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The conference agreement provides $30.8 billion for operations and activities of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in fiscal year 2006, an increase of $1.4 billion above fiscal year 2005 and $1.3 billion above the President's request. The conference agreement reflects the DHS organizational structure recommended by the Secretary on July 13, 2005, and does not adopt any new aviation security fees.

Protecting our Nation's Borders and Revitalizing Immigration Enforcement

The bill provides $19.1 billion for border protection, immigration enforcement, and related activities, an increase of $1.2 billion over fiscal year 2005 and $490 million over the President's request. These funds support next generation technology to screen high-risk cargo coming through our land and seaports; an expansion of cargo inspection at foreign ports; improvements to supply chain security; maritime security, and support a robust revitalization of immigration enforcement efforts both along our borders and within the interior of the nation. The bill includes:

$1.8 billion for border security and control, funding an additional 1,000 Border Patrol Agents. When combined with the FY05 Supplemental, 1,500 new agents will be hired in FY06;
$3.4 billion for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, funding an additional 250 criminal investigators and 100 Immigration Enforcement Agents; when combined with the FY05 Supplemental, 568 new ICE agents and officers will be hired in FY06;
$41 million for border security technology, including surveillance and unmanned aerial vehicles;
$562 million for CBP Air and Marine Operations for border and airspace security;
$45 million for increased intelligence and targeting for cargo and passengers;
$138.8 million for the Container Security Initiative, supporting efforts in 48 foreign ports;
$54.3 million for the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism;
$21 million for FAST/SENTRI/NEXUS to maintain security & facilitate travel on our land borders;
$2.9 billion for the Coast Guard's homeland security missions;
$933.1 million for the Coast Guard's Deepwater program;
$4 million to continue and expand an immigration security pilot project at foreign airports;
$1 billion for immigration detention custody operations;
$135 million for transportation and removal of illegal immigrants;
$103 million for Fugitive Operations teams, including an additional three teams;
$94 million for the Institutional Removal Program, including an additional 100 agents;
$40 million for implementation of the REAL ID Act;
$5 million to train State and local officers to enforce immigration laws;
$28 million for Alternatives to Detention, including an additional 49 positions; and
A requirement that DHS submit a comprehensive immigration enforcement strategy that reduces the number of undocumented aliens by 10 percent per year and a requirement that DHS and ICE develop a national detention plan for undocumented aliens.
Supporting State and Local First Responders

The bill provides $3.3 billion for first responders, including grants to high threat areas, firefighters, and emergency management. Since September 11th, 2001, $32.1 billion has been provided to first responders - including terrorism prevention and preparedness, general law enforcement, firefighter assistance, airport security, seaport security, and public health preparedness. The bill includes:

$1.155 billion for high-density urban areas, including $765 million for urban area grants, $150 million for rail security, $175 million for port security, and $65 million for other infrastructure protection;
$550 million for basic formula grants;
$655 million for firefighter grants;
$400 million for State and local law enforcement terrorism prevention grants;
$185 million for Emergency Management Performance Grants; and
Disaster Mitigation and Relief

The bill focuses on federal response capabilities as well as increased planning and coordination with the states. The bill includes:

$1.77 billion for the Disaster Relief Fund;
$20 million for Urban Search and Rescue Teams;
$20 for FEMA catastrophic planning;
$22 million for National Incident Management System;
$200 million for Flood Map Modernization Program;
Requires the Office of Domestic Preparedness to submit the final National Preparedness Goal no later than October 1, 2005, establishing nationwide preparedness standards to make 2006 grant allocations based on these goals;
A requirement that DHS develop guidelines for mass evacuation plans; and
A requirement that DHS report on the status of catastrophic planning in all 50 states.
Enhancing Transportation Security

The bill continues efforts to enhance security for all modes of transportation, including ports, rails, and aviation, with a focus on research and development of next generation technologies to inspect baggage, passengers and cargo. In total, the bill provides $6.3 billion - partially offset by fees - for TSA, including Federal Air Marshals (FAMs). The bill includes:

$2.5 billion for passenger and baggage screeners;
$88 million for the training of airport screeners;
$443 million to procure, install, maintain and integrate in-line explosive detection systems;
$1 billion for aviation direction and enforcement activities;
$85 million for air cargo security, including 100 new inspectors, funding to fast track pending air cargo regulations; and research and development of next generation technologies;
$8 million for rail security inspectors and explosive detection canines;
$5 million for trucking security and $4 million for HAZMAT truck tracking and training;
$686 million for Federal Air Marshals, ensuring mission coverage on both domestic and international flights, including $2 million for secure communications; and
A requirement to develop and implement improved air cargo security standards and protocols, as well as the use of EDS equipment to screen air cargo at airports.
Using Science and Technology to Protect our Nation

The bill provides $1.5 billion for research, development, and deployment of innovative technologies, including those proposed by universities, national laboratories, not-for-profit organizations, and private companies. Funds will be used to test technologies, determine their applicability to homeland security requirements, and transition these technologies for use by federal, State and local officials. The bill includes:

$538 million to develop radiological, nuclear, chemical, biological, and high explosives countermeasures;
$35 million for rapid prototyping of homeland security technologies;
$110 million for research, development, and testing of antimissile devices for commercial aircraft;
$20 million for container security research;
$318 to start-up the new Domestic Nuclear Detection Office and its help coordinate global nuclear detection and tracking; and
$63 million for university-based centers of excellence and fellowships.
Protecting the Nation's Critical Infrastructure

The bill enhances Infrastructure Protection and Information Security's work to protect our critical infrastructure and key assets, providing a total of $625 million in fiscal year 2006. The bill supports ongoing efforts to enhance the current inventory of our nation's critical infrastructures; develop of secure communications systems with federal, State and local entities; and continue efforts to work with the private sector to implement protective measures around this infrastructure. The bill includes:

$180 million for critical infrastructure identification and evaluation, and outreach and partnerships with industry;
$91.4 million for protective actions
$14 million to identify and characterize potential bio-terrorist attacks;
$39.6 million for U.S. Secret Service's Electronic Crimes Task Forces (ECTFs), including an additional 50 FTEs devoted to combating electronic crime and identity theft;
$93.3 million for cyber-security; and
$255 million for Analysis and Operations, including the Homeland Security Operations Center, for enhancing secure communications with State and local governments.
Supporting Traditional Missions such as Immigration Services, Drug Interdiction, Law Enforcement, Maritime Safety and Security, and Trade

$2.6 billion for traditional Coast Guard operating activities, including maritime safety, drug interdiction, and fisheries, environmental, and humanitarian missions;
$1.2 billion for the U.S. Secret Service;
$487 million for the Federal Protective Service to protect over 8,800 federal facilities nationwide;
$25 million to enforce laws related to forced child labor, intellectual property rights, and textile transshipment;
$7.9 million to support investigations related to missing and exploited children; and
$1.9 billion for citizenship and immigration services, including $1.7 billion in fee funded activities.