DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES (4th Ed., Rev. 1991)
301.137-010 to 362.687-018
This category includes occupations concerned with performing tasks in and around private households; serving individuals in institutions and in commercial and other establishments; and protecting the public against crime, fire, accidents, and acts of war.
30 DOMESTIC SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with tasks in and around a private household.
301 HOUSEHOLD AND RELATED WORK
This group includes occupations concerned with performing such duties in a private household as cleaning, making beds, caring for children, planning meals, marketing, and cooking. Includes workers managing private household and directing work activities of other workers performing these duties. Occupations concerned primarily with washing and ironing are included in Group 302, and preparation and cooking food in Group 305.
301.137-010 HOUSEKEEPER, HOME (domestic ser.) alternate titles: manager, household
Supervises and coordinates activities of household employees
in a private residence: Informs new employees of employer's desires and gives instructions in
work methods and routines. Assigns duties, such as cooking and serving meals, cleaning,
washing, and ironing, adjusting work activities to accommodate family members. Orders
foodstuffs and cleaning supplies. Keeps record of expenditures. May hire and discharge
employees. Works in residence employing large staff.
301.474-010 HOUSE WORKER, GENERAL (domestic ser.) alternate titles: housekeeper, home
Performs any combination of following duties to maintain
private home clean and orderly, to cook and serve meals, and to render personal services to
family members: Plans meals and purchases foodstuffs and household supplies. Prepares and
cooks vegetables, meats, and other foods according to employer's instructions or following own
methods. Serves meals and refreshments. Washes dishes and cleans silverware. Oversees
activities of children, assisting them in dressing and bathing. Cleans furnishings, floors, and
windows, using vacuum cleaner, mops, broom, cloths, and cleaning solutions. Changes linens
and makes beds. Washes linens and other garments by hand or machine, and mends and irons
clothing, linens, and other household articles, using hand iron or electric ironer. Answers
telephone and doorbell. Feeds pets.
301.677-010 CHILD MONITOR (domestic ser.) alternate titles: nurse, children's
Performs any combination of following duties to attend
children in private home: Observes and monitors play activities or amuses children by reading to
or playing games with them. Prepares and serves meals or formulas. Sterilizes bottles and other
equipment used for feeding infants. Dresses or assists children to dress and bathe. Accompanies
children on walks or other outings. Washes and irons clothing. Keeps children's quarters clean
and tidy. Cleans other parts of home. May be designated Nurse, Infants' (domestic ser.) when in
charge of infants. May be designated Baby Sitter (domestic ser.) when employed on daily or
301.687-010 CARETAKER (domestic ser.) alternate titles: odd-job worker
Performs any combination of following duties in keeping
private home clean and in good condition: Cleans and dusts furnishings, hallways, and lavatories.
Beats and vacuums rugs and scrubs them with cleaning solutions. Washes windows and waxes
and polishes floors. Removes and hangs draperies. Cleans and oils furnace. Shovels coal into
furnace and removes ashes. Replaces light switches and repairs broken screens, latches, or doors.
Paints exterior structures, such as fences, garages, and sheds. May drive family car. May mow
and rake lawn. May groom and exercise pets. When duties are confined to upkeep of house, may
be designated House Worker (domestic ser.).
301.687-014 DAY WORKER (domestic ser.)
Performs any combination of following domestic duties:
Cleans and dusts furnishings, hallways, and lavatories. Changes and makes beds. Washes and
irons clothings by hand or machine. Vacuums carpets, using vacuum cleaner. May watch
children to keep them out of mischief. May wash windows and wax and polish floors.
301.687-018 YARD WORKER (domestic ser.)
Performs any combination of following duties, in accordance
with instructions of employer, to keep grounds of private residence in neat and orderly condition:
Plants, transplants, fertilizes, sprays with pesticides, prunes, cultivates, and waters flowers,
shrubbery, and trees. Seeds and mows lawns, rakes leaves, and keeps ground free of other debris.
Whitewashes or paints fences. Washes and polishes automobiles. Cleans patio furniture and
garage. Shovels snow from walks. May cultivate flowers, shrubbery, and other plants in
greenhouse. May wax floors, tend furnace, or groom and exercise pets. May divide time between
several homes, working on hourly or daily basis. When duties are confined to upkeep of grounds,
may be designated Gardener (domestic ser.).
302 LAUNDERERS, PRIVATE FAMILY
This group includes occupations concerned with washing and ironing clothes and household linens for one or several private families.
302.685-010 LAUNDRY WORKER, DOMESTIC (domestic ser.)
Tends automatic washing and drying machines to clean and
dry household articles and presses household articles, using hand iron: Sorts articles by color and
fabric, and loads into automatic washing machine. Adjusts machine settings for temperature,
water level, and time duration of wash. Adds measured amounts of detergent, bluing, starches,
and fabric softener as required. Removes articles from washer and loads into dryer. Sorts, irons,
and folds dried articles. May iron only [IRONER (domestic ser.)]. May perform other housework
[HOUSE WORKER, GENERAL (domestic ser.)]. May use electric ironing machine.
302.687-010 IRONER (domestic ser.)
Dampens and irons wearing apparel, household linens, and
other household articles with hand iron. May use electric ironing machine (mangle). May be
employed on hourly basis.
305 COOKS, DOMESTIC
This group includes occupations concerned with preparing and cooking food, including special diets, for private household.
305.281-010 COOK (domestic ser.)
Plans menus and cooks meals, in private home, according to
recipes or tastes of employer: Peels, washes, trims, and prepares vegetables and meats for
cooking. Cooks vegetables and bakes breads and pastries. Boils, broils, fries, and roasts meats.
Plans menus and orders foodstuffs. Cleans kitchen and cooking utensils. May serve meals. May
perform seasonal cooking duties, such as preserving and canning fruits and vegetables, and
making jellies. May prepare fancy dishes and pastries. May prepare food for special diets. May
work closely with persons performing household or nursing duties. May specialize in preparing
and serving dinner for employed, retired, or other persons and be designated Family-Dinner
Service Specialist (domestic ser.).
309 DOMESTIC SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with tasks in and around a private household.
309.137-010 BUTLER (domestic ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of household employees
engaged in cooking, cleaning, and related domestic duties: Oversees serving of luncheon and
dinner, sets table, directs workers in serving meals, or personally serves them. Performs other
services as requested, such as mixing and serving cocktails and tea. Answers telephone and
delivers messages. Receives and announces guests. May prepare salads. May keep silver service
clean and intact. May employ and discharge other household employees.
309.354-010 HOMEMAKER (social ser.)
Advises family in private home in dealing with problems,
such as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities: Advises and assists family members in
planning nutritious meals, purchasing and preparing foods, and utilizing commodities from
surplus food programs. Assists head of household in training and disciplining children, assigns
and schedules housekeeping duties to children according to their capabilities, and encourages
parents to take interest in children's schoolwork and assist them in establishing good study
habits. Explains fundamental hygiene principles and renders bedside care to individuals who are
ill, and trains other family members to provide required care. Participates in evaluating needs of
individuals served, and confers with CASEWORKER (social ser.) to plan for continuing
309.367-010 HOUSE SITTER (domestic ser.)
Occupies and oversees house to maintain order and security
of property and conduct necessary business transactions during temporary absence of owner,
renter, or other occupant: Monitors entrances to property and secures locks and other devices to
prevent access of unauthorized persons. Answers telephone and doorbell, takes messages, and
forwards information to employer as requested. Forwards or files mail. Pays current bills from
designated funds and makes deposits to accounts as required. Cleans, vacuums, and dusts house,
using vacuum cleaner and other housecleaning aids. Feeds and waters pets and takes ill pets to
veterinarian for treatment. Inspects utilities, such as plumbing and air-conditioning, to detect
problems requiring services of repairer and contacts repair establishment to arrange for necessary
repairs. May care for swimming pool or grounds or perform other related duties.
309.674-010 BUTLER, SECOND (domestic ser.)
Performs variety of manual duties in large household,
working under supervision of BUTLER (domestic ser.): Serves food and drink during meals,
cleans and polishes silver, waxes floors, washes windows and performs other duties in dining
room, living room, and other downstairs rooms. May answer telephone or doorbell and announce
guests. Performs duties of BUTLER (domestic ser.) in his or her absence. Frequently lays out
employer's clothes for wear, polishes shoes, and performs other valet duties.
309.674-014 PERSONAL ATTENDANT (domestic ser.)
Performs personal services to employer in private household:
Brushes, cleans, presses, mends employer's clothing. Lays out employer's clothing, and assists
employer to dress. Packs clothing for travel. Cleans employer's quarters. Prepares bath.
Purchases clothing and accessories. Answers telephone. Drives car to perform errands. Mixes
and serves drinks. May prepare and serve refreshments. May shampoo and groom employer's
hair, shave face, manicure nails, give body or facial massages, or apply cosmetics for employer.
May change linens, and make employer's bed.
309.677-010 COMPANION (domestic ser.)
Cares for elderly, handicapped, or convalescent persons:
Attends to employer's personal needs [PERSONAL ATTENDANT (domestic ser.)]. Transacts
social or business affairs [SOCIAL SECRETARY (clerical)]. Reads aloud, plays cards, or other
games to entertain employer. Accompanies employer on trips and outings. May prepare and
serve meals to employer.
309.677-014 FOSTER PARENT (domestic ser.)
Rears homeless or parentless children in own home as
members of family: Organizes and schedules activities, such as recreation, rest periods, and
sleeping time. Ensures child has nutritious diet. Instructs children in good personal and health
habits. Bathes, dresses, and undresses young children. Washes and irons clothing. Accompanies
children on outings and walks. Disciplines children when required. May return children to
parents' home during weekends and holidays. May work under supervision of welfare agency.
May prepare periodic reports concerning progress and behavior of children for welfare agency.
31 FOOD AND BEVERAGE PREPARATION AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with preparing food and beverages and serving them to patrons of such establishments as hotels, clubs, restaurants, and cocktail lounges.
310 HOSTS/HOSTESSES AND STEWARDS/STEWARDESSES, FOOD AND BEVERAGE SERVICE, EXCEPT SHIP STEWARDS/STEWARDESSES
This group includes occupations concerned with greeting and seating customers of establishment; and supervising activities of waiters/waitresses, dining room attendants, storeroom workers, and kitchen and pantry workers, except those actually engaged in food preparation.
310.137-010 HOST/HOSTESS, RESTAURANT (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: dining-room manager; waiter/waitress, head
Supervises and coordinates activities of dining room
personnel to provide fast and courteous service to patrons: Schedules dining reservations and
arranges parties or special services for diners. Greets guests, escorts them to tables, and provides
menus. Adjusts complaints of patrons. Assigns work tasks and coordinates activities of dining
room personnel to ensure prompt and courteous service to patrons. Inspects dining room serving
stations for neatness and cleanliness, and requisitions table linens and other dining room supplies
for tables and serving stations. May interview, hire, and discharge dining room personnel. May
train dining room employees. May schedule work hours and keep time records of dining room
workers. May assist in planning menus. May prepare beverages and expedite food orders. May
total receipts, at end of shift, to verify sales and clear cash register. May collect payment from
customers [CASHIER (clerical) II 211.462-010].
310.137-018 STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: chief steward/stewardess; executive steward/stewardess; house steward/stewardess
Supervises and coordinates activities of pantry, storeroom,
and noncooking kitchen workers, and purchases or requisitions foodstuffs, kitchen supplies, and
equipment: Inspects kitchens and storerooms to ensure that premises and equipment are clean
and in order, and that sufficient foodstuffs and supplies are on hand to ensure efficient service.
Examines incoming purchases for quality and to ensure that purchases are as specified in order.
Approves invoices or bills for payment. Coordinates work of noncooking kitchen and storeroom
workers engaged in activities, such as dishwashing, silver cleaning, and storage and distribution
of foodstuffs and supplies. Establishes controls to guard against theft and wastage. Confers with
EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.) or MANAGER, CATERING (hotel & rest.) concerning
banquet arrangements for food service, equipment, and extra employees. May plan and price
menus, keep cost records, and establish budget controls to ensure profitable food service
operation. May perform duties for recreational or business clubs. This job occurs in hotels as
opposed to KITCHEN SUPERVISOR (hotel & rest.) which occurs in restaurants and cafeterias.
310.137-022 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, BANQUET (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of kitchen and
dining-room workers during banquets to ensure that food is served promptly: Consults with
MANAGER, CATERING (hotel & rest.) or EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.) on such items as
serving arrangements and additional employees and equipment needed. Hires and supervises
temporary banquet employees. Requisitions table linen, china, glassware, and silverware. Orders
preparation of salads and coffee. Observes food being served to ensure that food is correctly
garnished and arranged on plates.
310.137-026 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, RAILROAD DINING CAR (r.r. trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
preparing, cooking, and serving food to passengers on railroad dining car: Requisitions food
supplies necessary to fill menu and prepares requisitions for linen, crockery, and silverware from
commissary. Examines supplies for quality and completeness of orders. Supervises workers
engaged in storing food in car. Receives bills and money from WAITER/WAITRESS, DINING
CAR (r.r. trans.) and makes change. Maintains record of all cash received during each day.
Informs COOK, RAILROAD (r.r. trans.) of approximate number of persons expected to board
train. Assigns work stations to WAITERS/WAITRESSES DINING CAR (r.r. trans.). May
coordinate sale and serving of beverages in lounge car and be designated Steward/Stewardess,
Club Car (r.r. trans.).
310.267-010 ANALYST, FOOD AND BEVERAGE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: research worker, kitchen
Examines food samples and food service records and other
data to determine sales appeal and cost of preparing and serving meals and beverages in
establishments, such as restaurants and cafeterias or for chain of food establishments: Tastes food
samples to determine palatability and customer appeal. Estimates number of servings obtainable
from standard and original recipes and unit cost of preparation. Converts recipes for use in
quantity preparation. Studies reservation lists and previous records and forecasts customer traffic
and number of servings required for specified period of time. May investigate complaints relative
to faulty cooking or quality of ingredients. May plan menus. May specialize in
industrial-employee food service or cafeteria food service. May supervise
FOOD-AND-BEVERAGE CONTROLLER (hotel & rest.) and kitchen employees.
310.357-010 WINE STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: sommelier
Selects, requisitions, stores, sells, and serves wines in
restaurant: Keeps inventory and orders wine to replenish stock. Stores wines on racks or shelves.
Discusses wines with patrons and assists patrons to make wine selection, applying knowledge of
wines. Tastes wines prior to serving and serves wines to patrons.
311 WAITERS/WAITRESSES, AND RELATED FOOD SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with setting places at dining tables or counters, taking orders for and serving food and drink, answering inquiries relative to items on the menu, and otherwise attending to the wishes of customers.
311.137-010 COUNTER SUPERVISOR (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
serving food from cafeteria counter: Directs workers engaged in stocking and arranging of food,
dishes, silverware, and other supplies at steamtables, ice counters, and serving stations. Inspects
serving operations to ensure that supplies are adequate and that food portioning meets prescribed
standards. Assigns duties to counter workers. Directs workers engaged in removing food after
meals and cleaning counters and work areas. May assist workers in serving customers or in
performing other duties.
311.137-014 WAITER/WAITRESS, BANQUET, HEAD (hotel & rest.)
Plans details for banquets, receptions, and other social
functions. Hires extra help, directs setting up of tables and decorations, and supervises
WAITER/WAITRESS, FORMAL (hotel & rest.).
311.137-018 WAITER/WAITRESS, CAPTAIN (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: captain
Supervises activities of workers in section of dining room:
Receives guests and conducts them to tables. Describes or suggests food courses and appropriate
wines. When serving banquets, may be designated Banquet Captain (hotel & rest.).
311.137-022 WAITER/WAITRESS, HEAD (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of dining-room
employees engaged in providing courteous and rapid service to diners: Greets guests and escorts
them to tables. Schedules dining reservations. Arranges parties for patrons. Adjusts complaints
regarding food or service. Hires and trains dining-room employees. Notifies payroll department
regarding work schedules and time records. May assist in preparing menus. May plan and
execute details for banquets [STEWARD/STEWARDESS, BANQUET (hotel & rest.);
MANAGER, CATERING (hotel & rest.)]. May supervise WAITERS/WAITRESSES, ROOM
SERVICE (hotel & rest.) and be designated Captain, Room Service (hotel & rest.).
311.472-010 FAST-FOODS WORKER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cashier, fast foods restaurant
Serves customer of fast food restaurant: Requests customer
order and depresses keys of multicounting machine to simultaneously record order and compute
bill. Selects requested food items from serving or storage areas and assembles items on serving
tray or in takeout bag. Notifies kitchen personnel of shortages or special orders. Serves cold
drinks, using drink-dispensing machine, or frozen milk drinks or desserts, using milkshake or
frozen custard machine. Makes and serves hot beverages, using automatic water heater or
coffeemaker. Presses lids onto beverages and places beverages on serving tray or in takeout
container. Receives payment. May cook or apportion french fries or perform other minor duties
to prepare food, serve customers, or maintain orderly eating or serving areas.
311.477-010 CAR HOP (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: drive-in waiter/waitress
Serves food and refreshments to patrons in cars: Takes order
and relays order to kitchen or serving counter to be filled. Places filled order on tray and fastens
tray to car door. Totals and presents check to customer and accepts payment for service.
Removes tray and stacks dishes for return to kitchen. Sweeps service area with broom. May
prepare fountain drinks, such as sodas, milkshakes, and malted milks. May restock service
counter with items, such as ice, napkins, and straws.
311.477-014 COUNTER ATTENDANT, LUNCHROOM OR COFFEE SHOP (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: waiter/waitress, counter
Serves food or beverages to customers seated at counter:
Calls order to kitchen and picks up and serves order when it is ready. Itemizes and totals check
for service or totals takeout transaction on cash register and accepts payment. May prepare
sandwiches, salads, and other short order items [COOK, SHORT ORDER (hotel & rest.)
313.374-014]. May perform other duties, such as cleaning counters, washing dishes, and selling
cigars and cigarettes.
311.477-018 WAITER/WAITRESS, BAR (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: waiter/waitress, cocktail lounge
Serves beverages to patrons seated at tables in bar or cocktail
lounge. Computes bill and accepts payment. May take orders for and serve light meals and hors
d'oeuvres. May request identification from customers when legal age is questioned. When
working in establishment serving only beer and wine, is designated Waiter/Waitress, Tavern
(hotel & rest.).
311.477-022 WAITER/WAITRESS, DINING CAR (r.r. trans.)
Serves passengers in railroad dining car: Presents menu to
patrons, makes suggestions, and answers questions regarding food and service. Takes order from
patron and presents it to COOK, RAILROAD (r.r. trans.). Serves food to passenger. Computes
cost of meal. Accepts money from patron and returns change. Removes dishes from table and
carries them to kitchen. Places clean linen, silverware, and glassware on table according to rules
of etiquette. Washes glassware and silverware. May prepare salads, appetizers, and cold dishes.
May receive and store linen supplies. May prepare and serve mixed drinks. May be designated
according to specialty as Bar Attendant (r.r. trans.); Pantry Attendant (r.r. trans.).
311.477-026 WAITER/WAITRESS, FORMAL (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: server
Serves meals to patrons according to established rules of
etiquette, working in formal setting: Presents menu to diner, suggesting dinner courses,
appropriate wines, and answering questions regarding food preparation. Writes order on check or
memorizes it. Relays order to kitchen and serves courses from kitchen and service bars.
Garnishes and decorates dishes preparatory to serving. Serves patrons from chafing dish at table.
Observes diners to respond to any additional requests and to determine when meal has been
completed. Totals bill and accepts payment or refers patron to CASHIER (clerical) II
211.462-010. May carve meats, bone fish and fowl, and prepare flaming dishes and desserts at
patron's table. May be designated Waiter/Waitress, Banquet (hotel & rest.) when serving at
311.477-030 WAITER/WAITRESS, INFORMAL (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: server
Serves food to patrons at counters and tables of coffeeshops,
lunchrooms, and other dining establishments where food service is informal: Presents menu,
answers questions, and makes suggestions regarding food and service. Writes order on check or
memorizes it. Relays order to kitchen and serves courses from kitchen and service bars. Observes
guests to respond to additional requests and to determine when meal has been completed. Totals
bill and accepts payment or refers patron to CASHIER (clerical) II 211.462-010. May ladle soup,
toss salads, portion pies and desserts, brew coffee, and perform other services as determined by
establishment's size and practices. May clear and reset counters or tables at conclusion of each
course [DINING ROOM ATTENDANT (hotel & rest.) 311.677-018].
311.477-034 WAITER/WAITRESS, ROOM SERVICE (hotel & rest.)
Serves meals to guests in their rooms. Carries silverware,
linen, and food on tray or uses cart. Sets up table and serves food from cart. Removes equipment
311.477-038 WAITER/WAITRESS, TAKE OUT (hotel & rest.)
Serves customers at take out counter of restaurant or
lunchroom: Writes items ordered on order tickets, totals orders, passes orders to cook, and gives
ticket stubs to customers to identify filled orders. Wraps menu items, such as sandwiches, hot
entrees, and desserts. Fills containers with requested beverages, such as coffee, tea, or carbonated
drink. Receives payment for orders and makes change. May prepare fountain drinks, such as
sodas and milkshakes. May record orders and compute bill simultaneously, using cash register.
311.674-010 CANTEEN OPERATOR (any industry)
Serves sandwiches, salads, beverages, desserts, candies, and
tobacco to employees in industrial establishment. May collect money for purchases. May order
items to replace stocks. May serve hot dishes, such as soups. May serve employees from mobile
311.674-014 RAW SHELLFISH PREPARER (hotel & rest.)
Cleans and prepares shellfish for serving to customers:
Washes shellfish in water. Inserts blunt-edge knife between halves to open bivalves and cuts out
inedible parts. Returns oysters and clams to half shell and arranges them on ice filled dishes or
places them in cold storage. Removes shells from shrimp and meat from crab and lobster shells,
and arranges meat in special glasses for serving as cocktails. Mixes meat with other ingredients
and arranges mixture on plates for salads. Serves customers at bar. May place silverware,
napkins, potato chips, and condiments on bar. May mix ketchup, horseradish, lemon juice, and
other ingredients to make cocktail sauces. May prepare only oysters for use as food and be
designated Oyster Preparer (hotel & rest.).
311.674-018 WAITER/WAITRESS, BUFFET (hotel & rest.)
Serves or assists diners to serve themselves at buffet or
smorgasbord table. Replenishes supplies of food and tableware. May carry trays of food to
individual tables for diners.
311.677-010 CAFETERIA ATTENDANT (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: dining-room attendant, cafeteria; service attendant, cafeteria; table attendant, cafeteria; waiter/waitress, cafeteria
Carries trays from food counters to tables for cafeteria
patrons. Carries dirty dishes to kitchen. Wipes tables and seats with dampened cloth. Sets tables
with clean linens, sugar bowls, and condiments. May wrap clean silver in napkins. May circulate
among diners and serve coffee and be designated Coffee Server, Cafeteria Or Restaurant (hotel &
311.677-014 COUNTER ATTENDANT, CAFETERIA (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: server; steamtable attendant
Serves food from counters and steamtables to cafeteria
patrons: Serves salads, vegetables, meat, breads, and cocktails, ladles soups and sauces, portions
desserts, and fills beverage cups and glasses as indicated by customer. Adds relishes and
garnishes according to instructions from COUNTER SUPERVISOR (hotel & rest.) 311.137-010.
Scrubs and polishes counters, steamtables, and other equipment. May replenish foods at serving
stations. May brew coffee and tea. May carve meat. May accept payment for food, using cash
register or adding machine to total check. May prepare and serve salads and be known as Salad
Counter Attendant (hotel & rest.). May serve food to passenger from steamtable on railroad
dining car and be known as Steamtable Attendant, Railroad (r.r. trans.).
311.677-018 DINING ROOM ATTENDANT (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: bus person
Performs any combination of following duties to facilitate
food service: Carries dirty dishes from dining room to kitchen. Wipes table tops and chairs, using
damp cloth. Replaces soiled table linens and sets tables with silverware and glassware.
Replenishes supply of clean linens, silverware, glassware, and dishes in dining room. Supplies
service bar with food, such as soups, salads, and desserts. Serves ice water and butter to patrons.
Cleans and polishes glass shelves and doors of service bars and equipment, such as coffee urns
and cream and milk dispensers. Makes coffee and fills fruit juice dispensers. May sweep and
mop floors. May transfer food and dishes between floors of establishment, using dumbwaiter,
and be designated Dumbwaiter Operator (hotel & rest.). May run errands and deliver food orders
to offices and be designated Runner (hotel & rest.). May be designated according to type of
activity or area of work as Clean-Up Helper, Banquet (hotel & rest.); Counter Dish Carrier (hotel
& rest.); Dish Carrier (hotel & rest.); Glass Washer And Carrier (hotel & rest.); Room Service
Assistant (hotel & rest.); Steamtable Worker (hotel & rest.); Table Setter (hotel & rest.); Water
Server (hotel & rest.).
This group includes occupations concerned with mixing and dispensing alcoholic drinks.
312.474-010 BARTENDER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: bar attendant; barkeeper
Mixes and serves alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks to
patrons of bar, following standard recipes: Mixes ingredients, such as liquor, soda, water, sugar,
and bitters, to prepare cocktails and other drinks. Serves wine and draught or bottled beer.
Collects money for drinks served. Orders or requisitions liquors and supplies. Arranges bottles
and glasses to make attractive display. May slice and pit fruit for garnishing drinks. May prepare
appetizers, such as pickles, cheese, and cold meats. May tend service bar and be designated
Service Bartender (hotel & rest.).
312.477-010 BAR ATTENDANT (hotel & rest.)
Serves alcoholic drinks to patrons in taverns or combination
bar and package-goods store: Takes orders from customers. Serves shots (jiggers) for
consumption within establishment. Serves bottled beer or draws draught beer from kegs. Sells
unopened bottles of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages to be taken from premises when
licensed for sale of packaged goods. Receives payment for amount of sale and makes change.
Usually does not serve mixed drinks.
312.677-010 TAPROOM ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Fills glasses with beer drawn from tap and hands filled
glasses to patron or to worker who serves patrons. Inserts hose couplings into fittings on barrel to
connect beer tap and CO2 automatic pressure regulator to beer barrel. Twists valve control lever
to pressurize beer barrel. Pulls tap control handle to pour beer. Wipes bar and equipment with
cloth to clean. May wash and sterilize glasses. May order and inventory supplies. May wax bar.
312.687-010 BARTENDER HELPER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: bar porter; bar runner
Cleans bar and equipment, and replenishes bar supplies, such
as liquor, fruit, ice, and dishes: Stocks refrigerating units with wines and bottled beer. Replaces
empty beer kegs with full ones. Slices and pits fruit used to garnish drinks. Washes glasses, bar,
and equipment, and polishes bar fixtures. Mops floors. Removes empty bottles and trash. May
mix and prepare flavors for mixed drinks.
313 CHEFS AND COOKS, HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with planning menus, estimating consumption, and cooking food in hotels or restaurants. Workers usually specialize in a particular area.
313.131-010 BAKER, HEAD (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: baker, bread, chief; baker chef
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel in
bread-baking department: Plans production according to daily requirements. Requisitions
supplies and equipment. Maintains production records.
313.131-014 CHEF (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cook, chief; kitchen chef
Supervises, coordinates, and participates in activities of cooks
and other kitchen personnel engaged in preparing and cooking foods in hotel, restaurant,
cafeteria, or other establishment: Estimates food consumption, and requisitions or purchases
foodstuffs. Receives and examines foodstuffs and supplies to ensure quality and quantity meet
established standards and specifications. Selects and develops recipes based on type of food to be
prepared and applying personal knowledge and experience in food preparation. Supervises
personnel engaged in preparing, cooking, and serving meats, sauces, vegetables, soups, and other
foods. Cooks or otherwise prepares food according to recipe [COOK (hotel & rest.)
313.361-014]. Cuts, trims, and bones meats and poultry for cooking. Portions cooked foods, or
gives instructions to workers as to size of portions and methods of garnishing. Carves meats.
May employ, train, and discharge workers. May maintain time and payroll records. May plan
menus. May supervise kitchen staff, plan menus, purchase foodstuffs, and not prepare and cook
foods [EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.) 187.167-010]. May be designated according to
cuisine specialty as Chef, French (hotel & rest.); Chef, German (hotel & rest.); Chef, Italian
(hotel & rest.); or according to food specialty as Chef, Broiler Or Fry (hotel & rest.); Chef,
Saucier (hotel & rest.). May supervise worker preparing food for banquet and be designated
Banquet Chef (hotel & rest.).
313.131-018 COOK, HEAD, SCHOOL CAFETERIA (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: food service coordinator; head cook, school; preparation center coordinator
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
preparing, cooking, and serving food in school cafeteria, cafeterias, or central school district
kitchen: Plans varied menus to ensure that food is appetizing and nutritionally suitable for
children. Estimates daily or weekly needs and orders food supplies and equipment. Supervises
and coordinates activities of workers who prepare, cook, serve food, clean premises, and wash
dishware. Keeps daily record of meals served and takes inventory of supplies and equipment.
Trains new employees. Participates in preparing and cooking meals. May direct activities of
students engaged in washing dishes and utensils.
313.131-022 PASTRY CHEF (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of COOKS (hotel &
rest.) engaged in preparation of desserts, pastries, confections, and ice cream: Plans production
for pastry department, according to menu or special requirements. Supplies recipes for, and
suggests methods and procedures to pastry workers. Fashions table and pastry decorations, such
as statuaries and ornaments, from sugar paste and icings, using cream bag, spatula, and various
decorating tools. Requisitions supplies and equipment. Maintains production records. May
participate in preparing desserts.
313.131-026 SOUS CHEF (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: chef assistant; chef, under; executive-chef assistant; supervising-chef assistant
Supervises and coordinates activities of COOKS (hotel &
rest.) and other workers engaged in preparing and cooking foodstuffs: Observes workers engaged
in preparing, portioning, and garnishing foods to ensure that methods of cooking and garnishing
and sizes of portions are as prescribed. Gives instructions to cooking personnel in fine points of
cooking. Cooks and carves meats, and prepares dishes, such as sauces, during rush periods and
for banquets and other social functions. Assumes responsibility for kitchen in absence of
EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.). In establishments not employing EXECUTIVE CHEF
(hotel & rest.), may be designated Supervising Chef (hotel & rest.).
313.281-010 CHEF DE FROID (hotel & rest.)
Designs and prepares decorated foods and artistic food
arrangements for buffets in formal restaurants: Confers with EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.)
and SOUS CHEF (hotel & rest.) and reviews advance menus to determine amount and type of
food to be served and decor to be carried out. Prepares foods, such as hors d'oeuvres, cold whole
salmon, roast suckling pig, casseroles, and fancy aspics, according to recipe, and decorates them
following customer's specifications, designated color scheme, or theme, using colorful fruit,
vegetables, and relishes. Molds butter into artistic forms, such as dancing girls or animals.
Sculptures blocks of ice, using chisels and ice picks. Carves meats in patron's presence,
employing showmanship. May prepare cold meats, casseroles, and other foods during slack
periods [GARDE MANGER (hotel & rest.)].
313.361-010 BAKER, SECOND (hotel & rest.)
Prepares bread, rolls, muffins, and biscuits in establishments
where baking of various breads, cakes, and pastries is divided among several workers, and
supervises other BAKERS (hotel & rest.) in absence of BAKER, HEAD (hotel & rest.).
313.361-014 COOK (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cook, restaurant
Prepares, seasons, and cooks soups, meats, vegetables,
desserts, and other foodstuffs for consumption in eating establishments: Reads menu to estimate
food requirements and orders food from supplier or procures food from storage. Adjusts
thermostat controls to regulate temperature of ovens, broilers, grills, roasters, and steam kettles.
Measures and mixes ingredients according to recipe, using variety of kitchen utensils and
equipment, such as blenders, mixers, grinders, slicers, and tenderizers, to prepare soups, salads,
gravies, desserts, sauces, and casseroles. Bakes, roasts, broils, and steams meats, fish, vegetables,
and other foods. Adds seasoning to foods during mixing or cooking, according to personal
judgment and experience. Observes and tests foods being cooked by tasting, smelling, and
piercing with fork to determine that it is cooked. Carves meats, portions food on serving plates,
adds gravies and sauces, and garnishes servings to fill orders. May supervise other cooks and
kitchen employees. May wash, peel, cut, and shred vegetables and fruits to prepare them for use.
May butcher chickens, fish, and shellfish. May cut, trim, and bone meat prior to cooking. May
bake bread, rolls, cakes, and pastry [BAKER (hotel & rest.) 313.381-010]. May price items on
menu. May be designated according to meal cooked or shift worked as Cook, Dinner (hotel &
rest.); Cook, Morning (hotel & rest.); or according to food item prepared as Cook, Roast (hotel &
rest.); or according to method of cooking as Cook, Broiler (hotel & rest.). May substitute for and
relieve or assist other cooks during emergencies or rush periods and be designated Cook, Relief
(hotel & rest.). May prepare and cook meals for institutionalized patients requiring special diets
and be designated Food-Service Worker (hotel & rest.). May be designated: Cook, Dessert (hotel
& rest.); Cook, Fry (hotel & rest.); Cook, Night (hotel & rest.); Cook, Sauce (hotel & rest.);
Cook, Soup (hotel & rest.); Cook, Special Diet (hotel & rest.); Cook, Vegetable (hotel & rest.).
May oversee work of patients assigned to kitchen for work therapy purposes when working in
313.361-018 COOK APPRENTICE (hotel & rest.)
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
313.361-026 COOK, SPECIALTY (hotel & rest.)
Prepares specialty foods, such as fish and chips, tacos, and
pasties (Cornish meat pies) according to recipe and specific methods applicable to type of
cookery. May serve orders to customers at window or counter. May prepare and serve beverages,
such as coffee, clam nectar, and fountain drinks. May be required to exercise showmanship in
preparation of food, such as flipping pancakes in air to turn or tossing pizza dough in air to
lighten texture. May be designated according to food item prepared as Cook, Fish And Chips
(hotel & rest.).
313.361-030 COOK, SPECIALTY, FOREIGN FOOD (hotel & rest.)
Plans menus and cooks foreign-style dishes, dinners, desserts,
and other foods, according to recipes: Prepares meats, soups, sauces, vegetables, and other foods
prior to cooking. Seasons and cooks food according to prescribed method. Portions and garnishes
food. Serves food to waiters on order. Estimates food consumption and requisitions or purchases
supplies. Usually employed in restaurant specializing in foreign cuisine, such as French,
Scandinavian, German, Swiss, Italian, Spanish, Hungarian, and Cantonese. May be designated
according to type of food specialty prepared as Cook, Chinese-Style Food (hotel & rest.); Cook,
Italian-Style Food (hotel & rest.); Cook, Kosher-Style Food (hotel & rest.); Cook, Spanish-Style
Food (hotel & rest.).
313.361-034 GARDE MANGER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cold-meat chef; cook, cold meat
Prepares such dishes as meat loaves and salads, utilizing
leftover meats, seafoods, and poultry: Consults with supervisory staff to determine dishes that
will use greatest amount of leftovers. Prepares appetizers, relishes, and hors d'oeuvres. Chops,
dices, and grinds meats and vegetables. Slices cold meats and cheese. Arranges and garnishes
cold meat dishes. Prepares cold meat sandwiches. Mixes and prepares cold sauces, meat glazes,
jellies, salad dressings, and stuffings. May supervise pantry workers. May follow recipes to
313.361-038 PIE MAKER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: baker, pie; cook, pastry; cook, pie; pie chef
Mixes ingredients and bakes pies, tarts, and cobblers,
according to recipes: Weighs and measures ingredients, using measuring cup and spoons. Mixes
ingredients by hand or with electric mixer to form piecrust dough. Rolls and shapes dough, using
rolling pin. Places portions of rolled dough in piepans and trims overlapping edges with knife.
Cuts, peels, and prepares fruit for pie fillings. Mixes and cooks ingredients for fillings, such as
creams and custards. Pours fillings into pie shells. Covers filling with top crust or spreads
topping, such as cream or meringue, over filling. Places pie in oven to bake. Adjusts drafts or
thermostatic controls to regulate oven temperatures. Usually found in restaurant or cafeteria
where no COOK, PASTRY (hotel & rest.) is employed and need not be able to bake other
desserts or pastries as opposed to COOK, PASTRY (hotel & rest.).
313.374-010 COOK, FAST FOOD (hotel & rest.)
Prepares and cooks to order foods requiring short preparation
time: Reads food order slip or receives verbal instructions as to food required by patron, and
prepares and cooks food according to instructions. Prepares sandwiches [SANDWICH MAKER
(hotel & rest.) 317.664-010]. Prepares salads and slices meats and cheese, using slicing machine,
[PANTRY GOODS MAKER (hotel & rest.) 317.684-014]. Cleans work area and food
preparation equipment. May prepare beverages [COFFEE MAKER (hotel & rest.) 317.684-010].
May serve meals to patrons over counter.
313.374-014 COOK, SHORT ORDER (hotel & rest.)
Prepares food and serves restaurant patrons at counters or
tables: Takes order from customer and cooks foods requiring short preparation time, according to
customer requirements. Completes order from steamtable and serves customer at table or
counter. Accepts payment and makes change, or writes charge slip. Carves meats, makes
sandwiches, and brews coffee. May clean food preparation equipment and work area. May clean
counter or tables.
313.381-010 BAKER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: baker, bread; bread maker; oven tender
Prepares bread, rolls, muffins, and biscuits according to
recipe: Checks production schedule to determine variety and quantity of goods to bake. Measures
ingredients, using measuring cups and spoons. Mixes ingredients to form dough or batter by
hand or using electric mixer. Cuts dough into uniform portions with knife or divider. Molds
dough into loaves or desired shapes. Places shaped dough in greased or floured pans. Spreads or
sprinkles topping, such as jelly, cinnamon, and poppy seeds on specialties. Places pans of dough
in proof box to rise. Inserts pans of raised dough in oven to bake, using peel. Adjusts drafts or
thermostatic controls to regulate oven temperature. Removes baked goods from oven and places
goods on cooling rack. May bake pies, cakes, cookies, and other pastries [COOK, PASTRY
(hotel & rest.)]. May be designated according to specialty baked as Baker, Biscuit (hotel & rest.);
Hot-Bread Baker (hotel & rest.); Rolls Baker (hotel & rest.); or according to shift worked as
Night Baker (hotel & rest.).
313.381-014 BAKER, PIZZA (hotel & rest.)
Prepares and bakes pizza pies: Measures ingredients, such as
flour, water, and yeast, using measuring cup, spoon, and scale. Dumps specified ingredients into
pan or bowl of mixing machine preparatory to mixing. Starts machine and observes operation
until ingredients are mixed to desired consistency. Stops machine and dumps dough into proof
box to allow dough to rise. Kneads fermented dough. Cuts out and weighs amount of dough
required to produce pizza pies of desired thickness. Shapes dough sections into balls or mounds
and sprinkles each section with flour to prevent crust forming until used. Greases pan. Stretches
or spreads dough mixture to size of pan. Places dough in pan and adds olive oil and tomato
puree, tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, meat, or other garnish on surface of dough, according to
kind of pizza ordered. Sets thermostatic controls and inserts pizza into heated oven to bake for
specified time. Removes product from oven and observes color to determine when pizza is done.
313.381-018 COOK APPRENTICE, PASTRY (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: baker apprentice, pastry
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
313.381-022 COOK, BARBECUE (hotel & rest.)
Prepares, seasons, and barbecues pork, beef, chicken, and
other types of meat: Builds fire in pit below spit, using hickory wood or other fuel to obtain bed
of live coals, or regulates gas or electric heat. Secures meat on spit which is slowly turned by
hand or electric motor to cook meat uniformly. Seasons meat and bastes it frequently during
roasting. May kill and dress animals or fowls or purchase meat from vendors. When cooking
whole pigs, may be designated Cook, Roast Pig (hotel & rest.).
313.381-026 COOK, PASTRY (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: baker, cake; baker, pastry; cake maker
Prepares and bakes cakes, cookies, pies, puddings, or
desserts, according to recipe: Measures ingredients, using measuring cups and spoons. Mixes
ingredients to form dough or batter, using electric mixer or beats and stirs ingredients by hand.
Shapes dough for cookies, pies, and fancy pastries, using pie dough roller and cookie cutters or
by hand. Places shaped dough portions in greased or floured pans and inserts them in oven, using
long-handled paddle (peel). Adjusts drafts or thermostatic controls to regulate oven temperatures.
Prepares and cooks ingredients for pie fillings, puddings, custards, or other desserts. Pours filling
into pie shells and tops filling with meringue or cream. Mixes ingredients to make icings.
Decorates cakes and pastries [CAKE DECORATOR (bakery products) 524.381-010]. Blends
colors for icings and for shaped sugar ornaments and statuaries. May specialize in preparing one
or more types of pastry or dessert when employed in large establishment. May oversee work of
patients assigned to kitchen for work therapy purposes when working in psychiatric hospital.
313.381-030 COOK, SCHOOL CAFETERIA (hotel & rest.)
Prepares soups, meats, vegetables, salads, dressings, and
desserts for consumption in school cafeteria, utilizing cafeteria equipment and cooking
experience. Specializes in providing lightly seasoned, nutritionally adequate, and varied diet.
Inspects equipment for cleanliness and functional operation. Work is usually performed with
other workers. May plan menus, order food supplies, and receive supplies delivered.
313.381-034 ICE-CREAM CHEF (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cook, frozen dessert; cook, ice cream
Mixes, cooks, and freezes ingredients to make frozen
desserts, such as sherbets, ice cream, and custards: Measures and cooks ingredients for frozen
desserts, according to recipes. Pours mixed ingredients into freezing machine reservoir, and starts
machine to churn and freeze ingredients. Removes frozen dessert mixture from machine. Stores
frozen desserts in refrigerated room or refrigerator. Molds ice cream or sherbet into various
shapes, such as flowers or emblems, using paddle and mold forms. Tints and decorates molded
figures with icing, using cream bag and tubes. Mixes and cooks sauces and syrups for use with
frozen desserts. May portion frozen desserts for waiters. May carve decorations out of ice.
313.684-010 BAKER HELPER (hotel & rest.)
Assists BAKER (hotel & rest.) by performing any
combination of following duties in bread-baking department: Carries and distributes supplies,
such as flour, shortening, and baking pans. Mixes, kneads, or shapes dough for bread, rolls,
muffins, or biscuits. Cuts dough into uniform portions. Greases pans used to mold or bake breads
and lines pans with waxed paper. Places pans of dough into oven to bake. Removes baked
products from oven. Cleans bakery utensils, equipment, and work area. Performs other duties as
described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
313.687-010 COOK HELPER, PASTRY (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: bakeshop cleaner; pastry helper
Assists pastry shop workers, performing any combination of
following duties: Carries and distributes supplies and equipment. Mixes, kneads, and shapes
dough or batter to make pies, cakes, cookies, and other pastries. Washes and cuts up fruits for
desserts and pies. Greases baking tins or lines them with waxed paper. Inserts cakes, pies, and
cookies into oven, and removes baked products. Portions pastries, desserts, and ice cream.
Washes and scours pots, pans, and other equipment. Performs other duties as described under
HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
315 MISCELLANEOUS COOKS, EXCEPT DOMESTIC
This group includes service occupations concerned with preparing and cooking food in places other than private houses, hotels, or restaurants.
315.131-010 COOK, CHIEF (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of kitchen personnel and
participates in preparation of meals aboard cargo ship: Collaborates with
STEWARD/STEWARDESS, CHIEF, CARGO VESSEL (water trans.) to plan menus.
Determines time and sequence of cooking operations to meet meal-serving hours. Directs
COOK, THIRD (water trans.); SECOND COOK AND BAKER (water trans.); and SCULLION
(water trans.) in preparation of foods. Inspects galley and galley equipment, such as pots, ovens,
and cutlery, for cleanliness. Butchers and prepares meat, fowl, and fish, and participates in
cooking of meats and sauces. May requisition supplies.
315.131-014 PASTRY CHEF (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in pastry
shop aboard passenger ship to produce puddings, icings, and fancy pastries, and creates new
recipes: Receives orders from CHEF, PASSENGER VESSEL (water trans.) to prepare
confections. Assigns specific baking tasks and directs workers in task performance. Measures
and mixes ingredients, such as flour, flavoring, and fruit, to form concoctions. Kneads dough into
desired shape and places dough in oven. Turns oven controls to regulate temperatures and to set
time cycle for baking products. Decorates products with icing designs, using spatula and cream
bag. Creates new designs and recipes. Inspects pastry shop, baking equipment, and workers for
cleanliness. Requisitions supplies and equipment.
315.137-010 CHEF, PASSENGER VESSEL (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of kitchen workers to
prepare and cook food aboard passenger ship: Collaborates with STEWARD/STEWARDESS,
CHIEF, PASSENGER SHIP (water trans.) to plan menus. Determines time and sequence of
cooking operations to meet meal-serving hours. Delegates to SOUS CHEF (water trans.)
responsibility for preparation of food. Directs cooks, bakers, butchers, and other kitchen
personnel engaged in preparing, cooking, and serving food. Inspects galleys, bakery, and butcher
shop for cleanliness. Requisitions food and galley supplies. Estimates cost of food consumed and
compiles cost control records. Authorizes personnel to work overtime.
315.137-014 SOUS CHEF (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of kitchen workers to
prepare and cook food aboard passenger ship: Receives menus planned by CHEF, PASSENGER
VESSEL (water trans.) and STEWARD/STEWARDESS, CHIEF, PASSENGER SHIP (water
trans.). Determines kinds and amounts of foodstuffs necessary to prepare items listed on menus.
Plans sequence and time of cooking operations to meet meal-serving hours. Assigns specific
tasks to cooks of several galleys. Directs cooks performing tasks. Determines size of food
portions and observes workers serving food. Evaluates and solves problems encountered, such as
substituting items on menus, reusing cooked food, and reducing excess waste and spoilage.
Inspects galleys, pantries, serving stations, and butchering and baking shops for cleanliness. May
assist in cooking tasks and in preparing hot and cold canapes and hors d'oeuvres for banquets,
cocktail parties, and other social functions.
315.361-010 COOK (any industry) alternate titles: cook, mess
Prepares and cooks family-style meals for crews or residents
and employees of institutions: Cooks foodstuffs in quantities according to menu and number of
persons to be served. Washes dishes. Bakes breads and pastry [BAKER (hotel & rest.)]. Cuts
meat [BUTCHER, MEAT (hotel & rest.)]. Plans menu taking advantage of foods in season and
local availability. May serve meals. May order supplies and keep records and accounts. May
direct activities of one or more workers who assist in preparing and serving meals. May be
designated according to work location as Cook, Camp (any industry); Cook, Institution (any
industry); Cook, Ranch (agriculture); Cook, Ship (water trans.).
315.361-022 COOK, STATION (water trans.)
Prepares, seasons, and cooks food on menu from station
aboard passenger vessel: Prepares sauces, dressings, puddings, or relishes to be served with dish.
Gives directions for setting up station so that food, garnishes, and service equipment are arranged
in serving order. Portions and places food on plate, and arranges garnishes on plate. Must be
certified as Food Handler and as Cook by U.S. Coast Guard. May be required to hold Life
Boatman certificate. May be designated according to station as Cook, Station, Grill (water
trans.); according to meal prepared as Cook, Station, Breakfast (water trans.); or according to
food prepared as Cook, Station, Roast (water trans.); Cook, Station, Soup And Fish (water
315.371-010 COOK, MESS (water trans.) alternate titles: cook, boat; cook, ship
Cooks and serves meals to crew on passenger ship: Cleans,
cuts, and cooks meat, fish, and poultry. Serves food to crewmembers. Washes dishes and cleans
galley and galley equipment. Requisitions supplies. Compiles cost records of food used.
315.381-010 COOK (fishing & hunt.) alternate titles: cook, fishing vessel
Prepares meals for crew and officers on board fishing vessel
or in shore fishery establishment. May assist in actual fishing. May purchase food supplies.
315.381-014 COOK, LARDER (water trans.) alternate titles: garde manger
Prepares cold plate entrees, appetizers, and cocktails for lunch
and dinner service, and makes canapes, hors d'oeuvres, and sandwiches for buffets: Slices roast,
such as beef, veal, pork, and lamb, for cold plates or sandwiches. Cuts luncheon meats, such as
head cheese, pork loaf, veal loaf, and ham. Mixes gelatins, grinds up leftover meats, and prepares
hot and cold canapes, hors d'oeuvres, and goose liver pate to be served as appetizers. Prepares
sandwiches for pantry service outside of meal hours. May prepare food showpieces. Mixes
sauces and various seafoods, such as crab, lobster, and shrimp, to prepare cocktails.
315.381-018 COOK, RAILROAD (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: chef
Prepares, seasons, and cooks food in railroad dining car,
following recipes for preplanned menus: Broils steaks, chops, fish, and poultry. Toasts bread and
prepares waffles and pancakes, using prepared mixes. Mixes ingredients for cooked and
uncooked desserts, such as pudding, custard, gelatin, and fruit desserts. Washes, peels, cuts,
seeds, and cooks vegetables. May inventory supplies of food and prepare requisitions. May carve
meats. May supervise other kitchen workers. May be designated according to specialties
prepared as Cook, Fry (r.r. trans.). When preparing and serving food to passengers in Pullman
Lounge (combination sleeping and dining car) may be designated Pullman Attendant (r.r. trans.).
315.381-022 COOK, THIRD (water trans.)
Prepares and cooks food aboard cargo vessel: Cleans, cuts,
and cooks meat, fish, and poultry as directed by COOK, CHIEF (water trans.). Apportions food
for servings. Cleans pots, pans, ranges, and other cooking equipment.
315.381-026 SECOND COOK AND BAKER (water trans.)
Prepares food aboard cargo vessel, as directed by COOK,
CHIEF (water trans.): Bakes bread, rolls, and pastries. Cooks vegetables and prepares desserts.
Cleans baking area. May apportion cooked foods on plates.
316 MEATCUTTERS, EXCEPT IN SLAUGHTERING AND PACKING HOUSES
This group includes occupations concerned with cutting and otherwise preparing meat for cooking in hotels and restaurants, or for sale in wholesale or retail trade. Meatcutter occupations in slaughtering and packing houses or centralized meat processing plants are included in Group 525.
316.661-010 CARVER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: display carver; exhibition carver; meat carver
Carves individual portions from roasts and poultry to obtain
maximum number of meat portions, using carving knives and meat-slicing machines: Disjoints
roasts and poultry. Slices uniform portions of meat and places sliced meat in steamtable
container, or arranges individual portions on plate. Ladles gravy over food and garnishes plate.
Removes shells from seafood and bones fish, using forks. May weigh sliced meat to ensure that
portions are uniform. May serve food from steamtable. May serve customers
[WAITER/WAITRESS, FORMAL (hotel & rest.)].
316.681-010 BUTCHER, MEAT (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: butcher; meat cutter
Cuts, trims, bones, ties, and grinds meats, using butcher's
cutlery and powered equipment, such as electric grinder and bandsaw, to portion and prepare
meat in cooking form: Cuts, trims, and bones carcass sections or prime cuts, using knives, meat
saw, cleaver, and bandsaw, to reduce to cooking cuts, such as roasts, steaks, chops, stew cubes,
and grinding meat. Cuts and weighs steaks and chops for individual servings. Tends electric
grinder to grind meat. Shapes and ties roasts. May estimate requirements and requisition or order
meat supply. May receive, inspect, and store meat upon delivery. May record quantity of meat
received and issued to cooks. May clean fowl and fish [BUTCHER, CHICKEN AND FISH
(hotel & rest.)]. May oversee other butchers and be designated Butcher, Head (hotel & rest.).
316.684-010 BUTCHER, CHICKEN AND FISH (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: chicken-and-fish cleaner; poultry-and-fish butcher
Butchers and cleans fowl, fish, and shellfish preparatory to
cooking: Cleans and prepares fowl, fish, and shellfish, using knife and fork. Discards inedible
parts. Cuts up fowl, using knife and cleaver or bandsaw. Bones game fowl and fish, using boning
knife. Reshapes boned fowl into natural form for cooking and serving. Cuts fillets and steaks
from fish. May butcher poultry in retail establishment and be designated Sales Clerk, Fresh
Poultry (retail trade).
316.684-014 DELI CUTTER-SLICER (retail trade)
Cuts delicatessen meats and cheeses, using slicing machine,
knives, or other cutters: Places meat or cheese on cutting board and cuts slices to designated
thickness, using knives or other hand cutters. Positions and clamps meat or cheese on carriage of
slicing machine. Adjusts knob to set machine for desired thickness. Presses button to start motor
that moves carriage past rotary blade that slices meats and cheeses. Stacks cut pieces on tray or
platter, separating portions with paper. May weigh and wrap sliced foods and affix sticker
showing price and weight.
316.684-018 MEAT CUTTER (retail trade; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: butcher; salesperson, meats
Cuts and trims meat to size for display or as ordered by
customer, using handtools and power equipment, such as grinder, cubing machine, and power
saw. Cleans and cuts fish and poultry. May shape, lace, and tie meat cuts by hand, using boning
knife, skewer, and twine to form roasts. May place meat in containers to be wrapped by other
workers. May place meat on trays in display counter. May clean work area. May unload meat
from delivery truck and store meat into refrigerator. May wrap and weigh meat for customers and
collect money for sales. May inspect and grade meats and be designated Meat Inspector (retail
trade; wholesale tr.).
316.684-022 MEAT-CUTTER APPRENTICE (retail trade; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: butcher apprentice; salesperson apprentice, meats
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
317 MISCELLANEOUS FOOD AND BEVERAGE PREPARATION OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with preparing food and beverages.
317.384-010 SALAD MAKER (water trans.)
Prepares salads, fruits, melons, and gelatin desserts: Cleans
vegetables, fruits, and berries for salads, relishes, and gelatin desserts. Mixes ingredients for
green salads, fruit salads, and potato salad. Prepares relish plates of green onions, celery,
radishes, and olives. Prepares dressings, such as Thousand Island, French, and Roquefort, to be
served on green salads. Peels, cleans, and cuts fruits, to be served for breakfast or compotes.
Prepares cold sandwiches and cheeses. Requisitions supplies daily.
317.664-010 SANDWICH MAKER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: sandwich-counter attendant
Prepares sandwiches to individual order of customers:
Receives sandwich orders from customers. Slices cold meats and cheese by hand or machine.
Selects and cuts bread, such as white, whole wheat, or rye, and toasts or grills bread, according to
order. Places meat or filling and garnish, such as chopped or sliced onion and lettuce, between
bread slices. Prepares garnishes for sandwiches, such as sliced tomatoes and pickles. May cook,
mix, and season ingredients to make dressings, fillings, and spreads. May fry hamburgers, bacon,
steaks, and eggs for hot sandwiches. May butter bread slices, using knife.
317.684-010 COFFEE MAKER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: coffee-urn attendant
Brews coffee, tea, and chocolate, using coffee urns, drip or
vacuum coffee makers, teapots, drink mixers, and other kitchen equipment. Performs various
duties to assist in filling customers' orders, such as cooking hot cakes and waffles, boiling eggs,
and making toast [PANTRY GOODS MAKER (hotel & rest.)]. Cleans and polishes utensils and
equipment used in food and beverage preparation. May serve coffee. May prepare and issue iced
beverages, such as coffee, tea, and fountain or bottled drinks, to be served by COUNTER
ATTENDANT, LUNCHROOM OR COFFEE SHOP (hotel & rest.).
317.684-014 PANTRY GOODS MAKER (hotel & rest.)
Prepares salads, appetizers, sandwich fillings, and other cold
dishes: Washes, peels, slices, and mixes vegetables, fruits, or other ingredients for salads, cold
plates, and garnishes. Carves and slices meats and cheese. Portions and arranges food on serving
dishes. Prepares fruit or seafood cocktails and hors d'oeuvres. Measures and mixes ingredients to
make salad dressings, cocktail sauces, gelatin salads, cold desserts, and waffles, following
recipes. Makes sandwiches to order [SANDWICH MAKER (hotel & rest.) 317.664-010]. Brews
tea and coffee [COFFEE MAKER (hotel & rest.) 317.684-010]. Prepares breakfast and dessert
fruits, such as melons, grapefruit, and bananas. Portions fruit sauces and juices. Distributes food
to waiters/waitresses to serve to customers. May serve food to customers. May be designated
Salad Maker (hotel & rest.) when specializing in making salads.
317.687-010 COOK HELPER (hotel & rest.)
Assists workers engaged in preparing foods for hotels,
restaurants, or ready-to-serve packages by performing any combination of following duties:
Washes, peels, cuts, and seeds vegetables and fruits. Cleans, cuts, and grinds meats, poultry, and
seafood. Dips food items in crumbs, flour, and batter to bread them. Stirs and strains soups and
sauces. Weighs and measures designated ingredients. Carries pans, kettles, and trays of food to
and from work stations, stove, and refrigerator. Stores foods in designated areas, utilizing
knowledge of temperature requirements and food spoilage. Cleans work areas, equipment and
utensils, segregates and removes garbage, and steam-cleans or hoses garbage containers
[KITCHEN HELPER (hotel & rest.) 318.687-010]. Distributes supplies, utensils, and portable
equipment, using handtruck. May be designated according to worker assisted as Cook Helper,
Broiler or Fry (hotel & rest.); Cook Helper, Dessert (hotel & rest.); Cook Helper, Vegetable
(hotel & rest.); Pantry Goods Maker Helper (hotel & rest.). Performs other duties as described
under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
318 KITCHEN WORKERS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with performing such duties as washing and drying dishes; polishing silverware; and disposing of garbage and trash.
318.137-010 KITCHEN STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.)
Supervises kitchen employees not actively engaged in
cooking to ensure clean, efficient, and economical food service: Assigns KITCHEN HELPER
(hotel & rest.) and other noncooking employees to such activities as dishwashing and silver
cleaning. Inspects kitchens, workrooms, and equipment for cleanliness and order. Hires and
discharges employees, and posts time and production records. Observes and evaluates
employees' performance to devise methods for improving efficiency and guard against theft and
wastage. Takes inventories of china, silverware, and glassware. Reports shortages and
requisitions replacement of equipment from STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.) or
PURCHASING AGENT (profess. & kin.). May be working supervisor in establishments
employing an EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.), who devotes full time to supervising kitchen
employees. May be designated according to area of work as Pantry Steward/Stewardess (hotel &
318.687-010 KITCHEN HELPER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cookee; cook helper; kitchen hand; kitchen porter; kitchen runner
Performs any combination of following duties to maintain
kitchen work areas and restaurant equipment and utensils in clean and orderly condition: Sweeps
and mops floors. Washes worktables, walls, refrigerators, and meat blocks. Segregates and
removes trash and garbage and places it in designated containers. Steam-cleans or hoses-out
garbage cans. Sorts bottles, and breaks disposable ones in bottle-crushing machine. Washes pots,
pans, and trays by hand. Scrapes food from dirty dishes and washes them by hand or places them
in racks or on conveyor to dishwashing machine. Polishes silver, using burnishing-machine
tumbler, chemical dip, buffing wheel, and hand cloth. Holds inverted glasses over revolving
brushes to clean inside surfaces. Transfers supplies and equipment between storage and work
areas by hand or by use of handtruck. Sets up banquet tables. Washes and peels vegetables, using
knife or peeling machine. Loads or unloads trucks picking up or delivering supplies and food.
318.687-014 SCULLION (water trans.)
Performs any combination of tasks involved in cleaning ship's
galleys, bakery, and butcher shop: Cleans pots and pans, dishes, chopping blocks, and service
stations, by hand or using dishwashing machine. Polishes silver chafing dishes and coffee pots.
Places washed glasses in rack to prevent breakage. Defrosts and cleans reefers and iceboxes.
Cleans and culls vegetables and fruits. Dumps garbage and cleans can. Swabs deck of assigned
area. Carries supplies from reefers and storerooms to galleys, pantries, bakery, and butcher shop.
Stocks serving stations with dishes and stores. May be designated according to type of work
performed as Baker Scullion (water trans.); Butcher Scullion (water trans.); Glass Scullion (water
trans.); Silverware Washer (water trans.); Vegetable Scullion (water trans.); or according to area
to which assigned as Main-Galley Scullion (water trans.). May give directions to workers and be
designated Scullion Chief (water trans.). When work is performed on cargo ship, is usually
known as Utility Hand (water trans.).
318.687-018 SILVER WRAPPER (hotel & rest.)
Spreads silverware on absorbent cloth to remove moisture.
Wraps individual place settings in napkins or inserts them with prescribed accessory condiments
in plastic bag and closes bag with electric sealer. May immerse silverware in cleaning solution to
remove soap stains before wrapping. May place tarnished and bent eating utensils aside.
319 FOOD AND BEVERAGE PREPARATION AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with food and beverage preparation and service.
319.137-010 FOOD-SERVICE SUPERVISOR (hotel & rest.)
Supervises employees engaged in serving food in hospital,
nursing home, school, or similar institutions, and in maintaining cleanliness of food service areas
and equipment: Trains workers in performance of duties. Assigns and coordinates work of
employees to promote efficiency of operations. Supervises serving of meals. Inspects kitchen and
dining areas and kitchen utensils and equipment to ensure sanitary standards are met. Keeps
records, such as amount and cost of meals served and hours worked by employees. Requisitions
and inspects foodstuffs, supplies, and equipment to maintain stock levels and ensure standards of
quality are met. Prepares work schedules and evaluates work performance of employees. May
direct preparation of foods and beverages. May assist DIETITIAN, CLINICAL (profess. & kin.)
077.127-014 in planning menus. May interview, select, or hire new employees. When
supervising workers engaged in tray assembly, may be designated Tray-Line Supervisor (medical
319.137-014 MANAGER, FLIGHT KITCHEN (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of kitchen employees
engaged in purchasing and preparing food and supplies for food service department of airline:
Reviews reservations and flight information to ascertain and compute types and quantities of
food needed. Orders and schedules delivery of food and supplies from local vendors. Prepares
work schedules for kitchen personnel to ensure presence of requisite labor force on each shift.
Oversees and coordinates work of cooks and other kitchen employees engaged in preparing
meals to ensure adherence to recipes and quality standards. Controls alcoholic beverage supply
by perpetual inventory and prepares government forms as prescribed by law to account for
consumption of taxable and nontaxable beverages. Inspects kitchen for conformance to
government and company safety and sanitation requirements. Participates in collective
bargaining and settling of union grievances involving department employees.
319.137-018 MANAGER, INDUSTRIAL CAFETERIA (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: dining-service supervisor
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
preparing and serving balanced meals to employees of industrial plant: Plans daily menus to
accommodate employees of all shifts, keeping expenses within budget. Purchases and keeps
adequate supply of food and oversees storage and issuance of supplies. Supervises subordinates
and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing food, serving meals, and cleaning
kitchen and dining room. Keeps records and makes reports of expenditures. Cooperates with
medical personnel in providing special diets for employees requiring individual attention. May
distribute pamphlets on food and health habits to employees. May balance receipts and prepare
bank deposit slip. May interview and hire new workers.
319.137-022 SUPERVISOR, COMMISSARY PRODUCTION (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: cooked foods supervisor
Supervises and coordinates activities of commissary workers
engaged in preparing, assembling, packaging, and shipping ready-to-eat food items: Checks
inventories and orders foodstuffs and supplies. Prescribes quantities, production sequence, and
time for items to be prepared, cooked, assembled, and packaged to meet production schedule.
Specifies arrangement of equipment, work stations, and staffing to prepare for production.
Explains and demonstrates work methods to train employees and establish size of food portions.
Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
319.137-026 SUPERVISOR, KOSHER DIETARY SERVICE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: moshgiach; overseer, kosher kitchen; supervisor, kashruth
Supervises workers engaged in storing, preparing, and
cooking meats, poultry, and other foods in restaurants, catering halls, hospitals, or other
establishments to ensure observance of Hebrew dietary laws and customs: Examines incoming
purchases of meat and fowl to ensure that slaughtering and selection of meat cuts have been
performed according to dietary law. Inspects equipment, utensils, and food supplies to ascertain
that separation of dairy and meat products is maintained and that kosher foods and supplies are
kept separate from nonkosher foods. Ensures that silverware, dishes, and utensils are sent to
prescribed meat kitchen or dairy kitchen for washing. Washes and salts meat and fowl in
accordance with Hebrew ritual. Directs kitchen staff in methods of complying with dietary laws.
319.137-030 KITCHEN SUPERVISOR (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: dietary assistant; manager, kitchen
Supervises and coordinates activities of food preparation,
kitchen, pantry, and storeroom personnel and purchases or requisitions foodstuffs and kitchen
supplies: Plans or participates in planning menus, preparing and apportioning foods, and utilizing
food surpluses and leftovers. Specifies number of servings to be made from any vegetable, meat,
beverage, and dessert to control portion costs. Supervises noncooking personnel, such as
KITCHEN HELPER (hotel & rest.) 318.687-010, to ensure cleanliness of kitchen and
equipment. Supervises COOK (hotel & rest.) 313.361-014 and tastes, smells, and observes food
to ensure conformance with recipes and appearance standards. Supervises workers engaged in
inventory, storage, and distribution of foodstuffs and supplies. Purchases foodstuffs, kitchen
supplies, and equipment, or requisitions them from PURCHASING AGENT (profess. & kin.)
162.157-038. Hires and discharges employees. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as
described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May set prices to be charged for
food items. May meet with professional staff, customers, or client group to resolve menu
inconsistencies or to plan menus for special occasions. May assist dietitian to plan, change, test,
and standardize recipes to increase number of servings prepared. This job occurs typically in
restaurants, cafeterias, and institutions as opposed to STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.)
310.137-018 which occurs typically in hotels.
319.464-010 AUTOMAT-CAR ATTENDANT (r.r. trans.)
Stocks automatic food dispensing machines on railroad
passenger car, makes change, and answers passengers' queries regarding food selections: Places
portions of specified foods, beverages, and desserts on shelves in machine. Inserts labels below
windows of machines to indicate type of food or drink on shelf and available for dispensing.
Makes change for passengers and answers questions concerning selections. Observes gauges
registering temperature in machine to ensure that food and drink is kept cool or warm. Corrects
jamming and common malfunctions of machines. Prepares requisition for food and drink
supplies. Cleans interior and exterior of machines, using damp cloth. Removes refuse from tables
and wipes them clean.
319.464-014 VENDING-MACHINE ATTENDANT (hotel & rest.)
Stocks machines and assists customers in facility where food
is dispensed from coin-operated machines: Places food or drink items on shelves of vending
machines and changes shelf labels as required to indicate selections. Makes change for customers
and answers questions regarding selections. Adjusts temperature gauges to maintain food items
at specified temperatures. Performs minor repairs or adjustments on machines to correct jams or
similar malfunctions, using handtools. Prepares requisitions for food and drink supplies. Cleans
interior and exterior of machines, using damp cloth. Maintains eating area in orderly condition.
May sell precooked foods from hot table. May remove money from vending machines and keep
records of receipts.
319.467-010 FOOD ORDER EXPEDITER (hotel & rest.)
Calls out and verifies food orders in drive-in restaurant or
restaurant specializing in fast service: Removes order placed on device, such as wheel or nail
board, at kitchen service counter. Calls out food orders to cooks and pantry and fountain workers.
Examines portioning and garnishing of completed food order. Reviews order for accuracy and
tabulates check. Notifies serving personnel when order is ready. May record count of items, such
as entrees drawn from supply or entrees served, to accumulate food control data. May prepare
and cook foods that can be completed in short time [COOK, FAST FOOD (hotel & rest.)
319.474-010 FOUNTAIN SERVER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: fountain dispenser; ice cream dispenser; soda clerk; soda dispenser; soda jerker
Prepares and serves soft drinks and ice cream dishes, such as
ice cream sundaes, malted milks, sodas, and fruitades, using memorized formulas and methods or
following directions. Cleans glasses, dishes, and fountain equipment and polishes metalwork on
fountain. May prepare and serve sandwiches [SANDWICH MAKER (hotel & rest.)
317.664-010] or other foods [COUNTER ATTENDANT, LUNCHROOM OR COFFEE SHOP
(hotel & rest.) 311.477-014]. May verify and total customer's bill, accept cash, and make change.
319.484-010 FOOD ASSEMBLER, KITCHEN (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: dining-service worker; food assembler, commissary kitchen; food-tray assembler; supply service worker; tray setter
Prepares meal trays in commissary kitchen for inflight service
of airlines, multiunit restaurant chains, industrial caterers, or educational, and similar institutions,
performing any combination of following duties: Reads charts to determine amount and kind of
foods and supplies to be packaged. Fills individual serving cartons with portions of various foods
and condiments, such as cream, jams, and sauces, by hand or using automatic filling machine.
Portions and garnishes hot cooked foods, such as meat and vegetables, into individual serving
dishes. Stores dishes of hot food on shelves of portable electric warming cabinet or food cart for
stowing aboard airplane or transfer to restaurant or cafeteria dining unit. Removes pans of
portioned salads, desserts, rolls, cream, and other cold food items from refrigerator or pantry, and
places at appropriate stations of tray assembly counter to facilitate loading meal trays. Places
food items, silverware, and dishes in depression of compartmented food tray passing on
conveyor belt. Examines filled tray for completeness and appearance, and stores completed trays
in refrigerated storage cabinets to be transported to airplane, dining room, or cafeteria. May be
designated according to type of food assembled as Appetizer Packer (hotel & rest.); Casserole
Preparer (hotel & rest.); Cold-Food Packer (hotel & rest.); Hot-Food Packer (hotel & rest.).
319.677-010 CATERER HELPER (personal ser.)
Prepares and serves food and refreshments at social affairs,
under supervision of CATERER (personal ser.): Arranges tables and decorations. Prepares hors
d'oeuvres, fancy and plain sandwiches, and salads. Serves foods and beverages to guests. Washes
and packs dishes and utensils for removal to catering establishment.
319.677-014 FOOD-SERVICE WORKER, HOSPITAL (medical ser.) alternate titles: dietary aide; tray worker
Prepares and delivers food trays to hospital patients,
performing any combination of following duties on tray line: Reads production orders on
color-coded menu cards on trays to determine items to place on tray. Places items, such as eating
utensils, napkins, and condiments on trays. Prepares food items, such as sandwiches, salads,
soups, and beverages. Places servings in blender to make foods for soft or liquid diets.
Apportions and places food servings on plates and trays according to diet list on menu card.
Examines filled tray for completeness and places on cart, dumbwaiter, or conveyor belt. Pushes
carts to halls or ward kitchen. Serves trays to patients. Collects and stacks dirty dishes on cart
and returns cart to kitchen. Washes dishes and cleans work area, tables, cabinets, and ovens.
Collects and places garbage and trash in designated containers. May record amount and types of
special food items served to patients. May assemble and serve food items to hospital staff in
319.687-010 COUNTER-SUPPLY WORKER (hotel & rest.)
Replenishes food and equipment at steamtables and serving
counters of cafeteria to facilitate service to patrons: Carries food, dishes, trays, and silverware
from kitchen and supply departments to serving counters. Garnishes foods and positions them on
table to ensure their visibility to patrons and convenience in serving. Keeps assigned area and
equipment free of spilled foods. Keeps shelves of vending machines stocked with food when
working in automat.
32 LODGING AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with providing accommodations to guests in boarding houses or lodging houses.
320 BOARDING-HOUSE AND LODGING-HOUSE KEEPERS
This group includes occupations concerned with managing boarding or rooming houses to provide accommodations for transients and permanent guests.
320.137-010 MANAGER, BOARDING HOUSE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: manager, guest house
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in boarding
house engaged in providing meals and lodging accommodations for transients and permanent
guests: Advertises vacancies and shows and rents rooms. Supervises household employees
engaged in such tasks as cleaning rooms, issuing linens, and cooking and serving meals. Plans
menus and purchases supplies. Collects rents, pays bills, and posts information in records.
Resolves complaints regarding food, accommodations, or service. May participate in cleaning
and cooking activities. May make minor repairs to building and furnishings. When meal service
is not provided, is designated Manager, Rooming House (hotel & rest.).
320.137-014 MANAGER, LODGING FACILITIES (hotel & rest.)
Manages and maintains temporary or permanent lodging
facilities, such as small apartment houses, motels, small hotels, trailer parks, and boat marinas:
Shows and rents or assigns accommodations. Registers guests. Collects rents and records data
pertaining to rent funds and expenditures. Resolves occupants' complaints. Purchases supplies
and arranges for outside services, such as fuel delivery, laundry, maintenance and repair, and
trash collection. Provides telephone answering service for tenants, delivers mail and packages,
and answers inquiries concerning travel routes, recreational facilities, scenic attractions, and
eating establishments. Cleans public areas, such as entrances, halls, and laundry rooms, and fires
boilers. Makes minor electrical, plumbing, and structural repairs. Mows and waters lawns, and
cultivates flower beds and shrubbery. Cleans accommodations after guests' departure. Provides
daily maid service in overnight accommodations. May rent equipment, such as rowboats, water
skis, and fishing tackle. May coordinate intramural activities of patrons of park. May arrange for
medical aid for park patron. May sell light lunches, candy, tobacco, and other sundry items. May
be designated according to type of establishment managed as Manager, Apartment House (hotel
& rest.); Manager, Hotel (hotel & rest.); Manager, Marina (hotel & rest.); Manager, Motel (hotel
& rest.); Manager, Tourist Camp (hotel & rest.); Manager, Trailer Park (hotel & rest.).
321 HOUSEKEEPERS, HOTELS AND INSTITUTIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with supervising workers in maintaining cleanliness and orderliness in hotels or institutions. Some housekeepers purchase housekeeping supplies and equipment and take periodic inventories.
321.137-010 HOUSEKEEPER (hotel & rest.; medical ser.; real estate) alternate titles: floor housekeeper
Supervises work activities of cleaning personnel to ensure
clean, orderly attractive rooms in hotels, hospitals, and similar establishments: Obtains list of
vacant rooms which need to be cleaned immediately and list of prospective check-outs or
discharges in order to prepare work assignments. Assigns workers their duties, and inspects work
for conformance to prescribed standards of cleanliness. Advises manager, desk clerk, or
admitting personnel of rooms ready for occupancy. Inventories stock to ensure adequate supplies.
Issues supplies and equipment to workers. Investigates complaints regarding housekeeping
service and equipment, and takes corrective action. Examines rooms, halls, and lobbies to
determine need for repairs or replacement of furniture or equipment, and makes
recommendations to management. Screens job applicants, hires new employees, and
recommends promotions, transfers, or dismissals. Conducts orientation training of new
employees and in-service training of other employees to explain company policies, housekeeping
work procedures, and to demonstrate use and maintenance of equipment. Attends training
seminars to perfect housekeeping techniques and procedures, and enhance supervisory skills.
Records data concerning work assignments, personnel actions, and time cards, and prepares
periodic reports. Attends periodic staff meetings with other department heads to discuss company
policies and patrons' complaints, and to make recommendations to improve service and ensure
more efficient operation. May prepare reports concerning room occupancy, payroll expenses, and
321.137-014 INSPECTOR (hotel & rest.)
Supervises cleaning personnel and inspects hotel guestrooms,
bathrooms, corridors, and lobbies: Assigns work to cleaning personnel and trains personnel in
housekeeping duties. Posts room occupancy records. Adjusts guests' complaints regarding
housekeeping service or equipment. Writes requisitions for room supplies and furniture
renovation or replacements. Reports need for room redecoration to HOUSEKEEPER (hotel &
rest.; medical ser.; real estate). Examines carpets, drapes and furniture for stains, damage, or
wear. Checks and counts linens and supplies. Records inspection results and notifies cleaning
personnel of inadequacies. May perform cleaning duties. May be designated according to area
supervised as Floor Supervisor (hotel & rest.).
323 HOUSECLEANERS, HOTELS, RESTAURANTS, AND RELATED ESTABLISHMENTS
This group includes occupations concerned with general cleaning and upkeep in hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and other institutions. Includes heavy duties, such as laying carpets and rugs and arranging furniture, and light duties, such as making beds, dusting furniture and fixtures, and replenishing linens. Includes performing minor personal services for guests.
323.137-010 SUPERVISOR, HOUSECLEANER (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
preparing establishment's facilities for banquets and conventions: Assigns duties and instructs
workers in collection, assembly, and arrangement of articles for convention or banquet hall and
conference rooms, such as furnishings, decorations, displays, microphones, and tableware.
Inspects facilities for completeness of arrangements and instructs personnel to correct errors.
Prepares daily work assignments roster and maintains work performance records. May perform
cleaning duties for banquets and conventions and may interview and hire [HOUSECLEANER
(hotel & rest.)].
323.687-010 CLEANER, HOSPITAL (medical ser.) alternate titles: housekeeper, hospital
Cleans hospital patient rooms, baths, laboratories, offices,
halls, and other areas: Washes beds and mattresses, and remakes beds after dismissal of patients.
Keeps utility and storage rooms in clean and orderly condition. Distributes laundered articles and
linens. Replaces soiled drapes and cubicle curtains. Performs other duties as described under
CLEANER (any industry) I Master Title. May disinfect and sterilize equipment and supplies,
using germicides and sterilizing equipment.
323.687-014 CLEANER, HOUSEKEEPING (any industry) alternate titles: maid
Cleans rooms and halls in commercial establishments, such as
hotels, restaurants, clubs, beauty parlors, and dormitories, performing any combination of
following duties: Sorts, counts, folds, marks, or carries linens. Makes beds. Replenishes supplies,
such as drinking glasses and writing supplies. Checks wraps and renders personal assistance to
patrons. Moves furniture, hangs drapes, and rolls carpets. Performs other duties as described
under CLEANER (any industry) I Master Title. May be designated according to type of
establishment cleaned as Beauty Parlor Cleaner (personal ser.); Motel Cleaner (hotel & rest.); or
according to area cleaned as Sleeping Room Cleaner (hotel & rest.).
323.687-018 HOUSECLEANER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: hall cleaner; mover; night cleaner
Performs any combination of following duties to maintain
hotel premises in clean and orderly manner: Moves and arranges furniture. Turns mattresses.
Hangs draperies. Dusts venetian blinds. Polishes metalwork. Prepares sample rooms for sales
meetings. Arranges decorations, apparatus, or furniture for banquets and social functions.
Collects soiled linens for laundering, and receives and stores linen supplies in linen closet.
Performs other duties as described under CLEANER (any industry) I Master Title. May deliver
television sets, ironing boards, baby cribs, and rollaway beds to guests rooms. May clean
swimming pool with vacuum. May clean and remove debris from driveway and garage areas.
May be designated according to specialization as Curtain Cleaner (hotel & rest.); Housecleaner,
Floor (hotel & rest.); Linen-Room Worker (hotel & rest.); Porter, Lobby (hotel & rest.); Vacuum
Worker (hotel & rest.).
324 BELLHOPS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with catering to wants of guests at a hotel or related establishment, and performing general services, such as escorting guests to rooms, carrying luggage, running errands, delivering ice, beverages, and packages, and paging guests.
324.137-010 BAGGAGE PORTER, HEAD (hotel & rest.)
Supervises and directs activities of PORTERS, BAGGAGE
(hotel & rest.) engaged in handling baggage and related work for hotel patrons: Adjusts work
schedules according to work load and makes individual task assignments. Advises PORTERS,
BAGGAGE (hotel & rest.) of action to be taken in response to unusual requests. Resolves guests'
complaints pertaining to conduct of PORTERS, BAGGAGE (hotel & rest.) and lost or
mishandled baggage. May perform personnel duties, such as screening, hiring, giving directions
to new workers, and maintaining time records. May give travel information. May act as agent for
transportation company. May participate in baggage handling activities and setting up sample
324.137-014 BELL CAPTAIN (hotel & rest.)
Supervises BELLHOPS (hotel & rest.) engaged in duties,
such as paging, running errands, and giving information. Calls BELLHOPS (hotel & rest.) to
escort guests to rooms or perform related services. Determines work schedules and keeps time
records. Inspects workers for neatness and uniform dress. Instructs workers in procedures
regarding requests from guests, utilizing knowledge of hotel facilities and local merchants and
attractions. Furnishes information, makes reservations, and obtains tickets for guests to social
and recreational events or for travel. May report suspicious behavior of patrons to hotel security
personnel. May pick up and bundle guests' laundry for outside cleaning service. May perform
duties of subordinates.
324.477-010 PORTER, BAGGAGE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: porter, luggage
Delivers luggage to and from hotel rooms, sets up sample
rooms for sales personnel and performs related services as requested by guest or BAGGAGE
PORTER, HEAD (hotel & rest.). Transfers trunks, packages, and other baggage to room or
loading area, using handtruck. Arranges for outgoing freight, express or mail shipments,
computes charges, tags article, and records information, such as addressee, addressor, carrier, and
charges, on specified forms. Sets up display tables, racks, or shelves and assists sales personnel
in unpacking and arranging merchandise display. May supply guests with travel information,
such as transportation rates, routes, and schedules. May escort incoming guest to room
[BELLHOP (hotel & rest.)]. May arrange for cleaning, laundering, and repair of guests' clothing
and other items. May compute charge slips for services rendered guests and forwards slips to
324.577-010 ROOM-SERVICE CLERK (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: delivery-room clerk; package clerk; receiving-room clerk; runner
Performs any combination of following tasks related to
serving guests in apartment hotels: Delivers and removes packages, laundry, clothes, groceries,
and other articles to and from guests rooms or servidors (cabinets built into doors of hotel
rooms). Collects supply orders from various departments and delivers to PURCHASING
AGENT (profess. & kin.). Delivers mail to various departments and guests. Records information
pertaining to services rendered. May arrange for pressing clothes and shining shoes, sending and
receiving packages, and in maintaining valet service. May press clothes and shine shoes [SHOE
SHINER (personal ser.)]. May supervise activities of workers engaged in delivering packages to
324.677-010 BELLHOP (hotel & rest.)
Performs any combination of following duties to serve hotel
guests: Escorts incoming hotel guests to rooms, assists with hand luggage, and offers information
pertaining to available services and facilities of hotel, points of interest, and entertainment
attractions. Inspects guest's room to ensure furnishings are in order and supplies are adequate.
Explains features of room, such as operation of radio, television, and night-lock, and how to
place telephone calls. Pages guests in lobby, dining room, or other parts of hotel. Delivers
messages and runs errands. Delivers room service orders. Picks up articles for laundry and valet
service. Calls taxi for guests. Transports guests about premises or local areas in car or motorized
cart. Keeps record of calls for service. Delivers packages, suitcases, and trunks, and sets up
sample rooms [PORTER, BAGGAGE (hotel & rest.) 324.477-010]. Tidies lobby
[HOUSECLEANER (hotel & rest.) 323.687-018]. Operates elevator [ELEVATOR OPERATOR
(any industry) 388.663-010]. May be known as Page (hotel & rest.) when paging guests.
324.677-014 DOORKEEPER (any industry)
Serves residents, guests, or patrons of hotel, store, apartment
building, hospital, or similar establishment by opening doors, hailing taxicabs, answering
inquiries, assisting elderly or infirm persons into automobiles, and performing related services.
Prevents entrance of unauthorized or undesirable persons. May forcibly eject inebriated or rowdy
persons from premises. May notify guests by telephone of delivery of automobiles, packages, or
arrival of visitors. May carry baggage.
329 LODGING AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with providing accommodations to guests in boarding houses, marinas, or lodging houses.
329.137-010 SUPERINTENDENT, SERVICE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: manager, service; service supervisor; superintendent, house
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
handling baggage, operating elevators, and cleaning public areas of hotel: Hires workers and
makes assignments. Adjusts guests' complaints regarding service personnel. Conducts
investigations for lost baggage. May arrange for services, such as stenographic, notary public or
baby sitting. May perform tasks of subordinates.
329.161-010 MANAGER, CAMP (amuse. & rec.)
Directs operation of recreation camp and coordinates
activities of staff: Inspects camp facilities prior to campers' arrival for condition of pool,
buildings, and recreation equipment. Assigns staff to camp maintenance duties in area, such as
painting, plumbing, and carpentry; and inspects completed work, utilizing experience and
knowledge. Inspects facilities prior to campers' departure to determine damage assessments.
Registers and informs campers about camp accommodations and regulations. Prepares and
collects fees, and issues receipts.
329.467-010 ATTENDANT, LODGING FACILITIES (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: auto-camp attendant; caretaker, resort; tourist-camp attendant
Performs various clerical, housekeeping, and maintenance
duties at tourist camp, motel, trailer park, vacation resort, or lodge: Informs guests concerning
services and facilities available. Registers guests, assigns cabins, rooms, or trailer spaces, and
collects rents. Issues soap, towels, and other supplies to guests. Sweeps and mops floors, mows
lawn, maintains outside recreational areas, and performs other general cleaning and maintenance
duties. May service tourists' cars with gasoline, oil, and water. May collect resort admission fees
and direct parking of cars.
329.677-010 PORTER, MARINA (water trans.)
Performs any of following services for patrons at dockside:
Secures boat to dock with mooring lines. Connects utility lines (telephone, power, and water) to
boat. Operates motor vehicle to transport patrons and baggage to and from dockside. Reports
disturbances in dock area to superior. May pump water from boats. May deliver ice and written
messages to patrons. May police dock area.
329.683-010 ATTENDANT, CAMPGROUND (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: campground hand;
Performs general maintenance on facilities and grounds at
recreational camp or park: Operates riding lawn mower to mow grass. Checks buildings and
furnishings, repairs minor damage, using handtools, and reports major repair needs to
DIRECTOR, CAMP (social ser.). Replaces light bulbs. Carries and places supplies in storage
areas. Cleans swimming pool, using vacuum cleaner and scrub brushes. Measures and pours
chemicals into pool water to maintain chemical balance. Performs minor repairs to dock, and
keeps lakefront swimming area clean and free from hazards. Drives truck to pick up trash and
garbage for delivery to central area.
33 BARBERING, COSMETOLOGY, AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with rendering beauty and related treatments to individuals.
This group includes occupations concerned with cutting and shaping hair and mustaches, shaving whiskers and trimming beards, and giving facial massages, shampoos, and scalp treatments. Includes fitting hair pieces.
330.371-010 BARBER (personal ser.) alternate titles: haircutter; tonsorial artist
Provides customers with barbering services: Cuts, shapes,
trims, and tapers hair, using clippers, comb, blow-out gun, and scissors. Applies lather and
shaves beard or shapes hair contour (outline) on temple and neck, using razor. Performs other
tonsorial services, such as applying hairdressings or lotions, dyeing, shampooing, singeing, or
styling hair, and massaging face, neck, or scalp. Records service charge on ticket or receives
payment. Cleans work area and work tools. Orders supplies. May sell lotions, tonics, or other
330.371-014 BARBER APPRENTICE (personal ser.)
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning, shaping, and polishing fingernails, rubbing lotions on hands and massaging them.
331.674-010 MANICURIST (personal ser.)
Cleans, shapes, and polishes customers' fingernails and
toenails: Removes previously applied nail polish, using liquid remover and swabs. Shapes and
smooths ends of nails, using scissors, files, and emery boards. Cleans customers' nails in soapy
water, using swabs, files, and orange sticks. Softens nail cuticles with water and oil, pushes back
cuticles, using cuticle knife, and trims cuticles, using scissors or nippers. Whitens underside of
nails with white paste or pencil. Polishes nails, using powdered polish and buffer, or applies clear
or colored liquid polish onto nails with brush. May perform other beauty services such as giving
facials, and shampooing, tinting, and curling hair [COSMETOLOGIST (personal ser.)].
331.674-014 FINGERNAIL FORMER (personal ser.)
Forms artificial fingernails on customer's fingers: Roughens
surfaces of fingernails, using abrasive wheel. Attaches paper forms to tips of customer's fingers
to support and shape artificial nails. Brushes coats of powder and solvent onto nails and paper
forms with handbrush to extend nails to desired length. Removes paper forms and shapes and
smooths edges of nails, using rotary abrasive wheel. Brushes additional powder and solvent onto
new growth between cuticles and nails to maintain nail appearance. May soften, trim, or cut
cuticles, using oil, water, knife, or scissors, to prepare customer's nails for application of artificial
332 HAIRDRESSERS AND COSMETOLOGISTS
This group includes occupations concerned with waving, cutting, styling, and coloring hair; giving scalp and facial treatments; and performing related tasks to improve the appearance of beauty shop patrons. Includes fitting and servicing wigs.
332.271-010 COSMETOLOGIST (personal ser.) alternate titles: beautician; beauty culturist; beauty operator; cosmetician
Provides beauty services for customers: Analyzes hair to
ascertain condition of hair. Applies bleach, dye, or tint, using applicator or brush, to color
customer's hair, first applying solution to portion of customer's skin to determine if customer is
allergic to solution. Shampoos hair and scalp with water, liquid soap, dry powder, or egg, and
rinses hair with vinegar, water, lemon, or prepared rinses. Massages scalp and gives other hair
and scalp-conditioning treatments for hygienic or remedial purposes [SCALP-TREATMENT
OPERATOR (personal ser.) 339.371-014]. Styles hair by blowing, cutting, trimming, and
tapering, using clippers, scissors, razors, and blow-wave gun. Suggests coiffure according to
physical features of patron and current styles, or determines coiffure from instructions of patron.
Applies water or waving solutions to hair and winds hair around rollers, or pin curls and
finger-waves hair. Sets hair by blow-dry or natural-set, or presses hair with straightening comb.
Suggests cosmetics for conditions, such as dry or oily skin. Applies lotions and creams to
customer's face and neck to soften skin and lubricate tissues. Performs other beauty services,
such as massaging face or neck, shaping and coloring eyebrows or eyelashes, removing
unwanted hair, applying solutions that straighten hair or retain curls or waves in hair, and waving
or curling hair. Cleans, shapes, and polishes fingernails and toenails [MANICURIST (personal
ser.) 331.674-010]. May be designated according to beauty service provided as Facial Operator
(personal ser.); Finger Waver (personal ser.); Hair Colorist (personal ser.); Hair Tinter (personal
ser.); Marceller (personal ser.); Permanent Waver (personal ser.); Shampooer (personal ser.).
332.271-014 COSMETOLOGIST APPRENTICE (personal ser.) alternate titles: beautician apprentice; beauty-culturist apprentice; beauty-operator apprentice; cosmetician apprentice
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
332.271-018 HAIR STYLIST (personal ser.) alternate titles: hairdresser
Specializes in dressing hair according to latest style, period,
or character portrayal, following instructions of patron, MAKE-UP ARTIST (amuse. & rec.;
motion picture; radio-tv broad.), or script: Questions patron or reads instructions of MAKE-UP
ARTIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture; radio-tv broad.) or script to determine hairdressing
requirements. Studies facial features of patron or performing artist and arranges, shapes, and
trims hair to achieve desired effect, using fingers, combs, barber scissors, hair-waving solutions,
hairpins, and other accessories. Dyes, tints, bleaches, or curls or waves hair as required. May
create new style especially for patron. May clean and style wigs. May style hairpieces and be
designated Hairpiece Stylist (fabrication, nec).
332.361-010 WIG DRESSER (fabrication, nec; personal ser.) alternate titles: hairdresser
Dresses wigs and hair pieces according to instructions,
samples, sketches, or photographs: Attaches wig or hair piece onto model head, using hammer
and tacks or pins. Combs and sets hair, using barber and beautician equipment. Arranges hair
according to instructions, pictures, or photographs, using brush and comb. Sprays hair with
lacquer to keep hair in place. May cut wigs and hair pieces to specified length and style, using
scissors or razor. May wash and dry hair pieces.
333 MAKE-UP OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with applying cosmetics to face or exposed body areas of actors and actresses to improve their appearance or to alter their expressions to those of the characters they are portraying.
333.071-010 MAKE-UP ARTIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture; radio-tv broad.)
Studies production requirements, such as character, period,
setting, and situation, and applies makeup to performers to alter their appearance to accord with
their roles: Examines sketches, photographs, and plaster models in period files to obtain an
image of character to be depicted. Confers with stage and motion picture officials and performer
to determine alterations to be made and makeup to be used. Designs prostheses of rubber or
plastic and requisitions cosmetics and makeup materials, such as wigs, beards, rouge, powder,
and grease paint. Applies prostheses, cosmetics, and makeup to change such physical
characteristics of performer as facial features, skin texture, bodily contours, and dimensions and
to produce effect appropriate to depict character and situation. May make drawings or models
based upon independent research to augment period files.
333.271-010 BODY-MAKE-UP ARTIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture)
Applies makeup to bodies of performers in color tone and
texture to match facial cosmetics: Consults production schedule to plan work. Mixes oils,
greases, and coloring to prepared grease paint for special color effects. Selects liquid makeup of
desired shade from stock or adds water to cake of powder to form solutions. Applies grease paint,
liquid makeup, and powder to exposed areas of bodies, using sponge, fingers, and powder puffs.
334 MASSEURS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with giving massages to patrons of public baths, beauty parlors, reducing salons, or health clubs, using hands or vibrating equipment.
334.374-010 MASSEUR/MASSEUSE (personal ser.) alternate titles: bath attendant; bath-house attendant; rubber
Massages customers and administers other body conditioning
treatments for hygienic or remedial purposes: Applies alcohol, lubricants, or other rubbing
compounds. Massages body, using such techniques as kneading, rubbing, and stroking flesh, to
stimulate blood circulation, relax contracted muscles, facilitate elimination of waste matter, or to
relieve other conditions, using hands or vibrating equipment. Administers steam or dry heat,
ultraviolet or infrared, or water treatments on request of customer or instructions of physician.
May give directions to clients in activities, such as reducing or remedial exercises. May examine
client and recommend body conditioning activities or treatments. May record treatments
furnished to customers.
334.677-010 RUBBER (personal ser.) alternate titles: bath attendant
Massages and bathes customers in thermal bathhouse:
Kneads, slaps, strokes, and rubs flesh with stiff-bristled brush or brush made of leaves and twigs
to increase circulation, relax muscles, and relieve fatigue. Assists customer into tub or onto
bench, slab, or table in dry heat or steam room. Adjusts thermostat that regulates flow of heat and
turns steam valve or sprinkles water on heated rocks to control temperature and humidity.
Splashes soapy water on customer's body, scrubs body with brush, mitt, or sponge to clean skin
and remove dead cuticle, and splashes clear water on body to rinse soap from skin. May dry
customer after bath, using towel. May supply customer with drinking water or wrap client's head
in cold towel during bath [HOT-ROOM ATTENDANT (personal ser.)]. May massage customer
after bath, using alcohol and oil, to soothe skin [COOLING-ROOM ATTENDANT (personal
ser.)]. May bind leaves and twigs to form brush used in rubdown. May be designated according
to type of massage given as Finnish Rubber (personal ser.); Russian Rubber (personal ser.);
Turkish Rubber (personal ser.).
335 BATH ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with assisting clients of public bath houses to take Russian, Sauna, Turkish, electric cabinet, sweatbox, or steam baths; providing and stocking towels; and checking money and valuables.
335.677-010 COOLING-ROOM ATTENDANT (personal ser.) alternate titles: alcohol rubber; slumber-room attendant
Attends to comfort and needs of thermal bath customers
cooling off and resting after bath and massage: Assigns cot to customer. Rubs customer's body
with alcohol and oil to soothe skin. Covers customer with sheet. Times length of rest period.
Procures beverage, food, or other items on request. May arrange for valet services. May change
bedding on cots. May shine shoes [SHOE SHINER (personal ser.)]. May sweep and mop floors
and dust furniture [CLEANER, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL (any industry)].
335.677-014 HOT-ROOM ATTENDANT (personal ser.) alternate titles: electric-bath attendant; porter, bath; public-bath attendant; sweat-box attendant; tub attendant
Serves patrons in dry-heat cabinet or room or steamroom of
athletic, bathing, or other establishment: Spreads sheet or towel over seating facility in cabinet or
rooms and seats patrons. Supplies drinking water and renders other services requested, such as
wrapping cool towels about patron's head, spraying body with water, or timing length of bath.
Gives shower baths and furnishes towel or dries patron. Collects soiled linen and cleans bathing
area and facilities, such as tubs and showers. May turn valves and switches to adjust heating
equipment, regulating amount of steam or temperature. May pour water over heated rocks to
prepare steamroom. May be designated according to bath facility served as Dry-Heat-Cabinet
Attendant (personal ser.); Dry-Heat-Room Attendant (personal ser.); Shower Attendant (personal
ser.); Steam-Room Attendant (personal ser.).
338 EMBALMERS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with preparing corpses for interment.
338.371-010 EMBALMER APPRENTICE (personal ser.)
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
338.371-014 EMBALMER (personal ser.)
Prepares bodies for interment in conformity with legal
requirements: Washes and dries body, using germicidal soap and towels or hot air drier. Inserts
convex celluloid or cotton between eyeball and eyelid to prevent slipping and sinking of eyelid.
Presses diaphragm to evacuate air from lungs. May join lips, using needle and thread or wire.
Packs body orifices with cotton saturated with embalming fluid to prevent escape of gases or
waste matter. Makes incision in arm or thigh, using scalpel, inserts pump tubes into artery, and
starts pump that drains blood from circulatory system and replaces blood with embalming fluid.
Incises stomach and abdominal walls and probes internal organs, such as bladder and liver, using
trocar to withdraw blood and waste matter from organs. Attaches trocar to pump-tube, starts
pump, and repeats probing to force embalming fluid into organs. Closes incisions, using needle
and suture. Reshapes or reconstructs disfigured or maimed bodies, using materials, such as clay,
cotton, plaster of paris, and wax. Applies cosmetics to impart lifelike appearance. Dresses body
and places body in casket. May arrange funeral details, such as type of casket or burial dress and
place of interment [DIRECTOR, FUNERAL (personal ser.)]. May maintain records, such as
itemized list of clothing or valuables delivered with body and names of persons embalmed.
339 BARBERING, COSMETOLOGY, AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with rendering beauty and related treatments to individuals.
339.137-010 MANAGER, HEALTH CLUB (personal ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
planning, selling, and instructing fitness plans for clients of health club: Assigns and adjusts
work schedules to meet customer demand. Interviews, hires, and trains new employees. Observes
workers in performance of duties and gives remedial training to correct worker deficiencies and
ensure courteous service to patrons. Plans and sells figure-controlling programs to prospective
patrons. Assists subordinates in interviewing, measuring, and evaluating patrons' physical
condition to determine appropriate fitness program. Prepares contract forms, obtains signatures,
collects deposits, and issues membership cards to patrons accepting plans. Demonstrates
operation and explains purpose of equipment, such as treadmill exerciser and stationary bicycle,
and instructs patrons in their use. Monitors patron's exercise program to ensure adherence to
339.361-010 MORTUARY BEAUTICIAN (personal ser.) alternate titles: embalmer assistant; funeral-home attendant
Prepares embalmed bodies for interment: Manicures nails,
using files and nail polish, and performs other grooming tasks, such as arching and plucking
eyebrows and removing facial hair, using depilatory cream and tweezers. Shampoos, waves,
presses, curls, brushes, and combs hair, and applies cosmetics on face to restore natural
appearance, following photograph of deceased, or verbal or written description obtained from
family. Dresses and arranges body in casket. May select casket or burial dress, arrange floral
displays, and prepare obituary notices. May record personal effects delivered with body and
information about deceased. May wash and dry bodies, using germicidal soap and towels or hot
air drier. May reshape or reconstruct damaged or disfigured areas of body, using such materials
as cotton or foam rubber.
339.371-010 ELECTROLOGIST (personal ser.) alternate titles: electric-needle specialist; electrolysis operator; hypertrichologist
Removes hair from skin of patron by electrolysis: Positions
sterile bulbous or round-tipped needles into holders (electrodes) of galvanic or short wave
electrical equipment. Places secondary electrode in hand or immerses fingers or hand of patron in
water-filled electrode cup to complete circuit and stabilize amount of electricity when equipment
is operating. Swabs skin area with antiseptic solution to sterilize it. Inserts needle or needles into
hair follicle and into organ beneath hair root (papilla). Presses switch and adjusts timing and
rheostat controls of equipment that regulate amount of electricity flowing through needle or
needles to decompose cells of papilla. Removes needle or needles, and pulls hair from follicle,
339.371-014 SCALP-TREATMENT OPERATOR (personal ser.) alternate titles: hair-and-scalp specialist; scalp specialist; trichologist
Gives hair and scalp conditioning treatments for hygienic or
remedial purposes: Massages, shampoos, and steams hair and scalp of patron to clean and
remove excess oil, using liquid soap, rinses, and hot towels. Applies medication to and massages
scalp to increase blood circulation, stimulate glandular activity, and promote growth of hair,
using hands and fingers or vibrating equipment. Administers other remedial treatments to relieve
such conditions as dandruff or itching scalp, using such therapeutic equipment as infrared or
ultraviolet lamps. Advises patrons with chronic or potentially contagious scalp conditions to seek
medical treatment. May maintain treatment records.
339.571-010 TATTOO ARTIST (personal ser.) alternate titles: jagger; tattooer; tattooist
Pricks skin of patron, using needled electric tool, that inserts
indelible nontoxic pigment into skin to form decorative or ornamental design: Shaves area to
receive tattoo and washes it, using germicidal soap. Presses charcoal-coated stencil, draws
design, or traces pattern of design onto skin of patron, to mark outline of design. Dips needles of
tool into colored pigment solution and presses needles into skin to insert indelible pigment into
skin following outline of design. Applies sterile dressing to area. Sterilizes needles in
steam-heated cabinet (sterilizer). Mixes nontoxic colored pigments according to formula. Adjusts
and repairs needled electric tool, using handtools, such as screwdrivers and pliers. May draw
original designs on paper, trace designs onto acetate sheet, and cut out design to form pattern or
stencil, using stylus and knife.
339.687-010 SUPPLY CLERK (personal ser.) alternate titles: dispensary attendant; storekeeper
Dispenses supplies in beauty parlor or barber shop: Counts,
sorts, issues, and collects articles, such as towels, drapes, combs, brushes, curlers, and nets.
Washes combs and brushes in antiseptic soap solution and places them in sterilizing cabinet.
Dilutes concentrated shampoo, rinses, and waving solutions with water according to instructions.
Dissolves cake soap in water to make shampoo. Assembles materials, solutions, and equipment
specified for individual treatment, such as facial, permanent wave, and manicure. Maintains
perpetual supply inventory and lists items needed to replace stock. Sweeps floor and tidies
34 AMUSEMENT AND RECREATION SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with amusement and recreation services.
340 ATTENDANTS, BOWLING ALLEY AND BILLIARD PARLOR
This group includes occupations concerned with assigning alleys and billiard tables to patrons, collecting fees for games played, setting pins, and preparing billiard tables for playing.
340.367-010 DESK CLERK, BOWLING FLOOR (amuse. & rec.)
Assigns bowling alleys to patrons and collects fees: Reserves
alleys for bowling league or individuals. Issues scoresheets and alley numbers to patrons.
Inspects alleys to ensure that bowling equipment is available. Observes players to determine
misuse of alleys or other equipment. Records number of games played and receipts collected.
Rents bowling shoes to patrons.
340.477-010 RACKER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: ball racker; poolroom attendant; table attendant
Positions pool balls on table, using triangular rack. Performs
such services as supplying chalk to players, cleaning table with brush, and placing cues in cue
rack after game. Collects fees from players or writes fees on slips for collection by manager or
cashier. May inspect cue tips and replace them, using glue and knife.
341 ATTENDANTS, GOLF COURSE, TENNIS COURT, SKATING RINK, AND RELATED FACILITIES
This group includes occupations concerned with starting players on golf courses, assigning tennis courts, keeping records of players and receiving fees, giving skating instruction, and caddying for golfers. Includes caddies and workers who issue athletic equipment or skates, etc.
341.137-010 CADDIE SUPERVISOR (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises CADDIES (amuse. & rec.) and assigns them to
players. May hire, train, and discharge CADDIES (amuse. & rec.). May admit players to course
and start their play in order.
341.367-010 RECREATION-FACILITY ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Schedules use of recreation facilities, such as golf courses,
tennis courts, and softball and sandlot diamonds, in accordance with private club or public park
rules: Makes reservations for use of facilities by players. Settles disputes between groups or
individual players regarding use of facilities. Coordinates use of facilities to prevent players from
interfering with one another. May collect fees from players. May inform players of rules
concerning dress, conduct, or equipment and enforce rules or eject unruly player or unauthorized
persons as necessary. May sell or rent golf and tennis balls, racquets, golf clubs, and other
equipment. May render emergency first aid to injured or stricken players. May patrol facilities to
detect damage to facilities and report damages to appropriate authority. May be designated
according to facility tended as Golf-Course Starter (amuse. & rec.); Tennis-Court Attendant
(amuse. & rec.).
341.464-010 SKATE-SHOP ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Repairs, rents, or sells ice skates and equipment at ice-skating
rink: Removes skate blade from shoe, places it in guide frame, and sharpens blade on grinding
wheel. Drills holes in shoe, using electric drill, and bolts blade to shoe, using wrench. Cleans
skates with cloth or buffing tool and places them on shelf according to size. Issues skates to
patrons and collects ticket or money for rental. Sells merchandise, such as skates, skate guards,
and skating apparel.
341.665-010 SKI-TOW OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: ski-lift operator
Tends gasoline, diesel, or electric lift to transport skiers up
slope or mountainside, and collects fares: Pulls levers to start, stop, and adjust speed of lifts, such
as rope tow, chair lift, T-bar, or J-bar. Collects or punches ticket for passengers and assists them
onto and from lift. May repair and maintain motor and lift equipment.
341.677-010 CADDIE (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: golf caddie
Carries golf bags or pushes or pulls cart that holds golf bags
around golf course for players, handing clubs to players as requested: Advises players, as
requested, on selection of proper club for stroke or concerning peculiarities of course. Locates
driven balls and holds marker out of cup while players putt.
341.683-010 GOLF-RANGE ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Performs combination of following duties at golf driving
range: Picks up golf balls by hand or drives vehicle equipped with trailer that automatically picks
up balls as vehicle moves over fairway. Starts revolving tumbler filled with soapy water and
immerses golf balls to remove dirt, grass stain, and club marks. Removes and rinses washed
balls. Applies liquid cleaner to head and shank of golf clubs and buffs with steel wool. Replaces
golf balls and clubs in racks for use by driving range patrons. May perform minor maintenance
on benches, using handtools.
342 AMUSEMENT DEVICE AND CONCESSION ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with operating games of chance or skill or other types of amusement equipment, such as the ferris wheel, roller coaster, and merry-go-round; and running fairs, carnivals, circuses, or amusement parks. Includes spielers or barkers who solicit patronage.
342.137-010 SUPERVISOR, RIDES (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
operating or tending rides in amusement parks, carnivals or similar recreational establishments.
Inspects ride equipment for operating condition and safety. Trains workers and performs other
duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
342.357-010 WEIGHT GUESSER (amuse. & rec.)
Guesses weight of patrons at amusement park, carnival, or
similar place of entertainment: Attracts attention of passing public, vociferously proclaiming
game and skill. Scrutinizes patron's physique and makes oral estimate of weight. Invites patron to
stand on scale or to sit in seat attached to industrial scale, usually forfeiting prize if weight
guessed is not correct within 2 or 3 pounds. May demonstrate personal skill in guessing patron's
age, occupation, home state, or other related pertinent data.
342.657-010 BARKER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: carney; spieler
Attempts to attract patrons to entertainment by exhorting
passing public, describing attractions of show and emphasizing variety, novelty, beauty, or some
other feature believed to incite listeners to attend entertainment. May conduct brief free show,
introducing performers and describing acts to be given at feature performance.
342.657-014 GAME ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: game operator
Induces customers to participate in games at concession
booths in parks, carnivals, stadiums, or similar amusement places: Describes types of games
available to passing public to attract customers. Supplies customers with game equipment, such
as toss rings or balls, distributes prizes to customers who win games, and collects fees for
services. Cleans and repairs booth and keeps equipment in serviceable condition. May be
designated according to type of game operated as Shooting Gallery Operator (amuse. & rec.).
342.663-010 RIDE OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: amusement-equipment operator
Operates or informs patrons how to operate mechanical riding
devices furnished by amusement parks, carnivals, or similar places of entertainment: Informs
patron to fasten belt, bar, or other safety device. Moves controls to start and stop equipment, such
as roller coaster, merry-go-round, and ferris wheel. Gives directions to patrons, usually over
microphone, regarding safety and operation of such rides as midget autos and speedboats. Turns
on current to permit operation of ride by patron and turns off current after allotted time. Drives
vehicles, such as trains, on which persons ride, guiding and controlling their speed. Adds to or
removes equipment, according to amount of patronage. Oils, refuels, adjusts, and repairs device.
Tests equipment daily before opening ride to patrons. May notify patron of expiration of period
for which fee was paid to use device. May observe patrons boarding vehicle to ensure they are
safely seated without being overcrowded and safety belts or bars are secure. May collect tickets
or cash fares from patrons. May space rides operated in cars or sections to avoid danger of
collisions. May be designated according to equipment operated as Auto-Speedway Operator
(amuse. & rec.); Ferris-Wheel Operator (amuse. & rec.); Flume-Ride Operator (amuse. & rec.);
Merry-Go-Round Operator (amuse. & rec.); Monorail Operator (amuse. & rec.); Railroad
Operator (amuse. & rec.); Roller-Coaster Operator (amuse. & rec.); Speedboat Operator (amuse.
& rec.); Swing-Ride Operator (amuse. & rec.); Train Operator (amuse. & rec.); Whip Operator
(amuse. & rec.).
342.665-010 FUN-HOUSE OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: walk-through operator
Tends one or several pieces of automatic equipment designed
to amuse, excite, or mystify patrons of fun house in amusement park: Switches on device that
automatically blows blasts of air under women's skirts. Starts revolving turntables, conveyor belt,
drum or similar device. Ejects rowdy persons from establishment. Observes equipment for
efficient operation and repairs minor breakdowns in equipment.
342.667-010 WHARF ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: boat-ride operator; dock attendant
Launches and moors boats on lake or similar amusement
place and shows patrons how to guide crafts, such as rowboats, canoes, and electric or gasoline
motorboats: Assists patrons stepping in or out of boats. Takes tickets from patrons. Demonstrates
how to row, paddle, or guide boats. Tows disabled boats to dock for repair. Changes batteries of
electric motorboats and refuels gasoline motors. Cleans, paints, varnishes, and makes minor
repairs on motors, using handtools, to maintain boats in good condition. When working in
boat-tank facility of amusement park, is designated Boat-Tank Attendant (amuse. & rec.). See
BOAT-RENTAL CLERK (amuse. & rec.) for rental of canoes, motorboats, rowboats, sailboats,
and fishing equipment.
342.667-014 ATTENDANT, ARCADE (amuse. & rec.)
Assists patrons of amusement facility, and performs minor
repairs on game machines: Explains operation of game machines to patrons and exchanges coins
for paper currency. Listens to patron complaints regarding malfunction of machines. Removes
coin accepter mechanism of machines, using key, and observes mechanism to detect causes of
malfunctions, such as bent coins, slugs, or foreign material. Removes obstructions, repositions
mechanism, inserts coins, and observes machine operation to determine whether malfunctions
are still present. Places out-of-order signs on defective machines and returns money lost in
defective machines to patrons. Notifies maintenance department of defective machines, and
records times of machine malfunctions and repairs to maintain required records. Observes
conduct of patrons in facility to ensure orderliness, and asks disruptive patrons to leave.
342.677-010 RIDE ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Directs patrons of amusement park in getting on and off
riding device: Erects barrier in front of ride, admitting only as many persons to loading platform
as can be seated on ride. Keeps order among patrons waiting to ride device. Fastens patrons'
safety belts or bars to prevent injuries during ride. Assists children and elderly patrons from ride.
Directs patrons from unloading platform to park grounds. May space rides operated in cars or
sections to avoid danger of collisions. May collect tickets or cash fares. May clean and polish
equipment and perform other minor maintenance work, such as replacing light bulbs.
343 GAMBLING HALL ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with running games of chance in gambling establishments. Includes dealing cards or providing other gambling equipment.
343.137-010 MANAGER, CARDROOM (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of GAMBLING
DEALERS (amuse. & rec.); CARD PLAYERS (amuse. & rec.); BOARD ATTENDANTS
(amuse. & rec.); and other workers engaged in providing gambling activities in a gambling
establishment: Prepares work schedule for gambling establishment workers and assigns work
stations. Supervises overall operation to ensure that employees render prompt and courteous
service to patrons. Resolves customer-service complaints and settles matters requiring
explanation and interpretation of house rules. Reviews operational expenses and budget
estimates. Trains new workers and evaluates their performance.
343.137-014 SUPERVISOR, CARDROOM (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of CARDROOM
ATTENDANTS (amuse. & rec.) I engaged in selling gambling chips, collecting house fees, and
serving food and beverages to patrons of cardroom: Assigns workers to serve patrons at
designated group of card tables. Examines collection reports, submitted for approval by workers,
for accuracy and timeliness. Explains and interprets operating rules of house to patrons.
Circulates among tables and observes operations to ensure player harmony and adjust service
complaints. Notifies BOARD ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.) of vacancies at tables so that
waiting patrons may play.
343.367-010 CARD PLAYER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: proposition player; public-relations player; shill; stakes player
Participates in card game, usually poker, for gambling
establishment to provide minimum complement of players at table. Relinquishes seat on arrival
of patron desiring to play cards.
343.367-014 GAMBLING MONITOR (amuse. & rec.)
Observes patrons and employees participating in gambling
activities to detect infractions of house rules: Watches participants in games such as dice or cards
to detect cheating, identify rule violators, and observe persons designated by superior. Speaks or
signals to supervising personnel using hand, telephone, or voice to identify and supply
information about suspected violators. May examine dice periodically to check for damage or
substitution. May calculate winnings to verify payment made by dealer.
343.464-010 GAMBLING DEALER (amuse. & rec.)
Conducts gambling table, such as dice, roulette, or cards, in
gambling establishment: Exchanges paper currency for playing chips or coin money. Ensures
that wagers are placed before cards are dealt, roulette wheel is spun, or dice are tossed.
Announces winning number or color to players. Computes payable odds to pay winning bets.
Pays winning bets and collects losing bets. May be designated according to specialty as Baccarat
Dealer (amuse. & rec.); Dice Dealer (amuse. & rec.); Roulette Dealer (amuse. & rec.);
Twenty-One Dealer (amuse. & rec.).
343.467-010 CARDROOM ATTENDANT I (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: chip
Collects house fees from players and sells gambling chips,
food, beverages, and tobacco in cardroom: Collects specified house fees periodically from card
players. Prepares collection report for submission to supervisor. Sells gambling chips, food,
beverages and tobacco to accommodate players upon request. May distribute new card decks to
players as required. May explain and interpret operating rules of house to patrons requesting
343.467-014 FLOOR ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Verifies winning bingo cards to award prize or pay prize
money to players holding winning cards: Collects money (fee) for participation in game and
issues game cards to players. Listens for shouts or looks for waving arms from players who have
winning cards. Compares numbers on card with numbers called and displayed on board to verify
winning cards. Gives prize or pays money to players holding winning cards.
343.467-022 KENO WRITER (amuse. & rec.)
Conducts keno game in gambling establishment: Receives,
verifies, and records cash wagers of customers. Starts gaming equipment that randomly selects
numbered balls. Announces number of each ball selected until number of balls specified for each
game is selected. Scans winning tickets presented by customers, calculates amount of winnings,
and pays customers, utilizing knowledge of rules and payoffs of game.
343.577-010 CARDROOM ATTENDANT II (amuse. & rec.)
Seats cardroom patrons: Takes name of patron requesting seat
at table and adds name, with chalk, to waiting list on board. Pages customer over loudspeaker
when notified by SUPERVISOR, CARDROOM (amuse. & rec.) that seat is available.
343.687-010 PLASTIC-CARD GRADER, CARDROOM (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: card grader
Examines plastic playing cards for reuse by patrons of public
cardroom: Inspects cards for defects, such as scratches, cuts, and discoloration. Replaces
defective cards with those matching others of deck in color, size, and pattern. Feels each card of
deck for uniform thickness. Counts, sorts, and repackages cards in box. Grades decks according
to condition and approximate usage.
This group includes occupations concerned with taking tickets, distributing programs, and escorting patrons to seats in public places.
344.137-010 USHER, HEAD (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of USHERS (amuse. &
rec.) at entertainment events and directs patrons to area of seat location: Directs USHERS
(amuse. & rec.) in job duties and assigns to work stations. Directs patrons to area of seat location
according to information on ticket stubs. Resolves complaints of patrons. Coordinates activities
in emergencies such as fights or fires. May hire and discharge USHERS (amuse. & rec.). May
keep records of workers' time.
344.667-010 TICKET TAKER (amuse. & rec.)
Collects admission tickets and passes from patrons at
entertainment events: Examines ticket or pass to verify authenticity, using criteria such as color
and date issued. Refuses admittance to patrons without ticket or pass, or who are undesirable for
reasons, such as intoxication or improper attire. May direct patrons to their seats. May distribute
door checks to patrons temporarily leaving establishment. May count and record number of
tickets collected. May issue and collect completed release forms for hazardous events, and
photograph patron with release form for permanent records file. May be designated Gate
Attendant (amuse. & rec.) or Turnstile Attendant (amuse. & rec.) when collecting tickets at
344.677-010 PRESS-BOX CUSTODIAN (amuse. & rec.)
Verifies credentials of patrons desiring entrance into
press-box and permits only authorized persons to enter. Runs errands for patrons of press-box,
performing such duties as obtaining refreshments, carrying news releases, and placing wagers.
344.677-014 USHER (amuse. & rec.)
Assists patrons at entertainment events to find seats, search
for lost articles, and locate facilities, such as restrooms and telephones. Distributes programs to
patrons. Assists other workers to change advertising display.
346 WARDROBE AND DRESSING-ROOM ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with caring for costumes of entertainers, distributing them, keeping records of those issued and returned, and assisting entertainers in dressing.
346.261-010 COSTUMER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)
Selects and fits costumes for cast members according to style
of historical period and characters to be portrayed: Analyzes script or reviews analysis of
SUPERVISOR, COSTUMING (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) to determine locale of story and
number of costumes required for each character. Studies books, pictures, and examples of
costumes to determine styles worn during specified period in history. Inventories stock to
determine types and condition of costuming available and selects costumes based on script
analysis and studies. Examines costume on cast member and sketches or writes notes designating
alterations. Makes minor alterations and repairs to costume by hand, or using sewing machine.
Sends costume to tailor for major alterations or repairs. May design and construct unusual
costumes, applying creative ingenuity. May press and spot-clean costumes, using electric iron
and cleaning fluid. May purchase or rent costumes and other wardrobe accessories.
346.361-010 WARDROBE SUPERVISOR (amuse. & rec.)
Attends to costumes of members of cast of theatrical
production: Examines costumes and cleans and mends them. Presses costumes, using electric
iron. Refits costumes as necessary. Assists cast to don completed costumes, or assigns
DRESSERS (amuse. & rec.) to assist specific cast members. Arranges costumes, or assigns
DRESSERS (amuse. & rec.) to arrange costumes of cast on dress racks in sequence to
appearance on stage to facilitate quick changes. Packs costumes for cast when accompanying
show on tour.
346.374-010 COSTUMER ASSISTANT (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: custodian, wardrobe; wardrobe draper
Assists COSTUMER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)
346.261-010 in selecting costumes for and fitting them to performers: Distributes costumes and
wardrobe accessories to principals, extras, and bit players. Alters, repairs, presses, and
spot-cleans costumes by hand or using sewing machine, electric iron, and cleaning fluid. Keeps
records of costumes issued and returned.
346.667-010 JOCKEY-ROOM CUSTODIAN (amuse. & rec.)
Ensures that JOCKEYS (amuse. & rec.) scheduled to ride are
present in jockey room at racetrack and that their dress and riding equipment meet track
specifications: Notifies JOCKEYS (amuse. & rec.) when to dress. Inspects JOCKEYS (amuse. &
rec.) for specified colors (silks), saddle numbers, and riding equipment. Informs STEWARD,
RACETRACK (amuse. & rec.) of JOCKEYS (amuse. & rec.) not reporting to prepare for race.
Maintains order in jockey room. Examines lead pads to determine that they meet track
specifications. Gives directions to workers to clean jockey room.
346.674-010 DRESSER (amuse. & rec.)
Aids entertainer to dress and attends to clothing and
costumes: Arranges costumes in order of use. Unpacks clothes and costumes and places them for
convenient use. Cleans spots from apparel. Presses costumes. Mends ripped seams or makes
other minor repairs. May arrange for cleaning, pressing or laundering of costumes.
346.677-010 JOCKEY VALET (amuse. & rec.)
Attends to JOCKEY (amuse. & rec.) at racetrack performing
variety of services: Saddles horse and inserts lead pads in saddle pockets to meet weight
specifications for race. Places number on saddle to correspond with horse's entry number in race.
Reads color assignment chart and obtains specific colors of silks from color room corresponding
to stable colors. Assists JOCKEY (amuse. & rec.) to dress for race. Unsaddles horse after race
and returns riding equipment to storage area. Cleans saddles, washes silks, and shines boots for
JOCKEY (amuse. & rec.).
346.677-014 RIDING-SILKS CUSTODIAN (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: colors custodian
Issues designated riding silks (colors) and identifying arm and
saddle numbers to JOCKEYS (amuse. & rec.) before each race, according to colors and numbers
printed on program. Collects and stores silks and numbers after each race. Issues jackets to
LEAD PONY RIDERS (amuse. & rec.). Sends out soiled silks and jackets for cleaning.
346.677-018 SECOND (amuse. & rec.)
Serves prizefighter between rounds by giving drinking water,
sponging with water, and fanning with towel. Applies medications to minor injuries, such as cuts
349 AMUSEMENT AND RECREATION SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with amusement and recreation services.
349.224-010 ANIMAL-RIDE MANAGER (amuse. & rec.)
Manages stable of animals, trains animals for riding, and
supervises workers engaged in handling and attending animals, selling rides, and assisting
patrons to ride animals: Purchases animals, feed and supplies. Examines animals for injury or
symptoms of illness and arranges for veterinarian services when required. Trains animals for
riding, performing tasks, such as teaching animals to walk, trot or gallop. Inspects facilities for
cleanliness. Supervises and coordinates workers engaged in feeding, watering, grooming,
harnessing and training animals, selling rides and assisting patrons to mount and ride animals.
349.247-010 DIVER (amuse. & rec.)
Feeds, describes, and identifies fish enclosed in aquarium or
community fish tank for public amusement: Dons diving suit and helmet and drops to floor of
tank to feed fish on scheduled show periods. Circulates among fish and delivers running
commentary over sound system to amuse audience. Identifies for audience species of fish being
fed, such as bat rays, sawfish, and sharks, and describes briefly life history of individual
specimens, based on prepared text. Cleans bottom of tank, using suction hose, and clears algae
from windows inside tank, using scrubbing brushes. Observes and reports diseased, injured, or
dead fish. Gives routine medical treatment to fish as directed.
349.367-010 KENNEL MANAGER, DOG TRACK (amuse. & rec.)
Verifies credentials and starting position of dogs in races and
guards dogs against injury and illegal acts: Verifies credentials of each dog entered in race,
comparing color, name, and sex of dog and name of owner with information on racing form.
Ensures that dogs are admitted to assigned stalls, notifying other workers to round up designated
dogs in advance of each race. Guards dogs to prevent persons from injuring them or attempting
illegally to influence dog's performance. Notifies owner or veterinary personnel in cases of injury
or suspected illness. Notifies track officials of irregularities as required by racing regulations.
May clean racing stalls after each race, using disinfectant solution.
349.367-014 RECEIVING-BARN CUSTODIAN (amuse. & rec.)
Verifies credentials of persons at receiving barn of racetrack
and notifies STABLE ATTENDANTS (any industry) to bring horses scheduled to race, to barn
for examination and inspection: Compares credentials of persons requesting admittance with list
of names authorized. Informs STABLE ATTENDANTS (any industry) to bring racehorses to
receiving barn for examination and inspection by VETERINARIAN (medical ser.), HOOF AND
SHOE INSPECTOR (amuse. & rec.), and IDENTIFIER, HORSE (amuse. & rec.). Notifies
LEAD PONY RIDERS (amuse. & rec.) to lead racehorses to paddock for saddling. Informs
racing officials of horses not meeting racing specifications or not present for examination and
inspection. Issues instructions to workers to clean stable and barn area.
349.477-010 JINRIKISHA DRIVER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: rickshaw driver
Conveys passengers to destinations, using three-wheeled
vehicle: Pumps pedals and turns handlebars to propel and steer vehicle along roadway to attract
and convey passengers for novelty rides. Assists passengers into carriage of vehicle and asks
their destination. Records time or odometer reading at start of trip. Conveys passengers to
specified destination. Computes fare according to miles traveled or time expended and collects
349.664-010 AMUSEMENT PARK WORKER (amuse. & rec.)
Performs any combination of following duties in amusement
park: Escorts patrons on tours of park's points of interest. Takes pictures of patrons to impart
pictures onto T-shirts, using camera, automatic printing equipment, and heating press. Maintains
and distributes uniforms worn by park employees. Cleans park grounds, office facilities, and rest
room areas, using broom, dust pan, or vacuum cleaner. Distributes literature, such as maps, show
schedules, and pass information, to acquaint visitors with park facilities. Monitors activities of
children using park playground area to ensure safe use of equipment. Directs patrons to seats for
park attractions and opens doors to assist patrons' entry and exit from attractions. Receives cash
for tickets or items sold to patrons and records sales, using cash register.
349.665-010 SCOREBOARD OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.)
Watches players and officials at athletic event and posts or
moves indicators and buttons to record progress of game on scoreboard to inform spectators.
Confers, by telephone, with ANNOUNCER (amuse. & rec.) or sideline officials to verify
observation of plays.
349.667-010 HOST/HOSTESS, DANCE HALL (amuse. & rec.)
Participates, as social partner, in dancing, dining, drinking,
conversation with patrons to increase business of public dancehall. Collects tickets or fees from
patrons for time spent in their company. Counts number of tickets collected from patrons and
submits tickets to management for pay computation at end of shift.
349.667-014 HOST/HOSTESS, HEAD (amuse. & rec.)
Introduces unaccompanied persons at dancehall to
HOSTS/HOSTESSES, DANCE HALL (amuse. & rec.), explaining procedure of engaging social
partner. Inspects dress of HOSTS/HOSTESSES, DANCE HALL (amuse. & rec.) to ensure that
they present clean and pleasing personal appearance. Attempts to distribute patrons equally
among HOSTS/HOSTESSES, DANCE HALL (amuse. & rec.).
349.673-010 DRIVE-IN THEATER ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: field attendant
Performs any combination of following duties in rendering
services to patrons of drive-in theaters: Greets patrons desiring to attend theater. Collects
admission fee and purchases ticket for patron from TICKET SELLER (clerical). Parks car or
directs patron to parking space, indicating available space with flashlight. Patrols theater on foot
or bicycle to prevent disorderly conduct, rowdiness, or to detect other infractions of rules.
Watches over children in playground during intermission. Serves patrons at refreshment stand
during intermission. May attach loudspeaker to automobile door and turn controls to adjust
349.674-010 ANIMAL-RIDE ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Assists patrons to mount and ride animals, collects payment
for ride, and attends animals in amusement facility: Selects animal to be ridden on basis of size
and age of patron. Accepts payment for ride. Assists patron to mount and ride animal, performing
tasks, such as lifting child into saddle, explaining safe riding techniques, leading animal, and
observing patron to detect uneasiness or handling difficulty. Attends animals, performing tasks,
such as harnessing, saddling, feeding, watering, grooming, observing symptoms of illness, and
cleaning stable. May be designated according to type of animal ridden as Pony-Ride Attendant
(amuse. & rec.).
349.677-010 CABANA ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Performs combination of following tasks to serve patrons of
private beach, club, or swimming pool having individual cabanas (bathhouses): Issues or rents
swimsuits, bathing caps, soap, towels, umbrellas, beach chairs, and similar items. Obtains and
serves refreshments to guests as requested. Collects soiled towels and rented swimming attire for
laundering. Folds and stores chairs, blankets, and umbrellas at sundown. Picks up rubbish along
beach or near pool. Participates in draining, cleaning, and refilling pool and changing pool filters.
349.677-014 COACH DRIVER (business ser.)
Drives horse-drawn vehicle to provide background or special
effects for activities such as advertising promotions, political campaigns, or wedding parties; or
to transport passengers for purposes such as sightseeing or hay rides. Dons costume for occasion.
May feed, water, harness and attend horses. May clean or polish vehicle such as carriage, wagon
349.677-018 CHILDREN'S ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)
Monitors behavior of unaccompanied children in children's
section of theater to maintain order: Escorts children who are unaccompanied by adult between
theater entrance and children's section when children enter or leave theater. Maintains order
among children and searches for lost articles. Notes when each child enters section and reminds
child to go home after witnessing complete performance.
349.680-010 TICKET-DISPENSER CHANGER (amuse. & rec.)
Changes code slugs (printing dies) and installs rolls of ticket
tape in ticket dispensing machine before each race at racetrack: Unlocks machine with key and
turns knob to reset number register to zero. Changes code slug so that different symbols are
printed on tickets. Replaces depleted roll of ticket tape, threading end of tape through feed roller
to type roller. Presses key of machine to obtain sample ticket. Examines ticket to ascertain that
machine is printing correctly and adjusts machine to correct defects. Relocks machine.
35 MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with those duties performed by stewards and hostesses, not elsewhere classified, and attendants, guides, and the like.
350 SHIP STEWARDS/STEWARDESSES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with serving passengers and crewmembers on cargo, passenger, or other vessels. Includes serving food and beverages in dining salon or on deck, and caring for staterooms, bathrooms, and public rooms.
350.137-010 HEADWAITER/HEADWAITRESS (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of dining room
personnel to serve food aboard ship: Assigns duties, work stations, and responsibilities to
personnel and directs their performances. Inspects dining tables and work areas for cleanliness.
Greets patrons and shows them to dining tables. Requisitions supplies, such as glassware, china,
and silverware. Authorizes personnel to work overtime. May suggest entrees, dinner courses, and
wines to guests. May serve wine [STEWARD/STEWARDESS, WINE (water trans.)].
350.137-014 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, CHIEF, CARGO VESSEL (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel in steward's
department aboard cargo vessel: Collaborates with COOK, CHIEF (water trans.) to plan menus.
Requisitions and purchases expendable equipment and subsistence and sundry stores. Receives,
checks, and issues stores. Inventories supplies. Authorizes personnel to work overtime. Estimates
food costs per serving. Compiles supply, overtime, and cost control records.
350.137-018 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, CHIEF, PASSENGER SHIP (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel in steward's
department aboard passenger vessel: Supervises workers engaged in housekeeping and meal
serving. Arranges space for shipboard recreation activities. Inspects passenger areas for
cleanliness. Observes services rendered by steward personnel for conformance to company
standards. Collaborates with CHEF, PASSENGER VESSEL (water trans.) to plan menus.
Requisitions stores, such as food, sundries, and furniture. Obtains replacements for personnel
350.137-022 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, SECOND (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
providing accommodation services to first class passengers: Assigns personnel to work stations
in passenger areas, such as staterooms, lounges, deck, and smokeroom and informs them of
duties and responsibilities to passengers. Inspects work areas with STEWARD/STEWARDESS,
CHIEF, PASSENGER SHIP (water trans.) to ascertain that service given passengers is in
accordance with company standards. Coordinates work assignments so that additional help is
available for recreational activities. May be designated according to shift worked as Second
Steward/Stewardess, Night (water trans.); or according to class of passengers served as
Steward/Stewardess, Economy Class (water trans.); Steward/Stewardess, Second Class (water
trans.); Steward/Stewardess, Third Class (water trans.); Steward/Stewardess, Tourist Class (water
350.137-026 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, THIRD (water trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
providing housekeeping services to officers and crew: Assigns personnel to work stations, such
as officers' and crew's quarters, and messrooms. Inspects work stations for cleanliness.
Requisitions stores, such as soap, scrubbing brushes, and mops.
350.677-010 MESS ATTENDANT (water trans.)
Serves food to officers and crew aboard ship: Prepares hot
and cold drinks, and fruits, for serving, and sets tables for meals. Serves food. Washes glassware
and silverware after meals, cleans messroom, and disposes of trash and garbage. Makes beds and
cleans bedrooms and bathrooms assigned to ship's officers. May be designated according to area
in which work is performed or personnel served as Mess Attendant, Crew (water trans.); Mess
Attendant, Officers' Room (water trans.); Mess Attendant, Officers' Salon (water trans.).
350.677-014 PASSENGER ATTENDANT (water trans.)
Serves passengers aboard ship by performing any
combination of following duties: Answers bells from staterooms requesting service. Obtains food
or beverage from galley, pantry, or bar, and carries it to staterooms. Demonstrates donning of life
jackets during passenger boat drill. Serves hors d'oeuvres during entertainment. Cleans work
area. Relieves ELEVATOR OPERATOR (any industry) during breaks.
350.677-018 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, BATH (water trans.)
Services bathrooms aboard ship, and schedules passengers for
baths and showers: Prepares baths and showers at times requested and informs passengers.
Cleans bathrooms, showers, sinks, and other lavatory equipment. Replenishes supplies, such as
towels, bathmat, and soap. May clean public toilets in assigned area.
350.677-022 STEWARD/STEWARDESS (water trans.)
Attends to comfort of passengers aboard ship: Issues sun pads
and sports equipment to passengers on deck. Arranges card tables and chairs and provides
playing cards, pencils, and score pads for passengers in lounge. Carries passengers' baggage to
assigned rooms, and cleans rooms, changes linens and towels, and makes up beds and berths.
Issues and arranges game equipment for passengers in smoking room. Serves cold drinks and
snacks to passengers. May be required to hold certificates issued by U.S. Coast Guard to handle
food and staff lifeboat. When attending to passengers at night, may be designated
Steward/Stewardess, Night (water trans.). May be designated according to location of passengers
attended as Steward/Stewardess, Deck (water trans.); Steward/Stewardess, Lounge (water trans.);
Steward/Stewardess, Room (water trans.); Steward/Stewardess, Smoke Room (water trans.).
350.677-026 STEWARD/STEWARDESS, WINE (water trans.)
Serves alcoholic beverages to guests in dining room and in
other locations aboard passenger ship: Arranges linens, glassware, and stores on station prior to
opening dining room. Chills wines to be served. Serves drinks to dining room guests. Serves
wines, cocktails, and other spiritous liquors to passengers in ballroom or smoking room after
dining hours and at shipboard sailing parties. Cleans assigned section of dining room. Must be
certified by U.S. Coast Guard. May be required to hold Lifeboatman certificate.
350.677-030 WAITER/WAITRESS (water trans.) alternate titles: steward/stewardess, dining room
Serves passengers in ships' dining rooms: Obtains linen,
silver, glassware, and china to set tables. Arranges settings on tables. Provides dining room
service to passengers [WAITER/WAITRESS, FORMAL (hotel & rest.)]. Maintains assigned
station, including table pieces, side stands, and chairs. May be designated according to class of
passengers served as Waiter/Waitress, Cabin Class (water trans.); Waiter/Waitress, Economy
Class (water trans.); Waiter/Waitress, First Class (water trans.); Waiter/Waitress, Second Class
(water trans.); Waiter/Waitress, Third Class (water trans.); Waiter/Waitress, Tourist Class (water
351 TRAIN ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with providing services to train passengers. Includes preparation of sleeping berths and private compartments; providing newspapers, food, drink, and personal articles on request; and dispensing general information.
351.677-010 SERVICE ATTENDANT, SLEEPING CAR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: porter, pullman
Performs variety of personal services for railroad patrons:
Carries hand baggage to station platform from seat. Makes berths. Supplies towels to washroom.
Furnishes patrons with light lunches, drinks, card tables, or other articles they may request. When
only one sleeping car is in train, may perform duties of CONDUCTOR, PULLMAN (r.r. trans.).
352 HOSTS/HOSTESSES AND STEWARDS/STEWARDESSES, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with rendering a variety of personal services, such as seeing that travelers on board bus, airplane, or railroad are made comfortable; and arranging recreational activities for guests in hotels or at places of amusement, or introducing guests to each other.
352.137-010 SUPERVISOR, AIRPLANE-FLIGHT ATTENDANT (air trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of flight attendants:
Assigns duties and areas of work to AIRPLANE-FLIGHT ATTENDANT (air trans.) to provide
services for airline passengers. Observes activities of employees to evaluate work performance
and maintains personnel records. Explains and demonstrates methods and procedures for
performing tasks. Prepares evaluation reports on performance of employees. Analyzes, records,
and prepares reports of personnel activities. Interprets company policies and practices for
workers. May update local procedures manuals and guides according to directives and oral
352.167-010 DIRECTOR, SOCIAL (hotel & rest.; water trans.) alternate titles: director, recreation
Plans and organizes recreational activities and creates friendly
atmosphere for guests in hotels and resorts or for passengers on board ship: Greets new arrivals,
introduces them to other guests, acquaints them with recreation facilities, and encourages them to
participate in group activities. Ascertains interests of group and evaluates available equipment
and facilities to plan activities, such as card parties, games, tournaments, dances, musicals, and
field trips. Arranges for activity requirements, such as setting up equipment, transportation,
decorations, refreshments, and entertainment. Associates with lonely guests and visits those who
are ill. May greet and seat guests in dining room. May assist management in resolving guests'
352.367-010 AIRPLANE-FLIGHT ATTENDANT (air trans.) alternate titles: airplane-cabin attendant
Performs variety of personal services conducive to safety and
comfort of airline passengers during flight: Greets passengers, verifies tickets, records
destinations, and directs passengers to assigned seats. Assists passengers to store carry-on
luggage in overhead, garment, or under seat storage. Explains use of safety equipment, such as
seat belts, oxygen masks, and life jackets. Walks aisle of plane to verify that passengers have
complied with federal regulations prior to take off. Serves previously prepared meals and
beverages. Observes passengers to detect signs of discomfort, and issues palliatives to relieve
passenger ailments, such as airsickness and insomnia. Administers first aid according to
passenger distress when needed. Answers questions regarding performance of aircraft, stopovers,
and flight schedules. Performs other personal services, such as distributing reading material and
pointing out places of interest. Prepares reports showing place of departure and destination,
passenger ticket numbers, meal and beverage inventories, palliatives issued, and lost and found
articles. May collect money for meals and beverages.
352.367-014 FLIGHT ATTENDANT, RAMP (air trans.)
Checks AIRPLANE-FLIGHT ATTENDANT'S (air trans.)
conformance to personal appearance standard and performance of preflight duties during
boarding stage of scheduled airline flights, and compiles report of findings. Inspects appearance
and grooming of personnel for conformance to company standards. Observes performance of
on-board airplane preflight duties and inspections by personnel for conformance, adequacy, and
completeness. Records errors, inadequacies, and reasons for deviation on daily checksheet and
forwards checksheet to supervisor. Extracts information from checksheets and writes
performance reports for inclusion in personnel folders. Consolidates trip report and daily
checklist information regarding work performed, emergency equipment, safety procedures, and
appearance standards for use by supervisor. Prepares flight register and schedules to indicate
assignments. Notifies personnel of changes in schedules.
352.377-010 HOST/HOSTESS, GROUND (air trans.)
Renders personal services to passengers in airline terminal to
facilitate movement of passengers through terminal and create goodwill: Greets and welcomes
passengers to terminal. Answers questions and advises passengers concerning flight schedules
and accommodations, such as arrival or departure time, location of concourses and gates, and
selection of seat on aircraft. Performs such tasks as assembling and forwarding luggage to
departing flight, or guiding and escorting passengers to designated gate for boarding of aircraft,
to expedite transfer of passengers between airline flights. Informs passengers, upon request,
concerning fares, airline schedules, and travel itineraries, and distributes brochures to promote
interest and sale of air travel. Informs passengers of terminal facilities, such as rest rooms and
snackbar, to promote comfort and well being of passengers.
352.577-010 BUS ATTENDANT (motor trans.)
Renders variety of personal services to bus passengers to
make their trip pleasant: Welcomes passengers boarding bus. Adjusts seating arrangement to
accommodate passengers when requested. Answers questions about bus schedules, travel routes,
and bus services. Points out places of interest. Distributes magazines, newspapers, pillows and
blankets. Mails passengers' letters and arranges for dispatch of telegrams. Tends tape recorder to
provide music. Serves refreshments. Lists names of passengers on manifest. Maintains inventory
to account for food served during trip and food on hand. May warm bottles for babies.
352.667-010 HOST/HOSTESS (any industry) alternate titles: receptionist
Greets guests arriving at country club, catered social function,
or other gathering place. Introduces guests and suggests planned activities, such as dancing or
games. Gives directions to personnel engaged in serving of refreshments. May plan menus and
supervise activities of food-service workers. May plan and participate in social activities, games,
and sports, depending on nature of establishment or function. May deposit or pick up guests at
railway station, home, or other location as directed.
352.667-014 PARLOR CHAPERONE (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: counselor
Chaperones young people attending social functions held in
hotels or restaurants: Greets guests and answers questions regarding program. Arranges for
entertainment, such as games, concerts, and motion pictures. Asks guests to observe rules of
establishment or reports offenders to HOUSE OFFICER (hotel & rest.). May collect tickets for
admission to events.
352.677-010 PASSENGER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE I (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: host/hostess, railway
Renders personal services to railroad passengers to make their
trip pleasant and comfortable: Straightens seat cushions and window shades to prepare cars for
passengers. Greets passengers boarding trains and introduces passengers to each other. Answers
questions about train schedules, travel routes, and railway services. Assists in feeding and caring
for children during transit. Assists ill passengers.
352.677-014 RECEPTIONIST, AIRLINE LOUNGE (air trans.)
Admits members and guests to airline lounge, serves
beverages and snacks, and provides other personal services as requested: Opens door to lounge in
response to sound of buzzer, verifies membership cards, and admits and seats members and
guests. Serves refreshments such as cocktails, coffee and snacks. Answers questions regarding
scheduled flights and terminal facilities. Verifies passengers' reservations. Directs or
accompanies passengers to departure gates, rest rooms and other terminal facilities. Relays
requests for paging service, using telephone. Opens cans, bottles, and packages; brews coffee;
and arranges pastry, nuts, and appetizers on serving trays. Removes used ash trays, glasses, and
dishes from tables and picks up trash.
352.677-018 WAITER/WAITRESS, CLUB (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: page
Attends members in private club by performing duties, such
as the following: Takes orders for food and beverages and serves members in dining room or
clubrooms. Brings cards, chips, amusement devices, candies, tobacco, and other articles as
requested. Places orders for clubroom reservation. Delivers telephone, telegraph, and personal
messages. Removes card tables, sweeps and dusts furniture and woodwork, vacuums rugs, and
otherwise keeps rooms and halls clean.
This group includes occupations concerned with escorting individuals or groups on hunting and fishing trips, cruises, sightseeing tours, and through such places of interest as industrial establishments, public buildings, museums, and art galleries.
353.137-010 GUIDE, CHIEF AIRPORT (air trans.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
conducting guided tours at airport: Arranges tours according to interests of groups, such as
school children, foreign visitors, and civic or private organizations. Schedules tours to avoid
interruption of airport operations and minimize congestion. Assigns workers to guide tours.
Provides information to workers about interests of specific groups. Coaches workers on
organization, history, and function of airport, and use of airport facilities. Observes workers'
dress and performance on guided tours to assure conformance to department standards. Confers
with public relations personnel to plan special event programs. Prepares reports showing number
of people taking tours, type of tours, and public reaction.
353.161-010 GUIDE, HUNTING AND FISHING (amuse. & rec.)
Plans, organizes and conducts hunting and fishing trips for
individuals and groups: Plans itinerary for hunting and fishing trips applying knowledge of
countryside to determine best route and sites. Arranges for transporting sportsman, equipment
and supplies to hunting or fishing area using horses, land vehicles, motorboat, or airplane.
Explains hunting and fishing laws to ensure compliance. Instructs members of party in use of
hunting or fishing gear. Prepares meals for members of party. Administers first aid to injured
sportsmen. May care for animals. May sell or rent equipment, clothing and supplies. May pilot
airplane or drive land and water vehicles.
353.164-010 GUIDE, ALPINE (personal ser.)
Organizes and conducts mountain-climbing expeditions for
adventurers or tourists: Arranges for camping and climbing equipment, transportation to site of
ascent, and services of medical or other personnel as needed. Selects ascent consistent with
experience and endurance of members of climbing party. Leads party to site of ascent and during
climb. Gives advice and instruction to climbing novices in accepted techniques and use of
equipment. May obtain permits to climb in restricted areas and verify quantity and quality of
client-furnished equipment to ensure fulfillment of prerequisites prior to departure. May give
classroom instructions in mountaineering and wilderness survival.
353.167-010 GUIDE, TRAVEL (personal ser.) alternate titles: guide, excursion; guide, itinerary; guide, tour
Arranges transportation and other accommodations for groups
of tourists, following planned itinerary, and escorts groups during entire trip, within single area
or at specified stopping points of tour: Makes reservations on ships, trains, and other modes of
transportation, and arranges for other accommodations, such as baggage handling, dining and
lodging facilities, and recreational activities, using communication media, such as cable,
telegraph, or telephone. Accompanies tour group and describes points of interest. May assist
tourists to plan itinerary, obtain travel certificates, such as visas, passports, and health
certificates, and convert currency into travelers' checks or foreign moneys. May be designated
according to method of transportation used as Guide, Cruise (personal ser.); or locality of tour as
Guide, Domestic Tour (personal ser.); Guide, Foreign Tour (personal ser.).
353.363-010 GUIDE, SIGHTSEEING (amuse. & rec.; personal ser.) alternate titles: barker; cicerone; spieler
Drives motor vehicle to transport sightseers and lectures
group concerning points of interest during sightseeing tour: Drives limousine or sightseeing bus,
stopping vehicle at establishments or locations, such as art gallery, museum, battlefield, and
cave, to permit group to be escorted through buildings by GUIDE, ESTABLISHMENT (any
industry) 353.367-014. Describes points of interest along route of tour, using public address
system or megaphone. May collect fees or tickets, and plan refreshment and rest stops. May
escort group through establishment and describe points of interest. May operate tram to transport
patrons through amusement park and be designated Tram Operator (amuse. & rec.).
353.364-010 DUDE WRANGLER (amuse. & rec.)
Performs combination of the following services for patrons of
dude ranch to enhance guests' enjoyment: Saddles and unsaddles horses, adjusting equipment to
accommodate each guest. Assists guests in mounting and dismounting. Plans itinerary of trips,
taking into consideration wishes and preferences of guests, knowledge of terrain, and location of
suitable campsites. Packs horses with supplies and provisions for extended or overnight trips.
Drives or leads pack horses. Pitches camp, prepares fire, and participates in cooking for camping
parties. Advises guests concerning suitable hunting and fishing sites and applicable conservation
and wildlife laws. Entertains guests by singing, telling stories, or playing guitar or other
instrument. Escorts female guests to dances and other social functions. May participate in rodeos
provided by ranch management for entertainment of guests. May repair saddles.
353.367-010 GUIDE (personal ser.) alternate titles: guide, visitor
Escorts visitors around city or town: Advises visitors, such as
convention delegates, foreign government personnel, or salesmen, as to location of buildings,
points of interest, and other sites, or escorts visitors to designated locations, using private or
public transportation. May carry equipment, luggage, or sample cases for visitors. May be
required to speak foreign language when communicating with foreign visitors. May be
designated according to type of visitor directed or escorted as Guide, Delegate (personal ser.).
353.367-014 GUIDE, ESTABLISHMENT (any industry) alternate titles: guide, tour
Escorts group of people through establishment, such as
museum, aquarium, or public or historical building, or through historic or scenic outdoor site,
such as battlefield, park, or cave, usually following specified route: Lectures concerning size,
value, and history of establishment, points out features of interest, and gives other information
peculiar to establishment. Answers questions of group. Assumes responsibility for safety of
group. May collect fees from members of group. May solicit patronage. May distribute brochures
on establishment or historical site to visitors. May be designated Airport Guide (air trans.).
353.367-018 GUIDE, PLANT (any industry) alternate titles: plant tour guide
Escorts group of people through industrial establishment, and
describes features of interest: Leads way along specified route and explains various processes
and operation of machines. Answers questions and supplies information on work of department
or departments visited.
353.367-022 PAGE (radio-tv broad.)
Conducts visitors on tours of radio and television station
facilities and explains duties of staff, operation of equipment, and methods of broadcasting.
Utilizing general knowledge of various phases of radio and television station operations. Runs
errands within studio. May relieve telephone switchboard operator. May perform general clerical
duties such as taking messages, filing, and typing.
353.667-010 ESCORT (any industry)
Guides visitors to destinations in industrial establishment:
Escorts visitors to office, department, or section of plant. May collect and deliver mail and
messages. May issue identification badges and safety devices to visitors.
354 UNLICENSED BIRTH ATTENDANTS AND PRACTICAL NURSES
This group includes occupations concerned with bathing patients, taking and recording pulse and temperature readings, giving injections, assisting women in childbirth, caring for and feeding infants, giving first aid, and performing similar routine nursing tasks. Knowledge is acquired primarily through practical experience. Licensed practical nursing occupations are included in Group 079.
354.374-010 NURSE, PRACTICAL (medical ser.)
Cares for patients and children in private homes, hospitals,
sanatoriums, industrial plants, and similar institutions: Bathes and dresses bed patients, combs
hair, and otherwise attends to their comfort and personal appearance. Cleans room, and changes
bed linen. Takes and records temperature, pulse, and respiration rate. Gives medication as
directed by physician or NURSE, GENERAL DUTY (medical ser.) 075.364-010, and makes
notation of amount and time given. Gives enemas, douches, massages, and alcohol rubs. Applies
hot and cold compresses and hot water bottles. Sterilizes equipment and supplies, using
germicides, sterilizer, or autoclave. Prepares food trays, feeds patients, and records food and
liquid intake and output. Cooks, washes, cleans, and does other housekeeping duties in private
home. May give injections. May care for infants and small children in private home. For practical
nurses meeting state licensing requirements see NURSE, LICENSED PRACTICAL (medical
354.377-010 BIRTH ATTENDANT (medical ser.)
Provides assistance to women during childbirth, in absence of
medical practitioner. May function under supervision of local or state health department.
354.377-014 HOME ATTENDANT (personal ser.) alternate titles: home health aide
Cares for elderly, convalescent, or handicapped persons in
patient's home, performing any combination of following tasks: Changes bed linens, washes and
irons patient's laundry, and cleans patient's quarters. Purchases, prepares, and serves food for
patient and other members of family, following special prescribed diets. Assists patients into and
out of bed, automobile, or wheelchair, to lavatory, and up and down stairs. Assists patient to
dress, bathe, and groom self. Massages patient and applies preparations and treatments, such as
liniment or alcohol rubs and heat-lamp stimulation. Administers prescribed oral medications
under written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse. Accompanies ambulatory
patients outside home, serving as guide, companion, and aide. Entertains patient, reads aloud,
and plays cards or other games with patient. Performs variety of miscellaneous duties as
requested, such as obtaining household supplies and running errands. May maintain records of
services performed and of apparent condition of patient. May visit several households to provide
daily health care to patients.
354.677-010 FIRST-AID ATTENDANT (any industry) alternate titles: nurse, first aid
Renders first aid and subsequent treatment to injured or ill
employees at industrial plant, commercial establishment, mine, or construction site: Sterilizes,
disinfects, anoints, and bandages minor cuts and burns. Applies artificial respiration or
administers oxygen, in cases of suffocation and asphyxiation. Administers medications, such as
aspirin or antiseptic solution, to relieve pain or prevent infection until patient can receive
professional care, and gives prescribed medicines and treatments for illness. Changes beds,
cleans equipment, and maintains infirmary for ward patients. Aids physician during emergency
situations. Keeps personal and medical records of employees.
355 ATTENDANTS, HOSPITALS, MORGUES, AND RELATED HEALTH SERVICES
This group includes occupations concerned with attending to the physical comfort, safety, and appearance of patients; performing routine menial tasks; and assisting in conducting occupational and recreational therapy.
355.354-010 PHYSICAL THERAPY AIDE (medical ser.)
Prepares patients for physical therapy treatments, assists
PHYSICAL THERAPIST (medical ser.) 076.121-014 or PHYSICAL THERAPIST
ASSISTANT (medical ser.) 076.224-010 during administration of treatments, and provides
routine treatments: Assists patients to dress, undress, and put on and remove supportive devices,
such as braces, splints, and slings, before and after treatments. Secures patients into or onto
therapy equipment. Safeguards, motivates, and assists patients practicing exercises and
functional activities under direction of professional staff. Provides routine treatments, such as
hydrotherapy, hot and cold packs, and paraffin bath. Transports patients to and from treatment
area. Cleans work area and equipment after treatment. May record treatment given and
equipment used. May inventory and requisition supplies and equipment. May adjust fit of
supportive devices for patients, as instructed. May be assigned to specific type of treatment or
patient service and be designated Physical Therapy Aide, Hydrotherapy (medical ser.); Physical
Therapy Aide, Transport (medical ser.).
355.374-010 AMBULANCE ATTENDANT (medical ser.)
Accompanies and assists AMBULANCE DRIVER (medical
ser.) on calls: Assists in lifting patient onto wheeled cart or stretcher and into and out of
ambulance. Renders first aid, such as bandaging, splinting, and administering oxygen. May be
required to have Red Cross first-aid training certificate.
355.374-014 CERTIFIED MEDICATION TECHNICIAN (medical ser.)
Administers prescribed medications to patients and maintains
related medical records under supervision of NURSE, GENERAL DUTY (medical ser.)
075.364-010: Verifies identity of patient receiving medication and records name of drug, dosage,
and time of administration on specified forms or records. Presents medication to patient and
observes ingestion or other application, or administers medication, using specified procedures.
Takes vital signs or observes patient to detect response to specified types of medications and
prepares report or notifies designated personnel of unexpected reactions. Documents reasons
prescribed drugs are not administered. Gives direct patient care, such as bathing, dressing, and
feeding patients, and assisting in examinations and treatments [NURSE AIDE (medical ser.)
355.674-014]. May receive supply of ordered medications and apportion, mix, or assemble drugs
for administration to patient. May record and restock medication inventories.
355.377-010 OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AIDE (medical ser.)
Assists OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST (medical ser.)
076.121-010 or OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ASSISTANT (medical ser.) 076.364-010 in
occupational therapy program in hospital or similar institution: Performs program support
services, such as transporting patient, assembling equipment, and preparing and maintaining
work areas, as directed by professional staff. Assists in maintaining supplies and equipment. May
help professional staff demonstrate therapy techniques, such as manual and creative arts, games,
and daily living activities to patients. May assist in selected aspects of patient services as
355.377-014 PSYCHIATRIC AIDE (medical ser.) alternate titles: assistant therapy aide; asylum attendant; charge attendant; chemical dependency attendant; psychiatric attendant; ward attendant
Assists patients, working under direction of nursing and
medical staff in psychiatric, chemical dependency, or similar setting: Accompanies patients to
shower rooms, and assists them in bathing, dressing, and grooming. Accompanies patients to and
from wards for examination and treatment, administers prescribed medications, measures vital
signs, performs routine nursing procedures, such as collecting laboratory specimens, giving
enemas and douches, and drawing blood samples, and records information in patients' charts.
Assists patients in becoming accustomed to hospital routine and encourages them to participate
in social and recreational activities to promote rehabilitation. Observes patients to ensure that
none wanders from ward areas or grounds. Feeds patients or attempts to persuade them to eat,
and notes and records reasons for rejection of food. Observes patients to detect unusual behavior,
and aids or restrains them to prevent injury to themselves or others. May escort patients off
grounds to medical or dental appointments, library, church services, motion pictures, or athletic
events. May clean rooms, ward furnishings, walls, and floors, using water, detergents, and
disinfectants. May change bed linens. May interview patients upon admission and record data
obtained. May be designated Ward Supervisor (medical ser.) when responsible for patient care
and other services of single ward.
355.377-018 MENTAL-RETARDATION AIDE (medical ser.) alternate titles: resident care aide
Assists in providing self-care training and therapeutic
treatments to residents of mental retardation center: Demonstrates activities such as bathing and
dressing to train residents in daily self-care practices. Converses with residents to reinforce
positive behaviors and to promote social interaction. Serves meals and eats with residents to act
as role model. Accompanies residents on shopping trips and instructs and counsels residents in
purchase of personal items. Aids staff in administering therapeutic activities, such as physical
exercises, occupational arts and crafts, and recreational games, to residents. Restrains disruptive
residents to prevent injury to themselves and others. Observes and documents residents'
behaviors, such as speech production, feeding patterns, and toilet training, to facilitate
assessment and development of treatment goals. Attends to routine health-care needs of residents
under supervision of medical personnel. May give medications as prescribed by physician. May
train parents or guardians in care of deinstitutionalized residents.
355.667-010 MORGUE ATTENDANT (medical ser.)
Prepares bodies, specimens of human organs, and morgue
room to assist PATHOLOGIST (medical ser.) in postmortem examinations: Places body in
compartment tray of refrigerator or on autopsy table, using portable hoist and stretcher. Lays out
surgical instruments and laboratory supplies for postmortem examinations. Washes table, storage
trays, and instruments, sharpens knives, and replaces soiled linens. Records identifying
information for morgue file. Releases body to authorized person. May close post mortem
incisions, using surgical needle and cord. May fill cranium with plaster. May feed, water, and
clean quarters for animals used in medical research. May prepare preserving solutions according
to formulas. May preserve specimens and stain slides. May photograph specimens.
355.674-010 CHILD-CARE ATTENDANT, SCHOOL (personal ser.)
Attends to personal needs of handicapped children while in
school to receive specialized academic and physical training: Wheels handicapped children to
classes, lunchrooms, treatment rooms, and other areas of building. Secures children in
equipment, such as chairs, slings, or stretchers, and places or hoists children into baths or pools.
Monitors children using life support equipment to detect indications of malfunctioning of
equipment and calls for medical assistance when needed. Helps children to walk, board buses,
put on prosthetic appliances, eat, dress, bathe, and perform other physical activities as their needs
355.674-014 NURSE ASSISTANT (medical ser.) alternate titles: nurse aide
Performs any combination of following duties in care of
patients in hospital, nursing home, or other medical facility, under direction of nursing and
medical staff: Answers signal lights, bells, or intercom system to determine patients' needs.
Bathes, dresses, and undresses patients. Serves and collects food trays and feeds patients
requiring help. Transports patients, using wheelchair or wheeled cart, or assists patients to walk.
Drapes patients for examinations and treatments, and remains with patients, performing such
duties as holding instruments and adjusting lights. Turns and repositions bedfast patients, alone
or with assistance, to prevent bedsores. Changes bed linens, runs errands, directs visitors, and
answers telephone. Takes and records temperature, blood pressure, pulse and respiration rates,
and food and fluid intake and output, as directed. Cleans, sterilizes, stores, prepares, and issues
dressing packs, treatment trays, and other supplies. Dusts and cleans patients' rooms. May be
assigned to specific area of hospital, nursing home, or medical facility. May assist nursing staff
in care of geriatric patients and be designated Geriatric Nurse Assistant (medical ser.). May assist
in providing medical treatment and personal care to patients in private home settings and be
designated Home Health Aide (medical ser.).
355.674-018 ORDERLY (medical ser.)
Performs any combination of following tasks, as directed by
nursing and medical staff, to care for patients in hospital, nursing home, or other medical facility:
Bathes patients and gives alcohol rubs. Measures and records intake and output of liquids, and
takes and records temperature, and pulse and respiration rate. Gives enemas. Carries meal trays
to patients and feeds patients unable to feed themselves. Lifts patients onto and from bed, and
transports patients to other areas, such as operating and x-ray rooms, by rolling bed, or using
wheelchair or wheeled stretcher. Sets up equipment, such as oxygen tents, portable x-ray
machines, and overhead irrigation bottles. Makes beds and collects soiled linen. Cleans rooms
and corridors. Bathes deceased patients, accompanies body to morgue, and places personal
belongings in mortuary box. Administers catheterizations and bladder irrigations. Accompanies
discharged patients home or to other institutions.
355.674-022 RESPIRATORY-THERAPY AIDE (medical ser.)
Performs any combination of following tasks to assist
personnel in Respiratory Therapy Department: Cleans, disinfects, and sterilizes equipment used
in administration of respiratory therapy. Examines equipment to detect worn tubes, loose
connections, or other indications of disrepair, and notifies supervisor of need for maintenance.
Starts equipment and observes gauges measuring pressure, rate of flow, and continuity to test
equipment, and notifies supervisor of malfunctions. Assists in preparation of inventory records.
Delivers oxygen tanks and other equipment and supplies to specified hospital locations. Assists
in administration of gas or aerosol therapy as directed by RESPIRATORY THERAPIST
(medical ser.) 076.361-014 and prescribed by physician.
355.677-014 TRANSPORTER, PATIENTS (medical ser.) alternate titles: escort, patients
Escorts or transports patients within hospital or other medical
facility: Determines patient name, destination, mode of travel, time, and other data, following
written or oral instructions. Directs or escorts incoming patients from admitting office or
reception desk to designated area. Carries patient's luggage. Assists patient in walking to prevent
accidents by falling, or transports nonambulatory patient, using wheelchair. Transports patient,
alone or with assistance, in bed, wheeled cart, or wheelchair to designated areas within facility
during patient stay. Delivers messages, mail, medical records, and other items.
355.687-014 GRAVES REGISTRATION SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Collects and identifies remains of deceased military
personnel, both buried and unburied, and evacuates bodies to rear area for burial activities:
Searches battlefields and other areas for unburied dead and for isolated and unmarked graves.
Exhumes bodies of buried dead. Examines immediate area for identification items, such as dog
tags, watches, and similar personal effects, and transports remains and personal effects to rear
area. Takes fingerprints, skeletal x rays, and prepares teeth chart to aid in identifying remains.
Examines remains, removes personal effects, and records property inventory on designated
forms. Records identity of remains including name, military unit, location, and cause and date of
death. Indicates location of temporary graves on map, sketch, or overlay for purposes of future
357 BAGGAGE HANDLERS
This group includes occupations concerned with carrying bags for passengers in train, bus, marina and airplane terminals; checking baggage and calling taxicabs; pushing wheelchairs for invalids; and connecting marine utilities to boats for customers. Occupations concerned with handling of baggage for guests of hotels and related establishments are included in Group 324.
357.477-010 BAGGAGE CHECKER (air trans.; motor trans.) alternate titles: luggage checker
Receives and returns baggage to passengers at motorbus or
airline terminals: Prepares and attaches baggage claim checks. Stacks baggage on specified carts
or conveyors. Returns baggage to patrons on receipt of claim check. May receive, weigh, and bill
parcels for express shipment by bus. May weigh baggage and collect excess weight charge. May
complete baggage insurance forms, determine rate from schedule and collect charge from
357.677-010 PORTER (air trans.; motor trans.; r.r. trans.) alternate titles: porter, baggage; redcap
Carries baggage for passengers of airline, railroad, or
motorbus by hand or handtruck, to waiting or baggage room, onto train or bus, or to taxicab or
private automobile. Performs related services, such as calling taxicabs, directing persons to ticket
windows and rest rooms, and assisting handicapped passengers upon their arrival or departure.
May clean terminal floors; wash walls, windows and counters; and dust furniture. When
employed in airline terminal, is designated Skycap (air trans.).
358 CHECKROOM, LOCKER ROOM, AND REST ROOM ATTENDANTS
This group includes occupations concerned with serving clients of checkrooms, locker rooms, or rest rooms. Includes storing apparel or valuables, issuing claim checks and returning items on demand; providing towels or soap; and over-seeing children in shower or rest rooms of schools and institutions.
358.137-010 CHECKROOM CHIEF (any industry)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
storing guests' wearing apparel, parcels and other articles in checkrooms of establishment.
Reviews printed schedule of activities to determine services needed. Assigns work schedules and
keeps time records of personnel. Receives customers' complaints concerning quality of service
and rectifies or instructs workers to rectify complaints. Submits reports of unclaimed or lost
articles to hotel security department. Performs duties as described under CHECKROOM
ATTENDANT (any industry).
358.677-010 CHECKROOM ATTENDANT (any industry)
Stores wearing apparel, luggage, bundles, and other articles
for patrons of an establishment or employees of business establishment, issuing claim check for
articles checked and returning articles on receipt of check. May be designated according to article
stored as Baggage Checker (any industry); Coat Checker (any industry); Hat Checker (any
industry); Stand-By (motion picture); Wrap Checker (any industry).
358.677-014 LOCKER-ROOM ATTENDANT (personal ser.) alternate titles: cage clerk; dressing-room attendant; locker attendant; locker-room clerk; personal attendant; suit attendant
Assigns dressing room facilities, locker space or clothing
containers, and supplies to patrons of athletic or bathing establishment: Issues dressing room or
locker key. Receives patron's clothing-filled container, furnishes claim check, places container on
storage shelf or rack, and returns container upon receipt of claim check. Issues athletic
equipment, bathing suit, or supplies, such as soap and towels. May arrange for valet services,
such as clothes pressing and shoeshining. May collect soiled linen and perform cleaning tasks,
such as mop dressing room floors, wash shower room walls and clean bathroom facilities. May
collect fees for use of facilities, equipment, or supplies. May pack athletic uniforms and
equipment for individual or team out-of-town sporting events. May attend to needs of athletic
team in team clubhouse and be designated Clubhouse Attendant (amuse. & rec.). May provide
baseball players with baseball bats, retrieve bats and foul balls from field, and supply balls to
game officials and be designated Bat Boy/Girl (amuse. & rec.).
358.677-018 REST ROOM ATTENDANT (any industry) alternate titles: lavatory attendant; toilet attendant; washroom attendant
Serves patrons of lavatories in store, public building, hotel, or
similar establishment by providing soap and towels, brushing patrons' clothing, shining shoes,
sewing on loose buttons, and performing related services. Replenishes rest room supplies. May
scrub lavatory, floors, walls, mirrors, and fixtures, using brushes, detergent, and water. May
administer first aid to ill or injured patrons.
358.687-010 CHANGE-HOUSE ATTENDANT (any industry) alternate titles: dry boss; dry janitor; shower room attendant
Maintains building, such as locker room of golf club, change
house of mining camp, or shower facilities of industrial plant, in which patrons or workers
shower and change clothes: Sweeps floor and scrubs shower stalls, using broom, brushes, and
soap and water. Opens windows to control ventilation or adjusts controls of automatic heating,
cooling, or dehumidifying unit to maintain healthful and comfortable conditions. May fire boiler
to heat water for bathing or heating facility. May place contaminated work clothes in vacuum
chamber for removal of toxic chemical dust. May requisition and issue supplies, such as soap,
towels, and protective clothing.
359 MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with personal services.
359.137-010 SUPERVISOR, HOSPITALITY HOUSE (amuse. & rec.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
greeting, guiding, and serving patrons in amusement and recreation facilities: Formulates roster
and personnel work assignments to assure work coverage. Explains work procedures for
subordinates. Prepares written reports of operational activities to aid in planning future activities.
Verifies cleanliness of facilities and operability of equipment and forwards work order forms on
equipment requiring maintenance or repair to management. Inventories and orders supplies,
checks and turns in receipts, and reviews correspondence. Attends meeting to plan future
operational activities and implementation of plans with other department heads.
359.363-010 HEALTH-EQUIPMENT SERVICER (medical ser.)
Delivers, installs, demonstrates, and maintains rental medical
equipment, such as respirator, oxygen equipment, hospital beds, and wheelchairs, for use in
private residences: Loads medical equipment on truck and delivers equipment to renter's or
patient's residence. Unloads, installs, and sets up equipment, using handtools. Inspects and
maintains rental oxygen equipment, performing such tasks as inspecting hoses and water traps to
detect leaks and condensation; observing gauges of oxygen analyzer, pressure gauges, and other
monitoring equipment to determine pressure and oxygen content of air output of compressors
and concentrators; and changing filters. Maintains record on oxygen equipment by hours of
usage to determine need for maintenance.
359.367-010 ESCORT (personal ser.) alternate titles: guide escort
Acts as social partner for person of opposite sex to enable
individual to attend functions, participate in activities requiring a partner, or provide
companionship or protection while visiting public establishments, such as restaurants, night
clubs, theaters, and gambling houses. May suggest places of entertainment and arrange for
transportation and tickets. May speak one or more foreign languages. May accompany individual
on sightseeing tour [GUIDE, SIGHTSEEING (amuse. & rec.; personal ser.) 353.363-010].
359.367-014 WEIGHT-REDUCTION SPECIALIST (personal ser.) alternate titles: nutrition educator
Assists clients in devising and carrying out weight-loss plan,
using established dietary programs and positive reinforcement procedures: Interviews client to
obtain information on weight development history, eating habits, medical restrictions, and
nutritional objectives. Weighs and measures client, using measuring instruments, and enters data
on client record. Discusses eating habits with client to identify dispensable food items and to
encourage increased consumption of high nutrition, low calorie food items, or selects established
diet program which matches client goals and restrictions. Explains program and procedures
which should be followed to lose desired amount of weight, and answers client questions.
Reviews client food diary at regular intervals to identify eating habits which do not coincide with
established or agreed upon dietary program, and reviews weight loss statistics to determine
progress. Counsels client to promote established goals and to reinforce positive results. May
photograph client during therapy to provide visual record of progress. May conduct aversion
therapy, utilizing electric shock, rancid odors, and other physical or visual stimuli to promote
negative association with food designated for elimination from diet. May conduct positive
conditioning therapy sessions, utilizing physical and visual stimuli to promote positive
association with foods designated for increase in diet. May give client weight-loss aids, such as
calorie counters, or sell nutritional products to be used in conjunction with diet program.
359.567-010 REDUCING-SALON ATTENDANT (personal ser.)
Measures, weighs and records patron's body statistics, refers
information to supervisor for evaluation and planning of exercise program, and demonstrates
exercises and use of equipment. Monitors member's exercise activities to assure progress toward
desired goals. Records patron's measurements periodically for re-evaluation.
359.573-010 BLIND AIDE (personal ser.) alternate titles: clerk guide; escort, blind
Performs any combination of following duties to assist blind
persons: Drives motor vehicle to transport blind persons to specified locations according to their
personal and business activities. Carries brief or sample cases. Assists client with dressing,
moving from one location to another, obtaining information, or other personal service. Prepares
and maintains records of assistance rendered. May type correspondence and reports
[CLERK-TYPIST (clerical)]. May assist teacher of blind in routine classroom activities such as
toiletry or group school activities.
359.667-010 CHAPERON (personal ser.)
Accompanies minors on trips to educational institutions,
public functions, or recreational activities such as dances, concerts, or sports events, to provide
adult supervision in absence of parents. Follows parents' instructions regarding minors' activities
and imposes limitations and restrictions to ensure their safety, well-being, and conformance to
specified behavior standards. May plan free-time activities. May arrange for transportation,
tickets, and meals.
359.673-010 CHAUFFEUR (domestic ser.) alternate titles: driver
Drives private car as ordered by owner or other passenger and
performs other miscellaneous duties: Assists passengers to enter and leave car and holds
umbrellas in wet weather. Keeps car clean, polished, and in operating condition. May make
minor repairs, such as fixing punctures, cleaning spark plugs, or adjusting carburetor. May assist
CARETAKER (domestic ser.) with heavy work. May groom and exercise pets.
359.673-014 CHAUFFEUR, FUNERAL CAR (personal ser.) alternate titles: funeral driver
Drives mortuary vehicles, such as hearses and limousines:
Drives hearse to transport bodies to mortuary for embalming and from mortuary to place of
funeral service or interment. Helps PALLBEARERS (personal ser.) to move casket from
mortuary into hearse and from hearse to destination. Arranges flowers in hearse. Drives
limousine in funeral procession, following prearranged schedule, to transport mourners. Assists
passengers entering or leaving limousine. May clean vehicles prior to funeral. May dust furniture
and sweep floors in mortuary. May be designated according to type of vehicle driven as
Funeral-Limousine Driver (personal ser.); Hearse Driver (personal ser.).
359.677-010 ATTENDANT, CHILDREN'S INSTITUTION (any industry) alternate titles: child-care attendant; house parent
Cares for group of children housed in city, county, private, or
other similar institution, under supervision of superintendent of home: Awakens children each
morning and ensures children are dressed, fed, and ready for school or other activity. Gives
instructions to children regarding desirable health and personal habits. Plans and leads
recreational activities and participates or instructs children in games. Disciplines children and
recommends or initiates other measures to control behavior. May make minor repairs to clothing.
May supervise housekeeping activities of other workers in assigned section of institution. May
counsel or provide similar diagnostic or therapeutic services to mentally disturbed, delinquent, or
handicapped children. May escort child to designated activities. May perform housekeeping
duties in children's living area.
359.677-014 FUNERAL ATTENDANT (personal ser.) alternate titles: undertaker assistant; usher
Performs variety of tasks during funeral: Places casket in
parlor or chapel prior to wake or funeral service and arranges floral offerings and lights around
casket, following instructions of DIRECTOR, FUNERAL (personal ser.) or EMBALMER
(personal ser.). Directs or escorts mourners to parlor or chapel in which wake or funeral is held.
Assists DIRECTOR, FUNERAL (personal ser.) to close coffin. Carries flowers to hearse or
limousine for transportation to place of interment. Assists mourners into and out of limousines.
Issues and stores funeral equipment, such as casket lowering devices and grass mats used at place
of interment. May carry casket [PALLBEARER (personal ser.)].
359.677-018 NURSERY SCHOOL ATTENDANT (any industry) alternate titles: child-care leader; child-day-care center worker; day care worker
Organizes and leads activities of prekindergarten children in
nursery schools or in playrooms operated for patrons of theaters, department stores, hotels, and
similar organizations: Helps children remove outer garments. Organizes and participates in
games, reads to children, and teaches them simple painting, drawing, handwork, songs, and
similar activities. Directs children in eating, resting, and toileting. Helps children develop habits
of caring for own clothing and picking up and putting away toys and books. Maintains discipline.
May serve meals and refreshments to children and regulate rest periods. May assist in preparing
food and cleaning quarters.
359.677-022 PASSENGER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE (air trans.)
Renders variety of personal services to airline passengers
requiring other than normal service, such as company officials, distinguished persons, foreign
speaking passengers, invalids, and unaccompanied children: Greets and escorts distinguished
persons to lounge or waiting area. Transports special passengers between lobby and boarding
area, using electric cart. Gives aid to ill or injured passengers and obtains medical assistance.
Informs relatives of passengers whereabouts and condition. Assists elderly persons and
unaccompanied children in claiming personal belongings and baggage. Prepares baby food for
mothers with infants. Accompanies foreign speaking passengers, or aliens traveling without
visas, aboard airplane and introduces them to AIRPLANE-FLIGHT ATTENDANT (air trans.).
Arranges for air commuter and ground transportation. Teletypes or telephones down-line stations
regarding special services for arriving passengers.
359.677-026 PLAYROOM ATTENDANT (any industry) alternate titles: kindergartner
Entertains children in nursery of department store, country
club, or similar establishment as service to patrons. Reads aloud, organizes and participates in
games, and gives elementary lessons in arts or crafts.
359.677-030 RESEARCH SUBJECT (any industry) alternate titles: subject, scientific research
Submits to scientifically conducted research relating to such
fields as medicine, psychology, or consumer-product testing: Participates in activities such as
performing physical tasks, taking psychological tests, or using experimental products, following
instructions of researcher. Replies verbally or records responses to questionnaire to provide
researcher with data for evaluation.
359.685-010 CREMATOR (personal ser.)
Tends retort furnace that cremates human bodies: Slides
casket containing body into furnace. Starts furnace. Adjusts valves to attain extreme heat and to
maintain temperature for specified time. Allows furnace to cool. Removes unburned metal casket
parts from furnace. Scrapes ashes of casket and body from furnace, using handtools. Sifts ashes
through fine screen and removes extraneous material. Places remains in canister and attaches
metal identification tag to canister. Cleans furnace and sweeps and washes floors. May place
rings and jewelry in temporary box for return to relatives. May clean building and fixtures. May
care for lawns and shrubs.
359.687-010 PALLBEARER (personal ser.)
Acts as one of group to carry casket from mortuary to place of
funeral service and interment.
36 APPAREL AND FURNISHINGS SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with improving the appearance of and repairing clothing, furnishings, and accessories.
361 LAUNDERING OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with washing, drying, and mending garments and household furnishings, such as blankets, curtains, and washable rugs, in commercial laundries. Includes sorting soiled articles; examining laundered articles for spots, tears, stains, wrinkles, and other defects; and folding laundered articles.
361.137-010 SUPERVISOR, LAUNDRY (laundry & rel.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
receiving, marking, washing, and ironing clothes or linen in laundry: Determines sequence in
which flatwork, one-day service, and white and colored work are to be scheduled through
laundry to provide quick and efficient service to customers and to regulate work loads. Inspects
articles to determine methods of specific cleaning requirements. Inspects finished laundered
articles to ensure conformance to standards. Observes operation of machines and equipment to
detect possible malfunctions. Investigates and resolves customer complaints of unsatisfactory
work or bundle shortage. Studies literature of launderers' and dry cleaners' associations, and
confers with salespersons to obtain information on new or improved work methods and
equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
May be designated according to activity supervised as Flatwork Supervisor (laundry & rel.);
Laundry-Marker Supervisor (laundry & rel.); Receiving, Marking, And Washing Supervisor
(laundry & rel.); Shirt-Ironer Supervisor (laundry & rel.); Sorting-And-Folding Supervisor
(laundry & rel.); Washroom Supervisor (laundry & rel.).
361.587-010 FLATWORK TIER (laundry & rel.)
Folds, stacks, counts, and wraps ironed flatwork: Verifies
customer's identification accompanying each group of flatwork. Records customer's name on
company invoice. Completes folding of flatwork, such as sheets, pillowcases, and towels. Counts
flatwork for each customer and records amount on production record and invoice. Verifies
customer's count. Wraps flatwork, writes customer's name on bundle, and places bundle in
361.665-010 WASHER, MACHINE (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: steam cleaner, machine; wet cleaner, machine; wet washer, machine
Tends one or more machines that wash commercial,
industrial, or household articles, such as garments, blankets, curtains, draperies, fine linens, and
rags: Loads, or directs workers engaged in loading, machine with articles requiring identical
treatment. Starts machine and turns valves to admit specified amounts of soap, detergent, water,
bluing, and bleach. Adds starch to loads of such articles as curtains or linens, when bell signal
indicates that washing cycle is completed. Removes, or directs workers in removing, articles
from washer and into handtrucks or extractors. May wash delicate fabrics by hand. May mix
solutions, such as bleach, bluing, or starch, and apply them to articles before or after washing to
remove color or improve appearance. May spot-clean articles, before washing, to remove heavy
stains. May sterilize items. May hang curtains, draperies, or blankets on stretch-frames to dry.
May brush blankets, or feed blankets into carding machine, to raise and fluff nap. May pull
trousers over heated metal forms to dry and stretch legs. May load and remove articles from
extractor or drier by hand or hoist, using metal basket or cord mesh bag. May tend semiautomatic
or computer-controlled washing machines that automatically select water levels, temperature,
cleaning additives, and wash cycle according to type of articles to be laundered. May tend
machines that dry articles. When washing contaminated laundry from hospital isolation wards,
may be designated Isolation-Washer (laundry & rel.). May be designated according to type of
articles washed as Flatwork Washer (laundry & rel.); Overall Washer (laundry & rel.); Rag
Washer (laundry & rel.); Washer, Blanket (laundry & rel.).
361.682-010 RUG CLEANER, MACHINE (laundry & rel.)
Operates machine that washes, rinses, and partially dries rugs
and carpets: Starts machine, and turns valves to admit cleaning solutions and water. Feels rug to
determine end to be fed into machine to retain natural lay of pile. Fastens edge of rug to pins on
conveyor bar and guides rug into machine. Sprinkles chemical solutions on stained area to
dissolve stains. Moves levers or turns handwheels to regulate roller clearance, sprayer, water
force, and speed of machine to avoid damage to rugs. May soap and scrub rugs requiring special
attention, using portable scrubber prior to cleaning in machine. May sort rugs according to pile
before cleaning. May turn valve handle to regulate heat when machine is drier equipped. May
sew rugs end-to-end, using rail-mounted sewing machine and portable sewing machine to obtain
continuous rug lengths for processing through machine. May load and push handtruck to
transport rugs within plant.
361.684-010 LAUNDERER, HAND (laundry & rel.)
Washes, dries, and irons articles in hand-laundries and
laundromats, using equipment, such as hand iron, and small washing and drying machines: Sorts
articles on worktable or in baskets on floor to separate special washes, such as fugitives and
starch work. Loads and unloads washing and drying machines, and adds detergent powder and
bleach as required. Folds fluff-dry articles preparatory to wrapping. Presses wearing apparel,
using hand iron [PRESSER, HAND (any industry)]. Assembles, wraps, or bags laundered
articles for delivery to customer. Some hand laundries are machine-equipped and only
touching-up is done by hand iron; in others, some articles, such as flatwork and shirts, are sent to
larger machine-equipped plants.
361.684-014 LAUNDRY WORKER I (any industry) alternate titles: camp-laundry operator; company laundry worker
Washes and irons wearing apparel, sheets, blankets, and other
linens and clothes used by employees of logging, construction, mining, or other camp, or washes
uniforms, aprons, and towels in establishments supplying employees with these linens. Uses
equipment usually found in household or in small laundry.
361.684-018 SPOTTER I (laundry & rel.)
Identifies stains in washable cotton and synthetic garments or
household linens prior to laundering and applies chemicals until stain dissolves, using brush,
sponge, or bone spatula: Sorts stained articles to segregate items stained with oil, grease or
blood. Applies and rubs chemicals into garment, using bone spatula, sponge or brush, until stain
dissolves. Places spotted articles in net bags for return to washroom. Bleaches and washes some
articles in small washing machine.
361.685-010 CONDITIONER-TUMBLER OPERATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: tumbler operator
Tends conditioner machine that semidries and untangles
flatwork preparatory to ironing: Inserts small pieces directly into drum and places large pieces,
such as sheets, on conveyor which feeds into conditioner where items are heated, untangled, and
discharged onto conveyor leading to flatwork ironing machine.
361.685-014 CONTINUOUS-TOWEL ROLLER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: towel-rolling-machine operator
Tends machine that winds washed, damp, or ironed roller
towels into rolls preparatory to ironing or packaging: Wraps end of towel around metal rod and
inserts ends of rod into slots in machine. Swings down hinged tension gate until it latches to put
tension on towel. Pushes and pulls hand-operated clutch bar to start and stop machine. Inspects
towel for stains and holes as it is being wound onto roll. Secures end of wound towel with tape.
Lifts rolled towel from machine. May tend machine that unrolls and folds towels.
361.685-018 LAUNDRY WORKER II (any industry)
Tends laundering machines to clean articles, such as rags,
wiping cloths, filter cloths, bags, sacks, and work clothes: Loads articles into washer and adds
specified amount of detergent, soap, or other cleaning agent. Turns valve to fill washer with
water. Starts machine that automatically washes and rinses articles. Lifts clean, wet articles from
washer and places them successively into wringers and driers for measured time cycles. Sorts
dried articles according to identification numbers or type. Folds and places item in appropriate
storage bin. Lubricates machines, using grease gun and oil can. May dissolve soap granules in
hot water and steam to make liquid soap. May mend torn articles, using needle and thread. May
sort and count articles to verify quantities on laundry lists. May soak contaminated articles in
neutralizer solution in vat to precondition articles for washing. May mix dyes and bleaches
according to formula, and dye and bleach specified articles. May be designated according to
article cleaned as Bag Washer (any industry); Cloth Washer (any industry); Color-Straining-Bag
Washer (textile); Oil-Rag Washer (any industry); Wiping-Rag Washer (tex. prod., nec).
361.685-022 PATCHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (laundry & rel.)
Tends machine that patches articles, such as tablecloths,
sheets, and uniforms: Positions damaged article between platens (heated irons) of machine.
Selects adhesive patching material to match article to be repaired. Cuts out patch with scissors,
and places patch over tear. Reads gauge on machine to ensure that ram is heated to specified
temperature. Presses control button to close press and secure patch on article. May seal
identification tapes on articles.
361.686-010 WASHING-MACHINE LOADER-AND-PULLER (laundry & rel.)
Loads and unloads washing machines in laundry: Pushes
handtruck containing soiled laundry from marking and classifying department to washing
machine and loads articles into machine. Removes washed laundry from machine and places in
extractor baskets. May lift loaded extractor baskets, using power hoist. May place baskets in
extractor and start extractor. May be known according to task performed as Puller (laundry &
rel.); Washer Helper, Machine (laundry & rel.); Washing-Machine Loader (laundry & rel.) I.
361.687-010 ASSEMBLER, WET WASH (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: net checker-hanger
Reassembles washed laundry according to lot number or
individual customer's bundles preparatory to subsequent processing, such as tumbling, starching,
or ironing: Compares pin number on nets of laundry to numbers on laundry ticket and hangs nets
in bins, or slides key-tag onto key-tag holder to assemble lots. Counts key-tags on holder or
compares count of nets in bin to count of pin numbers written on laundry ticket to verify
completed assembly. Loads assembled lots in basket trucks for delivery to other work stations.
361.687-014 CLASSIFIER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: assorter, laundry; separator; soiled linen distributor; sorter, laundry articles
Sorts laundry into lots, such as flatwork, starchwork, and
colored articles prior to washing or ironing: Places sorted articles in bins, nets, or baskets, or onto
conveyor belt. May weigh flatwork and record weight on laundry ticket. May affix customer's
identification mark on articles or fasten identifying pin to nets.
361.687-018 LAUNDRY LABORER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: bundle clerk
Prepares laundry for processing and distributes laundry,
performing any combination of following duties: Opens bundles of soiled laundry. Places
bundles onto conveyor belt or drops down chute for distribution to marking and classification
sections. Weighs laundry on scales and records weight on tickets. Removes bundles from
conveyor and distributes to workers, using handtruck. Fastens identification pins or clips onto
laundry to facilitate subsequent assembly of customers' orders. Sorts net bags containing clean
wash according to customers' identification tags. Sorts empty net bags according to color and
size. Collects identification tags from lots of laundered articles for reuse. Moistens clean wash
preparatory to ironing. Operates power hoist to load and unload washing machines and
extractors. Stacks linen supplies on storage room shelves. Unloads soiled linen from trucks. May
be designated according to duties performed as Bundle Weigher (laundry & rel.); Chute Worker
(laundry & rel.); Clipper (laundry & rel.); Linen-Supply-Room Worker (laundry & rel.); Net
Sorter (laundry & rel.). May be designated: Pin Sorter And Bagger (laundry & rel.); Pin Worker
(laundry & rel.); Washing-Machine Loader (laundry & rel.) II.
361.687-022 LINEN GRADER (laundry & rel.)
Grades laundered towels and similar linens according to
quality, condition, and kind of item. Ties them into bundles of specified size or number of
articles and records contents of each bundle. Stores bundles in bins for delivery to customers of
361.687-026 SHAKER, WEARING APPAREL (laundry & rel.)
Shakes out semidry wearing apparel to prepare it for ironing,
sorting, or folding. Inspects articles for tears or missing buttons, and routes damaged articles to
repair department. Sorts, folds, and stacks articles on handtrucks or hangs them on moving
conveyor. May starch shirt collars and cuffs.
361.687-030 WASHER, HAND (laundry & rel.)
Washes articles, such as curtains, table linens, and lingerie by
hand: Soaps and rubs articles, and rinses them in chemical solutions and clear water. Extracts
excess moisture with hand wringer or tends small extractor [EXTRACTOR OPERATOR (any
industry)]. Hangs articles on racks to dry. May immerse articles in tint or dye solutions to restore
color. May operate small machines to wash articles. May wash and card blankets.
362 DRY CLEANING OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with washing garments, furs, hats, rugs, and other household furnishings with cleaning solvents, in drycleaning plants. Includes washing unusually soiled articles with water, which may or may not be preparatory to washing them with solvents.
362.381-010 SPOTTER II (laundry & rel.)
Identifies stains in wool, synthetic, and silk garments and
household fabrics and applies chemical solutions to remove stains, determining spotting
procedures on basis of type of fabric and nature of stain: Spreads article on worktable and
positions stain over vacuum head or on marble slab. Sprinkles chemical solvents over stain and
pats area with brush or sponge until stain is removed. Applies chemicals to neutralize effect of
solvents. Sprays steam, water, or air over spot to flush out chemicals and dry garment. Applies
bleaching powder to spot and sprays with steam to remove stains from certain fabrics which do
not respond to other cleaning solvents. May mix bleaching agent with hot water in vats and soak
material until bleached. May operate drycleaning machine. May be designated according to type
of material spotted as Silk Spotter (laundry & rel.); Wool Spotter (laundry & rel.).
362.382-010 DRY-CLEANER APPRENTICE (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: dry-cleaning-machine-operator apprentice
Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any
industry) Master Title.
362.382-014 DRY CLEANER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: dry-cleaning-machine operator
Operates dry cleaning machine to clean garments, drapes, and
other materials, utilizing knowledge of cleaning processes, fabrics, and colors: Sorts articles,
places lot of sorted articles in drum of dry cleaning machine. Fastens cover and starts drum
rotating. Turns or pushes valves, levers, and switches to admit cleaning solvent into drum. Adds
liquid soap or chemicals to facilitate cleaning process. Tends extractor that removes excess
cleaning solvent from articles [EXTRACTOR OPERATOR (any industry) 581.685-038]. Tends
tumbler that dries articles and removes odor of solvent from articles [TUMBLER OPERATOR
(laundry & rel.) 369.685-034]. Opens valves of dry cleaning machine to drain dirty solvent into
filter tank. Adds chemicals to solvent to facilitate filtration, and starts electric pumps, forcing
solvent through filters to screen lint, dirt, and other impurities. Pulls sludge box from bottom of
tank to remove sludge. Starts electric pumps and turns valves to operate distilling system that
reclaims dirty solvent. May operate dry cleaning machine that automatically extracts excess
cleaning solvent from articles. May clean by hand articles that cannot be cleaned by machine
because of amount of soil on article or delicacy of fabric [DRY CLEANER, HAND (laundry &
rel.) 362.684-010]. May add chemicals to dry cleaning machine to render garments water
repellant. May spot articles [SPOTTER (laundry & rel.) II 362.381-010].
362.684-010 DRY CLEANER, HAND (laundry & rel.)
Cleans, by hand, articles, such as garments, drapes,
lampshades, and leather goods that require individual treatment or are too delicate for machine
cleaning: Determines whether article will be cleaned with water or drycleaning solvents.
Determines work aids to use, such as cloths, brushes, or sponges. Immerses articles in water or
cleaning solvent, or dips brush or sponge into liquid and rubs article until clean. Observes work
methods to ensure that articles are not damaged. Rinses and dries cleaned article. May bleach
articles, such as draperies and bedspreads, to strip articles of color or discoloration.
362.684-014 FUR CLEANER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: fur dry-cleaner; furrier; sawdust-machine operator
Cleans fur pieces and garments by hand or machine, using
brushes, pads, sawdust, corncob dust, and cleaning fluids, determining procedure and type of
cleaning agent from knowledge of difference in dyed, processed, or natural furs: Examines fur
for damage and to identify type of fur. Cleans furs, using either of following methods: (1)
rubbing lining of garment and brushing collar, cuffs, and soiled areas, using pad and brush
dipped in cleaning solvent or (2) placing furs in drum of cleaning machine containing treated
sawdust or corncob dust. Removes sawdust or corncob dust from cleaned garments, using
compressed air line nozzle or rotating drum. Dries fluid-cleaned garments, using extractor and
either drying cabinet or tumbler drier. Beats or rubs fur with rattan or bamboo stick to fluff fur.
May spray glazing compound on fur and brush by hand. May wash fur garment linings. May iron
362.684-018 FUR CLEANER, HAND (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: fur dry-cleaner, hand
Cleans fur pieces and fur garments, by hand, that are too
delicate to be cleaned by machine: Brushes fur pieces with handbrush dipped in cleaning fluid.
Places garment or piece in box of sawdust or corncob dust and rubs dust through fur with hands
to remove moisture and further clean fur. Removes cleaning dust from furs with electric blower.
May brush or spray glazing compound on furs [FUR GLAZER (fur goods; laundry & rel.)].
362.684-022 FURNITURE CLEANER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: dry cleaner, furniture, hand; furniture shampooer
Cleans upholstered furniture in plant or on customer's
premises, using vacuum cleaner, brush, sponge, drycleaning fluids, or detergent solutions: Cleans
loose dust and dirt from furniture, using vacuum cleaner. Applies cleaning solutions selected
according to stains and pats or rubs stained areas with brush or sponge to remove stains. Scrubs
upholstery with brush and drycleaning solvents or detergent solutions and water to clean
upholstery. Rubs leather or plastic surfaces with oiled cloth and buffs with cloth or hand buffer to
restore softness and luster. May spray upholstery, using spray gun and solutions such as stain
repellent or plastic fluid which reduces soil collection. May polish wooden parts of furniture.
362.684-026 LEATHER CLEANER (laundry & rel.)
Cleans suede and leather garments, such as gloves, jackets,
and coats: Sorts and classifies articles into lots according to color, degree of dirtiness, and work
to be performed. Brushes or sponges stains with fatty liquors (leather oils extracted from hides)
to spot garment preparatory to cleaning. Observes surface and modifies pressure on brush
according to type of leather to avoid damage to garment. Loads sorted articles into drum of
cleaning machine. Turns valve to admit cleaning fluid into drum. Loads cleaned garments into
extractor and tumbler to dry and fluff garments. May hand clean articles that are too delicate or
badly soiled for machine cleaning.
362.685-010 FEATHER RENOVATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: pillow cleaner
Tends renovator machine that cleans feathers for reuse in
pillows: Cuts pillow along seam and empties feathers into hopper of machine that automatically
cleans and sterilizes feathers with ultra violet light or steam and hot air. Clamps new or cleaned
pillow tick over discharge spout to refill pillow. Opens air valve to blow feathers into pillow tick.
May sew opening in tick, using power sewing machine.
362.686-010 DRY-CLEANER HELPER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: cleaner assistant; cleaner helper; dry-cleaning-machine-operator helper
Assists DRY CLEANER (laundry & rel.) to dryclean or
wet-clean garments, drapes, and other articles: Starts drycleaning machines and adds filter
powder and activated carbon to prepare machines for work. Loads and unloads drycleaning and
washing machines, extractor, and tumbler. Moves articles to and from machines, using
handtruck. Scrubs articles, such as shirts and raincoats which require more vigorous action than
obtained from wet-cleaning machines, using brushes and soap solution. Cleans filter on
drycleaning machines. Sorts and distributes cleaned garments to pressers. Performs other duties
as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
362.686-014 RUG-CLEANER HELPER (laundry & rel.)
Performs variety of tasks to assist in cleaning rugs in plant or
at customers' premises: Moves furniture to remove rug to plant or to clear room for cleaning rug
on premises. Pushes vacuum cleaner over rug or feeds rug into machine equipped with rotating
straps or brushes that remove dirt and dust preparatory to scrubbing. Fastens rug to pins attached
to conveyor chain of automatic cleaning machine, as directed by RUG CLEANER, MACHINE
(laundry & rel.). Examines or rubs cleaned rugs with towel to determine cleanliness and notifies
RUG CLEANER, MACHINE (laundry & rel.) if additional cleaning is required. Rolls and wraps
rug with paper or ties it with cord for delivery to customer or storage. May brush or spray sizing
on back of rug. May spray rugs, carpets, and upholstered furniture with insecticides to mothproof
362.687-010 GLOVE CLEANER, HAND (laundry & rel.)
Cleans leather gloves with cleaning solvents, using
handbrush: Soaks gloves in vessel containing cleaning solution. Lays soaked gloves on
worktable and brushes gloves with handbrush until clean, observing texture of leather and
controlling pressure on brush to avoid damage (scuffing) to leather. Clips gloves to hanger or fits
gloves on heated form to dry. May immerse white gloves in solution to prevent yellowing. May
dye gloves or jackets, following customer's specifications.
362.687-014 LINING SCRUBBER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: brusher-down; lining brusher; lining cleaner
Cleans linings of fur garments by scrubbing the linings with
brush dipped in cleaning solvent.
362.687-018 SHAVER (laundry & rel.)
Brushes surface of cleaned suede leather garments with stiff
handbrush to raise nap. May position garment on form and actuate steam and air pressure to
expand garment for ease in brushing.
363 PRESSING OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with removing wrinkles from and restoring shape or giving finish to articles by the application of tension or pressure in commercial laundries, dry cleaning plants, and valet shops. The pressure method is usually accompanied by heat or steam.
363.681-010 SILK FINISHER (laundry & rel.)
Presses drycleaned and wet-cleaned silk and synthetic fiber
garments, using hot-head press or steamtable, puff irons, and hand iron: Operates machine
presses to finish those parts that can be pressed flat and completes other parts of garments by
pressing with hand iron. Finishes parts difficult to reach, such as flounces, by fitting parts over
puff irons. Finishes velvet garments by steaming on buck of hot-head press or steamtable, and
brushing pile (nap) with handbrush. Finishes fancy garments, such as evening gowns and
costumes, with hand iron, applying knowledge of fabrics and heats to produce high quality
finishes which cannot be obtained on machine presses. Presses ties on small pressing machine or
by inserting heated metal form into tie and touching up rough places with hand iron. Finishes
pleated garments, determining size of pleat from evidence of old pleat or from work order (for
new garments) and presses with machine press or hand iron. May press wool fabrics requiring
precision finishing. In establishments where many SILK FINISHERS (laundry & rel.) are
employed may be designated according to specialty as Finisher, Hand (laundry & rel.);
Form-Finishing-Machine Operator (laundry & rel.); Hot-Head-Machine Operator (laundry &
rel.); Pleat Presser (laundry & rel.); Puff-Iron Operator (laundry & rel.) I; Tie Presser (laundry &
rel.); Velvet Steamer (laundry & rel.).
363.682-010 LEATHER FINISHER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: presser, leather garments
Operates hot-head pressing machine to press and shape
drycleaned leather or suede garments: Positions garment on buck of machine and pushes buttons
to lower pressing head of machine onto garment. Rearranges garment on buck, repeating process
until pressing is completed. Brushes suede to raise nap.
363.682-014 PRESSER, ALL-AROUND (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: combination presser
Operates steam pressing machine [PRESSER, MACHINE
(any industry) 363.682-018] or uses hand iron [PRESSER, HAND (any industry) 363.684-018]
to press garments, such as trousers, sweaters, and dresses, usually in small cleaning
establishment. Presses silk garments [SILK FINISHER (laundry & rel.) 363.681-010] and wool
garments [WOOL PRESSER (laundry & rel.) 363.682-018].
363.682-018 PRESSER, MACHINE (any industry) alternate titles: buck presser; finisher, machine; flattening-machine operator; ironer, machine; pressing machine operator; steam flattener; steam presser; steam-press operator
Operates pressing machine to smooth surfaces, flatten seams,
or shape articles, such as garments, drapes, slipcovers, and hose, in manufacturing or dry
cleaning establishments, using either of following methods: (1) Spreads articles to be pressed on
buck (padded table) of machine. Pulls pressing head onto article and depresses pedals or presses
buttons to admit steam from buck through garments to press them and to exhaust steam from
presser. Rearranges articles on buck and repeats process until pressing is complete. (2) Positions
garment on buck and depresses pedal to lower $T3jump iron$T1 onto garment and to apply
pressure. Pushes lever to release steam from iron. Pushes iron attached to movable arm back and
forth over garment and shifts garment under iron until garment is pressed. Hangs pressed articles
on wire hangers. May operate two presses simultaneously, positioning articles on one press while
another article is steamed on other press. May finish pressed articles, using hand or puff irons.
May tend machine that presses and shapes articles, such as shirts, blouses, and sweaters
[PRESSER, FORM (any industry) 363.685-018]. May be designated according to article pressed
as Coat Presser (any industry); Pants Presser (any industry); or according to fabric pressed as
Silk Presser (garment) II; or according to part of garment pressed as Armhole-And-Shoulder
Off-Presser (garment); Lining Presser (laundry & rel.); or according to type of machine used as
Jump-Iron-Machine Presser (garment). May be designated according to article, part, type of
fabric, or machine used as Band Presser (garment); Collar Fuser (garment); Form-Press Operator
(laundry & rel.); Legger-Press Operator (laundry & rel.); Mushroom-Press Operator (laundry &
rel.); Puff-Iron Operator (laundry & rel.) II; Shirt Finisher (garment); Topper-Press Operator
(laundry & rel.); Topper-Press Operator, Automatic (laundry & rel.); Vest-Front Presser
(garment); Wash-Clothes Presser (laundry & rel.); Wool Presser (laundry & rel.).
363.684-010 BLOCKER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: boucle finisher; knitted-garment finisher; knitted-goods shaper; presser-and-blocker, knitted goods; presser-and-shaper, knitted goods
Blocks (shapes) knitted garments after cleaning: Shrinks or
stretches garment by hand until it conforms to original measurements and pins garment to cover
of steamtable or back of pressing machine. Applies steam to garment, as it is held in shape, by
means of hand valves or foot levers. Measures and records dimensions of garments, using
yardstick, cloth tape, or by making perforated outline on paper. Compares cleaned garments with
recorded measurements or perforated paper and returns garments that have shrunk or stretched
for reprocessing. May hang garments on forms corresponding to desired shape and saturate with
steam from nozzle to block garments. May measure customer and record measurements for use
in blocking customer's garments. May fold and wrap garments.
363.684-014 HAT BLOCKER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: hat finisher
Blocks cleaned hats to specified size and shape: Selects
wooden hat block according to size and shape of hat. Mounts hat on block and holds block over
steamer to soften material. Pulls hat down over block to shape crown. Places hat on form of
hat-ironing machine. Depresses pedal to engage automatic hat-ironing machine. Brushes crown
with melted wax to ensure retention of shape during further processing. Removes hat from block
and applies sizing to brim with sponge. Inserts hat in hollow, wooden brim form. Steams or wets
brim and places under heated sandbag to press and shape brim. Rubs or brushes hat to smooth
nap. Applies cleaning solvent with brush or sponge to remove spots. May insert finished hats in
paper bags. May wait on patrons and collect payment. May be designated according to part of hat
blocked as Brim Blocker (laundry & rel.); Crown Blocker (laundry & rel.); or according to
machine operated as Crown-Ironer Operator (laundry & rel.).
363.684-018 PRESSER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: finisher, hand; ironer, hand
Presses articles, such as drapes, knit goods, millinery parts,
parachutes, garments, and slip covers, or delicate textiles, such as lace, synthetics, and silks to
remove wrinkles, flatten seams, and give shape to article, using hand iron: Places article in
position on ironing board or worktable. Smooths and shapes fabric prior to pressing. Sprays
water over fabric to soften fibers when not using steam iron. Adjusts temperature of iron,
according to type of fabric, and uses covering cloths to prevent scorching or to avoid sheen on
delicate fabrics. Pushes and pulls iron over surface of article, according to type of fabric. Fits
odd-shaped pieces which cannot be pressed flat over puff iron. May pin, fold, and hang article
after pressing. May be designated according to article or part pressed as Coat Ironer, Hand
(garment); Lining Presser (garment; laundry & rel.); Seam Presser (garment); Vest Presser
(garment); or according to type of cloth pressed as Cotton Presser (garment); Silk Presser
(garment) I or part pressed as: Flatwork Finisher, Hand (laundry & rel.); Piece Presser (garment);
Pocket Presser (garment); Underpresser, Hand (garment); Waist Presser (garment);
Wearing-Apparel Finisher, Hand (laundry & rel.).
363.685-010 PRESS OPERATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: wearing-apparel presser
Tends pressing-machine (hot-head type) to press washed
wearing apparel, such as uniforms, jackets, aprons, and shirts: Smooths section of garment on
buck (table) of machine, and moistens dry portions of garment with wet cloth or water spray.
Pushes buttons to lower pressing head of machine to press and dry garment. Rearranges garment
on buck, repeating process until pressing is completed. May work as part of team and press only
portion of garment. May tend two or three presses simultaneously, positioning garment on one
press while other presses are closed.
363.685-014 PRESSER, AUTOMATIC (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: press operator, automatic
Tends automatic pressing machine equipped with single or
double upright body forms to press front, yoke, and back of shirts, coats, and other garments: Fits
garment on buck (table) and pulls lever to clamp neckband of garment to buck. Lowers pressing
head to iron yoke. Depresses pedal to clamp tailband in position on buck, and release pressing
head to raised position. Presses control buttons that rotate dressed buck into pressing cabinet for
automatic ironing of front and back of garment. May pull sleeves over forms and shift levers to
move forms into pressing cabinet for ironing. May finish one type of garment, such as duck or
linen coats. May be designated according to type of garment pressed as Shirt Presser, Automatic
(laundry & rel.); Pants Presser, Automatic (laundry & rel.).
363.685-018 PRESSER, FORM (any industry) alternate titles: blocker; pressing-machine operator
Tends machine that presses and blocks (shapes) garments,
such as blouses, coats, dresses, shirts, and sweaters in manufacturing or drycleaning
establishment: Selects pressing form (dummy) according to shape of garment. Positions form on
holder over steaming device, expands or contracts form according to size of garment, and inserts
pin into slot to lock form. Pulls garment over form. Turns dial to regulate steam pressure
according to type of material pressed. Depresses pedals that activate steam and air to press,
block, and dry garment. Removes garment from form and lays garment on table.
363.685-022 PRESSER, HANDKERCHIEF (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: handkerchief ironer
Tends machine that fluffs and irons flatwork articles, such as
handkerchiefs and napkins: Dumps handkerchiefs from net into door-hopper of fluffer unit to
condition for ironing. Places fluffed handkerchief on pad of machine and presses pedal to clamp
edge. Pulls opposite edge to straighten and square handkerchief on pad. Pulls lever to revolve
pad under steam chest to iron handkerchief and rotate second press in position. Removes
handkerchief. May operate machine with sock attachment to press socks. May fold handkerchief
and place in bag with identification tag. May tie bundles of handkerchiefs with paper ribbon.
363.685-026 SHIRT PRESSER (laundry & rel.)
Performs any combination of following tasks in conjunction
with other workers to finish and fold shirts: Places collar, cuffs, and yoke on curved, padded
forms of pressing machine. Pushes button or moves lever to lower pressing head and press shirt
parts. Pulls sleeves of shirt over heated form to finish, or pulls sleeve over padded forms and
presses button to insert forms into cabinet to iron sleeves. Lays back of shirt on buck (table) of
pressing machine. Depresses pedal or pushes button to lower pressing head onto shirt. Drapes
shirt over form and pushes buttons to rotate form into steam cabinet to press shirt bosom. Folds
finished shirts around piece of cardboard on folding board or on folding machine. Finishes
detached collars by feeding collars into equipment for dampening, shaping, and pressing. May be
designated according to part of garment ironed as Body Presser (laundry & rel.); Bosom Presser
(laundry & rel.); Shirt-Collar-And-Cuff Presser (laundry & rel.); Shirt Folder (laundry & rel.) II;
Yoke Presser (laundry & rel.).
363.686-010 FLATWORK FINISHER (laundry & rel.)
Feeds laundered flatwork articles, such as sheets, pillowcases,
tablecloths, and napkins into machine that automatically spreads and presses finished articles:
Shakes wrinkles and folds from semidry flatwork. Lays edge of flatwork articles on feeder roller
that conveys articles into machine, shaking, smoothing, and guiding by hand during ironing
process to prevent folds and wrinkles. Folds flatwork pieces discharged from machine, and
places articles on table for assembly. Rejects faulty articles for reprocessing. May be designated
according to operation performed as Flatwork Catcher (laundry & rel.); Flatwork Feeder (laundry
& rel.); Flatwork Folder (laundry & rel.); Shaker, Flatwork (laundry & rel.).
363.687-010 GLOVE FORMER (glove & mit.; laundry & rel.) alternate titles: glove finisher; glove presser; glove turner and former; ironer; layer-off
Pulls gloves over heated, hand-shaped form and smooths with
hands, cloth, or brush to shape and press gloves. Presses thick portion of heavy gloves by beating
finger tips and seams with wooden block. May smooth glove between fingers (crotch) by pulling
rake (pronged bar) over gloved form. May examine glove while pressing to detect defects. May
turn seams inside [GLOVE TURNER (glove & mit.)]. May sew ripped seams and small tears by
hand. May apply chemical solution and rub gloves with cloth to remove stains. May apply
chemical or ready-mixed tint with cloth to restore original color to gloves.
363.687-014 IRONER, SOCK (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: sock-and-stocking ironer; sock drier; sock folder
Pulls socks and stockings over heated metal forms to dry and
finish them. Folds and stacks the ironed socks and stockings. May cover small hole with
adhesive cloth patch and apply heat to secure patch to fabric of sock.
363.687-018 PUFF IRONER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: baller; puffer
Slides material back and forth over heated, metal, ball-shaped
form to smooth and press portions of garments that cannot be satisfactorily pressed with flat
presser or hand iron. May use hand iron to complete pressing of garment.
363.687-022 STRETCHER-DRIER OPERATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: carder, blankets; curtain drier; curtain framer; curtain stretcher; stretcher operator
Stretches and dries household articles, such as blankets,
curtains, and linen tablecloths that require special treatment to protect delicate fabrics and retain
desired measurements, using any of following methods: (1) Attaches article to projecting wires
of adjustable stretcher and pushes, or rotates frame on locking pivot, to position article in drying
cabinet. (2) Attaches curtains or blankets to horizontal frame mounted over steampipes and turns
valve to allow steam to heat pipes and dry articles. (3) Adjusts levers to clamp and stretch drapes
and comforts in horizontal frame of drapery former. May card (brush) blankets with wire-bristled
handbrush to raise nap or feed blankets into carding machine. May touch-up (press) bindings and
ruffles with hand iron. May guide ruffles of curtains through grooved, heated rollers to fluting
machine that press fluting (grooves) in fabric. May fold and stack articles.
364 DYEING AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with changing the color of articles by means of dyes. Involves knowledge of composition of textiles being dyed and of reagents, such as acids, alkalies, soap and dyes, and their effect on textiles.
364.361-010 DYER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: sample dyer
Dyes articles, such as garments, drapes, and slipcovers in
kettles or dyeing machines, and mixes dyes and chemicals according to standard formulas or by
matching customers' samples against color cards that provide formulas: Examines garment to
identify fabric and original dye by sight, touch, or by testing sample with fire or chemical
reagent. Computes and weighs out powdered dye, oil, and acids, following formulas. Dissolves
dye in boiling water and tests dye on swatch of fabric. Adds dyes to water until desired color is
produced. Immerses garment in solution and stirs with stick, or dyes garment in rotary-drum or
paddle-dyeing machine. Removes or directs DYER HELPER (laundry & rel.) to remove
garments from kettle or machine, and rinses them in water and acetic acid solution to remove
excess dye and to fix colors. Directs DYER HELPER (laundry & rel.) in operation of extractor
and drier. May mix chemicals to make bleaching bath, and immerse garments in bath before
dyeing to remove original colors. May use spray gun to spray dye onto garments.
364.361-014 RUG DYER I (laundry & rel.)
Dyes rugs to match sample color, basing work procedure on
knowledge of properties of bleaching agents and dyes, and on type, construction, condition, and
colors of rug: Measures amounts of bleaches and dyes and mixes components with boiling water
in vats. Immerses rug in bleaching bath to strip colors and in color bath to dye rug. May loop rug
around reel that revolves rug in dye bath.
364.381-010 PAINTER, RUG TOUCH-UP (laundry & rel.)
Touches up worn and faded spots on cleaned rugs, using oil
paint to restore color and contour of original pattern: Examines rug to determine color to apply.
Selects matching paint and works paint into pile of rug pattern with stylus. May use inks instead
of paints. May mix colors to attain matching color and shade.
364.684-010 RUG DYER II (laundry & rel.)
Dyes rugs on customers' premises, using spray gun and
brushes: Mixes powdered dye with water according to prescribed formula. Sprays or brushes
rugs with prepared solution to remove stains. Applies dye to rugs with spray gun, electrically
rotated brush, and handbrushes.
364.684-014 SHOE DYER (personal ser.) alternate titles: shoe tinter
Dyes or tints shoes for customers of shoe repair or shoe
shining shops: Inserts shoetree or stuffs paper into shoe to stiffen shoe upper, forming smooth
working surface on shoe. Cleans shoes with acetone, alcohol, water, or other solutions to remove
dirt, dye, and grease, using brushes, cloths, and sponges. Selects prepared dye or mixes dyes to
match shade specified by instructions or color chart. Applies coat of dye or tint onto shoe upper,
using spray gun or swab. Ignites dye on shoe to drive dye into leather.
364.684-018 SPRAYER, LEATHER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: spray dyer
Sprays dyes on leather articles, such as gloves and jackets, to
restore original color, using spray gun: Selects suede or leather dyes to match color of garment
and fills spray gun container with dye. Places article on dress form and sprays dye evenly over
surface. Hangs finished garments on line to dry. Brushes (buffs) suede garments with handbrush
to raise nap. Sprays some garments with water-repelling compounds. May prepare dye solutions
by blending basic colors to obtain specified hue.
364.687-010 DYER HELPER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: dyer assistant; dye-room helper
Performs any combination of following tasks in dyeing textile
products, such as garments, rugs, and drapes: Loads and unloads dyeing machines, extractor, and
tumbler. Scrubs rugs with handbrush, soap, and water prior to dyeing. Bleaches articles, under
direction of DYER (laundry & rel.), to strip them of original colors preparatory to dyeing by
immersing articles in vat. May spread rug over steamtable and turn valves to admit steam
through table and into rug, when dyeing rugs.
364.687-014 RUG-DYER HELPER (laundry & rel.)
Performs any combination of following duties to dye and dry
carpets and rugs: Sews scrap material onto odd shaped rugs to facilitate handling during dyeing
process. Hangs rug over roller of dyeing machine and stitches ends together with needle and
twine so that rug can be immersed in solution when roller is turned. Observes rug during dyeing
process and keeps rug straight on roller. Lifts rug with power hoist to drain off excess solution.
Moves rug to washing platform, using handtruck. Washes rug, using water hose to remove
excess dye. Places rug in extractor or hangs rug on pole in drying room. Rolls dry rug and carries
or transports rug to loading area, using handtruck. May remove dust from rug before dyeing
process, using rug dusting machine or hand vacuum cleaner.
365 SHOE AND LUGGAGE REPAIRER AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with resoling, reheeling, and otherwise repairing shoes. Includes repair and renovation of hand luggage, such as handbags, briefcases, golf club bags, and hatboxes, and also trunks and other heavy luggage made of leather, plastic, fiber, and other materials.
365.131-010 SHOE-REPAIR SUPERVISOR (personal ser.) alternate titles: rehabilitation technician
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in repairing
and refinishing shoes: Inspects donated new and used shoes to determine feasibility of repair or
saleability. Trains subordinates and handicapped individuals in job duties of SHOE REPAIRER
(personal ser.). Performs periodic performance evaluations. Performs duties as described under
SHOE REPAIRER (personal ser.).
365.361-010 LUGGAGE REPAIRER (any industry) alternate titles: hand luggage repairer
Repairs and renovates worn or damaged luggage made of
leather, fiber, and other materials: Sews rips by hand or machine, inserts and repairs linings, and
replaces locks, catches, straps, buckles, corner protectors, and other parts to repair all types of
hand luggage. Repairs and reconditions trunks and other heavy luggage, constructing and gluing
together frame, cutting and bending fiberboard pieces together, and riveting on locks, catches,
corner protectors, and other parts. May construct leather articles, such as purses, wallets, and
briefcases, ordered specially by customers. May specialize in repairing trunks and other heavy
luggage and be designated Trunk Repairer (any industry).
365.361-014 SHOE REPAIRER (personal ser.) alternate titles: cobbler; shoemaker
Repairs or refinishes shoes, following customer
specifications, or according to nature of damage, or type of shoe: Positions shoe on last and pulls
and cuts off sole or heel with pincers and knife. Starts machine, and holds welt against rotating
sanding wheel or rubs with sandpaper to bevel and roughen welt for attachment of new sole.
Selects blank or cuts sole or heel piece to approximate size from material, using knife. Brushes
cement on new sole or heel piece and on shoe welt and shoe heel. Positions sole over shoe welt
or heel piece on shoe heel and pounds piece, using machine or hammer, so piece adheres to shoe;
drives nails around sole or heel edge into shoe; or guides shoe and sole under needle of sewing
machine to fasten sole to shoe. Trims sole or heel edge to shape of shoe with knife. Holds and
turns shoe sole or heel against revolving abrasive wheel to smooth edge and remove excess
material. Brushes edge with stain or polish and holds against revolving buffing wheels to polish
edge. Nails heel and toe cleats to shoe. Restitches ripped portions or sews patches over holes in
shoe uppers by hand or machine. Dampens portion of shoe and inserts and twists adjustable
stretcher in shoes or pull portion of moistened shoe back and forth over warm iron to stretch
shoe. May build up portions of shoes by nailing, stapling, or stitching additional material to shoe
sole to add height or make other specified alterations to orthopedic shoes. May repair belts,
luggage, purses, and other products made of materials, such as canvas, leather, and plastic. May
quote charges, receive articles, and collect payment for repairs [SERVICE-ESTABLISHMENT
ATTENDANT (laundry & rel.; personal ser.) 369.477-014].
365.674-010 SHOE-REPAIRER HELPER (personal ser.)
Assists SHOE REPAIRER (personal ser.) to repair shoes by
any combination of following tasks: Rips worn soles and heels from shoes, using handtools.
Tacks new soles and heels in place and trims excess leather, using knife or revolving trimmer.
Sands and finishes sole edges by holding against sanding rollers and revolving metal disk.
Shines, stains, and dyes shoes. May sell merchandise, such as shoestrings, polishes, and other
accessories. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
366 BOOTBLACKS AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning and polishing shoes.
366.677-010 SHOE SHINER (personal ser.) alternate titles: bootblack; boot polisher; shoe polisher
Cleans and polishes footwear for customers: Removes surface
dirt, using brush. Removes grime and old polish or wax from leather footwear, using brush or
sponge dipped in cleaning fluid or soapy water. Applies coating of polish by hand or using
dauber, and polishes leather, using brushes and cloths. Buffs buck or suede footwear with
sandpaper or wire brush to clean areas or raise nap. Applies liquid dressing or dry wax by hand
or dauber, and brushes surface to remove excess. Applies liquid dressing to fabric areas of
footwear to restore appearance of cloth. Coats edges of sole and heel with sole dressing, using
dauber or sponge. May dye or tint footwear [SHOE DYER (personal ser.)]. May brush lint from
patron's clothing, using whiskbroom. May assist customers with wraps. May sweep and mop
floors, dust and polish furnishings, and wash windows.
369 APPAREL AND FURNISHINGS SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with improving appearance of, and repairing clothing, furnishings, and accessories.
369.137-010 SUPERVISOR, DRY CLEANING (laundry & rel.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
drycleaning and pressing wearing apparel and household articles, such as drapes, blankets, and
linens: Determines standards and rates of production in accordance with company policy, type of
equipment, and work load. Assigns duties to workers. Observes progress of work and transfers or
hires new employees to maintain production. Confers with workers to resolve problems,
complaints, and grievances. Confers with company officials and sellers of materials and
equipment to plan improved methods. Reviews production and accounting records to determine
cost levels of operation. Trains or assigns new employees to experienced workers for training.
May supervise workers engaged in cleaning and pressing garments in hotel establishment and be
known as Valet Manager (hotel & rest.).
369.137-014 SUPERVISOR, RUG CLEANING (laundry & rel.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
repair, storage, and cleaning of rugs and carpets. Examines rug to determine cleaning method.
May repair rugs [RUG REPAIRER (laundry & rel.)]. May measure and cut rugs to customer's
specifications. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
369.167-010 MANAGER, LAUNDROMAT (laundry & rel.)
Manages coin-operated drycleaning and laundering business:
Plans and implements hours of operations, types of services to be provided, and charges for
services. Orders machines, equipment, and supplies for operation. Hires, trains, and supervises
personnel to provide laundry and drycleaning services. Records and analyzes business data to
determine performance record. May clean and perform repair services on machines.
369.367-010 FUR-STORAGE CLERK (retail trade) alternate titles: fur-vault attendant
Tags and appraises fur garments received for storage:
Examines garments to determine condition and estimate value. Records description of garment,
estimated value, and name and address of owner. Computes and records charges. Attaches tag to
garment. May take telephone orders. May prepare application for insurance, when customer
gives approval, and forward application to insurance company.
369.367-014 RUG MEASURER (laundry & rel.; retail trade) alternate titles: rug-receiving clerk
Determines type of rug received for cleaning, measures it,
calculates area, and records information for use in case rug is lost and to facilitate proper billing
to customer. Affixes identifying tag to rug which indicates type of work to be performed. May
examine rugs for stains and holes, and determine from its condition if rug will withstand
cleaning. May determine repairs which should be made and contact customer concerning repairs.
369.384-010 HATTER (laundry & rel.)
Cleans, blocks, trims, and makes minor repairs to hats: Cuts
threads to remove linings, sweatbands, hatbands and ornaments prior to cleaning. Immerses hat
in solvent and rubs hat with sponge and brush to remove soil particles and stain. Tends extractor
to remove moisture from hats. Shapes hat, using hat block, size ring, hat stretcher, turn-lathe, hat
ironing machine and brim pressing machine. Rubs hat with pad to obtain finished appearance.
Replaces linings, sweatbands, hatbands and ornaments, using needle and thread.
369.384-014 RUG CLEANER, HAND (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: carpet cleaner; rug renovator; rug scrubber; rug shampooer; rug washer
Cleans rugs with chemical solutions in plant or on customer's
premises, using handbrushes or portable scrubbing machine, determining washing method
according to condition of rug: Vacuums rugs to remove loose dirt. Guides scrubbing machine
over rug surface or sprays rug with cleaning solution under pressure to agitate nap and loosen
embedded dirt. Removes excess suds and water from rug during scrubbing operation, using
vacuum nozzle or squeegee. Identifies persistent stains and selects spotting agent to remove stain
according to type of fiber, dye, and stain. Rubs chemical solution into rug with handbrush until
stain disappears. Rinses rug, using water hose, and hangs rug on rack to dry. Pushes pilating (pile
lifting) machine over surface of dried rug to raise and fluff nap or brushes pile, using broom.
Removes excess water by feeding rugs between rollers of mechanical wringer, putting rugs in
extractor, or going over surface with squeegee or vacuum nozzle. Brushes, sprays, or sprinkles
sizing solutions on the backs of rugs, using handbrush, spray gun, or sprinkling can. May scrub
fragile or oriental rugs, using handbrush, soap, and water. May spray acetic acid or salt solution
over washed rugs to prevent colors from running. May measure rugs to determine cleaning fee.
May clean upholstered furniture, using sponge, brush, and cleaning solutions. May trim frayed
edges of carpet and rebind carpet edges, using scissors, knife, needle, and thread. May perform
rug cleaning duties as employee of establishment, such as hotel.
369.387-010 LAUNDRY WORKER III (any industry)
Prepares soiled clothing and linen for delivery to laundry and
verifies contents of returned bundles: Prepares typed forms listing soiled articles received. Ties
articles in bundle for transporting to laundry. Receives returned bundles and checks contents
against lists, noting and reporting shortages. Stores clean linen on shelves and issues item on
presentation of soiled articles for exchange.
369.467-010 MANAGER, BRANCH STORE (laundry & rel.)
Manages store where customers deliver and call for articles to
be cleaned, laundered, and pressed and keeps records of same: Receives article from customer.
Writes identifying slip or tag giving name of customer, work to be done, and date of completion.
Pins or staples tag on article. Delivers finished article to customer and collects amount due.
Records cash receipts and articles received and delivered. May examine article in presence of
customer to advise of possible damage that might result during processing, such as shrinkage,
loss of shape, and fading. May measure garments liable to shrink. May remove ornaments and
sew or replace them on finished garment upon return from plant.
369.477-010 CURB ATTENDANT (laundry & rel.)
Gives curb service to customers: Receives and delivers
articles to customers remaining in cars outside store or plant. Writes tickets to identify and to
indicate work to be done. Receives amount due for servicing articles. Opens doors for customers
entering or leaving store. May perform other duties, such as sweeping and dusting store, placing
garments in paper bags, and running errands.
369.477-014 SERVICE-ESTABLISHMENT ATTENDANT (laundry & rel.; personal ser.) alternate titles: counter attendant
Receives articles, such as shoes and clothing, to be repaired or
cleaned, in personal-service establishment: Examines articles to determine nature of repair and
advises customer of repairs needed. Quotes prices and prepares work ticket. Sends articles to
work department. Returns finished articles to customer and collects amount due. May keep
records of cash receipts and articles received and delivered. May sell articles, such as cleaner,
polish, shoelaces, and accessories.
369.587-010 VAULT CUSTODIAN (laundry & rel.)
Receives, identifies, fumigates, and places garments in
cold-storage vaults: Marks incoming garments with identification tags, tape, or by some other
method, and classifies and routes garments to cleaning and repair departments. Fills pans with
fumigant and seals storage vaults to fumigate incoming and stored garments. Turns on
ventilating system to remove fumigating gas from vaults. Hangs garments in specified place in
storage vault. Removes stored garments at customer's request. Inspects or routes garments to
INSPECTOR (laundry & rel.) and sends them to delivery department. May monitor vault room
humidistat and adjust refrigeration thermostat to change temperature and relative humidity in
vault. May record garment identifying information on control record.
369.677-010 SELF-SERVICE-LAUNDRY-AND-DRY-CLEANING ATTENDANT (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: attendant, coin-operated laundry; attendant, laundry-and-dry-cleaning service; washateria attendant
Assists customer to launder or dryclean clothes, or launders
or drycleans clothes for customer paying for complete service, using self-service equipment:
Gives instructions to customer in clothes preparation, such as weighing, sorting, fog-spraying
spots, and removing perishable buttons. Assigns machine and directs customer or points out
posted instructions regarding equipment operation. Weighs soiled items and calculates amount
charged customer requiring complete services. Dampens garments with cleaning solvent and rubs
with sponge or brush to remove spots or stains. Places clothes, cleaning material, bleach, and
coins in laundering or drycleaning equipment, and sets automatic controls to clean or dry clothes.
Removes clothes from equipment. Hangs, bags, folds, and bundles clothes for delivery to
customer. Receives payment for service. May sell cleansing agents.
369.684-010 FUR GLAZER (fur goods) alternate titles: fur glosser
Coats hair of fur garments with moisture or glazing
compound to protect against shedding and restore glossy appearance: Fits garment over form and
sprays glazing compound on garment with spray gun. Brushes, combs, or shakes garment to fluff
fur. Allows garment to hang for specified period, or directs nozzle of compressed air line to dry
fur. May iron fur and lining. May rub fur with stick to make hair fluffy. May tend sawdust-filled
rotating drum to remove loose hairs. May trim garment section, using furrier's knife. May pull
offcolored hair from fur, using tweezers.
369.684-014 LAUNDRY OPERATOR (laundry & rel.)
Receives, marks, washes, finishes, checks, and wraps articles
in laundry, performing any combination of following tasks: Classifies and marks incoming
laundry with identifying code number, by hand or using machine [MARKER (laundry & rel.)].
Tends washing machine, extractor, and tumbler to clean and dry laundry. Finishes laundered
articles, using hand iron, pressing machine, or feeds and folds flatwork on flatwork ironing
machine. Sorts laundry and verifies count on laundry ticket [ASSEMBLER (laundry & rel.);
CHECKER (laundry & rel.)]. May perform related tasks, such as mending torn articles, using
sewing machine or by affixing adhesive patches. May wrap articles. May specialize in receiving
and washing, or in finishing and checking, and be designated according to unit in which work is
performed as Laundry Operator, Finishing (laundry & rel.); Laundry Operator, Wash Room
(laundry & rel.).
369.684-018 UMBRELLA REPAIRER (any industry)
Repairs defective umbrellas, using handtools: Replaces parts
of umbrella frames, such as springs, ribs, shanks, and handles, using handtools. Sews umbrella
cover to frame [UMBRELLA TIPPER, HAND (fabrication, nec)]. May repair wheels and casters
on beds, carts, and similar rolling equipment [WHEEL-AND-CASTER REPAIRER (any
369.685-010 FUR BLOWER (retail trade) alternate titles: blower
Tends equipment that fumigates and removes foreign matter
from furs: Hangs furs in fumigating cabinet, pours fumigant into storage tank, and closes door.
Turns switch to start blower that vaporizes and blows fumigant onto furs. Adjusts timing switch
to stop fumigation process. Presses button to start ventilating system to exhaust vapors from
cabinet, opens door, and removes furs. Adjusts valve on compressed air gun to regulate air
pressure, according to condition or type of fur. Squeezes trigger of gun and directs stream of air
on fur to remove dirt, insects, and loose fur.
369.685-014 FUR CLEANER, MACHINE (fur goods; laundry & rel.; retail trade; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: fur beater; fur drummer; fur dry-cleaner; saw-dust machine operator
Tends drum that tumbles fur garments in dry or liquid
cleaning agents to clean fur: Selects and pours liquid or drycleaning agent into drum. Places
garments in drum and moves lever to start and stop drum rotation. Removes garments from
drum. Dumps drycleaning agents from drum and repeats tumbling process or uses compressed air
gun to remove cleaning agents from garment; or places garment in extractor to remove liquid
cleaning agent. Hangs garments in heated cabinets or places in drying tumbler to dry garments.
May glaze fur. May wash garment linings.
369.685-018 FUR IRONER (laundry & rel.)
Tends fur ironing machine to remove lining wrinkles and
highlight hair luster of fur garments, using either of following methods: (1) Irons lining and hair
of garments, using heated hand iron to remove wrinkles from lining and produce luster on fur. (2)
Positions garment on feed roll of machine. Sets temperature control of metal ironing roll
according to type of fur. Depresses pedal to bring garment into contact with heated roll and
guides garment under roll. Releases pedal, changes position of garment, and repeats operation to
complete ironing of garment. May iron garment by hand.
369.685-022 FUR-GLAZING-AND-POLISHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: fur ironer
Tends machine that combs and polishes furs, and manually
applies glazing solution to restore luster: Sets thermostat to heat roller to specified temperature.
Presses button to start machine and arranges garment on feed roller. Applies water or glazing
solution, using hand spray gun. Depresses pedal to raise feed roller to grooved heated roller that
polishes and straightens fur. Releases feed roller and rearranges garment to polish all parts. May
iron lining and hair of garment to remove wrinkles and restore luster to fur, using hand iron. May
polish furs only and be designated Fur-Polishing-Machine Operator (laundry & rel.).
369.685-026 RUG-DRY-ROOM ATTENDANT (laundry & rel.)
Tends rug conveyor or electric powered hoist that lifts and
carries rugs to drying room, using either of following methods: (1) Pulls rug ejected from
washing and wringing machines into drying room. Feeds end of rug to be sized through sizing
rolls to distribute sizing compound evenly over back of rug. Fastens end of rug to pins attached
to poles and pushes button to hoist and suspend rugs in drying room. (2) Feeds end of rug to be
sized through sizing rolls and fastens ends to pin on rug poles. Pushes button to operate conveyor
which hoists and transports rug through drying room. May adjust thermostat of heaters
circulating hot air through drying room. May spray sizing compound on back of rugs with spray
gun. May remove dried rugs from poles and wrap or tie for delivery to customer. May tend
wrapping machine which wraps rug.
369.685-030 SHIRT-FOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (garment; laundry & rel.)
Tends machine that automatically folds shirts: Positions shirt
on bed of machine, places button strip and collar of shirt in clamps on machine bed, and closes
clamps by hand. Pushes button to lower folding blade onto shirt and actuates folding bar and
plates of machine to fold body and arms of shirt around folding blade. Depresses pedal to retract
folding blade and plates and open heated collar-shaping clamp. Inserts cardboard band under
collar to maintain shape. May place cardboard on shirt prior to folding to strengthen folded
package. May place paper bands around folded shirts and pack shirts in bags. May separate and
stack shirts according to customers' markings. May insert paper cuff links in dress shirts.
369.685-034 TUMBLER OPERATOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: drier operator; drying-machine operator; drying-tumbler operator; tumbler-drier operator
Tends machines that fluff-dry laundered articles or dry and
deodorize drycleaned items: Transfers partially dried articles from extractor by hand or by use of
handtruck or overhead hoist, and places articles in drum of tumbler. Turns pointer on dial of
machine timer for drying cycle, according to type of fabric and weight of items being dried.
Starts drum and blower. May hang delicate fabrics in heated cabinet to dry. May tend extractor
[EXTRACTOR OPERATOR (any industry) 581.685-038]. May fold, stack, and bundle finished
369.686-010 FOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (laundry & rel.)
Feeds laundered towels, pillowcases, and napkins onto feeder
conveyor of machine that folds, stacks, and counts flatwork: Sorts items on feedstacks according
to size. Lays aside stained articles for separate feeding and ticketing. Adjusts position of gear
lever to regulate speed of machine. Removes jammed articles from machine. May unload rack
and transfer stacks of folded napkins to be bundled to tying machine.
369.687-010 ASSEMBLER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: distributor; matcher; subsorter
Sorts laundered or drycleaned articles, such as linens,
garments, blankets, and drapes, according to customer's identification mark or tag: Reads
identification symbols on mark or tag attached to clean articles. Sorts articles with similar
symbols into groups. Collects items belonging to each customer from group, using customer's list
of articles received to verify completeness of order. Inspects items for quality of service. May be
designated according to type of article assembled as Flatwork Assembler (laundry & rel.);
Wearing-Apparel Assembler (laundry & rel.).
369.687-014 CHECKER (laundry & rel.)
Verifies number and type of laundered or dry cleaned articles
by checking against customers' lists: Inspects articles for cleanliness and neatness of finish.
Returns incomplete laundry bundles to bin. Folds curtains lengthwise and drapes curtains over
hangers. Hangs dry cleaned garments on hangers, covering articles with paper or bags. May fill
customers' orders for clean linens, such as sheets, towels, aprons, and uniforms. May wrap and
load bundles onto trucks for delivery to customers. May count linen supplies returned by
DRIVER, SALES ROUTE (retail trade; wholesale tr.) 292.353-010 to verify quantities shown on
return list and be designated Return Checker (laundry & rel.).
369.687-018 FOLDER (laundry & rel.)
Folds fluff-dried or pressed laundry, such as shirts, towels,
uniforms, and jackets: Shakes out, smooths, folds, sorts, and stacks wash according to
identification tags. Inspects pressed laundry for holes or tears, and separates defective articles for
transfer to repair department. Folds laundry, preparatory to wrapping, for delivery to customer.
Folds pressed shirts around cardboard forms and inserts assembly in plastic bags. May attach
missing buttons to articles, using button-sewing-machine or button-attaching machine. May
unload tumbler. May turn socks, match pairs, and tie socks into bundles. May be designated
according to type of laundry folded as Shirt Folder (laundry & rel.) I; Wearing-Apparel Folder
(laundry & rel.).
369.687-022 INSPECTOR (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: garment examiner
Inspects garments or articles after cleaning and finishing, to
verify items meet company standards: Returns articles having wrinkles, double creases, shine,
spots, tears, broken seams, missing buttons, or missing belts to pressing, spotting, or repair units
for correction. When examining garments to verify quality of alteration and repairs, may be
designated Sewing Inspector (laundry & rel.).
369.687-026 MARKER (laundry & rel.) alternate titles: clothes marker; entry clerk; garment marker; receiving checker; tagger
Performs any combination of following duties in marking,
sorting, and recording soiled garments, linens, and other articles received for cleaning and
laundering: Opens bundle or bag and spreads articles on worktable. Examines articles and
records defects, such as holes, stains, tears, and ripped seams. Compares articles with customer's
listing or records by hand or by using listing-pricing machine. Affixes or marks
customer-identifying symbols on soiled articles by one of following methods: (1) Adjusts
numbered disks of marking machine by hand to set code number; places article or cloth tag under
disks; depresses pedal or pulls lever that forces disks against article or tag to print code; pins or
staples tag to article. (2) Writes code number on garment or tag with pen and waterproof ink;
pins, staples, or sews tag to garment. (3) Positions garment under stapling machine and pulls
lever that staples short length of tape to garment; writes identifying code on tape. (4) Presses
lever of clipping machine that fastens metal clip to garment. (5) Depresses keys of marking
machine that prints identifying symbol on garment. (6) Seals identification tape on article, using
patching machine and adhesive tape. Routes defective articles to MENDER (any industry)
787.682-030 for repairs. Sorts articles according to color, degree of soil, and type of materials or
treatment. Measures articles with yardstick or measuring tape and records measurements to
ensure articles are finished to original size. Removes buttons, ornaments, and other trimmings
from soiled garments and replaces buttons on cleaned garments. Places sorted articles in different
colored nets or ties articles in bundles and attaches tags that indicate work to be performed, such
as method of cleaning, articles to be starched or tinted, and pretreatment of stained articles.
Counts finished articles for completeness of order and verifies count with plant records.
369.687-030 RUG INSPECTOR (laundry & rel.)
Examines cleaned rugs to detect deficiencies, such as
inadequate cleaning, failure to remove spots or stains, and faulty brushing of pile. Returns
imperfect rugs to workers responsible for defects. Rolls completed rugs by hand or guides rug
into rug-rolling machine. May measure and calculate areas of rugs for billing purposes.
37 PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with protecting the public against crime, fire, accidents, and acts of war.
371 CROSSING TENDERS AND BRIDGE OPERATORS
This group includes occupations concerned with guarding crossings to warn motorists and pedestrians of approaching vehicles; and opening bridges so vessels may pass.
371.362-010 DRAWBRIDGE OPERATOR (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: bridge tender
Controls railroad or highway drawbridge over waterways to
permit passage of vessels: Observes approaching vessels and listens for whistle signal from
vessel indicating desire to pass. Moves levers that activate traffic signals and alarms, lower gates
to halt street traffic, or activate interlocking railroad signals to warn oncoming railroad trains.
Starts motors of drawbridge and moves levers to raise or turn drawbridge, giving vessels passage.
Signals vessels to pass through opening. Inspects drawbridge and auxiliary equipment. Cleans,
oils, and greases machinery. Writes and submits maintenance work requisitions. Prepares reports
of accidents occurring on or to bridge. Records name of vessels passing and number of trains or
vehicles crossing bridge. May relay messages to vessels in waterway. May make repairs and
adjustments to drawbridge. May be required to hold Railway Signalman Certificate or similar
371.567-010 GUARD, SCHOOL-CROSSING (government ser.)
Guards street crossings during hours when children are going
to or coming from school: Directs actions of children and traffic at street intersections to ensure
safe crossing. Records license numbers of vehicles disregarding traffic signals and reports
infractions to police. May escort children across street. May place caution signs at designated
points before going on duty and remove signs at end of shift. May stop speeding vehicles and
371.667-010 CROSSING TENDER (any industry)
Guards railroad crossing to warn motorists and pedestrians of
approaching trains: Consults train schedules and listens for approaching trains from watchtower.
Presses button to flash warning signal lights. Presses control button to lower crossing gates until
train passes, and raises gate when crossing is clear. May wave flags, signs, or lanterns in
372 SECURITY GUARDS AND CORRECTION OFFICERS, EXCEPT CROSSING TENDERS
This group includes occupations concerned with guarding property from illegal entry, fire, and theft, and enforcing safety regulations, including the custody and discipline of prisoners.
372.137-010 CORRECTION OFFICER, HEAD (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of CORRECTION
OFFICERS (government ser.): Conducts roll call of officers and issues duty assignments. Directs
release or transfer of prisoners based on court order instructions. Investigates and reports causes
of inmate disturbances, such as assaults, fights, and thefts. Assists subordinates with unruly
inmates and other assignments. Maintains prison records and prepares reports. Reviews work
records of subordinates to evaluate efficiency and suitability for assignments.
372.167-010 DISPATCHER, SECURITY GUARD (business ser.)
Dispatches security personnel to client's site for private,
protective-service firm: Reads posted orders to ascertain personnel requirements and notifies
guards of work assignments and changes in instructions by telephone. Posts assignment
information on dispatch board. Compiles and records data for dispatch, payroll, billings, and
personnel records. May issue regular and special equipment to guards. May interview applicants
and recommend hiring or hire guards.
372.167-014 GUARD, CHIEF (any industry)
Supervises and coordinates activities of guard force of
establishment, such as industrial plant, department store, or museum: Assigns personnel to posts
or patrol, according to size and nature of establishment and protection requirements. Interprets
security rules and directs subordinates in enforcing compliance, such as issuance of security
badges, photographing of employees, and safekeeping of forbidden articles carried by visitors.
Responds to calls from subordinates to direct activities during fires, storms, riots, or other
emergencies. Inspects or directs inspection of premises to test alarm systems, detect safety
hazards, and to ensure that safety rules are posted and enforced. Examines fire extinguishers and
other safety equipment for serviceability. Reports irregularities and hazards to appropriate
personnel. Cooperates with police, fire, and civil defense authorities in problems affecting
establishment. May select and train subordinates in protective procedures, first aid, fire safety,
and other duties. May be designated according to rank as Guard, Captain (any industry); Guard,
Lieutenant (any industry); Guard, Sergeant (any industry); or according to establishment served
as Plant-Protection Supervisor (any industry); Security Chief, Museum (museums).
372.167-018 JAILER, CHIEF (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of jail staff: Establishes
rules, regulations, and procedures to be executed by JAILERS (government ser.). Prepares work
schedules and assigns duties. Reviews commitment orders of new inmates to ensure that legal
requirements are met. Classifies and segregates inmates according to status, such as pretrial,
under-sentence, or witness. Communicates with court officials to ensure availability of inmates
for trials or hearings. Escorts inmates to courts, hospitals, and other correctional institutions.
Schedules visits of medical personnel to treat inmates. Directs search of inmates and all areas for
contraband. Inspects facilities for cleanliness. Selects trustees for special work assignments.
Accepts and records bail and fine payments, issues receipts, and arranges for release of inmates.
Prepares reports concerning inmate population and jail functions, as required by law. Writes
daily activity reports for superiors. Maintains financial records for use in budget preparation.
Prepares requisitions for commissary, clothing, and housekeeping supplies. Evaluates work of
subordinates and takes disciplinary measures for inefficiency or violation of regulations.
Maintains personnel records of subordinates.
372.167-022 MANAGER, ARMORED TRANSPORT SERVICE (business ser.)
Plans, directs, and coordinates activities of personnel engaged
in providing armored car services: Analyzes capability based on customer requirements and
develops work procedures to satisfy customer needs. Assigns tasks and interprets company
policies and procedures for workers. Directs workers engaged in driving armored cars, guarding
money and articles in transit, sorting, and routing money bags, and clerical activities. Confers
with customer and industry representatives to evaluate company services and promote expansion.
Hires and discharges workers.
372.267-010 SPECIAL AGENT (r.r. trans.)
Guards shipments of valuables and investigates reports of
theft or damage of shipments transported by railroad: Patrols railway express cars, baggage cars,
and freight cars during run to guard shipments of valuables, such as money, bullion, strategic
metals, or prototype machinery. Apprehends unauthorized persons and removes them from train
at next stop or from railroad properties. Investigates report of theft [DETECTIVE (any industry)
I]. Interviews train crew and other persons to gather information concerning theft. Cooperates
with local law enforcement agencies to secure additional clues. Interviews neighbors, associates,
and former employers of employment applicants to get personal and work history data. Prepares
reports on findings of criminal and applicant investigations.
372.363-010 PROTECTIVE OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: security inspector; security technician
Guards government installations, materials, and documents
against illegal acts, such as sabotage, riot, and espionage: Patrols area on foot, horseback,
automobile, or aircraft to detect and prevent unauthorized activities, using weapons or physical
force as necessary. Searches installation for explosive devices and notifies bomb disposal unit.
Stands guard during secret and hazardous experiments. Performs routine police duties within
installation. May travel throughout United States and foreign countries.
372.367-010 COMMUNITY SERVICE OFFICER, PATROL (government ser.)
Patrols city housing projects and community parks to prevent
crimes, quell disturbances, and maintain civic harmony: Travels assigned area on foot or motor
scooter to observe civil activity and maintain security. Confers with individuals involved in
disturbances to determine cause and course of action to take. Attempts to resolve disputes and
calls POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) I in situations requiring arrest authority. Refers
individuals and families to social agencies for assistance in resolving social or health problems.
372.367-014 JAILER (government ser.) alternate titles: jail keeper; turnkey
Guards prisoners in precinct station house or municipal jail,
assuming responsibility for all needs of prisoners during detention: Locks prisoner in cell after
searching for weapons, valuables, or drugs. Serves meals to prisoner and provides or obtains
medical aid if needed. May prepare arrest records identifying prisoner and charge assigned. May
question prisoner to elicit information helpful in solving crime. May prepare meals for self and
prisoner. May distribute commissary items purchased by inmates, such as candy, snacks,
cigarettes, and toilet articles, and record payment on voucher. In small communities, may
perform duties of SHERIFF, DEPUTY (government ser.) 377.263-010 or POLICE OFFICER
(government ser.) I 375.263-014 when not engaged in guard duties.
372.563-010 ARMORED-CAR GUARD AND DRIVER (business ser.) alternate titles: armored-car messenger
Drives armored van to transport money and valuables, and
guards money and valuables during transit: Loads and carries bags of cash, coin, and other
valuables into and from armored van at protective service building, bank, or customer
establishment. Drives armored van along established routes to transport valuables to destination.
Guards bags of money and valuables during receipt and transfer to ensure safe delivery. Issues
and receives receipts from customers to verify transfer of valuables. May drive truck along
established route and collect coins from parking meters.
372.567-010 ARMORED-CAR GUARD (business ser.) alternate titles: armored-car messenger
Guards armored car enroute to business establishments to
pick up or deliver money and valuables: Collects moneybags, receipts, daily guide sheet, and
schedule from VAULT WORKER (business ser.). Guards money and valuables in transit to
prevent theft. Records information, such as number of items received, destination, contents of
packages, and delivery time at scheduled stops, on daily guide sheet. Deposits moneybags,
receipts, daily guide sheet, change box, and money with cashiering department.
372.567-014 GUARD, IMMIGRATION (government ser.)
Guards aliens held by immigration service pending further
investigation before being released or deported: Takes into custody and delivers aliens to
designated jail, juvenile detention facility, hospital, court, claim's office, immigration facility, or
other areas to transact business. Escorts aliens departing or arriving by airplane, train, car, ship,
or bus. Prepares and maintains records relating to detention, release, transportation of alien, and
completes application for travel documents. May prepare related correspondence. May be
required to travel throughout nation and foreign countries.
372.667-010 AIRLINE SECURITY REPRESENTATIVE (air trans.) alternate titles: customer security clerk; flight security specialist; screening representative
Screens passengers and visitors for weapons, explosives, or
other forbidden articles to prevent articles from being carried into restricted area of air terminal,
performing any combination of following tasks: Greets individuals desiring to enter restricted
area and informs them that they must be screened prior to entry. Asks individual to empty
contents of pockets into tray. Examines contents of tray for forbidden articles and directs
individual to pass through metal-detecting device. Asks individual to remove metal articles from
person if metal detector signals presence of metal, or uses hand held metal detector to locate
metal item on person. Places carry-on baggage or other containers onto x-ray device, actuates
device controls, and monitors screen to detect forbidden articles. Requests owner to open
baggage or containers when x ray shows questionable contents. Returns baggage and tray
contents to individual if no forbidden articles are detected. Notifies GUARD, SECURITY (any
industry) if forbidden articles are discovered or detector equipment indicates further search is
needed. May turn on power and make adjustments to equipment. May perform duties of
GUARD, SECURITY (any industry). May screen boarding passengers against Federal Aviation
Administration approved profile of aircraft hijackers. May make reports.
372.667-014 BODYGUARD (personal ser.)
Escorts individuals to protect them from bodily injury,
kidnapping, or invasion of privacy. May perform other duties, such as receiving and transcribing
dictation or driving motor vehicle to transport individuals to disguise purpose of employment.
372.667-018 CORRECTION OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: guard
Guards inmates in penal institution in accordance with
established policies, regulations, and procedures: Observes conduct and behavior of inmates to
prevent disturbances and escapes. Inspects locks, window bars, grills, doors, and gates for
tampering. Searches inmates and cells for contraband articles. Guards and directs inmates during
work assignments. Patrols assigned areas for evidence of forbidden activities, infraction of rules,
and unsatisfactory attitude or adjustment of prisoners. Reports observations to superior. Employs
weapons or force to maintain discipline and order among prisoners, if necessary. May escort
inmates to and from visiting room, medical office, and religious services. May guard entrance of
jail to screen visitors. May prepare written report concerning incidences of inmate disturbances
or injuries. May be designated according to institution as Correction Officer, City Or County Jail
(government ser.); Correction Officer, Penitentiary (government ser.); Correction Officer,
Reformatory (government ser.). May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison,
or other point, traveling by automobile or public transportation and be designated Guard, Deputy
372.667-022 FLAGGER (construction) alternate titles: traffic control signaler
Controls movement of vehicular traffic through construction
projects: Discusses traffic routing plans, and type and location of control points with superior.
Distributes traffic control signs and markers along site in designated pattern. Directs movement
of traffic through site, using sign, hand, and flag signals. Warns construction workers when
approaching vehicle fails to heed signals to prevent accident and injury to workers. Informs
drivers of detour routes through construction sites. Records license number of traffic control
violators for police. May give hand marker to last driver in line up of one-way traffic for
FLAGGER (construction) at opposite end of site, signaling clearance for reverse flow of traffic.
372.667-026 FLAGGER (amuse. & rec.)
Signals with checkered flag when first race horse crosses
starting line after release from starting gate to notify racing timer when to start timing race.
372.667-030 GATE GUARD (any industry) alternate titles: gatekeeper; guard; watch guard, gate
Guards entrance gate of industrial plant and grounds,
warehouse, or other property to control traffic to and from buildings and grounds: Opens gate to
allow entrance or exit of employees, truckers, and authorized visitors. Checks credentials or
approved roster before admitting anyone. Issues passes at own discretion or on instructions from
superiors. Directs visitors and truckers to various parts of grounds or buildings. Inspects outgoing
traffic to prevent unauthorized removal of company property or products. May record number of
trucks or other carriers entering and leaving. May perform maintenance duties, such as mowing
lawns and sweeping gate areas. May require permits from employees for tools or materials taken
from premises. May supervise use of time clocks for recording arrival and departure of
employees [TIMEKEEPER (clerical) 215.362-022]. May answer telephone and transfer calls
when switchboard is closed. When stationed at entrance to restricted area, such as explosives
shed or research laboratory, may be designated Controlled-Area Checker (any industry).
372.667-034 GUARD, SECURITY (any industry) alternate titles: patrol guard; special police officer; watchguard
Guards industrial or commercial property against fire, theft,
vandalism, and illegal entry, performing any combination of following duties: Patrols,
periodically, buildings and grounds of industrial plant or commercial establishment, docks,
logging camp area, or work site. Examines doors, windows, and gates to determine that they are
secure. Warns violators of rule infractions, such as loitering, smoking, or carrying forbidden
articles, and apprehends or expels miscreants. Inspects equipment and machinery to ascertain if
tampering has occurred. Watches for and reports irregularities, such as fire hazards, leaking water
pipes, and security doors left unlocked. Observes departing personnel to guard against theft of
company property. Sounds alarm or calls police or fire department by telephone in case of fire or
presence of unauthorized persons. Permits authorized persons to enter property. May register at
watch stations to record time of inspection trips. May record data, such as property damage,
unusual occurrences, and malfunctioning of machinery or equipment, for use of supervisory staff.
May perform janitorial duties and set thermostatic controls to maintain specified temperature in
buildings or cold storage rooms. May tend furnace or boiler. May be deputized to arrest
trespassers. May regulate vehicle and pedestrian traffic at plant entrance to maintain orderly
flow. May patrol site with guard dog on leash. May watch for fires and be designated Fire
Patroller (logging). May be designated according to shift worked as Day Guard (any industry);
area guarded as Dock Guard (any industry); Warehouse Guard (any industry); or property
guarded as Powder Guard (construction). May be designated according to establishment guarded
as Grounds Guard, Arboretum (any industry); Guard, Museum (museums); Watchguard,
Racetrack (amuse. & rec.); or duty station as Coin-Vault Guard (any industry). May be
designated Guard, Convoy (any industry) when accompanying or leading truck convoy carrying
valuable shipments. May be designated: Armed Guard (r.r. trans.); Camp Guard (any industry);
Deck Guard (fishing & hunt.; water trans.); Night Guard (any industry); Park Guard (amuse. &
372.667-038 MERCHANT PATROLLER (business ser.) alternate titles: doorshaker; guard; security guard
Patrols assigned territory to protect persons or property:
Tours buildings and property of clients, examining doors, windows, and gates to assure they are
secured. Inspects premises for such irregularities as signs of intrusion and interruption of utility
service. Inspects burglar alarm and fire extinguisher sprinkler systems to ascertain they are set to
operate. Stands guard during counting of daily cash receipts. Answers alarms and investigates
disturbances [ALARM INVESTIGATOR (business ser.)]. Apprehends unauthorized persons.
Writes reports of irregularities. May call headquarters at regular intervals, using telephone or
portable radio transmitter. May be armed with pistol and be uniformed. May check workers'
packages and vehicles entering and leaving premises.
372.667-042 SCHOOL BUS MONITOR (government ser.)
Monitors conduct of students on school bus to maintain
discipline and safety: Directs loading of students on bus to prevent congestion and unsafe
conditions. Rides school bus to prevent altercations between students and damage to bus.
Participates in school bus safety drills. May disembark from school bus at railroad crossings and
clear bus across tracks.
372.677-010 PATROL CONDUCTOR (government ser.) alternate titles: correction officer
Guards prisoners being transported in correctional van
between jail, courthouse, prison, mental institution, or other destination: Searches or assures that
prisoners have been searched by POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) I and receives
commitment papers before placing prisoner in van. Watches prisoner to prevent escape or
violence. Delivers prisoner to appropriate authority and obtains signed receipt for prisoner.
Searches inside of correctional van after each trip to determine if weapons or valuables have been
hidden by prisoner. May administer first aid to injured or ill prisoners. May handcuff violent or
373 FIRE FIGHTERS, FIRE DEPARTMENT
This group includes occupations concerned with fighting fires; and inspecting fire-fighting equipment, factories, places of amusement and other establishments, to detect unsafe conditions and to recommend improvements or repairs which will reduce fire hazards. Includes investigative activities concerning causes of fire and other hazards.
373.117-010 FIRE CHIEF (government ser.) alternate titles: chief engineer
Directs activities of municipal fire department: Directs
training of personnel and administers laws and regulations affecting department. Evaluates fire
prevention and fire control policies by keeping abreast of new methods and conducting studies of
departmental operations. Assumes personal command at multiple-alarm fires. Supervises
firefighters engaged in operation and maintenance of fire stations and equipment. Coordinates
mutual fire protection plans with surrounding municipalities. Surveys buildings, grounds, and
equipment to estimate needs of department and prepare departmental budget. Confers with
officials and community groups and conducts public relations campaigns to present need for
changes in laws and policies and to encourage fire prevention. May investigate causes of fires
and inspect buildings for fire hazards. May control issue of occupancy permits and similar
licenses. May perform duties of BATTALION CHIEF (government ser.) 373.167-010 in smaller
communities. May be designated Chief Of Field Operations (government ser.); District Fire
Chief (government ser.); or Fire Chief, Deputy (government ser.) in larger organizations.
373.134-010 FIRE CAPTAIN (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of company of FIRE
FIGHTERS (any industry) assigned to specific firehouse: Inspects station house, buildings,
grounds, and facilities, and examines firetrucks and equipment, such as ladders and hoses, to
ensure compliance with departmental maintenance standards. Responds to fire alarms and
determines from observation nature and extent of fire, condition of building, danger to adjacent
buildings, and source of water supply, and directs firefighting crews accordingly. Trains
subordinates in use of equipment and methods of extinguishing all types of fires. Evaluates
efficiency of personnel. Inspects commercial establishments in assigned district and reports fire
hazards or safety violations to FIRE INSPECTOR (government ser.). Compiles report of each
fire call, listing location, type, probable cause, estimated damage, and disposition. May respond
to emergency calls to render first aid. May recommend corrective measures for fire hazards or
safety violations to building owners. May conduct fire drills for occupants of buildings. May
supervise and coordinate activities of fire companies fighting multiple alarm fire until relieved by
superiors. May write and submit proposal for new equipment or modification of existing
equipment to superiors. May be designated Fire Lieutenant (government ser.) in larger
organizations. May be designated according to specialty as Fire Captain, Marine (government
ser.); Fire Lieutenant, Marine (government ser.).
373.167-010 BATTALION CHIEF (government ser.)
Directs and coordinates firefighting activities of battalion of
fire companies in municipality: Determines plan of action of fire companies for answering calls
in fire, salvage, and rescue operations. Directs inspections of commercial buildings to ensure
compliance with fire and safety regulations. Enters fire site during fires to coordinate and
supervise fire fighting activities of companies on-site, and reports events to superior, using
portable two-way radio. Plans for purchase of new equipment and use of new techniques in
rescue, first aid, and firefighting operations. Directs personnel in use of firefighting equipment.
Inspects fire stations, equipment, personnel, and records of assigned companies to ensure
efficiency and enforcement of departmental regulations. Recommends awards for personnel for
superior service. Prepares reports of accidents involving equipment and personnel. Keeps
equipment and personnel records. May direct investigation of causes of incendiary and arson
cases. May determine cause of fire and appraise amount of fire loss to building and other
property. May promote fire prevention activities by organizing and training fire brigades in
373.167-014 CAPTAIN, FIRE-PREVENTION BUREAU (government ser.)
Directs and coordinates activities of personnel of municipal
fire prevention bureau: Directs building inspection, arson investigation, and distribution of fire
prevention publicity material. Confers with officials or civic representatives to improve fire
safety and fire education. Directs public information program for adults and juveniles, such as
talks and demonstrations on resuscitation, fire safety, and home-safety inspections. Oversees
review of new building plans to ensure compliance with laws, ordinances, and administrative
rules for public fire safety. Studies and interprets fire safety codes to establish procedures for
issuing permits regulating storage or use of hazardous and flammable substances. Assigns FIRE
INSPECTORS (government ser.) to investigate hazards, cases of suspected arson, and false
alarms. May participate in inspections and investigations made by subordinates. May train and
evaluate employees and oversee performance of department's clerical activities.
373.167-018 FIRE MARSHAL (any industry)
Supervises and coordinates activities of firefighting personnel
of industrial establishment and inspects equipment and premises to ensure adherence to fire
regulations: Inspects and orders replacement or servicing of firefighting equipment, such as
sprinklers and extinguishers. Issues permits for storage and use of hazardous or flammable
materials. Inspects premises to detect combustion hazards [FIRE INSPECTOR (any industry)
373.367-010]. Orders and directs fire drills. Directs firefighting and rescue activities according to
knowledge of accepted procedures. May be designated according to employing establishment as
Fire Chief (saw. & plan.); Fire Marshal, Refinery (petrol. refin.).
373.267-010 FIRE INSPECTOR (government ser.) alternate titles: field inspector
Inspects buildings and equipment to detect fire hazards and
enforce local ordinances and state laws: Observes tests of equipment, such as gasoline storage
tanks and air compressors, and inspects storage conditions to ensure conformance to fire and
safety codes. Issues permits to attest to safe operating conditions. Examines interiors and
exteriors of buildings to detect hazardous conditions or violations of fire ordinances and laws.
Prepares report of violations or unsafe conditions. Discusses condition with owner or manager
and recommends safe methods of storing flammables or other hazardous materials. Informs
owner or manager of conditions requiring correction, such as faulty wiring. Issues summons for
fire hazards not corrected on subsequent inspection and enforces code when owner refuses to
cooperate. Keeps file of inspection records and prepares report of activities. May perform duties
of FIRE FIGHTER (any industry) or FIRE CAPTAIN (government ser.). May collect fees for
permits and licenses.
373.267-014 FIRE MARSHAL (government ser.)
Investigates and gathers facts to determine cause of fires and
explosions and enforces fire laws: Investigates case when either arson or criminal negligence is
suspected; multialarm fire results in serious injury or death; or fire takes place in commercial
establishment of public building. Examines fire site to determine $T3burn pattern$T1 and detect
presence of flammable materials and gases and incendiary devices, using various detectors.
Performs match test to determine flash point of suspicious material at fire site. Subpoenas and
interviews witnesses, building owners, and occupants to obtain sworn testimony of observed
facts. Prepares reports on each investigation and submits data indicating arson to DISTRICT
ATTORNEY (government ser.) 110.117-010. Arrests, logs, fingerprints, and detains arson
suspect. Testifies in court, citing evidence obtained from investigation. Conducts inquiries into
departmental employees delinquency in performance of duties and violation of laws or
373.267-018 FIRE-INVESTIGATION LIEUTENANT (government ser.)
Investigates and analyzes evidence of fires to determine
causes and testifies as expert witness in court: Examines sites of fires and collects evidence to
ascertain causes of fires, utilizing knowledge and experience in fire fighting and fire
investigation techniques and equipment. Photographs fire damage and evidence of fire causes
and stores evidence in vault. Questions persons reporting fires, FIRE FIGHTER (any industry),
police, and others to obtain information. Compiles investigation results, determines probable
causes of fire, and reports results to superiors. Cooperates with police and insurance companies
to investigate reports of fires and stolen flammable materials. Swears out warrants for arrest of
suspected arsonists. Gives testimony in court cases involving fires, suspected arson, and false fire
alarms. Investigates false fire alarm in cooperation with police. Maintains records of convicted
arsonists and arson suspects. Responds to calls from schools and parents to instruct children in
dangers of fires.
373.363-010 FIRE CHIEF'S AIDE (government ser.)
Maintains administrative records, chauffeurs FIRE CHIEF
(government ser.), and performs related duties in fire department: Compiles administrative
records and types reports. Maintains sets of keys to high-rise buildings in area of responsibility.
Drives car to transport and accompany FIRE CHIEF (government ser.) on rounds and to scenes
of fire. Inspects scene of fire to assess extent of fire and needs of firefighting crew. Radios
assessment to superior, using walkie-talkie. Participates in fire drills, and performs FIRE
FIGHTER (any industry) duties on chief's instructions.
373.364-010 FIRE FIGHTER (any industry)
Controls and extinguishes fires, protects life and property,
and maintains equipment as volunteer or employee of city, township, or industrial plant:
Responds to fire alarms and other emergency calls. Selects hose nozzle, depending on type of
fire, and directs stream of water or chemicals onto fire. Positions and climbs ladders to gain
access to upper levels of buildings or to assist individuals from burning structures. Creates
openings in buildings for ventilation or entrance, using ax, chisel, crowbar, electric saw, $T3core
cutter,$T1 and other power equipment. Protects property from water and smoke by use of
waterproof salvage covers, smoke ejectors, and deodorants. Administers first aid and artificial
respiration to injured persons and those overcome by fire and smoke. Communicates with
superior during fire, using portable two-way radio. Inspects buildings for fire hazards and
compliance with fire prevention ordinances. Performs assigned duties in maintaining apparatus,
quarters, buildings, equipment, grounds, and hydrants. Participates in drills, demonstrations, and
courses in hydraulics, pump operation and maintenance, and firefighting techniques. May fill fire
extinguishers in institutions or industrial plants. May issue forms to building owners, listing fire
regulation violations to be corrected. May drive and operate firefighting vehicles and equipment.
May be assigned duty in marine division of fire department and be designated Firefighter,
Marine (any industry).
373.367-010 FIRE INSPECTOR (any industry) alternate titles: fire watcher
Inspects premises of industrial plant to detect and eliminate
fire hazards: Inspects fire-extinguishing and fire-protection equipment to ensure equipment is
operable and prepares reports listing repairs and replacements needed. Patrols plant areas and
notes and investigates unsafe conditions and practices which might cause or increase fire
hazards. Reports findings to FIRE MARSHAL (any industry) with recommendations for
eliminating or counteracting hazards. Renders first aid in emergencies. Patrols plant areas in
which raw and combustible materials are stored, takes temperature and pressure readings from
instruments, and reports undesirable conditions or takes steps to correct such conditions. May
instruct employees in fire safety practices. May perform tests on fire-prevention equipment in
plants where explosive or flammable materials are processed. May participate in fighting fires
[FIRE FIGHTER (any industry)].
373.663-010 FIRE FIGHTER, CRASH, FIRE, AND RESCUE (air trans.) alternate titles: fire fighter, airport
Responds to actual or potential air-crash emergencies to
prevent or extinguish fires and rescue plane crew and passengers: Drives to scene of crash or to
end of runway where distressed craft is expected to land. Sprays chemical foam onto runway
surface to minimize danger of fire and explosion on impact, and water fog or chemical agents
onto craft after landing. Participates in removal of trapped or injured crewmembers and
passengers, using flame-cutting equipment if necessary to gain entry to damaged craft. Renders
first aid to injured. Establishes firelines to prevent unauthorized persons from entering crash area.
May participate in removal or neutralization of explosive ordnance material when military
aircraft is involved. May deactivate aircraft electrical power to prevent fires or explosions.
375 POLICE OFFICERS AND DETECTIVES, PUBLIC SERVICE
This group includes occupations concerned with protecting the public; maintaining law and order; detecting and preventing crime; directing and controlling motor traffic; and investigating and apprehending suspects in criminal cases.
375.117-010 POLICE CHIEF (government ser.) alternate titles: police inspector, chief; superintendent, police
Directs and coordinates activities of governmental police
department in accordance with authority delegated by Board of Police: Promulgates rules and
regulations for department as delegated by regulating code. Coordinates and administers daily
police activities through subordinates. Coordinates internal investigation of members of
department for alleged wrong doing. Suspends or demotes members of force for infractions of
rules or inefficiency. Directs activities of personnel engaged in preparing budget proposals,
maintaining police records, and recruiting staff. Approves police budget and negotiates with
municipal officials for appropriation of funds. May command force during emergencies, such as
fires and riots. May make inspection visits to precincts. May address various groups to inform
public of goals and operations of department. May prepare requests for government agencies to
obtain funds for special operations or for purchasing equipment for department. In smaller
communities, may assist one or more subordinates in investigation or apprehension of offenders.
In communities having no Board of Police, may be designated Police Commissioner
(government ser.) II.
375.133-010 POLICE SERGEANT, PRECINCT I (government ser.) alternate titles: detail sergeant; division sergeant; patrol sergeant; sergeant; squad sergeant
Supervises and coordinates activities of squad of POLICE
OFFICERS (government ser.) I 375.263-014 assigned to patrol, in car or on foot, designated area
of municipality: Assumes command of squad at precinct or headquarters, inspects uniforms and
equipment, and reads orders to squad. Cruises in car to observe POLICE OFFICER (government
ser.) I on post or in cars for efficiency and appearance and to direct them in duties. Reports
infractions of rules to superiors. Notifies superior of major crimes or disturbances within area
and takes necessary action until arrival of superior. Reports dangers in streets or sidewalks, such
as holes, obstructions, or leaking gas mains. May be designated according to assigned duty of
force members supervised as Police Sergeant, Radio Patrol (government ser.); or according to
type facility assigned as Airport Safety And Security Duty Officer (government ser.).
375.137-010 COMMANDER, IDENTIFICATION AND RECORDS (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
gathering, cataloging, and identifying evidence, and maintaining police department records:
Conceives, develops, and installs police record keeping and cross-filing system to ensure ready
retrieval. Directs exchange of criminal records by mail or facsimile transmission between
department and local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Maintains evidence file of
active criminal cases. Assigns POLICE OFFICER, IDENTIFICATION AND RECORDS
(government ser.) 375.384-010 to duties according to departmental work load. Reviews
informational requests to determine whether release of information on cases to public is in accord
with law and department policy. Directs subordinates in preparation of statistical and activity
records and reviews reports for accuracy prior to release. Analyzes and resolves work problems
or supervises subordinates in resolving problems. Prepares budget for unit and submits to
POLICE CHIEF (government ser.) 375.117-010 for review. May perform duties of subordinate
375.137-014 DESK OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: operations officer
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel assigned to
police precinct station: Assumes responsibility for safekeeping of money and valuables taken
from prisoners, lost or stolen articles, and property held as evidence. Supervises work of
POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) II 375.367-010 or POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) I
375.263-014 who search suspects. Supervises TELEPHONE OPERATOR (clerical) 235.662-022
engaged in sending and receiving police communication by telephone and radio systems.
Receives notification and informs commanding officer of calls and orders received over police
communication systems. Records information, such as name of arresting officer and prisoner's
name, address, and charge, to complete precinct activity reports for commanding officer.
Commands subordinate officers and subordinate personnel on assigned duty and assumes
responsibility for efficiency and discipline of workers under command. Assumes command of
station house in absence of commanding officer. May make inspection tour of police beats in
precinct area [TRAFFIC LIEUTENANT (government ser.) 375.167-046]. May supervise and
coordinate activities of police clerical staff [SECRETARY OF POLICE (government ser.)
375.137-022]. May be designated according to rank as Desk Captain (government ser.); Desk
Lieutenant (government ser.); Desk Sergeant (government ser.).
375.137-018 POLICE LIEUTENANT, COMMUNITY RELATIONS (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of law enforcement
personnel in endeavoring to resolve community social problems, and to create better
understanding of police functions within community: Assigns subordinates to establish rapport
with groups and individuals to identify and resolve grievances, problems, and needs. Consults
social service agencies and public groups to determine community needs and to develop and
coordinate remedial programs. Sponsors events, such as concerts, dances, and ball games for
neighborhood youth groups. Lectures on specific aspects, functions, and goals of police
departments to civic, school, and other community groups. Plans and initiates training of new
employees. Compiles activity reports and prepares budget of unit for review by POLICE CHIEF
(government ser.) 375.117-010.
375.137-022 SECRETARY OF POLICE (government ser.) alternate titles: chief clerk; police-department secretary; secretary to board of commissioners
Supervises and coordinates activities of clerical workers of
police department or personally maintains payroll, personnel, and similar records. Swears in and
issues appointment papers to police recruits. May assume custody of valuables deposited with
police [DESK OFFICER (government ser.)].
375.137-026 TRAFFIC SERGEANT (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of officers performing
traffic control duties: Visits officers at assigned traffic control stations to relay orders of
TRAFFIC LIEUTENANT (government ser.) and observe activities of officers. Notifies superior
of traffic conditions requiring additional personnel. Reports irregular conduct or inefficiency of
personnel to superior. May supervise and coordinate activities of GUARD,
SCHOOL-CROSSING (government ser.). May inspect and test police vehicles to verify operator
maintenance reports and contact maintenance shop to perform repairs. May train new GUARDS,
SCHOOL-CROSSING (government ser.).
375.137-030 COMMANDER, POLICE RESERVES (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of police reserve
officers to support police personnel at special functions: Writes news releases for press, radio,
and television and speaks before community and business groups to recruit police reserve
volunteers. Confers with potential reservists to explain policies, duties, responsibilities, and
working conditions, and to provide other pertinent information. Reviews applications, results of
physical and psychological examinations, oral interviews, and background information to
determine suitability of candidates. Plans and coordinates instruction to train reservists in basic
police techniques. Issues uniforms, arms, and equipment to reservists. Reviews schedules to
determine areas of need and coordinates assignments of reservists to support police personnel at
special functions, such as parades and sporting events. Observes reservists at work to evaluate
375.137-034 COMMANDING OFFICER, POLICE (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
locating and apprehending fugitives and others sought for various reasons and in locating
missing persons: Supervises work of POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) III 375.267-038.
Inspects vehicles to detect damage and determine maintenance needs. Prepares reports to
document personnel activities and budget requirements. Performs other duties as described under
SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
375.137-038 COMPLAINT EVALUATION SUPERVISOR (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
receiving telephone requests for police services: Supervises work of COMPLAINT
EVALUATION OFFICER (government ser.) 375.367-014. Confers with workers to resolve
problems when decision involving procedure or action to be taken is questionable. Performs
other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
375.163-010 COMMANDING OFFICER, MOTORIZED SQUAD (government ser.) alternate titles: commanding officer, highway district
Directs and coordinates activities of members of motorized
(motorcycle and squad car) highway patrol who enforce state and municipal traffic laws and
ordinances: Prepares reports on traffic conditions in patrol areas and recommends changes in
traffic-control techniques and regulations to improve conditions. Directs members in safe use and
care of motorcycles or cars, and assigns personnel to patrol areas. Evaluates work performance
and disciplines immediate subordinates, and reviews evaluation of members of highway patrol
unit for infraction of policy or procedures. May review changes in policy or law related to
division activities to determine required revisions in operating procedures, and implements
revisions. May prepare, or assign subordinate to prepare, revision of patrol training manual. May
be designated according to rank as Motorized-Squad Captain (government ser.);
Motorized-Squad Lieutenant (government ser.); Motorized-Squad Sergeant (government ser.). In
some municipalities, may coordinate activities of all personnel engaged in enforcing traffic laws,
directing traffic, and investigating accidents and be designated Commanding Officer, Traffic
Division (government ser.).
375.163-014 PILOT, HIGHWAY PATROL (government ser.)
Pilots airplane or drives automobile to engage in law
enforcement activities: Patrols highway by aircraft to enforce traffic laws and coordinates air
operations with ground personnel to apprehend traffic and other law violators. Flies emergency
missions to deliver medical supplies. Prepares activities reports. Engages in routine police
375.167-010 COMMANDING OFFICER, HOMICIDE SQUAD (government ser.)
Coordinates activities of detectives investigating homicide
cases for clues and evidence leading to arrest and conviction of guilty parties: Proceeds to scene
of crime and takes charge of investigation. Orders detention of persons in vicinity of crime for
questioning. Directs photographing position of body and other evidence. Directs DETECTIVES,
HOMICIDE SQUAD (government ser.) in search for clues at crime scene. Questions witnesses
and suspects. Prepares and submits report on crime to superior. May assign subordinates to
specific cases. May evaluate and prepare work performance reports on subordinates. May be
designated according to rank as Homicide-Squad Captain (government ser.); Homicide-Squad
Lieutenant (government ser.); Homicide-Squad Sergeant (government ser.).
375.167-014 COMMANDING OFFICER, INVESTIGATION DIVISION (government ser.) alternate titles: commanding officer, vice squad
Directs and coordinates activities of squad of law
enforcement personnel engaged in investigating establishments and persons suspected of
violating laws concerning gambling, liquor, narcotics, and prostitution: Conducts raids upon
suspect establishments and directs arrest of persons involved. Directs persons engaged in
collection of evidence to be used in prosecuting arrested suspects. Evaluates work performance
of immediate subordinates. May train subordinates newly assigned to investigation division in
performance of duties. May prepare and maintain various activity and personnel reports and
records. May maintain budget of money to be utilized in purchasing of narcotics from sellers to
effect arrest. May be designated according to rank of officer in charge as District Lieutenant
(government ser.); Investigation Division Captain (government ser.); Investigation Division
Lieutenant (government ser.); Investigation Division Sergeant (government ser.).
375.167-018 COMMANDING OFFICER, MOTOR EQUIPMENT (government ser.) alternate titles: commanding officer, garage; commanding officer, motor transport division; commanding officer, vehicle maintenance unit
Directs and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
repairing, maintaining, and modifying motor vehicles used by municipal or metropolitan police
force: Plans and schedules departmental activities to maintain police vehicles in operating
condition. Reviews complaints about police vehicle malfunctions from field units and assigns
technical research teams to develop corrective modifications or orders repairs. Evaluates work
performance of immediate subordinates and reviews evaluations of other division personnel.
Disciplines workers for infractions of rules and regulations. Reviews productivity records of
work force and operating procedures to identify work areas requiring improvements, and revises
procedures. Discusses grievances of worker with supervisor to identify and resolve problem.
Prepares division budget estimates, identifying operating cost, procurement of motor vehicles,
replacement parts and materials, and cost of outside contractual services. Directs preparation of
technical specifications for police vehicles to be purchased and submits to purchasing
department. May be designated according to rank as Motor-Equipment Captain (government
ser.); Motor-Equipment Lieutenant (government ser.); Motor-Equipment Sergeant (government
375.167-022 DETECTIVE CHIEF (government ser.) alternate titles: commanding officer, detectives; detective-bureau chief
Directs and coordinates activities of detective squad engaged
in investigation of criminal cases, such as auto theft, armed robbery, missing persons, homicide,
vice, narcotics, fraud, and crimes involving youths: Assigns DETECTIVES (government ser.)
375.267-010 to designated posts or criminal cases. Reviews and submits reports of cases
investigated to superiors. Ensures that apprehended criminals are fingerprinted. Directs
photographing of crime scene, evidence, and suspects. Submits record of suspicions along with
statement of witnesses and informants to office of DISTRICT ATTORNEY (government ser.)
110.117-010 for submission to MAGISTRATE (government ser.) 111.107-014 to obtain search
warrant necessary to raid premises suspected of housing illegal activities. Conducts raids upon
establishments suspected of violating such statutes as gambling or prostitution laws and oversees
arrest of persons involved. Details officers to public gatherings to protect public from
pickpockets and other criminals. May personally investigate criminal cases. May be designated
according to nature of crime investigated as Commanding Officer, Automobile Section
(government ser.); or according to rank as Detective Captain (government ser.); Detective
Lieutenant (government ser.); Detective Sergeant (government ser.) I.
375.167-026 HARBOR MASTER (government ser.) alternate titles: port warden
Directs and coordinates activities of harbor police force to
ensure enforcement of laws, regulations, and policies governing navigable waters and property
under jurisdiction of municipality or port district: Confers with officials, such as port authorities,
Coast Guard officers, and members of city council to establish policies, define responsibilities,
and determine operating requirements. Issues general instructions and outline of departmental
policies regarding water-traffic control, public safety, theft prevention, and apprehension of law
violators to subordinate officers and confers with them to determine operating procedures.
Authorizes or approves departmental expenditures, personnel actions, and department's
participation or assistance in activities not regularly assigned. Prepares periodic activity reports
and annual budget. May evaluate work performance of captain and crew of ship. May direct
rescue operations from patrol launch after major disaster, such as ship collision or downed
375.167-030 LAUNCH COMMANDER, HARBOR POLICE (government ser.)
Coordinates activities of crew patrolling municipal harbor to
detect and apprehend criminals and render assistance to persons in distress: Directs navigation of
power launch. Assigns stations and duties to crew as required by occurrences during patrol.
Rescues drowning victims, recovers bodies, and attempts to prevent sinking of ships in distress.
Cooperates with federal or other law enforcement officers in detection and apprehension of
criminals, such as smugglers and illegal entrants. Investigates suspicious vessels and
establishments in harbor area. Reports navigation hazards, faulty navigation aids, and fires or
marine accidents to authorities concerned. Receives orders from and reports activities to POLICE
CHIEF (government ser.) or HARBOR MASTER (government ser.), using radio or telephone.
Inspects appearance and condition of vessel and crew for conformity with departmental
standards. Maintains log of activities and fuel or other supplies consumed. Requisitions
provisions and fuel. May participate in firefighting activities in dock area. May train
crewmembers to rescue drowning victims, recover bodies, and prevent sinking of ships in
distress. May be designated according to rank as Harbor-Police Captain (government ser.);
Harbor-Police Lieutenant (government ser.).
375.167-034 POLICE CAPTAIN, PRECINCT (government ser.) alternate titles: captain; commanding officer, precinct; district captain; patrol commander; precinct captain; uniform-force captain
Directs and coordinates activities of members of police force
assigned to precinct or patrol division: Conducts roll call of officers at beginning and end of tour
of duty. Explains general orders, special messages, and decisions of POLICE CHIEF
(government ser.) 375.117-010 to subordinates. Assigns force members to designated posts.
Informs members of command of changes in regulations and policies, implications of new or
amended laws, and new techniques of police work. Submits report on condition of precinct or
police station house and equipment and on daily precinct or patrol activities to superiors.
Investigates charges of inefficiency or neglect of duty against force members and files charges
based on evidence. Recommends merit awards for subordinates. Investigates charges filed
against private citizens by complainants before issuing arrest orders. Reads and forwards reports
of subordinates to POLICE CHIEF (government ser.). May review activity reports prepared by
police personnel for quantity and quality of work performance. May read and answer police
correspondence. May write and submit police press releases to media. May issue city permits
signed by POLICE CHIEF (government ser.) for parades, street vendors and petitioners. May
assign and work with ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT (any industry) 169.167-010 to prepare
budget of department. May be designated according to assignment as Chief, Airport Safety And
Security (government ser.); Police Lieutenant, Precinct (government ser.); Police Sergeant,
Precinct (government ser.) II.
375.167-038 POLICE LIEUTENANT, PATROL (government ser.)
Directs and coordinates activities of municipal police patrol
force: Conducts roll call of subordinates. Relays orders and messages from superior. Inspects
police logbooks to ascertain that information is recorded in conformance with regulations.
Assists subordinates in performance of duties. Records information identifying arrested suspect
in logbook and advises prisoner of charges. Sets bail for prisoners held on nonfelony charges,
following court prepared instructions. May perform inspection tours of police beats.
375.167-042 SPECIAL AGENT (government ser.) alternate titles: criminal investigator
Investigates alleged or suspected criminal violations of
federal, state, or local laws to determine if evidence is sufficient to recommend prosecution:
Analyzes charge, complaint, or allegation of law violation to identify issues involved and types
of evidence needed. Assists in determining scope, timing, and direction of investigation.
Develops and uses informants to get leads to information. Obtains evidence or establishes facts
by interviewing, observing, and interrogating suspects and witnesses and analyzing records.
Examines records to detect links in chain of evidence or information. Uses cameras and
photostatic machines to record evidence and documents. Verifies information obtained to
establish accuracy and authenticity of facts and evidence. Maintains surveillances and performs
undercover assignments. Presents findings in clear, logical, impartial, and properly documented
reports. Reports critical information to and coordinates activities with other offices or agencies
when applicable. Testifies before grand juries. Serves subpoenas or other official papers. May
lead or coordinate work of other SPECIAL AGENTS. May obtain and use search and arrest
warrants. May serve on full-time, detail, or rotational protection assignments. May carry firearms
and make arrests. May be designated according to agency worked for as Special Agent, FBI
(government ser.); Special Agent, IRS (government ser.); Special Agent, Secret Service
375.167-046 TRAFFIC LIEUTENANT (government ser.)
Directs and coordinates activities of police personnel in
performance of traffic-control duties and removal of illegally parked vehicles: Recommends
changes in traffic-control devices and regulations, considering suggestions of subordinates as
well as own observations of traffic conditions at intersections or other points where police
personnel are stationed. Evaluates work performance of subordinates. May cooperate with
demonstration and parade officials to identify line of march and number of people involved in
event. May analyze proposed parade plans to determine traffic rerouting requirements and
number and disposition of police personnel; and prepares operations procedure to be utilized.
May assume command of police personnel at site of unauthorized demonstrations to minimize
traffic disruption and to maintain law and order.
375.167-050 COMMANDER, INTERNAL AFFAIRS (government ser.)
Directs activities of workers engaged in investigating
accusations against police personnel, administering disciplinary actions and inspecting police
personnel and equipment: Directs investigative work of internal affairs personnel to gather
information for presentation at hearings in response to accusations against police personnel or
deficiencies in performance. Schedules hearings to permit complainant or accused officer to
appeal recommended disciplinary action. Supervises work of POLICE INSPECTOR
(government ser.) I 375.267-026.
375.167-054 POLICE ACADEMY PROGRAM COORDINATOR (government ser.)
Plans and coordinates training programs for recruits,
in-service police officers, licensed security guards, and other law enforcement personnel:
Reviews police technology and law enforcement literature, surveys agency personnel, and
confers with Police Academy and Police Department administrators to determine training needs,
assess current programs, and propose new courses. Determines feasibility of proposed courses
based on factors such as number of registrants, availability of instructors, and funds allocation.
Arranges for course instructors, allocates space, and ensures availability of training materials and
equipment. Assists instructors during training sessions and evaluates course effectiveness.
Maintains enrollee records. May specialize in coordinating training in specific area, such as
security, police vehicle driving, or firearms.
375.227-010 POLICE-ACADEMY INSTRUCTOR (government ser.)
Instructs probationary and experienced POLICE OFFICERS
(government ser.) I in such phases of police work as police science, police ethics, investigative
methods and techniques, government, law, community relations, marksmanship, self defense,
and care of firearms. Evaluates test results and classroom performance of students and prepares
performance evaluation reports. May drill personnel at regular intervals or before parades and
375.263-010 ACCIDENT-PREVENTION-SQUAD POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: crash-squad accident investigator
Investigates traffic accidents as member of squad to obtain
details surrounding accident, determine if crime was committed, and to provide interested parties
with reliable data surrounding accident for use in legal action or formulation or revision of traffic
safety program: Photographs and diagrams accident scene and tests brakes and tires of involved
vehicles, using testing equipment. Questions and records statements of principals and eye
witnesses of accident. Reviews all facts to determine if crime, such as vehicular homicide,
murder, manslaughter, or assault, or traffic violation was involved. Arrests perpetrator of
criminal act or submits traffic citation to violator of motor vehicle ordinance. Files all facts,
records, and information involved in case for possible use in criminal or civil legal action or
375.263-014 POLICE OFFICER I (government ser.) alternate titles: patrol officer; traffic officer
Patrols assigned beat on foot, on motorcycle, in patrol car, or
on horseback to control traffic, prevent crime or disturbance of peace, and arrest violators:
Familiarizes self with beat and with persons living in area. Notes suspicious persons and
establishments and reports to superior officer. Reports hazards. Disperses unruly crowds at
public gatherings. Renders first aid at accidents, and investigates causes and results of accident.
Directs and reroutes traffic around fire or other disruption. Inspects public establishments
requiring licenses to ensure compliance with rules and regulations. Warns or arrests persons
violating animal ordinances. Issues tickets to traffic violators. Registers at police call boxes at
specified interval or time. Writes and files daily activity report with superior officer. May drive
patrol wagon or police ambulance. May notify public works department of location of abandoned
vehicles to tow away. May accompany parking meter personnel to protect money collected. May
be designated according to assigned duty as Airport Safety And Security Officer (government
ser.); Dance-Hall Inspector (government ser.); Traffic Police Officer (government ser.); or
according to equipment used as Ambulance Driver (government ser.); Motorcycle Police Officer
(government ser.); Mounted Police Officer (government ser.). May be designated:
Emergency-Detail Driver (government ser.); Patrol Driver (government ser.); Pool-Hall Inspector
(government ser.); Radio Police Officer (government ser.); Show Inspector (government ser.).
375.263-018 STATE-HIGHWAY POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: state trooper
Patrols state highways within assigned area, in vehicle
equipped with two-way radio, to enforce motor vehicle and criminal laws: Arrests or warns
persons guilty of violating motor vehicle regulations and safe driving practices. Monitors passing
traffic to detect stolen vehicles and arrests drivers where ownership is not apparent. Provides
road information and assistance to motorists. Directs activities in accident or disaster area,
rendering first aid and restoring traffic to normal. Investigates conditions and causes of accident.
Directs traffic in congested areas and serves as escort for funeral processions, military convoys,
and parades. Performs general police work by keeping order and apprehending criminals.
Appears in court as witness in traffic violation and criminal cases. Keeps records and makes
reports regarding activities. May assist law enforcement officers not under state jurisdiction. May
serve as DISPATCHER, RADIO (government ser.) 379.362-010 at patrol substation. May
supervise activities of station equipped to inspect automobiles for safe operating conditions.
375.264-010 POLICE OFFICER, CRIME PREVENTION (government ser.)
Inspects dwellings and public buildings to evaluate security
needs and to recommend measures to make premises less vulnerable to crime, and installs
burglar alarm systems: Inspects locks, window barriers, alarms, lighting, and other features to
evaluate needs and to recommend actions to strengthen security. Lends etching tools to
individuals to inscribe identifying information on personal and household articles. Installs
portable self-contained protective signal systems and positions sensing devices at strategic
locations to detect burglary or other irregularities and to notify police. Inspects equipment to
detect malfunctions. Addresses community groups to inform citizens of crime prevention and
security methods. May compile and analyze data from patrol unit reports to identify patterns of
crime and to recommend changes in police patrols to prevent further crimes.
375.267-010 DETECTIVE (government ser.) alternate titles: detective, criminal investigation; plain-clothes officer
Carries out investigations to prevent crimes or solve criminal
cases: Investigates known or suspected criminals or facts of particular case to detect planned
criminal activity or clues. Frequents known haunts of criminals and becomes familiar with
criminals to determine criminals' habits, associates, characteristics, aliases, and other personal
information. Records and reports such information to commanding officer. Investigates crimes
and questions witnesses. Examines scene of crime to obtain clues and gather evidence.
Investigates suspected persons and reports progress of investigation. Arrests or assists in arrest of
criminals or suspects. Prepares assigned cases for court, according to formalized procedures.
Testifies before court and grand jury. May be designated according to nature of crime
investigated as Detective, Automobile Section (government ser.); Detective, Homicide Squad
(government ser.); according to rank as Detective Sergeant (government ser.) II; or according to
administrative division to which assigned as Detective, Precinct (government ser.); Detective,
Youth Bureau (government ser.).
375.267-014 DETECTIVE, NARCOTICS AND VICE (government ser.)
Investigates and apprehends persons suspected of illegal sale
or use of narcotics, or violating anti-vice laws: Examines prescriptions in pharmacies and
physicians' records to ascertain legality of sale and distribution of narcotics, and determines
amount of such drugs in stock. Investigates persons suspected of illegal sale or purchase of
narcotics and arrests offenders. Investigates establishments and persons suspected of violating
anti-vice laws, working as member of squad, and conducts or participates in raids of such
establishments. Arrests suspects and obtains evidence to be used by DISTRICT ATTORNEY
(government ser.) in prosecuting case in court. Obtains statements for prosecution of offenders
and appears in court as witness. Records progress of investigation and reports to superior.
375.267-018 INVESTIGATOR, NARCOTICS (government ser.) alternate titles: narcotics investigator
Investigates and apprehends persons suspected of illegal sale
or use of narcotics: Compiles identifying information on suspects charged with selling narcotics.
Maintains surveillance of suspect to detect modus operandi. Selects undercover officer best
suited to contact suspect and purchase narcotics. Obtains police funds required to make purchase.
Submits written report containing charges, available facts, and evidence to MAGISTRATE
(government ser.) to authorize search warrant or wire tap. Observes and photographs narcotic
purchase transaction to compile evidence and protect undercover investigator. Arrests narcotics
offenders. Obtains statements for prosecution of offenders and appears in court as witness.
375.267-022 INVESTIGATOR, VICE (government ser.) alternate titles: morals-squad police officer; vice-squad police officer
Investigates establishments and persons suspected of
violating antivice laws, working as member of squad, and conducts raids upon such
establishments: Arrests suspects and obtains evidence to be used by state or municipality in
prosecuting suspects arrested. Records and maintains informational files on suspects and
establishments. Reviews governmental agency files to obtain identifying data pertaining to
suspects or establishments suspected of violating antivice laws. Maintains surveillance of
establishments to attain identifying information on suspects. May operate as undercover agent to
penetrate organized crime ring to obtain evidence necessary to arrest and prosecute.
375.267-026 POLICE INSPECTOR I (government ser.) alternate titles: division commander; field control inspector; police captain, senior
Inspects police stations and examines personnel and case
records to ensure that police personnel conform to prescribed standards of appearance, conduct,
and efficiency: Inspects premises and police records and observes activities in assigned division
for evidence of inefficiency and misconduct. Prepares reports concerning discipline, efficiency,
and condition of force within division. Submits reports to superiors and recommends disciplinary
action or changes in rules governing activities of force. Transmits orders from POLICE CHIEF
(government ser.) 375.117-010 to commanding officers within division. Takes command of
members of force during emergencies, such as fires and riots. May formulate procedures and
human resource requirements, and direct personnel assigned to crowd control at such events as
parades, demonstrations, and labor disputes. May serve as police liaison on public and civic
boards engaged in planning and developing programs, and prepare procedures to identify police
function in assisting board to improve community living. May be designated Police Chief,
Deputy (government ser.) and report directly to POLICE CHIEF (government ser.).
375.267-030 POLICE INSPECTOR II (government ser.)
Visits railroad stations, stores, theaters, places of amusement,
or public gatherings to detect, prevent, and solve crimes: Notes actions of known criminals or
suspicious persons to prevent crimes. Ascertains that establishments and publicly licensed
gatherings conform to law. Arrests or warns unruly persons, law violators, and suspected
criminals. Compares lists of stolen merchandise with items displayed in retail stores, pawn
shops, used-car lots, and other outlets for such goods. Directs closing of illegal establishments
and indecent amusement performances. Alerts other police officers or public authorities to take
prescribed action after he has left the premises. Files reports of establishments visited, findings,
and recommendations for action. May be designated according to assigned beat or establishment
visited as Inspector, Pawnshop Detail (government ser.). May be permanently assigned to
specific establishment, such as ballpark or recreation center.
375.267-034 INVESTIGATOR, INTERNAL AFFAIRS (government ser.)
Investigates complaints filed against police officers by
citizens: Interviews complainant to identify officers being accused and to obtain facts concerning
complaints. Interviews accused officers to obtain responses to accusations. Records interviews,
using recording device, and prepares charges and responses to charges, using recorded
information as reference. Conducts investigations to establish facts supporting complainant or
accused, using supportive information from witnesses or tangible evidence. Schedules polygraph
test for consenting parties, and records results of test interpretations for presentation with
findings. Writes report of findings from results of investigation and submits reports to
commanding officer for review. Testifies at hearings as requested.
375.267-038 POLICE OFFICER III (government ser.)
Conducts investigations to locate, arrest, and return fugitives
and persons wanted for nonpayment of support payments and unemployment insurance
compensation fraud, and to locate missing persons: Reviews files and criminal records to develop
possible leads, such as previous addresses and aliases. Contacts employers, neighbors, relatives,
law enforcement agencies, and other persons to locate person sought. Obtains necessary legal
documents, such as warrants or extradition papers, to bring about return of fugitive. Serves
warrants and makes arrests to return persons sought. Examines medical and dental x rays,
fingerprints, and other information to identify bodies held in morgue. Completes reports to
document information acquired and actions taken. Testifies in court to present evidence
375.267-042 POLICE OFFICER, SAFETY INSTRUCTION (government ser.)
Conducts training programs to enhance public and personal
safety and law enforcement: Collects and organizes materials, prepares and delivers lectures, and
plans and implements activities to educate and advise school students, teachers, parents, and
civic and business groups on such topics as personal and public safety, drugs, safe driving, and
law enforcement. Coordinates activities between schools, clubs and other organizations, and
police department to administer crime prevention programs. Talks with students, teachers,
parents, and other individuals to establish rapport, identify problems, offer assistance, and to aid
students in danger of becoming delinquent. Carries out investigations to prevent crimes and solve
criminal cases [DETECTIVE (government ser.) 375.267-010]. May survey premises of homes,
businesses, and other establishments to evaluate needs and to recommend safety and security
375.362-010 POLICE CLERK (government ser.)
Compiles daily duty roster and types and maintains various
records and reports in municipal police department to document information, such as daily work
assignments, equipment issued, vacation scheduled, training records, and personnel data:
Prepares duty roster to indicate such personnel information as days on, days off, equipment
assigned, and watch. Arranges schedule to most efficiently use personnel and equipment and
ensure availability of personnel for court dates. Submits roster to superior for approval. Compiles
and records data to maintain personnel folders. Reviews duty roster, personnel folders, and
training schedules to schedule training for police personnel. Performs other duties as described
under POLICE AIDE (government ser.) 243.362-014.
375.363-010 BORDER GUARD (government ser.) alternate titles: border patrol agent
Patrols on foot, by motor vehicle, power boat, or aircraft
along border or seacoast of United States to detect persons attempting to enter country illegally.
Apprehends and detains illegal entrants for subsequent action by immigration authorities. May
question agricultural workers near border to identify and apprehend illegal aliens. May report
evidence of smuggling observed on patrol to customs authorities.
375.367-010 POLICE OFFICER II (government ser.) alternate titles: correction officer; supervisor, education and custody
Guards female and juvenile persons detained at police station
house or detention room pending hearing, return to parents, or transfer to penal institution, and is
responsible for inmates' care while incarcerated: Searches all female prisoners for weapons,
contraband, drugs, and other harmful articles. Investigates background of first offenders and
causes for arrest, and makes recommendations to MAGISTRATE (government ser.) concerning
the disposition of case. Cares for and administers to female and juvenile prisoners who are sick
or intoxicated. Cares for lost and runaway children until parents or guardians are contacted.
Accompanies all female and juvenile prisoners to court and remains with prisoners until case has
been disposed of. May observe inmates in cells to assure prisoners' well-being and adherence to
regulations and rules. May maintain identification record of incarcerated females. May be
responsible for cleanliness and sanitation of dormitory and cells of detention rooms.
375.367-014 COMPLAINT EVALUATION OFFICER (government ser.)
Evaluates telephone requests for police services and monitors
alarm systems to determine urgency of requests and need to dispatch patrol car: Converses with
telephone caller to obtain information and respond to requests for police services. Evaluates
information received to determine if patrol car should be dispatched immediately, dispatched on
delayed basis, or if situation can be resolved without patrol car being dispatched. Observes light
and sound signals on wall panel to monitor alarm systems of fire department, private protective
agencies, citizen band radio, city hall, or other buildings. Relays information to DISPATCHER,
RADIO (government ser.) 379.362-010 when patrol car is to be dispatched.
375.367-018 POLICE OFFICER, BOOKING (government ser.)
Completes and maintains various records to book and process
prisoners: Prepares reports to document arrest information, such as name, address, charge, and
arresting officer. Fingerprints and searches prisoners. Records personal property of prisoners and
seals property in envelope. Logs and forwards arrest registers to teleprocessing unit to enter
information into computer-based information system. Monitors arrest registers, using
computer-based information system to ensure timely processing of prisoners in accordance with
procedural requirements. Reviews booking reports of prisoners arrested in other districts to
verify completeness and accuracy of reports. Schedules pretrial interviews, prepares court
dockets, and releases prisoners in response to bail being posted to process prisoners. Answers
inquiries to explain procedures, give status of individuals, verify information, and expedite
processing of prisoners.
375.384-010 POLICE OFFICER, IDENTIFICATION AND RECORDS (government ser.)
Collects evidence at scene of crime or fatal accident,
classifies and identifies fingerprints, and photographs evidence for use in criminal and civil
cases: Dusts selected areas of crime scene to locate and reveal latent fingerprints. Lifts prints
from crime site, using special tape. Photographs crime or accident scene to obtain record of
evidence. Photographs, records physical description, and fingerprints homicide victims and
suspects for identification purposes. Classifies and files fingerprints FINGERPRINT
CLASSIFIER (government ser.) 375.387-010. Develops film and prints, using photographic
developing equipment. Submits evidence to COMMANDER, IDENTIFICATION AND
RECORDS (government ser.) 375.137-010 for cataloging.
375.387-010 FINGERPRINT CLASSIFIER (government ser.) alternate titles: fingerprint expert
Classifies fingerprints and compares fingerprints of unknown
persons or suspects with fingerprint records to determine if prints were involved in previous
crimes: Classifies record cards containing fingerprints of crime suspects according to specified
grouping, and compares fingerprints with others in file to determine if prisoner has criminal
record or is wanted for other crimes. Examines fingerprint evidence left at scene of crime,
classifies prints, and endeavors to identify person. May fingerprint prisoner, using ink pad. May
transfer residual fingerprints from objects, such as weapons or drinking glasses, to record cards,
using standard technique. May keep files of criminals and suspects, containing such information
as photographs, habits, and modus operandi of crimes with which individual has been connected.
375.587-010 PARKING ENFORCEMENT OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: parking enforcement agent
Patrols assigned area, such as public parking lot or section of
city, to issue tickets to overtime parking violators. Winds parking meter clocks. Surrenders ticket
book at end of shift to supervisor to facilitate preparation of violation records. May report
missing traffic signals or signs to superior at end of shift. May chalk tires of vehicles parked in
unmetered spaces, record time, and return at specified intervals to ticket vehicles remaining in
spaces illegally. May collect coins deposited in meters. When patrolling metered spaces, may be
known as Meter Attendant (government ser.).
376 POLICE OFFICERS AND DETECTIVES, EXCEPT IN PUBLIC SERVICE
This group includes occupations concerned with policing private property to prevent thievery, malicious damage, and dishonesty among employees or patrons; and to maintain order. Includes investigating irregularities concerning fire, sabotage, or unlawful intrusion, and conducting private investigations on a fee basis.
376.137-010 MANAGER, INTERNAL SECURITY (business ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of STORE
DETECTIVES (retail trade), conducts private investigations, and sells internal protective service
to wholesale and retail businesses: Assigns STORE DETECTIVES (retail trade) to shifts at
various locations according to job requirements and worker's abilities, skills, and experience.
Observes workers in performance of duties to evaluate efficiency and to detect and correct
inefficient work practices. Interviews and hires workers to fill vacant positions. Demonstrates
and explains methods of detecting and apprehending shoplifters. Explains state laws concerning
arrest and detention to employees. Conducts private investigation to obtain information
concerning such matters as divorce evidence, juvenile runaways, and background data on persons
applying for employment, insurance, or bonding. Acts as undercover agent in retail stores to
detect employee incompetency and dishonesty. Prepares detailed reports concerning matters
investigated. Contacts business establishments to promote sales of security services. Analyzes
security needs, estimates costs, and presents proposal to prospective customer.
376.167-010 SPECIAL AGENT-IN-CHARGE (r.r. trans.)
Directs and coordinates activities of security staff to protect
railroad passengers, employees, and property: Plans and implements programs to protect railroad
passengers, employees, and property. Directs investigation of crimes on railroad property, freight
theft claims, or suspicious damage and loss of passenger's valuables. Directs security activities at
derailments and fires, floods and strikes involving railroad property or responsibility. Conducts
investigations and implements programs related to fire prevention and inspections, grade
crossing accident prevention, and other special safety and prevention measures. Directs security
training of new employees.
376.267-010 INVESTIGATOR, CASH SHORTAGE (retail trade)
Investigates cash shortages occurring in sales section of
department store: Receives notification regarding shortage of cash from audit or sales
department. Discusses shortage with sales department and security department supervisors.
Reviews sales checks and cash register tapes, and counts cash to verify shortages. Observes
personnel on closed circuit television to detect thefts. Questions store personnel to obtain
evidence and develop cases. Apprehends and turns suspect over to security department. Prepares
case summaries and testifies at hearings of suspects.
376.267-014 INVESTIGATOR, FRAUD (retail trade)
Investigates cases of fraud involving use of charge cards
reported lost or stolen, cash refunds, and nonexistent accounts in retail stores: Receives
information from credit, sales, and collection departments regarding suspected fraud cases.
Interviews store personnel, and observes and questions suspected customers to obtain evidence.
Compiles detailed reports on fraud cases, and submits and discusses cases with police. Consults
with postal officials when charge cards are reported stolen in mail. Testifies at court trials of
offenders. Prepares reports of fraud cases and submits reports to security department and other
376.267-018 INVESTIGATOR, PRIVATE (business ser.) alternate titles: detective, private eye; undercover agent; undercover operator
Conducts private investigations to locate missing persons,
obtain confidential information, and solve crimes: Questions individuals to locate missing
persons. Conducts surveillance of suspects using binoculars and cameras. Conducts background
investigation of individual to obtain data on character, financial status, and personal history.
Examines scene of crime for clues and submits fingerprints and findings to laboratory for
identification and analysis. Writes reports of investigations for clients. Reports criminal
information to police and testifies in court. May investigate activities of individuals in divorce
and child custody cases. May arrange lie detector tests for employees of clients or witnesses.
May escort valuables to protect client's property. May be employed in commercial or industrial
establishments for undercover work [DETECTIVE (any industry) I] or be assigned to guard
persons [BODYGUARD (personal ser.)].
376.267-022 SHOPPING INVESTIGATOR (business ser.) alternate titles: investigator; service auditor; shopping inspector; spotter
Shops in commercial, retail, and service establishments to test
integrity of sales and service personnel, and evaluates sales techniques and services rendered
customers: Reviews establishment's policies and standards to ascertain employee-performance
requirements. Buys merchandise, orders food, or utilizes services to evaluate sales technique and
courtesy of employee. Carries merchandise to check stand or sales counter and observes
employee during sales transaction to detect irregularities in listing or calling prices, itemizing
merchandise, or handling cash. Delivers purchases to agency conducting shopping investigation
service. Writes report of investigations for each establishment visited. Usually works as member
of shopping investigation crew.
376.367-010 ALARM INVESTIGATOR (business ser.) alternate titles: armed guard; investigator operator; security agent
Investigates source of alarm and trouble signals on
subscribers' premises, as recorded in central station of electrical protective signaling system:
Drives radio-equipped car to subscriber's establishment, and locates source of alarm. Investigates
disturbances, such as unlawful intrusion, fires, and property damage. Apprehends unauthorized
persons found on property, using armed force if necessary, and releases them to custody of
authorities. Contacts supervisor by radio or telephone to report irregularities and obtain further
instructions. Adjusts and repairs subscriber's signaling equipment to restore service, using
handtools. Coordinates activities with police and fire departments during alarms. Writes
investigation and automobile usage reports.
376.367-014 DETECTIVE I (any industry) alternate titles: investigator
Protects property of business establishment by detecting
vandalism, thievery, shoplifting, or dishonesty among employees or patrons, performing any
combination of following duties: Conducts investigations on own initiative or on request of
management. Stakes out company grounds to apprehend suspects in illegal acts. Questions
suspects and apprehends culprits. Files complaints against suspects and testifies in court as
witness. Writes case reports. Alerts other retail establishments when person of known criminal
character is observed in store. May be designated according to type of establishment as Store
Detective (retail trade).
376.367-018 HOUSE OFFICER (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: house detective; security officer; special officer
Patrols hotel or motel premises to maintain order, enforce
regulations, and ensure observance of applicable laws: Patrols lobbies, corridors, and public
rooms, confers with management, interviews guests and employees, and interrogates persons to
detect infringements and investigate disturbances, complaints, thefts, vandalisms, and accidents.
Patrols public areas to detect fires, unsafe conditions, and missing or inoperative safety
equipment. Warns or ejects troublemakers, and cautions careless persons. Obtains assistance for
accident victims and writes accident reports. Notifies staff of presence of persons with
questionable reputations. Assists management and enforcement officers in emergency situations.
Usually is not armed. May enter and check rooms of guests suspected of leaving without paying
bill to confirm suspicions and to seize any remaining personal property.
376.367-022 INVESTIGATOR (utilities)
Investigates persons suspected of securing services through
fraud or error: Makes personal calls on individuals in question and tactfully attempts to secure
evidence or personal admission that individual being investigated owes for previous service, or
obtains pertinent data to show that suspicion was unwarranted.
376.367-026 UNDERCOVER OPERATOR (retail trade) alternate titles: undercover agent
Detects thievery or problems of morality, or verifies
employee conformance to company policies and procedures, working in any occupation of
establishment: Talks to employees to gain their friendship and confidence. Observes daily
routines of employees and unusual occurrences. Performs duties of regular employees, such as
sales, stock control, or truck driving, depending on assignment and experience. Maintains record
of activities and makes periodic reports to home office.
376.667-010 BOUNCER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: house detective
Patrols place of entertainment to preserve order among
patrons and protect property: Circulates among patrons to prevent improper dancing, skating, or
similar activities, and to detect persons annoying other patrons or damaging furnishings of
establishment. Warns patrons guilty of infractions and evicts them tactfully from premises if they
become unruly or ejects them by force if necessary. Calls police if unable to quell disturbance.
May be designated according to type of establishment patrolled as Fun-House Attendant (amuse.
& rec.); Guard, Dance Hall (amuse. & rec.); Ice Guard, Skating Rink (amuse. & rec.).
376.667-014 DETECTIVE II (any industry)
Patrols premises of business establishment to preserve order
and enforce standards of decorum established by management: Requests patrons to conform with
rules pertaining to dress, behavior, or sobriety. Requests undesirable persons, such as inebriates,
rowdies, known criminals, or perverts to leave premises and forcibly ejects undesirables or
notifies police. May be designated according to employing establishment as Detective, Bowling
Alley (amuse. & rec.); Special Officer, Automat (hotel & rest.).
376.667-018 PATROLLER (r.r. trans.)
Guards, patrols, and polices railroad yards, stations, and other
facilities to protect company property: Examines credentials of persons desiring entrance to
unauthorized areas. Patrols yards to apprehend unauthorized persons and remove them from
yard. Walks about stations or terminal to maintain order. Polices right-of-way to prevent
dumping of rubbish on company grounds. Arrests persons dumping rubbish on grounds.
Cooperates with local law enforcement agencies in apprehending trespassers or thieves. May
record seal numbers of boxcars containing high pilferage items, such as cigarettes and liquor, and
verify record with electronic data processing list of original seal and car numbers to detect
pilfered cars. May seal empty boxcars by twisting nails in door hasps, using nail twister. May be
designated according to assigned post as Gate Guard (r.r. trans.); Right-Of-Way Inspector (r.r.
trans.); Station Patroller (r.r. trans.); Yard Patroller (r.r. trans.).
377 SHERIFFS AND BAILIFFS
This group includes occupations concerned with enforcing law and order in rural or unincorporated districts; maintaining order in court; and serving summonses.
377.134-010 SUPERVISOR, IDENTIFICATION AND COMMUNICATIONS (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of officers engaged in
gathering and identifying evidence and operating radio relay transmitters to furnish information
to fire and law enforcement departments: Designs and installs criminal identification filing
systems, such as fingerprint, photograph, modus operandi and name, criminal-wanted and crimes
reported files, to facilitate information retrieval. Directs exchange of criminal records between
department and local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Prepares operator's work
schedules to ensure round-the-clock coverage of radio transceivers. Assigns officers to duties
according to work load. Verifies fingerprint classifications performed by IDENTIFICATION
OFFICER (government ser.) to ensure accuracy. Collects and processes evidence in homicide
cases [IDENTIFICATION OFFICER (government ser.)]. Testifies in court as qualified
fingerprint expert. Determines equipment needs and prepares and submits request for federal
grants upon approval of DEPUTY SHERIFF, CHIEF (government ser.). Checks permit prior to
hook-up of commercial establishment's burglar alarm to department's communication system.
Analyzes and resolves or assists subordinates in resolving work problems. Estimates annual
expenditures, prepares budget, and submits to superior for review. Directs staff in preparation of
activity and statistical reports.
377.137-010 DEPUTY SHERIFF, COMMANDER, CIVIL DIVISION (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
executing mandates of civil court: Reviews contents of orders, such as summonses,
garnishments, property seizures, and arrest orders, for adherence to state laws and county
ordinances. Assigns cases to DEPUTY SHERIFF, CIVIL DIVISION (government ser.) for
execution of court orders. Discusses cases with subordinates and recommends course of action.
Prepares legal notices of $T3sheriff's sales$T1 by arranging for posting in public places and
mailing copy to newspapers. Oversees or conducts sale of real and personal property legally
confiscated by county. Reviews reports to determine progress and disposition of cases. Oversees
collection, recording, and depositing of legal fees gathered by subordinates. Examines civil
division accounts and financial records for completeness and accuracy. Submits data for audits
by state and county officials. Writes reports on civil division activities and submits to superiors.
Disciplines staff for violation of regulations and resolves personnel problems. Performs duties
such as serving civil court orders, seizing property, and making arrests.
377.137-014 DEPUTY SHERIFF, COMMANDER, CRIMINAL AND PATROL DIVISION (government ser.) alternate titles: squad leader; watch commander
Supervises and coordinates activities of one or more squad
units in law enforcement activities of patrol and criminal division of county sheriff's department:
Reviews duty log of previous shift. Assigns units to posts based on activities of log or on order
of DEPUTY SHERIFF, CHIEF (government ser.). Tours patrol areas to ensure execution of
orders and adherence to divisional work procedures. Inspects uniform appearance of officers and
checks patrol vehicles for conformity to standards. Directs squad activities in cases of civil unrest
or emergency to coordinate deployment of human resources and weapons, first aid units,
sniper-suppression teams, search-rescue units, and mounted forces. Consults with state and local
law enforcement agencies to provide or obtain information. Prepares reports about patrol
activities, squad efficiency, discipline, and personnel evaluation and submits reports to superior.
Prepares shift schedules and human resource projections. Conducts hearings in cases of
misconduct of subordinates. Evaluates reports on undercover operations, determines priority, and
assigns personnel to cases. Supervises officers in obtaining court orders and oversees procedures
involved with arrests, fingerprinting, and filing of charges. Trains officers in police techniques.
Assists subordinates in operations, such as surveillance, raids, and arrests. May speak before
civic groups on law enforcement topics. May act as receiving officer for division when accepting
delivery of equipment and supplies. May act as extradition officer for division. May perform
duties of absent DEPUTY SHERIFF, CHIEF (government ser.).
377.137-018 DEPUTY, COURT (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of court peace officers
engaged in providing security and maintaining order within individual courtrooms and
throughout courthouse: Tours and inspects duty stations of BAILIFF (government ser.) to ensure
compliance with regulation job duties and correct appearance. Patrols courthouse to quell
disturbances and to keep order. Trains newly appointed officers in performance of job duties.
Communicates with COURT CLERKS (government ser.) to identify day's court calendar.
Prepares and schedules work assignments of court officers, and issues daily duty assignments.
Prepares jury's meal vouchers for court official assigned to escort jurors to restaurant. Secures
lodging facilities and transportation for jurors deliberating lengthy trials. Prepares and submits
activity and time reports to DEPUTY SHERIFF, CHIEF (government ser.). May witness name
selection list of prospective jurors to ensure impartiality. May perform duties of BAILIFF
377.167-010 DEPUTY SHERIFF, CHIEF (government ser.)
Directs and coordinates activities of county sheriff's
department: Schedules work assignments and deployment of human resources in patrol division
and transmits orders to subordinate officers for execution. Supervises investigations of narcotics
traffic and auto theft, evaluates progress with investigators, and plans actions, such as raids,
surveillance, or arrests. Issues funds to undercover operatives to buy information or contraband.
Advises subordinates of procedures required to secure search and bench warrants. Reviews
available evidence for suitability and consults with district attorney in preparation of grand jury
cases. Develops departmental procedures to serve as guidelines for proper conduct of patrol
division activities, based on legal information and previous law enforcement experience.
Monitors effectiveness of procedures through follow-up with patrol officers. Reviews daily
patrol activity log prepared by subordinates. Conducts meetings of patrol officers to evaluate
operations and efficiency of squad members. Investigates civilian complaints against division
members and determines action to be taken based on evidence secured. Disciplines division
members for violation of intradepartmental rules and regulations. Resolves personnel problems
of division members or refers problems to supervisor if no solution is found. Inspects firearms in
division armory to ensure operational readiness. Collects and analyzes data on division activities.
Prepares regular and supplemental budgets for division and submits to superior. Requisitions
equipment and services for division and assumes responsibility for receipt of items. Writes
reports concerning division activities and submits to sheriff. Addresses civic and educational
groups on law enforcement subjects. Conducts training sessions in police training school and
within division and assumes field command of division during emergency operations.
377.263-010 SHERIFF, DEPUTY (government ser.)
Maintains law and order and serves legal processes of courts:
Patrols assigned area to enforce laws, investigate crimes, and arrest violators. Drives vehicle
through assigned area, observing traffic violations and issuing citations. Assumes control at
traffic accidents to maintain traffic flow, assist accident victims, and investigate causes of
accidents. Investigates illegal or suspicious activities of persons, quells disturbances, and arrests
law violators. Locates and takes persons into custody on arrest warrants. Transports or escorts
prisoners between courtrooms, prison, and medical facilities. Serves subpoenas and summonses
[PROCESS SERVER (business ser.)] and keeps record of dispositions. Keeps order in courtroom
[BAILIFF (government ser.)]. May operate radio to deliver instructions to patrol units. May
assist in dragging river to locate bodies.
377.264-010 IDENTIFICATION OFFICER (government ser.)
Collects, analyzes, classifies and photographs physical
evidence and fingerprints to identify criminals: Searches for evidence and dusts surfaces to reveal
latent fingerprints. Photographs crime site and fingerprints to obtain record of evidence. Lifts
print on tape and transfers to permanent record cards. Vacuums site to collect physical evidence
and submits to SUPERVISOR, IDENTIFICATION AND COMMUNICATIONS (government
ser.) for verifications. Photographs, fingerprints, and measures height and weight of arrested
suspects, noting physical characteristics, and posts data on record for filing. Prepares and
photographs plastic moulage of footprints and tire tracks. Compares fingerprints obtained with
suspect or unknown files to identify perpetrator [FINGERPRINT CLASSIFIER (government
ser.)]. Manipulates $T3mask mirror$T1 on specialized equipment to prepare montage of suspect
according to description from witnesses. May fingerprint applicant for employment or federal
clearance and forward prints to other law enforcement agencies. May testify in court as qualified
377.267-010 DEPUTY UNITED STATES MARSHAL (government ser.)
Enforces law and order under jurisdiction of federal courts:
Receives prisoners into federal custody. Escorts prisoners to and from jails and courts, and
guards prisoners during hospitalization. Provides protection to court personnel, jurors, and
witnesses or their families. Serves civil and criminal writs. Reviews records, gathers information,
and traces and arrests individuals named in criminal warrants. Assists federal agencies in matters
such as investigations, raids, and arrests as directed. Seizes property pursuant to court orders.
377.363-010 DEPUTY SHERIFF, GRAND JURY (government ser.) alternate titles: deputy, grand jury
Guards grand jury room and district attorney's offices to
provide security: Searches premises to ensure security of rooms. Questions individuals entering
area to determine purpose of business and directs or reroutes individuals to destinations. Arrests
persons violating law, and summons patrol unit to take custody. Notifies sheriff's patrol units of
need for assistance or medical aid. Requests prisoner's arrest records be sent by criminal
identification unit to DISTRICT ATTORNEY (government ser.). Prepares and validates receipts
to reimburse witnesses for travel expenses. Occasionally transports prisoners between jail,
district attorney's office, and penitentiary for questioning, trial, or incarceration.
377.667-010 BAILIFF (government ser.) alternate titles: court officer
Maintains order in courtroom during trial and guards jury
from outside contact: Checks courtroom for security and cleanliness. Assures availability of
sundry supplies for use of JUDGE (government ser.). Enforces courtroom rules of behavior and
warns persons not to smoke or disturb court procedure. Collects and retains unauthorized
firearms from persons entering courtroom. Stops people from entering courtroom while JUDGE
(government ser.) charges jury. Provides jury escort to restaurant and other areas outside of
courtroom to prevent jury contact with public. Guards lodging of sequestered jury. Reports need
for police or medical assistance to sheriff's office. May advise attorneys of dress required of
witnesses. May announce entrance of JUDGE (government ser.).
377.667-014 DEPUTY SHERIFF, BUILDING GUARD (government ser.) alternate titles: deputy, building guard
Patrols courthouse, guards court, and escorts defendants:
Patrols courthouse to provide security. Escorts defendants to and from courtroom and stands
guard during court proceedings. Records daily activities in log. May operate vehicle to transport
prisoners to penal institutions. May direct traffic in courthouse parking areas.
377.667-018 DEPUTY SHERIFF, CIVIL DIVISION (government ser.)
Serves orders of civil court: Delivers court orders, such as
subpoenas, garnishments, property executions, commitments and show-cause orders to
individuals. Collects money from garnishee and issues receipt. Confiscates real or personal
property by court order for disposal at $T3sheriff's sale$T1 and posts notice of sale in public
places. Serves warrants and evicts persons from property designated by court order. Submits
written report on disposition of assigned cases to superior. May conduct or assist at sheriff's sale.
378 ARMED FORCES ENLISTED PERSONNEL
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with protecting the nation from enemies and maintaining peace and order during times of martial law or civil disobedience.
378.132-010 FIELD ARTILLERY SENIOR SERGEANT (military ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
direction of artillery fire, target acquisition, operation of field artillery, operation of radar
equipment, and operation of survey and fire direction equipment incident to control of artillery
fire and naval gunfire: Prepares field orders, training, and status reports, and intelligence reports.
Advises superior on assignments, promotions, and other matters related to troop welfare.
Prepares schedule for unit training. Conducts classes on unit drill, military courtesy, and similar
subjects. Assists supervisor on inspection tour of artillery units, and prepares notes on
discrepancies found. Initiates corrective action to correct discrepancies.
378.137-010 INFANTRY UNIT LEADER (military ser.)
Supervises or assists in supervision of personnel during
training and tactical employment of infantry unit: Directs personnel in preparing weapons and
equipment for movement and combat operations. Directs personnel in establishment of unit
command post and assists in operation of command post. Assists supervisor in formulating plans
of employment of unit and in directing and leading infantry unit. Assists supervisor in
coordinating employment of unit's fire and support weapons. Inspects unit weapons and
equipment to determine functioning condition of weapons and equipment and initiates action to
correct deficiencies. Directs personnel in preparation of unit correspondence, reports, schedules,
and rosters. Directs personnel in distribution of ammunition, food, and other supplies.
378.161-010 COMBAT SURVEILLANCE AND TARGET ACQUISITION NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER (military ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in
providing combat surveillance and target acquisition information, such as sound, flash, or survey,
in support of field artillery units: Confers with firing battery personnel to coordinate target
acquisition and combat surveillance activities and to provide liaison between target acquisition or
combat surveillance units and artillery units. Advises commanding officer on matters related to
troop welfare, including personnel assignments, discipline, and training needs. Directs personnel
in preparing charts, maps, and overlays.
378.227-010 MARKSMANSHIP INSTRUCTOR (military ser.)
Instructs personnel in rifle, pistol, and shotgun
marksmanship: Explains and demonstrates weapon safety, firing positions, sight picture, and
alignment, breath and trigger control, and other specified fundamentals and techniques of
marksmanship: Instructs personnel in nomenclature, weapon disassembly, weapon operation,
weapon stoppages, and immediate corrective action for small arms weapons. Explains range
safety regulations. Inspects small arms weapons to ensure that weapons are clean, properly
lubricated, and in designated operating condition. Observes personnel during firing to ensure that
safety procedures are followed. Offers corrective advice to personnel to improve marksmanship
and to aid in correcting weapon malfunctions. Scores field firing results to include target
detection, range estimation, firing positions, and other marksmanship principles.
378.227-014 RECRUIT INSTRUCTOR (military ser.) alternate titles: drill sergeant
Instructs newly recruited military personnel, in accordance
with training schedules and orders: Orients recruits in fundamentals of service life, discipline,
physical fitness, pride and love of service and country. Trains recruits in close order drill.
Instructs recruits in nomenclature, disassembly, assembly, and functioning of small arms
weapons; and assists in weapons marksmanship instruction. Instructs recruits in general orders
(standing requirements) for sentinels, interior guard duty, personal hygiene, first aid, military
posture, and care of clothing and equipment. Lectures on military history and tradition, customs
of the armed services, military courtesy, and regulations. Evaluates recruit performance in all
facets of training. Assists superior in conduct of parades and reviews; maintains records and
prepares reports. May instruct personnel in conduct of hand-to-hand combat and bayonet drill.
378.227-018 SURVIVAL SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Instructs personnel in survival and rescue techniques and
procedures and on how to evade, escape, and resist enemy interrogation, exploitation, and
political indoctrination as prisoner of war: Demonstrates methods of constructing emergency
shelter, building animal or fish traps and snares, improvising clothing and equipment, and
recognizing, procuring, preparing, and preserving water and various plant and animal life.
Demonstrates use of life support and recovery equipment, basic survival kit items, and
application of survival medicine. Instructs personnel in use of support and recovery equipment
and procedures for signaling and guiding search vehicles. Discusses and demonstrates principles
and techniques of escape and evasion, penetration of barriers, camouflage, and organization of
prisoner of war groups.
378.267-010 COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AGENT (military ser.)
Collects, evaluates, and disseminates counterintelligence
information: Investigates activities of enemy agents, collaborationists or other specified
personnel known or suspected to have knowledge or record of counterintelligence information.
Interrogates suspects, informants, and witnesses while conducting investigations to obtain
information pertaining to activities, such as actual, attempted, or suspected treason, sedition,
subversion, disaffection, espionage, and sabotage. Conducts security surveys and inspections of
installation, activities, and personnel. Evaluates information obtained and recommends remedial
action. Prepares administrative forms and correspondence incident to granting security
clearances. Conducts security lectures. Directs personnel engaged in general security
indoctrination for military personnel or civilian employees. May plan, organize, and coordinate
activities of counterintelligence agents and teams.
378.267-014 DISASTER OR DAMAGE CONTROL SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Assists disaster preparedness officer in preparation and
monitoring of disaster preparedness plans and procedures: Inspects protective equipment to
determine operational readiness. Directs personnel in repair of equipment. Directs location,
marking, and stocking of radiation shelters. Confers with superiors and civil defense personnel to
provide information on radiological monitoring and survey; biological and chemical weapons
and effects; protective measures and decontamination methods; and biological, chemical, and
nuclear accident control to assist superior in development of local emergency plans. Tests
suspected area to detect presence of toxic agents, using chemical detection equipment and
identifies type of chemical agent. Tests areas for radioactive contamination, using portable
measuring instruments. Collects biological samples and tests and identifies biological agents.
Plots area of contamination on map. Informs superior of contaminated area and type of
contamination. Recommends to superior method to be followed to decontaminate personnel,
equipment, and area. Informs superior when decontamination has been completed. Conducts
training in methods and techniques of defense during chemical, biological, and nuclear warfare.
378.281-010 TARGET AIRCRAFT TECHNICIAN (military ser.)
Services, repairs, and overhauls drone target aircraft and
aircraft engines: Repairs, replaces, and assembles parts, such as wings, cowlings, stabilizers, and
propeller assembly, using power tools and handtools to rebuild or replace airframe or airframe
components. Replaces worn or damaged parts, such as spark plugs, parachute, and battery, using
handtools. Tests aircraft engine operation. Places aircraft on launching device, including catapult
launcher. Installs JATO (Jet Assist Take-Off) or other launching propellant. Starts aircraft, using
portable starting equipment. Adjusts carburetor to regulate fuel mixture to attain optimum engine
performance. Performs preflight inspection of target aircraft. Inspects launching device prior to
each launch. Diagnoses electronic malfunctions. Repairs and replaces defective parts and wiring.
378.362-010 SOUND RANGING CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Operates sound ranging equipment to detect location of
enemy artillery fire during combat or training, serving as member of sound ranging crew: Patrols
area and selects operating site. Deploys and positions sound detection equipment and monitors
equipment to detect sounds of enemy artillery fire. Records sound data and computes location of
enemy artillery. Notifies friendly artillery unit, using radio, of direction and location of enemy
378.363-010 ARMOR RECONNAISSANCE SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Drives military wheeled or tracked vehicle and observes area
to gather information concerning terrain features, enemy strength, and location, serving as
member of ground armored reconnaissance unit: Reports information to commander, using
secure voice communication procedure. Writes field messages to report combat reconnaissance
information. Drives armored, tracked, and wheeled vehicles in support of tactical operations to
harass, delay, and destroy enemy troops. Directs gunfire from vehicle to provide covering or
flanking fire against enemy attack. Prepares and employs night firing aids to assist in delivering
accurate fire. Tests surrounding air to determine presence and identity of chemical agents, using
chemical agent detecting equipment, radiac, or radiological monitoring device. Drives vehicle to
bridge locations to mark routes and control traffic. Requests and adjusts mortar and artillery fire
on targets and reports effectiveness of fire.
378.367-010 ARTILLERY OR NAVAL GUNFIRE OBSERVER (military ser.)
Observes and reports by specified means of communications,
enemy and simulated enemy locations to coordinate and adjust artillery or naval gunfire during
combat or training: Selects sites for observation posts. Sets up observation and communication
instruments and equipment. Informs infantry, artillery, or naval gunfire ships of enemy activity,
location of friendly troops and other pertinent intelligence data, using radio. Confers with
artillery and gunship personnel to request and adjust artillery and naval gunfire. Confers with fire
direction center personnel to report gunfire results based on knowledge of characteristics,
capabilities, and limitations of artillery, mortar, rocket, and naval gunfire, using radio.
378.367-014 FIELD ARTILLERY OPERATIONS SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Collects, records, and evaluates information pertinent to
location of enemy weapons for use by friendly artillery, using chronograph, gun direction
computer, and other fire direction equipment: Observes enemy fire, using transit and records
angle to firing position. Measures velocity of projectiles fired from enemy weapon, using
chronograph. Determines direction of enemy weapons, using gun direction computer. Collects
data and constructs firing chart to plot target location. Computes azimuth (direction), elevation,
and other firing data (information to engage target). Communicates firing data to artillery unit
personnel, using radio and transmits artillery fire adjustment data to artillery unit.
378.367-018 FLASH RANGING CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Measures range and horizontal and vertical angles to enemy
artillery flashes and projectile bursts, using flash ranging equipment in observation post: Selects
location site for observation post. Performs traverse survey to establish coordinate location of
observation post. Orients and calibrates flash ranging instruments. Observes enemy weapon
flashes during firing and projectile bursts, using flash ranging instrument, and records horizontal
and vertical angles to flash or burst. Computes data to determine distance and direction of enemy
emplacement. Confers with artillery personnel to report location of enemy forces and
effectiveness of friendly fire weapons.
378.367-022 INFANTRY OPERATIONS SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Collects, evaluates, and prepares operation and intelligence
information at battalion or higher headquarters for combined arms combat operations: Assists
superior in organizing and operating unit operations section when deployed in field. Prepares
operation maps, maintains situation maps, indicating location, strength, tactical deployment and
emplacements of friendly and enemy units. Receives and records on situation maps pertinent
information obtained from intelligence and reconnaissance reports, using conventional signs and
symbols. Prepares and maintains operations journal which contains briefs of important written
and oral messages received and sent, notations of periodic reports, orders, and specified matters
that pertain to section or unit. Assists superior in preparing war diaries and special reports upon
completion of operation. Prepares orders, training orders, memorandums, schedules, status, and
378.367-026 OPERATIONS AND INTELLIGENCE ASSISTANT (military ser.)
Collects, consolidates, and evaluates air defense intelligence
information received from ground observers; radar sections; other supportive units; and prepares
and revises operations and situation maps: Communicates with intelligence personnel from radar,
ground observation, and other supportive units to collect air defense information, using field
telephone and radiotelephone equipment, and plots early warning information on situation board.
Prepares and revises operations and situation maps to indicate location, strength, and tactical
employment of friendly and hostile units. Alerts personnel of firing batteries as to grid locations
of incoming targets, using radio.
378.367-030 RECONNAISSANCE CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Observes, locates, and reports enemy force movements and
terrain characteristics from vantage point: Conducts surveillance from vantage post to observe
such places as bridges, airfields, roads, and rivers to detect enemy movements. Observes beach
areas to determine possible amphibious landing site. Requests artillery, air, and naval gunfire to
destroy enemy forces, using radio. Fires weapons, such as pistol, rifle, and grenade launcher.
Studies maps and aerial photographs to locate enemy force.
378.382-010 AIRBORNE SENSOR SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Operates airborne sensing equipment to locate and identify
friendly and enemy aircraft: Places and secures sensing and monitoring equipment, such as IFF
(Identification Friend or Foe), infrared, and radar, in aircraft. Pushes buttons, presses switches
and turns knobs to start, control, and stop equipment. Observes equipment scopes and indicators
to obtain data to determine location and identity of aircraft. Contacts Command Post personnel,
using radio, to report presence of enemy aircraft. Examines equipment to detect malfunctions.
Replaces malfunctioning components, including tubes and circuit boards, to repair equipment,
378.382-014 DEFENSIVE FIRE CONTROL SYSTEMS OPERATOR (military ser.)
Operates inflight fire control system to detect intrusion of
enemy aerial vehicles and to evade or destroy airborne threat during combat or training:
Observes radar scope to detect blips indicative of aerial vehicles. Identifies vehicles following
manual procedures. Notifies superior of presence of enemy aircraft, missile, or other aerial
vehicle. Presses buttons as directed by superior to activate automatic tracking system and to
automatically fire weapons and infrared missile launcher to destroy enemy or simulated threat.
Diagnoses equipment malfunction. Replaces defective parts and wiring and adjusts mechanical
378.382-018 UNATTENDED-GROUND-SENSOR SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Emplaces, records location, and operates remote surveillance
devices and other monitoring equipment to gather intelligence information relating to enemy
location, direction, and speed of movement: Examines air photographs and contour maps to
determine best location for surveillance devices and monitoring equipment. Assists superiors in
sensing equipment emplacement. Selects radio-relay sensor sites, and emplaces and activates
relay stations. Installs and operates communications equipment. Uses authentication codes,
signal operating instructions, and standing signal instructions when operating communication
equipment. Camouflages sensor positions and tactical field positions. Observes monitoring,
recording, and display devices and interprets and reports information gathered. Computes
density, direction, rate of movement, and nature of targets detected. Performs preventive
maintenance on unattended ground sensors, relay equipment, monitoring devices, and ancillary
equipment. May recommend appropriate action and reaction to be taken and request supporting
fire on targets.
378.464-010 ANTITANK ASSAULT GUNNER (military ser.)
Positions, fires, and maintains antitank and assault weapons,
such as recoilless rifle, portable flame thrower, and multishot portable flame weapon: Prepares
weapons and equipment for movement. Designates location for and positions weapons.
Computes firing data, loads and aims weapons preparatory to firing. Fires antitank and assault
weapons at fixed and moving targets. Assists supervisor in leading antitank or assault units to
assault positions during combat or training operations, furnishing supporting fire for other
infantry units. Assists supervisor in coordinating unit's fire and movement with that of unit
supported, adjacent units, and other support units. Constructs and camouflages positions and
ground obstacles for antitank and assault squads. Employs, arms, disarms, and removes mines
used for local security and antitank defense. Protects weapons and equipment against chemical
warfare agents and decontaminates weapons and equipment when exposed to chemical attack.
Performs minor repairs to weapons and equipment. May direct fire of other infantry crew-served
378.663-010 VULCAN CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Fires vehicle mounted Vulcan artillery system (multibarrel
rapid firing weapon) during combat and training operations: Drives vehicle to transport Vulcan
system into firing position. Lifts and carries ammunition from vehicle storage to Vulcan firing
platform. Inserts ammunition into firing tube to load Vulcan for firing. Presses button to engage
firing mechanism that automatically fires system. Operates support equipment, such as power
generators, fire control devices, and radios. Repairs and maintains support equipment, using
handtools, power tools, and measuring instruments, to ensure optimum operational efficiency.
378.682-010 REDEYE GUNNER (military ser.)
Operates and fires Redeye Guided Missile Weapon System
(short range ground to air missile) to destroy low flying enemy aircraft: Observes low flying
enemy aircraft or receives radar information concerning low flying aircraft. Visually identifies
aircraft detected. Evaluates enemy threat, and establishes priority of engagement. Notifies
superior of target. Presses switches, upon order, to activate automatic tracking system and fires
missile at target. Confers with supervisor, using radio to transmit results of firing. Selects
appropriate primary and alternate positions for Redeye employment, considering capabilities and
limitations of weapon, friendly troop location and situation in area to be defended, and probable
aircraft tactics and directions of attack.
378.682-014 SMOKE AND FLAME SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Operates and controls smoke or flame and support equipment,
such as self-propelled flamethrowers, smoke generators, and radio equipment, to provide
smokescreen or flame support for military forces during combat or training: Observes terrain and
weather conditions to determine location for smoke generators and smoke munitions. Starts
smoke generator to form smokescreen. Observes smokescreen to ensure proper screening without
interference to mission of adjacent friendly units. Adjusts smoke generators as needed to obtain
optimum quality and quantity of screening smoke. Assists in loading flamethrower and
on-vehicle weapons. Moves firing controls and fire control instruments to operate and fire
vehicular mounted weapons and self-propelled flamethrowers. Moves driver controls to start,
stop, and steer self-propelled flamethrower vehicles. Receives and stores on-vehicle materials,
such as rations, fuel, and ammunition. Confers with squad or unit personnel to report observance
of targets or other combat information, using visual signal, radio or telephone, in conformance
with terminology and security procedures. Performs preventive maintenance and repairs on
equipment and weapons, such as flamethrowers, radio equipment, and smoke generators.
378.683-010 AMPHIBIAN CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Drives or steers military amphibious equipment, such as
tractors and armored vehicles on land and sea to transport personnel, supplies, and equipment in
support of combat or training operations: Loads supplies and equipment aboard vehicle. Confers
with superior to determine course to be followed. Drives or steers vehicle to transport personnel,
supplies, and equipment between ship and shore. Confers with personnel aboard ship and on
land, using radio to transmit and receive information concerning enemy location, troop
movement, and enemy gunfire encountered. Loads ammunition into breech of weapon. Aims and
fires weapon at enemy emplacement.
378.683-014 POWERED BRIDGE SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Operates mobile military assault bridge vehicle and other
power bridging equipment on land and water to position and connect bridge and raft sections
across streams, rivers, and other water obstacles: Selects most suitable site for entering of
streams and other water obstacles based on physical characteristics of water obstacles, such as
depth, distance across, and swiftness of water, using depth charges, range indicators, and tide and
current tables. Manipulates driver's controls and helm to start, stop, and steer vehicle and
connects with other vehicles to form rafts and bridges. Pumps water out of vehicle, using bilge
pump. Confers with other vehicle operators and unit personnel, using radio and interphone to
provide information concerning progress of work, enemy troop movement, and similar tactical
378.683-018 TANK CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Drives military tank and fires tank weapons working as
member of tank crew: Prepares tank and equipment for movement and combat. Drives tank over
various types of terrain to locate target. Loads ammunition into breech of weapon. Aims weapon,
using tank fire control equipment and fires weapon at target. Camouflages position and protects
tank and equipment against chemical warfare agents. Decontaminates tank and equipment when
exposed to contaminants.
378.684-010 CAMOUFLAGE SPECIALIST (military ser.)
Camouflages military field equipment and installations, using
items such as nets, paint, brush, and grass: Observes field areas to determine types of camouflage
required. Applies specified garnishes to nets to prepare nets for use in camouflaging activities.
Drapes and covers field equipment and activities with nets, employing rigging techniques.
Camouflages equipment and structures, using paint and natural materials, such as grass and
brush. Fabricates camouflage materials and decoys in shop, using handtools. Erects decoys, runs
misleading tracks to decoys, and simulates activity to confuse enemy forces.
378.684-014 COMBAT RIFLE CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Opposes members of enemy ground force in effort to destroy
or capture enemy forces, using rifle, during combat or training operations, and serving as
member of infantry unit: Constructs field fortifications, including wire entanglements and road
blocks, using handtools, barbed wire, and lumber. Camouflages combat equipment and weapons,
using items such as paint, nets, leaves, and brush. Places and activates antitank or antipersonnel
mines in mine field. Decontaminates weapons and equipment when exposed to chemical or
nuclear contamination, using specified procedures. Observes compass, aerial photographs, and
maps to determine field position for troop movements. Examines equipment and weapons to
detect malfunctions. Repairs weapons and equipment, using items such as handtools, oil, and
rags. Fires machine guns, grenade launchers, and rifles to inflict casualties on enemy force.
378.684-018 FIELD ARTILLERY CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Loads and fires field artillery gun or howitzer during combat
or training situations: Selects firing site and positions cannon according to orders. Camouflages
position if terrain and situation require camouflage. Loads ammunition into breech of cannon.
Fires cannon upon order. Realigns cannon position to engage target and repeats cannon firing
procedures to fulfill mission requirements on target. Inspects weapon and replaces worn or
unserviceable parts, such as gears, springs, and ejectors. Cleans and lubricates hubs, wheels, and
similar assemblies, using handtools, brushes, solvents, and rags.
378.684-022 INFANTRY INDIRECT FIRE CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Positions and fires mortar during combat or training
operations: Selects site and positions mortar utilizing concealment and camouflage procedures to
prevent detection by enemy. Studies maps and aerial photographs to locate friendly and enemy
positions. Confers with friendly unit personnel and furnishes information concerning enemy
location, troop movement and similar tactical information. Drops ammunition into mortar to
discharge and fire ammunition at target. Observes projectile burst and readjusts mortar to obtain
effective hit on target.
378.684-026 INFANTRY WEAPONS CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Deploys, positions, fires, and maintains crew-served
weapons, such as recoilless rifle, tank destroying missile system, or light machine guns, during
training or combat mission: Disassembles, cleans, and loads weapons and equipment for
movement and use in combat. Designates location of gun, sector of fire, and targets. Computes
firing data, aims, and fires weapons at fixed and moving targets, employing direct fire
techniques. Assists superior in leading and directing personnel in combat missions, and during
maneuvers or tactical problems. Fires weapons at enemy forces to support and assist other
infantry units. Assists superior in coordinating fire and movement with that of other friendly
units. Constructs and camouflages weapon positions and ground obstacles. Emplaces and arms,
or disarms and removes mines used for local security. Protects weapons and equipment against
attack from chemical warfare agents. Decontaminates weapons and equipment when exposed to
chemical attack. Performs preventive maintenance, routine tests, and authorized minor repairs to
weapons and equipment.
378.684-030 LIGHT AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Fires variety of light air defense artillery automatic weapons
or machine guns during combat or in training, serving as member of light air defense artillery
unit: Removes ammunition from truck and stacks ammunition in storage pit. Positions light air
defense artillery automatic weapons and machine guns in specified location. Camouflages
ammunition, weapons, and equipment, using nets, paint, and similar items. Installs wire to
specified locations to establish field communications. Loads ammunition in breech of weapon or
machine gun and fires weapon or machine gun on order at aerial and surface targets during
combat or training.
378.687-010 COMBAT SURVEILLANCE AND TARGET ACQUISITION CREWMEMBER (military ser.)
Assists crewmembers of sound, flash, and other target
acquisition units in detecting sound or flash of enemy artillery: Assists crewmembers to emplace
sound, flash, or other target acquisition equipment. Plots sound or flash data on maps. Assists
personnel in operating searchlights. Lays wire to establish field communications. Cleans and
lubricates vehicles and equipment.
379 PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with protective service.
379.132-010 SUPERVISOR, TELECOMMUNICATOR (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
receiving emergency or nonemergency calls, dispatching personnel and equipment, and
providing prearrival instructions to callers: Prepares work schedules to ensure that sufficient shift
personnel are available for work load demands, using knowledge of supervisory techniques,
department regulations, and procedures. Teaches emergency medical dispatch course to new
employees, using dispatch simulator. Reviews dispatch office operations to identify technical and
operational training needs. Teaches courses dealing with hazardous materials, highrise fires, and
medical triage to update training for TELECOMMUNICATOR (government ser.) 379.362-018.
Meets with committees composed of representatives from fire and police departments, public,
and other interested groups to develop, review, and update policies and procedures for dispatch
office. Pushes buttons, flips power switches, and reads gauges to determine serviceability of
backup emergency equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any
industry) Master Title.
379.137-010 SUPERVISOR, ANIMAL CRUELTY INVESTIGATION (nonprofit org.) alternate titles: animal humane agent supervisor; inspector
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
investigating complaints of cruelty to animals, inspecting establishments housing animals and
monitoring public exhibitions featuring animals to enforce humane laws: Assigns ANIMAL
TREATMENT INVESTIGATORS (nonprofit org.) to geographical work areas to investigate
complaints. Inspects workers for proper attire. Telephones or writes to complainants to resolve
complaints or to obtain additional information. Directs worker to investigate emergency
complaints received, using telephone or two-way radio. Advises public and workers of
provisions and applications of humane laws. Interviews and recommends hiring and firing of
employees. Maintains records of workers' daily activities and submits records to superior.
Supervises on-the-job training for new workers.
379.137-014 SUPERVISOR, DOG LICENSE OFFICER (nonprofit org.) alternate titles: chief, dog license inspector
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
enforcing dog license laws and inspecting license books of pet shops: Assigns DOG
LICENSERS (nonprofit org.) to crews to assure adequate staff to cover all geographical canvass
areas. Reviews work of crews and recommends areas requiring coverage. Checks pet shop
license books to assure that license applications and fees have been forwarded. Compares
recorded number of dogs sold for period with number of applications completed to assure that
pet shop is complying with dog license laws. Records results of visit on control cards. Performs
personnel functions, such as interviewing new workers, recommending hiring, and resolving
379.137-018 WILDLIFE AGENT, REGIONAL (government ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of FISH AND GAME
WARDENS (government ser.) engaged in enforcing fish and game laws, reporting crops and
property damage by wildlife, and compiling biological data: Studies and surveys assigned region
to learn topography and available cover and feed for wildlife. Subdivides region into
geographical districts and submits request for FISH AND GAME WARDENS (government ser.)
to patrol districts. Plans location of access roads, trails, sanitary facilities, boat launching sites,
and parking areas, based on number of people using area. Trains and assists subordinates to solve
work problems and to interpret directives and regulations. Observes issuance of citations,
apprehension of game law violators, and seizure of equipment to verify compliance with laws
and regulations. Evaluates and submits efficiency reports on subordinates, and initiates personnel
actions such as reprimand, disciplinary action, transfer, or discharge. Addresses school, civic,
and sports groups on wildlife and recreational activities. Arranges for witnesses and evidence to
be used at court trials of game law violators. Compiles consolidated report of region activities
and approves requests for new equipment.
379.137-022 SUPERVISOR, PROTECTIVE-SIGNAL OPERATIONS (business ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
monitoring protective-signaling system controls and investigating alarm signals transmitted from
subscriber premises: Confers with workers to help resolve difficulties encountered during
monitoring of system controls and investigation of alarms. Monitors system equipment displays,
scans system operations reports, and talks to subscribers to ensure that systems operate according
to company and subscriber specifications. Schedules repair of defective installations and
equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
379.162-010 ALARM OPERATOR (government ser.) alternate titles: fire-alarm dispatcher
Operates municipal fire alarm system, radio transmitter and
receiver, and telephone switchboard: Receives incoming fire calls by telephone or through alarm
system. Questions caller, observes alarm register that codes location of fire, and scans map of
city to determine whether fire is located within area served by city fire department. Determines
type and number of units to respond to emergency. Notifies fire station, using radio, and starts
alarm system that automatically contacts all fire stations and indicates location of fire. Relays
messages from scene of fire, such as requests for additional help and medical assistance. Records
date, time, type of call and destination of messages received or transmitted. Maintains activity,
code, and locator files. Tests various communications systems and reports malfunctions to
maintenance units. May operate telegraph to relay code as back-up if transmitter fails.
379.167-010 FISH AND GAME WARDEN (government ser.) alternate titles: conservation officer; game and fish protector; game warden; guard, range
Patrols assigned area to prevent game law violations,
investigate reports of damage to crops and property by wildlife, and compile biological data:
Travels through area by car, boat, airplane, horse, and on foot to observe persons engaged in
taking fish and game, to ensure method and equipment used are lawful, and to apprehend
violators. Investigates reports of fish and game law violations and issues warnings or citations.
Serves warrants, makes arrests, and prepares and presents evidence in court actions. Seizes
equipment used in fish and game law violations and arranges for disposition of fish and game
illegally taken or possessed. Collects and reports information on condition of fish and wildlife in
their habitat, availability of game food and cover, and suspected pollution of waterways.
Investigates hunting accidents and files reports of findings. Addresses schools and civic groups
to disseminate information and promote public relations. May enlist aid of sporting groups in
such programs as lake and stream rehabilitation, and game habitat improvement. May assist in
promoting hunter safety training by arranging for materials and instructors. May be designated
according to specialty as Fish Protector (government ser.); Game Protector (government ser.); or
according to assigned patrol as Fish-And-Game Warden, Marine Patrol (government ser.).
379.227-010 INSTRUCTOR-TRAINER, CANINE SERVICE (government ser.)
Instructs police officers in handling of dogs for police work in
canine training facility: Instructs police officers in dog training techniques, such as obedience
training, tracking, and crowd control. Demonstrates dog handling techniques with dog on and off
leash, using trained dog. Instructs officers on subjects related to use of dogs in police work, such
as theory of scent and narcotics and bomb detection. Informs officers (handlers) of health care of
dogs and responsibilities of handlers. Observes officer and dog teams during practice sessions,
and offers suggestions to improve handling techniques when necessary. Contacts representatives
of other police departments and law enforcement agencies throughout country to keep training
updated and to schedule training sessions. Conducts tours of facility and explains importance of
dogs in police work. Purchases dog food and supplies and directs maintenance of facility.
379.263-010 ANIMAL TREATMENT INVESTIGATOR (nonprofit org.) alternate titles: animal control officer
Investigates animal cruelty and neglect charges and performs
related duties to promote compliance with laws regulating animal treatment: Observes areas of
alleged violations and interviews available witnesses to determine if laws are being violated.
Informs persons perpetrating inhumane acts of laws and penalties for violations. Reports
violators to police or requests police to arrest violators. Aids animals in distress by feeding
starving animals and freeing trapped animals. Removes animals from inhumane conditions and
drives vehicle to transport animals to shelter for treatment and care. Inspects establishments
housing or exhibiting animals to ascertain compliance with humane laws. Writes reports of
379.263-014 PUBLIC-SAFETY OFFICER (government ser.)
Patrols assigned beat and responds to emergency calls to
protect persons or property from crimes, fires, or other hazards: Patrols assigned area on foot or
horseback or using vehicle to regulate traffic, control crowds, prevent crime, or arrest violators.
Responds to crimes in progress, initiating actions such as aid to victims and interrogation of
suspects. Attends public gatherings to maintain order. Responds to fire alarms or other
emergency calls. Forces openings in buildings for ventilation of fire or for entry, using ax or
crowbar. Controls and extinguishes fires, using water and chemicals. Administers first aid and
artificial respiration to injured persons. Participates in drills and emergency precautionary
demonstrations. May inspect establishments for compliance with local regulations. May drive
and operate firefighting and other emergency equipment.
379.267-010 WILDLIFE CONTROL AGENT (government ser.)
Controls animal population in geographical district and
investigates crop and property damage claims caused by wildlife: Conducts on-site surveys to
estimate number of birds and animals, such as deer, pheasant, and mountain fox, in designated
areas and availability of game food and cover. Recommends changes in hunting and trapping
seasons and relocation of animals in overpopulated areas to obtain balance of wildlife and
habitat. Implements approved control measures, performing duties such as trapping beavers,
dynamiting beaver dams, and tranquilizing and relocating deer, bear, cougar, and other animals.
Resurveys area and totals bag counts of hunters to determine effectiveness of control measures.
Recommends revised hunting and trapping regulations and other control measures and release of
birds for restocking. Searches area of reported property damage for animal tracks, leavings, and
other evidence to identify specie of animal responsible. Photographs extent of damage,
documents other evidence, estimates financial loss, and recommends compensation. Advises
owner of methods to remedy future damages, and implements other measures, such as erecting
fences, tranquilizing and relocating animal herds, and spraying flower beds and bushes with
repellants. Performs duties of wildlife agent during hunting season. Gives talks to civic groups,
school assemblies, and sports organizations to disseminate information about wildlife and
379.362-010 DISPATCHER, RADIO (government ser.) alternate titles: dispatcher; police radio dispatcher; station operator
Receives complaints from public concerning crimes and
police emergencies, broadcasts orders to police radio patrol units in vicinity to investigate
complaint, and relays instructions or questions from remote units. Records calls broadcast and
complaints received. In some municipalities coordinates all police, fire, ambulance, and other
emergency requests, relaying instructions to radio unit concerned. May make operating
adjustments to transmitting equipment where station is not automatic and be required to hold
federal license. May transmit and receive messages between divisions of own agency and other
law enforcement agencies. May monitor silent alarm system to detect illegal entry into business
establishments. May contact POLICE OFFICERS (government ser.) I 375.263-014 and
GUARDS, SCHOOL-CROSSING (government ser.) 371.567-010 to verify assignment
379.362-014 PROTECTIVE-SIGNAL OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: alarm-signal operator; drop-board operator; dx board operator; operator, circuit; operator, direct wire; signal timer
Reads and records coded signals received in central station of
electrical protective signaling system: Interprets coded audible or visible signals received on
alarm signal board by direct wire or register tape from subscribers' premises that indicate opening
and closing of protected premises, progress of security guard, unlawful intrusions, or fire.
Reports irregular signals for corrective action. Reports alarms to police or fire department. Posts
changes of subscriber opening and closing schedules. Prepares daily alarm activity and
subscriber service reports. May adjust central station equipment to ensure uninterrupted service.
May dispatch security personnel to premises after receiving alarm.
379.362-018 TELECOMMUNICATOR (government ser.) alternate titles: dispatcher
Operates communication equipment to receive incoming calls
for assistance and dispatches personnel and equipment to scene of emergency: Operates
telephone console to receive incoming calls for assistance. Questions caller to determine nature
of problem and type and number of personnel and equipment needed, following established
guidelines. Scans status charts and computer screen to determine units available. Monitors alarm
system signals that indicate location of fire or other emergency. Operates two-way radio to
dispatch police, fire, medical, and other personnel and equipment and to relay instructions or
information to remove units. Types commands on computer keyboard to update files and
maintain logs. Tests communications and alarm equipment and backup systems to ensure
serviceability. May provide prearrival instructions to caller, utilizing knowledge of emergency
medical techniques. May activate alarm system to notify fire stations.
379.364-010 AUTOMOBILE TESTER (government ser.) alternate titles: motor-vehicle inspector; vehicle-safety inspector
Inspects automobiles and trucks at state-operated inspection
station to ensure compliance with state safety requirements: Examines or tests specified
components of vehicle, such as brake system, tires, lighting system, directional signals, steering,
horn, and exhaust line for evidence of wear, damage, or improper adjustment. Applies inspection
sticker to vehicles that pass and rejection sticker to those that do not. May prepare records on
condition of each vehicle for follow-up action by owner or police. May perform duties of
STATE-HIGHWAY POLICE OFFICER (government ser.) when not assigned to inspection
detail. May arrest or direct the arrest of vehicle owners having illegal equipment installed on
vehicle. May utilize mechanical, electronic, or electrical devices and instruments to determine
condition of vehicle components.
379.364-014 BEACH LIFEGUARD (amuse. & rec.)
Patrols public beach area to monitor activities of swimmers
and prevent illegal conduct: Observes activities in assigned area on foot, in vehicle, or from
tower or headquarters building with binoculars to detect hazardous conditions, such as swimmers
in distress, disturbances, or safety infractions. Cautions people against use of unsafe beach areas
or illegal conduct, such as drinking or fighting, using megaphone. Rescues distressed persons
from ocean or adjacent cliffs, using rescue techniques and equipment. Examines injured
individuals, administers first aid, and monitors vital signs, utilizing training, antiseptics,
bandages, and instruments, such as stethoscope and sphygmomanometer. Administers artificial
respiration, utilizing cardiopulmonary or mouth-to-mouth methods, or provides oxygen to revive
persons. Compiles emergency and medical treatment report forms and maintains daily
information on weather and beach conditions. Occasionally operates switchboard or two-way
radio system to maintain contact and coordinate activities between emergency rescue units.
379.367-010 SURVEILLANCE-SYSTEM MONITOR (government ser.)
Monitors premises of public transportation terminals to detect
crimes or disturbances, using closed circuit television monitors, and notifies authorities by
telephone of need for corrective action: Observes television screens that transmit in sequence
views of transportation facility sites. Pushes hold button to maintain surveillance of location
where incident is developing, and telephones police or other designated agency to notify
authorities of location of disruptive activity. Adjusts monitor controls when required to improve
reception, and notifies repair service of equipment malfunctions.
379.384-010 SCUBA DIVER (any industry) alternate titles: salvage diver
Performs various underwater jobs, wearing diving gear, such
as self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, mask, flippers, and insulated suit: Swims from
boat, dock, or shore to job site. Dives to locate or recover submerged automobiles, boats, logs,
and articles, such as purses, keys, and other valuables. Swims to bottom and fastens lines or
chains around heavy objects and attaches to lowered hook. Picks up lightweight objects and
carries to surface. May search for bodies. May fish for abalone, crab, or sponge. May use safety
line, and communicate with tender by jerking on line. May repair underwater installations. May
engage in fire fighting activities.
379.664-010 SKI PATROLLER (amuse. & rec.)
Patrols ski trails and slope areas to provide assistance and
protection to skiers and report condition of trails, ski lifts, and snow cover on slopes: Patrols
assigned areas, using skis or snowshoes. Rescues injured skiers and renders first aid or transfers
them to waiting ambulance, using toboggan. Notifies medical personnel in case of serious injury
where moving skier might prove dangerous. Ensures that no skiers remain on slopes or trails at
end of day or during inclement weather. Inspects ski lifts, such as rope tows, T-bar, J-bar, and
chair lifts, to report safety hazards and evidence of damage or wear. May pack snow on slopes.
May give ski instruction. May participate in skiing demonstrations for entertainment of resort
guests. May assist demolition crew to blast for avalanche control.
379.667-010 GOLF-COURSE RANGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: golf-course patroller
Patrols golf course to prevent unauthorized persons from
using facilities, keep play running smoothly, and assist injured or ill players: Inspects player and
CADDIE (amuse. & rec.) registration and green fee tickets for validity. Prevents players from
entering course beyond starting tee. Advises players to speed up or slow down in order to
alleviate bottlenecks. Explains rules of game to players to settle disputes. Locates damaged or
hazardous areas and marks areas for repair, using lime marker or stake. Cautions players against
tearing up turf or otherwise abusing course. Renders first aid to injured or ill players and carries
their equipment to clubhouse. Returns lost equipment to owners or to clubhouse. Keeps log of
daily activities. May deliver urgent messages to players on course.
379.667-014 LIFEGUARD (amuse. & rec.)
Monitors activities in swimming areas to prevent accidents
and provide assistance to swimmers: Cautions swimmers regarding unsafe areas. Rescues
swimmers in danger of drowning and administers first aid. Maintains order in swimming areas.
Inspects facilities for cleanliness. May clean and refill swimming pool. May determine chlorine
content and pH value of water, using water testing kit. May conduct or officiate at swimming
meets. May give swimming instructions.
379.673-010 DOG CATCHER (government ser.) alternate titles: dog warden
Captures and impounds unlicensed, stray, and uncontrolled
animals: Snares animal with net, rope, or device. Cages or secures animal in truck. Drives truck
to shelter. Removes animal from truck to shelter cage or other enclosure. Supplies food, water,
and personal care to detained animals. Investigates complaints of animal bite cases. Destroys
rabid animals as directed. Examines dog licenses for validity and issues warnings or summonses
to delinquent owners. May destroy unclaimed animals, using gun, or by gas or electrocution.
May examine captured animals for injuries and deliver injured animals to VETERINARIAN
(medical ser.) for medical treatment. May maintain file of number of animals impounded and
disposition of each. May enforce regulations concerning treatment of domestic animals and be
designated Humane Officer (government ser.).
379.687-010 FIRE-EXTINGUISHER-SPRINKLER INSPECTOR (any industry) alternate titles: fire-apparatus sprinkler inspector
Inspects and tests sprinkler valves. Inspects pipes, hoses, and
hose houses of fire apparatus in plants, offices, apartment buildings, and similar structures. Fills
out inspection report on condition of valves, pipes, tanks, pumps, and alarms for superiors and
379.687-014 MOSQUITO SPRAYER (government ser.) alternate titles: hand-spray operator; sanitarian; sprayer, insecticide
Sprays marshland, drainage ditches, or catch-basins with
insecticide, using portable compressed-air spray tank, to control breeding of mosquitoes.
Removes blockage from area being sprayed, using pick and shovel, to facilitate drainage. May
drive truck equipped with gasoline-powered fogger to spray insecticide over designated areas.
May place poison bait in storm sewers and ditches to exterminate rodents.
38 BUILDING AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This division includes occupations concerned with the cleaning and upkeep of building interiors and the conveying of passengers and freight by elevator.
381 PORTERS AND CLEANERS
This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning buildings, furniture, and equipment. Includes sweeping, dusting, mopping, polishing floors and walls, and disposing of trash.
381.137-010 SUPERVISOR, JANITORIAL SERVICES (any industry) alternate titles: janitor, head; lead janitor; porter, head; supervisor, building maintenance
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
cleaning and maintaining premises of commercial, industrial, or other establishments, such as
schools, stores, or auditorium: Assigns tasks to workers, and inspects completed work for
conformance to standards. Issues supplies and equipment. Resolves workers' problems or refers
matters to supervisor. Trains new workers, records hours worked, recommends discharge of
incompetent workers, and performs other personnel duties as required. May submit requests for
repair of cleaning equipment to SUPERINTENDENT, BUILDING (any industry) 187.167-190.
May hire new employees. May requisition or purchase cleaning supplies and equipment. May
perform duties of workers supervised. May supervise employees of public school system and be
designated Supervisor, Maintenance And Custodians (education).
381.137-014 SUPERVISOR, CENTRAL SUPPLY (medical ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel in medical
central supply room engaged in furnishing sterile and nonsterile supplies and equipment for use
in care and treatment of patients: Directs activities of workers engaged in cleaning, assembling,
and packing of linens, gowns, dressings, gloves, treatment trays, instruments, and related items;
preparation of solutions; arrangement of stock; and requisitioning, issuing, controlling, and
charging of supplies and equipment. Instructs personnel in use of sterilizing equipment and water
distillation apparatus, setting up standardized treatment trays, and maintaining equipment of
central supply room. Establishes standards of work performance and methods of operation for
department. Inspects work activities to ensure workers are following prescribed procedures to
meet hospital standards. Ensures that aseptic techniques are employed by personnel in preparing
and handling sterile items. Inspects daily inventory, maintains records of supply usage, and
compiles periodic reports.
381.687-010 CENTRAL-SUPPLY WORKER (medical ser.) alternate titles: central-service technician
Performs any combination of following duties: Scrubs and
washes surgical instruments, containers, and equipment, such as aspirators and suction units.
Sterilizes instruments, equipment, surgical linens, and supplies, such as surgical packs and
treatment trays, using autoclave, sterilizer, or antiseptic solutions. Prepares packs of supplies,
instruments, and dressing and treatment trays, according to designated lists or codes, and wraps,
labels, and seals packs. Stores prepared articles and supplies in designated areas. Fills
requisitions, writes charges, and inventories supplies. May be assigned to hospital areas, such as
surgery and delivery rooms.
381.687-014 CLEANER, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL (any industry) alternate titles: clean-up worker; housekeeper; janitor; laborer, building maintenance; mopper; porter; scrubber; sweeper
Keeps premises of office building, apartment house, or other
commercial or institutional building in clean and orderly condition: Cleans and polishes lighting
fixtures, marble surfaces, and trim, and performs duties described in CLEANER (any industry) I
Master Title. May cut and trim grass, and shovel snow, using power equipment or handtools.
May deliver messages. May transport small equipment or tools between departments. May setup
tables and chairs in auditorium or hall. May be designated according to duties performed as Hall
Cleaner (hotel & rest.); Light-Fixture Cleaner (any industry); Marble Cleaner (any industry);
Metal Polisher (any industry); Paint Cleaner (any industry); or according to equipment used as
Scrubbing-Machine Operator (any industry).
381.687-018 CLEANER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry) alternate titles: clean-up worker; janitor; sanitor; scrubber; sweeper; trash collector; vacuum cleaner; waste collector
Keeps working areas in production departments of industrial
establishment in clean and orderly condition, performing any combination of following duties:
Transports raw materials and semifinished products or supplies between departments or
buildings to supply machine tenders or operators with materials for processing, using handtruck.
Arranges boxes, material, and handtrucks or other industrial equipment in neat and orderly
manner. Cleans lint, dust, oil, and grease from machines, overhead pipes, and conveyors, using
brushes, airhoses, or steam cleaner. Cleans screens and filters. Scrubs processing tanks and vats.
Cleans floors, using water hose, and applies floor drier. Picks up reusable scrap for salvage and
stores in containers. Performs other duties as described under CLEANER (any industry) I Master
Title. May burn waste and clean incinerator. May pick up refuse from plant grounds and
maintain area by cutting grass or shoveling snow. May operate industrial truck to transport
materials within plant. May start pumps to force cleaning solution through production
machinery, piping, or vats. May start pumps to lubricate machines. May be designated according
to area cleaned as Alley Cleaner (textile); Can-Filling-Room Sweeper (beverage);
Casting-And-Locker-Room Servicer (plastic-synth.); Ceiling Cleaner (any industry);
Engine-Room Cleaner (any industry); Floor Cleaner (any industry); Overhead Cleaner (any
381.687-022 CLEANER, LABORATORY EQUIPMENT (any industry) alternate titles: equipment washer; laboratory aide; laboratory assistant; laboratory helper; laborer, laboratory; tester helper
Cleans laboratory equipment, such as glassware, metal
instruments, sinks, tables, and test panels, using solvents, brushes, and rags: Mixes water and
detergents or acids in container to prepare cleaning solution according to specifications. Washes,
rinses, and dries glassware and instruments, using water, acetone bath, and cloth or hot-air drier.
Scrubs walls, floors, shelves, tables, and sinks, using cleaning solution and brush. May sterilize
glassware and instruments, using autoclave. May fill tubes and bottles with specified solutions
and apply identification labels. May label and file microscope slides. May arrange specimens and
samples on trays to be placed in incubators and refrigerators. May deliver supplies and laboratory
specimens to designated work areas, using handtruck. May tend still that supplies laboratory with
distilled water. May be designated Glass Washer, Laboratory (any industry) when cleaning
glassware. May maintain inventory reports and logs.
381.687-026 CLEANER, WALL (any industry) alternate titles: wallpaper cleaner; wall washer
Cleans interior walls and ceilings of offices, apartments, and
other buildings, by hand or by use of wall-washing machine: Cleans walls and ceilings by hand,
using sponge and soapy water or chemical solution, or presses lever in nozzle of machine to
control flow of solution and moves nozzle fitted with porous pad over surfaces, exerting
sufficient pressure to remove dirt and grease. May estimate cost of cleaning walls and submit
381.687-030 PATCH WORKER (agriculture)
Sweeps floors of cotton-bale compressing plant. Gathers
loose cotton from floor. Carries or transfers light equipment to various workers, using handtruck.
381.687-034 WAXER, FLOOR (any industry)
Cleans, waxes, and polishes floors by hand or machine:
Removes dirt and blemishes from floor, using various cleaning solvents and compounds,
according to composition of floor. Applies paste or liquid wax to floor with rags or machine.
Polishes floor with electric polishing machine or weighted brush.
This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning buildings and keeping them in good repair; performing minor painting, plumbing, and carpentry tasks; and firing and tending furnaces and boilers.
382.137-010 SUPERVISOR, MAINTENANCE (chemical) alternate titles: labor supervisor
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
maintenance of chemical plant. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry)
382.664-010 JANITOR (any industry) alternate titles: maintenance engineer; superintendent, building
Keeps hotel, office building, apartment house, or similar
building in clean and orderly condition and tends furnace, air-conditioner, and boiler to provide
heat, cool air, and hot water for tenants, performing any combination of following duties:
Sweeps, mops, scrubs, and vacuums hallways, stairs and office space. Regulates flow of fuel into
automatic furnace or shovels coal into hand-fired furnace. Empties tenants' trash and garbage
containers. Maintains building, performing minor and routine painting, plumbing, electrical
wiring, and other related maintenance activities, using handtools. Replaces air-conditioner filters.
Cautions tenants regarding complaints about excessive noise, disorderly conduct, or misuse of
property. Notifies management concerning need for major repairs or additions to lighting,
heating, and ventilating equipment. Cleans snow and debris from sidewalk. Mows lawn, trims
shrubbery, and cultivates flowers, using handtools and power tools. Posts signs to advertise
vacancies and shows empty apartments to prospective tenants. May reside on property and be
designated Manager, Resident (any industry).
383 BUILDING PEST CONTROL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
This group includes occupations concerned with pest control in buildings and surrounding areas.
383.361-010 FUMIGATOR (business ser.)
Releases poisonous gas and sets traps in buildings to kill
dry-wood termites, beetles, vermin, and other pests, using cylinders of compressed gas and
mechanical traps: Inspects infested building to identify pests causing damage and to determine
treatment necessary. Examines porosity of walls and roof, based on knowledge of construction
techniques, to determine method of sealing house. Measures inside dimensions of rooms with
rule, and calculates volume of fumigant required and cost to owner. Tapes vents. Climbs ladder,
pulls tarpaulins over building, and fastens edges of tarpaulins with clamps to make building
airtight. Posts warning signs and padlocks doors. Turns valve on cylinder to discharge gas into
building through hose. Holds halide lamp near seams of tarpaulins and building vents to detect
leaking fumigant. Sprays or dusts chemicals in rooms or work areas and sets mechanical traps to
destroy pests. May fumigate clothing and house furnishing in vaults at business establishment.
383.364-010 EXTERMINATOR, TERMITE (business ser.) alternate titles: termite treater
Treats termite-infested and fungus-damaged wood in
buildings: Studies report and diagram of infested area prepared by SALES AGENT, PEST
CONTROL SERVICE (business ser.) to determine sequence of operations. Examines building to
determine means of reaching infested areas. Cuts openings in building to gain access to infested
areas, using handtools and power tools, such as electric drills, pneumatic hammers, saws, and
chisels. Inserts nozzle into holes and opens compressed air valve of treating unit to force
termicide into holes. Sprays pesticide under and around building, using pressure spray gun.
Bores holes in concrete around buildings and injects termicide to impregnate ground. Keeps
record of work performed. May direct EXTERMINATOR HELPER, TERMITE (business ser.).
May replace damaged wood in sills, flooring, or walls, using carpenter's tools. May pour concrete
or lay concrete blocks to raise height of foundation or isolate wood from contact with earth to
383.684-010 EXTERMINATOR HELPER (any industry) alternate titles: pest control worker helper
Assists EXTERMINATOR (any industry) 389.684-010 in
destroying and controlling field rodents, noxious weeds, or other pests in or around buildings,
performing any combination of following tasks: Sets traps and places poisonous bait in rodent
infested areas. Fumigates burrows, using toxic gas, or kills rodents, using firearms. Secures
tarpaulins over building to be fumigated, using ladder. Applies insecticides to buildings and
grounds, using spray pumps and other equipment. Digs up, sprays with herbicides, or burns
noxious weeds. Identifies and reports evidence of pest infestation. May drive service vehicles or
equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
383.687-010 EXTERMINATOR HELPER, TERMITE (business ser.) alternate titles: termite-treater helper
Assists EXTERMINATOR, TERMITE (business ser.) in
treating termite-infested buildings: Digs around foundations to be chemically treated and digs
ditches for forms, using pick and shovel. Carries lumber, building materials, and tools to work
site. Crawls underneath buildings to remove debris prior to spraying. Cleans work site after
completion of job. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master
388 ELEVATOR OPERATORS
This group includes occupations concerned with conveying persons and freight between floors; giving information and directions to passengers; and frequently assisting passengers on and off cars.
388.367-010 ELEVATOR STARTER (any industry) alternate titles: elevator dispatcher; elevator supervisor; starter
Schedules, supervises, and coordinates activities of
ELEVATOR OPERATORS (any industry) to provide efficient service to building patrons and
employees: Provides elevator service according to demand by signaling operators or by
establishing time schedules for each car. Enforces crowding and weight restrictions in cars.
Answers questions regarding location of offices, individuals, or merchandise, and ushers
passengers into waiting elevators. Gives instructions to new employees in elevator operation.
Ensures that sufficient personnel are available to meet service demands, regulating shift
assignments accordingly. Inspects equipment for safety and efficient operation. Reports need for
maintenance to supervisor or elevator service company. May record employees' time on cards.
388.663-010 ELEVATOR OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: service-car operator
Operates elevator to transport passengers between floors of
office building, apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment: Pushes
buttons or moves lever to control movement of elevator on signal or instructions from passengers
or others. Opens and closes safety gate and door of elevator at each floor where stop is made.
Supplies information to passengers, such as location of offices, merchandise, and individuals.
May perform other duties, such as distributing mail to various floors, answering telephone,
preventing unauthorized persons from entering building, and assisting other employees to load
and unload freight. May sweep or vacuum elevator. May be designated according to location of
elevator operated as Front-Elevator Operator (hotel & rest.).
389 BUILDING AND RELATED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.
This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with building and related service occupations.
389.134-010 SUPERVISOR, EXTERMINATION (business ser.)
Supervises and coordinates activities of EXTERMINATORS
(any industry) engaged in destroying vermin with insecticides, rodenticides or fumigants:
Inspects infested structure and recommends treatment, basing diagnosis on knowledge of pests'
habits, fumigants, rodenticides and insecticides, and structural conditions. Directs
EXTERMINATORS (any industry) in type of chemicals to use and locations to be treated.
Advises building owners on preventive measures against reinfestation. May spray or apply
insecticides, rodenticides or fumigants and perform duties as described under EXTERMINATOR
389.137-010 SUPERVISOR, HOME RESTORATION SERVICE (any industry)
Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in
cleaning and restoring interiors of homes damaged by fire, smoke, or water: Schedules work
crews according to type and extent of interior damage to home. Inventories, requisitions, and
issues supplies and equipment. Trains and supervises workers in methods of cleaning and
restoring interiors of homes, including floors, walls, ceilings, carpet, upholstery, and draperies.
Inspects completed work and work in progress for conformance to standards. Resolves workers'
problems or refers matters to management. Explains methods of restoration and attempts to
persuade prospective customers to contract for services.
389.664-010 CLEANER, HOME RESTORATION SERVICE (any industry) alternate titles: cleaner, carpet and upholstery
Cleans and restores interiors of homes damaged by fire,
smoke, or water, using commercial cleaning equipment: Receives work orders and schedules
from supervisor. Drives van equipped with floor-mounted or portable commercial carpet,
upholstery, and interior cleaning machines, tools, and supplies to work site. Cleans carpet,
upholstery, floors, walls, ceilings, draperies, windows, and room accessories to remove effects of
smoke and water damage such as dirt, soot, stains, mildew, and excess water and moisture, using
commercial cleaning machines mounted in van with extension hoses or portable cleaning
machines and variety of work aids, such as vacuum cleaners, chemical cleaning solutions,
ladders, drop cloths, sponges, buckets, mops, and brushes. Places fans and dehumidifiers in
strategic room locations to remove moisture from carpet, upholstery, and air. Verifies moisture
presence and removal with moisture sensor. Sprays or fogs carpet, upholstery, and accessories
with fabric conditioners and protectors, deodorizers, and disinfectants, using hand and power
sprayers and electric foggers, applying knowledge of types of fabrics, dyes, and chemical sprays.
Inspects completed restoration to ensure conformance to standards. Collects payments and
discusses results of work with customers.
389.667-010 SEXTON (nonprofit org.) alternate titles: janitor, church; verger
Takes care of church buildings and furnishings: Performs
cleaning and routine maintenance duties in church and auxiliary buildings and in churchyard, or
gives directions to other workers so engaged. Takes care of vestments and sacred vessels and
prepares altar for religious services according to prescribed rite. Opens and locks church before
and after services. Rings bells to announce services and other church events. Tends furnace and
boiler to provide heat. May order cleaning supplies. May act as usher during services, maintain
attendance count, and conduct visitors between services. May take part in conduct of services
performing activities, such as lighting candles. May maintain church cemetery. May patrol
church premises to provide security against vandalism and theft.
389.683-010 SWEEPER-CLEANER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry) alternate titles: cleaner operator; power-cleaner operator; vacuum-cleaner operator
Drives industrial vacuum cleaner through designated areas,
such as factory aisles and warehouses, to collect scrap, dirt, and other refuse. Empties trash
collecting box or bag at end of each shift. May sift refuse to recover usable materials, such as
screws, metal scrap, or machine parts. May clean machine, using rags and vacuum cleaner. May
refuel machine and lubricate parts. May hand sweep areas inaccessible to machine and pick up
389.684-010 EXTERMINATOR (business ser.) alternate titles: pest control worker; vermin exterminator
Sprays chemical solutions or toxic gases and sets mechanical
traps to kill pests that infest buildings and surrounding areas: Fumigates rooms and buildings,
using toxic gases. Sprays chemical solutions or dusts powders in rooms and work areas. Places
poisonous paste or bait and mechanical traps where pests are present. May clean areas that harbor
pests, using rakes, brooms, shovels, and mops, preparatory to fumigating. May be required to
hold state license. May be designated according to type of pest eliminated as Rodent
Exterminator (business ser.).
389.687-010 AIR PURIFIER SERVICER (business ser.) alternate titles: air deodorizer servicer
Delivers, installs, and services air deodorizing and sanitizing
devices in commercial, institutional, and public establishments: Drives delivery truck to convey
deodorizing devices and chemical refills to building of customers. Attaches deodorizing devices
(dispensers) to walls, using handtools, or places device unattached at various locations of
customer's building. Places nontoxic chemical into deodorizing containers. May clean
deodorizing device, using wire brush, or remove unit, if defective. May clean and disinfect
equipment, such as urinals, toilet bowls, and washbasins, using brushes, sponges, and cleaning
389.687-014 CLEANER, WINDOW (any industry) alternate titles: window washer
Cleans windows, glass partitions, mirrors, and other glass
surfaces of building interior or exterior, using pail of soapy water or other cleaner, sponge, and
squeegee. Crawls through window from inside and hooks safety belt to brackets for support, sets
and climbs ladder to reach second or third story, or uses bosun's chair, swing stage, or other
scaffolding lowered from roof to reach outside windows, or stands to reach first floor or inside
389.687-018 LIGHT-FIXTURE SERVICER (any industry) alternate titles: fixture relamper; fluorescent lamp replacer; light-bulb replacer; light cleaner
Replaces electric light fixture parts, such as bulbs, fluorescent
tubes, and starters. Repairs fixture parts, such as switches and sockets, using handtools. Cleans
fixtures and lamps, using soap, water and rags. Requisitions and keeps supply of bulbs, tubes,
and replacement parts.