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Immigration Daily October 30, 2003
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Editor's Comments

A Wealth Of Letters

Today's letters to the Editor section displays the rich diversity of Immigration Daily's readership, both in expression of opinion and variety of backgrounds. The five letters today include comments on our Walmart editorial, a detailed commentary on President's Hoover's immigration policies, an insider perspective on religious worker's issues, and more. The authors include attorneys, a former government employee, and a professor of history. We're proud of our readers' contributions to Immigration Daily and are happy to provide a forum for such dialog.


Curriculum For Business Immigration Seminar

The curriculum for ILW.COM's new seminar "Invest, Build And Digitize: Immigration Law Opportunities In The Venture-Capital, Manufacturing And Information-Technology Sectors Of The U.S. Economy" is as follows:

The media and the Web are awash these days with reports on the jobless recovery and the harm to the U.S. economy caused by the export of manufacturing and white-collar jobs abroad. A few quieter voices continue to champion the old-fashioned values of employment-based immigration and the need to adopt enlightened government policies that help promote innovation, build new industries and create jobs for American workers. While the pundits pontificate and Congress temporizes, immigration lawyers have no time to await developments. They must act now and continue to develop ever-more thoughtful strategies that utilize current provisions of the immigration laws as legitimate vehicles for employers to sponsor bright, talented and hard-working foreign nationals to fill critically important slots in American industries. In response to this need, we present a three-part national teleconference focusing on three of the most important sectors of the U.S. economy: Venture Capital and Investment; Manufacturing; and Information Technology. Moderated by nationally-renowned business immigration lawyer, Angelo A. Paparelli, the teleconference will feature leading immigration practitioners with several years of real-world experience in serving these industry sectors.

FIRST Phone Session on October 30:

Focus on Manufacturing Industry Employers and Occupations

  • Selecting the Best Immigration Options for Joint Ventures and Collaborations
  • Identifying Creative approaches to Allow Secondments of Executives, Managers and Specialists
  • Brainstorming on Current Issues and Solutions for E, H-1B and L-1 Aliens in Manufacturing Occupations
  • Choosing Strategies for Employment-Based Immigrants in Manufacturing
  • Identifying Solutions for Engineers, Blue-Collar Workers, Trainees and Business Visitors
  • Using Case Study Examples: Immigration Opportunities for Automotive Importers, Manufacturers, Suppliers, Distributors and Dealers.

SECOND Phone Session on November 5:

Focus on Employers and Occupations in Investments and the Venture-Capital Industry

  • Using the B-1, WB and Other, More Untraditional Nonimmigrant Options to Establish the U.S. Enterprise
  • Selecting the Best Approach: E-1, E-2, L-1, H-1B and O-1 options for Entrepreneurs, Small Businesses and Global Companies
  • Dare We Try? - Examining EB-5 Employment-Creation Investment Options
  • Addressing and Resolving Ability-to-Pay Challenges for New Businesses
  • Developing a Bullet-Proof Business Plan
  • Representing the Venture Capitalist, the Investment Syndicate or the Joint Venture
  • Transitioning the Entrepreneur to Green-Card Status Despite Matter of Modular Container Systems, 89-INA-228 (BALCA July 16, 1991) and Obstacles in the Forthcoming PERM Rule
  • Deploying Best Practices for Jobs in the Financial-Services Industry

THIRD Phone Session on December 4:

Focus on Employers and Occupations in the Information-Technology Industry

  • Establishing Immigration Eligibility for Evolving and Never-Before IT Occupations
  • Helping Aliens with No Degrees and Degree-Mismatches Move into IT
  • Identifying Tips for the Smart-Set in this year's H-1B "Race for the Numbers"
  • Defending Against BICE and DOL/WHD Investigations in the IT Industry
  • Using H-1B and AOS Portability in the Ongoing IT Job-Hopping Escapades
  • Remaking Love Story: Seventh-Year Strategies and Beyond ("Love is Never Having to Say Goodbye")
  • Managing Expectations and Speeding-Up the Processing of Visa Applications and Visa Screening for Country-of-Concern Aliens and Workers with Technology-Alert-List Problems

The deadline to register for the second session is Monday, November 3rd. For more info, including detailed curriculum, speaker bios, and registration information, please see: For the fax version, please see:

Featured Article

Fall 2003 Update On Immigration Policy And Procedures
Romulo E. Guevara, Esq. provides an update on legislative immigration policy and procedural issues.

Keep on top of the latest in immigration law! Attend ILW.COM seminars! You can attend ILW.COM phone seminars from the convenience of your office! For more info on the seminars currently available, please click here:

Immigration Law News

Rep. Hostettler Says Pilot Program Gives Employers Employment Eligibility Verification Tool
Rep. Hostettler (R-IN) during a debate in Congress said, "The pilot ensures that they will not be put in a position of hiring illegal aliens, investing hundreds or thousands of hours in training them, and then losing the benefits of this investment years down the road when they are forced to dismiss illegal aliens who were employees."

Rep. Leach Supports Increased Passport Security Between Travel From Micronesia And Marshall Islands
Rep. Leach (R-IA) in introducing increased tighter immigration controls on travel to the US from Micronesia and Marshall Islands said, "...a number of changes have been made including barring entry to the US under the [Compact of Free Association] of persons who were sold passports, limiting those naturalized citizens who can enter the US pursuant to the Compacts, and requiring passports for entry to the US.

Untimely Documents, Though Extensive, Doom Kosher Cook Labor Certification
In the Matter of Francis Arkin, No. 2002-INA-151 (BALCA, Sep. 15, 2003), the Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals said that it would not consider extensive documentation supplied by the Employer which documentation had not been provided to the CO. This extensive documentation in support of a business necessity for a kosher cook for a household included a letter from a rabbi and a letter from an owner of a kosher restaurant, and an article on dietary laws from Encyclopedia Judaica.

Texas DWI Is Not Crime Of Violence Offense
In US v. Lucio-Lucio, No. 03-2025 (10th Cir. Oct. 28, 2003), the court said that driving while intoxicated was not a crime of violence offense under 8 USC 1101(a)(43)(F). The court noted that to hold DWI to be a crime of violence would frustrate Congress' intent to differentiate among crimes and to apply more severe sanctions to a limited class of especially heinous offenses.

3rd Circuit Says Cuban Mariels May Be Indefinitely Detained
In Sierra v. Romaine, No. 02-2826 (3rd Cir. Oct. 29, 2003), the court found that the Attorney General had the authority under section 1231(a)(6) to detain Petitioner indefinitely and said that Petitioner, a Mariel Cuban, was not entitled to relief under Zadvydas. The court noted that there was a circuit split on this issue. The court also noted "An interpretation contained in a brief-like interpretations contained in opinion letters, policy statements, agency manuals, and enforcement guidelines-lacks the force of law and therefore is not entitled to Chevron deference."

Republicans Support Local Police In Immigration Enforcement Role
The Arizona Republic reports "Republicans in Congress are pushing a proposal that would pressure local and state police departments nationwide to arrest undocumented immigrants."

Immigration Issues May Not Play Role In '04 Elections
A Denver Post op-ed writes "Immigration was a factor in the recent California recall election, but it is not so clear that it will figure prominently in next year's election."

Attorney listings on ILW.COM are searched 200,000 times/year! Each attorney listed is searched an average of once each day! Just one new client will pay for the entire year's fee! Click here for more info:


Help Wanted: Experienced Paralegal
A Toronto-based business immigration law firm is seeking a paralegal with experience in US business immigration matters. In this position, you will work with a team of paralegals and lawyers in providing business immigration services to business clients. Qualified candidates should have a minimum 2-3 years of varied US business immigration experience, especially in H-1B processing, and labor certifications. Strong drafting skills, and the ability to manage a busy workload is expected. Please e-mail or mail resumes to:; BHG Box 64388, 220 East 42nd Street, 16th Floor, NY, NY 10017. We are an equal opportunity employer.

We carry advertisements for Help Wanted: Attorney, Help Wanted: Paralegal, Help Wanted: Other, Positions Sought, Products & Services Offered, etc.
For information on advertising in the classifieds please click here

For a listing of current immigration events please click here
For services/products of use in your law practice please click here

Letters to the Editor

Dear Editor:
In reference to the article on Religous Workers' 5 year extension... I agree that most of it is restrictive and that the Service does appear to overstep the regs. I used to work at a Service Center until I recently retired and am working for an attorney in Dallas. Now, I find myself on the other side of the fence. However, I know the reasoning and how the present interpretation has evolved. Contrary to the article's claim, and apparently backed up by faulty statistics at least where I was working, the overwhelming majority of religious worker cases were fraudulent. Because the Service used to be lax on religious workers, many petitioners took advantage of it and used it to bring in their relatives and friends. Many organizations charge a lot of money (or donate large sums to their organizations) in order to secure a coveted Green Card. Some organizations are not churches at all but a storefront made to look like a church. There is even one that uses churches to sell dope. The Service Center Investigations uncovered many many cases of fraud. As I said, the overwhelming majority were found to be fraud. I believe that is the reasoning for the tightening... It would be a wonderful vehicle to get church's people in if only there weren't so many crooks out there to mess it up.

Ben Garcia

Dear Editor:
In your editorial of 10/28 of Immigration Daily, you muse the following, "We are not clear as to the rationale for sparing the resources for this raid - BICE and DHS are supposed to be fighting terrorism as their first priority." If one looks to the usual explanations for agency action, such as the IRS's selective enforcement of back-owed funds as well as high-profile SEC investigations of regulatory violators, the answer becomes apparent. There is a two-fold strategy of both PR for the enforcement agency and digging into the deep pockets of the violator. Of course the 250 or so who slaved for sub-minimum wages under substandard conditions are the victims less than the violators. BICE knows that each offense carries a penalty of up to $10,000 each, and that multiplied by 250 adds up to a hefty chunk of change. The PR strategy is admittedly more debatable, as noted in the editorial, although Wal-Mart is in fact the biggest private employer the government could possibly pursue, the biggest in the nation in fact, with 1.1 million workers. Is it only a coincidence that enhanced guidelines on the I-9 recently promulgated now include language about 'constructive knowledge' to be imputed to the Employer hiring contractors who in turn employ those unlawfully present here? The raid on the Bentonville, Arkansas home office gives one every reason to believe BICE will seek to collect from Wal-Mart corporate directly, or at least some settlement in exchange for seeking a reduction in the maximum amount of the penalty.

Stephen Blower, Attorney at Law
Columbia, MO

Dear Editor:
In response to Mr. Brooks and Mr. Glenn's letters to the Editor, it's nice to see attorneys actually supporting enforcement of immigration laws. Wal-Mart, had it been concerned only with obtaining workers, and not workers at the cheapest price possible, was certainly in the forefront to have led an effort to bring in unskilled workers legally, without resorting to illegal aliens. Wal-Mart also is well-known for scrutinizing the marketing plans of its suppliers, and requiring them to change plans to suit Wal-Mart. It's hard to believe that Wal-Mart couldn't, if it wished to, practice the same diligence with companies that supply its cleaning services.

Ali Alexander

Dear Editor:
The most recent Presidential Paper Historical Series article on Oct. 27th showing how the Hoover administration changed immigration policy by fiat is instructive, but, as always, some background will help. In the first month of his administration (March 1929) Hoover proclaimed the national origin quotas as required by law. In an accompanying statement he stated his opposition to national origins - Hoover knew enough statistics to know how shaky its empirical base was - but noted that he was "strongly in favor of restricted and selected immigration." In December, 1929 - after the crash but before the depression Hoover declared that restriction of immigration had proved "a sound national policy." But, in typical progressive fashion, he still maintained that it ought to be possible to find "a method by which the limited number of immigrants whom we do welcome" suit "our national needs." A year later however, Hoover told Congress that: "There is a need for revision of our immigration laws upon a more limited and more selective basis, flexible to the needs of the country." Under the impact of the beginnings of the Great Depression, the President had determined that national needs dictated far fewer immigrants. "Under conditions of current unemployment it is obvious that persons coming to the United States seeking work would likely become either direct or indirect public charges. As a temporary measure the officers issuing visas to immigrants have been...instructed to refuse visas to applicants likely to fall into this class. As a result the visas issued have decreased from an average of about 24,000 a month prior to restrictions to a rate of about 7,000 during the last month. These are largely preferred persons under the law. Visas from Mexico are about 250 per month compared to about 4,000 previous to restrictions. The whole subject requires exhaustive reconsideration." In December 1931, almost 9 months after the document under discussion, he recommended to Congress that these administrative restrictions "be placed upon a more definite basis by law," that deportation laws be strengthened and that all aliens in the country be forced to carry residence certificates, a form of internal passport. These proposals were not acted on by Congress. In his final annual message, the defeated president had nothing further to recommend about immigration, but during the 1932 campaign he had taken credit for "rigidly restricted immigration." Thus, with the kind of creative reinterpretation of the law usually credited to his immediate successor, Hoover completely changed the meaning of the "l.p.c. clause." In 1882 the original phrase had been "paupers or persons likely to become a public charge" and the intent had been to exclude, not poor persons, but persons incapable of supporting themselves. But Hoover's claim of credit was misleading. The new administrative interpretation of the "l.p.c. clause" had actually begun at the tail end of the Coolidge administration. As early as September 1928 the State Department instructed American consular officials in Mexico to apply standards more stringently. Hoover's directive gave consular officials enormous latitude, which some used with murderous effect a few years later. The new interpretation of the old clause was eventually stretched so that many consuls were able to require immigrants either to have substantial assets in their possession or a sponsor in the US who would file an affidavit attesting a willingness to support the immigrant if necessary and an ability to do so.

Roger Daniels, Charles Phelps Taft Professor Emeritus of History
University of Cincinnati

Dear Editor:
Stop Family Violence issued the following press release.

For ten years, Rodi Alvarado Pena was brutally beaten by her husband in Guatemala. Her husband raped her repeatedly, attempted to abort their second child by kicking her in the spine, dislocated her jaw, tried to cut her hands off with a machete, kicked her in the genitals, and broke windows with her head. Ms. Alvarado sought assistance from the Guatemalan police and the courts but was refused official protection. Desperate, she fled to the US in search of safety. For the past eight years, Ms. Alvarado has been engaged in another kind of fight a fight to stay in the US. In 1996, she was granted asylum, but three years later, the Board of Immigration Appeals overturned that decision. Before leaving office, Janet Reno vacated the BIA's decision and asked that Ms. Alvarado's case be re-decided after new regulations on gender-based asylum were finalized. Since then, Ms. Alvarado's case has been in limbo. The current administration has yet to finalize these proposed regulations. And in February 2003, Attorney General John Ashcroft certified the case to himself so that he alone can act as judge. He has yet to issue his decision. What's more, in a shocking letter to Ms. Alvarado's attorney, Attorney General Ashcroft has refused to consider pertinent briefing materials in defense of gender-based asylum before making his decision a decision that will set a national precedent for granting asylum not just to Ms. Alvarado - but for all women fleeing from gender-based persecution such as domestic violence, honor killing, and sexual trafficking. The Attorney General's blatant disregard for basic legal principals of fairness and due-process in such a landmark case is stunning, and should not be tolerated. A bipartisan group of House members is currently circulating a letter to Attorney General John Ashcroft urging him to reconsider his decision to deny review of briefing materials. For more information about this critical case and to urge your Representative to sign this letter to Attorney General Ashcroft please visit Our strength is in our numbers. Help raise our voice against this injustice by passing this message along to others. Together we can.

Irene Weiser, Stop Family Violence
New York, NY

An Important disclaimer! The information provided on this page is not legal advice. Transmission of this information is not intended to create, and receipt by you does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. Readers must not act upon any information without first seeking advice from a qualified attorney. Send Correspondence and articles to Letters and articles may be edited and may be published and otherwise used in any medium. Opinions expressed in letters and articles do not necessarily reflect the opinion of ILW.COM.

Editorial Advisory Board
Marc Ellis, Gary Endelman

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