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DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES (4th Ed., Rev. 1991)

5 PROCESSING OCCUPATIONS
500.131-010 to 519.585-014

    This category includes occupations concerned with refining, mixing, compounding, chemically treating, heat treating, or similarly working materials and products. Knowledge of a process and adherence to formulas or other specifications are required in some degree. Vats, stills, ovens, furnaces, mixing machines, crushers, grinders, and related equipment or machines are usually involved.


50 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF METAL

This division includes occupations concerned with molding, casting, coating, conditioning, or otherwise processing metal. Foundry occupations are included in Division 51.

500 ELECTROPLATING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with covering the surfaces of objects by electro-deposition or electrolysis.

500.131-010 SUPERVISOR (electroplating) alternate titles: plater supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning, racking, plating, and polishing of metal or plastic objects: Selects equipment, such as hooks, plating barrels or tanks, and racks, according to quantity, size, and type of objects to be plated. Verifies types of plating metals and solutions, length of immersion period, and amount of electric current flowing through solutions, following plating specifications. Assigns tasks to workers and processes paperwork, such as timecards and supply, production and personnel reports. Resolves personnel problems and expedites production bottlenecks to meet deadlines and production schedules. Inspects plated surfaces of objects to detect defects, such as rough spots, thin plating, and unpolished areas. Collects and labels samples of plating solutions for laboratory analysis. Examines equipment, such as plating tanks, polishers, and racks, and notifies maintenance department of needed repairs. May analyze plating solutions to verify conformance to specifications, performing variety of tests, such as specific gravity and titration tests. May measure thickness of plating on metal objects, using micrometer, to verify conformance to specifications. May be designated according to specific process supervised as Supervisor, Anodizing (electroplating); Supervisor, Electrolytic Tinning (nonfer. metal). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

500.132-010 SUPERVISOR, SHEET MANUFACTURING (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in making copper starting sheets by electrolysis. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

500.134-010 SUPERVISOR, MATRIX (recording)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in electroplating, stripping, finishing, and inspecting metal phonograph record matrices. Requisitions processing materials, such as chemicals, wiping cloths, and polishing compounds. Confers with workers' representatives to resolve grievances. Trains workers in processing functions. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

500.287-010 INSPECTOR, PLATING (electroplating) alternate titles: sample tester

Inspects plated surfaces of metal or plastic objects visually or using chemical or electrical tests: Examines part for defects, such as uneven coating or scratches. Applies chemicals to or immerses object in test solution and observes reaction or measures dissolving time. Turns on electrical current and reads gauge to measure plating thickness. Attaches magnet to metal part and reads gauge to measure magnet pull to determine plating thickness. Compares readings with specifications and returns defective objects for rework. May test samples of electrolytic solutions.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

500.362-010 ELECTROGALVANIZING-MACHINE OPERATOR (electroplating)

Sets up and operates continuous multistrand electrogalvanizing and heat-treating machine to coat steel strip or wire with zinc, according to written specifications: Mixes chemical solutions, using formulas. Fills cleaning, pickling, galvanizing, and waxing tanks. Charges furnace with gas or coal to prepare for galvanizing process. Inserts wire reels and feeds wire into machine. Moves controls on rheostats and generators to regulate movement of wire strand between reels, plating tanks, and coils, to obtain specified thickness of coating. Adjusts controls to regulate temperature of leadpot, cleaners, picklers, and plating tanks. Performs chemical solution tests, such as titration tests, wire hardness tests, dip coating tests, and welding tests, to determine conformance to specifications. Readjusts controls based on findings. Records test results. Examines coating, washing, and alignment of wire strands visually and using micrometers to compare finished strands with specifications. Resets and changes combs when changing width and number of strands. Replaces anodes and recharges leadpot at specified intervals.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

500.362-014 PLATER, BARREL (electroplating) alternate titles: barrel-line operator; drum plater; plater, machine; tumbler plater

Operates barrel plating equipment to coat metal objects electrolytically with metal to build up, protect, or decorate surfaces: Places metal objects in mesh container and immerses objects in cleaning solutions. Places objects in perforated or mesh barrel of plating equipment and clamps door in barrel opening. Turns handle to lower barrel into plating solution and to close electrical contacts. Starts rotation of barrel. Starts flow of electric current through plating solution that decomposes plating metal at anode and deposits metal coating on objects in barrel. Stops flow of current after specified time and removes objects. Places objects in mesh container and immerses objects in rinsing solutions. Dries plated objects, using centrifugal drier or tumbler filled with sawdust. Tests solutions, using hydrometer, and adds chemicals to maintain specified concentrations.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

500.380-010 PLATER (electroplating) alternate titles: electroplater; plating-tank operator

Sets up and controls plating equipment to coat metal objects electrolytically with chromium, copper, cadmium, or other metal to provide protective or decorative surfaces or to build up worn surfaces according to specifications: Reads work order to determine size and composition of object to be plated; type concentration and temperature of plating solution; type and thickness and location of specified plating metal; and amount of electrical current and time required to complete plating process. Immerses object in cleaning and rinsing baths [METAL-CLEANER, IMMERSION (any industry)]. Suspends object, such as part or mold, from cathode rod (negative terminal) and immerses object in plating solution. Suspends stick or piece of plating metal from anode (positive terminal) and immerses metal in plating solution. Moves controls on rectifier to adjust flow of current through plating solution from anode to cathode and to permit electrodeposition of metal on object. Removes plated object from solution at periodic intervals and observes object to ensure conformance to specifications. Adjusts voltage and amperage based on observation. Examines object visually at end of process to determine thickness of metal deposit or measures thickness, using instruments, such micrometers or calipers. Grinds, polishes or rinses object in water and dries object to maintain clean even surface. May mix, and test strength of plating solution, using instruments and chemical tests. May measure, mark, and mask areas excluded from plating. May plate small objects, such as nuts or bolts, using motor-driven barrel. May direct other workers performing variety of duties, such as racking, cleaning, or plating objects. May operate electroplating equipment with reverse polarity and be known as Plating Stripper (electroplating). May be designated according to plating materials used as Brass Plater (electroplating); Bronze Plater (electroplating); Cadmium Plater (electroplating); Chromium Plater (electroplating); Copper Plater (electroplating); Gold Plater (electroplating). May be designated: Nickel Plater (electroplating); Plastics Plater (plastic prod.); Silver Plater (electroplating); Tin Plater (electroplating).
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

500.380-014 PLATER APPRENTICE (electroplating) alternate titles: electroplater apprentice; plating-tank-operator apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

500.381-010 CYLINDER GRINDER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: grinder and plater

Electroplates rotogravure printing cylinders with coating of copper and grinds plates to specifications, using grinding machines: Immerses cylinder in cleaning bath, using chain hoist. Removes cylinder and places cylinder in copper sulfate plating solution for prescribed period of time to cover cylinder with copper [PLATER (electroplating)]. Removes cylinder from plating vat, rinses in water, and fastens cylinder between centers of grinding machine, using handtools. Selects and fastens abrasive wheel onto spindle of machine. Starts machine and turns handwheels to bring abrasive wheel into contact with surface of cylinder, and to engage automatic feed. Measures dimension of cylinder surfaces during grinding and polishing operation, using micrometers to obtain required precision. Removes finished cylinder from machine and places cylinder in rack.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

500.384-010 MATRIX PLATER (recording)

Electroplates phonograph record matrices to form metal replicas of positive and negative recorded surfaces, and to form stamper used in pressing phonograph records: Inserts silver-coated lacquer disk (original recording) in rubber masking ring to prevent plating of specified surfaces, such as edges of disk. Hangs disk in tanks containing plating solutions, such as nickel and copper or inserts disk over centering pin of automatic plating tanks to form negative metal master matrix of disk. Observes dials and gauges to ensure solutions and electric current flowing through solutions conform to specifications, and adjusts controls as required. Removes plated disk from tanks after specified time, removes masking ring, washes and dries disk, and routes disk to finishing department for stripping and finishing process by MATRIX WORKER (recording). Washes master matrix after finishing process to prevent adhesion during subsequent plating processes. Plates master matrix to form $T3mother$T1 matrix and plates mother to form stamper used on record presses, following prescribed plating procedures. May prepare and test plating solutions.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.384-014 MATRIX-BATH ATTENDANT (recording)

Maintains electrolytic baths in operating condition for plating phonograph record matrices: Draws sample of solution from tanks, using pipette. Tests strength of solution, using hydrometer, and adds specified amounts of metallic salts, acid, or water to solution as needed. Examines anodes for specified size and for position in baths. Activates controls and reads meters to test electrical connections for open or short condition.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

500.485-010 ZINC-PLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (electroplating)

Tends machine that coats wire electrolytically with zinc to protect wire surface from corrosion: Mixes zinc solution according to specified formula and turns valves to fill tank with solution. Threads wire through machine and sets rheostat to regulate flow of current through solution. Starts machine to pull wire through solution. Examines surface of wire for defects, such as bubbles or bare spots, and measures thickness of coating, using micrometer. Adjusts controls to regulate speed of reel and flow of current to coat wire to specified thickness.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.682-010 ANODIZER (any industry) alternate titles: white-metal corrosion proofer

Controls anodizing equipment to provide corrosion resistant surface to aluminum objects: Selects holding rack according to size, shape, and number of objects to be anodized. Wires or clips objects to anodizing rack and immerses rack in series of cleaning, etching, and rinsing baths. Positions objects in anodizing tank by suspending them from anode. Estimates amount of electric current and time required to anodize material. Turns rheostat to regulate flow of current. Removes objects from tank after specified time, rinses objects, and immerses them in bath of hot water or dichromate solution to seal oxide coating. Hangs objects on racks to air-dry. May immerse objects in dye bath to color them for decorative or identification purposes. May anodize workpiece with corrosion resistant material, using automated equipment that automatically cleans, rinses, and coats.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.684-010 ELECTROFORMER (electroplating)

Sprays or smears electrically conductive solution onto nonconductive objects, such as baby shoes or plastic molds, or dips objects in solution to prepare objects for electroplating. May electroplate objects [PLATER (electroplating)].
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.684-014 MATRIX WORKER (recording) alternate titles: finisher

Performs any combination of following tasks involved in finishing and inspecting metal phonograph matrices after electroplating processes: Strips (separates) master, $T3mother,$T1 and stamper matrices, using handtools, files, and knife. Holds matrices against sanding belt or grinding wheel of bench grinder to remove burrs. Punches center hole in stamper and mother matrices, using punch press. Fills offcenter holes with solder, using soldering iron or acetylene torch. Steam cleans and polishes matrices, using brushes, cloths, and polishing compounds. Examines stamper matrices for defects, and weighs matrices to ensure conformance to standards, using scale. Cuts and flares edges of stamper matrices, using press. Marks identifying information on master matrices, using scribe.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

500.684-018 PLATE FORMER (elec. equip.)

Forms (treats) storage battery plates for dry charge or wet charge batteries: Positions plates on conductor base of forming tank and burns lead strips to lugs of plates [LEAD BURNER (elec. equip.)]. Inserts separators between positive and negative plates to form element. Places elements in containers and attaches push-on or clamp-type jumpers to connect elements in series. Mixes forming acid solution of prescribed specific gravity. Drains solution from mixing tank into forming tanks or element containers, using hose. Connects posts of units to electrical circuit. Adjusts rheostat to regulate current, using ammeter. Removes formed plates from acid and places plates in water bath to remove electrolyte. Separates positive and negative plates, places plates [in racks, and places racks in driers. Dumps forming acid from element containers and refills containers with finishing acid. Conveys or trucks elements to final charging line.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.684-022 SILVER SPRAY WORKER (recording)

Sprays surfaces of prerecorded lacquer disks with silver solution to make disks conductive, using spray gun: Positions disk on spindle of turntable in spraying booth. Sprays revolving disk with cleaning solvents to prepare disk for silver coating. Sprays silver solution on revolving surface of disk. May place disk in spray machine that automatically cleans and sprays surface with silver solution.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

500.684-026 PLATER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PANELS (electron. comp.)

Electroplates printed circuit board (PCB) panels with metals, such as copper, tin, gold, nickel, or solder, to resist corrosion, improve electrical conductivity, and facilitate solder connections: Dips panels in cleaning solutions or wipes panels with cloth to clean panels. Clamps panels or rack of panels to overhead bar above tanks to complete electrolytic current. Immerses panels in plating solution. Sets timer for specified plating time and turns on electrical current. Observes meter and turns dial to maintain specified current in plating solution. Removes plated panels and immerses panels in rinsing tank. Examines plated panels for defects. May test thickness of plating, using gauge or test equipment. May tape areas to be excluded from plating, using tape machine. May trim excess material from PCB panels, using shearing machine. May calculate amperage setting, following specified formula. May be designated according to plating material used as Gold Plater (electron. comp.); Nickel Plater (electron. comp.).
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

500.684-030 PLATER, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS AND COMPONENTS (electron. comp.)

Electroplates semiconductor wafers and electronic components, such as copper leads and rectifiers, with metals, such as gold, silver, and lead: Reads processing sheet to determine plating time and specifications. Places components or wafers in basket or fixture, using tweezers, and immerses components or wafers in chemical solution baths for specified time to clean and plate components or wafers. May measure thickness of photoresist and metal on wafer surface, using micrometer, and test electrical circuitry of individual $T3die$T1 on wafer, using test probe equipment. May measure anode width on wafer surface, using microscope measuring equipment.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

500.684-034 PLATER (inst. & app.) alternate titles: electroformer

Plates component parts, such as micromesh screen patterns and electronic tubes, used in medical and laboratory measuring and controlling instruments, using electrolytic plating tank: Positions screen pattern or component part in frame or on rack, and hangs frame or rack in plating tank. Sets switch for specified plating time, and activates electric current to deposit ionized metal on nonprinted area of screen pattern or component part. Immerses electroformed part in water to rinse off electrolyte, and immerses rinsed part in solvent to dissolve pattern. May measure thickness of electroplating on component part to verify conformance to specifications, using micrometer.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

500.685-010 ETCHER, ELECTROLYTIC (cutlery-hrdwr.) alternate titles: etcher

Tends equipment that electrolytically etches markings, such as insignias, trademarks, and part numbers on metal articles: Turns switches on power control unit to allow flow of electric current through electrolytic solution in tank. Positions workpiece on stencil and against contact strip to complete electric circuit. Places workpiece in electrolytic solution that etches stencil markings on metal. Removes workpiece from solution, after specified time, and sprays workpiece with water to remove acid. Immerses workpiece in rust preventive solution.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

500.685-014 PLATING EQUIPMENT TENDER (electroplating) alternate titles: electroplater, automatic; plater production

Tends automatic equipment that conveys objects through series of cleaning, rinsing, and electrolytic plating solutions to plate objects with metallic coating: Starts equipment and regulates flow of electricity through plating solution and immersion time of objects in solutions, according to specifications. Monitors automatic plating process to ensure conformance to standards. Adds water or other materials to maintain specified mixture and level of cleaning, rinsing, and plating solutions. Observes temperature gauges and adjusts controls to maintain specified temperatures of cleaning and rinsing solutions. Lubricates moving parts of plating conveyor. Cleans plating and cleaning tanks. May test plating solution, using hydrometer and litmus paper, or obtain random sample of plating solutions for laboratory analysis. May replace anodes and cathodes in plating equipment. May fasten objects onto hooks or racks, or place objects into containers or onto conveyor attached to plating equipment. May start and monitor computerized plating process. May manually immerse objects into plating or rinsing solutions.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 88

500.686-010 LABORER, ELECTROPLATING (electroplating) alternate titles: electroplater helper; plater helper; plating-department helper

Performs any combination of following tasks to load and unload electroplating equipment or to assist PLATER (electroplating) 500.380-010: Fastens metal workpieces to devices, such as hooks, racks, and cathode bars, or loads workpieces in baskets or barrels. Immerses workpieces in series of cleaning, plating, pickling, and rinsing tanks, following timed cycle, manually or using hoist. Carries workpieces between conveyors that move workpieces through electroplating processes. Sets temperature dials of tanks to prescribed level. Flips switch to activate electroplating process in tanks. Removes workpieces from hooks, racks, bars, baskets, or barrels, and examines workpieces for plating defects, such as rough spots and thin plating. Dries plated workpieces, using oven, centrifugal drier, or sawdust-filled container. Packs workpieces in boxes or cartons for shipment [PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018]. Drains solutions from and cleans and refills tanks. Removes buildup of plating metal from racks, using hammer or compressed-air vibrator, and coats racks with shellac. Replaces damaged or worn equipment parts. May be designated according to task performed as Cleaner (electroplating); Rack Cleaner (electroplating); Racker (electroplating); Sawdust Drier (electroplating).
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 88

500.687-010 PLATE-TAKE-OUT WORKER (elec. equip.)

Removes storage-battery plates from forming tanks preparatory to further processing. Submerges negative plates in water-filled tank truck to prevent excessive oxidation. Stacks positive plates in dry tank. May push loaded tank trucks to washing and drying room.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

501 DIP PLATING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with covering, without electrolysis, the surfaces of objects with metal coatings by immersing them in molten, liquid, or solute form of the coating metal, or in materials which react with the object surface to form the metal coating.

501.130-010 SUPERVISOR, HOT-DIP-TINNING (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating hot-dip-tinning machines to tinplate black-pickled steel sheets, and in classifying and assorting tinplate. Trains workers in set up of machines. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

501.137-010 SUPERVISOR, HOT-DIP PLATING (galvanizing)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in applying corrosion-resistant coatings of zinc, tin, or other metal to variety of metal objects. Monitors gauges to verify operational specifications, such as solution temperature and immersion time. Examines products for even and complete coating. Trains new workers in job duties. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

501.362-010 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (galvanizing)

Sets up and controls automatic hot-dip lines to plate steel sheets with protective coating of metal, such as tin or terne: Reads production schedule to determine setup of lines. Turns screwdown mechanism to set distance between coating brushes and rolls, using handtools. Measures and sets stops and guides on automatic feeder and conveying equipment according to dimensions of product to be coated, using rule and wrenches. Turns controls to set temperatures of coating metal and palm-oil pots. Starts conveyor line and moves controls to synchronize speed of line with speed of coating machine that conveys sheets into molten tin covered with palm oil to cause even distribution of tin. Inspects coated product for defects and changes setup to coat sheets to specifications. May be designated according to type of coating as Tinner, Automatic (galvanizing).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

501.485-010 WIRE-COATING OPERATOR, METAL (galvanizing) alternate titles: strand galvanizer; wire galvanizer

Tends one or more machines, equipped with series of tanks, that coat wire with corrosion-resistant material, such as tin, zinc, or lead: Lifts and mounts coils of wire on feed reels. Threads end of wire through series of guides, rollers, wipers, and tanks and secures it to rewind reel. Moves levers to heat coating material to molten consistency and set specified temperature of fluxing, cooling, and cleaning baths. Moves controls to start machine, set tension on wire, and adjust speed that wire feeds through tanks. Observes levels of materials in tanks and replenishes material when levels drop below specified point. Measures finished wire to ensure uniformity of coverage, using micrometer. Adjusts machine settings to regulate thickness of coating, according to specifications. Welds coils of wire together, using butt-welder, to maintain continuous wire coating operation. May be designated according to type of coating material applied as Lead Coater (galvanizing); Wire Tinner (galvanizing).
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

501.685-010 PLATER, HOT DIP (galvanizing) alternate titles: galvanizing dipper; pot runner

Tends equipment to coat iron and steel products with corrosion-resistant molten nonferrous metal: Suspends metal objects, such as pails, shelving, nuts and bolts, and structural steel from conveyor hooks or places them in wire baskets. Immerses objects in chemical solution to clean surface of scale and foreign matter. Lowers objects into tank of ammonium chloride or other flux to protect surface from oxidation and facilitate coating. Dips objects into tank of molten metal to coat objects, using hoist or conveyor. Removes objects from tanks after specified time. Places objects, such as nuts and bolts, in centrifuge and starts machine to cool objects and remove excessive coating. Places objects, such as shelving and structural steel, into water tank or transfers them to storage area to cool. Smooths coating, using wire brush and file. Inspects objects for even and complete coating and returns defective objects for reprocessing. Scoops dross from tank, using long-handled scoop, pours dross into molds, and weighs molded dross. Turns valves to regulate temperature in dipping tank. Adds coating metal and chemicals to maintain specified levels and mixtures in cleaning, dipping, and fluxing tanks. May be designated according to type of coating applied as Galvanizer, Zinc (galvanizing); Tin Dipper (galvanizing).
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

501.685-014 TINNING-EQUIPMENT TENDER (elec. equip.)

Tends equipment that coats preassembled groups of contact springs for relays and switches: Secures springs with screws, using foot-controlled pneumatic screwdriver. Loads multispring subassemblies on conveyor of equipment that coats terminals of subassemblies with tin. Loads solder bars and flux solution into equipment, and sets thermostat to control temperature of tinning solution.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

501.685-018 BLACK OXIDE COATING EQUIPMENT TENDER (electron. comp.) alternate titles: black oxide operator

Tends computerized equipment that applies black oxide coating to printed circuit board (PCB) panels to prevent electrical contact between layers and to aid adhesion of layers of multilayer PCB's: Loads PCB panels into racks and positions racks under equipment crane. Pushes button to activate crane that automatically lifts racks of panels and immerses racks into series of tanks that coat panels with black oxide. Measures temperature of solutions with pyrometer and turns equipment knobs and valves to adjust temperature and regulate liquid volume. Places panels in oven to dry.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

501.685-022 ELECTROLESS PLATER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PANELS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: deposition operator

Tends electroless plating equipment that immerses printed circuit board (PCB) panels into series of chemical tanks to clean, rinse, and deposit metal plating on panels to improve electrical conductivity and facilitate solder connections in production of PCB's: Turns valves to fill tanks with solutions to specified levels. Loads panels onto dipping racks and attaches racks to bar, hoist, overhead crane, or holding fixture. Sets timer for deposition cycle. Keys data into computer keyboard, presses buttons or pulls levers to activate equipment that moves racks of panels through tanks, or lowers racks into tanks manually. Observes gauges and adjusts valves on tanks to maintain required temperature. Removes PCB upon completion of deposition cycle. May compute length of deposition cycle, using calculator. May add chemicals to tanks. May be designated according to type of coating applied as Copper Deposition Operator (electron. comp.).
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

502 MELTING, POURING, CASTING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with heating metal to change it from a solid to a liquid state, pouring it into a mold or other receptacle and allowing or causing it to solidify.

502.130-010 SUPERVISOR, CASTING-AND-PASTING (elec. equip.)

Coordinates processes, supervises workers, and sets up machines used to manufacture storage-battery grids and plates: Coordinates hand and machine operations, such as lead melting, casting and trimming, paste mixing, grid pasting and drying, and inspection. Sets up machines, such as trimming press and pasting machines. Adjusts stops, guides, blades and rollers, and changes molds. Inspects in-process or finished parts, such as grids, connectors, and wet and dry plates to determine conformance to specifications. Observes gauges, thermometers, temperature controls, and operation of machines and equipment to detect malfunctions and directs or makes changes to correct defects. Reports mechanical breakdowns to maintenance department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to operation supervised as Supervisor, Grid-Casting-And-Pasting (elec. equip.); Supervisor, Plate Pasting (elec. equip.).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

502.362-010 SHOT DROPPER (ordnance)

Controls kettles at top of shot tower to melt scrap shot, pure lead, and lead alloys and drops mixture through perforated pans down tower to form shot for shotgun shells: Computes in pigs and pounds, amounts of pure lead and lead alloys, containing various percentages of antimony, required to produce mixture of specified antimony content. Notifies MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry) type and quantity of pigs to load onto conveyor. Starts conveyor and turns wheel or moves lever to regulate feed rate of lead pigs and scrap shot into kettle. Observes pyrometers and turns knobs to adjust kettle temperature, according to specifications. Positions specified $T3shot pan, spreader pan, and cup$T1 in fixture beneath kettle spout. Turns crank to regulate molten metal flow from kettle into cup. Observes falling pellets to detect defects, such as irregular shot size, clogged holes in shot pan, and impurities in lead. Adjusts flow of lead to increase or decrease size of pellets. Adjusts kettle temperature to burn out impurities. Removes pans and dips pans in kettle to melt clogged lead from perforations prior to reuse. Shakes shot samples through gauging sieve and estimates production of specified shot size from percentage of pellets passing through sieve.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

502.381-010 CASTER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: molder; slush caster

Casts jewelry pieces and ornamental figures for trophies and plaques from molten lead or zinc: Melts zinc or lead alloy bars in kettle. Assembles sections of mold and secures mold with C-clamp. Pours molten metal into mold, using hand ladle. Disassembles mold after specified time and knocks sand from casting, using mallet. Places jewelry piece or figure in tray to cool.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

502.381-014 MOLDER, PUNCH (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: molder; molder, closed molds

Casts male dies (punches) used in stamping aircraft parts from sheet metal: Operates hoist to position female dies on foundry floor [MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-042]. Clamps metal and plywood strips around die to form mold. Shapes mold to specified contours with sand, using trowel and related tools. Tilts melting pot or uses ladle to pour molten alloy (aluminum, lead, zinc) into sand mold. Places metal jig with anchor bolts attached, or similar insert setup, over mold and into molten metal in prescribed manner to attach anchor bolts to punch. May smooth dies. May preheat dies, using blowtorch or other equipment. May apply parting compound to dies. May operate furnaces and ovens.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

502.382-010 BULLET-SLUG-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (ordnance) alternate titles: machine-casting operator and adjuster

Operates machine to cast slugs for subsequent swaging into small arms ammunition bullets: Slides lead pigs and scrap into melting kettle, turns valves to control fuel-air mixture to furnace and coolant water flow to molds, and starts pump that forces molten metal through pipes to casting wheels adjacent to kettle. Starts machine and observes water on heated molds to determine when water sizzles, indicating specified temperature of molds for production casting. Examines slugs for such defects as fins, out of miter (halves not matching), partial formation, and pits. Adjusts machine controls and replaces worn and warped molds to correct malformation of slugs, using handtools. Examines molds, using straightedge and light, to detect incomplete closure and warpage, and straightens warped molds, using hand-powered press.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

502.382-014 FLUOROSCOPE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal)

Operates fluoroscope to inspect metal castings for hidden defects, such as excessive porosity and subsurface cracks: Aligns castings on table, lowers fluorescent screen over castings, and starts machine. Turns dials to adjust fluorescent penetration depth according to density of metal. Examines reflections of castings on illuminated lid to locate defects. Realigns castings for cross-sectional views, adjusting dials to new focus points. Rejects castings not conforming to plant specifications, and places castings aside for salvaging. Notifies superior of findings. Records number of castings inspected and rejected, using automatic counter. Submits minometer pencil worn on person to supervisory personnel for reading to ascertain amount of stray radiation escaping from fluoroscope. May inspect casting for defects, using magnetic testing machine [INSPECTOR, MAGNETIC PARTICLE AND PENETRANT (any industry) 709.364-010].
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

502.384-010 PEWTER CASTER (jewelry-silver.)

Casts pewter alloy to form parts for goblets, candlesticks, and other pewterware: Places pewter ingots into cauldron and turns controls to heat cauldron to specified temperature. Stirs molten alloy and skims off impurities, using skimmer. Sands inside of mold parts to remove glaze residue, using emery cloth; applies new glaze, using paint brush; and sets mold parts aside to dry. Assembles mold, wraps mold in heat-resistant cloth, and ladles molten alloy into mold opening. Manually rotates mold to distribute alloy in mold and prevent formation of air pockets. Strikes mold to separate dried casting from mold, using knocker. Repeats casting process until specified number of parts are cast. Trims gates and sharp joints from cast parts, using bandsaw. Carries trimmed castings to storage area. Periodically weighs and mixes alloy ingredients according to formulas and knowledge of ingredient chemical qualities, heats mixture to specified temperature, and fills molds to form ingots from which parts are cast. May cast items, using other equipment, such as temporary molds or casting machines.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

502.482-010 CASTER (nonfer. metal)

Operates gas-fired furnace to melt nonferrous metal, such as aluminum, magnesium, and zinc, and pours molten metal into molds to form castings of items, such as kitchen utensils, laundry equipment, metal furniture, and power mower housings: Weighs specified amounts of ingots or scrap and loads metal into furnace. Turns valve to regulate temperature in furnace. Verifies specified pouring temperature of molten metal, using pyrometer. Positions and clamps specified mold in holding device. Dips hand ladle into furnace pot and pours molten metal into mold. Observes light on preset timing gauge which indicates metal in mold has solidified. Removes casting from mold with handtools, and examines casting for defects, such as cracks, chips, and missing metal. May transport ladle from furnace to pouring station, using jib or monorail crane.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

502.482-014 CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (elec. equip.) alternate titles: parts-casting-machine operator

Operates one or more automatic single- or multiple-mold casting machines to mold storage battery parts, such as grids, connectors, and posts: Loads lead bars or shovels pig lead and scrap lead into melting kettle. Ignites burners and sets controls to melt lead and heat molds to specified temperature. Smokes or coats mold with compound to prevent sticking, using acetylene torch or spray gun. Aligns and adjusts mold halves to ensure casting of grids according to specified thickness, using handtools. Turns valves to control flow of lead to ladles and water to mold-cooling sprays. Starts machine that automatically pours specified amount of lead from ladle into mold. Inspects parts ejected from molds to detect defects or discolorations, and measures and weighs grids, using fixed gauges and scale, to ensure conformance to thickness and weight specifications. Adjusts temperatures of lead and molds and flow of lead or water to correct defects. Removes lead adhering to mold, using brush or scraper. Skims dross from molten lead, using hand ladle. May operate single-mold machine equipped with press that automatically trims grids. May repair pipe connections and stitch or replace conveyor belt, using handtools. May change or adjust molds.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

502.482-018 ROTOR CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (elec. equip.) alternate titles: die-casting machine operator

Sets up and operates die press, using demountable dies (dies with interchangeable parts) to cast motor and generator rotors: Stacks rotor core laminations [LAMINATION ASSEMBLER (elec. equip.)] and mounts them over keyed mandrel secured to die base of casting machine. Verifies skew of core slots, using fixed gauge and places die shell and top plate over assembly and secures with C-clamp. Loads aluminum bar stock into pot-type furnace. Observes thermocouple dial and turns gas valve to regulate temperature of molten metal. Lines cylinder pot with asbestos strips and disk to prevent chilling. Pours specified amount of molten aluminum into cylinder, using hand ladle. Loads die and lamination assembly into press cavity and closes door. Pulls levers to activate die rams that force molten aluminum through and around laminations and eject cast rotor from press cylinder. Removes and stamps rotor with identifying data.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

502.664-010 BLAST-FURNACE KEEPER (steel & rel.)

Taps blast furnace to fill ladles with molten metal: Drills taphole preparatory to tapping, using power hand drill. Positions splasher plate in front of taphole to prevent splashing of metal when furnace is tapped. Guides point of oxygen lance into drilled taphole to tap furnace. Opens gates and shutters to direct flow of molten iron onto runners and into ladles. Plugs taphole after ladles are filled, using mud gun. Assists other workers in breaking up and removing slag from runners, relining runners with sand, clay, and refractory mixture, and drying relined runners. Repairs or replaces defective tuyeres, blowpipes, and boshplates in furnace, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

502.664-014 STEEL POURER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: caster

Pours molten metal from ladles into molds to form ingots: Examines molds to ensure that they are clean, smooth, and coated. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to position pouring nozzle of ladle over molds. Pulls lever to lift ladle stopper and allow molten steel to flow into ingot molds to specified height. Replaces defective stoppers, using handtools, sledges, and bars. Signals STEEL-POURER HELPER (steel & rel.) during steel pouring operation to obtain sample of steel for analysis, spray water on filled molds, and cap molds. Removes solidified steel or slag from pouring nozzle, using long bar or oxygen burner.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

502.664-018 STEEL-POURER HELPER (steel & rel.)

Assists STEEL POURER (steel & rel.) in pouring molten metal into molds: Places equipment, such as shovels, water hose, and boards on pouring platform. Counts molds and caps to ensure specified number for pouring operation. Measures and marks molds to indicate specified filling heights, using tape and chalk. Weighs specified additives, and transports additives to pouring platform, using wheelbarrow. Shovels additives into molds to prevent metal from boiling and forming air bubbles inside ingot. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to position hot-tops (covers) or steel plates on filled molds to retard cooling of steel. Pours sample of molten steel into test mold for laboratory analysis. Sprays mold covers with water to cool covers. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to remove covers from molds after steel has solidified. Removes bricks from ladles that require relining and sets stopper assemblies and nozzles in relined ladles, using bars, sledge, and handtools. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

502.682-010 BULLET-CASTING OPERATOR (ordnance)

Controls automatic equipment to melt and cast lead into cylindrical billets, and extrude billets into wire for making bullets and cores used in small arms ammunition: Starts electric furnace, observes gauges, and turns rheostat to maintain specified temperature and pressure. Charges furnace with lead pigs and scrap of specified alloy, using conveyor and elevating platform. Skims dross from molten lead with skimming ladle. Turns wheel to adjust flow of molten lead into mold. Adjusts stroke of billet extractor mechanism, installs extruding dies, and regulates ram speed and flow of water coolant, using handtools. Threads extruded wire over pulleys into slug-forming machines or through guide pipes to be coiled in drums. Verifies wire size with snap gauges to ensure conformity to specifications.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

502.682-014 CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal)

Sets up and operates continuous casting machine to produce tubes and rods: Threads graphite die into bottom of crucible that holds molten metal during casting process. Places water jacket around die and connects waterlines. Inserts metal bar (starting tip) through die into crucible to form weld with molten metal. Inserts metal extension rod through driving rollers and threads rod to starting tip. Regulates speed of rollers to draw extension rod, starting tip, and molten metal through die in continuous casting process.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

502.682-018 CENTRIFUGAL-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: caster

Operates one or more centrifugal-casting machines to cast metal parts of costume jewelry: Dusts inside of rubber mold with chalkdust compound to facilitate flow of metal during casting and prevent mold from burning. Fits halves of molds together and places them on mold setting. Places disks under mold to adjust working pressure. Positions metal-pressure plate on mold to level mold on machine. Sets dial for specified pressure and speed of rotation, closes lid, and starts machine. Pours molten metal through funnel into machine, using ladle. Stops machine and removes mold. Separates halves of mold to remove casting, using pliers. May cast wax models of jewelry.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

502.684-010 LEAD CASTER (elec. equip.) alternate titles: parts caster, hand

Casts lead storage battery parts, such as grids, connectors, posts, and straps: Installs specified type and size mold on bed of machine, using handtools. Loads lead bars or shovels pig lead or scrap lead into melting kettle. Ignites burner and sets controls to melt and heat lead to casting temperature. Coats or smokes faces of mold to prevent sticking, using spray gun or acetylene torch. Dips ladle into molten metal and pours metal into mold. Moves lever or strikes knock-out pins with mallet to open mold and release parts. Inspects parts for cracks, flash, or faulty molding, and adjusts temperature of kettle to correct defects. Trims edges of parts, using hand scraper or pedal-operated power shear. Cleans mold, using brush. May change mold inserts and adjust knock-out pins, using handtools and depth gauge. May position and manually hold one half of mold against other half, pour metal into mold, and separate mold parts and loosen castings, using soft mallet. May pour lead into molds held in radial arms of machine that brings molds to worker and discharges castings onto table. May sort and weigh parts. May be designated according to part cast as Grid Caster (elec. equip.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

502.684-014 MILL HELPER (nonfer. metal) alternate titles: lead-sheet cutter

Mixes specified ingredients with molten lead, pours lead into molds, and cuts lead slabs to specified dimensions: Charges kettle with materials for melting, using shovel. Guides crane-supported mixer into kettle, and mixes contents in kettle. Opens valve permitting molten metal to flow into mold to form slab. Skims surface of bath to remove impurities, using skimming board. Marks cutting lines on lead sheet, using chalk, steel square, and tape measure, after ROLLING-MILL OPERATOR (nonfer. metal) has rolled slabs into sheets of specified thickness. Guides power-driven knife along chalklines to cut sheets to specified size. Cuts smaller sheets, using portable electric saw or slitting machine. May melt solidified metal in outlet pipes, using gas torch.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

502.684-018 MOLD SETTER (elec. equip.) alternate titles: casting-machine adjuster

Positions and aligns molds used for hand or machine casting lead parts, such as grids, battery posts, and straps: Positions and secures mold on bed of machine, using handtools. Adjusts timing mechanism to coordinate flow of lead and coolant to molds. May oversee workers engaged in hand or machine casting.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

502.684-022 NEEDLE LEADER (button & notion) alternate titles: needle molder

Casts needle or thread guide assemblies for use in knitting machines: Selects size and type of mold according to instructions. Positions needles or thread guides into mold slots with fingers and closes mold preparatory to casting process. Ladles molten lead into mold opening to form casting around parts. Removes assembly from mold, using pliers. Cuts excess lead from assembly and smooths rough edges, using knife, saw, and electric grinder. May align needles or thread guides, using gauges, hammer, and pliers.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

502.685-010 MOLDER, LEAD INGOT (ordnance)

Tends furnace to melt lead-antimony pigs and scrap, and ladles molten metal into molds: Slides pigs into furnace pot, allowing oil fumes to burn off melting metal to avoid accumulation of explosive oil vapor-air mixture. Stirs molten metal, skims dross from surface, and ladles metal into ingot molds. Turns valves to control flow of coolant water to molds. Inverts molds, when metal is solidified, and knocks ingots loose.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

502.685-014 REMELTER (elec. equip.; machinery mfg.; print. & pub.)

Tends furnace that melts scrap metal and casts it into pigs (bars or ingots) for reuse: Regulates furnace controls to attain specified temperature. Shovels scrap metal into furnace. Skims dross (scum) from molten metal, using ladle. Turns valve and allows molten metal to run into molds to form pigs. Removes cooled pigs from mold and stacks pigs in storage area.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

502.686-010 CASTING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (elec. equip.) alternate titles: grid-casting-machine-operator helper

Assists CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (elec. equip.) in molding storage battery grids performing such tasks as removing grids from machine rails, counting grids, and stacking grids on dollies. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

502.687-010 BLAST-FURNACE-KEEPER HELPER (steel & rel.)

Assists BLAST-FURNACE KEEPER (steel & rel.) in tapping blast furnace: Breaks slag from casting equipment, such as slag runners, iron troughs, gates, and dams, using bars, hammers, and shovels. Relines runners, troughs, gates, and dams with refractory materials, such as fireclay, sand, and coal dust. Cleans and loads clay gun for plugging taphole. Removes obstructions in runners during casting operations, using tong bar. Obtains sample of molten iron during cast, with spoon and pours sample into test mold. Assists in changing tuyeres, coolers, cinder notches, and blowpipes on blast furnace, using handtools. Cleans dust, debris, and solidified metal from blast furnace and casting area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

502.687-014 BUSHER (nonmet. min.)

Pours molten lead into center of grinding wheels to form bushing: Lights blowtorch under pot to melt lead. Positions grinding wheels on table with shaft or spindle protruding through center of wheel. Fills area around shaft with molten lead to form bushing. Cuts excess lead from around edge of bushing, using mallet, chisel, and power reamer.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

502.687-018 LEAD-CASTER HELPER (elec. equip.)

Performs any combination of following duties pertaining to casting of lead storage battery parts: Inspects cast storage-battery parts, such as lead washers, lugs, connectors, straps, and trimmed grids for holes, warps, discoloration, or other defects, and segregates rejects for salvage. Cleans excess lead (fins, flashings, and burs) from parts, using handtools. Stacks acceptable grids and sorts other parts according to type. Shovels pig and scrap lead into melting kettle. Skims dross from molten metal, using ladle. May tally number and type of rejects. May be designated according to part processed as Casting Inspector (elec. equip.); Grid Inspector (elec. equip.); or task performed as Lead-Supply Worker (elec. equip.).
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

503 PICKLING, CLEANING, DEGREASING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with removing coatings of grease, scale, tarnish, oxide, etc., from metal objects to obtain a clean surface. Cleaning is usually accomplished by subjecting the metal objects to acid baths.

503.137-010 SUPERVISOR, SANDBLASTER (ship-boat mfg.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sandblasting surfaces of ships in drydock and shop equipment: Confers with planning personnel to ensure requisition of equipment and materials. Inspects work to ensure conformance to prescribed standards. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

503.362-010 PICKLER, CONTINUOUS PICKLING LINE (any industry) alternate titles: cleaner operator; continuous-dryout operator; pickler operator; strip cleaner

Sets up and controls continuous pickling or electrolytic-cleaning line to remove dirt, oil, and scale from coils of brass, copper, or steel strip and wire: Turns valve to add acid to processing tanks and shovels inhibitor into tanks to obtain baths of specified acid concentration. Installs and adjusts guides, pinch and leveler rolls, and side shears on processing line, according to specified dimensions of coils to be cleaned, using handtools. Moves controls to regulate speed of coil through line, to shear coil on each side of weld or stitch, and to remove coil from upcoiler machine. Verifies dimensions of pickled coils, using micrometer and measuring tapes. Examines surface of coils to verify removal of dirt, oil, and scale. Tests solution concentration in baths, using titration test equipment, and adjusts processing line controls to ensure conformance to specifications. May be designated according to type of line controlled as Electrolytic De-Scaler (any industry).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

503.362-014 SHOTBLAST-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (foundry)

Operates equipment to clean dirt, scale, and core materials from steel castings with blasts of steel shot: Presses control panel buttons to adjust equipment settings for manual or automatic operations, length of cycle, sequence and timing of various operations, and position of oscillator. Moves control to activate tow-mechanism drive to transport trolley loaded with castings into shotblast chamber, and watches operation to ensure that hydraulic doors close completely, trolley and oscillator positions are correct, and that air turbine and shotblast wheels start in sequence. Monitors control panel dials and listens to equipment operations to detect jams or malfunctions. Stops equipment to clear jams, replace fallen castings, reposition oscillator, and adjust hydraulic equipment. Notifies machine repairer when unable to correct malfunction. Greases equipment, maintains hydraulic fluid levels, and performs minor maintenance, using grease gun and handtools.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

503.684-010 CLEANER (ordnance)

Cleans and prepares subassemblies of pistols, rifles, shotguns, and revolvers for bluing: Disassembles components, such as barrel and ratchet, trigger and hammer, trigger guard, and back strap. Blows out particles remaining after sand blasting, using airhose. Places parts in rack or wire basket and immerses parts in degreasing tank to remove oil and dirt. Mixes alcohol and whitening powder and rubs resultant paste onto gun parts to facilitate bluing. Wires parts together and attaches them to immersing rod. Blows excess solution from blued parts with airhose. Inspects parts for nicks, scratches, clearness of trademark, and cleanness. Reassembles subassemblies, using screwdriver. May pour specified amount of chemical solution (acid) into degreasing tanks.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

503.685-010 COATER (business ser.)

Tends equipment that cleans, coats, and dries baking pans: Mixes cleaning and glazing solutions according to formula or uses premixed solutions. Places pans in baskets and immerses baskets in stripping and soaking tanks to remove glaze and corrosion. Fills spray reservoirs with cleaning and glazing solutions. Removes pans from tanks and places pans on conveyor that carries pans through sprays that wash and coat surfaces with glazing solution to reduce need for greasing and to protect them against rust. Turns nozzles to adjust direction and pressure of sprays. Transfers pans to ovens that dry coating. Turns knobs to adjust oven temperature according to chart. Removes pans from oven and examines surfaces to detect defects, such as warpage and uneven coating. Tends hydraulic press to straighten warped pans. May tend overhead hoist to immerse and transfer pans to and from tanks, conveyors, and ovens. May load and unload pans from trucks, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

503.685-014 DIP-LUBE OPERATOR (ordnance)

Tends tanks to clean lead bullets and coat bullets with wax: Scoops bullets into perforated drum and immerses bullets in solvent to remove chips and grease. Immerses bullets into molten wax. Presses buttons on portable control box to rotate drum. Empties coated bullets onto conveyor belt, closes cover of blower, and starts blower to dry wax and draw off solvent fumes. Examines bullets for defects, such as malformations, gouges, dents, or blunted ends. Discards defective bullets. Starts conveyor to dump bullets that conform to standards into tote boxes. Tests coating solution, using hydrometer, and adds solvent or wax to maintain specified viscosity.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

503.685-018 DRIFTER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: drifting-machine operator

Tends drifting machine that removes scale from inner surfaces of pipe: Installs specified drift mandrel in machine, using handtools, and inserts pipe into head of machine. Moves controls to tighten pneumatic grip that holds pipe in position, and to move mandrel in and out of pipe to loosen scale.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

503.685-022 FLAME DEGREASER (automotive ser.)

Tends oven and auxiliary equipment that burn away grease from used automobile parts preparatory to rebuilding: Ignites gas jets in degreasing oven. Starts machine conveyor and hangs or places grease-coated parts on moving conveyor that carries them through oven and deposits them in collecting basket. Shuts off machine when basket is full. Removes deposited soot and other foreign matter from parts, after parts have cooled, using rotating power brush.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

503.685-026 FURNACE-AND-WASH-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (ordnance) alternate titles: continuous-washer operator

Tends equipment that cleans and dries metal cartridge parts: Loads parts into hopper by hand or using hoist. Moves switches to start conveyor system and rotate open end tumbling barrels that remove oil, scale, and dirt from cartridge parts. Turns steam and water valves and reads gauges to regulate temperature and level of cleaning solutions in tanks and to regulate temperature in drying drum. Adds chemicals, such as acids and detergents, to maintain solutions at specified concentrations. Examines parts at ejection chute to ensure parts are cleaned and dried according to specifications. May operate electric tier-lift truck to position containers filled with parts on platform above feed hopper. May tumble parts in metal-drawing (lubricating) solution prior to drying process.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

503.685-030 METAL-CLEANER, IMMERSION (any industry) alternate titles: acid dipper; cleaner; galvanizer; grease remover; neutralizer; pickler; pickling operator; pickling-tank operator; power washer; process treater

Tends equipment that chemically cleans grease, scale, dirt, and other foreign matter from metal objects to prepare them for processes, such as electroplating and galvanizing: Removes shavings, dirt, and rust spots from objects, using airhose, file, or sandpaper. Loads objects on conveyor which carries them through series of chemical and rinsing baths, or places objects on racks or in containers and immerses objects in chemical and rinsing solutions, manually or using hoist. Moves controls to start conveyor and to regulate temperature of solution or conveyor speed. Maintains consistency of cleaning solutions by adding specified amount of chemical to solutions. Drains, cleans, and refills tanks with chemicals. May dry objects, using dryer. May examine cleaned objects to ensure conformance to standards. May be known as Degreaser (any industry); or may be designated according to type of cleaning equipment as Ultrasonic Cleaner (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

503.685-034 METAL-WASHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (svc. ind. mach.)

Tends machine that washes, rustproofs, and dries metal parts used in air-conditioners: Turns valves to activate spray washers. Reads dial instruments and turns valves to adjust pressure. Observes machine operation and loads conveyor line hooks with parts which are then degreased, rinsed, coated with rustproof film, and dried in oven. Tests solutions in tanks by placing few drops in test tubes or pipettes, applying chemical reagents and observing reaction of test sample. Strengthens or dilutes solution as necessary. May perform same tasks on parts used in manufacture of oil burners.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

503.685-038 SANDBLAST OPERATOR (ordnance)

Tends automatic sandblasting machine that cleans grease, oil, and grit from fragmentation-bomb cavities: Rolls bomb off conveyor into machine cabinet. Closes door and sets automatic timer at starting position. Pushes button to release pressurized sand stream into bomb cavity. Stops machine when timer indicates completion of sandblasting. Opens cabinet and removes bomb.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

503.685-042 SANDBLAST-OR-SHOTBLAST-EQUIPMENT TENDER (any industry) alternate titles: bead blasting machine tender; shot-blast tender

Performs any combination of following tasks to tend equipment that cleans dirt, scale, and other materials from metal objects with blast of abrasive, such as steel shot, sand, steel grit, or glass beads: Dumps or shovels objects into tumbler and starts tumbler that exposes surfaces of objects to blast of abrasive and tumbling action. Stacks objects on racks, places racks in chamber, and starts blast of abrasive. Places objects on moving conveyor that carries objects under blast of abrasive. Adjusts controls on equipment to regulate pressure and amount of abrasive blast. Pours or shovels abrasive material into feed hopper to replenish supply. May tend equipment to harden or strengthen surface of metal parts and be designated Shot-Peen Operator (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 87

503.685-046 STRIP-TANK TENDER (ordnance) alternate titles: enthone solder stripper

Tends electrolytic stripping tank to remove excess silver solder from brazed areas of shotgun barrels: Loads barrels in rack and immerses rack in hot cleaning solution and rinsing baths, to remove grease and dirt. Lowers rack into electrolytic tank filled with sodium cyanide solution, using chain hoist. Connects positive charge (anode) to rack and turns valves to regulate temperature and level of liquid in tank. Turns controls to set timing cycle and to regulate flow of current through solution. Returns barrels containing excess solder to tanks for additional treatment. Dips barrels in rinsing tank and immerses them in oil bath to impart rustproof coating. Tests strength of cleaning and stripping solutions, using hydrometer, and adds chemicals to solution to maintain specified concentrations.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

503.686-010 PICKLER HELPER, CONTINUOUS PICKLING LINE (any industry) alternate titles: continuous-dryout-operator helper

Assists PICKLER, CONTINUOUS PICKLING LINE (any industry) 503.362-010 in cleaning coils of metal strips and wire: Sets specified spacing between scale-breaking and straightening rolls and adjusts wipers, brushes, and feed guides, using handtools. Places metal coil on feed-out reel manually or with hoist and feeds leading edge of coil into rollers. Moves controls to lock trailing edge of processed coil to leading edge of coil on feed-out reel to form continuous workpiece. Stacks processed coils on skids. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

503.687-010 SANDBLASTER (any industry) alternate titles: abrasive-blasting equipment operator

Abrades surfaces of metal or hard-composition objects to remove adhering scale, sand, paint, grease, tar, rust, and dirt, and to impart specified finish, using abrasive-blasting equipment: Shovels or pours abrasives, such as sand, grit, or shot of specified grade into machine hopper. Masks specified areas of object to protect from abrading action. Loads parts on racks in enclosed rooms, into tumbling barrels, or into cabinets. Turns valves on equipment to regulate pressure and composition of abrasive mixture flowing through nozzle or into tumbling barrel. Starts equipment that directs blast or flow of abrasive-laden compressed air, gas, or liquid over surface of parts. Manually directs nozzle over surface of large parts or inserts arms through glove-fitted cabinet openings and manipulates small parts under nozzle for specified interval. May examine finished parts to ensure conformance to specifications. May be designated by type of equipment or abrasive used as Cabinet-Abrasive Sandblaster (any industry); Shotblaster (any industry).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 87

504 HEAT-TREATING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with subjecting metal to heat, cold, or chemicals to relieve or redistribute stresses and affect such characteristics as hardness, flexibility, and ductility.

504.131-010 HEAT-TREAT SUPERVISOR (heat treating) alternate titles: heat treater, head; supervisor, hardening; supervisor, heat treating

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in hardening, tempering, annealing, and other heat-treating processes to condition metal workpieces and products, applying knowledge of heat-treating processes and properties and structure of metals. Conducts metallurgical analyses on metal samples and machine tools. Estimates, requisitions, and inspects materials. Confers with other supervisory personnel to coordinate activities of individual departments. Confers with workers' representatives to resolve grievances. Trains workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.281-010 HEAT-TREAT INSPECTOR (heat treating)

Inspects parts and assemblies before and after heat treating for conformance to specifications: Examines parts for cleanliness and previous inspection clearances. Reads control dials, such as pyrometer, at periodic intervals to ensure specified temperatures and soaking and cooling times are maintained. Examines processed parts for conformance to specifications, using handtools and precision measuring instruments. Stamps approved items and writes rejection notices and rework orders on parts not meeting specifications. May operate equipment to determine hardness of parts and thermal treatment required to process parts, following blueprint specifications [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)].
GOE: 06.01.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.360-010 FLAME-ANNEALING-MACHINE SETTER (heat treating)

Sets up battery of machines that anneal sidewalls of metal cartridge and shell cases preparatory to further processing: Lights gas burners and turns valves to regulate flow of gas and coolant water. Starts conveyors and dial feeder plates, and turns setscrews in burner nozzles to direct flames which anneal specific area of cartridge case. Replaces worn dial-feed, burner and conveyor parts, using handtools. Instructs new workers in machine operation. Observes color and area of dullness of annealed cases to determine flame temperature and coverage of cases. Crushes random samples between fingers to determine degree of annealing attained. May test cases for hardness [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)] and examine cases to determine grain size of metal, using microscope.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

504.380-010 FLAME-HARDENING-MACHINE SETTER (heat treating)

Sets up flame-hardening machines for FLAME-HARDENING-MACHINE OPERATORS (heat treating) according to metallurgical work order specifications, utilizing knowledge of heat-treating methods and metal properties: Positions fixture for holding workpiece and fastens fixture to machine, using wrenches. Mounts workpiece in fixture, on arbor, or between centers of machine. Estimates flame temperature and heating time cycle based on degree of hardness required and metal to be treated. Moves controls to light burners and adjust flame of oxyacetylene, propane, or other gas to prescribed temperature, judging temperature by flame color. Starts automatic feeding or rotating mechanism that moves part through hardening flame. Tests hardness of sample part [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)]. Adjusts automatic feeding or rotating mechanism and flame temperature until sample parts meet specifications.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.380-014 INDUCTION-MACHINE SETTER (heat treating)

Sets up variety of induction machines for INDUCTION-MACHINE OPERATORS (heat treating) to heattreat metal objects according to specifications: Reads work order to determine size and grade of workpiece to be processed. Determines frequency of current, time cycle, and induction heating coil to be used for each job, using knowledge of induction machines, heat-treating methods, and properties of metals. Positions and fastens induction coil and fixture on machine, using wrenches. Adjusts controls to set frequency of current and automatic timer judging from color whether pan is heated to specified temperature. Positions and fastens part in fixture and starts machine to heattreat sample part. Tests hardness of sample [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)]. Adjusts frequency of current, automatic timer, and fixture on machine until sample meets specifications. May operate induction machine as part of regular duties.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.382-010 HARDENER (clock & watch)

Controls furnace to harden, anneal, or temper watch parts: Presses button to admit gas mixture, forcing air out of furnace and burning mixture at entrance to prevent discoloration of parts and to maintain carbon content in parts. Places parts in metal basket or cylinder and inserts parts into furnace according to specified temperature. Advises on furnace temperatures and heat-treating time periods, and recommends procedures to produce desired hardness. Quenches pieces with air or oil. May cover parts with charcoal to prevent rapid heating causing discoloration of parts. May insert thermocouple into furnace and connect thermocouple to recorder.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

504.382-014 HEAT TREATER I (heat treating)

Controls heat-treating furnaces, baths and quenching equipment to alter physical and chemical properties of metal objects, using specifications and methods of controlled heating and cooling, such as hardening, tempering, annealing, case-hardening, and normalizing: Determines temperature and time of heating cycle, and type and temperature of baths and quenching medium to attain specified hardness, toughness, and ductility of parts, using standard heat-treating charts, and utilizing knowledge of heat-treating methods, equipment, and properties of metals. Adjusts furnace controls and observes pyrometer to bring furnace to prescribed temperature. Loads parts into furnace. Removes parts after prescribed time and quenches parts in water, oil, brine, or other bath, or allows parts to cool in air. May test hardness of parts [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)]. May set up and operate die-quenching machine to prevent parts from warping. May set up and operate electronic induction equipment to heat objects [INDUCTION-MACHINE SETTER (heat treating)]. May align warped fuel elements, containing radioactive uranium, using hydraulic ram straightener.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.382-018 HEAT-TREATER APPRENTICE (heat treating)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

504.387-010 HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)

Tests metal objects to determine their degree of hardness, using hardness testing equipment: Positions workpiece on anvil of testing machine and turns controls to press steel ball or diamond point against surface of piece or to allow diamond-pointed hammer fall on surface to be tested. Measures diameter of indentation caused by steel balls, using microscope, or reads scale on test equipment that indicates depth of penetration of ball or diamond point, or calibrated height of hammer rebound. Reads hardness number from calibrated scale on equipment or converts scale reading to hardness number, using formula or conversion chart. Important variables may be indicated by trade names of equipment used. May cut cross section of sample part and examine part under microscope to determine hardness depth.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.485-010 RIVET HEATER (heat treating)

Tends furnace that heats rivets to specified temperature: Places specified rivets in gas, oil, or coke furnace, or between electrodes in electric furnace. Turns knobs to regulate heat or current of furnace. Removes rivets from furnace when color indicates rivets are heated to specified temperature and throws rivets to RIVETER HELPER (any industry), using tongs. May tend portable coke furnace to heat rivets in field. May be designated according to type of furnace tended as Rivet Heater, Electric (heat treating); Rivet Heater, Gas (heat treating).
GOE: 05.12.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.665-010 SLAB-DEPILER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: table and slab depiler

Tends equipment that transfers steel slabs from conveyor onto charging table of reheating furnace: Moves controls to transfer slab from conveyor onto depiler. Measures slab for conformance to specifications, using tape, and compares identifying marks on slab with information on charging schedule. Pushes levers to lower depiler table and cause pushoff arm of depiler to push slab onto charging table. Assists furnace crew in cleaning bottom of furnace and hearth and in positioning slabs in furnace.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.665-014 CHARGER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: charger; pusher

Tends charging mechanism that moves steel shapes, such as blooms, billets, and slabs, in specified sequence, through soaking-pit furnace: Signals CHARGER-OPERATOR HELPER (steel & rel.) 504.686-010 or OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to position steel on furnace skids. Moves levers on control panel to position skid on entry bed, open furnace door, and start pusher arm that pushes steel into furnace. Observes inside of furnace, projected on television screen, and moves controls to spot steel in specified locations. Moves controls to discharge steel onto mill rollers. Records quantity of steel charged and discharged. Assists other workers in cleaning furnace bottoms and repairing or replacing defective equipment, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

504.682-010 ANNEALER (heat treating) alternate titles: normalizer

Controls furnace to relieve internal stresses in metal objects and to soften and refine grain structure: Reads production schedule to determine processing sequence and furnace temperatures for objects to be processed. Turns furnace controls and observes gauges to prepare furnace for annealing process. Charges objects directly onto furnace bed, or packs objects into section of furnace or tubes sealed with clay to prevent oxidation. Reduces heat and allows objects to cool in furnace, or removes objects from furnace to cool in open air. May operate continuous furnace through which objects are passed by means of reels and conveyors and be designated Continuous-Annealing Furnace Operator (heat treating). May anneal wire and be designated Pot Annealer (heat treating).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

504.682-014 CASE HARDENER (heat treating) alternate titles: carbonizer; carburizer

Controls furnace to harden surface of steel objects, using any of following methods: (1) Places objects in wire basket and immerses them in heated chemical bath, such as sodium cyanide. (2) Packs objects in metal boxes filled with carbonaceous material, such as coke, coal, bone charcoal, or barium carbonate, and charges boxes into furnace. (3) Charges objects into furnace and opens valves to circulate carbon-rich gas, such as methane, around objects during heating process. Removes objects from bath or furnace and quenches objects in oil, water, or brine, or allows objects to cool to predetermined temperature before quenching, depending on metal properties specified. May be designated according to article case-hardened as Die Case Hardener (heat treating); or by process used as Cyanide Furnace Operator (heat treating).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.682-018 HEAT TREATER II (heat treating)

Controls one or more furnaces to heat treat metal objects according to specifications: Places parts in racks, trays, or baskets, and places objects on conveyor or loads objects directly into furnace. Adjusts furnace temperature and observes pyrometer to heat metal to prescribed temperature. Sets speed of conveyor for prescribed time cycle, or records removal time of parts to ensure objects attain specified temperature for a specified time. Removes parts after prescribed time and quenches parts in water, oil, or other bath, or allows parts to cool in air. May test hardness of parts [HARDNESS INSPECTOR (heat treating)]. May feed die-quenching machine to prevent parts from warping. May degrease or remove scale from parts. May draw wire or sheet metal through furnace and attach metal to winding mechanism that pulls metal through furnace.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.682-022 HEAT-TREATING BLUER (heat treating) alternate titles: dulite-machine bluer

Operates gas furnace that heats metal gun parts to rustproof and impart decorative nonreflecting blue finish: Sprays parts with steam to remove grease, grit, and dirt. Places parts in barrel of gas furnace and covers parts with mixture of bone chips and whale or pine tar oil. Closes furnace door and moves lever to rotate barrel. Turns gas valves and observes pyrometer to regulate temperature of furnace. Opens door after furnace cools, and pulls lever to tilt barrel and dump contents into sieve. Sifts parts from bone mixture and quenches parts in oil. Blows oil and chips from blued parts, using airhose. Examines parts to ensure shade and color conform to specifications, utilizing knowledge of heat-treating methods and metal properties.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.682-026 TEMPERER (heat treating)

Controls furnace to reheat previously quenched and hardened metal objects, and quenches them in brine, water, oil, or molten lead to remove quenching strains and brittleness and to impart toughness to metal.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

504.685-010 BASE-DRAW OPERATOR (ordnance)

Tends electric furnace that anneals base sections of hardened projectile bodies to facilitate subsequent machining operations: Lifts projectile from conveyor with tongs and fits projectile in holder on machine table. Pushes switch to activate mechanism that elevates table and thrusts projectile base into furnace unit. Observes dial indicator and presses button to maintain flow of current according to specifications. Removes projectile when table descends automatically. Quenches projectile base in water.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

504.685-014 FLAME-HARDENING-MACHINE OPERATOR (heat treating) alternate titles: gas-anneal feeder

Tends flame-hardening machine, according to set procedures, to case-harden metal objects: Positions and fastens part in fixture, on arbor, or between centers of machine. Presses buttons on control panel to light burners that direct flame against part and start automatic feeding or spinning mechanism. Observes machine operation and removes finished part. May anneal metal cartridge or shell cases and be designated Flame-Annealing-Machine Operator (heat treating).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.685-018 HEAT-TREATER HELPER (heat treating) alternate titles: bluing-oven tender; draw-furnace tender; furnace feeder; furnace loader; heat-treat puller; tempering-kiln tender

Assists HEAT TREATER (heat treating) I or HEAT TREATER (heat treating) II in annealing, hardening, or tempering metal objects by performing any combination of the following duties: Cleans foreign matter, such as scale, rust, or grease, from metal objects, using solvents, wire brushes, scrapers, or hammer and chisel. Hangs parts on racks, hooks, or fixture, or places them on handtrucks or conveyors, and charges them into furnace manually or using hoist. Adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature in furnace. Immerses objects in chemical bath or places objects in containers and packs carbonaceous material around them. Quenches heated objects in liquid, such as oil or water. Marks identification on parts. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.685-022 INDUCTION-MACHINE OPERATOR (heat treating) alternate titles: electronic induction hardener

Tends electronic induction machine, according to set procedures, to harden, braze, or anneal metal objects: Positions and fastens part in fixture of machine. Presses button on control panel to start electric current flowing through induction coil for prescribed time. May load automatic machine by dumping parts into hopper. May test parts for hardness, using preset hardness testing equipment, and stamp heat treatment identification mark on casting, using hammer and punch.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.685-026 PRODUCTION HARDENER (heat treating) alternate titles: carbonizer; case hardener

Tends battery of molten carbonizing salt bath or ammonia-methane furnaces that case harden steel objects, such as buckles, screws, wrenches, and bicycle crank cups: Loads objects by hand into wire basket attached to steel-rod handle. Immerses basket into chemical bath inside furnace pot or into ammonia-methane furnace. Scoops salt into furnace pots to maintain bath level or opens valves to inject gases into furnace, and sets timer. Removes basket from furnace at end of heating cycle and dumps objects into mesh container submerged in tank of quenching oil. May lift container from quenching tank and dip container in rinse water. Dumps objects into box or tray. May signal forklift operator to deposit or extract containers of objects into and from furnaces and quenching and rinse tanks.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

504.685-030 REEL-BLADE-BENDER FURNACE TENDER (agric. equip.)

Tends gas oven that heats lawnmower blades preparatory to bending: Places cold blade on furnace apron and presses pedal to raise furnace door. Positions blade in slotted rack on furnace bed, using tongs. Removes blade from furnace after specified time. Lubricates bending machine, using grease gun.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.686-010 CHARGER-OPERATOR HELPER (steel & rel.)

Assists CHARGER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) in moving steel blooms, billets, and slabs through soaking-pit furnace: Straightens steel on furnace skids and roller conveyor, using bar. Places separators between steel shapes and marks identifying information on shapes. May cut, transport and store trial bars in bins. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.686-014 FURNACE HELPER (heat treating)

Performs any combination of following tasks near heat-treat furnace: Transfers metal slabs, plates, sheets, and fabricated forms from tables and conveyors to furnace cars and trays, using hoist, handtruck, tractor or by hand. Loads and unloads material from heat-treating, and process-chamber furnaces. Feeds metal into straightening rolls. Breaks lumps of sludge from furnace pots, using airhammer, and shovels sludge into crushing machine. Cuts, identifies, and marks samples, using shear and crayon. Verifies dimensions with tape and micrometer. Separates scrap for remelt according to marking. May feed metal rods from coils into furnace, using hoist, and wind rods into coils as rods emerge from furnace, using winding mechanism.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.686-018 HARDENER HELPER (clock & watch)

Assists HARDENER (clock & watch) in hardening and tempering watch parts, maintaining flow of work into and out of department, and cleaning and packaging finished work. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

504.686-022 HEAT TREATER (electron. comp.)

Feeds and off bears furnace that heats semiconductor wafers to relieve stress caused by sawing and to stabilize resistivity: Transfers wafers from storage container to quartz $T3boat.$T1 Places boat on conveyor belt that automatically moves wafers through furnace. Removes boat from conveyor belt at furnace exit. Transfers wafers from boat to storage container after cooling. Records production information on work order.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 86

504.687-010 ANNEALER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: heat treater

Heat treats jewelry fittings to soften fittings for further processing, using electric or gas furnace: Sets automatic controls to specified temperature. Fills steel tray with fittings and places fittings in oven, using tongs. Removes tray after specified time and immerses fittings in water. May clean oxide and scale from fittings by immersing fittings in chemical and water baths. May heat treat ingots, using Bunsen burner or torch, and immerse ingots in alcohol to restore ingot malleability. May open and close gas valves, ignite and extinguish gas flames, and set time clock alarm for heating and cooling periods.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

505 METAL SPRAYING, COATING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with covering the surfaces of objects with metal or an accretion of metal and adjuncts in molten or semimolten form usually by brushing, spraying, immersing, or coating processes.

505.130-010 SUPERVISOR, METALIZING (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in spraying protective metal coatings on metal to prevent corrosion and to build up surfaces of worn or damaged metal parts: Analyzes work orders, workpieces, and blueprints to determine process, materials, and sequence of operations required to coat metal. Sets up machine tools and metal spray guns to perform special or experimental operations. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Examines finished pieces for conformity to specifications. Directs workers in processes, such as degreasing, sandblasting, welding and brazing, metal spraying, and machining. Inspects malfunctioning of machines and equipment to determine need for repair. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

505.130-014 SUPERVISOR, VACUUM METALIZING (any industry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in vacuum metalizing of glass, plastic, or metal objects, applying knowledge of vacuum metalizing processes, equipment, and procedures: Computes time and pressure specifications for VACUUM-METALIZER OPERATORS (any industry). Observes operations to detect malfunction. Sets up and operates equipment to perform experimental work. Trains workers in operation of equipment. May insert filaments into holders on rack, fill oil tanks of pumps, and examine gauges for malfunction to prepare vacuum metalizing equipment for operation. May position spray nozzles and turn knobs to synchronize conveyor speed, electric-eye action, and temperature and blower action of drying oven to set up automatic spray-painting equipment. May repair and maintain tools and machinery. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

505.380-010 METAL SPRAYER, MACHINED PARTS (any industry) alternate titles: flame-spray operator; metalizer, machined parts; metal-spray operator

Sets up and operates flame-spray equipment and machine tools to build up worn parts, such as crankshafts, motor shafts, clutch plates, and piston rods, and to salvage defective machined parts, according to specifications: Washes object with solvents, or heats object with torch or in furnace to remove impurities, such as grease or paint. Operates machines, such as engine lathes and external grinders, to undercut or groove surface of object. Cleans and roughens surface of object in sand or shotblast cabinet [CABINET-ABRASIVE SANDBLASTER (any industry) 503.687-010] or by electrobonding process. Preheats object for spraying, using oxyacetylene torch or metalizing gun. Sprays metal or other material on object by either of following methods: (1) Positions and clamps metalizing gun to engine lathe carriage. Selects nozzle to accommodate size of wire to be sprayed and screws nozzle into place on metalizing gun. Inserts wire to be sprayed into rear of gun and through feed rollers and nozzle. Connects hoses from gun to air compressor and tanks of oxygen and fuel gas, such as acetylene. Turns knobs to synchronize speed of wire feed, air pressure, flow of oxygen and fuel indicated on dials to specifications computed from data charts. Installs gears in lathe and turns knobs to synchronize rotating speed of chuck and movement of carriage with rate of spray to achieve specified coating on workpiece. Ignites gases to melt wire and presses button or trigger to release compressed air which atomizes and sprays molten metal onto workpiece. (2) Pours specified powder of metal or other material, such as ceramics, into hopper mounted on metalizing gun. Selects nozzle according to type of powder to be used and screws nozzle into place on gun. Turns dials and valves to synchronize feeding rate of powder and flow of oxygen and fuel gas, according to type of powder used. Ignites gases and presses button or trigger to start flow of powder which is atomized and sprayed onto workpiece. Heats object with torch or in heat-treating furnace to fuse coatings, and cools object slowly to prevent cracking. Measures object, using measuring instruments, such as micrometers, gauges, and calipers, to determine conformance to specifications. Operates portable metalizing gun to fill cracks, holes, and apply coating to restore flat or irregular surfaces of machined, forged, or cast objects to original dimensions. May operate machines, such as engine lathes, turret lathes, or precision grinders, to machine-coat objects to original specifications. May spray protective coatings of corrosion-resistant metal onto metal objects. May tend portable air compressors, sandblasting guns, and set up metalizing gun on lathes in customers' plants to repair damaged, worn, or improperly machined parts. May be designated according to type of metalizing equipment used as Thermospray Operator (any industry).
GOE: 06.01.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

505.382-010 METAL-SPRAYING-MACHINE OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC I (any industry) alternate titles: flame-spraying-machine operator, automatic; metalizing-machine operator, automatic

Sets up and operates metal spraying machine to bond protective or decorative coatings to metal objects: Positions workpieces into holding fixtures of conveyor. Attaches nozzle onto spray gun and positions gun at specified distance from workpiece. Connects hoses from gun to air compressor and fuel tanks. Threads end from roll of specified wire through gun. Turns knobs and levers to synchronize speed of wire feed, air pressure, and specified flow of oxygen and fuel. Turns knobs and installs gears to set conveyor speed and holding device. Ignites gun to melt emerging wire at nozzle and presses button or turns handle to release compressed air which atomizes and sprays molten metal onto surface of workpiece. Inspects workpieces for coating defects and removes finished pieces from conveyor. May install gears to accommodate larger workpieces. May operate sandblasting equipment to roughen and clean surface of workpieces [SANDBLASTER (any industry)]. May preheat workpieces in oven. May be designated according to type of equipment used as Metal-Spraying-Machine Operator, Crucible Gun (any industry).
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

505.382-014 WELDING-ROD COATER (elec. equip.)

Controls variety of machines to mix, dip, grind, and bake flux onto electric welding rods: Operates bandsaw to cut welding rod stock to specified length. Pours flux ingredients into mixing machine and starts machine. Measures specific gravity of flux mixture, using hydrometer. Pours flux into hydraulic dipping machine. Places rods in dip holding rack and turns end bolt to secure rods, using wrench. Slides rack into dipping machine and adjusts temperature and humidity gauges, according to work order specifications. Removes and places dipped rods on drying rack to dry. Operates grinding machine to remove excess flux from coated rod tips. Bakes coated rods in drying oven for specified period of time. Operates marking machine to print identification code on rods as specified. Cleans equipment, using water hose and scraper.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

505.482-010 PASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (elec. equip.) alternate titles: grid-pasting-machine operator

Operates pasting machine and dryer to apply specified amount of lead-oxide paste onto grids used in making storage battery plates: Stacks grids or multiple-grid panels on bench or in automatic feeding device. Adjusts shoes (guides) on pasting machine to size of grid, using handtools. Adjusts scraper blade (wiper) and roller, according to thickness specified for plate, using wrenches. Hoists carts of paste into position near machine and shovels paste into hopper. Starts machine that automatically feeds grids or manually places grids between shoes. Weighs wet plates on scale and changes elevation of scraper to produce plate of specified weight. Installs device (pyramid) in machine that prevents pasting of center strip of panels and determines width of plates. Sets temperature of dryer. Cleans machine. Changes conveyor belts or cheesecloth cover on roller, using handtools. May tend machine that breaks finished double-grid plates into single units. May segregate defective plates, stack acceptable plates in box, and set aside for curing period. May clean edges and lugs of plates, using wire brush. May mix lead-oxide powders, water, and acids into paste.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

505.682-010 SPRAYER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls metal spraying machine and melting furnace to coat carbon anodes with molten aluminum for use in reducing pots: Sets furnace temperature control dial at desired level and checks level of molten aluminum in furnace. Adjusts flow of compressed air through spray nozzle and hydraulic tilt of furnace and turntable. Presses button on control panel to move monorail trolley holding anode assembly onto turntable of spray machine. Starts hydraulic system that lowers turntable and anode to bottom of spray pit. Starts flow of compressed air through nozzle that sprays specified amount of molten metal onto rotating anode. Repositions furnace in original position, stops equipment, and hoists anode assembly onto monorail conveyor for movement to loading station. Cleans aluminum overspray from sides and bottom of pit and places residue in container for reuse. Skims slag from molten aluminum in furnace to remove impurities.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

505.684-010 ELECTROLESS PLATER (any industry)

Coats small steel valve parts, crystal slices used in making semiconductors, or related materials with nickel plate, using nonelectric dipping process: Fills dip tank with nickel salt solution and sets controls to maintain specified temperature. Fills basket with parts to be plated or mounts slides bearing crystal slices on holding fixture, and lowers materials into plating tank. Determines time parts remain in bath, using knowledge of process and thickness of plating desired. Removes parts when process is completed. Gauges parts frequently with micrometers to see that specified tolerances are maintained. Adds plating solution or refills tanks, as necessary, to complete plating process. May immerse materials in leaching or cleaning solution preparatory to plating.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

505.684-014 METAL SPRAYER, PRODUCTION (any industry)

Sprays variety of objects, such as valves, clutch plates, and cylinder linings, on production basis, to coat them with specified thickness of metal: Cleans and roughens surface of object in sand or shotblast cabinet [CABINET-ABRASIVE SANDBLASTER (any industry)]. Fastens objects in fixture or between bench centers. Preheats object for spraying, using oxyacetylene torch or metalizing gun. Moves controls to set specified rate of wire feed and flow of oxygen and fuel gases through metalizing gun. Ignites gases to melt wire and presses button or trigger to release compressed air which atomizes and sprays molten metal onto workpiece. Manually directs spray over object to apply coating of specified thickness. May spray metal objects with soft solder preparatory to assembly and be designated Solder Sprayer (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

505.685-010 BROWNING PROCESSOR (ordnance)

Tends equipment that imparts decorative bluing or brown-black color, and hard, corrosion resistant surface to gun barrels: Mixes solution of acids and metallic salts, according to formula. Places barrels on conveyor that passes through coloring tanks, electrical drying, and preheating oven into steam chamber where controlled temperature and humidity promote oxidation. Rinses barrels in boiling water and holds them against wire or fiber brush wheel to remove loose rust particles and produce satin finish. Repeats rusting and brushing cycle until color of barrel conforms to specified standards. Swabs browned barrels with rust-preventing oil, using rag or sponge.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

505.685-014 METAL-SPRAYING-MACHINE OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC II (any industry) alternate titles: sprayer

Tends automatic or semiautomatic metal spraying machine that bonds protective or decorative coatings to metal objects, such as clutch plates and valves, on production basis: Loads objects on conveyor or places them in fixture. Sets controls on panel to regulate such functions as conveyor speed, rate of wire or powder feed, flow of compressed air and fuel gas, and starting and stopping of spray. Starts machine and observes operation to detect malfunctioning of equipment.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

505.685-018 VACUUM-METALIZER OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: vapor coater

Tends vacuum metalizing equipment that deposits decorative or protective coating of specified metal on metal, glass, or plastic objects: Hooks or clamps articles onto rack. Positions pieces of coating metal over heating filament on rack. Positions rack in vacuum chamber, manually or using hoist. May plug in electrical connection or filaments. Connects gear to motorized jig that rotates rack inside chamber. Closes door and turns handles to seal chamber. Turns handwheel and starts pump to remove air from chamber. Starts booster and high vacuum pumps, and observes dials to obtain specified state of vacuum in chamber. Pushes button to heat filament which vaporizes coating metal and deposits it as film on objects on rack. Turns off electric current after specified time and turns handwheel to permit air to enter chamber. Opens door, removes rack, and lifts coated objects onto truck or dolly.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF METAL, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with molding, casting, coating, conditioning, or otherwise processing metal.

509.130-010 SUPERVISOR, POWDERED METAL (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing and pressing metal powders, and in sintering, coining, impregnating, and inspecting powdered metal products, applying knowledge of powdered metal properties, press and furnace operation, and sintering and impregnating processes. Trains workers in setup of machines and equipment. May set up briquetting and coining presses and sintering furnaces. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

509.130-014 SUPERVISOR, POWER-REACTOR (chemical)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in controlling nuclear reactors to produce plutonium and steam: Observes panel control board indicators to ensure operation of reactors conforms to government and company safety regulations. Analyzes instrumentation data to determine equipment adjustments. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

509.132-010 SUPERVISOR, SOAKING PITS (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in heating and soaking steel ingots preparatory to rolling in blooming and slabbing mills: Prepares schedule for charging and drawing steel into and from preheating and soaking pits. Directs workers in charging ingots into pits and in heating and drawing operations. Inspects furnaces and equipment to determine necessary maintenance. Trains workers in mill operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

509.362-010 MIXER OPERATOR, HOT METAL (steel & rel.)

Operates machine to mix various charges of molten metal and maintain metal at specified temperature for use in converters and furnaces: Moves controls to raise lid of mixer and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to pour metal from transfer ladle into mixer. Turns controls to adjust fuel and air mixture to mixer burners to maintain specified temperature in mixer, and to rotate arm that mixes molten metal. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to position ladle for receiving molten metal from mixer for delivery to converters or furnaces. Moves controls to tilt mixer and fill ladle. Inserts long-handled spoon in ladle to obtain sample of molten metal and pours sample into mold for laboratory analysis. Repairs mixer lining, using refractory materials and handtools.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

509.382-010 COATER OPERATOR (any industry)

Operates roll-coating machine and auxiliary equipment to coat coils of sheet metal, flat metal blanks, or fabricated metal parts with paint, vinyl plastic, or adhesive film: Positions coiled metal strip on mandrel of feed reel or places metal blanks onto feed carriage of machine. Feeds coils of sheet metal into take-up rolls of stitching machine. Starts stitching machine that staples strips together to form endless metal strip. Turns control dials of machines to regulate speed of metal strip, temperature of drying ovens, and flow of chemicals that maintain specified viscosity of solutions in cleaning tanks. Mixes paint or coating solution to specified viscosity and starts equipment to pump mixture into machine reservoir. Turns setscrews to adjust distance between coating rollers that control thickness of coating. Measures thickness of coating to test viscosity, using wet film gauge. Starts pump that fills printing machine reservoir. Adjusts printing cylinder that prints designs on painted metal strip and hydraulic pressure valve of laminating machine that applies plastic vinyl or adhesives to heated metal strip. Turns valve to control spray of water in quenching process that tempers paint, adhesives, or plastic vinyl. Presses pedal of shear machine to cut metal strips. Pushes reel lever to rewind coated metal strip into coil. Examines coated metal workpieces for defects, such as air bubbles or uncoated surfaces.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

509.382-014 DENTAL-AMALGAM PROCESSOR (nonfer. metal) alternate titles: special-machine operator

Operates machines to process dental-amalgam and tests amalgam with interferometer: Anneals ingot of tin, copper, and silver to obtain specified molecular characteristics [ANNEALER (heat treating)]. Cuts ingot into chips of uniform size, using engine lathe. Pours chips into hopper of grinder and starts machine to grind chips into microgranules of specified size. Loads granules into elutriator and turns valve to regulate flow of water that forces granules through sieves to separate granules, according to size. Loads moist granules in drying machine or oven. Mixes specimen quantity of alloy with mercury, using amalgamator machine or mortar and pestle, and packs mixture into mold. Removes amalgam from mold and places amalgam between glass panels of instrument. Counts black bands appearing within circle of instrument and informs supervisor of number of bands.
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

509.384-010 CASE PREPARER-AND-LINER (ordnance)

Cleans rocket-motor cases and lines them with heat-resistant coatings by performing any combination of following tasks: Moves motor cases through various process stations of building, using hoist and conveyor system. Attaches and removes special handling devices (handling rings) on motor cases, using wrenches and other handtools or portable power tools. Immerses case in chemical bath for specified period to remove protective coatings or contaminants. Wipes solution from inside of case, using cloth. Removes chemical film from surface of case, using sandblasting equipment [SANDBLASTER (any industry)]. Paints outside of motor case, using spray gun. Bakes motor case in drying oven. Lowers motor case onto bed of lining machine. Connects turntable to end of motor case, using wrenches. Starts machine which rotates case and sprays heat-resistant material on inside of case. Examines coating for voids or other defects. Conveys lined motor case to curing oven. Observes recording instrument charts on control panel of curing oven to verify specified temperatures and curing time. Lowers cured cases onto skids and covers ends with paper and gummed tape.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

509.462-010 ALODIZE-MACHINE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal)

Sets up and operates machine that coats flat sheet or coiled metal to specified color and finish: Mixes $T3alodize$T1 solution in tank of machine, according to formula. Places container of solution sample under test tube and reads gauge to determine solution concentration. Sets up machine rolls and guides, using handtools and micrometer. Turns dial and observes gauge to heat solution to specified temperature. Operates hoist to place sheets on machine feed carriage or to lift coil onto machine spindle. Feeds sheets or end of coil into machine rolls. Adjusts controls to maintain machine speed and temperature of solution to obtain specified color and coverage of metal.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

509.485-010 COMPOUND MIXER (tinware) alternate titles: coating mixer

Tends agitator machines that mix compounds used to line and coat tin cans: Measures and pours specified amounts of concentrates and solvents into barrel of solution, using measuring can. Lowers agitator into barrel and starts machine to mix solution. Tests viscosity of solution with viscosimeter and adds solvent or concentrates to obtain specified consistency. Starts pump that forces mix from barrel into storage tank and through feed lines into coating machine reservoirs. Raises and stacks barrels on racks, using chain hoist, and transports them to mixing room with handtrucks. Keeps stock control records.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

509.485-014 SHOT POLISHER AND INSPECTOR (ordnance)

Tends equipment in shot tower that segregates, routes, blends, and polishes shot (lead pellets) used in shotgun shells: Starts bucket elevator that conveys newly formed pellets to shot tower and into screening drums that remove oversize and undersize pellets. Turns crank to adjust angle of glass plates over which screened shot is rolled to remove out-of-round pellets, using graduated measuring stick to verify pitch. Pulls levers and chains to direct flow of shot into sieves, polishing barrel, and storage bins, or into scrap bin for remelting. Connects Y-pipe between specified bins and polishing barrel, starts barrel rotating, and opens bin valves to blend full and off-size shot by flowing shot together in Y-pipe. Weighs sample of mixed shot at designated intervals and counts total number of pellets in sample, using pellet counting plate. Measures size of pellets, using pellet measuring stick, and counts number of each size to determine average size. Rolls pellets under dial micrometer to ascertain roundness of pellets. Turns valves by trial and error to obtain shot blend that conforms to specifications. Records results of tests.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.565-010 KILN OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Tends battery of rotary kilns that heat minerals, such as lime, chrome ore, and manganese, preparatory to mixing minerals with molten metal to form steel: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to deliver specified type and amount of material to kiln feedbox. Pushes switches to start kiln rotating and conveyors feeding materials from feedbox to kiln. Ignites burners under kiln and moves controls to attain specified temperature in kiln. Pulls lever to dump heated material into steel box on platform scale. Weighs and records weight, type, and amount of material heated.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.566-010 MIXER OPERATOR HELPER, HOT METAL (steel & rel.)

Assists MIXER OPERATOR, HOT METAL (steel & rel.) 509.362-010 to mix molten metal: Attaches electrical connections to torpedo-ladle car and pushes controls to tilt car and pour metal into hot-metal transfer ladle. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to pour molten iron from ladle into mixer. Records tare weight of torpedo-ladle car. Knocks solidified slag from pouring spout and rim of hot-metal ladle, using hammer and bar. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.584-010 TEST PREPARER (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.) alternate titles: sampler; steel sampler; test assembler; test carrier

Collects samples of materials, such as scrap iron and ore, and products, such as metal sheets, rails, tubes, and bars, and prepares samples for physical analysis, using grinders, crushers, drill press, power saws and milling machine. Identifies samples and routes samples to laboratory for analysis. Records test data and type and amount of samples tested.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

509.666-010 COMPOUND-COATING-MACHINE OFFBEARER (tinware) alternate titles: end packer

Removes tin can ends from discharge rack of coating machine: Inspects rubber base coating compound on can ends and ring-pull for conformity to specifications. Notifies PUNCH-PRESS SETTER (any industry) of machine jam or defects in can ends. Packs ends in cartons or paper bags and places containers on pallet.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.684-010 ENAMELER (plumbing-heat.) alternate titles: enamel drier

Sprays finish coat of enamel onto cast-iron sanitary units, such as bathtubs and sinks and bakes unit to provide permanent finish: Wheels units into furnace for preheating, using steel fork mounted on overhead conveyor. Observes color of unit through window in furnace to determine when desired temperature has been reached. Removes unit from furnace and sprays powdered enamel over it, using pneumatic gun. Returns unit to furnace to fuse and glaze enamel, repeating heating and enameling process until unit is coated without discolorations, blisters, or pinholes.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

509.685-010 ALODIZE-MACHINE HELPER (nonfer. metal)

Tends machine that rewinds metal coils processed by ALODIZE-MACHINE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal) and assists in coating metal sheets and coils: Places cardboard core on rewinding arbor and starts end of coil around core. Pulls levers to start rewinder. Cuts material to specified lengths, using hand shear. Tapes loose end and removes coil from rewinder, using hoist. Lifts sheets from discharge end of machine and stacks finished sheets onto skid. Places coil on unwinding equipment and threads coil end through machine, preparatory to alodizing process. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.685-014 BRANNER-MACHINE TENDER (galvanizing)

Tends equipment that applies bran or mixture of sawdust and lime to tin plate surfaces to remove palm oil from plates: Moves controls and valves to regulate speed of conveyor and feed mechanism and adjust flow of soda ash solution to wash unit. Observes operation to detect faulty feeding of plates into units that brush plate surfaces with bran and wash residue from plates. Replenishes exhausting supply of bran in hopper. Inspects plates to ensure removal of palm oil from plates.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

509.685-018 BURNING-PLANT OPERATOR (ordnance)

Tends furnace that heats scrapped small arms ammunition to explode powder and reclaim lead and brass: Pulls trucks of tote boxes from storage area to furnace hoppers. Scoops or dumps primers or loaded cartridges into hopper. Shovels exploded primers from furnace floor or skims cartridge and bullet cases from surface of molten lead, using skimming tool, and deposits them in containers, according to type of metal. Ladles molten lead from furnace pot into pig molds. Carries cooled pigs to storage area and stacks them on skids. May burn waste powder in open pit by dumping it onto wood fire, using remote-control trolley.
GOE: 05.12.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-022 CERAMIC COATER, MACHINE (any industry) alternate titles: ceramic plater

Tends machine that coats metal objects with ceramic material: Places workpiece on rack, observing reflection in mirror below rack to determine when surface to be coated is exposed. Closes machine door and presses button to start rack revolving and initiate coating cycle. Observes gauges and turns valves to maintain specified flow through coating nozzle. Fills reservoir with ceramic material and turns valves on hydrogen supply tanks to maintain flow of gas to machine. Removes coated parts, blows away excess material with airhose, and places parts in container.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-026 GETTERING-FILAMENT-MACHINE OPERATOR (light. fix.) alternate titles: getterer; getter operator

Tends machine that sprays or dips tungsten wires with chemical (getter) used to burn off residual air and moisture in electric light bulbs: Fills receptacle of machine with getter. Starts machine that sprays or dips getter onto tungsten filaments. Observes application of getter to ensure uniformity and to prevent distortion. May weigh specified quantity of filaments and calculate number, using slide rule and known weight of single unit. May place tray with coated filaments in oven to dry.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.685-030 IMPREGNATOR (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)

Tends vacuum or pressure tank that impregnates powdered-metal parts with lubricating oil or molten plastic: Pours impregnating material into tank. Sets controls of heating unit to attain specified temperature of solution. Places containers of parts in tank and closes cover. Observes gauge and turns valves to attain specified pressure or vacuum in tank. Closes valves after specified time, and removes finished parts from tank.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-034 LACQUER-DIPPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (button & notion)

Tends battery of machines that dip metal buttons, buckles, and related parts into lacquer: Pours lacquer into tank to indicated level. Hangs racks of parts over lacquer tank, and starts machine that automatically dips buckles into lacquer and raises them over tank to drip dry. Lifts racks from machine to handtruck and transports racks into drying oven.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-038 LUBRICATING-MACHINE TENDER (ordnance)

Tends tumbling machine that sprays small arms cartridge parts with lubricating solution and dries them preparatory to drawing operations: Empties containers of parts into hopper, manually or using electric hoist. Turns handwheel to regulate spray of lubricating solution. Reads gauges and adjusts steam valves or electrical controls to maintain specified drying temperature within drum. Positions empty container at discharge chute to receive dried parts and removes filled container, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-042 LUBRICATOR-GRANULATOR (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)

Tends machines that lubricate, granulate, and pelletize metallic powder: Pours specified amount of powder and lubricants into mixing machine. Starts machine that mixes powder with lubricants for specified length of time. Pours mixture into trays and places mixture in drying ovens. Dumps lubricated and dried powder into hopper of granulator-screener machine. Starts machine that granulates and screens powder. Pours screened powder into jars. Dumps specified amounts of lubricated and screened powder in glass pellet-rolling jars and screws covers on jars. Places jars on rack of rolling machine and starts machine that forms powder into pellets. Separates pellets according to size and places them in jars.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.685-046 SCRAP BALLER (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)

Tends machine that winds metal scrap into balls for salvage: Hooks end of scrap onto reel of machine, using hook or handtool. Starts machine that rotates reel and winds scrap into ball of specified size. Turns lever to eject wound ball from machine. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lower sling, and hooks ball onto sling for removal from work area. Ties ball with wire to prevent unraveling. May grade scrap according to alloy content. May turn reel, manually to wind scrap. May cut scrap metal, using power shear. May weigh scrap metal, using floor scale.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.685-050 SCRAP HANDLER (any industry)

Tends machines, such as baling machine, centrifugal separator, and oil purifier to salvage metal parts and cutting oil: Loads and moves barrels or crates of metal chips, shavings, or clippings from machining operations, using handtruck. Dumps metal scrap into baling machine and activates machine to compress scrap into bales. Binds bales of metal scrap with wire or metal strapping. Shovels scrap in spinner bucket. Clamps covers, sets timer, adjusts sump pump and oil line valves, and flips switches to start automatic cycle of centrifugal machine that spins metal scrap to separate cutting oil from scrap. Starts centrifugal oil purifier that filters foreign matter from used cutting oil to make oil reusable. Disassembles rejected devices and materials, such as thermostats, valves, conduit, and connectors, using handtools, arbor press, vises, and power hacksaw. Sorts parts according to type of metal or part. Weighs bales and barrels of scrap metal and ties identification tags on scrap. May oversee and demonstrate salvaging procedures to other SCRAP HANDLERS (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.685-054 TANK TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that refines silver in electrolysis tank: Suspends silver anodes contained in canvas bags, between stainless-steel cathodes held on rack. Aligns and spaces anodes to prevent dislodging by mechanical scrapers. Swabs cathodes with oil to facilitate removal of deposited silver. Lowers rack of electrodes into tank and fills tank with silver nitrate electrolyte. Connects and starts wooden scrapers that scrape deposited silver from cathode. Scrapes remaining silver from cathode with knife and opens bottom of rack to empty silver into box. Removes bags containing depleted anodes and black mud. Examines bags for holes and broken frames and replaces defective parts. May mix acid and silver to prepare electrolyte solution, following standard formula.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

509.686-014 PASTING-MACHINE OFFBEARER (elec. equip.)

Removes battery plates from discharge conveyor of automatic equipment on which twin battery grids are pasted, dried, and broken apart into single grids: Removes and discards grids having defects such as bent, cracked, or unevenly pasted plates. Stacks specified number of finished plates on rack or dolly. Records number and type of rejected plates.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.686-018 SCRAP SORTER (nonfer. metal) alternate titles: picker

Sorts scrap metal and removes foreign matter preparatory to use in recasting: Shovels metal scrap onto conveyor leading to magnetic drum that removes iron and steel pieces. Removes contaminating nonferrous metals, manually. May sift scrap to remove excess dirt and rust, using wire sifting tray. May remove inserts from defective castings, using gas torch, tongs, and pliers, and be designated Salvager, Inserts (nonfer. metal).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.687-010 BOTTOM MAKER (steel & rel.)

Relines bottoms of ingot-soaking pits with coke dust to retard formation of oxide scale on hot ingots: Digs out molten metal, slag scale, and cinder from bottoms of pits, using flat-pointed bar, and scrapes debris into ladle. Shovels coke dust into pit, using bar to level bottom surface. May change crane tong bits, using sledgehammer.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.687-014 PORCELAIN-ENAMEL LABORER (any industry) alternate titles: check-and-transfer beader

Performs any combination of following tasks, usually on conveyor line, in porcelain enameling process: Brushes or scrapes dry porcelain from holes and designated areas of workpiece, using powered or hand brushes and scraping tools. Inspects enameled workpiece and sands workpiece to remove dirt, blisters, and lumps. Brushes porcelain into nicks. Marks workpiece to indicate routing for further repair or processing. Removes excess enamel from dipped parts with cloth, finger, or suction hose. Marks workpiece with production number, unit number, or other code. Loads or unloads workpieces from conveyor line. Cleans workpiece with solvent and hangs workpiece on rack to dry preparatory to dipping in enamel. May immerse workpiece in porcelain enamel solution. May transport workpiece to work or storage areas, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

509.687-018 STRINGER (jewelry-silver.)

Strings jewelry articles on wire or hangs articles on racks preparatory to further processing, such as soldering, cleaning, plating, or stripping, and carries to machine operator. May clean machines. May be designated according to specific operation performed as Stringer-Up, Soldering Machine (jewelry-silver.).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

509.687-022 WEIGHER, ALLOY (nonfer. metal) alternate titles: charge-gang weigher

Sorts and weighs nonferrous scrap metal and ingots for furnace charges: Separates grades and types of alloys by color or shape of casting and shovels metal into handtrucks. Selects scrap and ingots for furnace charge, according to specifications. Takes sample of furnace melts for laboratory analysis, observes metal in diecasting holding pots and finished castings, or reads label to verify use of specified alloys. May unload box cars of alloy materials. May operate lift truck to transport materials. May charge furnaces with alloy materials.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

509.687-026 LABORER, GENERAL (steel & rel.)

Performs any combination of following tasks to assist workers engaged in production of iron and steel: Feeds and off bears equipment, such as conveyors, pilers, and loaders, to charge furnaces, transport hot metal to rollers, and store finished products. Bundles and ties metal rods, sheets, and wire, using banding machine and handtools. Attaches crane hooks, slings, or cradles to material for moving by OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010. Transports material to and from production stations, using handtruck. Feeds material, such as ganister, magnesite, and limestone into crushers to prepare additives for molten metal. Grinds defects, such as burrs, seams, and scratches from rolled steel, using portable grinder. Sweeps scale from work area and empties dust bins, using wheelbarrow, broom, and shovel. Breaks up manganese and scrap metal to facilitate handling, using sledge and pneumatic hammer. Marks identification numbers on steel billets, using chalk. Verifies dimension of products, using fixed gauge. Wipes grease and oil from machinery with rags and solvent. May be designated Conveyor Feeder (steel & rel.); Crusher Feeder (steel & rel.); Loading Checker (steel & rel.); Marker (steel & rel.); Racker (steel & rel.); Scrap Breaker (steel & rel.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

51 ORE REFINING AND FOUNDRY OCCUPATIONS

This division includes occupations concerned with reducing, smelting, refining, or alloying metalliferous extracted ore, ore concentrate, pig, or scrap; and casting ingots, shapes for further processing, and finished metal products in a foundry.

510 MIXING AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with combining mineral ore with solvents or other amalgams to produce a single mass or compound.

510.465-010 CARBIDE-POWDER PROCESSOR (machine shop)

Tends machine and ovens to mix and dry ingredients used to fabricate carbide cutting-tool inserts, following work orders and charts: Reads work order to determine amount and grade of carbide specified. Computes amounts of ingredients required, using charts. Scoops ingredients from canisters, and weighs ingredients on scale to obtain specified amounts. Pours ingredients into cylindrical-tumbler mixing machine, starts tumbler, and stops it after specified time. Pours mixed ingredients into pans, and places them in decarbonizing oven to dry and burn off impurities. Removes pans from oven, adds other ingredients, and sifts mixture through screen to obtain powder of even consistency. Cleans equipment after each batch.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

510.465-014 SLURRY-CONTROL TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends ball mill and auxiliary equipment that grind bauxite and mix it with materials to form slurry: Computes amounts of bauxite, starch, and liquor in specified proportion, using weightometer. Turns valves on ball mill to grind bauxite. Turns valves on pumps to release liquor and starch from storage bins and to mix them with bauxite to form slurry. Starts pumps to transfer slurry to digester feed tanks. Opens and closes valves to pump sodium sulfide solution into slurry. Lubricates valves with grease gun, and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

510.685-010 DUST MIXER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends machines that mix flue dust and milk of lime to facilitate reprocessing in copper smelter: Starts screw conveyor and opens valves and hopper gate to start flow of lime solution and flue dust into mixer. Starts mixer, observes mixture for consistency, and adjusts flow rate to attain specified consistency. Stops flow of ingredients into mixing tank, and draws sample for laboratory analysis. Starts pump to transfer mix to filtering process. Cleans mixer after each batch. Records number of mixes, test results, and amount mixed on production forms.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

510.685-014 MIX-HOUSE TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends machine that mixes sintered lead or zinc ore with materials, such as pulverized coal and coke, salt, water, skimmings, and chemical solutions preparatory to smelting: Starts rotary-drum or paddle-type mixing machine. Squeezes handful of mixture into lump and crumbles it to determine consistency and moisture content of mixture. Turns valves to add water or chemical solution to mixture. May scoop samples of mixed ore into bucket for laboratory analysis. May be designated according to type of mixer tended as Mixing-Pan Tender (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

510.685-018 MIXER (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.) alternate titles: blender

Tends mixing machines that blend batches of powdered metal, according to specifications: Weighs out specified amounts of materials, using scales. Dumps powders into mixing machine, such as tumbling-barrel or paddle-type mixer, and starts motor. Stops motor after specified time, and dumps mixture into containers.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

510.685-022 PUG-MILL OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: mixer tender

Tends pug mill that mixes preheated magnesia and carbon with hot asphalt to form viscous mixture for use in making pellets: Moves lever to open slide gate at outlet of heating chamber to permit heated mixture of magnesia and carbon to flow into pug mill. Opens and regulates valves to control flow of hot asphalt into mill. Opens valves to feed mixture into hoppers of briquetting machine.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

510.685-026 SINTER-MACHINE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.)

Tends sintering machine and auxiliary equipment, such as conveyors, pug mill, and suction fan, to produce sinter cake from finely ground iron ore, lead, coke, and flue dust: Turns gas valve of sintering machine and ignites burner with torch. Moves controls on panelboard to start equipment. Signals SINTER FEEDER (steel & rel.) to feed pug mill conveyor specified amounts of sinter material. Feels mixture processed by pug mill to determine moisture content. Moves controls to regulate water supply to pug mill to attain specified moisture in mixture. Examines sinter cake produced by sintering machine and moves controls of machine to produce cake to specifications. Chips sinter material from chutes and spouts of machine, using bar and hammer. Records weight and type of materials used.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

510.685-030 SLIME-PLANT OPERATOR I (smelt. & refin.)

Tends agitation tanks that mix copper ore slime and acid solution preparatory to precipitation of copper: Turns valves to regulate flow of slime and sulfuric acid from storage tanks into agitation tanks. Tests samples of solution for alkalinity or acidity, using filter paper, or by means of titration. Combines samples of solution from various stages of process for laboratory analysis. May dry, grind, or screen combined sample.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

511 SEPARATING, FILTERING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with setting apart desirable materials in ore or concentrate by such means as forcing or drawing it through filtering devices by suction or pressure, sifting, straining, squeezing, centrifugal force, flotation, leaching, amalgamation, electrolysis, distillation, precipitation, or agitating devices.

511.130-010 ALUMINA-PLANT SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: line supervisor; shift adjuster

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in extracting alumina from bauxite: Calculates feed rates of raw materials, using formulas and chemical analysis reports. Inspects machines and equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

511.132-010 PRECIPITATOR SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating electrostatic dust precipitators to control emission of air pollutants or to salvage usable dust from flue: Inspects precipitators in service to determine adjustments required, and out-of-service precipitators for need of maintenance and repair. Trains new workers in adjusting operation and $T3rapping,$T1 and explains plant layout, working procedures, and safety regulations. May notify air and water pollution-control personnel when operating difficulties cause deviations from pollution standards. May be designated according to type of precipitation as Stack Supervisor (smelt. & refin.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.135-010 FILTER-PLANT SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in tending machines and equipment, such as screens, settlers, flotation cells, thickeners, or filterers, to process ore concentrate and slurry: Inspects machines, equipment, and conveyor systems to detect mechanical defects or malfunctions, and assigns workers to make repairs or adjustments. Observes workers to ensure compliance with safety regulations. Instructs new employees in machine and equipment operation. May be designated according to process supervised as Dewatering-Filtering Supervisor (smelt. & refin.); Flotation Supervisor (smelt. & refin.); Screen Supervisor (smelt. & refin.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

511.382-010 TUNGSTEN REFINER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: chemical operator

Controls chemical-processing equipment to recover tungsten oxide from ground concentrated ore: Starts conveyor to fill reactor tank with ore. Turns valves to pump specified quantity of hydrochloric acid into tank and to admit steam into tank jacket. Observes temperature gauge and adjusts valves to maintain acid solution at specified temperature for specified time. Fills tank with water to wash slurry, and drains waste-bearing water. Turns valve to pour slurry into caustic tank. Precipitates impurities, such as chlorides and oxides, by adding ammonia and sulfuric acid to solution. Filters solution into holding tank to remove precipitate. Adds specified amount of hydrochloric acid to tank to crystallize solution. Dries tungsten oxide crystals by pumping them through filter or centrifuge.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.385-010 ZINC-CHLORIDE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that separates zinc chloride from slag: Breaks up slag, using sledgehammer. Loads slag into water-filled tank, using hoist. Agitates solution to dissolve zinc chloride from slag, using airhose. Determines specific gravity and acidity of solution, using hydrometer and chemical reagents. Pumps impurities from solution through filters. Samples solution and observes its color to determine need for additional reagents and agitation. Pumps treated solution to tank cars or drums. Cleans sediment from equipment, using shovel and water hose, and replaces filter cloths.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.462-010 CONCENTRATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls machines and equipment from instrumented control board to scrub, condition, float, classify, and convey phosphate rock for use in fertilizer and phosphoric acid: Monitors recording instruments, gauges, panel lights, and other indicators, and listens for warning signal to verify conformance to plant standards. Turns screws and knobs on control board to adjust flow of reagents, airflow, phosphate-rock feed rate, and conveyor belts. Observes flotation tanks to determine amount of sand clinging to rock, cyclones to detect presence of solids, and classifiers to detect wobble in or uneven feed rate of screw. Reports belt weight, amount and evenness of feed rate, waterflow amount, and specific density of slurry to mine, using telephone. Weighs samples from scrubber and conditioner to determine that amount of reagents in tank meets specifications. Reviews laboratory test results and makes adjustments required on control board. Inspects machines and equipment for potential and actual hazards, wear, leaks, and mechanical malfunctions requiring maintenance. Collects samples at various stage of operation for laboratory analysis. Records instrument readings, process conditions, and other operating data in shift log. Manually regulates or shuts down equipment as directed by supervisor. May tag samples collected for laboratory analysis. May assist in making mechanical repairs to machines and equipment during shutdown.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

511.465-010 TOP-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends battery of tanks that precipitate aluminum hydroxide from rich liquor: Schedules filling, seeding, and emptying of precipitator tanks. Opens feedline valves to fill tanks to designated levels with liquor and alumina seed slurry. Adjusts valves to regulate rate of filling precipitators and to maintain specified level in green-liquor tanks. Opens feedline valves to admit measured quantities of aluminum hydrate seed particles into precipitators. Turns valves to agitate mixture with compressed air. Turns valves to control flow of liquor to tanks of secondary thickness. Weighs sample of mixture in flask on platform scale. Reads charts and graphs to determine amount of slurry or liquor required to obtain specified consistency. Signals BOTTOM-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) to pump mixture from tanks. Records sequence of operations on forms. May lubricate valves and adjust packing glands to prevent leaks.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.482-010 CONTROL OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls temperature, chemical composition, and level of cryolite baths in reduction pots to smelt aluminum oxide into aluminum: Breaks off sample piece of crust formed on bath surface, and grinds it into powder, using roll crusher. Routes sample to laboratory for analysis. Dips out sample of solution and pours it into containers, using ladle. Drops chemicals into sample and notes resultant color. Adds specified amounts of chemicals and alloys to bath, according to color shade of sample, to maintain solution at specified level and composition. Measures current flow and voltage between electrical connections on pots, using meters, and computes voltage drop between connections. Measures temperature of bath, heat exchangers, and heat-control pipes, using pyrometer, and turns rheostat to regulate temperature. Verifies specified distance between electrodes, using measuring rod. Measures depth of bath, and computes amount of aluminum available for tapping. Records tests made, amount of chemicals and alloys added to bath, and amount of aluminum tapped from pots.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.482-014 CRYOLITE-RECOVERY OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Operates machines to recover cryolite from scrap potlining: Sets mill gauge to specified feed rate and adjusts air volume, according to screen analysis from laboratory. Sets hearth rheostats and heat controller to specified temperature, and turns valves to adjust rate of flow of steam and oil to burners. Starts system of conveyors, grinder, roaster, mixer equipment, cooling and exhaust fans, and burners. Moves levers to regulate flow of materials, and adjusts valve to control volume of liquor. Turns valve to drain spent liquor and lime hydrate to $T3causticizer$T1 tanks. Makes titration test, records results, and sends samples to laboratory. Observes gauges, indicators, thermometers, and controls to ensure conformity to specifications.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.482-018 DUST-COLLECTOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: dust operator

Operates battery of electrical precipitators to collect metallic dust particles from fumes of smelting ore: Observes ammeters and voltmeters and moves panel controls to regulate flow of electric current to precipitators according to type of ore being smelted, or according to amount of draft, moisture content of dust, and color of stack emission. Switches off electric current. Replaces broken wire in precipitators, using pliers. May turn valves to spray acid and water into chambers to oxidize dust particles. May pull levers to actuate airhammers that knock dust from electrodes.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.485-010 MOLYBDENUM-STEAMER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that removes reagent from molybdenum ore concentrate: Installs different-size orifices to regulate flow of solids and liquids into vats. Adjusts steam valve to maintain concentrate at specified steaming point. Draws sample to determine alkalinity of concentrate, using titration test. Regulates flow of lime solution into vats according to alkalinity test readings to neutralize acids. Weighs sample and compares it with standard chart to determine percentage of solids in concentrate. Inserts airhose into vats to clear clogged outlets.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.485-014 THICKENER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends thickeners that separate waste solids from ore solutions or water, preparatory to recovery of metal or disposal of waste: Turns valves to regulate flow of mixture into thickeners. Inserts indicator into mixture to measure sludge level. Observes operation of equipment, overflow of concentrated metal solution, and flow of sludge from tank. Breaks up sedimentation in troughs with wooden paddle. Prepares sample of sludge for chemical analysis by weighing sample, adding acid to facilitate settling of solids, and reducing amount of sample to desired proportion in splitter. May titrate sample and compare resultant color with standard chart to test overflow solution for metallic content. May add chemicals to soften water in tanks. May fill out forms for scale readings and details of malfunctions. May be designated according to kind of materials separated as Red-Mud Thickener Operator (smelt. & refin.); Tailing-Thickener Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.562-010 CLASSIFIER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: hydrate-thickener operator; tray thickener operator

Operates classifier units to separate coarse and fine precipitated alumina particles from liquor: Regulates valves on settling trays of hydroseparators to draw fine particles from top and coarse particles from bottom of trays. Adjusts valves to wash liquor from coarse particles in classifier unit. Pumps fine hydrate from underflow of tray thickeners to storage tank for use in precipitating more alumina, and pumps coarse particles to storage tanks to await further processing. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks. May open and close valves and start and stop pumps to circulate cleaning solutions through process lines. May keep log of operations.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.565-010 DEWATERER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: kiln-head house operator

Tends dewatering machines that filter moist solid aluminum hydroxide from coarse slurry: Turns valves to regulate flow of slurry and wash water to dewaterers and to admit solids to kilns, according to temperature readings, alumina-quality reports, and discharge rates given by KILN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.). Adjusts valves to maintain supply of water for vacuum pumps, wash water, and water-cooled bearings. Regulates valves in cooperation with other operators to obtain balancing levels in filtrate tanks, hydrate storage tanks, and hydrate storage overflow tanks. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks. Changes automatic recording charts in machines. Records tank levels and density readings of hydrate in log. May tend dust-recovery system.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.565-014 DRIER TENDER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: drier operator; rotary-drier operator

Tends oil-fired, rotary, magnetic drier that removes oil and iron from aluminum-scrap turnings: Ignites burner, and adjusts mixture of oil and air to obtain desired temperature. Starts drier, and turns on current to remove iron magnetically. Signals workers to load scrap into drier, and regulates rate of feed in accordance with oil content of scrap. Places wheelbarrow at discharge end of drier to receive processed turnings. Weighs filled wheelbarrow, records weight, and dumps load onto pile.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.565-018 IRON-LAUNDER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends iron launders that precipitate copper from solution: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to load launders with shredded tin cans (iron). Starts pumps and turns valves to regulate flow of solution through series of launders to ensure maximum precipitation of copper. Measures copper content of solution at various stages of processing by titration tests. Adds iron to launders to maintain maximum recovery of copper. Excavates precipitated copper from launders and cleans tanks. Keeps record of titration tests.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.582-010 LEACHER (smelt. & refin.)

Controls equipment to leach out metal from ore in solution: Weighs sample of solution and evaporates moisture from it, using heater. Reweighs sample to determine percentage of solid material in solution. Siphons water from solution to obtain specified concentration, following chart. Turns valves to feed chemicals, such as cyanide or acid, into tank of ground ore or filtered slime. Starts mechanical agitators and observes percolation of solution to ascertain dissolution of ore. Tests solution with hydrometer to determine degree of ore concentration. Obtains sample of solution for laboratory analysis. May supervise workers in loading and excavating leaching tanks. May tend filtering machine to separate fluids from metal. May tend pumps to force ground ore and solution into or from tanks. May lubricate equipment and clean tank with water hose. May heat solution in tank with steam and add premeasured amounts of solid materials, such as manganese. May be designated according to ore leached as Molybdenum-Leaching-Plant Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

511.585-010 HYDRATE-CONTROL TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that pumps aluminum hydrate from secondary thickeners through wash tanks to storage tanks: Turns valves to regulate amount of hydrate flowing into thickeners and washing tanks to maintain specified density of hydrate. Adjusts valves and pumps to transfer hydrate from secondary thickeners through wash tanks into seed storage tanks. Tests sample of hydrate to determine its density, using hydrometer. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks. Keeps operating log.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.586-010 TOP-PRECIPITATOR-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists TOP-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in precipitating aluminum hydroxide from rich liquor: Opens valves and starts pumps to fill precipitators according to schedule and to add specified seed charges to tanks as directed, using levelometer to determine amount of seed added. Raises and lowers circulating lines, using electric hoist. Drops metal weights from tops of tanks to break scale and crust formations in empty tanks. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks. Examines precipitator tanks for adequate circulation and empty tanks for cleanliness. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

511.662-010 CLARIFIER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls equipment that separates mud from alumina liquor and recovers soda from mud: Pumps thickened mud to washers and turns valves to regulate flow of water into washers. Turns valves to release specified amount of mud into washers to maintain sludge balance. Turns valves to pump sediments from washer into earthen thickeners. Opens valves to introduce starch into mud settlement and to regulate flow of milk of lime at specified rates. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands, using grease guns and wrench.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.664-010 BOTTOM-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Empties slurry from precipitator tanks as directed by TOP-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.): Starts and stops pumps to transfer slurry to thickener tanks. Adjusts valves to control rate of discharge of slurry and to maintain required level of mixture in equalizer tanks. Removes barrel flanges, using handtools. Cleans precipitator barrels and screen boxes, using hose and cleanup tools. Cleans airline of precipitator tank, using metal rod. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.667-010 CLARIFIER-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists CLARIFIER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in separating mud from alumina liquor and in recovering soda from mud: Turns valves to flush lines. Turns valves to divert flow of alumina liquor through standby equipment as directed by CLARIFIER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.). Reads tank gauge and records sludge levels of mud settlers and washers. Takes sample of mud sediments and weighs it to determine density. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks, using grease gun and wrench. Cleans screen boxes. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.667-014 COLOR TESTER (smelt. & refin.)

Collects and tests samples of copper-ore slurries: Draws samples from processing tanks or vats at specified times and locations, and labels containers with identifying data. Weighs samples, compares color against chart, and measures acidity or alkalinity, using pH meter. Records test results on product-control forms. Observes equipment during rounds to detect malfunctions, and notifies FILTER-PLANT SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.) of irregularities.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.682-010 DUST COLLECTOR, ORE CRUSHING (smelt. & refin.)

Operates dust-collecting equipment in crushing department of copper refinery to recover dust from ore: Starts feed conveyors, suction fans, impellers, and electrodes, and moves controls to regulate dampers, equalizing ports, and water eliminators. Turns valves to fill and maintain level of water in tanks. Observes operation of equipment and filling of collected dust in hoppers to ensure efficient operation. Inspects and cleans water eliminators, impellers, hopper walls, air chambers, fan housings and wheels, safety switches, and water-level control devices, using water and airhose. Removes and cleans strainers in waterlines. Adjusts and tightens belts on motors or pulley wheels to maintain tension, using handtools. Lubricates motors and exhaust bearings.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.685-010 AMALGAMATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that separates gold or silver from ground ore by mercury amalgamation process, using either of following methods: (1) Turns valves or opens gates to regulate flow of ore and water over mercury-coated plates. Adjusts angle of plates to facilitate collection of amalgam. Scrapes accumulated amalgam from plates and coats plates with mercury. (2) Turns valves or opens gates to charge ground ore and mercury into rotating-type barrels or agitating-type tanks. Starts equipment and observes accumulation of amalgam. Discharges or drains barrel or tank to recover gold or silver amalgam.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.685-014 CLASSIFIER TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that separates crushed ore into sands (coarse particles) and slimes (fine particles), preparatory to concentration of metal: Starts equipment, and regulates flow of crushed ore, water, and flotation reagent into classifiers which separate coarse particles by raking mechanism or swirling action of water while fine particles are carried off in overflow. Observes meter indicating alkalinity of slime, and adds lime solution, as necessary. Removes sand to prevent clogging by flushing or pulling lever on classifier to dump it. May lubricate machines. May replace defective parts, using handtools. May be designated according to type of classifier used as Cone-Classifier Tender (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-018 CONDENSER-TUBE TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends battery of condenser tubes in which gaseous mercury is condensed into liquid mercury: Places water-filled buckets at base of each tube to collect liquid mercury. Removes buckets as mercury accumulates, pours off water, and strains mercury into steel flask. Pours mixture of water, mercury, and dust onto sloping table, adds quicklime, and stirs mixture with hoe to separate remaining mercury from sediment.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

511.685-022 DUST-COLLECTOR ATTENDANT (mine & quarry)

Tends equipment that washes taconite ore dust collected from air: Starts dust collection equipment and turns valves to adjust pressure to required level as indicated by manometer. Examines parts of dust collector, such as pipes, nozzles, strainers, and collection surfaces, for pluggings, breaks, leaks, and residue. Closes water valves and stops pumps to permit cleaning and repairing of equipment. Washes residue from collection surfaces, pumps, hoppers, and fans, using water hose. Turns threaded water nozzles into fittings to change type of nozzle or to replace defective ones. Removes mesh strainers and cleans them, using airhose. Tightens glands on pumps and valves, using wrenches. May record gauge readings. May tend equipment that extracts carbon dust from air.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.685-026 FLOTATION TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends flotation machines that separate metals from gangue of ore: Turns valves to regulate flow of pulp and reagents into cells. Turns valves to introduce compressed air into cells to agitate mixture and to promote froth that carries metallic particles to surface of liquid and deposits them through side opening of cell into launders. May tend cells that are agitated either mechanically or by air, or combination of both. May lubricate and repair machines. May be designated according to metal separated as Copper-Flotation Operator (smelt. & refin.); Molybdenum-Flotation Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-030 KETTLE TENDER II (smelt. & refin.)

Tends gas-fired kettle that removes gold, silver, and copper from black mud: Shovels mud into kettle, and turns valve to admit acid until mud is covered. Rakes mud to dissolve gold and silver. Ladles solution into water-filled settling tank to precipitate gold and silver compounds. Removes precipitates and adds reagents to change their chemical composition. Heats precipitates in cupola furnace to extract gold and silver. Ladles remaining mud into tank filled with water and admits steam to dissolve copper.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-034 KETTLE TENDER, PLATINUM AND PALLADIUM (smelt. & refin.)

Tends gas-fired evaporator that recovers gold, platinum, and palladium from electrolyte used in gold-refining tanks: Adds liquid and gaseous reagents to electrolyte and heats it in evaporator to precipitate metals. Separates each precipitate from solution, using porcelain filters. Heats platinum and palladium precipitates in crucible furnaces to make $T3sponge.$T1 Breaks up sponge preparatory to shipment, using pliers.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-038 PRECIPITATOR I (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that precipitates gold or silver from cyanide solution: Packs zinc shavings into compartments of zinc boxes. Regulates flow of solution through boxes where gold or silver precipitates on zinc. Shuts off flow of solution and turns on water. Agitates shavings to remove precipitate. Pulls plugs and draws off slime (precipitate and water) from boxes. Treats slime with sulfuric acid. Turns slime solution into filter press that filters solution and removes precipitate residue. Washes precipitate with water under pressure, and dries it with compressed air.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-042 PRECIPITATOR II (smelt. & refin.)

Tends tanks that precipitate uranium oxide from solution of uranium nitrate: Moves pump controls and turns valves to regulate flow of uranium nitrate solution into precipitation tank. Starts tank agitator and turns valve to feed specified amount of ammonia into tank. Dumps specified amount of magnesium oxide from bags into tank. Turns off agitator after specified period to allow uranium oxide to settle. Pumps tank underflow to automatic drier and tank overflow to thickener.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-046 REAGENT TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends mechanical agitator that mixes chemicals for use in separating metallic particles from ore gangue: Turns valves to pour specified amounts of chemical solutions from storage tanks into mixing tank. Weighs chemical compounds on scales, and dumps chemicals into mixing tanks, using forklift truck. Starts agitator to blend mixture. Turns valves on pumps to transfer mixture to storage tank. May weigh steel rods and balls and transport them to mills, using air-powered dinkey engine. May open chute door of storage tank to charge ball mills.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-050 SCREEN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends series of vibrating screens that separate crushed ore or stone according to size: Pushes controls to start screens vibrating and move ore on conveyors or belts. Pulls levers to discharge crushed ore from conveyor or chute onto vibrating screens. Clears screen holes clogged with oversize ore, using bar. Removes clogged screens, using wrenches, and cleans them with compressed air. May tend conveyor belts and process ore through crushers [CRUSHER TENDER (smelt. & refin.)]. May obtain ore samples, using mechanical sampler, hand sieve, or splitter. May tend screens that separate phosphate rock from matrix and be designated Feed-Preparation Operator (mine & quarry).
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-054 SLIME-PLANT OPERATOR II (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment, such as grinders, leachers, filters, pressers, and evaporators that recover gold, silver, selenium, and other minerals from impurities: Grinds impure slag or ore in ball mill, and mixes slag with water to form slurry. Turns valves and starts pumps to force mixture into leaching tanks. Starts agitators and adds chemicals to leach combined solutions. Starts pumps to force leached solution into settling tanks, and installs orifices to control rate of flow of sediment and liquids to and from settling tanks to remove liquid. Feeds settled solution through rotary-drum filters, and presses filtered slime in press [FILTER-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry)]. Boils selenium residue to remove moisture for barreling. Obtains and weighs samples of slimes during process, using container and platform scales, and delivers samples to laboratory for analysis. Drains and cleans tanks, wire screens, inflow pipes, and equipment with water hose. May be designated according to mineral recovered as Selenium-Plant Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-058 SLIME-PLANT-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists SLIME-PLANT OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) II in separating ore concentrate from slurry: Turns valves to regulate flow of liquids into tank. Observes operation of filters and notifies SLIME-PLANT OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) II of malfunctions. Replaces worn filters, using handtools. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands. May record operating data in log. May tend overhead bridge crane to transport filters and equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.685-062 TABLE TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends concentrating tables that separate valuable metals from gangue of ore and scrap: Turns valves to regulate flow of pulp onto tables. Regulates speed of reciprocating tables to effect maximum separation and recovery of metals. Adjusts slope of tables to establish line of separation between ore and gangue and between valuable metal and scrap. Repairs tables, and adjusts and lubricates driving mechanism. May be designated according to materials processed as Table Tender, Sludge (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

511.685-066 TROMMEL TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends trommel (revolving drumlike sieve) that washes copper precipitate from scrap iron: Starts previously loaded trommel and turns on water sprays. Pumps precipitated copper and water mixture into settling tank. Shovels spilled scrap iron back into tank. Lubricates trommel bearings, and washes copper from equipment with water hose. May line bottom of railroad car with precut wooden boards preparatory to loading car with copper.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

511.686-010 REAGENT TENDER HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists REAGENT TENDER (smelt. & refin.) in separating metallic particles from gangue of ore: Connects air line and line from storage tank to tank car, using handtools. Turns valves to release air pressure into lines, and observes connections for leaks. Turns valves to pump chemical solutions, such as chlorine, caustic soda, and fuel oils, from tank cars into storage tanks. May weigh steel rods and balls and transport them to mills, using air-powered dinkey engine. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

511.687-010 BLANKET WASHER (smelt. & refin.)

Cleans flannel blankets over which mixture of finely ground gold ore and cyanide solution from grinding mills is passed to collect free particles of gold not dissolved by cyanide: Collects blankets from frames at outflow point of mills. Washes blankets in pans of weak cyanide solution to dislodge gold particles so they may be collected in amalgamation process. Replaces blankets on frames after washing.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

511.687-014 DUST COLLECTOR-TREATER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: rapper

Assists DUST-COLLECTOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in collecting metallic dust particles from fumes of smelting copper ore: Pushes switches to shut off electric current to precipitators, and observes amount of dust accumulated on electrode pipes and plates. Pulls levers to start hammers that knock dust from electrodes into collecting chambers. Opens chamber doors and blows down dust remaining in chamber, using airhose. Replaces broken wires in precipitators, using pliers. Turns valves to add acid solution and water to chambers to cool and treat fumes. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May be designated Acid Conditioner (smelt. & refin.); Cottrell Blower (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.687-018 FLOTATION-TENDER HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Scrapes caked waste material from sides of flotation cells, and washes cells with water. May ream out air passages of agitators, using steel rod. May collect samples of pulp and concentrate at prescribed intervals for analysis. May assist in dismantling and repair of equipment. May record details of operating conditions in log.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

511.687-022 SKIMMER, REVERBERATORY (smelt. & refin.)

Skims slag from surface of copper being refined in reverberatory furnace: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lower pan, and positions it in front of slag tapping hole. Inserts wood pole through door in side of furnace, working pole back and forth to push slag toward front of furnace. Drags slag from surface of copper into pan, using steel hoe. Inserts compressed-air line through furnace opening, and turns valve to force air through molten metal to oxidize impurities. May shovel coke over surface of skimmed metal to prevent excess oxidation.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

511.687-026 TAILINGS-DAM LABORER (smelt. & refin.)

Directs waste ore materials through pipelines into tailings basin: Opens and closes spigots to regulate flow of tailings. Connects hoses to spigots and adds pipes to lengthen discharge lines, using wrenches. Distributes tailings evenly in basin to form dam of waste materials. Digs ditches with shovel to drain water.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

512 MELTING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with heating ore concentrate or metal to change it from solid to liquid for such purposes as compounding with other materials, refining, and preparing for casting.

512.130-010 REDUCTION-PLANT SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation and maintenance of aluminum-reduction pots. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.132-010 MELTER SUPERVISOR (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating open-hearth, electric-arc, or oxygen furnaces to produce steel: Directs workers in charging furnace with specified raw material and in taking temperature tests of molten metal. Observes color of molten metal through cobalt-blue glasses, and orders changes in furnace temperature. Coordinates charging and melting with molding and pouring operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of furnace as Melter Supervisor, Electric-Arc Furnace (steel & rel.); Melter Supervisor, Open-Hearth Furnace (steel & rel.); Melter Supervisor, Oxygen Furnace (steel & rel.).
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.132-014 RECLAMATION SUPERVISOR (nonfer. metal)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in melting reclaimed dross and scalpings, casting molten scrap into ingots, and alloying aluminum with metals, such as copper, nickel, and iron: Inspects condition (paper-covered, dirty, glass-mixed) and type of incoming scrap to determine melting process, and records information on planning chart. Confers with other departments to determine alloys to be used and priority of casting. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.132-018 REMELT-FURNACE EXPEDITER (nonfer. metal)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in tapping remelt furnaces, and in fluxing aluminum alloy preparatory to casting: Directs workers in tapping of aluminum alloy from remelt furnaces into ladles and in introducing chlorine gas into ladles to flux molten alloys. Directs OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 in moving ladles from tapping position to casting units. Records temperature and time of tapping furnaces and of fluxing ladles. May supervise workers engaged in collecting and weighing charges of aluminum and other metals for melting into alloys and be designated Metal Expediter (nonfer. metal). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.132-022 SUPERVISOR, BLAST FURNACE (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in controlling blast furnaces to smelt concentrates of lead ore preparatory to refining it. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.135-010 POT-ROOM SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in tending reduction pots to smelt aluminum oxide into aluminum: Observes gas flames, warning lights, and voltmeters on pots to verify specified voltage input. Signals POT TENDER (smelt. & refin.) to raise and lower anode to restore pot to normal operation. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

512.362-010 FIRST HELPER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: melter assistant; open-hearth-furnace operator

Operates open-hearth furnaces to produce specified types of steel: Examines raw materials for conformance to specifications. Signals CHARGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to place materials in furnace. Turns fuel, air, and steam controls to adjust fuel mixtures and draft. Moves levers to circulate gas throughout furnace to distribute heat and prevent burning out of furnace walls. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to pour molten metal in furnace. Obtains sample of metal, using long-handled spoon, and pours sample into test mold. Tests sample for carbon content, using carbon analyzer. Moves controls to open furnace doors, and shovels additives, such as fluorspar, lime, and alloys, into furnace to obtain specified type of steel. Determines temperature of metal, using thermocouple. Observes color of molten metal through cobalt-blue glasses to determine when to tap furnace and notifies MELTER SUPERVISOR (steel & rel.). Directs crew in tapping furnace and adding specified additives to ladle. Records operational data on forms. Examines furnace to determine repairs needed, and directs crew in repairing furnace walls and flooring.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

512.362-014 FURNACE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)

Controls furnace to refine or melt nonferrous ore or metal to specifications: Sets furnace controls to regulate flow of air, gas, oil, or current to heat metal to specified temperature. Observes color, fluidity of molten bath, and appearance of metal on bar, to estimate temperature, or measures temperature, using pyrometer. Inserts end of green pole into furnace to prevent oxidation of copper. Adds reagents to remove impurities, according to type of metal processed. Skims slag with rabble, dross hoe, or ladle. Opens blowers to force air through tuyeres to agitate bath, and stirs bath with wooden pole or iron rod to release oxygen. Seals taphole with fire clay and firebrick. Turns handwheel or moves lever to tilt or turn furnace and taps metal into pots for removal to other furnaces [TAPPER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)]. Lifts and transfers ladles of melt, using hoist. Sprays dore or silver crystals with water, and dries them with vacuum drier prior to melting. Samples materials and sends samples to laboratory for analysis [RAW SAMPLER (smelt. & refin.)]. Sprays molds with bone ash to prevent metal from adhering to mold. May replace defective parts or clean equipment. May operate puncher to clear tuyere holes and allow air to pass through molten copper in converters to burn off impurities. May be designated according to type of furnace operated or product processed.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

512.362-018 FURNACE OPERATOR (foundry; steel & rel.) alternate titles: air-furnace operator; caster, investment casting; pit-furnace melter; rotary-furnace operator

Controls gas, oil, coal, electric-arc, or electric induction furnace to melt metal prior to casting: Weighs out specified amounts of metal ingots and scrap metal, and charges metal into furnace by hand, using hoist, or by directing crane operator to charge furnace. Loads molten metal into furnace, using transfer ladle. Turns valves to regulate injection of fuel and air into furnace, or moves controls to regulate flow of electricity and water coolant through electrodes to heat furnace to specified temperature. Observes color of metal and instruments, such as voltmeter, ammeter, wattmeter, and pyrometer, and adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature. Sprinkles fluxing agent over surface of molten metal to bring impurities to surface, forming layer of slag. Skims off slag, using strainer. Removes crucible containing molten metal from furnace, using hoist, moves levers to tilt crucible or open crucible door, or breaks clay plug to pour metal into ladle for transportation to molds. Removes test sample of molten metal from crucible, using hand ladle, and pours it into mold. Records data from each melt on form. Positions new electrodes over worn electrodes in electric-arc furnace, using overhead crane, and screws electrodes together, using chain wrench. May transport crucible or ladle to pouring station and pour metal into molds. May be designated according to type of furnace operated as Electric-Arc-Furnace Operator (foundry; smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.); Furnace Operator, Oil Or Gas (foundry); Induction-Furnace Operator (foundry); Tilting-Furnace Operator, Oil Or Gas (foundry).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

512.382-010 OXYGEN-FURNACE OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Operates oxygen furnace and auxiliary equipment from pulpit to produce specified types of steel: Moves controls to position furnace for charging operation. Observes temperature gauges and recorders, and moves controls to position oxygen lance and regulate flow of oxygen through lance onto charge. Sets weight indicator gauge according to specified amount of additives to be added to charge. Starts automatic weighing machine that releases additives, such as fluorspar, lime, and alloys, from bins onto conveyor leading to chute over furnace. Moves lever to release additives from chute into furnace. Moves controls to adjust position of oxygen lance in furnace, regulate oxygen flow, or adjust hood draft when sparking or slopping of charge occurs or furnace overheats. Moves controls to position transfer car, carrying ladle and slag pots, under taphole and to tilt furnace for tapping operation. Records operation data.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

512.382-014 STOVE TENDER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: hot blaster

Operates battery of gas-fired stoves to supply heated airblast to blast furnace: Turns gas valves and ignites burners in combustion chamber of stove, using torch. Observes temperature records, and moves controls to close gas and chimney valves when heat inside stove reaches specified temperature. Opens valves on stove allowing air from blowing engine to pass through hot-blast stove into furnace. Adjusts stove controls to maintain specified temperature of airblast. Alternates operation among stoves in battery to provide continuous blast of hot air. Cleans carbon and dirt from flues to prevent internal explosions. Inspects cooling and washing equipment for leaks. Assists furnace crew in casting hot metal and flushing slag from furnace.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

512.382-018 TIN RECOVERY WORKER (smelt. & refin.)

Controls scruff and burn-off furnaces and auxiliary equipment to reclaim tin or terne from coating pots, tinplate, and used electrolytic anodes: Washes scruff with hose to remove flux. Starts crushing machine, and shovels scruff into machine to reduce scruff to uniform size. Charges scruff into furnace, and ignites gas burner with torch. Adjusts heat controls to obtain specified temperature for reclaiming metal from scruff. Breaks up lumps in scruff, using rake and hoe. Turns valves to tap furnace and allow reclaimed metal to flow into iron kettle or melting pot. Heats kettle, and skims foreign metal from top, using ladle. Adds specified amounts of tin or lead in producing terne. Pours metal into pig or electrolytic anode molds. Weighs and records amount of recovered metal. Marks weight on pigs, and stores pigs in warehouse.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

512.467-010 POTLINE MONITOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tests electrical circuitry and measures temperature and depth level of materials in aluminum reduction pots: Places contact rods of voltmeter against anode of reduction pot and against lining (cathode) of next pot on line to obtain voltage reading of pot circuit. Records meter reading, repeats test on next pot, and deducts reading from previous reading to determine any power loss. Repeats test on each succeeding pot to obtain and record power loss at each point along potline. Removes concrete sections of floor, using overhead hoist, to expose electrical circuits. Places prongs of millivoltmeter on ground and electrical connections to measure amount of positive and negative charges entering pot. Inspects electrical connections, firebrick lining, and wiring to detect damaged, worn, or broken parts, and notifies POT-ROOM SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.) of discrepancies. Breaks hole in pot crust with crowbar, and inserts thermocouple to measure temperature of contents. Measures depth of contents, using measuring rod, and records temperature and depth on control form. Dips ladle into pot to remove sample of aluminum for laboratory analysis, and pours sample into mold. Records test readings, voltage loss, temperatures, and depth levels on master control form, and submits it to POT-ROOM SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

512.487-010 METAL CONTROL WORKER (foundry)

Weighs alloy, shot, or strips of metal to obtain specified amounts required by FURNACE OPERATOR (foundry; steel & rel.), using platform scale: Cuts bar stock to specified lengths, using power saw. Stamps code on bar to indicate alloy and heat number. Places pelletized metal in barrels. Records weight and kind of metals issued in logbook. Delivers specified metal to FURNACE OPERATOR (foundry; steel & rel.), using handtruck or industrial truck. May verify incoming metal shipments against invoice, store metal, and maintain inventory of metal on hand.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.662-010 CUPOLA TENDER (foundry) alternate titles: furnace tender

Controls cupola furnace to melt and refine iron, scrap metal, and other additives to produce gray iron castings: Closes and props door in bottom of cupola. Shovels sand into cupola and tamps sand to form wedge-shaped layer on cupola bottom sloping toward taphole. Kindles fire, using gas torch, to ignite coke bed in cupola, and starts and sets speed of blowers that supply air to cupola. Signals CUPOLA CHARGER (foundry) 512.686-010 to begin charging metal, coke, and limestone into cupola. Reads gauges indicating temperature of molten metal in cupola and amount of air flowing into and out of cupola, and adjusts controls accordingly. Taps molten metal from cupola. Estimates, from color of slag draining from surface of molten metal, physical properties of metal being melted. Pulls prop from bottom doors of cupola, when shutting down furnace, to allow residual materials to drop out. May charge layer of excelsior, rags, and wood over sand bed to protect cupola from initial charge of coke and to ignite fuel.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

512.666-010 FURNACE HELPER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)

Assists FURNACE OPERATOR (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.) by performing any combination of following duties: Seals furnace opening with fire clay and firebrick, using paddle and shovel. Charges furnace with materials, such as scrap, ore, flux, reagents, slimes, oxides, pellets, or coke, by moving levers to open bin or hopper gates, by shoveling, or by signaling FURNACE CHARGER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.) or OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to load furnace. Turns valves to force air through tuyeres into molten metal to oxidize impurities. Observes gauges and manipulates controls on panel to admit nitrogen to prevent igniting of magnesium. Stirs molten metal with green poles to prevent copper from oxidizing. Skims slag from molten metal, using bar, rabble, or ladle. Cleans slag from tuyeres to let air flow, using bar, hammer, or pneumatic drill. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry), or uses electric hoist, to position ladles or buckets near furnace, and moves levers to tilt furnace into pouring position. Scrapes and chips slag, solidified metal, furnace lining, and residue from furnace, using hammer, chisel, and scraper. Breaks condensers and defective retorts with sledgehammer for removal to crusher. Raps flues and dust catchers with bar to remove dust. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

512.667-010 TEMPERATURE REGULATOR, PYROMETER (foundry) alternate titles: fire regulator

Tests temperature of molten metal for conformance to pouring specifications, using optical or thermocouple pyrometers: Advises CUPOLA TENDER (foundry) or furnace operator when temperature reading varies from specifications. Records temperature reading on standard form.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

512.683-010 CHARGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: charger; furnace-charging-machine operator; poker-in; pusher runner

Controls charging machine to charge open-hearth furnaces with materials, such as limestone, pig iron, and metal scrap: Moves controls to engage arm of charging machine in slot of charging box. Pushes levers to position charging machine at door of furnace, to thrust box through door, and to rotate arm, dumping contents of box on furnace floor. Withdraws empty box, disengages arm, and moves to next furnace to repeat process. May charge furnace with molten metal and be designated Hot-Metal Charger (steel & rel.).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

512.684-010 SECOND HELPER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: open-hearth-furnace-operator helper

Assists FIRST HELPER (steel & rel.) to melt and cast iron and steel in open-hearth furnaces: Cleans furnace tapholes, using scraper and oxygen lance. Closes furnace tapholes with pipe, chrome ore, dolomite, or magnesite to prevent loss of molten metal, and relines steel runners. Weighs additives, such as fluorspar, lime, and manganese, and trucks them to furnace areas. Shovels refractory materials into furnace. Assists crew in slagging or flushing furnace. Starts furnace by igniting gas, using torch. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.684-014 FURNACE CHARGER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.) alternate titles: fettler

Performs any combination of following tasks to charge smelting furnaces with aluminum scrap and ingots, and other nonferrous metals, as well as ore, coke, flux, and other materials: Moves levers to open and close furnace doors and to pour specified materials into furnace. Moves controls of charging machine to lift, insert, and dump materials into furnace, or shovels materials into furnace, using hood shovel. Draws samples of molten metal from furnace for laboratory analysis. Reviews laboratory report to determine that smelting is within specified standards, and computes types and amounts of materials to add to furnace to correct smelting, using calculator. Rakes dross or flux from furnace, using skimming tool. Maintains production records of materials charged into furnace. May weigh out specified amounts of materials to be charged into furnace, using scale. May operate industrial dump or lift truck to transport, hoist, and dump scrap or refined aluminum into charging machine or furnace. May operate bucket loader to hoist, convey, and dump aluminum ore, coke, and flux into hopper of smelting furnace.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

512.685-010 FURNACE TENDER (foundry; nonfer. metal) alternate titles: remelt operator

Tends furnace that remelts nonferrous alloyed metals used in diecasting process: Shovels specified proportions of scrap metal and ingots into furnace. Sprinkles fluxing compound on molten metal to bring impurities to surface. Skims slag from surface of molten metal, using hand strainer. May transfer molten metal from furnace to bull ladle, using hand ladle. May convey molten metal in bull ladle along overhead monorail, and pour metal into retainer of diecasting machine. May pour molten metal into sand molds, using power hoist. May clean furnaces and equipment.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.685-014 NOZZLE TENDER (nonfer. metal)

Tends equipment that produces aluminum powder from molten aluminum: Installs ceramic tube in furnace and positions air nozzle and power collection duct as specified. Taps furnace to allow molten aluminum to flow through ceramic tube where it is transformed into powder by blast from air nozzle and blown into powder collection duct. Observes flow of metal and adjusts air nozzle to regulate fineness of powder. Sifts powder sample through series of sieves and weighs contents remaining in each sieve to estimate quantity of each grade of powder.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.685-018 POT TENDER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: pot puncher

Tends battery of reduction pots that smelt aluminum oxide into aluminum: Adds specified amounts of oxide to pots from overhead hopper, at designated time intervals, and rakes oxide over crust formed by cooling of bath. Observes gas flames breaking through crust, and rakes oxide or pieces of crust over flames to prevent damage to anode. Watches warning lights and notes color of electrolyte (solution), and breaks up crust to add oxide to bath, using crowbar or pneumatic crust-breaking machine. Stirs bath to eliminate gas, using rake. Observes instruments and turns rheostat, or repositions anode in bath, to increase or decrease current flow and regulate temperature of solution. May train workers in operation of reduction pots.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.685-022 RECLAMATION KETTLE TENDER, METAL (smelt. & refin.)

Tends melting kettle to remelt metal scrap, dross, and skimmings to recover lead, cadmium, zinc, or other nonferrous metals and cast it into pig molds for reuse: Charges kettle manually or using shovel or hoist. Ignites burner to melt and heat metal. Observes thermometer or color of molten metal and adjusts temperature control or turns valve to adjust fuel supply to obtain pour temperature. Stirs and skims molten metal, using bar and skimming tool. Drains, ladles, or pumps metal into molds.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

512.686-010 CUPOLA CHARGER (foundry) alternate titles: cupola stocker

Charges scrap iron or pig iron, coke, and limestone (flux) into cupola in which iron is melted to make castings: Determines quantities and types of materials to be charged, following work orders or verbal instructions from CUPOLA TENDER (foundry). Shovels materials into wheelbarrow. Weighs net contents and wheels materials to charging door of cupola. Dumps iron, coke, and limestone through charging door so that charge in cupola is in alternate layers. May operate power-driven hopper, conveyor, or crane to transfer materials from storage bins to cupola. May weigh out materials or load materials from preweighed piles onto conveyor that charges cupola.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

512.687-010 CONDENSER SETTER (smelt. & refin.)

Places condenser on plate supports in front of retort in zinc furnace to collect and condense zinc vapor created by heating ore in retort: Charges retort with mixture of ore and coal, using skip-loader. Lifts and positions condenser in front of retort, using tongs. Seals joint between retort and condenser by spreading finely ground and dampened mixture of coal and loam to prevent escape of zinc vapor. Banks mouth of condenser with mixture of coal and ore or waste material to prevent zinc from overflowing while allowing combustion gases to escape.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

512.687-014 THIRD HELPER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: open-hearth-furnace laborer

Performs any combination of following duties involved in operation of open-hearth furnaces: Moves controls to open and close furnace doors. Removes molten metal in low spots or pockets of furnace floor, using $T3air lance.$T1 Shovels refractory materials onto furnace bottom. Transports additives from bins to furnace. Shovels additives into furnace and ladle. Cleans and reams furnace taphole and pries solidified metal from pouring spout, using reaming rod and bar. Sprays slag with water, using hose. Maintains tools and equipment required for furnace operations. Cleans charging floor and furnace areas.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

513 ROASTING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with heating ore and concentrates in calciners, furnaces, or kilns to remove moisture or to drive off impurities.

513.132-010 CONVERTER SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating converter furnaces to produce metallic copper from copper matte, or in mixing, roasting, or drying copper concentrate prior to smelting operation: Monitors processing to verify conformance to specifications. Inspects equipment to detect malfunctions or defects and assigns worker to make repairs or adjustments. Demonstrates operation and maintenance of machines and equipment to new workers, and explains plant layout, processing techniques, and safety regulations to orient new workers. May be designated according to operation supervised as Roaster Supervisor (smelt. & refin.). Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

513.362-010 CALCINER OPERATOR (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.)

Controls calciners and allied equipment from instrumented panelboard to heat ore slurry, dry slurry, and drive off impurities: Monitors recording instruments, flowmeters, panel lights, and other indicators, and listens for warning signals on panel to operate calciner, conveyor system, and allied equipment. Turns screws and knobs on panelboard to control feed rate, temperature, and conveying of ore. Examines calcined ore to determine, by color, that it meets company specifications. Confers with other departments to adjust steam, water, and fuel supply, using telephone or radio. Confers with supervisor to report equipment failure or malfunction, and to resolve problems in process changes. Maintains record of steam, water, and fuel used during shift. Records process changes, malfunctions, and other actions in shift log and operator's sheet. Examines calciners and allied equipment, such as conveyor belts and chutes, blowers, pumps, compressors, and power lines, waterlines, and air lines, for wear or defects. Periodically cleans calciner, working as member of team, and using airhammer, water hose, pick, shovel, and wheelbarrow. When drying copper ore, may be designated Reactor Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

513.462-010 FURNACE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Operates furnace to remove moisture, arsenic, or sulfur from ore: Charges top hearth of roaster with ore, regulating rate of charge by means of chute door. Determines speed with which roaster is being charged by weighing sample of charge ore obtained over measured interval of time. Starts rabbles (automatic rakes) that scrape hearth beds continually and move ore from one hearth to next lower one. Regulates draft and temperature of roaster by adjusting dampers and gas pressure. Replaces rabble arms by detaching arm from shaft with bar and removing it with hoist. Replaces defective rabble teeth. Directs workers in removing incrustations from hearth beds. Removes samples of roasted ore for laboratory analysis. May clean arms and rabbles with scrapers and iron bars. May determine oxide content of dried ore by titrating specified amount of flakes and calculating percentage. May replace defective parts and clean equipment.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

513.565-010 KILN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends battery of rotary kilns in which hydrated alumina is calcined: Moves levers and switches to start kilns and regulate their speed. Adjusts controls to regulate temperature, pressure, and rate of flow of oil, gas, air, flue gases, and steam vapor. Directs DEWATERER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in regulating flow of hydrated alumina into kilns. Turns valves to adjust water supply to cooler coils, kiln trunnions, and water-cooled bearings. Inspects kilns, carriages, and drive mechanisms for signs of faulty operation or overheating. Keeps log of operational data, such as air temperature and oil or gas pressure. May lubricate valves and adjust packing glands to prevent leaks. May tend air slides and bucket elevators to convey alumina to storage bins.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

513.587-010 KILN-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: calcination helper

Assists KILN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in calcining hydrated alumina in rotary kilns: Moves controls to direct flow of alumina through standby equipment. Lubricates valves with grease guns. Adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks, using handtools. Cleans coolers, using $T3air lance.$T1 Observes flow of alumina through kilns, inspects equipment, and reports defects or malfunctions to KILN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.). Takes sample of alumina in bucket for laboratory analysis. Records weights of alumina stored. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

513.667-010 CALCINER-OPERATOR HELPER (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.)

Records machine and equipment readings in shift log at specified intervals, examines machines and equipment for malfunctions, and draws composite samples of ore at various stages of processing for laboratory testing: Reads gauges and records water and oil levels, temperatures, and pressures at specified intervals. Examines motors for leaks or hot bearings, conveyor belts for buildup or spillage, belt rollers for squeaks that indicate wear or belt misalignment, oil level in sight glasses, and exhaust fans for dirt and dust buildup. Turns handle to reposition filter on fluidizing blower. Dips sample of ore into bucket or jar at various stages of processing to collect composite sample for laboratory analysis. Notifies CALCINER OPERATOR (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.) of machine and equipment malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

513.682-010 ROTARY-KILN OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Operates rotary kiln in which cinnabar (mercuric sulfide ore) is volatilized to obtain free mercury: Ignites oil burner and turns fuel and air pressure valves to heat kiln to specified temperature. Sets controls to regulate conveyor speed and rotation of kiln. Observes gauges and flow of ore into kiln and turns controls to maintain temperature and amount of ore in kiln. Lubricates and repairs kiln and equipment.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

513.685-010 SINTER FEEDER (steel & rel.)

Tends table-feeding equipment that regulates flow of finely ground iron ore, coke, and flue dust from storage bins onto sintering machine conveyors: Starts table feeder and conveyor and adjusts rheostats to regulate speed of vibrating feeders. Moves controls to regulate opening of feed gate according to rate of flow of material onto conveyor. Observes equipment to detect malfunctions. Clears clogged chutes or feed gates, using bar and shovel. Fills sample box with material on conveyor, weighs sample, and records weight. Reads weightometer scale and records weights of material being processed.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514 POURING AND CASTING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with pouring, injecting, centrifuging, or pressing molten or powdered metal into a mold or other receptacle, and permitting or causing it to solidify.

514.130-010 PERMANENT-MOLD SUPERVISOR (foundry; nonfer. metal)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing nonferrous metal castings by permanent-mold process: Verifies setup of permanent-mold casting machines. Consults with LAY-OUT INSPECTOR (machine shop) 600.281-014 to check layout of castings and to determine cause of casting defects, such as core shift, mold shift, or pouring temperature. Initiates changes in mold and core alignment, pouring temperature, or timing cycle of casting machine to correct defects. Trains new workers in departmental or job procedures. May perform minor maintenance on permanent-mold casting machines. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

514.130-014 SUPERVISOR, DIE CASTING (foundry; smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in setting up and operating diecasting machines, applying knowledge of diecasting process and properties of molten metal: Reads work orders to determine type of diecasting machines to be used. Initiates changes in timing of casting cycle, lubrication of dies, cooking of dies, or spacing between dies to correct defects in castings. Trains new workers in job duties. May supervise operation of melting furnaces and trim presses. May adjust thermostats to control temperatures of molten metal. May set up diecasting machines for workers. May be required to have experience with specific materials or type of machine. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

514.131-010 INSPECTOR, CHIEF (foundry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and measuring metal castings: Lays out reference points on sample castings and verifies dimensions against blueprints [LAY-OUT INSPECTOR (machine shop) 600.281-014]. Inspects rejected castings for defects, such as blowholes, cracks, and rough spots, to determine repairs required to salvage castings. May weigh and count castings, and record inspection data on standard form. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

514.134-010 TAPPER SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in tapping molten aluminum from reduction pots: Inserts metal rod into pots and inspects coating deposited on rod to determine amount of metal to tap. Moves hand controls to raise and lower anode and to control voltage drop in pot during tapping. Records pot number on outside of crucible, using chalk. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

514.137-010 SUPERVISOR, PIG-MACHINE (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in casting molten iron into pigs, and in cleaning blast furnace area, pig machine, and slag pits. Coordinates movement of materials into and out of department. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

514.137-014 SUPERVISOR, PIT-AND-AUXILIARIES (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing equipment for tapping furnace, teeming (pouring) molten steel in molds, and stripping and weighing ingots. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

514.360-010 DIE-CASTING-MACHINE SETTER (foundry)

Sets up diecasting machines that cast parts, such as automobile trim, carburetor housings, and motor parts from nonferrous metals, such as zinc, aluminum, or magnesium: Lifts specified die sections into machine, using chain fall or hoist. Secures die sections in position and adjusts stroke of ram, using handtools. Connects water hoses to cooling system of die. Preheats die sections with torch or electric heater. Turns valves and sets dials to regulate flow of water circulating through die, timing cycle, and operating speed of machine, based on size and structure of part to be cast and type and temperature of metal being used. Starts machine to produce sample casting, and examines casting to verify setup. May clean diecasting machines, using high-pressure steam hose and detergent. May perform maintenance on machine or dies, such as replacing pipelines or hoses, lubricating machine, or replacing ejector pins in dies. May verify machine setups and adjust malfunctioning machines and be designated Die-Casting-Machine Maintainer (foundry). May dismantle dies for repair by DIE MAKER, STAMPING (machine shop).
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

514.362-010 PIG-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: mold-car operator

Operates pig machine to pour molten iron into molds to cast pig iron: Starts conveyor that positions mold under spout of pig-machine ladle. Moves controls to tilt ladle, allowing molten iron to flow into mold. Observes filling operation to detect sticking of molten iron to inside of molds, and signals LIME MIXER TENDER (steel & rel.) to spray additional lime on walls of molds. Performs maintenance, such as relining iron runners, repairing pig machine chains, and replacing broken molds, using handtools, bars, and jib crane.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

514.382-010 DIE-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR I (foundry)

Sets up and operates diecasting machine to cast parts, such as automobile trim, carburetor housings, and motor parts from nonferrous metals, such as zinc, aluminum, or magnesium: Lifts specified die sections into machine, using chain fall or hoist. Bolts die section in position and adjusts stroke of ram, using handtools. Connects water hose to cooling system of die. Preheats die sections with torch or electric heater. Turns valves and sets dial to regulate flow of water circulating through die and to control speed of machine, based on size and structure of part being cast and type and temperature of metal being used. Blows metal fragments from die surfaces, using airhose, and brushes lubricant into die cavity and onto plunger. Hand ladles molten metal into chamber of machine when operating cold-chamber machine. Pushes button to close and lock dies and activate plunger that forces molten metal into die cavities. Removes casting after dies open automatically, using pliers or tongs. Inspects casting for defects. May inspect castings, using fixed gauges. May dip castings in water to cool them. May load metal ingots into melting furnace, and transfer molten metal to heated reservoir of diecasting machine, using hand ladle.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

514.562-010 CENTRIFUGAL-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR III (foundry)

Operates centrifugal casting machine to cast artillery barrels: Grinds rough spots from inside of mold with grinding wheel mounted on end of long rod. Fills pits on inside surface of mold with refractory material. Fits refractory stoppers into ends of mold. Mounts pouring box, which serves as funnel for pouring melt from furnace into mold, on special frame at breech end of mold and fits spout of box through hole in stopper. Starts machine rotating at specified speed. Directs OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 in positioning portable furnace containing melt for pouring, and pushes electric controls to tilt furnace and pour melt into pouring box. Forces casting from mold, using hydraulic ram. Observes instruments and records data, such as temperature of mold before and after pouring and time required to complete pour. May operate machine from control board and be designated Casting-Machine-Control-Board Operator (foundry).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

514.567-010 MOLD WORKER (steel & rel.)

Removes steel ingots from molds after casting, and prepares molds for additional castings: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lift mold, and knocks out ingot, using handtools and sledge. Marks casting code on ingot with paint or chalk. Examines mold and supporting plates for dirt, cracks, or breaks, and removes dirt and metal particles, using scraper, wire brush, and airhose. Mixes mold wash according to formula, and coats mold, using spray gun; or signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to dip mold in tar tank.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.582-010 VACUUM CASTER (foundry)

Operates vacuum casting machine to produce molten metal and pour castings of high density: Removes ceramic mold from preheat oven, using tongs, and places it on lift in lower air lock of machine. Closes and clamps air-lock door. Inserts premeasured metal charge into upper air lock. Starts pumps to create specified vacuum in air locks. Pulls levers that cause ram to push charge into melting pot in vacuum chamber. Turns on current and adjusts temperature controls of furnace. Determines when molten metal is ready to pour by observing color through glass-covered opening, or by measuring temperature of molten metal with pyrometer. Moves controls that cause lift to raise mold from lower air lock to vacuum chamber. Pulls lever that causes furnace to invert and pour molten metal into mold.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

514.584-010 INGOT HEADER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: billet header; casting header; header

Pours molten, nonferrous metals into solidifying ingots to compensate for shrinkage that occurs when ingots cool in their molds: Dumps specified amount of metal and flux into pot of gas- or oil-fired furnace. Reads temperature indicators and adjusts furnace flame to melt heading metal. Adds metal to molds to compensate for shrinkage, using ladle. Stencils identifying characters on top of solidified ingots, using special hammer tool. Opens mold and removes ingot, using tongs.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514.662-010 CASTING OPERATOR (nonfer. metal)

Controls pouring station in which aluminum and aluminum alloys are cast into ingots: Regulates flow of molten metal from ladle or directly from melting furnace into trough feeding casting molds of casting unit. Regulates flow of metal from trough into molds by adjusting screw valves at bottom of trough. Controls cooling conditions of casting unit by maintaining constant level of metal in molds and regulating series of valves to spray water against molds to produce ingots of uniform crystalline structure. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to remove ingots.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

514.664-010 CUPOLA TAPPER (foundry)

Draws molten metal from cupola into ladles for pouring into molds to make castings: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 or POURER, METAL (foundry) to place ladle under cupola spout. Withdraws bott (clay plug) from taphole, using long iron rod, and allows molten metal to flow into ladle. Inserts new plug on end of rod when ladle is full. Molds clay plugs by hand and affixes them to rods.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.664-014 TAPPER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)

Taps refining furnaces or reduction pots by one of following methods to pour molten slag or nonferrous metal, such as copper or aluminum, into molds, crucibles, or ladles: (1) Punches clay plug from taphole, using steel rod, to allow molten metal to flow into molds. Molds clay plugs and inserts them into taphole to stop flow of metal, using rod, or builds clay-retaining wall over taphole. Chips or burns away solidified slag and metal from taphole, using chisel-edged bar, oxygen lance, or by short-circuiting current from $T3bus bar$T1 to taphole with steel rod. (2) Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to place pouring crucible near pot. Breaks hole in crust of electrolytic bath, using crowbar. Clamps siphon lid on crucible, and inserts other end of siphon into hole. Attaches airhose to siphon, and turns valve to siphon molten metal into crucible. Lowers anode into bath, using pulley to maintain its position beneath bath surface.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.667-010 CASTING-WHEEL-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Removes castings from molds by performing any combination of following duties: Brushes and sprays empty molds with water and bone ash or clay to prevent castings from sticking to mold. Chips and removes surplus bone ash, using chipping hammer and vacuum hose. Turns valves to adjust water sprays to cool molds or to loosen and drop castings from inverted molds. Pries castings from molds, using bar. Attaches crane hooks to lugs and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lift casting from mold. May mix water, bone ash, or clay to specified consistency for coating molds.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.667-014 PIG-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (steel & rel.)

Assists PIG-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to cast pig iron: Observes pouring operations and signals PIG-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to stop flow of metal from ladle when molds overflow or mechanical malfunction occurs. Knocks pieces of iron and slag from ladle lips, pouring spout, or iron runners, using pole. Cleans slag and iron from pouring equipment and pig machine, using bars and sledges. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.667-018 SPOUT WORKER (smelt. & refin.)

Directs pouring of slag from ladle through spout into reverberatory furnace used for smelting: Raises furnace door, using lever or air hoist. Guides OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 by signal horn and lights in positioning ladle over spout and pouring slag. Sprays water on inner walls of spout to remove encrusted slag, or pries slag loose with iron bar. Shovels slag into car or furnace. Patches cracks in spout with moist clay, smoothing surface with hand or shovel. Scatters slurry of silica and clay evenly over inner surface of spout to decrease slag-crust during pouring operation. May guide DINKEY OPERATOR (any industry) into position over furnace, using hand signals. May record amount of slag dumped into furnace on analysis sheet.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.682-010 CASTING-WHEEL OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: pourer

Operates rotating casting wheel to pour molten nonferrous metal, such as copper, lead, or aluminum into molds to form ingots: Moves control lever to rotate wheel and position mold under pouring spout of kettle or furnace. Pulls lever to remove stopper from bottom of kettle or to tilt ladle to allow metal to flow into mold. Rotates wheel to spot successive molds under spout. Observes process to ensure that castings are dumped and that molds are returned to starting position. May spray empty molds with coating to prevent metal from sticking to mold [CASTING-WHEEL-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)]. May skim slag or dross from metal in furnace with rake or hoe [FURNACE HELPER (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)]. May divert stream of metal into bucket, using hose, to obtain samples for laboratory. May operate pump to force lead from kettle into mold. May skim impurities, using spatula or spoon, and solidify molten lead by regulating flow of water in water-cooled mold. May observe furnace gauge to verify that temperature of molten metal meets specifications. May change pouring spout, using chain hoist and handtools. May operate casting-wheel machine that advances molds automatically at predetermined rate.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514.682-014 PRESS OPERATOR, CARBON BLOCKS (smelt. & refin.)

Operates press that forms carbon paste into anodes used in metal-reduction pots: Pushes panel buttons to activate hopper, chain conveyor, cooling chamber belt, and power rolls. Turns valve to regulate flow of water to carbon cooling chamber. Observes signal light on hopper which indicates hopper is filled and paste is discharged into mold. Starts mechanical vibrator to pack mix in mold. Moves levers to synchronize rotation of index table with dropping of ram to press mix into blocks. Adjusts ram stroke to press carbon block to specified size, using wrench. Stops press when warning light indicates malfunction or when mold is overheated. Removes rejects from conveyor, using pneumatic ram.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514.684-010 CASTER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: metal pourer

Casts nonferrous metal into pigs and transports them to storage, using handtools and forklift: Secures hook to eye on bottom of crucible and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to position crucible and pour metal into stationary molds. Turns handwheel and moves levers to regulate flow of metal from furnace into conveyor molds. Skims slag from surface of pigs into dross buggy, using dross hoe, metal rake, or carbon stick. Installs and changes stencils in automatic stenciler, or stamps identifying information on pigs with hammer and die. Removes pigs from mold, using crowbar, or sets pins and hooks chain for crane to lift pigs from molds. Shovels scrap metal into buggy for return to furnace. Moves pigs to storage area, using forklift. Inserts fire clay on end of rod into taphole to seal furnace.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514.684-014 LADLE POURER (smelt. & refin.)

Casts refined lead into molds moving along conveyor belt: Connects pipelines from kettle to ladle, and preheats pipes, valves, and ladle with gas burner to prevent hardening of metal. Controls flow of metal into ladle, and pours lead into molds by tilting ladle. Skims oxide from surface of metal in molds.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

514.684-018 NOZZLE-AND-SLEEVE WORKER (nonfer. metal)

Removes, replaces, and adjusts nozzles and cylinders (sleeves) of diecasting machines: Disconnects and removes gooseneck (spout) from gooseneck machine, using wrenches, chain falls, and hoist. Knocks nozzle loose with bar and hammer. Drives replacement nozzle into gooseneck. Reinstalls gooseneck in metal pot, aligning nozzle with gate according to scale measurements. Removes plunger from sleeve of cold-shot machine, using wrenches, and pushes defective sleeve from machine. Installs new sleeve by inserting holding pin, making screw adjustments, and taking scale measurements. Periodically inspects nozzle and sleeve adjustments along machine line. Assists other workers in adjusting, installing, and removing diecasting machine nozzles and cylinders. Keeps records of sleeve and nozzle adjustments and replacements. May replace movable gooseneck setup with new parts.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.684-022 POURER, METAL (foundry) alternate titles: ladle handler

Pours molten metal from ladle into molds to produce metal castings: Tilts ladle or opens pouring spout by turning handwheel or moving levers to pour metal into sand molds. Skims slag off molten metal, using strainer device, or tilts ladle to dump out slag. May move ladle from cupola or furnace to work station, manually or using overhead monorail or chain fall. May be designated according to type of ladle used as Pourer, Buggy Ladle (foundry); Pourer, Bull Ladle (foundry); Pourer, Crane Ladle (foundry); Pourer, Crucible (foundry).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.685-010 CENTRIFUGAL-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR I (foundry)

Tends centrifugal casting machine that casts tubular metal products, such as pipes, brakedrums, or bushings: Lays specified mold on spinning mechanism. Brushes dirt and metal fragments from inside of mold. Places and fastens cover on ends of mold. Preheats mold with torch. Starts machine and sprays insulation on inside surface of rotating mold. Pours molten metal into mold, using hand ladle. Allows mold to spin for specified time to solidify metal against mold walls. Unfastens mold cover and removes casting, using tongs or hydraulic ram. May set machine controls to rotate mold at specified speed.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.685-014 CENTRIFUGAL-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR II (foundry)

Tends one station on indexing-type centrifugal casting machine, performing any combination of following tasks involved in casting metal: Removes dirt and metal fragments from mold, using brush, water, or airhose. Fastens cover on end of mold. Starts mold rotating, and sprays insulation on inside surface of mold. Pours specified amount of metal into mold, using hand or crane ladle. Moves levers on tilting furnace to control flow of metal into pouring ladle. Removes cover on end of mold, and pulls casting from mold, using tongs. May be designated according to task performed as Dumper, Mold Cleaner (foundry); Puller (foundry); Sprayer (foundry).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.685-018 DIE-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR II (foundry)

Tends diecasting machine that casts parts, such as automobile trim, carburetor housings, and motor parts from nonferrous metals, such as zinc, aluminum, or magnesium: Turns valves to regulate flow of water circulating through dies. Blows metal fragments from die surfaces, using airhose, and brushes lubricant over die cavity and plunger. Ladles molten metal into chamber by hand when using cold chamber machine. Pushes button to close and lock dies and activate plunger that forces molten metal into die cavities. Removes casting after dies open automatically, using tongs or pliers. Inspects casting for defects, such as cracks or bubbles. May measure casting, using fixed gauges. May dip castings in water to cool. May regulate speed of machine.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.685-022 LIME MIXER TENDER (steel & rel.)

Tends mixing machine that mixes lime and water, and sprays mixture on interior of molds to prevent cast iron from sticking to molds: Shovels lime into mixing machine, starts machine, and opens valve to allow water to enter machine to obtain mixture of specified consistency. Cleans molds, using airhose. Starts pump of spray gun, and sprays molds. Observes coating on molds, and adjusts spray gun and consistency of mixture to obtain specified coating. Sprays water on molds containing molten iron to cool metal, using hose. Removes stuck pigs from molds, using bar.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.685-026 TUBE-CLEANING OPERATOR (foundry)

Tends machine that extracts core pipe from interior of tubular castings: Strikes end of core pipe with sledge to loosen baked sand between casting and core pipe. Inserts end of core pipe through holding block and secures pipe between jaws set on dolly. Starts machine that pushes and pulls dolly along tracks, pulling out core pipe while casting strikes against holding block. Cleans casting, using airhose and wire brush.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.687-010 CASTING INSPECTOR (foundry) alternate titles: casting tester; final inspector; soft-iron inspector

Inspects metal castings for dimensional accuracy and surface defects: Measures dimensions of casting, using fixed gauges. Examines casting for defects, such as cracks and blowholes. Separates and marks defective castings according to salvage operation required. May chip surplus metal from casting, using hammer and chisel. May tap casting with hammer to determine from sound if casting has been heattreated or to detect defects, such as cracks or thin walls.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

514.687-014 CASTING-HOUSE WORKER (nonfer. metal)

Assists aluminum foundry workers by performing variety of manual tasks: Skims dross from furnaces. Loads handtrucks with ingots or sorted scrap. May sort and weigh metal, charge furnaces, and transport metal. May mark heat number on billets. May operate tier-lift truck to transport materials.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

514.687-018 CASTING-OPERATOR HELPER (nonfer. metal)

Assists CASTING OPERATOR (nonfer. metal) in casting aluminum alloys into ingots: Places distributing trough between furnace taphole and mold. Positions baffle plates, screens, and control pins in trough, using handtools. Takes sample of molten metal for subsequent analysis. Skims dross off molten aluminum in holding furnace, using drag rake. Inserts thermocouple into mold and records temperature of ingot. Examines ingot for cracks, using reflectoscope. Stencils identification numbers on ingots. Hooks cable to ingot for removal by OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

515 CRUSHING AND GRINDING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reducing ore or concentrate to granules, grits, powder, paste, or pulp, or otherwise changing it from larger to smaller particles by such means as compression, smashing, cutting, grinding, or any combination of these methods.

515.130-010 MILL SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: supervisor, grinding; supervisor, ore dressing

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in crushing, grinding, and concentrating ore preparatory to further processing or shipment: Observes meters, gauges, recording instruments, and operation of machines and equipment to detect malfunctions, faulty operation by worker, or need for repairs. Orders adjustments and repairs to restore machines and equipment to production specifications. Directs dismantling, and inspects parts to determine cause of malfunction or breakdown. Demonstrates and explains machine operation and processes to new workers. May determine time, duration, and sequence of utilizing ore from silos, and rates of extraction to attain blend of ore specified on work order. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

515.132-010 CRUSHER SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in transporting, crushing, and storing ore, skimmings, and other residue. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

515.382-010 GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (mine & quarry; smelt. & refin.)

Operates panelboard to control machinery and equipment, such as conveyor belts, vibrating feeders, rod and ball mills, centrifugal separators, distributors, magnetic separators, and pumps, to grind ore and scrap metal and to separate iron particles from gangue: Sets and adjusts automatic controls on panel to regulate feed flow of conveyors, flow of lubricant to rod and ball mill bearings, and flow of water to mills and separators. Starts grinding and separating machinery and equipment. Observes lights, dials, and gauges, and turns levers or pushes buttons on panel to adjust operating conditions, such as temperature of mill bearings, amount of electric current flowing through mill drive motors, and rate of ore and scrap metal flowing from feeder conveyors. Records number of machinery breakdowns and repairs, number of rods and balls charged into mills, and amount of ore and scrap metal processed. May pass hand magnet over sludge to determine extent of separation of iron particles from gangue by magnetic separators.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

515.567-010 WEIGHER-AND-CRUSHER (smelt. & refin.)

Weighs and crushes zinc ore and other materials, using platform scale, crusher, and handtools: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lower loaded bucket of zinc ore onto platform scale. Balances scale beam. Records weight of materials and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to dump them into crusher. Starts vibrating screens that crush ore and separate it according to size. Shovels unscreened ore back into crusher. Scoops samples of ore from conveyor belt for laboratory analysis. Opens bin gate to fill bucket with sintered ore. Levels ore in bucket, using bar and shovel. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to remove filled bucket and to replace it with empty one. Moves empty or filled buckets on cars about yard and plant, using power-driven winch.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

515.585-010 SCALE-RECLAMATION TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends conveying and grinding equipment that reclaims aluminum-hydrate scale: Moves controls to regulate conveyor flow of hydrate scale to hammer mill and rodmill. Turns valves to add plant liquor to rodmill to maintain specified slurry density. Clears hoppers, pan feeders, and conveying equipment of accumulated materials, using bar, hammer, or shovel. Cleans conveyors, idlers, and pulleys, using scrapers and cleaning tools. Turns valves and starts pumps to switch product flow through auxiliary units. Catches product samples. Keeps operating log. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

515.685-010 BATCH MAKER (nonfer. metal; steel & rel.)

Tends equipment that mills and recovers powdered metal used in powder metallurgy: Pours specified amount of powder into ball mill. Screws covers on drum and straps drum to ball mill machine rack. Starts motor that rotates drum to grind powder by tumbling action of metal balls. Inserts filter bag and sieve in centrifuge drum. Opens water valve to flush milled powder from mill through sieve and filter bag into centrifuge. Starts centrifuge that separates water from powder. Pours extracted powder into trays for drying. Charges ball mill with additional balls as specified.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

515.685-014 CRUSHER TENDER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: ore crusher

Tends machine that breaks ore, skimmings, furnace residue, clay pieces, pot-room butts, or green carbon scrap into smaller sizes for further processing: Starts crusher. Regulates flow of materials into crusher from conveyors, chutes, or bins. Prods large lumps with bar to force them through crusher. Breaks oversize lumps with sledgehammer. Maintains uniform flow of crushed materials to screens or roll crushers for further sizing by controlling movement of conveyor belt or feeder. Cleans, lubricates, and makes minor repairs to crusher. May remove scrap wood or iron by hand or with an electromagnet. May operate vibrating screens to separate materials within size ranges. May select samples of materials, using shovel or mechanical sampler. May tend control panel to monitor crushing machines that clean anode assemblies and be designated Anode-Assembly Cleaner (smelt. & refin.) I.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

515.685-018 STAMPING-MILL TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends stamping mills that crush ore to specified fineness: Turns valve to regulate flow of ore and water over plates beneath stamps. Examines crushed ore at outflow of mill to determine degree of fineness. Adjusts raising and dropping sequence of stamps. Replaces broken stamps, plates, and shafts.
GOE: 06.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

515.686-010 BATTERY-WRECKER OPERATOR (nonfer. metal)

Loads conveyor of battery-crushing machine: Lifts batteries from stockpile. Loads conveyor of machine that crushes batteries and separates plastic, metal, and lead-bearing acid. Listens for machine jams and other malfunctions. Dislodges jams, using metal bar or air compressor. Notifies designated worker of major malfunctions. May operate industrial truck to move pallets of batteries from storage area to work area.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

515.687-010 HAMMER-MILL OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: shredder operator

Prepares iron and steel machine-tool cuttings for use in making ferrosilicon by selecting scraps of desired thickness and breaking them up in hammer mill.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518 MOLDERS, COREMAKERS, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with making molds or cores to be used in casting metal in foundries.

518.361-010 MOLDER (aircraft mfg.; concrete prod.; foundry) alternate titles: sand molder

Forms sand molds to fabricate metal castings, using patterns or match plates, flasks, handtools and power tools, following instructions and applying knowledge of variables, such as metal characteristics, molding sand, pattern contours, and pouring procedures: Places flask and drag onto $T3molding board$T1 and positions pattern inside drag. Sprinkles or sprays parting agent onto pattern and flask, to facilitate removal of pattern from mold, and positions reinforcing wire in flask. Sifts sand over pattern, using riddle, and compacts sand around pattern contours. Shovels and packs sand into flask, using hand or pneumatic ramming tools. Inverts drag, positions cope half of pattern and flask onto drag, and repeats sand molding operation to imbed pattern into cope. Lifts cope from drag and removes pattern. Cuts runner and sprue hole into mold and repairs damaged impressions, using handtools, such as slick, trowel, spoon, and sprue cutter. Positions specified cores into drag and reassembles cope and drag. Moves and positions workpieces, such as flasks, patterns, and bottom boards, using overhead crane, or signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to move and position workpieces. Pours molten metal into mold, manually or using crane ladle, or directs POURER, METAL (foundry) 514.684-022 to fill mold. May form and assemble slab cores around pattern to reinforce mold, using handtools and glue. May operate ovens or furnaces to melt, skim, and flux metal. May form molds at bench and be designated Molder, Bench (concrete prod.; foundry) or form molds on floor and be designated Molder, Floor (foundry).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 87

518.361-014 MOLDER APPRENTICE (aircraft mfg.; concrete prod.; foundry) alternate titles: sand-molder apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

518.361-018 MOLDER, SWEEP (foundry) alternate titles: floor molder, sweep method

Makes molds, using sweep method which is adaptable only in cases where required casting is symmetrical: Assembles drag, flask, bottom plate, and spindle (projects through center of flask). Shovel sand into flask, and compacts it by hand ramming. Attaches sweep (board with bottom edge cut to shape corresponding to casting surface) and rotates it about spindle, until mold impression (usually convex) is swept (scraped) to desired shape. Places cope flask on drag, and shovels and compacts sand over drag mold which serves as pattern for cope mold. Removes cope mold. Scrapes drag mold with smaller sweep to reduce size of mold. Smooths and shapes mold surface, using slick and trowel. Assembles mold sections for pouring. When making parts of large floor or pit mold, usually rectangular in shape, with sides parallel and same impressions running full length of part of mold, draws sweep back and forth along guides to scrape out desired impressions.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

518.380-010 SETTER, MOLDING-AND-COREMAKING MACHINES (foundry) alternate titles: pattern setter

Sets up and adjusts molding and coremaking machines, such as roll-over, squeeze, coremaking, and shell molding: Obtains specified pattern, moves pattern to work station manually or using hoist, and bolts it to bed of mold or core forming machine, using wrenches. Adjusts stops, height of squeeze or roll-over mechanism, and height of sand hopper according to size of pattern or core, using handtools. Adjusts timing cycle of machines to specified settings. Replaces worn parts, such as air lines, gaslines, gaskets, and core box vents, using handtools.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

518.381-010 BENCH-MOLDER APPRENTICE (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: sand-caster apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

518.381-014 COREMAKER (foundry) alternate titles: coremaker, experimental

Makes sand cores used in molds to form holes or hollows in metal castings: Cleans core box with blast of compressed air. Dusts parting sand over inside of core box to facilitate removal of finished core. Partially fills core box with sand by pulling cord that releases sand from overhead chute or by using hands or shovel. Compacts sand in core box, using hands, hand rammer, and air rammer. Bends reinforcing wires by hand, and inserts them in sand. Fills core box and rams sand in tightly. Inverts core box onto metal plate, and lifts box from sand core. Patches cracked or chipped places on core and smooths core surfaces, using spoon and trowel. May bake cores to harden them. May assemble cores. May work at bench making small cores and be designated Coremaker, Bench (foundry); or make large cores on floor of foundry and be designated Coremaker, Floor (foundry).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

518.381-018 COREMAKER APPRENTICE (foundry)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

518.381-022 MOLDER, BENCH (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: sand caster

Casts metal molds to form jewelry articles: Forms plaster mold of model. Builds sand mold in flask, using plaster mold as pattern. Places flask in furnace or heats flask with blowtorch to dry and harden sand mold. Removes plaster mold from flask. Melts metal in crucible or furnace, and pours molten metal into channel of sand mold to cast metal mold. Opens flask and removes metal mold when metal has hardened, using pliers or tongs.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

518.484-010 PLASTER MOLDER II (foundry)

Forms plaster molds, used to make metal castings, using molder's handtools, patterns, and flasks: Mixes plaster powder and water according to specified formula. Places cope and drag on molding table. Places drag half of pattern in drag. Pours liquid plaster into drag, removes excess plaster, using straightedge, and allows mold to harden. Assembles cope half of pattern to drag half of pattern in mold. Places cope on drag and makes depressions in plaster around drag pattern to ensure accurate joining of mold halves for casting. Brushes parting agent on surfaces of mold, pattern, and flask, and pours liquid plaster into cope. Separates cope and drag after specified time and removes pattern. Repairs cracks and broken edges of mold, using molder's handtools, such as spoon, trowel, and slick. May cut gates and risers in mold after mold is baked. May position cores in drag and assemble mold. May pour molten metal into molds, using hand ladle. Makes plaster cores by pouring plaster in core box and clamping box shut. May cast plaster molds from rubber molds, spraying parting agent on mold face and pouring plaster into drag and cope.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

518.664-010 MOLD MAKER (smelt. & refin.)

Forms molds used in casting copper: Assembles metal casting frame on flat car, using wrench. Seals frame with fire clay, using trowel, and sprays interior of frame and core with bone ash to prevent adherence of molten metal to core. Pushes car under pouring spout of ladle. Moves lever to tilt ladle of molten copper and fill frame to indicated level. Pulls lever to lower core, attached to hydraulic press ram, to imbed core in molten copper. Turns valve to circulate water through core to solidify copper. Withdraws core when mold cools, dismantles frame, and removes mold.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

518.682-010 MACHINE MOLDER (foundry) alternate titles: machine line molder

Operates molding machine to form sand molds used in production of metal castings: Assembles flask, pattern, and $T3follow board$T1 on molding table of machine. Sifts sand over pattern, using riddle, and fills flask with sand by opening hopper or using shovel. Packs sand around pattern contours, using ramming tool or pneumatic hammer. Starts machine that compacts sand in flask to form mold. Cuts pouring spout and vents in mold, using sprue cutter and wire. Lifts cope half of flask off drag half and removes pattern. Cleans cavity of mold, using airhose. Positions cores in drag, and assembles cope and drag. May set cores in mold cavity. May install pattern on bed of machine, and adjust pressure of ram. May be designated by machine operated as Machine Molder, Roll-Over (foundry); Machine Molder, Squeeze (foundry); or product molded as Molder, Fitting (foundry).
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

518.683-010 SAND-SLINGER OPERATOR (foundry)

Controls sand-slinging machine to pack sand in mold flask: Engages controls to move machine along tracks and to position impeller head over flask. Starts machine, and moves controls to guide impeller head back and forth to direct flow of sand into flask. Cleans and oils machine. May replace worn parts in impeller head, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.684-010 CORE SETTER (foundry)

Positions cores in drag of sand mold. Examines mold and cores for defects, such as cracks and broken surfaces, before mold is closed. Verifies spacing between mold and cores, using gauges. May assist in closing mold. May operate hoist to move and position large cores. May assemble groups of cores in fixture of automatic core-setting machine.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.684-014 COREMAKER, PIPE (foundry)

Makes clay cores around which ferrous and nonferrous pipe is cast: Clamps rod in bench vises so that it can be rotated. Wraps rod with paper, straw, or jute, tying it firmly in place with twine. Mixes mud, sand, and loam to form clay. Spreads clay over wrapping, adding molasses to make mixture cohesive and working coating by hand so that it is smooth and even. Spreads core blacking over core and places it in drying oven for specified time. Removes dried core and applies second coating to bring core to specified diameter. Spreads blacking on core and returns it to oven for final drying.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.684-018 MOLD CLOSER (foundry) alternate titles: core mounter; core setter; finish molder; flask fitter; mold finisher

Cleans and assembles foundry molds to prepare them for pouring: Cleans inside surface of sand molds with airhose. Positions cores in drags. Thrusts rod into ventholes to remove obstructions. Fits and clamps cope and drag together to form flask. Places runner cup over pouring hole. May patch and smooth damaged portions of mold, using spoon or trowel. May assist in pouring metal into molds. May remove castings from molds.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.684-022 WAX-PATTERN ASSEMBLER (foundry)

Assembles wax components of patterns used in lost-wax casting process: Melts edges of wax components, using heated knife, and manually positions and joins components. Repairs surface defects of patterns, such as holes and indentions, and smooths and seals joints, using wax and heated knife.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.684-026 WAX-PATTERN REPAIRER (foundry) alternate titles: inspector

Repairs wax patterns used in lost-wax casting process: Inspects patterns for defects, such as cracks, seams, broken edges, and excess wax. Seals cracks, seams, and joints, removes excess wax, and builds up damaged edges, using wax and heated knife.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.685-010 CORE-OVEN TENDER (foundry)

Tends baking oven that hardens and strengthens green sand cores used in casting metal: Loads cores on racks, trays, or carts, and pushes them into oven. Lights gas- or oil-fired furnace and turns valves to obtain specified temperature; or sets thermostat and closes switch to heat element in electric furnace. Closes oven door and allows cores to bake for specified time. Opens oven door and removes cores. May adjust baffle plates that direct flow of heat in oven.
GOE: 06.04.17 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.685-014 COREMAKER, MACHINE I (foundry) alternate titles: core stripper

Tends turnover draw-type coremaking machine that makes sand cores for use in casting metal: Clamps core box over die on front table of machine, and partly fills core box with sand from overhead chute, or by using hands or shovel. Depresses pedal to open compressed-air valve that causes table to rise and fall with series of jolts, to compress sand in box. Positions reinforcing wires in sand, fills box with sand, and repeats jolting. Tamps sand into core box with hand or pneumatic tool. Removes excess sand from top of core box with hands or straightedge and clamps metal plate to top of box. Pulls lever to roll front table over and deposit box top down on rear table. Pushes rear table down to withdraw core from core box and lifts core from machine.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.685-018 COREMAKER, MACHINE II (foundry) alternate titles: tube coremaker

Tends conveyor-screw coremaking machine that extrudes sand cores having uniform cross section: Installs specified core tube and conveyor screw in machine, using handtools. Shovels sand into hopper, and tamps it down by hand. Positions core plate at opening of core tube, and starts motor-driven or hand-operated conveyor screw which forces sand through core tube and onto core plate. Cuts core at core tube opening when core fills plate. May tend oven to bake cores. Cuts baked cores to specified lengths with saw.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.685-022 COREMAKER, MACHINE III (foundry) alternate titles: core-blower operator

Tends blower-type coremaking machine to produce sand cores: Removes sand and particles of dirt from pattern with compressed air or brush. Places core box over pattern on bed of machine. Pulls lever or depresses pedal to blow and compact sand in core box. Places plate or drier on top of core box and turns box over. Lifts core box from core and lifts core from machine. May position reinforcing wires in core box before blowing in sand. May perform only one of above operations on revolving, multiple station, blower-type coremaking machine. May tend automatic blower-type coremaking machine and clean, glue, and rack cores as they are ejected from machine. May tend machine equipped with double core box and glue and clean cores from one box while machine forms and cures cores in other core box.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.685-026 SHELL MOLDER (foundry)

Tends machine that makes shell molds used to produce metal castings: Starts machine that automatically forms and cures shell. Strips cured shell halves from machine and positions shell half on fixture of mold-closing machine. Brushes glue around edges of shell half. Positions remaining shell half on top of lower half and activates ram that exerts pressure on shell until glue has set. May glue and assemble shell halves by hand. May clamp, wire, or bolt shell halves together. May bolt pattern and core box to bed of machine. May produce cores on shell making machine and be designated Shell Coremaker (foundry).
GOE: 06.04.17 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.685-030 SHELL-MOLD-BONDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (foundry) alternate titles: bonder; bonding-machine operator; shell mold bonder

Tends machine that bonds cope and drag together to form completed shell mold: Turns dials of shell-mold bonding machine to heat upper pressure plate and set pressure stroke of ram as specified. Positions drag onto lower pressure plate of machine. Fills vibrator pan with bonding agent, and pushes button to sift bonding agent onto edge of drag. Positions cope on drag, and pushes button or pulls lever which pushes hot plate onto cope to heat and compress cope to drag. Knocks out sprue holes with iron rod. Directs airhose onto mold to blow out loose sand. May tend machine that automatically releases pressure after specified period of time. May assemble cores to drag and cope.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.687-010 CORE CHECKER (foundry) alternate titles: core inspector

Verifies dimensions and shapes of cores for conformance to specifications, using straightedge, gauges, and calipers: Places cores in fixtures, manually or using hoist. Moves straightedge along surface of cores to verify contours. Verifies dimensions, using gauges and calipers. Records tally of inspections on standard forms. May file high spots from cores. May repair defects, such as cracks and broken edges. May clean flask from cores, using wire scrapers or files. May inspect molds and be designated Mold Checker (foundry).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.687-014 FOUNDRY LABORER, COREROOM (foundry) alternate titles: core fitter; coremaker helper; core paster

Performs any combination of following tasks involved in coremaking: Pastes core sections together to form completed core. Brushes, dips, or sprays solution, such as graphite, on cores to produce smooth finish. Carries and loads cores into oven. Piles cores on racks for drying. Carries sand to coreroom. Forms core reinforcing rods and wires into specified shape by hand or by machine. Pulls wires and rods from finished castings, using pliers, hammer and chisel, and special hooks. Dresses cores, using handtools or power tools, such as files, scrapers, and grinding wheel. May fill cracks in surface of core with putty or patching sand, using putty knife.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

518.687-018 MOLD-MAKER HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists MOLD MAKER (smelt. & refin.) in forming molds used in casting copper: Measures and marks pouring level on insides of mold to obtain castings of specified weights, using rules or gauges. Sprays inner surface of iron plugs with lampblack to prevent copper from adhering to them. Fastens plug in bottom of mold with locking pin. Sprays molds with steam or hot water to heat them to specified casting temperature. Cleans splashed copper from mold car, using hammer and chisel. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

518.687-022 WAX-PATTERN COATER (foundry) alternate titles: dipper

Covers wax foundry patterns with coating compound to form shell mold used in lost-wax casting process: Dips pattern in suspension of silica sand and chemical binder. Coats pattern by sifting materials, such as sand or aluminum oxide, onto pattern; or places patterns in tumbling barrel, containing short fibers, to strengthen coating. Repeats coatings as specified to form shell. Examines pattern for evenness of coating. Places coated pattern clusters on cart and pushes cart into drying room, or places shell molds on conveyor of tunnel oven to dry mold interiors. May place patterns in steam-pressure vessel to melt pattern wax from shell.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519 ORE REFINING AND FOUNDRY OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with refining ore, ore concentrate, pig, or scrap metal, and casting metal in foundries.

519.130-010 CELL-FEED-DEPARTMENT SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in concentrating, flaking, and drying magnesium chloride preparatory to obtaining magnesium by electrolysis. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.130-014 SAMPLER, HEAD (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in crushing, drying, screening, and testing samples of ores preparatory to assaying them. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.130-018 SUPERVISOR, LEAD REFINERY (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in refining lead, casting it into ingots, and preparing ingots for shipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

519.130-022 SUPERVISOR, REVERBERATORY FURNACE (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating reverberatory furnaces and casting machines to smelt and cast copper: Observes gauges and color of flames in furnace and adjusts valves to ensure combustion of fuels. Regulates furnace dampers to maintain specified temperatures. Observes color and surface characteristics of bath to determine pouring temperatures and oxygen content of copper. Inspects operation of casting wheels to ensure uniform product. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

519.130-026 SUPERVISOR, SINTERING PLANT (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in moving, mixing, sintering, and crushing ore concentrates to remove impurities preparatory to smelting process. May supervise workers engaged in calcining phosphate rock and be designated Supervisor, Calcining (smelt. & refin.). Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

519.130-030 SUPERVISOR, URANIUM PROCESSING (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing uranium ore to recover uranium oxide. Trains workers in setup and operation of equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

519.131-010 FOUNDRY SUPERVISOR (foundry)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in making cores and molds, in charging, operating, and tapping furnaces, in pouring molten metal into molds, and in chipping, grinding, and sandblasting castings: Examines materials and products at various stages of processing for conformance to specifications. Observes machines and equipment for malfunction and orders adjustments or repairs, or directs workers to make adjustments or repairs. Trains workers in foundry processes and in operation of machines and equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to part of process supervised as Casting Supervisor (foundry); Coremaking Supervisor (foundry); Cupola-Melting Supervisor (foundry); Finishing Supervisor (foundry); Mold-Making Supervisor (foundry); Shell-Core-And-Molding Supervisor (foundry); Wax-Room Supervisor (foundry).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.131-014 MILL-LABOR SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in maintaining ball mills, classifiers, flotation machines, and other ore-dressing equipment, and in cleaning offices, rest rooms, and work areas. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.132-010 SUPERVISOR, BLAST FURNACE (steel & rel.) alternate titles: blower, blast furnace

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation of blast furnace to produce molten pig iron: Directs workers in charging furnace with specified amounts of raw materials, such as iron ore, coke, and limestone. Observes color of molten metal through tuyeres, or reads pyrometer and orders changes in furnace temperature and pressure. Estimates amounts of ferrosilicon, manganese, and phosphorous to add to molten metal to obtain specified type of pig iron. Directs workers in flushing and tapping furnace and in positioning ladles to receive molten metal. Observes color of molten metal flowing in runners during casting operations to determine quality of iron. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.132-014 SUPERVISOR, BLAST-FURNACE-AUXILIARIES (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in unloading, crushing, screening, blending, and sintering iron ore. Directs workers in stockpiling materials, such as sinter cake, manganese, and limestone for blast furnace operations. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.132-018 SUPERVISOR, CELL OPERATION (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in electrolytic refining of magnesium and in making hydrochloric acid from chlorine freed during refining process. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.132-022 SUPERVISOR, SOLDER MAKING (nonfer. metal)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in refining scrap solder and tin and lead alloy with refined scrap to make solder: Directs workers in weighing tin, lead, and scrap solder and in refining operations. Molds and weighs test piece to compute ratio of tin and lead in refined metal. Computes amounts of tin, lead, and refined solder to be used in making solder according to formula. Directs workers in melting and mixing metals in melting pot, molding solder, weighing, recording weights, and packing. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.134-010 POT-LINING SUPERVISOR (smelt. & refin.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in relining aluminum-reduction pots with carbon paste to form cathode. Inspects work to verify conformance to standards. Trains new workers in job duties. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.137-010 SUPERVISOR, MOLD YARD (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning and coating molds used to cast steel ingots, and in relining and repairing mold covers (hot tops). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

519.137-014 SUPERVISOR, SCRAP PREPARATION (steel & rel.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in various duties, such as unloading scrap material from cars, sorting different grades of scrap into piles, burning or shearing scrap to charging-box size, and handling and storing ingots. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.362-010 NICKEL-PLANT OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls electrolysis tanks to purify electrolyte used in copper refining by removing copper, arsenic, and nickel: Places lead anodes and copper cathode starting sheets in tanks and turns valves to fill tanks with impure electrolyte. Switches on current and starts circulation pumps to remove copper from solution and deposit it onto cathode. Pumps solution into high-voltage tank system to deposit arsenic on cathodes. Pumps electrolyte from high-voltage tanks into evaporators that concentrate solution to specified specific gravity. Turns valves to drain condensed solution into settling tanks and to recover acid after nickel sulfate has settled.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.362-014 TANK-HOUSE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Controls equipment to purify copper by electrorefining: Signals MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to lower impure copper anodes into tank filled with electrolyte. Immerses copper starter sheets (cathodes) into tank. Passes steel rod between electrodes to break off lumps which might cause short circuit and to verify specified clearance between electrodes. Examines, cleans, and tightens electrical connections, using steel wool and handtools. Turns on electrical current, and verifies voltage, using voltmeter. Measures density of electrolyte, using hydrometer. Observes deposition of copper on cathodes, and signals MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to remove coated cathodes and depleted anodes from tank after specified time. Inspects tanks for defects, such as loose connections, leaks, deteriorated suspension bars and fittings, clogged floats, and drainage connections. Repairs or replaces parts, or notifies maintenance department. May cover lead sheets with primary coat of copper to make cathodes and be designated Starting-Sheet-Tank Operator (smelt. & refin.). May operate equipment that purifies copper through electrolysis without anodes and be designated Electro-Winning Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

519.387-010 MANOMETER TECHNICIAN (smelt. & refin.)

Tests pulverized material and computes specific gravity, using manometer tube: Collects mill samples, weighs specified amount of pulverized material, and pours it into cylinder and taps powder into compact mass. Raises mercury level in left side of manometer tube by pumping air into right side, using hand pump. Inserts cylinder of pulverized material into top of left tube. Releases air pressure from right side and times drop of mercury level in left side, using stopwatch. Computes specific surface of material, using standard algebraic formula. Reports below-standard reading to mill operator. May test milled sample of aluminum alloy to identify metals in sample and be designated Quantometer Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.484-010 CARNALLITE-PLANT OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Mixes ingredients to prepare carnallite flux used in refining magnesium: Weighs carnallite ingredients according to formula. Mixes ingredients on concrete floor, using shovel. Melts mixture in furnace crucible. Tilts furnace with handwheel to pour molten carnallite into cooling pans. Pulverizes solidified carnallite in grinding mill and shovels powder into metal drums.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.484-014 RAW SAMPLER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: sample carrier

Collects and prepares laboratory samples of metal-bearing ores, refined metals, and other materials, such as coke, cryolite, slag, scrap, or flue dust, by any combination of following methods: (1) Collects samples of crushed ore, concentrates, or other material from conveyors, storage bins, carloads, or refining equipment, using sample containers or diverting mechanisms on conveyors or chutes. Grinds materials, using grinder mill. Weighs, dries, and reweighs material, using scales and oven, and computes moisture content. Sifts material through screen to remove oversized particles. Places sample in labeled containers, flasks, or bags for laboratory analysis. (2) Takes samples of molten metal from furnaces or casting stations, using ladle and wafer mold. Stamps or marks identifying information on cast wafer for delivery to laboratory. (3) Cuts samples of metal sheet or plate, using shears or punch. Saws sample sections from metal castings, plate, or rod for metallurgical analysis, using circular saw. Smooths cut surfaces of metal with grinder and sandpaper. Etches samples in acid to expose crystalline structure for spectrographic analysis. Drills holes in castings to obtain shavings for laboratory analysis. Stamps or labels samples for identification.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.485-010 GRINDER-MILL OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends ball mill that grinds ore and classifier that separates coarse from fine particles: Turns pump valves and moves conveyor-control levers to feed soda ash, starch, lime, water, ore, and other materials into ball mill to make slurry. Adds chemical reagent to slurry that causes fine particles to float and enables classifier to separate fine from coarse particles and to return coarse ones to mill for regrinding. Obtains sample of slurry in bucket from mill and classifier. Weighs sample and calculates density of mixture or titrates sample to measure alkalinity. May examine ore tactually or observe its color to ascertain size of particles. May set automatic device to regulate amount of ore passing on conveyor belt to ball mill.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.485-014 RECOVERY-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists RECOVERY OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in operating kiln, ball mill, and conveyor system to recover soluble soda and alumina from waste materials: Moves controls to adjust feeds to rotary kiln and ball mill and to regulate operation of dust-collection equipment. Reads and records tank levels and slurry and soda ash temperatures. Collects and weighs batches of slurry to determine density. Measures oxygen content of flue gases, using gas analyzer. Keeps operating log. Turns valves to supply water to kiln trunnions and water-cooled bearings. Lubricates valves and adjusts packing glands to prevent leaks. Cleans cooler grates, using handtools. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.565-010 DIGESTION OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends battery of digester vessels that dissolve bauxite in plant liquor: Turns valves on pumps to transfer liquor and bauxite slurry through heaters into digester vessels. Turns valves to inject milk of lime into vessels. Adjusts pumps and valves to circulate cleaning solution through process lines. Collects samples of slurry and alumina solution for laboratory analysis. Keeps log of operations.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.565-014 TANK-HOUSE-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

Assists TANK-HOUSE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in setting up electrolytic copper-refining tanks by performing any combination of following duties: Cuts, strips, and trims copper sheets from starting blanks, using knife, pincers, and power shear. Places sheets in machine to clean and coat them with oil solution. Cinches or rivets loop strips to sheets, using looping machine. Straightens starter sheet blanks, using paddle or sledgehammer. Lifts and hangs starter sheets on electrical suspension bars in tanks. Guides MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) in positioning or removing anodes and coated starting plates. Scrapes and flushes out tanks, using scraping tools and water hose. May be designated according to function performed as Grease-Machine Worker (smelt. & refin.); Looper (smelt. & refin.); Sheet Hanger (smelt. & refin.); Stripper (smelt. & refin.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.582-010 RECOVERY OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Operates rotary kiln, ball mill and conveying equipment to recover soluble soda and alumina from waste materials: Moves lever and switch controls to start and regulate rotation speed of kiln. Moves controls to maintain specified temperatures throughout kiln and feed rate of kiln. Catches samples of slurry clinker from kiln, and observes discharge of slurry at sample points to ensure specified burning. Moves controls of cooling air fan, cooler exhaust fan, and air dampers to adjust temperature of grate cooler and airflows to burners. Moves controls and adjusts feed valves to start conveyor and bucket elevator system and to transport calcined clinker, bauxite, and soda ash into ball mill. Regulates valves and pumps to transfer slurry from ball mill into digestion tanks and to supply water to kiln trunnions and water-cooled bearings. Keeps operating log. Replaces charts in automatic recording devices.
GOE: 06.02.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

519.585-010 HARDNESS TESTER (mine & quarry)

Tends tumble drums, screens, and balance scales to test hardness of baked taconite pellets: Reads schedule to obtain specifications, such as furnace from which pellets are to be drawn and time of withdrawal, and notifies sampling personnel to prepare sample pellets. Pours sample over screen, and weighs screened pellets on balance scale. Dumps pellets into drum, and starts drum rotating for specified number of turns. Screens tumbled pellets, and weighs them to determine weight loss from tumbling. Reads conversion chart to obtain hardness number. Records hardness number of samples tested. May clean work area, using broom, shovel, and water hose.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.585-014 MUD BOSS (smelt. & refin.)

Tends machines that drain, filter, dry, crush, and package slime from electrolytic tanks, preparatory to recovery of valuable metals, such as gold, silver, platinum, and vanadium: Pulls lever to drain and filter slime from electrolytic tanks into storage tank. Drains slime into machine to subject it to heat and pressure to remove moisture. Starts conveyor to transport dry slime to automatic grinder machine. Observes flow of slime from grinder into container. Weighs container, and marks weight on container and tally sheet. Inspects tanks for leaks and other defects. Collects samples of liquids for analysis. May tend machine which dries and presses slime into cakes for shipment. May transfer electrolyte from one tank to another by passing it through intermediate steam-heated tank, offsetting evaporation by adding hot water. May smooth surface of starting sheets with sandpaper to remove pits and scratches.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.585-018 SAMPLE TESTER-GRINDER (mine & quarry)

Tends crushers, ovens, and screens to test samples of ore: Starts crusher to pulverize ore. Removes ore from crusher and places it in oven to dry. Sends portion of sample to laboratory for chemical analysis. Places sample in vibrator containing magnets and water. Starts vibrator to separate magnetic content of ore from impurities. Drains water from vibrator and weighs magnetic remainder. Pours ore sample through series of vibrating screens of different size openings to separate ore samples. Weighs and records each size of ore. Records number of tests performed. May collect ore samples from various sites in plant or mine, and record origin of samples. May perform chemical sedimentation or hardness tests on samples.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.663-010 DOOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Operates machine equipped with door jack and coke guide to remove doors from discharge end of coke ovens and guide discharged coke from oven to quenching car: Drives machine along rails to designated oven. Moves levers to hook machine arm onto door and remove it from oven, and to position frame which guides discharged coke from oven into quenching cars. Signals PUSHER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to discharge coke from oven. Cleans fire clay and tars from door and jamb, using chisel bar. Gathers dry clay and residue with shovel and wheelbarrow, and dumps it into hopper. Replaces door. May manually hook coke-guide hangers to oven and drop apron to oven sill. May steam clean door machine.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.663-014 HOT-CAR OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Drives electric car to haul hot coke from oven to quenching station and wharf: Positions dumpcar coupled to electric car below coke guide on designated oven. Signals PUSHER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to discharge coke. Moves car forward to distribute coke evenly in car. Transports coke to quenching station, and starts equipment that sprays hot coke with measured amount of water. Moves car to wharf, and turns air valve to open gates on car and dump coke on wharf. Cleans cab and cab windows, using cleaning agents, broom, and brushes.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.663-018 PUSHER OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

Operates pusher machine which runs on rails at base of coke ovens, to push hot coke from ovens: Drives pusher to designated oven. Moves levers to hook door arm to oven door and to remove it from oven, and to position ram. Starts ram at signal from worker on discharge side of oven to push coke out of oven. Withdraws ram and replaces door in oven. Moves leveling bar back and forth through opening near top of oven to level fresh charge of coal. Signals LARRY OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to recharge oven. Cleans pusher, using steam hose.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.664-010 ASSEMBLY CLEANER (smelt. & refin.)

Removes pot crust and carbon from spent anode assemblies, and cast-iron thimbles from contact rods, using crushing press, handtools, and power tools: Secures anode assembly to vibrating table, using hydraulic shaft and clamps. Depresses pedal to activate vibration that shakes loose pot crust (cryolite), and breaks crust remaining on anode, using airhammer. Sorts scrap aluminum from crust, and throws scrap in barrel. Removes anode assembly from table. Pushes pot crust from table into hopper of automatic crusher to prepare crust for reuse. Observes machine and clears jams in hopper. Breaks carbon or pot crust from contact rods, using hammer or airhammer. Observes automatic thimble press that crushes and cracks cast-iron thimble formed around rod, and stops machine when malfunction occurs. Examines assemblies on conveyor to detect damaged rods, and removes assemblies that need repair. Removes cast iron reclaimed from rods for transfer to reduction furnace for remelting. May be designated according to operation performed as Anode-Assembly Cleaner (smelt. & refin.) II; Thimble-Press Operator (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.664-014 POT LINER (smelt. & refin.)

Relines pots and rebuilds continuous anodes used in reduction of aluminum by performing any combination of following duties: Replaces spacers, shunts, risers, brackets, straps, supports, and collector bars in pots, using wrenches. Attaches cables to pot superstructure and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lift it from pot. Blows dust from top of anode, using air gun. Cuts metal sheet to size, using shears or pneumatic cutter, bends it around stub of anode, and rivets it to casing. Roughens top of stub, using fork, and pours carbon paste into form to build up anode to specified height. Pours water into pot to loosen material. Digs burned-out lining, insulation ore, bath material, and brick from interior of pot, using digger or jackhammer. Lays brick base on pot floor and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) to dump carbon mix into pot. Lines walls and floor with mix to specified depth, and tamps mix into cracks, using pneumatic hammer. Reforms shell cavity with insulating board, masonite, plywood, or sheet metal. Removes steel shell for repair, using hoist.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.665-010 GRANULATOR TENDER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: slag expander

Tends granulator machine that expands blast-furnace slag for use as building or insulating material: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to position iron runners that carry slag from furnace to granulator machine. Opens gate of furnace to allow slag from furnace to flow onto runners, and turns water, air, and steam valves to spray slag in granulator. Positions container under discharge chute of granulator to receive expanded slag, using car puller. Starts conveyor that carries expanded slag from granulator to discharge chute. Stops equipment and clears slag from runners, granulator, and conveyor, using iron bar. Lubricates equipment, using grease gun and oilcan.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.665-014 STANDPIPE TENDER (steel & rel.)

Tends equipment that regulates flow of byproduct gases in coke-oven standpipes preparatory to discharging or charging oven: Moves controls to regulate flow of gases to collecting main, to open standpipes and oven charging holes, clear oven and standpipe of gases, and control flow of ammonia liquor and steam during charging. Sweeps spillage into charging holes. Cleans top of ovens, using broom and shovel. Clears standpipe, nozzles, and charging holes, using chisel bar and drill. Pokes coal from hoppers on charging car, using bar. May hook chains to oven doors and use winch to raise or lower doors. May loosen, unplug, and move tar in main, using bar [CHASER, TAR (steel & rel.)].
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.665-018 WET-PLANT OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends equipment that recovers cadmium, lead sulfate, and zinc oxide from dust collected in precipitators: Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to dump dust into tank from which it is processed through series of sulfating tanks to precipitate and wash lead sulfate and cadmium. Pumps washed liquor to another tank for treatment prior to recovery of zinc oxide. Prepares lime solution and mixes it with zinc oxide liquor. Titrates samples or tests solution for acidity and specific gravity, using hydrometer. Distills cadmium in retort furnace.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.667-010 CARBON SETTER (smelt. & refin.)

Replaces carbon anodes of electrolytic cells used in processing aluminum or magnesium: Disconnects anode assembly from connector arm, using wrenches. Signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lift burned anodes from pot and lower new anode assembly into pot. Cleans connector arms, using sandblast hose. Fastens anode rod to connector arm, and adjusts assembly to suspend anode in bath. Breaks burnt carbon block from steel stubs, using sledgehammer, and unbolts steel stubs from copper rods, using wrench. Shovels broken carbon into boxes, and loads rods and stubs on trailers for removal.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.667-014 LABORER, SOLDER MAKING (nonfer. metal)

Performs any combination of tasks involved in melting, refining, and pouring solder: Shovels scrap into furnace melting pots and adjusts fuel valves to regulate melting. Skims off dross with ladle. Plunges sieve box filled with potatoes to bottom of molten metal so that steam from charring potatoes agitates metal and brings additional dross to top. Skims off remaining dross. Ladles refined metal from pots to molds. Removes cooled metal from molds and places it on handtruck. Mixes tin, lead, or refined scrap solder in melting pots, as directed by SUPERVISOR, SOLDER MAKING (nonfer. metal). Ladles new solder into pig molds or into troughs of solder-making table. May cut bars into short lengths. Ties bars into bundles and packs bundles for shipment or storage. May charge lead and tin pigs into furnace melting pots, by hand or using overhead power hoist. May weigh pigs preparatory to charging furnace, using scale. May level machine that converts molten lead-tin alloys into powdered metal to process solder cream and be designated Solder Cream Maker (nonfer. metal).
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.683-010 DROSS SKIMMER (smelt. & refin.)

Operates overhead crane to control perforated metal basket to skim dross from molten lead and to transfer lead from blast furnace to heated kettle: Moves levers to lower basket and skim off dross into barrel for salvage. Attaches electrically powered pump to kettle and starts pump to transfer molten lead into kettle. Starts powered stirrer that agitates lead. Skims off sulfide dross into barrel, using crane. Moves containers to salvage bin, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.683-014 LARRY OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: charger-car operator; charging-car operator; gas tender

Operates larry (electric charging-car) to charge coal into coke ovens: Weighs empty larry on scale to obtain tare weight. Opens chutes of storage bin to dump specified weight of coal into hoppers on larry. Drives larry to ovens, and moves controls to position hoppers over open charging holes. Pushes levers to drop thimbles (sleeves) into charging holes and to open slides in hoppers. Pokes bar through opening in hopper to force coal into oven. Records oven number, battery, date, mix of coal, and shift. May move controls to lower and raise porcupine in open standpipe to clean walls. May signal PUSHER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to level coal in oven.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.684-010 LADLE LINER (foundry; smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: ladle cleaner; ladle patcher

Repairs and relines ladles used to transport and pour molten metals: Chips slag from interior lining of ladle, using hammer and chisel. Mixes sand, clay, and water, using shovel to form refractory clay mud. Patches lining where cracked or worn by covering lining with refractory clay and tamping it in place. Chips out entire lining when beyond repair, using hammer and chisel. Relines ladle with refractory clay, using trowel. Dries and bakes new lining by placing inverted ladle over burner, building fire in ladle, or by using blowtorch. Relines and shapes pouring spouts of ladles with fire clay. May reline ladles with refractory brick. May make stoppers for stopper-type ladle. May brush graphite facing on lining.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.684-014 LEAF COVERER (smelt. & refin.)

Cleans and re-covers leaves of aluminum-ore filtering units, using overhead bridge crane and handtools: Opens filter units and removes filter leaves, using crane. Strips worn covers from filter leaves, using knife and wire cutters. Transports filter leaves from filter units into cleaning vats, using crane. Cleans discharge neck of leaves, and swabs them with graphite paste. Covers cleaned filter leaves with cloth, and replaces leaves in filter units, using crane.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.684-018 MOLD DRESSER (any industry) alternate titles: mold repairer

Removes residue, blemishes, corrosion, and similar defects from interior of molds, using handtools and power tools: Inspects interior surfaces of molds to locate pits and holes. Positions molds for work, using hoist. Repairs defects, using hammers, drills, chisels, routers, or grinding wheel. Smooths interior of mold, using file, buffing wheel, emery paper, or steelwool. May add metal to or remove metal from plates, rings, and molds, using welding equipment and files. May reassemble molds after repairing. May be designated according to type of mold repaired as Glass-Mold Repairer (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.684-022 STOPPER MAKER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: stopper-rod maker

Assembles refractory stoppers used to plug pouring nozzles of steel ladles: Mixes specified amount of refractory mortar powder with water, using trowel or hoe. Fastens stopper head to rod with metal pin. Spreads mortar on rod, using trowel, and slides brick sleeves over rod to form refractory jacket. Tightens locknuts holding assembly together, using wrench. Spreads mortar on jacket to seal sleeve joints. Hoists stopper and rod assembly on drying rack and pushes rack in oven to dry mortar. Pulls rack from oven and pushes it to storage area.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.684-026 TOOL REPAIRER (smelt. & refin.)

Repairs worn and damaged equipment and tools used by workers engaged in electrolytic refining of copper: Examines rubber boots and gloves and fills them with water to detect holes. Mends holes with rubber patches. Mends leaky metal buckets by soldering holes. Grinds dull tools, such as picks, shovels, and scoops, using electrically powered emery wheel. Replaces handles, hose, and other defective parts of tools and equipment. Issues new or repaired replacements.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

519.685-010 BRIQUETTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: pellet-press operator

Tends equipment to dry, mix, and compress copper fines into briquettes for use by smelter: Starts belt conveyors that automatically feed mixture from wet-bin hopper to heated rotary dryer. Turns valve to set burner at specified temperature. Tests moisture content of mixture by feeling with fingers. Pulls lever to open discharge gate of heating chamber to admit mixture into pug mill. Opens valve to add binding solution to obtain mixture of required consistency. Turns valve to feed mixture into press to form briquettes. Oils and greases equipment, using oilcan and grease gun.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.685-014 GROUT-MACHINE TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends machine that forces mortar into spaces between firebrick and steel shell of taconite ore furnace: Inspects furnace to detect discoloration spots which indicate flaws in firebrick inner wall of furnace. Shovels grout into reservoir of machine. Attaches airhose to compressed air system and grout hose to nipple on shell of furnace with wrench. Starts machine and observes pressure gauge to determine when space is filled. Caps nipple welded onto furnace shell, using wrench. May mix mortar, using electrically driven paddle wheel. May dismantle and clean grout machine and equipment, using wrenches, water, and airhoses.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.685-018 KETTLE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

Tends oil-fired kettles that melt and fume antimony to make antimony oxide: Charges antimony crystals into melting kettle with hoist, and fires burners. Regulates temperature according to thermometer readings and color and appearance of metal. Skims slag from surface of kettle. Connects trough from melting to fuming kettle, and pours metal into trough by tilting kettle. Heats metal to specified temperature to vaporize antimony which is drawn to baghouse and condensed as oxide dust. Fills buggy with antimony oxide from hoppers, and weighs filled buggy on floor scale. Empties buggy onto conveyor leading to rotating drum in which oxides from different charges are blended. Transfers blended dust to conveyor leading to automatic bagging machine. Determines antimony content by casting sample into rod of specified size, weighing it, and referring to standard chart.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.685-022 KETTLE TENDER I (smelt. & refin.)

Tends series of oil-fired kettles that refine lead: Charges kettle with lead in molten or pig form, and fires kettle. Adds specified type and amount of reagent and agitates mixture to cause impurities, such as antimony, arsenic, bismuth, and tin to form into dross. Skims dross off mixture, using ladle, shovel, or perforated dipper. Throws zinc bricks into kettle and agitates mixture to desilverize lead. Skims crust of silver and gold content into basket of press, and compresses dross with air-driven ram. Pumps lead through reaction cylinder while chlorine is admitted to form zinc chloride slag. Skims slag after completion of reaction as indicated by color of slag and molten metal. Pours metal into molds or dips samples into cold water to prepare them for laboratory analysis. May hook pot to crane and signal OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to transfer lead from one kettle to another. May crystallize zinc in water-cooled vacuum tank to remove zinc from desilverized lead. May produce antimony crystals from antimonial lead by mixing prescribed reagents with molten metal in kettle, by skimming dross, and by cooling bath to specified temperature. May be known according to specific duty performed as Desilverizer (smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

519.685-026 MUD-MILL TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

Tends mill that mixes flue dust with water to settle it for shipment: Opens bin outlet allowing dust to fall into mixing mill. Dislodges banked dust in bin by hammering sides. Starts mill and opens valve of water spray. Opens door of mill allowing moistened dust to fall onto conveyor belt leading to railroad car. May distribute mixture evenly in car, using shovel.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.685-030 ROD-MILL TENDER (cement; smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: regrind mill operator

Tends rod mills that grind ore, clinkers, and rock into fine particles: Starts mill and feed conveyors. Turns valves to feed lime, water, starch, soda ash, and other materials into mill to make slurry. Pushes button to start screw conveyor that separates coarse particles from slurry and returns them to mill for regrinding. Obtains sample of ore or slurry in bucket for laboratory analysis. Weighs sample on balance scales to determine density of slurry. Turns valves to feed water into mill to obtain specified density of slurry. Replaces worn rods in mill, using electric hoist. May record operating time of rod mills and levels of materials in storage bins.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.686-010 LABORER, GENERAL (nonfer. metal)

Performs any combination of tasks to aid other workers in production of nonferrous metal products: Transfers boxes of metal scrap from work areas to storage areas, using handtruck, and records quantity and type of scrap transferred. Dumps scrap metal into crusher that reduces bulk of metal. Shovels metal scrap onto furnace conveyor to dry scrap preparatory to melting. Dumps paste oil or fat into drum, adds water, and mixes solution, using steam hose, to prepare lubricant used in drawing tubes and rods. Examines metal products for defects, such as dents, cracks, and scratches. Taps dents from products, using mallet. Feeds metal castings into automatic finishing machine that performs operations, such as reaming, stamping, and cleaning. Scrapes carbon, dirt, and metal particles from interior surface of casting molds. May be known according to specific duties performed as Chip-Crusher Operator (nonfer. metal); Chip Drier (nonfer. metal); Inspector (nonfer. metal) II; General Scrap Worker (nonfer. metal); Soap Worker (nonfer. metal).
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-010 CELL PLASTERER (smelt. & refin.)

Seals opening around carbon anode, where it protrudes through cover of magnesium refining cell, to prevent leakage of chlorine gas and to secure anode in position. Applies mixture of asbestos fiber or pulp and water or oil, using trowel.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.687-014 DUST PULLER (smelt. & refin.) alternate titles: flue-dust laborer

Rakes or scrapes flue dust from converter flues or hoppers into larry cars or screw conveyors for shipment to furnaces. Breaks up packed dust with bar or pole, and hammers sides of hopper with mallet or bar to dislodge contents. May drive larry car to furnace, and dump load into furnace. May scrape dust into collecting hoppers. May measure depth of dust in flue, using sounding chain.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-018 FLUX-TUBE ATTENDANT (nonfer. metal; smelt. & refin.)

Mixes flux for graphite tubes and replaces tubes and chemical supply tanks on aluminum remelt furnaces: Mixes silicon aluminum paint solution (flux) and dips ends of new graphite tubes into solution to coat them. Transports tubes and tanks of chlorine and nitrogen to furnaces, using handtruck. Turns valves to shut off flow of chlorine and removes tubes from furnace, using handtools. Discards broken tubes and installs new ones. Cleans usable tubes, using wire brush, and installs them to specified depth. Installs replacement tanks of chlorine and nitrogen on furnace, using handtools, and adjusts valves until tank pressure and flowmeters reach specifications. Records amounts of chemicals and tubes used for each furnace. Tours furnace area to verify readings of pressure and flowmeter gauges and makes required adjustments.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.687-022 FOUNDRY WORKER, GENERAL (foundry)

Performs any combination of following tasks in foundry concerned with melting metal, pouring metal into molds, removing castings from molds, dressing castings, moving foundry materials, and cleaning equipment and work areas: Moves sand, castings, flasks, or other materials about foundry by hand, using wheelbarrow or cart, or by loading them onto conveyor. Assembles flasks, using wrench, bolts, and tap screws. Waters and mixes sand, shovels sand into flasks, and compacts sand in flasks, using ramming tool. Sprays binder on surface of sand molds and dries surface with blowtorch. Fits together, clamps, and unclamps cope and drag on production line. Weighs out specified amounts of materials for furnace charge, and loads charge into melting furnace. Skims slag from surface of molten metal, using scoop. Carries or pushes ladles of molten metal on monorail and pours metal into molds. Installs and removes steel jackets and bands used to hold snap molds together during casting. Breaks sand mold from finished casting, using bar or hammer. Sorts castings into pairs or groups for assembly. Pulls reinforcing wires from castings. Directs high pressure stream of water onto castings to clean castings and remove cores. Cleans castings, patterns, and flasks, using wire brush. Removes gates, sprues, and other projections from castings with sledge, pneumatic hammer, power shear, or power hacksaw. Breaks up used sand molds with bar, shovels sand into drying oven and sand-mixing machine, and sifts sand through motor-driven screen for reuse in new molds. Breaks up slag, using hammer, and shovels it into buckets for removal to dump. Chips out worn cupola and ladle linings, using bar. Prepares plaster and relines ladle. Sweeps and cleans work areas. May be designated according to worker assisted or according to duty performed as Casting Carrier (foundry); Casting Sorter (foundry); Cupola-Tender Helper (foundry); Flask Carrier (foundry); Jacket Changer (foundry); Ladle-Liner Helper (foundry). May be designated: Ladle Pusher (foundry); Mold Clamper (foundry); Mold-Closer Helper (foundry); Molder Helper (foundry); Molder Helper, Machine (foundry); Mold Stacker (foundry); Pattern Carrier (foundry); Pattern Cleaner (foundry); Sand-Screener Operator (foundry); Sand Shoveler (foundry); Sand Wheeler (foundry); Shake-Out Worker (foundry); Skimmer (foundry); Slag Worker (foundry); Sprue Knocker (foundry).
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-026 LABORER, GENERAL (smelt. & refin.)

Performs any combination of following tasks as directed by workers engaged in crushing, sampling, smelting, refining, loading, and moving ore and other materials, and cleaning machines and equipment: Loads and unloads material from freight cars or trucks, manually or using hoist, conveyor, or handtruck. Sifts and screens materials, using screen and shovel. Fills sacks or barrels with materials, such as arsenic, nickel, and selenium. Weighs materials, such as ore and scrap. Shovels scrap into trucks and storage bins or sorts and stacks scrap. Segregates and stacks castings, using tongs or hoist, and marks or stamps identifying codes on castings. Flushes mud and sludge from cooling and circulating tanks, using water hose and scrapers. Removes arsenic from kitchens, using cable-drawn scrapers. Empties slag pans from furnace, using hoist. Brushes cores with oil to prevent cores from cracking. Hooks and unhooks charge boxes and scrap trucks, to and from overhead crane. Cleans work area and delivers samples to laboratory for analysis. May remove scrap metal and wood from conveyors that feed machines. May spray firebrick with clay solution to reduce corrosive and abrasive action.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-030 MACHINE-CASTINGS PLASTERER (foundry)

Caulks machine castings, using putty knife or trowel: Measures out required amount of metallic plaster, and mixes it into paste of specified consistency. Applies paste to surface of machine castings, filling cracks and blowholes and leveling rough spots, using putty knife or small trowel. Allows putty to dry and sands plaster to smooth surface.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-034 RODDING-ANODE WORKER (smelt. & refin.)

Renews carbon anode assemblies used in electrolytic processing of aluminum by performing any combination of following duties: Removes carbon blocks from conveyor, using hoist. Feeds steel stubs on conveyor through bath solution to coat them with graphite. Positions pouring ring and steel stub on carbon block. Tilts crucible to pour molten iron around stub to cast it to block. Bolts copper rod to stub, using wrench. Loads anode assemblies onto trailer for removal to potroom, using hoist. Unbolts copper rod from steel stub embedded in disintegrated block. Places stub in hydraulic press and pulls lever to break off unused portions of block. Cleans and straightens stubs and rods, using chipping gun, disk grinder, and straightening hammer. Chips iron splashings from poured blocks, using chisel and hammer. Pushes buttons and pulls levers to activate and switch conveyors to move blocks or assemblies through assembly process.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

519.687-038 STOPPER-MAKER HELPER (steel & rel.)

Assists STOPPER MAKER (steel & rel.) in assembling refractory stoppers: Places steel rod in vise and bends it to specified shape, using sledgehammer. Mixes cement and fire clay with water to form refractory mortar. Carries materials, such as rods, stopper heads, and sleeves, to work area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

519.687-042 TEST WORKER (foundry)

Obtains sample of molten metal from each furnace heat, using hand ladle or glass tube: Dips hand ladle or inserts glass tube into pouring ladle, before molds are poured. Pours molten metal into sand mold or allows it to solidify in glass tube. Breaks or drills solidified metal to obtain test sample, using hammer or drill press. Marks sample according to heat from which sample was taken.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

52 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF FOOD, TOBACCO, AND RELATED PRODUCTS

This division includes occupations concerned with preparing food, tobacco, and related products for commercial use. Includes manufacturing phases after harvesting and prior to marketing. Such activities as slaughtering livestock, blending cheeses, fermenting alcohol, and smoking hams are included in this division. Marking and packaging occupations are included here when they occur at the end of a production process.

520 MIXING, COMPOUNDING, BLENDING, KNEADING, SHAPING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with combining and mingling various materials to produce a single mass or compound and working an object or material by pressure and configuration to shape it or effect its texture and consistency.

520.132-010 BLENDING SUPERVISOR (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending various grades of flour into blends and mixing blends with cooking ingredients to prepare self-rising flour and premixes: Confers with plant management and other supervisors to plan daily production and coordinate blending department activities with other departments. Inventories storage bins and packaging hoppers to determine priority of blends and availability of grades for blending. Trains new workers. Turns knobs on blending equipment to set blending meters for scheduled grades of flour to be produced. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.132-014 SUPERVISOR, COMPRESSED YEAST (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in pressing, mixing, and packaging bakers yeast: Trains workers in operation of machines. Examines and feels yeast throughout process for color, consistency, and sharpness of breaking edge. Observes progress of yeast through filter pressing, mixing, extruding, and packaging operations to ensure continuous workflow, conformity to specifications, and sanitary conditions. Prepares and submits requisitions for materials and supplies. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

520.136-010 BLENDING SUPERVISOR (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in feeding tobacco leaves onto blending conveyor: Plans daily work schedules based on analysis of work orders and inventory of tobacco in storage area. Assigns workers to feed tobacco of different grades into conveyor to achieve specified blend. Instructs individual workers to adjust rate of feeding based on hourly poundage and blending report. Compiles reports to show daily production and departmental labor cost by grade. Confers with plant officials and other supervisors to coordinate flow of tobacco through department. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.137-010 SUPERVISOR, LUMP ROOM (tobacco) alternate titles: supervisor, rolling room

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in molding lumps, plugs, or twists of chewing tobacco: Reads production schedules for information, such as quantity of plugs or twists and type of blend and wrapper leaf specified. Computes amount of filler and wrapper leaf required for production. Examines plugs and twists to detect variations from standards. Schedules cleaning and repairing of lump-making machines to avoid interruptions of production. Coordinates receipt of tobacco from casing and drying department and transfer of plugs to shipping department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

520.361-010 HONEY GRADER-AND-BLENDER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: honey liquefier

Grades honey according to type, color, bouquet, and moisture content, and blends various grades to obtain uniform product: Compares samples of liquid honey lots with standard samples for color and bouquet, and ascertains moisture content, using refractometer. Calculates amount of various types of honey for mixing to produce product of uniform color, clarity, and bouquet. Directs other workers in dumping and blending of various honey lots in warming chamber. May grade and mark honeycomb sections according to government regulations.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.362-010 BULK-PLANT OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Controls equipment in bulk sugar plant to load and unload sugar and to blend sugar syrups according to formula: Signals drivers or engineers by hand to give directions in positioning trucks and railroad cars for unloading. Positions conveyors and attaches unloading hoses and pipes to truck and railroad cars. Opens conveyor gate and pipe valves and starts pumps, blowers, and conveyors to unload sugar from vehicle and to transport it to storage bins. Starts pumps and agitators to transport and mix specified amounts of water, corn syrup, and sugar in blending tanks. Dumps bags of diatomaceous earth into blend and pumps mixture through filter to remove impurities. Tests syrup to measure acid, yeast, and soluble sugar content, using pH meter and refractometer. Keeps records of test results, weight of sugar received and shipped, amount and type of syrup blended, and percentage of wasted materials. May weigh truck before and after loading. May tend steam boiler to supply steampower to plant equipment [BOILER OPERATOR (any industry)].
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.362-014 DRY-STARCH OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates machines and equipment to mix cornstarch blends: Signals STARCH-TREATING ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills) to admit starch suspension into mixing and storage tanks, and to dump measured amount of chemicals into mixing tanks to prepare chemical solutions. Reads meters and turns valves to admit chemical solutions into blending tank. Manipulates switches and turns valves to regulate heaters and agitators that mix solutions, and to pump starch mixtures into blending and filter tanks. Receives or draws samples of product and performs standard tests to ascertain if acidity, alkalinity, and viscosity conform to specifications, using hydrometer and other test equipment. Records quantity and kind of chemicals used. Inspects equipment and observes gauges, thermometers, and meters to maintain efficient production. May direct workers engaged in regulating filters, shakers, centrifugal driers, and related equipment to produce dry starch products.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

520.382-010 CISTERN-ROOM OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: cistern-room working supervisor; subwarehouse supervisor

Controls regauging equipment from panelboard to reduce proof of newly distilled liquor in cistern tank before barreling: Reads charts to ascertain proof of liquor to be regauged, number of gallons to be regauged, and number of gallons of deionized water required to produce liquor of specified proof. Pumps specified number of gallons of liquor and deionized water into cistern tank. Opens valves to admit compressed air and agitate mixture. Reads thermometer and alcohol-proof hydrometer during process and compares readings with standard gauging manual to determine final proof of liquor. Pumps liquor into filling tanks for barreling or into railroad tank cars for shipment.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.382-014 LIQUID-SUGAR MELTER (sugar & conf.)

Controls equipment to blend granulated sugar and water to produce liquid sucrose of specified concentration: Reads job order to ascertain type and amount of liquid sucrose specified. Opens water and steam valves to fill tank and heat water to specified temperature. Reads chart to ascertain amount of sugar required for producing liquid sucrose of specified concentration. Starts pneumatic conveyors and opens valves to fill hopper with specified amount of sugar. Opens hopper gate to feed sugar into heated water. Starts agitators to mix liquid sucrose in tank for specified period. Closes steam valve and allows liquid to cool. Pumps liquid sucrose from mixing tank to specified storage tank. Records operating data in station log. Takes samples of liquid sucrose produced for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.384-010 BENCH HAND (bakery products) alternate titles: baker, bench; dough molder, hand

Forms dough for bread, buns, and other bakery products: Rolls dough to desired thickness with rolling pin or guides dough through rolling machine. Sprinkles flour on dough and workbench to prevent dough from sticking. Kneads dough to eliminate gases formed by yeast. Cuts dough into pieces with knife or handcutter. Adds spices, fruits, or seeds when making special rolls or breads. Weighs pieces on scales and keeps record of production. Places dough in baking pans. May cut dough into bun divisions by machine. May form dough into special shapes and add fillings or flavorings.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.385-010 MIXER, WHIPPED TOPPING (food prep., nec)

Tends machines that mix and blend ingredients to make whipped topping for use on desserts: Weighs prescribed amounts of raw materials, such as oil, water, sugar, and caustics. Adjusts thermostat for specified temperature in mixers and pumps or dumps ingredients into tank of mixer. Admits prescribed quantities of water and other ingredients into mixing tank at specified intervals. Tests solution for specified acidity, using pH meter. Pumps mixture into blending tank and adds flavoring prior to pasteurization.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.387-010 BLENDER (tobacco) alternate titles: granulating blender; leaf blender

Selects various grades and kinds of tobacco, to produce specific blend, according to formula and knowledge of tobacco characteristics: Removes leaves or hands of tobacco from hogsheads or bins, sorting tobacco according to texture, color, variety, and locality grown. Feeds specified amount of various grades and types of tobacco onto conveyor, or places tobacco in baskets, boxes, or piles for processing.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.462-010 DOUGH-MIXER OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: control-panel operator

Controls semiautomatic equipment, from control panel, to blend ingredients for bread and deposit specified quantity of dough in baking pans: Notifies other workers to admit broth into feedlines and to start loading specified size pans onto conveyor. Turns handwheel to adjust conveyor guides to size of pans. Starts flour sifter, premixer that blends ingredients, and developer that kneads dough, working from remote control panel. Observes dials and recording instruments to verify temperature of broth, viscosity of dough, and speed of mixing units. Feels dough emerging from developer to ascertain that consistency meets plant standard. Turns developer speed control to specified setting and starts divider blades that pinch off and drop dough into pans passing on conveyor. Turns handwheel and control bar to adjust discharge aperture above divider blades so that dough is uniformly shaped and deposited in center of pan. Weighs sample pieces of dough and turns divider speed handle to regulate amount of dough deposited in pans. Records temperatures, viscosity, and feed rate from instrument readings.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.485-010 FLOUR MIXER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: mixer-and-scaler; mixer operator

Tends machine that mixes flour and ingredients, such as buttermilk solids, phosphate, salt, soda, and sugar, to produce self-rising or other premixed flour: Dumps specified amount of flour into mixer or turns dial to convey measured amount into mixer. Weighs and dumps other ingredients, such as buttermilk solids, phosphate, soda, and sugar, according to formula, and starts machine. May record amount of ingredients in each batch. May be designated according to type of flour mixed as Self-Rising-Flour Mixer (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.485-014 GRAIN MIXER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: grain blender

Tends equipment to mix grain for milling into blended flour: Starts belt conveyor and adjusts valve controls on automatic feeders to regulate proportions of specified grades of grain flowing from storage tanks onto conveyor. Starts conveyors to transfer grain to milling department. May inspect grain for smut, rust, or other contamination. May find weight of minimum test bushel by filling standard measure with grain and recording weight.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.485-018 MINCEMEAT MAKER (can. & preserv.)

Tends equipment to mix ingredients used in preparing mincemeat: Weighs and measures ingredients, such as raisins, currants, ground orange peels, salt, spices, and hot water, using platform scale and measuring containers. Dumps ingredients from measuring containers into kettle and activates agitator to mix ingredients for specified period of time. Turns valve to permit ingredients to flow from kettle into cooling trough preparatory to canning.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.485-022 REFINED-SYRUP OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that blends, inverts, and cools edible sugar syrups according to production schedules: Opens valves and starts pumps to move specified amounts of syrups and inverting materials from storage to mixing tanks. Calculates proportions of ingredients when blending syrups other than standard. Conducts light tests to determine viscosity and color of syrup, using refractometer and polariscope. Bottles samples of products for laboratory analysis. Opens valves to route and distribute syrups to tank cars or trucks. Maintains production and distribution records.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.485-026 SYRUP MAKER (beverage) alternate titles: cooker, syrup; sauce maker

Tends equipment to mix ingredients that produce syrups used in canned fruits and preserves, flavorings, frozen novelty confections, or non-alcoholic beverages: Determines amounts of ingredients, such as sugar, water, and flavoring, required for specified quantity of syrup of designated specific gravity, using sugar concentration and dilution charts. Opens valve to admit liquid sugar and water into mixer, or dumps crystalline sugar into mixer and admits water. Adds flavoring ingredients and starts mixer to make syrup. Opens valve to admit steam into jacket of mixer to invert sugar, eliminate air, and sterilize syrup. Tests syrup for sugar content, using hydrometer or refractometer. Pumps syrup to storage tank. May filter syrup to remove impurities and be designated Syrup Filterer (beverage). May blend raw syrups and be designated Syrup Blender (beverage).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.485-030 STARCHMAKER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment to separate starch from ground potatoes, and adds chemicals to resulting solution to produce starch of specified purity: Flushes shaker screen containing ground potatoes, using water hose, to remove foreign matter and form crude starch suspension. Turns valves to admit suspension and water to settling and rewash tanks in which impurities rise to surface, forming scum. Turns valves to transfer scum (brown starch) to starch tables and settling tanks until all white starch has been separated. Drains salvaged starch into vat, starts agitator, and adds equal volume of water to form white starch suspension prior to drying. Determines acidity, viscosity, and bacteria content of suspension, using pH meter and viscometer. Adds measured amounts of specified chemicals to further purify and preserve product.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.487-010 CHEESE BLENDER (dairy products)

Prepares charts of quantities, grades, and types of cheese required for blending to make cheese products: Feels, tastes, smells, and observes cheese for firmness, mellowness, acidity, and color, and selects cheese products for specified blend. Calculates quantities of cheese required for each batch, according to formula, and records quantities, grades, and types on chart. Compares laboratory reports with specifications and alters calculations to achieve specified body, texture, flavor, moisture, fat, acidity, and salt in finished product.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.487-014 FORMULA-ROOM WORKER (dairy products)

Prepares, bottles, and sterilizes infant formulas: Weighs or measures and mixes specified quantities of ingredients, such as evaporated, condensed, or powdered milk, food supplements, sugar product, soy product, and prepared meat base, using scales, graduated measures, spoons, and electric blender. Computes number of calories per fluid ounce of formula from information on labels of ingredients, and records information on gummed label and places on bottles. Pours formula into bottles, seals with nipple, protector cap, and collar, and places in autoclave for prescribed length of time to sterilize, or affixes hermetically sealed protector caps and places in commercial retort for sterilization and cooling. Removes sterilized bottles from autoclave and stores in refrigerator or removes bottles from retort after cooling process and packages for delivery. Washes and sterilizes empty bottles and unused nipples and caps. May be known according to specific duties performed as Formula Bottler (dairy products); Formula Maker (dairy products).
GOE: 05.10.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.487-018 PANTRY WORKER (sugar & conf.)

Assembles, weighs, and measures candy ingredients, such as egg whites and butter, according to formula: Selects batch formula cards in accordance with type of batch scheduled. Weighs dry ingredients on scales and pours liquid ingredients into graduated containers. Attaches formula card and identifying batch number to containers of measured ingredients for use by CANDY MAKERS (sugar & conf.). Keeps record of batches produced. May weigh ingredients, such as nuts, flavoring, extracts, condiments, and shortening that are not metered mechanically.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.565-010 CHURNER (oils & grease) alternate titles: picker-box operator

Tends one or more machines that churn processed shortening and margarine to obtain specified viscosity of mixture: Observes flow of stock in churner to avoid spilling. Adjusts valves to control and direct overflow into reprocessing tank. Starts machine to churn mixture, stops machine when specified viscosity is obtained, and opens valves and starts pump to transfer mixture. Adjusts governor to regulate speed of pump that transfers product into packaging machines. Collects and weighs sample of shortening at prescribed intervals to determine amount of nitrogen gas or air content in batch, using balance scale. Notifies VOTATOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products; oils & grease) to add or delete nitrogen gas, according to weight standards. Adjusts valves to keep specified temperature in churner. Observes pressure and temperature gauges, and records readings. Cleans equipment and lines, using pressurized steam and nitrogen gas.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.585-010 BLENDER (bakery products) alternate titles: bolter; flour mixer; mill operator

Tends machine that blends flour: Loads pallets with sacks of specified flour and transports them to blending machine, using truck. Dumps flour from sacks into machine hoppers. Holds sack over suction bag-cleaning device to remove remaining flour dust. Starts blender and turns dials to regulate speed of screw conveyors that mix flour in prescribed ratios. Records weights of flours blended.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.585-014 BROTH MIXER (bakery products) alternate titles: broth setter

Tends flour sifter and vats to mix fermenting, oxidizing, and shortening solutions, according to formula: Dumps flour from bins into sifting machine, using mechanical tipping apparatus or power chain hoist. Opens valve, meters specified amount of water into fermenting vats, and adjusts thermostat to heat water to specified temperature. Measures or weighs yeast food, milk solids, salt, sugar, and enrichment ingredients, according to formula, and dumps ingredients into vats. Starts vat agitators and adds yeast at specified period to ferment solution. Opens valves and starts pumps to run solution through heat regulator to dough-mixing machine. Measures specified amounts of oxidizing solution and liquid shortening and dumps them into holding tanks. Keeps record of time and temperature readings.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.585-018 COOLER TENDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends mixing tanks and cooling equipment that blend unslacked lime with molasses for extraction of sugar and monosodium glutamate: Turns valves and starts conveyor to fill cooler vat with specified amount of molasses and lime. Starts agitator and cooling system. Reads dials and gauges on panel control board to ascertain temperature, alkalinity, and density of mixture, and turns valves to obtain specified mixture. Opens valves and starts pump to pump mixture to filter station. Records data, such as volume of lime and molasses used, temperature, alkalinity, and density on report form. May be designated according to machine operated as Vortex Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.585-022 LIQUID-SUGAR FORTIFIER (sugar & conf.)

Tends mixing tanks to fortify sugar liquid extracted from beets with concentrated sugar liquids to obtain standard sugar liquor: Starts pumps and mixing tank agitators and opens valves to fill mixing tank with thin sugar juice and concentrated sugar liquid. Tests density of sugar liquor, using hydrometer. Pumps liquids into tank until specified density of liquor is obtained. Takes sample of liquor for laboratory analysis. Records operational data.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.585-026 SPICE MIXER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: spice blender

Tends mixing machine that blends spices: Weighs out each variety of spice required and pours or shovels them into hopper of machine. Starts machine to mix spices to specified consistency. Pulls lever to tilt machine and dump mix into container or storage bin. May sift spices before mixing, using mechanical sifter. May compare color of mixture with standard color chart to ensure color meets specifications. When mixing tea, may be designated Tea Blender (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.587-010 PRETZEL TWISTER (bakery products)

Twists round strips of dough to form into pretzels: Picks piece of dough from conveyor and holds one end between thumb and forefinger of each hand. Flips dough into loop, and crosses and presses ends to outer circumference. Arranges pretzels on tray for baking. Records number of pretzels twisted.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.662-010 NOODLE-PRESS OPERATOR (food prep., nec)

Operates machine to blend ingredients, and knead, extrude, and cut dough used to make noodles: Installs specified die in press, using handtools. Adjusts press rollers to regulate thickness of dough, using micrometer and handtool. Dumps premeasured quantity of eggs into tub, sets meter, and turns spigot to admit prescribed amount of water. Starts beater to mix eggs and water for specified time. Starts pumps to transfer mixture to mixing unit of press. Opens hopper to admit flour into mixing unit and starts press to process mixture. Turns screw to set speed of knives to cut product to specified length. Patrols drying chambers and observes temperature and humidity readings recorded on charts for variation in drying procedure. Reports chart deviations to production manager. Records type of product, date, and time of entry and discharge of product from drying chambers.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.665-010 MINGLER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends minglers that mix raw sugar and affination (syrup) to prepare raw magma of specified density: Starts mingler and signals MELT-HOUSE DRAG OPERATOR (sugar & conf.), using bell, to start flow of sugar to minglers. Turns valve to start flow of affination into minglers. Regulates speed of mingler and controls flow of affination to maintain magma at specified density and level in receiving tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.665-014 MIXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that mixes compressed yeast with oils and whiteners preparatory to extrusion and packing: Signals worker to fill mixer with specified amount of compressed yeast. Pours specified quantity of cutting oils and whitening agents into yeast and starts agitators to mix ingredients for specified time. Observes and feels mixed yeast to determine its consistency and pours specified amount of water into yeast to achieve required consistency. Starts screw conveyor to transfer yeast to extruders.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.665-018 STARCH-TREATING ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills)

Tends mixing and blending tanks, and auxiliary equipment to assist in preparing starch blends from raw starch suspensions: Dumps specified amount of chemicals into mixing tank to prepare chemical solutions. Observes signals from DRY-STARCH OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) and pushes or pulls switches, and turns valves to start pumps, heaters, and agitators, and to admit raw starch and chemical solutions into blending tanks. Draws samples of mixtures for testing. Monitors thermometers, meters, and gauges, to ensure that filters, shakers, centrifugals, and driers are operating efficiently. Reports equipment malfunctioning to DRY-STARCH OPERATOR (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.682-010 BLENDING-PLANT OPERATOR (oils & grease)

Controls equipment to weigh and mix vegetable oils for products, such as salad oils, shortening, and margarine, according to formula: Opens valves to pump oils from storage tanks to scale tank. Weighs oils and pumps specified quantity of each oil into blending tank. Draws off sample of mixed oil and examines it for texture and color. Sends sample to laboratory for chemical analysis. Turns valves to make adjustments to blending process according to results of tests. Pumps mixed oil to storage tanks.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.682-014 CENTER-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: casting-machine operator; extruding-machine operator

Sets up and operates machine that extrudes soft candy, such as fondant, to form centers of specified size and shape for bonbons and chocolates: Inserts die plate in machine and tightens thumbscrews to secure plate. Examines and feels candy for specified consistency. Dumps candy into machine hopper. Starts machine that automatically feeds candy through openings in die plate and cuts off and deposits formed pieces on conveyor, or moves control to force candy through openings in die plate and moves wires that cut extruded candy to specified thickness. Weighs formed pieces at random to determine adherence to specifications. Adjusts wire or knife that cuts extruded candy to specified dimensions. When making cream centers to be coated with chocolate, may synchronize speed of center machine with enrobing machine. May be designated by product formed as Fondant-Puff Maker (sugar & conf.); Marshmallow Runner (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.682-018 EXTRUDER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates dough-mixing-and-extruding press to produce cereal products in form of letters, pellets, or other shapes: Cleans and installs perforated metal disk, containing openings of various shapes, in mixer. Attaches blade, using wrench, that sweeps around disk, shearing off extruded dough as it is forced through holes. Moves controls to set temperature of water, start flow of flour, water, and other ingredients into mixer, and regulate pressure forcing dough through extrusion die to maintain specified moisture content, color, and consistency of dough. May operate extruding press only, when mixing is performed by another worker. May be designated by form of extruded product as Pellet Operator (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.682-022 GUM-SCORING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: gum-rolling-machine tender

Operates one or more machines that roll chewing gum into sheets and score (partially cut) sheets to specified size: Turns handwheels to adjust rollers, knives, and scoring blades on machine to regulate thickness of sheet gum and depth of scoring, according to specifications, using ruler. Starts scoring machine and flow of gum from mixer into hopper of machine. Measures width, length, and thickness of scored sheets to ensure conformance to specifications, using ruler. Examines sheets for scoring defects and completeness of sugar coating. May give directions to other workers engaged in loading and unloading scoring machine and coating gum with sugar.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.682-026 MOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: mogul operator

Sets up and operates machine to mold soft candies, such as gumdrops, orange slices, and jellies: Installs $T3mold-printing board$T1 in machine and tightens thumbscrews or inserts wedges to secure it. Observes thermometer and turns steam valve to maintain specified temperature in candy-melting hopper. Opens valve or starts pump to fill hopper of depositing unit with fluid candy. Starts machine and turns handwheels to synchronize flow of candy from depositing spouts with speed of mold board as it passes beneath spouts for filling. Weighs formed candy for adherence to specifications and regulates spouts to increase or decrease flow accordingly.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.682-030 SPINNER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: batch-roller operator; hard-candy spinner; stick-candy puller; stick spinner

Operates machine that rolls or spins hot plastic candy into rope-like strip ready for cutting: Kneads hot candy into cylindrical shape on steam-jacketed pouring plate with gloved hands. Turns water and steam valves to regulate temperature of plate. Actuates heating unit of batch roller and starts machine. Lifts candy from pouring plate and feeds candy between machine rollers. Pushes lever to reverse action of rollers to stretch and compact candy to required size strip. May feed strip, discharged from batch roller, into cutting machine. May make specified types of hard candy, performing combination of duties, such as flavoring or coloring batch; spreading soft-center mixture, such as peanut butter, jam, or paste onto partially set candy; pulling candy prior to rolling and spinning [CANDY PULLER (sugar & conf.)]; or applying varicolored candy strips along cylinder to achieve mottled effect. May control battery of machines that automatically pump soft centers into candy, roll or spin candy, size rope candy, cut it to specified size, and pass it through cooling conveyor for wrapping and packing. When preparing rolls of jelly-centered coconut candy, may be designated Coconut-Jelly Roller (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

520.682-034 CRACKER-AND-COOKIE-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: machine captain

Operates machine to roll dough into sheets and to form crackers or cookies, preparatory to baking: Turns crank to adjust space between rollers. Selects and installs stamping or extruding die unit in machine, using wrench. Pushes trough of dough to machine and shovels dough into hopper or dumps it into hopper, using hoist. Starts machine and inserts end of dough from hopper into roller. Observes operation and removes malformed cookies or crackers. Verifies weight of samples against standards, using balance scale. Scoops such ingredients as salt, sugar, and nuts into hoppers located along conveyor belt. May be designated according to machine operated as Bar-Machine Operator (bakery products); Drop-Machine Operator (bakery products); Rotary-Machine Operator (bakery products); or according to product formed as Fig-Bar-Machine Operator (bakery products); Matzo-Forming-Machine Operator (bakery products).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

520.684-010 ALMOND-PASTE MOLDER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: marzipan molder

Colors, kneads, and forms almond paste into decorative shapes, such as fruits and flowers: Adds specified amount of coloring to batch of almond paste and kneads it to distribute coloring uniformly. Rolls paste into sheets or cuts pieces from lump of paste and molds into decorative shapes, using fingers. May affix trimmings, such as artificial leaves and stalks, and form designs, using fingers or pronged instrument. May paint molded products with edible coloring, using brush.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.684-014 ROLLER I (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy mixer; candy roller; center maker, hand; slab worker; stick roller

Kneads soft candy into rolls, cuts rolls into slices, and shapes slices into centers for bonbons or other candies: Dusts worktable with powdered sugar to prevent adherence of candy to table. Kneads slab of soft candy into roll and cuts roll into slices of specified size. Shapes slices to form centers for coated candies. May dump rolls of candy into hopper of machine that automatically cuts and shapes centers, or feed rolls into machine that slices them into loaf-shaped sections.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-010 BATTER MIXER (bakery products) alternate titles: mixing-machine attendant

Tends machine that mixes ingredients to produce batter for cakes and other bakery products: Positions mixing bowl under mixer and attaches water hose. Selects and installs beater in mixer, according to type of batter being produced. Observes meter and moves lever to admit specified amount of water into bowl. Dumps preweighed ingredients into bowl. Starts machine, turns cranks, and sets dials to regulate speed and mixing time. Feels texture of batter to judge desired consistency. Weighs batch of batter to ensure conformance to weight specifications. May mix dough. May be designated according to type of batter mixed as Cake-Batter Mixer (bakery products); Doughnut-Batter Mixer (bakery products); Wafer-Batter Mixer (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-014 BATTER MIXER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: batch mixer

Tends machine that mixes ingredients to prepare batter for ice cream cones: Dumps required number of sacks of sifted flour into mixer. Measures or weighs out specified amounts of other ingredients, such as sugar, coloring, water, and baking soda and pours them into mixer. Starts mixer and opens valve to transfer batter from mixer to storage tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-018 BLENDER-MACHINE OPERATOR (oils & grease)

Tends blending machine that mixes salt with coarse-grained margarine to produce finished product: Weighs specified amount of kneaded margarine and shovels it into open top of blender. Adds specified amount of salt. Starts paddle of blender to mix ingredients. Tips mixing bowl and shovels margarine into handtrucks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-022 BLENDER, SNUFF (tobacco)

Tends machine that blends cut leaf tobacco, toasted tobacco stems, and sweetener preparatory to being ground into snuff: Hauls tubs filled with tobacco or stems to work area. Raises side of tub and rakes tobacco and stems into hopper of blending machine. Weighs and dumps specified amount of sweetener into hopper. Starts machine and regulates speed of conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-026 BLENDING-LINE ATTENDANT (tobacco)

Tends conveyors and machines that blend various types and varieties of tobacco with domestic blends of tobacco: Starts conveyors to move continuous flow of tobacco under blenders (revolving spikes) to feeders that add specified types of tobacco, through ordering cylinder, overflow scales, and onto final blending belt. Sets timers to control blending and feeding speeds and sets flow scales to control amount of tobacco fed, following specifications. Forks specified tobacco into feeder at intervals, to obtain desired blend. Observes flow of tobacco and operation of conveyors and machines to ensure efficient operation. Records weight of each lot processed. May be designated according to type of tobacco processed as Turkish-Line Attendant (tobacco); Virginia-Line Attendant (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-030 BLENDING-TANK TENDER (beverage; can. & preserv.) alternate titles: blender; blending-kettle tender

Tends equipment to blend citrus fruit juices: Opens valves to permit juices to flow from extractor machines to holding tanks. Fills blending tanks with required amounts of specified juices. Turns on mechanical agitators in blending tanks to mix contents, and pumps mixture to deoiling and pasteurizing machines.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-034 BRINE-MIXER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that mixes water and salt to prepare brine solution for use in preserving or separating food products: Turns valves to transfer solution from mixing machine to storage or separator tanks. Tests specific gravity of solution with hydrometer and adds water or salt to bring solution to specified density. May clean machinery and equipment, using steam hose, soap, and brushes.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-038 CAKE FORMER (oils & grease) alternate titles: former; former puller

Tends machine that forms cooked oilseed meats into cakes prior to oil extraction: Places cloth on cake-forming tray and presses lever or pedal to position charging buggy (hopper) over tray. Releases oilseed onto tray and folds ends of cloth over oilseed meats. Lowers head (metal block) into position over tray containing meats, and pulls lever to raise tray against head and form oilseed meats into cake.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-042 CAKE STRIPPER (oils & grease)

Tends machine that removes cloth wrapper from pressed cottonseed cake: Inserts end of cloth in which cottonseed cake is wrapped into slotted shaft of cake-stripping machine. Presses pedal to revolve shaft that strips cloth from cake. Places cake onto conveyor for further processing.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-046 CANDY PULLER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: hard-candy batch-mixer

Tends candy-pulling machine or kneads candy by hand to impart specified flavor, color, and consistency to candy preparatory to spinning and cutting: Kneads and pulls batch of candy. Adds specified amount of coloring and flavoring agents and continues kneading until coloring and flavoring are uniformly distributed and candy feels hardened enough to withstand machine pulling. Hangs kneaded ribbon of candy on hooks of pulling machine and starts machine that pulls candy until it feels sufficiently hardened to retain specified consistency after spinning and cutting. May be designated according to candy pulled as Taffy Puller (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

520.685-050 CANDY-MAKER HELPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy-cooker helper; whipper-beater

Tends candy making machines that mix candy ingredients: Weighs, measures, mixes, and dumps specified ingredients into cooking utensils. Opens discharge valve, and starts pumps or tilts cooker or kettle to pour cooked candy onto tables or into beaters. May form soft candies by spreading candy onto cooling and warming slabs, cut candy by hand or with machine knife, cast candy in starch or rubber molds, or by machine that extrudes candy. May form hard candies by hand or machine-pulling or spinning. Washes kettles, cookers, machines, and equipment after each batch. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of candy mixed or cooked as Caramel-Candy-Maker Helper (sugar & conf.); Nougat-Candy-Maker Helper (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-054 CASING-FLUID TENDER (tobacco) alternate titles: flavoring maker

Tends vats, tanks, and pumps to mix, store, and transfer flavoring ingredients for use in making casing fluid: Pumps liquid from tank car to holding tanks and from holding tanks into vats for mixing. Adds specified amount of powdered flavoring to liquid in vat and admits steam to vat to blend liquid and powdered ingredients. Pumps mixture into aging tanks or to casing machine storage tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-058 CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends machine that forms, cools, and cuts process cheese into slices of specified size and weight: Places forming die into manifold of cheese hopper. Starts refrigerant pump and observes thermometer to cool conveyor to specified temperature. Starts and sets speed of cheese pump which forces cheese through openings in manifold to form ribbons of cheese of specified width and thickness. Threads ribbons of cooled cheese through stacking rolls which pile them on top of each other. Observes lighted panel buttons which indicate off-weight cheese stacks going through automatic cutter, weigher, and counter. Alters speed of cheese pump or presses button to automatically reset speed of conveyor to obtain specified weight cheese. Places cheese stack on scale to test accuracy of automatic weigher. Stops machine to clear jams.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-062 CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that forms sugar decorations for cakes: Fills machine hopper with prepared sugar mixture. Places sheet of paper on machine bed under die. Turns handwheel on machine to force mixture through die to form decorations on paper sheet. Places filled sheet on rack for transfer to packing department.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-066 CHOPPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends machine that chops and mixes ground meat into emulsion for use in making such products as bologna, meat loaves, sausages, and wieners: Dumps ground meat and premixed seasonings into chopping machine, using fork or hoist, or pulls lever to raise hopper and turns valve to feed meat trimmings into chopping machine. Pours designated amount of premixed seasonings and water or ice into chopping machine to season, moisten, and obtain specified temperature of mixture. Starts machine to mix emulsion to specified consistency. Stops machine and pulls lever to lower center core of mixing bowl and discharge emulsion into pan or truck. Scrapes emulsion from bowl. May push truck filled with emulsion to stuffing machine. May grind meat [MEAT GRINDER (meat products)]. May add ingredients, such as pickles, olives, and pimentos to emulsion.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-070 CHURN OPERATOR, MARGARINE (oils & grease)

Tends equipment that mixes and churns ingredients to produce margarine: Turns valves to admit preweighed ingredients, such as milk, water, and oil, into mixing vat. Weighs or measures additives, such as emulsifier, preservatives, salt, and vitamins, according to formula, using scale or graduate. Dumps additives into mixing vat. Starts agitator that blends and emulsifies ingredients. Observes temperature gauge and adjusts steam valve to maintain specified temperature in vat. Stops agitator after specified period of time, and turns valve to transfer ingredients to cooling unit. May pasteurize milk [PASTEURIZER (oils & grease)]. May harden emulsion [VOTATOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products; oils & grease)]. May test milk for acidity. May disassemble and clean stock lines, and change filtering apparatus. May mix ingredients for vegetable shortening and be designated Shortening Mixer (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-074 COCOA-POWDER-MIXER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that mixes dry ingredients to make cocoa blends and dairy powder mixes: Weighs out specified amounts of ingredients, such as sugar, powdered milk, and cocoa, according to formula, and dumps ingredients into mixing machine. Starts machine that mixes ingredients for specified length of time. Opens machine valve and starts conveyor to transfer mixed batch to storage. Collects sample of completed mix for laboratory analysis. May add ingredients and remix batch, according to laboratory recommendation. May be designated according to product mixed as Dairy-Powder-Mixer Operator (sugar & conf.). May tend panel-controlled conveyorized system that transfers measured amounts of ingredients from respective bins to continuous mixing machine and be designated Quick-Mixer Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-078 CONFECTIONERY-DROPS-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends one or more machines that extrude chocolate or nonchocolate confectionery mixture through die plate onto conveyor to form such products as stars, chips, or sheets: Attaches specified die plate to machine, using handtools. Starts machine and observes action to ensure that confection is forming according to standards. May clamp metal bar to bed of conveyor to form mixture into sheets. May be designated according to design of product as Chocolate-Drops-Machine Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-082 COOKER, CASING (tobacco) alternate titles: flavor maker

Tends heated vats to mix and cook tobacco casing fluid ingredients: Admits steam into jacket of vat. Dumps solid ingredients into vat and pours liquids from pail or turns valve to admit liquids, following written or oral instructions. Starts agitator in vat or stirs mixture with paddle to mix ingredients and prevent them from boiling over. Starts pump or removes bung from bottom of vat, after mixture is cooked into syrup, to transfer casing fluid to storage tanks. May measure specific gravity of fluid, using hydrometer, and add water, according to consistency of mix. May weigh or measure cooked ingredients.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-086 DIVIDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: roll-dough divider; roll-machine operator

Tends machines that automatically divide, round, proof, and shape dough into units of specified size and weight, according to work order, preparatory to baking: Presses buttons and turns dials or handcranks to start machines and to adjust capacity of dividing compartments and speed of feeding conveyor on dividing machine. Weighs units of dough, using balance scale, and adjusts machine when units vary from standard. Scoops flour or starch into sifters which automatically dust units of dough to prevent sticking. Observes progress of units of dough through machines that automatically round, proof, and shape dough. Turns rheostats to control speed of proofing and molding machine conveyors. Inspects shaped units of dough as they are ejected into pans from molding machine and discards misshapen units. May place dough in pans by hand, position pans in racks, and push racks to holding area for proofing. May fill reservoir of automatic feeding device with seeds, such as sesame, caraway, and poppy seeds, when processing buns. May be designated according to machine tended as Molding-Machine Operator (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

520.685-090 DOUGH-BRAKE-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products)

Tends machine that kneads dough to desired texture: Sprinkles roller and catching apron of machine with flour to keep dough from sticking. Starts machine and turns handwheels to adjust distance between rollers. Cuts off lump of dough in trough and inserts dough between rollers. Catches dough as it extrudes from machine and reinserts it at different angles until texture reaches desired consistency.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-094 FEED BLENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends agitator tubs that blend ingredients used in making stock feed: Turns valves to admit measured amounts of materials, such as bran, gluten, and steep water into tubs, and starts paddle agitators. Feels sample of mixture to determine if feed consistency meets plant standard. Pulls lever to open sliding gate and drain mixture from tubs.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-098 FEED MIXER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: batch-mixer operator; feeder operator; mash-feed-mixer operator

Tends machines that mix stock or poultry feed according to formula and conveys it to packing machine or storage: Dumps specified number of sacks of meal, mash, grain, and meat scrap into machine hopper, or presses buttons on control panel to transfer individual ingredients from separate bins to batch scale hopper until specified weight of each ingredient is obtained. Weighs additives, such as minerals and vitamins, and dumps them into hopper. Starts machine to mix ingredients, and starts elevators and conveyors to transfer feed to storage tanks or packing machine hoppers. May match color of mix with standard sample by adjusting automatic feeder controls to regulate amount of ingredient in mix. May adjust nozzles, rheostat, or steam controls to spray heated molasses onto feed. May record weight of feed mixed or ingredients used. May be designated according to type of feed mixed as Dairy-Feed-Mixing Operator (grain-feed mills); Poultry-Feed-Mixer Operator (grain-feed mills); or according to ingredient mixed with feed as Limer (grain-feed mills); Molasses-Feed Mixer (grain-feed mills). May tend machines that automatically weigh out specified amounts of mash and grain prior to mixing with ingredients and be designated Feeder Operator, Automatic (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-102 FLAKING-ROLL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: flake-or-shred-roll operator; roll operator

Tends machine containing rolls that form cooked grain into flakes, shredded biscuits, or other shapes to produce cereal products: Moves controls to start pairs of rollers rotating and to convey cooked grain to roll feeders. Turns dials and handwheels to adjust pressure of rollers to maintain specified thickness and consistency of formed product, as indicated by feel and visual inspection, and to control rate of feed of grain through feeding mechanism. Replaces worn knives used to scrape formed grain from roller surface, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-106 FLOUR BLENDER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: blender

Tends machines that blend and sift flour, and conveyors that carry flour between machines: Starts screw conveyors or turns valves on feed chutes to transfer flour from storage bins to mixing machine, or dumps designated bags of flour into hopper of machine. Starts machine to mix flour and pulls lever to open gate and allow blended flour to flow from machine. Starts separator that sifts mixed flour to remove lumps. Starts conveyors that transfer blended and sifted flour to packing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-110 GREEN-COFFEE BLENDER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: coffee blender

Tends machines that blend various grades of green coffee beans: Transfers sacks of specified grades of green coffee beans to dumping chute, using handtruck. Empties beans onto chute. Starts machine that mixes coffee beans. Pulls levers to dump mixed coffee beans into elevators that convey them to cleaning and storage areas.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-114 ICING MIXER (bakery products) alternate titles: filler mixer

Tends equipment that mixes ingredients for icing or filling bakery products: Weighs and measures ingredients, such as sugar, chocolate, food coloring, and pulped or ground fruit or nuts, according to recipe. Dumps ingredients into mixing bowl. Selects and installs beater arms in mixing machine, using wrench. Turns dials and pushes buttons to set mixing time, temperature, and speed to start machine. Pours measured amount of water from container into mixing bowl, and adds additional ingredients, as necessary, during mixing cycle to ensure that icing or filling meets company standards. Observes and feels texture of mix to determine when desired consistency has been obtained. May cook some types of icings or fillings in steam-jacketed kettles. May mix meringue for pie topping. May be designated according to product mixed or cooked as Cooker, Pie Filling (bakery products); Fruit Mixer (bakery products); Pie-Filling Mixer (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

520.685-118 KETTLE TENDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that mixes chewing gum base with powdered sugar: Places spout of vibrating hopper, containing powdered sugar, in top of mixing machine and starts vibrator and mixer. Places container on scale under spout of centrifuge machine and opens valve to allow specified amount of gum base to fill container. Positions container over mixer and opens discharge valve to allow gum base to flow into mixer. Dumps gum requiring reprocessing into mixer to mix with new batch. May substitute glucose syrup for powdered sugar.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-122 LOZENGE-DOUGH MIXER (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that mixes formulated ingredients, such as sugar, syrup, and flavoring to make dough for candy lozenges: Weighs and measures ingredients according to formula, and dumps specified quantity of ingredients into trough of mixing machine. Starts machine that kneads and mixes ingredients, forming dough. Examines and feels mixture for specified consistency and to determine need for additional ground sugar or other ingredients. Scoops lozenge mixture onto tray for further processing. May be designated according to product mixed as Kiss Mixer (sugar & conf.); Mint-Lozenge Mixer (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-130 MASH GRINDER (dairy products)

Tends mill and agitating vat that grind and mix flour and malt with water, to make malted milk mash: Turns water valve to fill vat and starts grinder and agitator. Transfers flour and malt from storage silo by moving microswitch controls to deposit specified amounts through automatic scale hopper into mill or by placing counters on meters and starting conveyors that carry measured amounts through grinder into vat. Observes ammeter, and grain and water meters to detect deviations from specifications, and moves levers to alter grain and water flow. Pumps mash to mash kettles. May heat mash by mixing steam with water.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-134 MILL FEEDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends machine that mixes meat scraps, used in poultry feed, into uniform mixture: Starts machine and opens slide gate in hopper to feed scraps into machine. Observes meter and adjusts slide gates in feed hopper to regulate flow of material into machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-138 MIXER (food prep., nec)

Tends automatic grinding and blending machine to prepare condiments, such as dry and liquid salad dressing mixes, spaghetti sauce mix, garlic spread, and seasoning salts: Weighs out and measures ingredients, such as spices, oils, cheese, and salt. Dumps ingredients into hopper of machine and turns valve to admit specified amounts of liquid ingredients into hopper. Moves controls to adjust speed of grinding rollers. Sets thermostats to maintain specified temperature. Starts machine to mix ingredients for predetermined period. May transfer ingredients from storage to work area, using lift truck.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-142 MIXER OPERATOR II (chemical)

Tends machine that mixes specified amounts of additives and raw salt to fortify salt products, such as table salt, salt tablets, and block salt: Weighs out specified amounts of additives, such as potassium iodide, magnesium carbonate, garlic, and spices, using scale, and dumps them into drum of mixer. Starts automatic weighing machine that weighs out prescribed amount of salt. Moves levers to transfer salt from scales to mixing drum and starts mixer. Pushes lever to open bottom of mixer and discharge mixed product into packing bins or into feed hopper of tablet compressor. May tend vibrating screens to size salt crystals. May be designated according to product for which salt is mixed as Mixer Operator, Raw Salt (chemical); Mixer Operator, Tablets (chemical); Mixer Operator, Vacuum-Pan Salt (chemical).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-146 MIXER OPERATOR (beverage)

Tends mixer to produce powdered drink or food: Weighs and measures ingredients according to formula and pours them into mixers, or starts conveyor to move premeasured ingredients into mixer. Starts mixer to mix ingredients for specified time. Compares color of mixture with color chart to ensure product color meets specifications. Moves lever to dump mixture into container or onto conveyor. May be designated according to product mixed as Gelatin-Powder Mixer (beverage); Soft-Drink-Powder Mixer (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-150 MIXER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: five-roll-refiner batch mixer

Tends machine that mixes such ingredients as chocolate liquor, sugar, powdered milk, and cocoa butter preparatory to making sweet chocolate: Weighs and dumps dry ingredients into mixing machine by hand, hydraulic lift, or conveyor equipped with automatic scale. Observes meters and turns valves to admit measured amounts of liquids into mixer. Observes thermometer and sets thermostat to heat mixer to specified temperature. Starts mixer. Examines mixture to ensure that consistency conforms to standards. Starts conveyor to transfer finished batch to refining machine. May tend automatic sugar grinders or pulverizers [SUGAR GRINDER (sugar & conf.)]. May be designated according to type of mixer used as Melangeur Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-154 MIXER-AND-BLENDER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that mixes and blends food ingredients to produce such products as mayonnaise, mustard and salad dressing, and spices, according to formula: Weighs such ingredients as eggs, salt, spices, and sugar, using scale or weighing hopper. Dumps ingredients into mixing machine. Turns valves to permit measured amounts of such liquids as oil, water, or vinegar to flow from tanks into mixing machine. Starts machine and observes mixing to ensure thorough blending. Starts pumps to transfer contents of mixer to containers, filling machines, or storage tanks. May grind dry ingredients, using grinding machine. May be designated according to product mixed as Egg-And-Spice Mixer (food prep., nec); Mayonnaise Mixer (food prep., nec); Mustard Mixer (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-158 MIXER, CHILI POWDER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that mixes chili powder with other spice ingredients for use as seasoning: Measures and weighs out specified quantities of ground chili peppers, garlic, salt, and other ingredients and dumps them into hopper of mixing machine. Adjusts controls to regulate steam pressure in jacket of mixer and starts machine. Compares sample of mixture with standard sample to ensure that mixture meets color and texture specifications.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-162 MIXER, DRY-FOOD PRODUCTS (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that mixes, blends, or kneads ingredients to make dry-food products, such as baking powder, gelatin desserts, pie thickeners, and ice cream powders: Weighs or measures ingredients and dumps them into mixer or opens valve to admit specified amounts of each ingredient into mixer from storage hopper. Admits steam or coolant into jacket of mixer and sets thermostat to maintain temperature in mixer at specified level. Regulates mixing time and speed for mixing, blending, or kneading, and starts machine. May perform acidity tests, using pH meter or may submit samples to laboratory. May add additional ingredients and remix batch on basis of test results or laboratory recommendation. May start conveyor to transfer dry-food product to next process. May be designated according to food product mixed as Baking-Powder Mixer (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-166 MIXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that mixes food ingredients for subsequent processing, canning, or freezing: Loads hopper of mixer with premeasured quantities of ingredients by hand, conveyor, bucket hoist, or by opening valves. Starts mixer and observes operation to ensure thorough blending. Pulls lever to tilt and empty mixer or uses scoop to empty mixture into chute, hopper, or container. May weigh out and measure ingredients, using platform scale and measuring containers. May observe and control conveyors and filling machines in processing line to ensure continuous operation.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-170 MIXING-TANK OPERATOR (oils & grease)

Tends equipment that mixes ingredients for use in producing margarine: Turns valve to admit liquid ingredients, such as water or milk, into mixing vat. Dips measuring stick into vat and closes valve when liquid reaches specified level. Weighs specified quantities of dry ingredients, such as salt and powdered milk, and empties ingredients into vat. Starts agitator to mix liquid and powdered ingredients for specified time. Turns valve to empty mixed ingredients from vat for further processing.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-174 MOLDER, MEAT (meat products)

Tends stuffing machine that fills molds with meat emulsion to form meat loaves: Slides mold under discharge nozzle of stuffing machine and moves lever to discharge emulsion into mold. Removes filled molds and places them on racks for further processing. May fill molds with meat cuts or whole pieces of meat by hand or using compressed air plunger and be designated Hand Molder, Meat (meat products). May stuff bologna and canadian bacon into casings by hand. May close ends of filled casings with metal clip and by tying with string.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-178 PELLET-MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: feed-and-pellet operator

Tends machine that presses ingredients into feed pellets for poultry and stock feed: Turns steam valves to regulate temperature of machine. Observes ammeter and turns valves to regulate flow of material to machine. May adjust nozzles to regulate flow of molasses into ingredients and turn steam valves to regulate temperature of molasses. May adjust flow of air to cool pellets in cooler. May tend bucket elevator equipment to transfer pellets to storage. May adjust rollers to crush pelletized feed into crumbles. May mix poultry or stock feed preparatory to pelletizing [FEED MIXER (grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-182 PRESS OPERATOR, MEAT (meat products)

Tends machine that presses such meats as bacon slabs, beef cuts, hams, and hog butts, into shape to facilitate slicing or packing: Positions meat on table of pressing machine and depresses pedal or pulls lever to lower ram onto meat that compresses meat into shape. Removes meat from machine and places in container, or on conveyor for transfer to slicing machine. May tend slicing machine [SLICING-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products; meat products)]. May be designated according to cut of meat pressed as Butt Presser (meat products); Ham Molder (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-186 PRESS TENDER (food prep., nec)

Tends battery of presses that automatically mix ingredients, and knead and extrude dough for use in making macaroni products: Installs specified dies in presses, using handtools. Sets automatic weighing device. Opens valves to admit prescribed ingredients into mixing unit and turns dials that control rate of flow of material through processing units. Starts machines that trim and rack extruded strands of long goods over drying sticks (rods) and convey them into preliminary drying chamber, or extrude short goods onto conveyor chutes leading to series of driers. Observes presses in operation to ensure progressive movement of mixture. Regulates speed of press to control product quantity. Observes color of dough and feels its consistency to determine, from knowledge and experience, if product conforms to standard. May be designated according to type press product as Press Tender, Long Goods (food prep., nec); Press Tender, Short Goods (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

520.685-190 PRETZEL-TWISTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products)

Tends machine that automatically rolls, cuts to size, and twists dough to form pretzels and conveys them to oven: Turns knobs to adjust machine to roll and cut dough to specified thickness and length. Loads dough into machine hopper and starts machine. Observes processing of dough through machine to detect broken or misformed pretzels. Stops machine to clear jams. May be designated according to type of pretzel formed as Pretzel-Stick-Machine Operator (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-194 RELISH BLENDER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: relish maker

Tends machine that blends diced pickles with other ingredients to make relish: Weighs out specified quantity of diced pickles in barrel, using floor scales, and dumps pickles into blending tank, using automatic hoist. Pumps cooked mixture of sugar, syrup, spices, and preservatives into blending tank. Starts agitator in blending tank and observes process to ensure thorough blending. Opens valve to transfer relish to bin for packing.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-198 ROLLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy-rolling-machine operator; cut-roll-machine operator; roller operator

Tends machine that rolls slabs of candy to specified thickness prior to cutting: Turns handwheel to adjust clearance of rollers to accommodate thickness of slab without binding. Starts machine and feeds slab of candy between rollers. Reverses rollers to return candy for removal. Readjusts rollers and continues operation until candy is rolled to specified thickness.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-202 SAUSAGE MAKER (meat products)

Tends machine that mixes ingredients, such as ground meat and condiments, to make sausage, according to formula: Weighs ingredients and dumps them into mixing machine. Starts machine that mixes ingredients. Empties mixed ingredients into containers. May grind meat. May fill casings with bulk sausage [BULK-SAUSAGE-STUFFING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-206 SAUSAGE MIXER (meat products)

Tends machine that mixes ground meat and condiments to make bulk sausage: Shovels meat into bowl of mixing machine and adds specified amounts of seasonings. Starts machine, observes thermometer, and adds water or ice to bowl to regulate temperature of mixture. Moves lever to tilt mixing bowl and empty contents into cart. Scrapes meat from bowl and mixing paddles.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-210 STUFFER (meat products) alternate titles: sausage stuffer

Tends equipment that forces meat emulsion into casings to make meat products, such as linked sausages, frankfurters, and wieners: Lifts lid from compression cylinder and shovels meat emulsion into cylinder. Tamps emulsion with shovel to remove air pockets and replaces lid. Turns valve to admit compressed air into cylinder. Slides casing over discharge nozzle and moves lever to discharge emulsion into casing. Ties knot in end of filled casing, or seals casing with clipping device to prevent loss of emulsion. May tend machine that automatically fills, links, and ties casings with wire band. May feed filled casing into linking machine. May tend stuffing machine that fills casings with bulk sausage and be designated Bulk-Sausage-Stuffing-Machine Operator (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-214 SWEET-GOODS-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: bench hand, machine; dough sheeter

Tends machine that automatically rolls (sheets), curls, and cuts sweet goods into specified size and weight preparatory to making rolls, coffee cake, and other sweet goods: Fills dispensing units of machine with such ingredients as oil, cinnamon, and sugar. Adjusts valve to control sprinkling of ingredients on dough and starts machine. Picks up dough from pan and sprinkles with flour. Places dough on conveyor that feeds into sheeting rolls. Observes progress of dough rolling, and stops machine to correct malfunctions. May roll dough by repeated hand feeding through machine to obtain desired consistency.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.685-218 TRAY-CASTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends conveyor-type casting machine that pumps process cheese into molds to form slices of specified size and weight: Places paper interleaves in dispenser and presses button to signal for cheese to be dropped into hopper. Starts machine that automatically pumps measured amounts of cheese onto interleaves in trays, and spreads cheese into slices of specified size. Observes weight-indicator light and moves lever to regulate amount of cheese deposited in tray. Straightens interleaves, replaces clogged dispenser, or feeder needle, scrapes cheese from tamper and vacuum openings in tray, and removes malformed slices.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-222 TUMBLER TENDER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine to season potato chips, corn chips, or similar food products: Dumps food products into drum of machine and starts machine that rotates drum. Scoops seasoning from barrel, using measuring cup, and sifts seasoning onto food product in drum. Stops machine after specified time and tilts drum to dump material into container, onto conveyor, or into hopper of bagging machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-226 UNLEAVENED-DOUGH MIXER (bakery products)

Tends five-position mixing machine to mix unleavened dough ingredients, such as flour, eggs, salt, and water in production of matzoh products: Pushes mixing pot onto roller platform and positions pot under automatic filling and weighing devices. Flips switch and turns controls to fill mixing pot with dough ingredients. Observes scale indicators to determine when specified amounts of ingredients have been added. Dumps premeasured pail of condiments into mixing pot. Pushes pot from roller platform onto platform of mixing machine. Depresses button to move platform to each of five mixing positions and to simultaneously agitate mixing fork in mixing pot. Depresses foot pedal to uncradle mixing pot from final position, lifts and pulls pot onto roller platform, and pushes pot onto elevator for conveying to dough-dumping station. Observes machine and auxiliary automatic pot-washing system, and stops machine and notifies supervisor when malfunctions occur. Cleans mixer cover, using brush and airhose, and unscrews mixing fork from spindle for cleaning by other worker.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.685-230 MIXER OPERATOR, SNACK FOODS (food prep., nec)

Tends numerically controlled equipment that automatically mixes oil, water, and mixture of grain products to make dough used in production of snack foods: Reads chart to determine time intervals and sequence for adding oil and water and length of mixing cycle. Pulls knobs to activate control panel and observes lights and dials to verify that panel is functioning. Inspects sections of mixing equipment, such as agitator blades, drum of mixer, and feed hopper to verify that equipment is clean. Adds emulsifier and contents of oil drum into reservoir prior to mixing process, using air-powered pump. Selects and pushes wheeled container of preweighed mixture of grain products or dough scrap into automatic locking device of mixer elevator. Presses specified buttons on control panel to purge air from oil and water lines, open drum door of mixer, raise and dump contents of container into mixer, and activate mixer. Observes digital timer and presses buttons at specified intervals to add predetermined amounts of oil and water, stop mixing process, and dispense dough onto conveyor for further processing. Observes oil and water pipes during mixing process to ensure that oil and water are flowing into mixer. Feels dough on conveyor to detect defects, such as excessively dry, moist, or lumpy dough. Scoops cup of dough from initial batch of mix for quality assurance testing. Notifies supervisor of dough not meeting mixing standards and of equipment malfunction.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

520.685-234 DOUGH MIXER (bakery products) alternate titles: mixing-machine attendant

Tends machines and equipment that automatically mix ingredients to make straight and sponge (yeast) doughs according to formula: Moves controls and turns valves to adjust metering devices that weigh, measure, sift, and convey water, flour, and shortening into mixer, and that measure and dump yeast, vitamins, yeast food, sugar, salt, and other ingredients into mixing machine. Turns knobs or dials to set mixing cycle time and maintain temperature of dough. Starts machine. Feels dough for desired consistency. Positions wheeled dough trough in front of mixer, opens mixer door, and starts mixer to rotate blades and dumps dough into trough. Pushes troughs of sponge dough into room to ferment for specified time. Dumps raised sponge dough into mixer, using hoist, and adds ingredients to complete mixture. Records number of batches mixed. May weigh and measure ingredients which are manually fed into mixer. May dump all ingredients into mixer by hand. May be designated according to type of dough mixed as Bread-Dough Mixer (bakery products); Cookie Mixer (bakery products); Dog-Food Dough Mixer (bakery products); Doughnut-Dough Mixer (bakery products); Pastry Mixer (bakery products); Pie-Crust Mixer (bakery products). May be designated: Cracker-Dough Mixer (bakery products); Pretzel-Dough Mixer (bakery products); Sweet-Dough Mixer (bakery products).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

520.686-010 BALL-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: ball-rolling-machine operator; candy roller

Feeds automatic rolling machine that forms pliable candy into shapes, such as balls or disks: Applies colored candy strips onto outside of candy roll to form stripes. Places bulk candy on heated canvas belt. Rolls candy into ropelike shape. Starts machine. Feeds rolled candy into machine that cuts, rolls, cools, and drops shaped candy onto conveyor leading to wrapping department.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-014 DESSERT-CUP-MACHINE FEEDER (bakery products)

Feeds freshly baked wafers into machine that forms dessert cups: Positions and holds wafer over male die. Withdraws hand as female die forces wafer over male die to form dessert cup.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-018 FEED-MIXER HELPER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: feeder loader; hopper loader; mixer-machine feeder

Assists FEED MIXER (grain-feed mills) to prepare stock and poultry feed: Dumps sacks of wheat, corn, or other ingredients into hopper of mixing machine. Stirs ingredients in hopper, using paddle to facilitate flow into mixer. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-022 FLOUR-BLENDER HELPER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: blender helper; bolter helper; flour-mixer helper

Fills hopper of blending machine with flour to assist FLOUR BLENDER (grain-feed mills): Moves sacks of flour from storeroom to blending machine, using handtruck, forklift, or electric hoist. Cuts sacks open and dumps contents into hopper of machine, or turns hand screws or moves levers to adjust gate openings of overhead storage bins to release specified amounts of flour into blender hopper. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-026 GLUCOSE-AND-SYRUP WEIGHER (sugar & conf.)

Weighs specified amounts of glucose and flavoring syrup for use in making chewing gum: Places container on wheeled scale and positions container under glucose tap. Fills container with specified weight of glucose. Adds syrup to glucose until prescribed weight of combined ingredients is reached. Pours ingredients into mixing machine.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-030 MOLDING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: mogul feeder; stack puller

Feeds candy-filled starch molding trays onto conveyor or into feed rack of machine that empties trays, removes starch from candy, and deposits candy on trays or conveyor for packing and shipment. Positions trays under machine to receive molded candy. Stacks filled trays and transfers them to drying area, using handtruck. May dump trays of candy into hopper of machine that shakes starch from candy and be designated Starch Dumper (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-034 PLUG SHAPER, MACHINE (tobacco)

Feeds lumps of tobacco into shape cells of automatic press that compresses lumps into plugs of chewing tobacco.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.686-038 TAMALE-MACHINE FEEDER (food prep., nec)

Feeds machine that automatically encases ground meat mixture with cornmeal mixture to form tamales: Fills respective hoppers with cornmeal and ground meat mixture and presses button to start machine. Removes formed tamales from conveyor, wraps tamales in corn husks, and packs them in plastic containers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-010 BLENDER LABORER (tobacco)

Moves leaf tobacco loaded on dollies to blending line from storage room in tobacco processing plant: Observes workers feeding tobacco onto blending conveyor to determine when supply of tobacco needs replenishing. Reads grade on card above worker and locates same grade in storage area. Pulls dolly loaded with tobacco from storage into position along blending line, using hook. Unties burlap sheet wrapped around tobacco, using pliers. Removes sheets and dollies from work area.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

520.687-014 BLINTZE ROLLER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: cheese-pancake roller

Fills precut sheets of egg dough with cheese, folds ends over filling, and rolls lengthwise to make blintzes (rolled cheese pancakes). Places blintzes on conveyor leading to packer.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-018 CANDY MOLDER, HAND (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: molder, hand; novelty-candy maker; paste worker

Pours liquid candy into chilled molds to form solid candy figures, such as animals or Christmas trees: Dumps or pours candy into warming pan and turns dial to heat product to pouring temperature. Stirs candy to facilitate melting and pours it into chilled mold. Taps or tilts mold to distribute candy uniformly throughout mold. Opens mold when candy has congealed and removes figure. May be designated by type of candy molded as Chocolate Molder (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.687-022 CANDY SPREADER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy-maker helper

Pours and spreads batches of cooked candy, such as fudge, caramel, or toffee, in pans or trays, or onto temperature-controlled slabs preparatory to cutting: Covers pan, tray, or slab with wax paper, dusts lined pan with powdered sugar, or greases with shortening to prevent sticking. Spreads candy to specified thickness, using spatula or roller. May cut candy into sections, using knife, for use by CUTTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) or set cutter frames into candy to slice it into individual sections. May roughen surface with scraper to simulate homemade candy or sprinkle chopped nuts or fruit over candy to decorate it. When spreading and cutting bar candy, may be designated Candy Maker, Bar (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-026 CASING-MATERIAL WEIGHER (tobacco) alternate titles: casing mixer; top flavor attendant

Weighs and measures ingredients used in making casing fluid, according to formula, using scales and measuring cans. Adds or removes ingredients until specified amount is obtained and dumps or pours ingredients into cooking vats. Opens containers in which ingredients are stored. May assist COOKER, CASING (tobacco) in cooking ingredients.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-030 FILLER MIXER (tobacco) alternate titles: filler blender; scrap preparer

Mixes various types of cigar filler or plug filler tobacco: Weighs out specified amounts of each type of tobacco and dumps tobacco on floor. Forks tobacco leaves together to obtain uniform mix. Forks mixed leaves into storage bin. May fill bags with blended filler tobacco. May be designated according to type of filler tobacco mixed as Seed And Havana-Scrap Preparer (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-034 FOOD MIXER (grain-feed mills)

Mixes specified amounts of liquid and solid ingredients together to make bird foods. Packs product into molds or containers.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-038 GUM PULLER (sugar & conf.)

Conveys lump chewing gum from mixer and dumps gum into hopper of machine that rolls and scores gum sheets: Positions cart under door of mixer. Sprinkles sugar by hand over interior surfaces of cart to prevent gum from sticking. Tilts mixing machine and opens door. Pulls quantity of gum from mixer, cuts it with knife, and drops gum into cart. Pushes cart into position over hopper of scoring machine. Tilts rear of cart to dump gum into hopper, using electric hoist.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-042 HOP WEIGHER (beverage)

Weighs hops used in brewing beer: Selects bale of prescribed hops from storage area in hop room and transports bale to work area, using handtruck. Opens burlap wrapping of bale, using knife. Breaks bale into chunks and throws chunks into basket on platform scale. Fills basket to prescribed number of pounds. Wheels filled baskets to brew kettles.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.687-046 MEXICAN FOOD MAKER, HAND (food prep., nec)

Performs any combination of following tasks concerned with preparing and packaging Mexican ready-to-serve or frozen foods: Places portions of cooked foods on tortilla. Rolls or folds tortilla over seasoned ground meat, bean, or cheese mixture to form Mexican food item. May garnish food with cheese, peppers, olives, and other condiments. May wrap tortilla around mixture to form characteristic shape and be known as Burrito Maker (food prep., nec). May fill taco shell with meat and be known as Taco Maker (food prep., nec). May encase cheese or meat mixture in tortilla and be known as Enchilada Maker (food prep., nec). May spoon sauce and meat mixture onto tortilla shaped cornmeal dough and wrap product in corn husk or paper and be known as Tamale Maker (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-050 PLUG SHAPER, HAND (tobacco) alternate titles: shape hand

Compresses lumps of tobacco into plugs of chewing tobacco in hand shapes, performing any combination of following tasks: Greases sinkers to prevent lumps from sticking, using cloth saturated with liquid paraffin or petrolatum. Places sinkers and frames into shape boxes and fills frame cells with specified number of lumps. Positions filled shape box under ram of hydraulic press and turns valve to lower ram onto shapes that compress lumps into plugs. Removes shape boxes from press and sinkers and frames from shape box. Knocks plugs from frame cells, using rake or metal bar. Stacks plugs on table for further processing. Cleans tin plates in washing machine or with cloth and water.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

520.687-054 SEASONING MIXER (meat products) alternate titles: spice mixer

Weighs and mixes seasonings, such as salt, pepper, and sage, according to formula, for use in making sausage: Mixes ingredients by hand or in machine. Dumps mixture into containers and attaches tags or marks containers with identifying information. May grind whole peppers in grinding machine. May cube eggs, pimientos, and pickles, by placing them on cutter screen and lowering press to force them through cutters. May peel and cut onions, using knife. May clip one end of meat casings with clipping tool, and stamp date and code on casings and sausage containers, using rubber stamp.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-058 SYRUP-MIXER ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills)

Empties sacks of ingredients, such as cane and beet sugar, into mixing vats preparatory to making table syrups. Carries containers and materials and cleans vats, using steam hose, as instructed by SYRUP MIXER (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: V GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-062 SPICE MIXER (can. & preserv.)

Weighs and mixes seasonings and other ingredients to prepare spice mixes, according to formula, for use in flavoring canned food products: Weighs specified ingredients, such as spices, salt, and flour, using scales. Mixes ingredients, using mixing machine, spatula, or portable mixer. Fills containers to specified weight with mix for use in canning process.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

520.687-066 BLENDING-TANK TENDER HELPER (can. & preserv.)

Assists BLENDING-TANK TENDER (beverage; can. & preserv.) 520.685-030 by directing filling of holding tanks and performing related duties: Pulls latch of lid-locking hinge or clips metal band holding lid on barrel of juice concentrate, using clippers, to remove lid from barrel. Signals INDUSTRIAL-TRUCK OPERATOR (any industry) 921.683-050 by hand to guide lifting and positioning of barrel adjacent to opening of holding tank. Manually holds barrel in contact with tank opening as barrel is tilted to dump juice concentrate into tank. Sprays inside of barrel to wash remaining concentrate into tank, using hose. Turns valve of holding tank as directed by BLENDING-TANK TENDER (beverage; can. & preserv.) to open flow of concentrate into blending tank and to fill blending tank to specified capacity. Cleans residue and film from equipment and floors following processing, using waterhose, cleaning solution, brushes, and rags.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

521 SEPARATING, CRUSHING, MILLING, CHOPPING, GRINDING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with setting apart materials in a mixture by filtering, sifting, straining, squeezing, precipitation, centrifugal pressure, or agitation, and breaking materials and reducing them to smaller size by compression, chipping, and smashing.

521.130-010 MILLER SUPERVISOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: miller, first; miller, head; mill operator

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning and grinding grain and in bolting flour to ensure milling, according to specifications. Feels flour during processing and adjusts grinding rolls and other equipment to mill product to specifications. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.130-014 SUPERVISOR, POWDERED SUGAR (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in pulverizing and packing powdered sugar. Inspects pulverizing station to verify that grinders are not overheating, load on electrical system is within specified limits, and dust collector system is operative. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.131-010 SUPERVISOR, RICE MILLING (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in milling rice: Reviews instructions covering grade and amount of rice to be milled, and plans operations accordingly. Issues instructions for adjusting shelling-stones, rice hullers, rice-cleaning machine, rice grader, rice polishing equipment, reel, scalping machine and other milling machinery. Observes milling process, examines rice, and issues instructions for adjustment of machinery to maintain quality and quantity of product. May inspect and repair machinery. May plan installation of machinery. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

521.132-010 MILL PLATFORM SUPERVISOR (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding sugarcane in series of crusher mills to extract juice: Signals workers to regulate speed of conveyors and crusher rollers. Pries cane loose from between rollers to break up jams, using wooden pole. Adjusts tension of rollers to ensure total extraction of juice. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.132-014 SUPERVISOR, THRESHING DEPARTMENT (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in threshing department of tobacco processing plant: Pushes buttons on control panels to start conveyors and machines. Observes threshing machine units to detect jams and defective machine operations. Removes clogged tobacco, using metal rod or hand, or diverts flow of tobacco to another processing line until jams have been corrected. Feels tobacco to determine moisture content and turns valves to regulate flow of steam and water into ordering machine [ORDERING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco)]. Keeps payroll timecards for subordinates. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.137-010 SUPERVISOR, PICKING (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in removing offcolor tobacco, stem particles, and foreign matter from tobacco as it moves along belt conveyors: Observes conveyors to detect malfunctioning. Observes activities of workers picking green and dark tobacco, stem particles, and foreign matter, such as string, dirt, and paper from tobacco to ensure that tobacco is processed, according to instructions. Notifies maintenance department of major breakdowns. Turns knob and moves lever to adjust feed chutes and equalize distribution of tobacco on conveyors. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.362-010 CONTINUOUS-ABSORPTION-PROCESS OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Controls continuous absorption process equipment to remove coloring from sugar beet juice and gas regenerating furnace to reactivate carbon (burn out impurities): Starts conveyors and elevators to fill absorption tank with activated carbon. Opens valves and starts pumps to force sugar juice through carbon in tank. Observes gauges and recorder readings on panelboard and adjusts controls to obtain constant flow of juice through tank. Draws sample of juice and observes color for conformance to specifications. Diverts flow of juice through standby tank when color of juice does not meet specifications. Moves controls on panelboard to admit fuel and air into regenerating furnace, and presses button that automatically ignites fire in furnace. Starts conveyors and feeders to convey carbon from tank into furnace that removes impurities in carbon. Reads gauges and recorders and adjusts controls to regulate furnace temperature, fuel-air ratio, and feed rate of carbon into furnace. Records operating data in station log.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.362-014 MILLER, DISTILLERY (beverage)

Controls equipment to clean and grind whole grain for use in production of distilled liquors: Inspects carloads of whole grain to detect presence of harmful insects, such as weevils and grain beetles. Collects sample of grain from each carload for laboratory analysis. Records number of boxcar from which each sample is taken. Pumps whole grain from boxcars to storage tanks or hopper of cleaning machine, using air-conveyor chutes. Starts automatic cleaning machine that blows and sifts foreign particles, such as dirt, twigs, and stones from whole grain and conveys clean grain to storage tank for further processing. Pumps clean grain from storage tank into hopper balanced on scale and records weight of grain before dumping into grinding machine. Starts grinding machine, and regulates flow of grain from hopper. Pumps ground meal from grinding machine into scale-hopper to compute and record difference in weight of grain before and after grinding. Pumps ground meal into meal tank for further processing. Signals MILLER HELPER, DISTILLERY (beverage) to connect air-conveyor chutes to pumps and storage tanks, clean or change screens on cleaning machine, stop and start pumps, conveyors, and machines, and lubricate moving parts of machines and equipment. Makes minor repairs and adjustments to pumps, air-conveyor chutes, and machines. May be designated according to specific duties as Grain Miller (beverage); Grain-Cleaner-And-Transfer Operator (beverage).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.362-018 REFINERY OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: control board operator, sugar refining

Controls refinery equipment to produce sugar and sugar products from starch: Reads dials, meters, and gauges, and moves controls to adjust and regulate treating time, temperature, rate of flow and density of sugar liquors through filter and evaporator units. Monitors panelboard to detect and correct equipment malfunctioning. Records processing, control, and other production data in log. Directs REFINERY OPERATOR, ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills) and FILTER TENDER (grain-feed mills) when emergency operation of equipment is manually required, or in operational assignments.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.365-010 CHAR-FILTER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends bone-char filters to remove soluble impurities and nonsugars from sugar-liquor solutions: Directs CHAR-FILTER-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.) in filling filter tanks with bone-char and liquor. Inspects installations to ensure that hoses are connected to specified manifold pipe. Posts data on blackboard relating to filter operations, such as starting and ending time and quality of liquor being filtered, filters broken down for char regeneration, and filters being washed to recover sugar in char. Notifies other stations when changing filter hookups to ensure flow of specified liquor. Directs helper in removing filter heads, poking filters to break up layers of diatomaceous earth, and changing manifold setups to ensure continuation of refining.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.382-010 EVAPORATOR OPERATOR (can. & preserv.; dairy products; sugar & conf.)

Controls evaporating equipment to concentrate suspensions and solutions to specified degree in vacuum tanks or pans: Pumps liquid into evaporator tank or vacuum pan. Moves switches to start vacuum pumps and maintain specified pressure. Turns valves to admit steam into evaporator chest, coils, tubes, or jackets and regulate steam input to maintain specified temperature. Tests concentration of evaporated solution, using refractometer and hydrometer, and adjusts feeds, temperatures, and pressure accordingly. Pumps concentrated liquid to storage. May tend auxiliary equipment, such as settling tanks, preheating tanks, condensers, and cooling equipment. May supervise workers weighing and mixing batches to predetermined formulas. May pump batch through sterilizer. May control chiller to reduce temperature of fresh citrus juice. May be designated according to material evaporated as Evaporator Operator, Molasses (can. & preserv.); Tomato-Paste Maker (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

521.382-014 SEPARATOR OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates flotation machine to remove germs (embryos) from cracked grain, and tests product to ensure conformance with standards: Determines specific gravity of cracked grain suspension, using hydrometer. Turns valves to add grain or water to attain specified density. Starts machine that agitates suspension and permits oil-laden germs to rise to surface. Adds liquid of specified density that causes germs to float and tests residue for presence of germs. Makes iodine titration on fluid and suspension leaving germ separator, computes sulfur dioxide content from amount of iodine added, and records test findings. May turn valves to regulate flow of materials to other processes, as directed. May operate shakers to remove bran and other fibers from starch suspension.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.385-010 CRACKING-AND-FANNING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: cracker-fanner operator

Tends one or more cracking and fanning machines that shell and crack cocoa beans and separate shells from nibs (cracked beans) preparatory to further processing: Starts machine rollers and blowers that shell and crack beans and starts conveyors that carry off shells and transfer nibs to treating drum. Turns handwheels to adjust roller pressure so that resultant nibs are of specified size. Moves handles to adjust air supply to blower to ensure thorough separation of shells from nibs. Observes thermometer and turns cold water valve to cool conveyor carrying beans from roaster to cracking fanning machine. May grind nibs to obtain liquid chocolate of specified consistency [LIQUOR-GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.462-010 REFINERY OPERATOR, ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills)

Controls semiautomatic refinery equipment to convert starch into liquid sugars and concentrate sugars to specific density: Controls pumps and flow of materials through converters, neutralizers, and evaporators, as instructed. Operates equipment manually during breakdowns [CONVERTER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills); NEUTRALIZER (grain-feed mills)]. Observes instruments to detect equipment malfunctions and reports readings to REFINERY OPERATOR (grain-feed mills). Observes equipment to detect and correct fluid leakage or spillage. Tests sample of product to verify specific gravity, acid strength, and filtration, using hydrometer and other standard test equipment. Adds acids or alkalies to neutralize converted sugar liquors, and verifies concentration, using pH meter.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

521.565-010 LIQUOR-BRIDGE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: liquor-gallery operator; liquor runner

Tends equipment to regulate flow of liquor (sugar solution) from char filters to receiving tanks, as scheduled: Opens valves and starts pumps to maintain flow of liquor into specified storage tank. Places weir box (flow box) under outlet pipe from filter with flow box outlet over gutter leading to tank inlet. Changes position of weir, in accordance with notices from CHAR-FILTER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.), as prescribed by schedules, or when tests of salt content, densities, and purities indicate change in quality of liquor. Regulates flow of soft liquor bypass to attain specified color and purity of soft-sugar liquor (brown sugar). Records hourly readings of soft-liquor flow and purities. Directs LIQUOR-BRIDGE-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.) in regulating flow and routing of sweetwater and wash waters from char filters. Keeps record of filter operations. Takes samples of liquors for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.565-014 MASH-FILTER OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: filter-press operator; mash-filter-press operator

Tends filter machine to clarify and separate wort from mash: Observes pressure gauges and turns valves to permit and regulate flow of mash to filter. Starts pump to recirculate wort through filter until sample reveals desired clarity. Turns valve on signal from KETTLE OPERATOR (beverage) to sparge (sprinkle) mash residue with hot water to obtain maximum amount of wort. Measures and records specific gravity of wort with hydrometer and tallies number of barrels obtained from mash. Turns valve to allow flow of cold water to cool mash residue and filter. May be designated according to type of filter equipment as Lautertub Tender (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.565-018 SOFT-SUGAR OPERATOR, HEAD (sugar & conf.)

Tends centrifuging and screening equipment that separate brown sugar crystals from syrup and sifts crystals to obtain powdered sugar: Sets spinning, washing, and steam cycles on automatic centrifuges, and resets cycles as necessary to attain specified color and quality of sugar. Turns valves to regulate temperature and levels in mixers, surge hoppers, and supply bins. Gives directions to workers packing sugar in bulk bags. Ensures that containers are weighed, coded, and sealed according to specifications. Keeps production records, and prepares reports as specified.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.582-010 SILICA-FILTER OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: filter-machine operator

Operates silica-filtering machine to remove protein and yeast particles from beer: Positions filter screens between frames and lowers screens into filter tank, using power winch. Fills mixing tank with specified amounts of silica and water. Starts agitator that mixes water and silica, and starts pump to transfer mixture into filter tank and coat screens. Turns calibrated carbon dioxide air valve to pressurize tank. Starts pump that transfers beer from storage tank through filter screens to strain protein and yeast particles from beer. Drains off sample of beer and examines it for clarity. Starts pump to transfer filtered beer to bottle-house storage tank or to lager cellars for carbonation. Removes screens from tank, using power winch, and rinses screens with water, using hose. Records number of barrels and type of beer filtered on production records.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.585-010 CENTRIFUGAL-STATION OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (sugar & conf.)

Tends battery of automatic batch-type, recycling centrifugals that separate sugar crystals from mother liquor (syrup): Sets timing of cycles on control board, according to type and consistency of syrup being processed. Turns switches on control panel to start centrifugals and regulate flow of solution. Observes colored panel lights, dials, and continuous graphs, and adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature, pressure, and cycling and recycling operations. Adjusts timers or controls as necessary to obtain specified operating conditions. Observes progress of solution through loading, washing, spin drying, and dumping processes to detect faulty operation of equipment. Records operational data.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.585-014 MILLER (beverage)

Tends milling machine that grinds malted barley and cereals, such as corn and rice, for use in making brew mash: Starts preset milling machine and conveyor. Pulls chain to open slide gate on storage bin and drop grain onto conveyor for transfer to machine. Weighs milled grain, using scale hopper or machine. Records weight and type of product milled.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.585-018 POWDER-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends powder-mill pulverizer that grinds granular sugar into fondant or powdered sugar: Starts powder mill, conveyors, dust collectors, and humidifying equipment to ready station for operations. Opens valves to admit and regulate flow of sugar into pulverizer. Adjusts controls to compensate for changes and fluctuations in production. Dissolves specified amounts of sugar in water and spins solution in centrifugal device to determine starch percentage. Regulates starch flow to bring percentage within specified limits and prevent powder from caking. Dissolves other samples to test them for grist. Cleans dust lines, scrolls, and chutes and clears hopper and elevator blockades. Observes dials and gauges to ascertain that grinders are not overloaded or overheated. Inspects chains, belts, and scrolls for signs of wear. Keeps records of tests and production. May be designated according to type of sugar pulverized as Powdered-Sugar-Pulverizer Operator (sugar & conf.); or equipment operated as Fondant-Machine Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.662-010 MILLER, WET PROCESS (grain-feed mills)

Operates fuss and impact mills to crack and grind steeped or degerminated grain, such as corn or milo, to facilitate separation of starch, bran, and gluten: Turns handwheels and moves levers to regulate pinch of buhrs and to control flow of grain through gates. Opens valve to start flow of liquid starch into mill to flush buhrs. Feels ground grain to ascertain if specified degree of fineness is attained. Signals millhouse workers to ensure continuous flow of materials to and from grinding mill. May disassemble mill to install new buhrs, using wrenches and hoist.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.665-010 CHAR-FILTER-TANK TENDER, HEAD (grain-feed mills)

Tends char filter tanks that remove undesirable colloids from glucose and corn syrup: Signals FILTER-TANK-TENDER HELPER, HEAD (grain-feed mills) to fill tanks with char (activated carbon) and turn valves to start flow of syrup from storage. Couples flexible pipe to filters to transfer solution to and from filters, or signals FILTER-TANK-TENDER HELPER, HEAD (grain-feed mills) to couple pipe. Collects sample of solution to examine color and measure density, using hydrometer. Reads thermometers and directs workers to turn steam valves to maintain specified temperature. Directs workers engaged in washing activated carbon and informs CHAR PULLER (grain-feed mills; sugar & conf.) when to remove char.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.665-014 EXTRACTOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machines that extract juice from citrus fruit: Starts machines, observes fruit rolling down chutes, and clears jams by prodding fruit with stick. Inspects machine for proper functioning. Examines refuse to determine whether maximum amount of juice had been extracted. Notifies supervisor of needed adjustments or faulty machine operation. Stops machines when signal indicates juice tanks are filled. Lubricates and cleans machines. May make minor adjustments to machines. May change reamer heads for different fruit sizes.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.665-018 FILTER-PRESS TENDER, HEAD (grain-feed mills)

Tends filter presses that remove solids, such as carbon, proteins, and $T3filtracell,$T1 from solution to produce glucose syrup of standard color and clarity: Turns valves to control flow of material through press. Folds and jams edges of filter cloths between plates to seal leaks in press, using sharp-edged tool. Observes gauges for increased pressure which indicate need for cleaning presses, and notifies PRESS PULLERS (grain-feed mills) when cleaning is required. Starts agitator and pumps that transfer filtrate into tank. Washes filter cloths in washing machine. May add activated carbon to tank to decolorize filtrate. May tend vacuum or cloth filter press that removes water from corn tailings used in preparing stock feed and be known as Press Tender, Head, Feed House (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.665-022 RICE CLEANING MACHINE TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends battery of machines that clean rough grain preparatory to milling, and mill, brush, grade, and polish grain: Starts machines, such as shelling stones, grain hullers, paddy separators, grain brush, grain cleaning machine, and grain polisher. Turns wheels to adjust feeder equipment of machines. Turns valves to regulate flow of compressed air into machines to blow chaff and dust from grain. Examines grain during processing to ensure that production and quality standards are met. Adjusts machines. Opens gates on feed pipes to route grain to designated milling machines. Performs maintenance duties, such as scraping sieves in machine with stick to remove dirt, straw, or other foreign material, lubricating equipment, and tightening belts, bolts, and nuts, using mechanics handtools. Gauges height of grain in storage tank, using tape measure. Converts measurement to number of bushels in bin, using conversion chart.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.665-026 SIEVE-GRADER TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends battery of rotary or oscillating screens that segregate vegetables, such as peas and beets, according to size: Starts motors to activate screens and observes peas passing over screens to prevent clogging and overflow. Observes signal and opens hopper gate to permit peas of specified size and grade to drop into whitening trough for decolorization.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.682-010 CENTRIFUGAL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills; sugar & conf.)

Operates centrifugal machines to separate and wash molasses and mother liquor (syrup) from sugar crystals: Opens gate allowing sugar mass to flow into centrifuge basket. Starts centrifuge that automatically passes through cycles of spinning off mother liquor, washing off molasses, and spinning off washwater. Lifts plate covering bottom of basket, positions cutting arm over sugar and starts machine to cut sugar crystals from inside basket. Washes centrifuge, using hose. May be designated by type of sugar processed as Soft-Sugar Cutter (sugar & conf.); White-Sugar Centrifugal Operator (sugar & conf.); or purpose of operation as Cubelet-Centrifugal Operator (sugar & conf.); Low-Raw-Sugar Cutter (sugar & conf.); Melt-House Centrifugal Operator (sugar & conf.); Remelt-Centrifugal Operator (sugar & conf.); Remelt-Sugar Cutter (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.682-014 COCOA-PRESS OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Operates one or more hydraulic cocoa presses that remove specified amounts of cocoa butter (natural oil of cocoa bean) from chocolate liquor: Starts pump to remove liquor from storage to steam-heated tanks. Observes thermometers and sets thermostat to heat liquor to specified temperature. Sets pressure gauge and stroke of ram on cocoa press, according to specifications, using handtools. Starts press to activate ram that automatically fills pots with chocolate liquor, extrudes specified amounts of cocoa butter into holding tank, and ejects cocoa cakes onto conveyor. Records weight of cocoa butter as indicated on scale-equipped holding tank. May start pump to move cocoa butter into storage tank through filters or centrifugal separator to remove cocoa residue [COCOA-BUTTER-FILTER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. May fill pots, remove and stack cocoa cakes, and install steel and fiber separator pads by hand when machine is nonautomatic.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.682-018 FILTER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates filter machine to separate contaminants from cornstarch and controls temperature and specific gravity of starch suspension fed to filters: Turns valves to admit water to dilute starch suspension in standardization tank, until hydrometer indicates specific gravity of solution conforms to specifications. Starts pumps and turns valves to transfer starch suspension between filter and tanks, and to regulate flow of wash water to filter spray nozzles. Reads thermometers and turns steam valves to heat tank coils and maintain specified temperature of water. Assists in changing filter cloths, and repairs or replaces broken filter strings. May flush soiled filter cloths, using hose. May insert wires into filter nozzles to clear clogging. May standardize starch suspensions in batch tanks after filtering [BATCH-TANK CONTROLLER (grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.682-022 FLAKE MILLER, WHEAT AND OATS (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: cereal miller

Operates drier, huller, separator, steel cutter, cooker, and flake roller machines to produce wheat and oats flakes, according to specifications: Adjusts slides in chutes and turns valves to regulate flow of grain to machines. Adjusts flow of air to dry grain and feels grain to determine hulling capability. Observes hulling process and adjusts speed of machines that remove and separate hulls from oats. Turns valves to regulate temperature and moisture in cooker, and adjusts tension on flaking-machine rolls, according to hardness and size of grain.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.682-026 GRINDER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: feed miller; gristmiller; mill operator; roller-mill operator

Operates bank of roll grinders to grind grain into meal or flour: Opens and closes slides in spouts to route grain to various grinders and sifters. Turns wheels to adjust pressure of grinding rollers for each break (passage of grain between rollers), according to grain size and hardness, and adjusts feed chutes to regulate flow of grain to rollers. Inspects product and sifts out chaff to determine percentage of yield. Adjusts rollers to maintain maximum yield. Replaces worn grinding rollers, using handtools. May sift and bolt meal or flour. May clean and temper grain prior to grinding. May direct workers who drain and temper grain and bolt meal or flour. May be designated according to grain milled as Corn Miller (grain-feed mills). May operate burr mills instead of roll grinders to grind grain and be designated Burr-Mill Operator (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

521.682-030 HULLER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates machines to clean rice and remove hulls from rice preparatory to milling: Starts machinery, such as rice cleaner, reel, shelling stones, rice huller, and conveyor. Adjusts gate in spout to regulate flow of rice into reel. Observes cleaning and hulling processes, feels rice, and adjusts machinery to ensure rice is processed in accordance with specifications. Performs related duties, such as lubricating equipment and repairing machinery. May keep production reports. May direct workers in storage of graded rice.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.682-034 REFINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: chocolate-finisher operator; chocolate finisher; chocolate refiner; chocolate-refining roller

Operates refining machines equipped with rollers to grind chocolate paste in accordance with specifications: Starts conveyor to feed chocolate into refiner hoppers. Feels consistency of chocolate in hoppers to determine grinding required. Turns handwheels on machine to adjust clearance between rollers. Opens hopper and starts machine that feeds chocolate between rollers of refining machine. Observes thermometer or feels rollers and turns water valves to obtain specified temperature of rollers. Examines, feels, and tastes ground chocolate paste to ascertain if color, texture, and taste meet standards. Collects sample of paste for laboratory analysis. May observe flowmeters and turn valves to measure out cocoa butter, vegetable oil, and other ingredients, according to formula, and to fortify chocolate in mixing tanks. May scoop refined chocolate paste into wheeled troughs or barrels. May weigh and transport barrels to cold storage rooms, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

521.682-038 SHRIMP-PEELING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Sets up and operates peeling machine to behead and peel shrimp preparatory to canning or freezing: Spaces peeling rolls on machine, according to size of shrimp to be processed and adjusts holding rack bars to intermesh between rolls, using wrenches. Turns thumbscrews to adjust spring tension on holding rack bars, according to shrimp size and turns valves to start water flow over rolls. Starts machine and feed conveyor and spreads shrimp over feed pan at head of rolls to ensure even distribution, using wooden rake. Examines samples of peeled shrimp to ensure conformance with standards. Adjusts roll spacing and holding for tension as required. Dismantles and cleans machine with high-pressure stream from water hose. May sterilize machine parts by directing hot water or live steam over them with hose.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

521.685-010 ALMOND HULLER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that removes hulls and foreign matter from almonds: Starts machine and dumps almonds into hopper of machine. Moves levers to control flow of almonds from hopper to machine that agitates screens or cylinders to remove hulls from almonds. Turns valve to regulate pressure and directional flow of air that separates loose hulls, twigs and foreign matter from nuts. Observes almonds as they pass on conveyor belt from machine to ascertain that hulls are removed. Changes screens or adjusts cylinders of machine to accommodate different varieties of almonds, using wrench. May sew sacks of almonds. May nail covers on crates filled with hulled almonds.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-014 ALMOND-BLANCHER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends almond-blanching machine that removes skins from almonds: Turns valves to fill kettle of machine with water and to admit steam into heating chamber of kettle. Observes steam pressure and water temperature gauges, and turns valves to regulate steam pressure and water temperature, according to specifications. Actuates machine to start flow of almonds into kettle. Turns handwheel to adjust rollers that squeeze skins from almonds. Observes blanched (skinned) almonds as they emerge from blanching machine and makes necessary adjustments to machine to ensure that skins are removed.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-018 ALMOND-CUTTING-MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that dices, halves, slices, or slivers almond meats: Installs specified cutting blades, using handtools. Actuates machine to start flow of almond meats into machine. Examines cut almond meats to check for conformance with cutting specifications. Adjusts cutting blades as required. Inserts different blades into machine to accommodate various sizes of almonds. Sharpens blades with file or $T3bench grinder.$T1 May be designated according to function of machine tended as Dicer-Machine Operator (can. & preserv.); Halver-Machine Operator (can. & preserv.); Slicer-Machine Operator (can. & preserv.); Sliver-Machine Operator (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-022 BATCH-TANK CONTROLLER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment to maintain specific gravity of starch suspensions emerging from filter machines and starch-flushing system, and transfers solution for conversion into sugar and glucose: Dips sample from breaker tank and tests for specific gravity, using hydrometer. Turns valves to return suspension for reflushing if density does not meet standards. Starts tank agitators to prevent starch from settling. Turns valves and starts pumps to transfer solution to storage tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-026 BLEACHER, LARD (meat products; oils & grease) alternate titles: lard maker

Tends equipment that bleaches and filters unrefined lard or edible oil: Starts pumps to draw unrefined material from storage tank into bleaching kettle. Dumps prescribed amount of fuller's earth into kettle to absorb impurities in material. Starts agitators to mix materials. Turns valves to allow steam or cool water to circulate through bleacher coils to heat or cool material to specified temperature. Draws sample of material for laboratory analysis. Dumps additional fuller's earth in kettle as directed. Inserts new filter cloths on filter plates. Starts pumps to draw material from bleaching kettle and force it through filter-press. Starts pumps to drain bleached and filtered material from filter-press tank into storage tank.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-030 BOLTER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: sifter operator

Tends banks of sifting and purifying machines that separate fine flour from coarse flour or middlings: Opens spouts and adjusts feed slides to route flour to machines and to regulate flow across sifters without overloading. Feels sifted flour to detect uneven texture that indicates breaks in screens. Pulls screen frames from machine to locate and replace broken screens. Records weights of flour grades produced as indicated on automatic scales. May collect flour samples periodically for laboratory testing. May perform color tests of flour, comparing color of various batches to maintain quality of milled product. May be designated according to machine tended as Purifier (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-034 BREAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: breaker operator; cutting-machine operator

Tends machine that breaks scored sheets of chewing gum into tablet size pieces. Starts machine and empties trays of scored gum sheets into revolving drum of machine. Inserts wire mesh basket into opening of machine to collect and withdraw gum tablets.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-038 BRINE-TANK-SEPARATOR OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends gravity-fed brine-filled tanks that separate young, tender vegetables, such as peas and lima beans, from more matured vegetables: Turns valve to add solution to tank and maintain specified level. Pushes vegetables down chute to prevent clogging, as vegetables emerge from tank. Cleans tank and work area, using scraper and water hose. May mix brine solution [BRINE-MIXER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (can. & preserv.)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-042 CENTRIFUGE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends centrifuge machines that refine liquid wort for use in making malted milk: Assembles and attaches bowl, rings, and cover onto centrifuge, using hoist and handtools. Starts machine, observes tachometer, and adjusts controls to regulate speed. Starts pumps, turns valves, and observes gauges to convey wort through machine at specified pressure. Regulates clarity of wort by observing color and turning valves to alter pressure flow. Removes solids from machine with wooden paddle. Cleans machine with water.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-046 CENTRIFUGE OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends centrifugal separator and flotation cells that separate starch from gluten in processing milled grain: Observes recording instruments, turns valves, and moves levers to obtain specified temperatures, specific gravities, and air, water, and product flow rates in centrifuges and flotation cells. Inspects, cleans, and lubricates equipment. Observes gauges and turns valves to maintain level of wash and dilution waters in supply tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-050 CENTRIFUGE OPERATOR (oils & grease)

Tends centrifuge machines to remove solid impurities and water from animal and vegetable oils: Turns valves to admit steam to jackets of machines. Starts pumps and opens valves to feed oil to machines and to transfer oil to receiving tanks. Observes gauges on machines to determine when temperature is within prescribed range. May rub oil between fingers to detect grit and reprocess oil that does not meet company standards. May open valves to pump oil through one or more settling tanks to separate water from oil. May clean centrifuge and settling tanks. Does not utilize heat when processing essential oils, such as citrus oils, due to volatility of these oils.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-054 CLARIFIER (grain-feed mills; oils & grease)

Tends equipment that removes sediment and moisture to purify oleo stock: Turns steam valve to heat clarifying tank. Positions strainers across filling vents of tank. Turns valve to start flow of oleo stock through strainers and into tank. Removes foreign material from surface of hot oleo stack, using skimmer. Observes gauges and adjusts steam valves to keep oleo stock heated to specified temperature.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-058 CLARIFIER (beverage)

Tends machine that clarifies wine prior to filtering: Starts pump to transfer fermented wine from settling cask to clarifying tank. Spreads chemicals over surface of wine to aid in clarification, and starts agitator to mix ingredients for specified period of time. Stops agitator to allow suspended matter to settle. Starts pumps to transfer clarified wine to filtering tank. May fumigate empty wine casks with bottled gas and burn sulfur sticks in casks to kill bacteria.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-062 CLEAN-RICE GRADER AND REEL TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends machines that clean, grade, and polish rice: Turns wheels of feeder box to regulate amount of rice on cleaning screen. Adjusts air valve to regulate air draft that removes dust and straw from rice on screen. Regulates air suction in aspirator that cools rice and removes bran. Observes rice passing through reels that separate brewer's rice (broken grains) from rice screenings (larger broken grains) and head rice (whole grains). Adjusts rice grader to ensure required separation of rice screenings from head rice. Tends machine that mixes water and corn syrup used as rice polish. Opens outlet in mixer to permit polish to flow into auger mixer and polish rice.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-066 COCOA-BEAN CLEANER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: bean dumper

Tends machine that removes from cocoa beans, such foreign materials as stones, string and dirt: Selects bags of cocoa beans, according to instructions and transfers them to hopper of machine, using handtruck; or presses button to start conveyors that move beans from silo to hopper. Opens bags with knife and dumps beans into machine hopper. Positions conveyor spout to direct cleaned beans to specified silo for storage. Starts conveyors and machine that carry beans through air-cleaning system to remove foreign matter. Observes cleaning process to detect machine malfunction or material overflow. Removes and stacks sacks of dirt from discharge spout of air-cleaning system. Examines silo to verify conveyance of specified type of bean.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-070 COCOA-BUTTER-FILTER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends press that separates residue from cocoa butter: Reads pressure gauge and starts pump that forces unrefined cocoa butter through filter screen to separate residue from oil and transfers refined cocoa butter to storage. Unclamps door of filter to remove screen and gain access to interior of machine. Flushes and removes residue from screen and filter interior, using scraper and water hose. May treat cocoa butter with prescribed amounts of charcoal and clay to deodorize cocoa butter in treatment tank and filter press. May tend centrifuge to separate cocoa butter from residue and be designated Centrifugal Separator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-074 COCOA-ROOM OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: cocoa-mill operator

Tends automatic equipment and machinery that pulverizes cocoa cakes into powder of specified fineness and weighs and bags cocoa powders: Starts conveyors to move cocoa cakes through rollers of crusher into hammer mill for grinding into powder, through cooling chamber, and into air classification system which separates powder, according to density. Feels cocoa to ascertain fineness and collects sample for laboratory analysis. Fastens bag to holding tank outlet and pushes button to discharge specified amount of cocoa into bag through automatic weighing device. Verifies weight of filled bags, using scale. Closes bag and stacks bag on skids. May move cocoa cakes from storage area preparatory to dumping into hopper of crusher, using pallets and handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-078 COFFEE GRINDER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: granulizing-machine operator

Tends machines that grind coffee beans to specified fineness: Pulls lever or adjusts control to regulate flow of coffee beans into grinding machines. Starts machines and turns dials or moves levers to adjust grinding rollers. May control conveyors that carry ground coffee to storage bins.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-082 CORN GRINDER (food prep., nec)

Tends grinding machine that hulls cooked corn and grinds it into masa (cornmeal dough) for use in production of products, such as tortillas and corn chips: Scoops cooked corn into hopper of grinding machine or attaches pipe to outlet on soaking vat and starts pump to transfer corn from holding vat through washer and onto conveyor that carries corn into hopper of grinder. Starts grinder. Feels masa to determine consistency of grind, and adjusts grinding stones when necessary.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-086 CORN-GRINDER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (grain-feed mills)

Tends semiautomatic machine that crushes and rolls cooked corn into dough for use in various prepared food products: Starts machine and moves controls to set speed of grinder screws and clearance of spreader rollers to produce dough of specified texture and thickness. Fingers handful of dough to verify texture and fineness of grind. Moves controls to synchronize conveyor speed with machine action, maintaining dough supply at efficient level for production of food products by other workers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-090 CRUSHER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: carrier operator

Tends series of multiple roller mills that grind sugarcane to extract sugar juice. Moves levers to feed shredded sugarcane into mills.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-094 CRUSHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: grape crusher

Tends machine that crushes grapes to form must (juice, pulp, and skins of grape) for use in making wine: Starts machine and regulates rate of flow of grapes into crusher. Opens outlet valves to drain must into fermenting tanks. Starts refuse conveyor that removes stems from machine. Removes debris from crusher reservoir (sump) and outlets. Cleans and lubricates machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-098 CUTTER, FROZEN MEAT (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that cuts frozen meats, such as fish, poultry, and beef into pieces preparatory to grinding: Dumps cartons of food product onto cutting table. Starts machine and positions meat in front of pusher. Starts automatic pusher or turns handwheel to push meat into cutter, and to regulate thickness of cut. May record weight of meat cut.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-102 CUTTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy cutter, machine; cutter, machine; slicing-machine feeder; stripper-machine operator

Tends machine that cuts candy, such as caramel, nougat, or fudge, in pieces or strips of specified size: Cuts slab of candy into sections, using knife. Selects cutting disks, mounted on shaft, according to specified width of cut, and installs cutting disks in machine. Places candy on conveyor that carries it under rotating disks for cutting into strips. Repositions cut strips on conveyor or feeds strips against knife so that slicing occurs at right angle to first cut, forming square or oblong pieces of candy suitable for shipment or further processing. Weighs random samples to ensure conformity of product with size and weight specifications. Dusts candy with flour or starch to prevent sticking. May tend machine equipped with two cutting heads, and device that changes feed angle so that candy is automatically sliced into strips and cut into pieces of specified size and shape. May be designated according to candy processed as Caramel Cutter, Machine (sugar & conf.); Mint-Machine Operator (sugar & conf.); Nougat Cutter, Machine (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.685-106 DETHISTLER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends flotation cleaner that removes materials, such as pod fragments, leaves, or thistles from peas and other vegetables preparatory to canning or freezing: Mixes emulsion solution with water, according to standard formula. Turns valves to fill supply and separator tanks, and pretreater with water, and starts heater, pretreater pump, and recovery reel. Starts separator pump and pours emulsion and oil into air inlet pipe. Pulls lever to allow vegetables to flow into separator tank which floats foreign material out over recovery reel screen. May weigh sample of cleaned peas and compute weight loss.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-110 DRIED FRUIT WASHER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that washes dried fruit, such as apricots, figs, prunes, and raisins preparatory to canning, packaging, or making specialty foods, such as mincemeat and chutney: Dumps fruit into hopper of machine. Starts machine that rotates fruit rapidly in water to remove dirt and automatically ejects fruit onto receiving tray. May inspect washed fruit and remove foreign matter. May be designated according to dried fruit washed as Apricot Washer (food prep., nec); Fig Washer (food prep., nec); Prune Washer (food prep., nec); Raisin Washer (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-114 EGG-BREAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that breaks eggs and separates yolk from white of egg: Starts machine that automatically breaks eggs and dumps contents into individual cups. Observes eggs for specified yolk and white color, quality, and clarity. Trips cup lever to drop inferior yolk or white before cups enter separator trays. Stops machine to remove contaminated cups.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-118 EXTRACTOR OPERATOR (beverage)

Tends centrifuge or power-driven press that extracts moisture from residue of fermented mash after distillation: Pumps residue from storage tanks into centrifuge, or through filter screens and into power-driven press, that separates solids from liquids and extracts moisture from residue solids. Starts conveyor or blower system that transfers residue solids to rotary drier for further processing. Cleans and sterilizes equipment, using steam cleaning apparatus and alkali solutions. May maintain and repair equipment, using handtools. May be designated according to equipment tended as Centrifuge Operator (beverage); Press Operator (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-122 FEED GRINDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends machines that grind, cut, crimp, shell, or roll grain, hay, corncobs, chaff, and screenings for stock and poultry feed: Opens chute to regulate flow of grain into machine or pitches hay and corncobs into machine hopper. Starts machine and adjusts control to regulate speed, according to fineness of grind specified. May tend separator that cleans grain prior to grinding or to sift ground grain. May start conveyors and elevators to transfer processed feed to storage or packing machine bins. May fill sacks and weigh them on platform scale. May be designated according to machine tended as Corn-Cutter Operator (grain-feed mills); Corn-Sheller Operator (grain-feed mills); Crimper Operator (grain-feed mills); Crusher-Machine Operator (grain-feed mills); Hammer-Mill Operator (grain-feed mills); Rolled-Oats-Mill Operator (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-126 FILTER OPERATOR (beverage; sugar & conf.)

Tends filtering machines that separate liquids from slurry and remove impurities: Starts filter, and turns valves to circulate slurry through filtering machines to recover liquids from slurry. Moves controls to regulate speed of drum rotation and turns valves to regulate vacuum pressure that forces slurry through liquid. Observes discharge of filter cake from drum and adjusts controls to regulate speed of drum rotation. May remove and replace filter cloths and clean drums or plates. May tend equipment that filters, dionizes, and cools bulk wine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-130 FILTER-PRESS TENDER (beverage)

Tends screw-type filter press that removes tartrates from wine or produces sheen on wine prior to bottling: Covers filter plates with cloth pads and turns handwheel to close press. Starts press and turns valves to admit wine through filters. Starts pumps to transfer filtered wine to storage tanks or bottling room. Replaces filter pads.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-134 FILTER-TANK-TENDER HELPER, HEAD (grain-feed mills)

Tends filter tank that separates undesirable solids from glucose and dextrose under direction of CHAR-FILTER-TANK TENDER, HEAD (grain-feed mills): Couples pipe to filters and turns valves to control flow of solution from storage. Removes filter head, using wrench. Inserts charging spout into opening of filter and pulls lever of sliding gate to admit char (activated carbon) into filter. Replaces filter head, using wrench.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-138 FILTERING-MACHINE TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends filtering machines that separate cornstarch from undesirable protein solids: Starts machine and turns valves to admit starch suspension from tank through filters and to control flow of wash water to filter spray nozzles. Observes thermometers and turns steam valves to maintain specified temperature of water in tank. Controls flow of water into standardization tanks to regulate specific gravity of starch suspension, according to instructions from FILTER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills). Changes damaged filter cloths and flushes soiled cloths, using hose. Inserts wire into holes of spray nozzles to prevent clogging.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-142 FINISHER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends filtering equipment that separates skins and seeds from tomato sauce, chile sauce, and catsup, prior to packaging: Installs specified screens in filtering equipment, using handtools. Places refuse drums under tank outlet to receive skins and seeds. Starts agitating paddles that force sauce through filter screens to separate skins and seeds from liquid. Dips ladle into sauce tank to obtain sample for examination. Examines sauce for consistency and presence of skins and seeds that indicate clogged or damaged filter screens. Changes damaged screens, using handtools. Starts pump to transfer filtered sauce to holding tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-146 FRUIT-PRESS OPERATOR (beverage; can. & preserv.)

Tends power press that extracts juice from fruit: Positions empty filter bags between sections of press, or places frame equipped with filter cloth (blanket) on press cart. Pulls lever or turns valve to release fruit from hopper or pipeline into bag openings or onto filter cloth. Seals tops of filled bags, using metal clamps; or spreads fruit evenly over filter cloth, folds corners of cloth to cover fruit, removes forming frame, and pushes cart loaded with fruit into press. Starts press. Removes filter bags or pulls cart from press and dumps fruit pulp residue into container. May start pump to transfer juice to storage tanks. May perform duties as member of crew.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-150 GLUTEN-SETTLING TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends settling tanks that separate gluten from water: Turns valves to discharge gluten and water from starch tables into tank. Turns and adjusts inlet and outlet valves to maintain constant level in tank until water has drained from settled grain. Starts pump that transfers gluten to $T3plate press.$T1 Pushes remaining gluten from tank, using squeegee, and cleans tank, using hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-154 GRADER TENDER (agriculture)

Tends machines that clean and grade seed corn: Starts machines and opens chute gate to permit corn to flow through series of vibrating screens. Adjusts chute slides to regulate flow of corn to reciprocating screens and revolving cylinders that separate corn kernels, according to width, thickness, and length. Examines graded kernels for uniformity, using test screen. Replaces defective screens and cylinders.
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-158 GRANULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: granulator operator

Tends machine that cuts tobacco into granular form and screens dust and coarse particles from granulated tobacco: Starts conveyor, cutting knives, fans, and screens. Shovels tobacco into hopper and shoves tobacco between feed rolls of machine that carry tobacco under cutting knives. Observes screening process and removes foreign material left in screened tobacco. Places boxes or trucks at discharge end of machine to catch granulated tobacco.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-162 GRATED-CHEESE MAKER (dairy products) alternate titles: grating-machine operator

Tends grinding, drying, and cooling equipment to make grated cheese: Starts grater, drying drums or drying chamber, heater, blowers, cooling cones, and hammer mill. Dumps cheese blocks into feedbox of grater, and starts ram that pushes cheese against grating wheel. Tests sample of grated cheese for moisture content, using moisture meter, and turns handles or valves to alter conveyor speed or flow of hot air in drier to obtain specified moisture content. Observes gauges on cooling chambers and milling hammers, and notifies supervisor of deviation from specifications.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-166 GRINDER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends grinding mills that process baked or dried bulk cereal products prior to packaging: Starts grinder and opens chute gate on hopper to direct bulk cereal between grinding rolls. Sifts handful of ground and graded cereal through set of screens to determine whether cereal has been ground to specified size. Moves levers to adjust roll clearance in grinder to produce cereal comparable to that of screened sample. Cleans and replaces clogged or worn screens.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-170 HASHER OPERATOR (meat products) alternate titles: mincing-machine operator

Tends machine that chops (hashes) and rinses entrails, fat, and other condemned or inedible parts of carcasses preparatory to rendering: Starts hasher machine and feeds meat onto machine conveyor or into hopper by hand or using pitchfork or shovel. Turns valves to admit water into revolving drum of washer that rinses chopped meat. Dismantles and cleans machine, using wrench and water hose. May cut up whole carcasses, using cleaver. May chill pieces of fat with ice before hashing.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-174 HONEY EXTRACTOR (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that extracts liquid honey from combs: Places decapped honeycombs in baskets of honey-extracting machine and closes cover. Sets clock for specified time cycle and starts extractor machine to pump honey from honeycombs to drums for storage. Stops machine when time bell rings. Removes emptied honeycombs from machine and places them in vacant supers. May cut caps from honeycombs [HONEYCOMB DECAPPER (food prep., nec)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-178 HOP STRAINER (beverage) alternate titles: hop separator

Tends machine and equipment to strain hops (used in flavoring beer) from hot wort: Turns valves and starts pumps to transfer wort from brew kettle, through straining machine, and into hot wort storage tank. Starts conveyor which disposes of hops removed from wort. Turns intake and outlet valves to control rate of straining. Observes flowmeters and pressure gauges to determine if equipment is malfunctioning. Inspects strained wort through portholes and sight glasses to ascertain if hops have been removed. Cleans interior and exterior of straining machine with water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-182 HOPPER ATTENDANT (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that distributes and screens sugar: Opens hopper gates, and starts, reverses, or stops feed scrolls to distribute sugar to bulk systems and packing station. Adjusts feed of sugar to rotating screens that separate sugar crystals, according to size. Collects samples of grists for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-186 HOT-WORT SETTLER (beverage)

Tends equipment to fill tanks with hot wort and permit solids to settle before transferring to cooling machine: Opens valves to admit hot wort from hop strainer to storage tank. Taps (drains) filled tanks after solids have settled. Turns valves, sets float line, and pulls bottom plug to drain wort into cooling line. Climbs into empty settling tank to scrub inside and remove residue, using hose and brush. May read gauges and record amount of hot wort received in tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-190 ION EXCHANGE OPERATOR (beverage)

Tends equipment that removes chemical salts from wine: Starts pump and opens valves to circulate wine through column of synthetic resin crystals to absorb potassium ions from wine. Opens valve to admit water into column to backflush accumulated sediment. Opens valve and starts pump to circulate acid or brine solution through column to regenerate resin crystals. Notifies maintenance engineer of equipment malfunction.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-194 LABORATORY MILLER (grain-feed mills)

Tends machines that clean and grind samples of grain to obtain flour samples for testing: Pours grain into machines to remove chaff, dirt, undesirable seeds, and determine moisture content. Dumps cleaned grain into mill hopper to grind wheat into flour. Dumps flour into machine to sift it into standard flour samples. Dumps samples in container and records identifying data for laboratory information. May perform chemical tests on grain and flour samples.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-198 LINTER TENDER (oils & grease) alternate titles: ginner; linter

Tends battery of linter machines that remove linters (bits of cotton fibers adhering to cottonseed) before seed is crushed and pressed to extract oil: Starts flow of seed into machine. Observes and feels seeds that flow from machine to ensure removal of linters. Turns thumbscrews to regulate pressure of seed against saws. Removes setscrews with wrench and moves shaft holding brushes closer to saws to maintain efficient cleaning operation. May assist LINTER-SAW SHARPENER (oils & grease) to remove saw cylinder for sharpening.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-202 LIQUOR-GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: cocoa-milling-machine operator

Tends one or more grinding mills that grind nibs (cracked cocoa beans) or preground nibs of cocoa bean paste to obtain liquid chocolate of specified consistency: Starts machine and opens slide gate of hopper to release nibs, or turns valve to permit paste to flow through grinding stones. Observes ammeter on machine to determine amount of current produced by friction of grinding stone, and moves handles to adjust clearance between stones. Feels and tastes liquor to ascertain if texture conforms to standards. Draws sample for laboratory analysis. Pumps liquor to storage tanks. May pregrind nibs into paste-like consistency.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-206 LYE-PEEL OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that removes skins of fruits and vegetables and outer membrane of peeled citrus fruits: Turns valves to admit steam to heat lye solution in tank and to regulate lye and water sprays. Starts conveyor to carry fruit or vegetables through machine. Observes and feels fruit or vegetable emerging from machine to determine if immersion time is sufficient to ensure removal of skin or membrane. May load conveyor by hand. May prepare lye solution by dumping lye chips into tank of heated water. May scald products to loosen skin or peel and be designated Scalder (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-210 MEAL-GRINDER TENDER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: roller tender

Tends machines that grind grain between rollers: Observes flow of grain between grinding rollers. Adjusts slides to regulate flow of grain to rollers and turns hand screws to regulate space between rollers, under direction of GRINDER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills). Pulls lever to spring rolls apart when grain stops flowing, to prevent damage to rollers. May start conveyor that transports grain from storage area to grinding machines. May lubricate machines. May obtain sample of ground grain for testing.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-214 MEAT GRINDER (meat products)

Tends machine that grinds meat for use in making such products as bologna, meat loaves, and sausages: Pushes truck of cut meat from cooler room to grinding machine. Selects and inserts grinding plate in machine for specified particle size. Shovels meat into machine hopper, using fork, and positions truck under discharge spout. Starts machine. May cut chunks of meat into smaller pieces, using power operated cleaver or slicer. May select and weigh meat in cooler room for grinding.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-218 MEAT-GRADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends grading machine that sorts almond meats, according to size: Loosens turnbuckles to open grading machine, using wrench, and inserts circular grading screens into drum of machine. Closes drum of machine, and turns knob to regulate air pressure, according to specifications. Starts flow of almond meats into machine, and starts machine that sorts almond meats by shaking action that causes smaller almond meats to drop through holes on screens and larger almond meats to run off top of screen onto conveyor belts. Observes almond meats on screen to ensure that they are sorted as required. Tightens or loosens bolt on spindle of machine to adjust shaking action of grading screen to sort almond meats as specified.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-222 MILK-POWDER GRINDER (dairy products) alternate titles: malted-milk mixer

Tends equipment that mills and sifts milk powders: Fastens specified screen in sifter, using handtools, and starts hammer mill, vibrating sifter, and tank agitator. Starts conveyor that transfers coarse, dried powder from sifter to hammer mill. Turns crank to move motor belt and alter speed of hammer mill to obtain specified consistency. Starts pneumatic vacuum blower to convey ground powder through sifter to storage tank. Fills bags or barrels with powder [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-226 MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends mills that grind stockfeed: Turns gate valves on feed chute to regulate flow of materials into mills. Starts mills and turns handwheel to adjust distance between rollers to attain desired fineness of grind. Feels sample of product to verify fineness of grind.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-230 MONITOR-AND-STORAGE-BIN TENDER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: storage-bin adjuster

Tends machine that blows chaff and foreign material from rice and regulates flow of rice to designated storage bins: Starts machine and turns control valve to regulate flow of rice from storage bin to feeder box. Opens valve to release compressed air into machine to blow chaff and foreign material from rice as it passes over sieves. Pulls out slide on top of storage bin to allow rice to flow into bin. Scrapes sieves in machine with stick to remove dirt, straw, and other foreign material. Lubricates equipment and tightens belts, nuts, and bolts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-234 NUT GRINDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that grinds nut meats into meal: Turns thumbscrew or handwheels to adjust distance between grinding rollers. Fills machine hopper with almond meats, and starts machine. Places container at discharge end of machine to catch emerging nut meal. Inspects sample of ground nut meal for fineness of grind, and adjusts rollers when necessary to ensure that nut meats are ground to specifications. May start vacuum hose to remove foreign matter from nut meats. May be designated according to type of nut ground as Almond Grinder (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-238 NUT-SORTER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: electric-sorting-machine operator

Tends machine that separates whole nut meats from those that are chipped, broken, or wormy: Turns dials to specified settings to separate nut meats. Connects calibrator to dials to verify settings. Starts machine and observes rejected nut meats to ascertain whether machine is functioning efficiently. Examines dial settings of machine periodically, using calibrator, and adjusts dials when necessary.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-242 OILSEED-MEAT PRESSER (oils & grease) alternate titles: charger; cottonseed-meat presser; pan shaker; pan shoveler; pan shover

Tends hydraulic press that extracts oil from cloth-covered cakes of oilseed meat: Lifts cakes from cake-forming tray, using metal pan (blade), shoves cakes into compartments of press, and withdraws empty pan. Turns handwheel to raise hydraulic ram that presses cakes to extract oil from cake.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-246 PEANUT BLANCHER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: blanching-machine operator

Tends blanching machine that removes skins from shelled peanuts: Starts machine and pours peanuts into machine hopper. Inspects peanuts as they fall from machine onto moving belt and picks out foreign matter, unblanched peanuts, and peanuts that fail to meet production specifications. May sack blanched peanuts [PACKAGER, HAND (any industry)]. May tend sorting machine that electronically locates and removes unblanched peanuts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-250 POTATO-PEELING-MACHINE OPERATOR (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that washes and peels potatoes: Loads potatoes into hopper of machine by hand or by use of hoist. Starts machine and equipment that cuts oversized potatoes in half and conveys potatoes through washing and peeling units. Observes operation of machine to prevent jamming and ensure that potato skins are removed. In batch-type machine, adjusts timing device to control stay of potatoes in pot containing abrasive disk. In continuous-type machine, pushes lever to regulate flow of potatoes over abrasive rollers to control amount of skin removed. Inspects peeled potatoes, passing on conveyor belt, and discards rotten potatoes. Cuts up oversized potatoes and removes unsuitable parts, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-254 PROCESSOR, GRAIN (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: grain cleaner; smutter

Tends grain separating, washing, and scouring machines that remove foreign matter, such as dirt, smut, and rust, from grain preparatory to milling: Adjusts slides in bin spouts and starts elevators to route grain from storage bins to machines. Turns valves to regulate water temperature and water level in washer, to adjust air suction to remove dust from separators, and to regulate flow of air through drier. Turns wingnuts to adjust angle of separator screens, according to grain flow and amount of refuse. Hooks bag under end of screen to catch refuse. Starts machines to process grain and observes flow entering machines to prevent overloading. Examines processed grain to verify cleanliness. Pounds chutes with mallet to dislodge clogged grain. May tend separating equipment only and be designated Separator Tender (grain-feed mills) I.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-258 PULP-PRESS TENDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends presses and auxiliary equipment that extract water from beet pulp, and mix pulp with molasses to produce animal fodder: Starts conveyors, elevator, and presses. Places gates on conveyor belts to divert pulp into automatic presses. Opens valve on molasses tank to mix molasses and pulp. Adjusts presses, valves, and flow of pulp to obtain pulp and molasses mixture with specified moisture content. Takes samples of pulp before pressing, and of pulp and molasses mixture for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-262 PULPER TENDER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: extract operator

Tends machine that extracts juice, and separates seeds and pulp from fresh and precooked fruits, berries, and tomatoes: Places containers under discharge outlets of pulping machine to receive juice, seeds, and pulp. Starts equipment to pump or convey material through machines or dumps fruit, berries, or vegetables in machine hopper. Observes passage of juice flowing from discharge outlet to ensure that juice is free of pulp and seeds. Removes filled containers from discharge outlets. Replaces damaged or clogged filter screen, using handtools. May adjust paddles in machine, using wrench. May add measured amounts of salt to tomato juice. May heat berries in open kettle prior to processing in pulping machine. May clean and sterilize machine, using steam hose. May be designated according to product pulped as Tomato-Pulper Operator (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-266 PULVERIZER (meat products)

Tends grinding mill that grinds dried flake albumen into granules: Starts grinder mill and opens chute gate on machine hopper to direct flake albumen between grinder rolls. Fills hopper with flake albumen, using scoop. Examines granules and adjusts machine roller settings as required, using handtools, to ensure albumen is ground to specified size.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-270 RIDDLER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: tobacco cleaner; tobacco-sieve operator

Tends screening device (riddle) to separate coarse pieces of tobacco from cut tobacco: Starts riddle and observes conveyor feeding tobacco into riddle from cutting machine. Scrapes off coarse tobacco left on flat screen and returns tobacco to cutting machine. Replaces filled boxes of sifted tobacco with empty boxes. May brush tobacco from clogged screens. May be designated according to type of tobacco processed as Granulated-Tobacco Screener (tobacco); Shorts Sifter (tobacco); Tobacco-Scrap Sifter (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-274 ROUGH-RICE TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends battery of machines that mill and brush cleaned rough rice: Starts machines, such as shelling stones, rice hullers, paddy separator, and rice brush. Turns feed controls to regulate flow of rice into series of machines that automatically hull rice, separate hulled from unhulled rice, brush dust from hulled rice, and blow off bran. Examines rice visually and tactually, and adjusts machines to ensure standard product. Inspects machines to ensure efficient milling. Lubricates machines and makes minor repairs.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-278 ROUTING-EQUIPMENT TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment that routes rice to milling machines: Opens feed pipes to route rice for each lot to designated milling machines. Turns wheels, bolts, and moves levers to adjust grading machines to obtain specified proportions of broken and whole grain rice in lot being milled. Performs maintenance on mill machinery.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-282 SCREEN-ROOM OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends machines that separate sugar crystals, according to grain size: Observes machine vibrating screens to ascertain that sugar is flowing. Cleans screens with brush and regulates vibrations of screens to maintain flow. Changes screens by disconnecting sleeves, removing wing nuts, and hoisting cover, using block and tackle. Takes sample of screened sugar for laboratory analysis. Tightens machine parts loosened by vibration, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-286 SEPARATOR OPERATOR, SHELLFISH MEATS (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that separates shell particles and sand from shellfish meats, by water and air agitation, preparatory to blanching and canning or freezing: Turns valves to admit water and air to separator vat as shelled meats are dumped into it from peeling machine or by another worker. Adjusts air volume and operating time according to bulk and cleanliness of meats in vat. Moves floating meats to conveyor by hand, or by using wooden paddle. Drains vat to remove shells and sand from bottom.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-290 SEPARATOR TENDER II (grain-feed mills)

Tends reels or shakers that separate and remove bran, gluten, or other insolubles from starch suspension: Starts reels or shakers. Turns valves to admit and regulate flow of liquid suspension to separators. Starts conveyor that carries off insolubles separated from suspension. Tests specific gravity of liquid starch to ascertain if separation meets standards, using hydrometer. Cleans shakers or reels with caustic solution and water hose. Replaces worn or broken bearings, springs, and other parts, using handtools. May tend driers to dehydrate brans.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-294 SHELLER II (can. & preserv.)

Tends nut-cracking machine that cracks shells of nuts and separates broken shells from nut meat: Starts machine and turns handwheels to adjust cylinders or rollers and control flow of nuts into machine. Observes cracked nuts emerging from machine to ascertain that they are cracked and separated from shells.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-298 SLICE-PLUG-CUTTER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: cheese cutter; slice-cutting-machine operator; tobacco cutter

Tends slicing machine that cuts plugs (cheeses) of tobacco into slice-plug smoking tobacco: Arranges plugs in even piles on cutting board. Starts machine and tightens setscrew to feed plugs under reciprocating knife. Holds cut slices together in form of plugs from which slices are cut, using stick. Slides sliced tobacco onto tray. Replaces dull knife blade, using wrench.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-302 SLICING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products)

Tends machine that slices bread, cakes, and other bakery products: Positions and tightens cutting blades and adjusts guides to accommodate size of product to be sliced, using wrench. Starts machine. Places product on conveyor and monitors slicing action of machine. Removes sliced products from machine conveyor and places them on conveyor leading to wrappers. May tend machines that wrap and pack bakery products [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) 920.685-078]. May be designated according to machine tended as Band-Saw Operator, Cake Cutting (bakery products); or according to product sliced as Bread Slicer, Machine (bakery products); Cake Cutter, Machine (bakery products); Wafer Cutter (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

521.685-306 SLICING-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products; meat products)

Tends one or more machines that automatically slice food products, such as cheese or meat for packaging: Threads roll of interleaf paper into machine. Turns screws to adjust guides on machine for size of food slab, using wrench. Places slab of food on feeder bed. Presses levers to clamp chunk to bed and start feeder. Turns dials to set number and thickness of slices in each stack. Presses switch to start rotating slicer with synchronized devices that cut, count, interleaf, and stack slices of food. Weighs stack and turns dial to regulate thickness of slices to achieve prescribed weight. Removes and replaces imperfect slice with one from spare pile. Places sliced stack on packaging conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-310 SMOKING-TOBACCO-CUTTER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: tobacco cutter

Tends machine that cuts cakes of pressed tobacco (cheeses), into granular form for smoking tobacco: Places cake of tobacco on bed of machine and pushes cake between corrugated feed rollers. Catches cut tobacco on tray and feeds ends of slices between rollers, keeping slices in line. Changes dull knife blades, using wrench. Cleans machine, using steam hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-314 SNUFF GRINDER AND SCREENER (tobacco)

Tends machines that pulverize chopped tobacco into snuff and sift snuff through screens to remove oversized particles: Presses button to start hammer mill and observes operation of machine to ensure that tobacco is being pulverized into snuff, according to company specifications. Pushes lever to start screener vibrating to sift pulverized snuff. Picks up and rubs handful of snuff between hands to verify that oversized particles have been removed. Adjusts hammer mill or changes filter on screener as needed, using handtools. Observes flow of snuff through screw-type conveyor to ensure that sufficient amount of snuff is fed to packing machine from screener.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

521.685-318 SORTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: grading-machine feeder; sizing-machine operator; sorting-machine attendant

Tends automatic-sorting machine that separates fruits, vegetables, shrimp, or pickles, according to sizes: Places baskets, tubs, or crates beneath discharge outlets of machine. Starts machine and dumps boxes of fruit or vegetables in feed chute or opens supply chute to feed material into machine. Removes full containers from discharge outlets and replaces them with empty ones. Cleans, oils, and greases machine, using oilcan or grease gun. May post identifying information on containers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-322 SPICE CLEANER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that removes foreign matter, such as rocks, mold, and insects, from spices: Dumps spices into machine hopper. Attaches empty bag to discharge end of machine and starts machine. Inspects cleaned spices to verify that foreign matter is removed. May sew ends of filled bags, using power-sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-326 SPICE MILLER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: spice grinder; spice-grinding-mill operator

Tends machines that grind spices, such as cinnamon and chili pepper: Opens storage hopper gate to fill hammer or rolling-type grinding mill with spice. Moves lever to control spice feed and places containers under sifting screen or discharge spout. Examines crushed spices to verify consistency of grind. Cleans or replaces rollers, sifters, and other machine parts. May be designated according to spice ground as Chili-Pepper Grinder (food prep., nec); Cinnamon Grinder (food prep., nec); or according to type of grinding machine tended as Spice Miller, Hammer Mill (food prep., nec); Spice Miller, Rolling Mill (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-330 STEM-ROLLER-OR-CRUSHER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: crusher operator; roller operator

Tends machine that flattens tobacco stems or stems and veins of tobacco leaves: Starts conveyor that feeds tobacco to rollers of machine and forks tobacco onto conveyor. Regulates flow of steam and water to moisten tobacco and clean and cool rollers. May remove flattened leaves from machine and stack leaves in pile or fork flattened stems into hogsheads.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-334 STEMMER, MACHINE (tobacco) alternate titles: stripping-and-booking-machine operator; tobacco stemmer, machine; tobacco-stripping-machine operator; wrapper-stemmer operator

Tends machine that removes stems from leaves of tobacco and arranges stemmed leaves into books: Starts machine and feeds leaf between rollers. Removes stacks of stripped leaves and ties leaves together. Separates leaves according to books of right or left halves. Dumps stems from machine into cans. May be designated according to type of tobacco stemmed as Binder Stripper, Machine (tobacco); Wrapper Stripper (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-338 STRIP-CUTTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: shredding-machine operator; tobacco cutter

Tends machine that cuts tobacco into shreds for use in making cigarettes: Starts feeders, ordering drum, conveyors, and cutting machine. Observes operation of conveyors and cutting machine and pulls lever to regulate flow of tobacco on conveyor to prevent jamming. May tighten bolts that hold knives, or may change knives, using wrench and screwdriver, and maintain record of knives used.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-342 STRIPPER-CUTTER, MACHINE (food prep., nec) alternate titles: sawyer

Tends machines equipped with guillotine knives or bandsaw, stick pusher, and deheader, that automatically strip, dehead, and cut macaroni long goods to specified length: Starts elevator to position rack of dried macaroni beside machine. Pulls machine arm that lifts drying stick (rod) of macaroni from rack onto chain conveyor that feeds it onto machine bed. Starts deheading hammer, stick pusher, and knives, and feeds macaroni onto packaging conveyor. Starts machine that automatically strips and dehooks macaroni, and passes it through preset bandsaw to cut product into specified lengths for packaging. Removes cut macaroni from trough and places in box on packaging conveyor line.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-346 SUGAR GRINDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that grinds granulated sugar into powdered sugar: Turns handwheel to set spacing between grinding rollers or stones, or installs gratings in drum of grinding machine to obtain specified degree of fineness. Starts machine and empties bags of granulated sugar into hopper. Observes grinding and discharging process to verify pulverization of sugar to specified fineness and discharge of sugar through air-leg into bags. Removes filled bags from air-leg onto pallet and replaces them with empty bags.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-350 SUGAR PRESSER (grain-feed mills)

Tends press that removes corn-sugar hydrol from crystallized cakes of sugar. Places cakes in press and turns handwheels to compress cakes and squeeze out hydrol. Releases pressure and removes slabs.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-354 SUGAR-CHIPPER-MACHINE OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: sugar grinder

Tends machine that chips cakes of sugar into pieces: Lifts cakes of sugar onto table of machine having rotating wheel equipped with knives. Starts machine and pushes sugar cakes against wheel that chips cakes into pieces.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-358 SWEET-POTATO DISINTEGRATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that grinds sweet potatoes into semifluid state to facilitate cooking process: Starts machine and turns handwheel to admit water into discharge chute of conveyor and into machine to lubricate potatoes during grinding process. Starts conveyor that moves potatoes from hopper into chute feeding grinding machine. Observes level of semifluid potatoes fed into receptacle and stops grinding process when receptacle is full. Clears potato jam-ups on conveyor, using rod.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-362 THRESHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: stem-cleaning-machine feeder; stem-threshing-machine operator

Tends threshing machine that strips leaf particles from tobacco stems: Starts motor that rotates spike-studded drums or vibrates screen. Forks dried stems onto feed conveyor or opens chute gate to drop tobacco onto feed conveyor. Removes filled catching bag, empties bag into bin or sack, and replaces bag on machine. Removes matted stems from spikes of drum.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-366 TIPPLE TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends tipple to dump casings loaded with dried corn starch onto conveyor: Lowers casing into tipple, using hoist. Turns handwheel to dump starch into hopper above moving conveyor, and opens hopper gate to deposit starch uniformly on conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-370 WINERY WORKER (beverage)

Performs any combination of following tasks involved in winemaking: Lifts bulk grapes or dried pomace onto conveyor leading to crusher, disintegrator, or de-alcoholizer still, using pitchfork. Connects portable pumps between tanks and turns valves to pump wine and alcohol from fermenting and fortifying tanks to tanks that cool wine to prevent further fermentation. Pumps chilled wine into clarifying tanks and adds prescribed chemicals to wine. Starts agitator that mixes solution to induce sedimentation of wine particles. Pumps clarified wines through filtering tanks into tank to obtain blended wine. Pumps wine through pasteurizer to prevent wine spoilage. Pumps pasteurized wine through filtering device to collect sediment and precipitates and into tanks in bottling room. Tends press that separates juice from pomace and starts conveyor that transports pomace to disintegrating machine. Starts disintegrating machine and de-alcoholizer steam still that salvages alcohol from pomace, and starts conveyor that transports residue to storage. Cleans and sterilizes fermenting and fortifying tanks and railroad tank cars, using airhose and soda ash.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.685-374 WINTERIZER (oils & grease) alternate titles: oil winterizer

Tends equipment that strains stearin from vegetable oils, such as soybean, corn, and cottonseed to produce salad oil: Turns valves to admit oil to chilling tank and to circulate refrigerant through tank coils for specified time to solidify stearin. Opens filter valves and adjusts air pressure to force oil through filters and trap suspended stearin.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.685-378 DEBONER, PET FOOD (can. & preserv.)

Tends deboning-grinder machine that separates flesh from bones to make boneless ground pet food: Positions and secures hopper, screw, and disk assemblies in deboning-grinder machine housings, using wrench, and depresses buttons to activate machine and conveyor. Observes volume of meat parts moving on conveyor into hopper, and adds or removes parts, using shovel, and spreads parts in hopper, using stick, to ensure steady supply of parts to machine. Picks bones and similar matter from parts on conveyor to assist in separating process. Observes processing and adjusts disk assembly when required to maintain specified consistency and volume of ground parts, using ratchet lever. Shovels separated bones and foreign matter into disposal drum. Cleans machine and work area, using hose, brush, and shovel.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

521.685-382 FLAVORING OIL FILTERER (beverage)

Tends filtering equipment that removes wax from citrus oil used to make flavoring: Selects formula card according to work order specifications and pours oil and other ingredients into mixing tank. Inserts clean filter pad into filter pump and attaches hoses from mixing tank to filter in prescribed order. Depresses button to activate pump that moves mixture from mixing tank through filtering mechanism to filter and clarify oil. Opens valve of holding tank to collect sample of filtered oil and refilters oil when sample does not meet clarity and color standards. At end of processing, opens valve of holding tank to draw filtered oil into containers. Maintains records of kinds and quantities of materials used and amount of oil processed.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

521.685-386 SCALING MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that removes scales from fish: Turns valve to start spray of water over spiked rollers of scaling machine. Pushes buttons to start and stop conveyor that feeds fish from holding tank into tray at feeding end of machine and to start scaling machine. Feeds fish onto conveyor that moves fish through spiked rollers that remove scales from sides of fish and that dumps fish into containers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

521.686-010 BOLTER HELPER (grain-feed mills)

Assists BOLTER (grain-feed mills) in tending flour sifting and purifying machines: Opens slides in chutes and starts elevators to route flour between sifters, purifiers, and grinding machines. Observes flour to ensure flow through specified chutes and machines. Pounds on chutes with mallet to keep flour flowing. Brushes cloth sieves in sifters and purifiers to prevent clogging. May adjust flow of water onto belt to temper grain for milling. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-014 CAKE PULLER (oils & grease) alternate titles: knocker

Removes cottonseed cakes from hydraulic presses after extraction of oil: Pulls lever or turns handwheel to release pressure on ram. Knocks cake loose and moves it to edge of press, using metal rod. Places cakes on table for removal of press cloth.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-018 CHICLE-GRINDER FEEDER (sugar & conf.)

Feeds chicle and gum bases into grinding machine, preparatory to making chewing gum: Loads blocks of chicle or other gum bases onto conveyor of grinding machine, using electric hoist or lift truck. Starts machine and places empty containers under discharge spout to catch ground ingredients. Shovels ground material into barrels on platform scale until specified weight is obtained. May dump salvage gum into grinding machine and be designated Salvage Grinder (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-022 COTTON PULLER (oils & grease)

Removes rolls of linters (cotton lint cleaned from cottonseed) from takeup rolls of linter machine. Places empty roll onto brackets of machine and threads end of material onto roll. Moves rolls of linters to baling room, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.686-026 CUSTOM-FEED-MILL-OPERATOR HELPER (grain-feed mills)

Assists CUSTOM-FEED-MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) in milling grain and feed to customer specifications. Sacks mill products, loads them on truck, and delivers products to customer. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-030 CUT-IN WORKER (grain-feed mills)

Opens sacks of rough (uncleaned) rice, using knife, and empties rice into hopper, preparatory to cleaning and storing of rice in bins. Piles empty sacks on handtruck and removes sacks to warehouse.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.686-034 FISH-MACHINE FEEDER (can. & preserv.)

Feeds cleaned fish into machines that bone, skin, or cut and pack fish sections into can: Inspects fish to ensure that color, odor, and texture meet standards. Places fish on feed conveyor of machine. May start machines and pull levers to regulate feed conveyor speed. May be designated according to machine fed as Filling-Machine Feeder (can. & preserv.); Fish-Boning-Machine Feeder (can. & preserv.); Fish-Cutting-Machine Operator (can. & preserv.); Fish-Skinning-Machine Feeder (can. & preserv.); or according to activity performed as Fish Flipper (can. & preserv.); Fish Straightener (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-038 FLUMER (grain-feed mills)

Feeds potatoes into flume (trough) that carries them to washing machine: Removes board covering flume to allow potatoes to fall from stockpile. Scoops potatoes from edges of pile, using wheelbarrow, and dumps them into flume. Adjusts headgates to regulate flow of potatoes into flume.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.686-042 FLUMER II (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: beet flumer

Fills flumes (troughs) with sugar beets, performing any combination of following duties: Trips lever on gondola loaded with beets, or removes sideboards on storage bin allowing beets to spill into flume. Prods beets with bar to maintain continuous flow of beets. Washes gondola or storage bin, using water hose. Dumps truckloads of beets into hopper and feeds beets onto conveyor leading to flume or storage bins. Removes leaves, stems, and trash from flume, using shovel or pitchfork. Loads rocks extracted from flume onto dump truck.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.686-046 NUT CHOPPER (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec; sugar & conf.)

Feeds machine that chops nuts: Places container under discharge outlet of chopping machine, scoops nuts into hopper of machine and starts machine. Empties container of chopped nuts as they emerge from machine into trays, sacks, or containers for further processing. May place trays of nuts in steam cabinet for softening, and slice nuts, using slicing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-050 PROCESSOR HELPER (grain-feed mills)

Assists PROCESSOR, GRAIN (grain-feed mills) in tending machines and equipment that clean, scour, and separate grain. Regulates flow of grain to machines. Relieves stoppages. Adjusts machines. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.686-054 SLICE-PLUG-CUTTER-OPERATOR HELPER (tobacco) alternate titles: slice-cutting-machine-operator helper

Assists SLICE-PLUG-CUTTER OPERATOR (tobacco) to cut plugs of tobacco (cheeses), into slice-plug smoking tobacco. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-010 ALMOND BLANCHER, HAND (can. & preserv.)

Observes blanched (skinned) almonds on conveyor belt emerging from blanching machine and removes almonds with skins missed by machine. Rubs or squeezes almonds between fingers to remove skins. May rub or squeeze skins from almonds that have been immersed in hot water and dumped into trays.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-014 BINDER CUTTER, HAND (tobacco) alternate titles: filler-leaf cutter, long

Cuts leaf tobacco used to bind bunches to specified size. Places tobacco leaf on cutting table against guides and lowers knife blade to cut leaf. Moves guides to obtain cut of specific size.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-018 BINDER SELECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: binder sorter

Inspects leaves of tobacco before and after stripping to determine whether leaves are suitable for use as binders: Inspects each leaf for holes and tears. Places leaves to be used as binders in bundle for stripping and discards defective leaves. Removes defective leaves from books and places books of perfect leaves in container. May sprinkle water on books that appear dry.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-022 BONE PICKER (can. & preserv.)

Examines shellfish meats under ultraviolet light and removes pieces of shell, preparatory to canning: Places tray of shelled meats on table, or observes meats passing on conveyor under ultraviolet generators that cause shell particles to glow. Turns and stirs meats by hand to view all sides and picks out and discards bits of shell, viscera, and foreign matter.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-026 BUNCH TRIMMER, MOLD (tobacco)

Draws knife along ends of cigar molds to cut off excess tobacco protruding from molds. Loads trimmed molds onto truck for removal to rolling department.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-030 CHAR PULLER (grain-feed mills; sugar & conf.)

Removes contaminated char (activated carbon) from corn syrup filters for reclaiming: Positions receiving platform at discharge gate of filter to unload used char. Removes nuts to open discharge gate, using wrench. Loosens and pulls char onto receiving platform and into chute to conveyor. Sweeps filters to remove remaining char. Arranges and smooths blankets that cover bottom plates of filter. Replaces gate and tightens nuts evenly to prevent warp and leakage. Cleans char from platform and floor.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-034 CHAR-FILTER-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.)

Prepares char filter tanks for sugar-liquor filtration: Attaches hoses between filters and manifold, using wrenches. Removes filter covers, using block and tackle. Positions char chutes and starts conveyors to fill empty filters. Attaches hose from manifold to weir box for mixing liquor with char while filling. Covers filters after filling. Opens air vents to purge air from filled filters. Cleans hoses and drip pans.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.687-038 DRIP-BOX TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Positions spout of portable tank containing starch solution over series of boxes lined with cloth and opens valve to fill each box. Inverts boxes after water has drained through cloth to remove solid starch cakes, or scoops out starch with shovel, and places product on handtruck for transfer to kiln. May move levers controlling flow of starch into steel casings and hang casings on hooks of overhead conveyor leading to kiln and be designated Starch Presser (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-042 EGG BREAKER (any industry)

Separates yolk and glair (white) of eggs for use in food products: Strikes eggs against bar, allows contents to fall into bowl, and throws empty shells into receptacle. Smells broken eggs to detect spoiled ones and dumps them into waste container. Pours broken eggs from bowl over egg-separating device. Pulls lever to retain yolk and to allow white to fall into cup below. May be designated according to specialization as Egg Smeller (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-046 FILLER SPREADER (tobacco)

Separates individual leaves from pads of tobacco leaves pressed together in shipping. Arranges leaves in rows on screen racks. Assists other workers in carrying and lifting screen racks to storage racks.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-050 FILTER CHANGER (beverage)

Replaces soiled filter cakes in beer filter, using handtools. Disassembles filter press and separates plates (frames) to remove old filter pads. Positions clean cakes between plates and reassembles filter.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-054 FILTER-SCREEN CLEANER (beverage)

Cleans filter screens used in diatomaceous-silica filtering machine: Disassembles screens from frame by hand or using wrenches. Flushes residue from screens with water hose or immerses and boils screens in tanks of boiling water. Cleans and reassembles screens and frames, using brushes and handtools. Cleans working area and equipment, using mops and brooms.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-058 FISH CHOPPER, GANG KNIFE (can. & preserv.)

Positions fish on cutting table and pulls $T3gang knife$T1 handle to cut fish into several lengths for packing into cans. May load and distribute trays of cut fish to packers.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-062 FISH-LIVER SORTER (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.)

Sorts fish livers, according to species of fish and size, shape, color, and texture of liver: Cuts liver from viscera, using knife, and places liver in specified tub. Discards diseased, spoiled, and poor quality livers. May clean and fillet fish [FISH CLEANER (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-066 FRUIT CUTTER (sugar & conf.)

Cuts dried, fresh, candied, or crystallized fruit into cubes or pieces for candy fillings and for garnishing iced candies, using knife. When opening, pitting, and chopping dates, is designated Date Puller (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-070 HONEYCOMB DECAPPER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: comb capper

Cuts caps from commercial honeycombs with hand or motor-driven knife, preparatory to extracting honey: Breaks propolis (beeglue) seals with scraper, and lifts frame of honeycomb from super. Moves honeycomb frame into oscillating knife, or cuts caps from frame, using hand knife. Trims superfluous wax from wooden parts with knife and places frame in stand. May place frames of honeycomb in extractor [HONEY EXTRACTOR (food prep., nec)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.687-074 LABORER, SYRUP MACHINE (grain-feed mills)

Collects rejected cans of corn syrup and pours contents into strainer that removes impurities. Cleans work area and reservoir of filling machines, using water, brushes, and mop. Carries cans and supplies to machines.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-078 LIQUOR-BRIDGE-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.)

Routes flow of wash water from char filter as directed by LIQUOR-BRIDGE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.): Prepares filter-record board, showing filters to be filled with liquor. Ties clean pockets on filter discharge nipple to prevent splashing in weir boxes. Changes weir boxes to divert flow of sweetwater (wash water from filter containing sugar) or waste water to specified tanks or bays, noting changes on filter record board. Tests water for density to ascertain sugar content, using hydrometer. Bottles samples of liquor and sweetwater for laboratory analysis. Washes weir boxes and keeps work station in sanitary condition.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.687-082 MILLER HELPER, DISTILLERY (beverage) alternate titles: grain-miller helper

Assists MILLER, DISTILLERY (beverage) to clean and grind grain into meal for use in distillation of distilled liquors: Adjusts grain and meal discharge chutes on storage tanks. Removes covers from storage tanks to admit grain and meal. Changes vibrating screens on cleaning machines, using handtools. Places empty grain sacks over discharge ends of cleaning machines to collect dust and refuse. Assists MILLER, DISTILLERY (beverage) to make minor repairs to pumps, air-conveyor chutes, and machines. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.687-086 NUT SORTER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: hull sorter; nut picker; nut sifter; picking-belt operator

Removes defective nuts and foreign matter from bulk nut meats: Observes nut meats on conveyor belt, and picks out broken, shriveled, or wormy nuts and foreign matter, such as leaves and rocks. Places defective nuts and foreign matter into containers. May be designated according to kind of nut meat sorted as Almond Sorter (can. & preserv.); Peanut Sorter (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-090 NUT STEAMER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: steamer operator

Immerses nuts in hot water to soften shells to facilitate shelling process: Turns valve to fill vat or kettle with water. Starts heaters and sets temperature gauge to maintain required temperature. Places nuts, such as almonds, pecans, or walnuts, into wire basket, and lowers basket into vat of hot water, using hoist. Removes basket from vat after specified time.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-094 PEELED-POTATO INSPECTOR (food prep., nec) alternate titles: potato spotter

Inspects peeled potatoes, passing on conveyor belt. Picks out rotten potatoes. Cuts out unsuitable parts and halves over-sized potatoes, using knife.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-098 PICKER (tobacco) alternate titles: lamina searcher; scrap picker; searcher

Removes stems, offcolor tobacco, and foreign material, such as strings, dirt, and paper from tobacco as it moves along conveyor to ensure clean and uniform product. May drop pickings into bags attached to conveyor frame, according to whether pickings are dark tobacco, green tobacco, tobacco with stems, or foreign material. May be designated according to type of tobacco processed as Filler Picker (tobacco); Scrap Sorter (tobacco).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-102 PICKING-TABLE WORKER (sugar & conf.)

Picks stems, stones, metal, or wood not eliminated by trash-picking machine from conveyor to prevent damage to beet knives. May trim tops from beets to prevent clogging of knives in slicers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-106 SAUSAGE-MEAT TRIMMER (meat products) alternate titles: beef trimmer; lard trimmer; piece-meat trimmer; piece trimmer; retrimmer

Prepares meat for use in making ground and smoked meat products, such as sausage and bologna: Obtains specified meat from stock and carries to cutting table. Cuts and trims meat from bone and dices meat, using knife, cleaver, and bandsaw. Weighs meat on platform scale and places in tubs. Tags each tub for weight and contents. May grind meat.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-110 SHAKER (tobacco) alternate titles: bundle shaker; filler opener; filler shaker; hand shaker; tobacco shaker

Shakes hands of cured tobacco to separate, straighten, and expose leaves to air and remove dirt. Places loosened tobacco on table or conveyor for further processing. May be designated according to type of leaf processed as Frog Shaker (tobacco); Wrapper Opener (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-114 SHAKER WASHER (grain-feed mills)

Flushes shaker tables and reel panels, using hose, to remove material that clogs mesh and prevents effective separation of starch from bran and gluten. Sponges and rinses back of fabric with detergent solution and water. Removes and installs repaired frames, using wrench and screwdriver, under direction of SHAKER REPAIRER (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-118 SHELLER I (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: huller operator

Cracks nuts, such as pecans, brazil nuts, and walnuts, using vise. Picks out nut meats and drops meat in container.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-122 SHELLFISH SHUCKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: shucker

Shucks fresh or steamed shellfish, such as oysters, clams, or scallops (bivalves), preparatory to canning, freezing, or fresh packing: Holds shellfish firmly or against block and forces shucking knife between halves of shell at hinge juncture. Twists knife to sever muscles holding shell closed and pries open. Cuts shellfish from shell, flips it into container, and discards shell. May break off edges of shells before shucking, using hatchet. May be designated according to shellfish shucked as Clam Shucker (can. & preserv.); Oyster Shucker (can. & preserv.); Scallop Shucker (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

521.687-126 SKIN LIFTER, BACON (meat products)

Cuts slit in flank end of bacon slab between meat and skin, using knife, so that slab may be inserted into derinding machine.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

521.687-130 SKULL GRINDER (meat products) alternate titles: head-bone grinder; turbinated-bone grinder

Picks up split and brained hog head and holds nasal passages against revolving emery wheel to clean out dirt. Removes dirt from ear passages. Throws hog head in container.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-134 STEMMER, HAND (tobacco) alternate titles: filler stemmer, hand; leaf stemmer, hand; sprigger; tobacco stripper, hand; wrapper stemmer, hand

Removes stems from tobacco leaves to prepare tobacco for use as filler, binder, or wrapper for cigars, plug, or twist chewing tobacco: Strips leaf from stem, starting at tip end of leaf. Spreads and stacks wrapper leaves in piles, keeping leaves separated into left- and right-hand books. Places filler tobacco and stems in box or can. May be designated according to tobacco stripped as Binder Stripper, Hand (tobacco); Scrap Stripper, Hand (tobacco); Wrapper Stripper, Hand (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

521.687-138 TABLE HAND (tobacco)

Forks tobacco from bin onto cutting-machine supply table to supply SMOKING-TOBACCO-CUTTER OPERATOR (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522 CULTURING, MELTING, FERMENTING, DISTILLING, SATURATING, PICKLING, AGING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with growing bacteria or other microorganisms in materials; liquefying solid materials by means of heat; breaking down complex molecules in organic compounds by the introduction of a ferment such as yeast; heating a mixture to separate the more volatile from the less volatile parts and then cooling and condensing the resulting vapor to produce a nearly pure or refined substance; soaking thoroughly, filling, charging, or treating a substance with another so that no more can be taken up; preserving and flavoring materials or products by immersing, coating, or injecting them with preservatives; and subjecting materials or products to the effects of time.

522.130-010 SUPERVISOR, MELT HOUSE (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in washing, centrifuging, and melting bulk raw sugar: Reads production schedule and consults with SUPERVISOR, FILTRATION (sugar & conf.) to ascertain quantity of liquor required. Calculates melting rates of raw sugar, using standard formula. Moves controls to set timing cycles on centrifuges and start machinery, such as elevators, scrolls, and pumps. Inspects process stations to verify that equipment and machinery are operating as specified. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise workers engaged in reclaiming contaminated sugars and syrups and be designated Supervisor, Remelt (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

522.131-010 DISTILLING-DEPARTMENT SUPERVISOR (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in distilling liquors, such as gin, brandy, and whiskey: Verifies specified amount and proof of distilled liquor produced. Directs workers in preparing and storing ingredients, such as sour beer. Prepares flavoring ingredients used in distilling gin. Reviews distillation records to verify adherence to specified formula. Inspects operating condition of stills and auxiliary equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

522.132-010 SUPERVISOR, MALT HOUSE (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing malt from barley: Adjusts controls on steeping tanks, germinating tanks, and drying kilns, following readings on recording charts. Coordinates steeping, germinating, and drying operations and evaluates operations against quality control laboratory reports. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

522.134-010 SUPERVISOR, BRINEYARD (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving and brining food products, such as cucumbers, peppers, onions, and cauliflower, preparatory to further processing, utilizing knowledge of federal, state, and company standards: Studies weekly production schedule to ascertain quantity and type of products to be processed, and reviews status charts for individual tanks to determine availability of brined products for processing. Instructs workers to move or store products from or into tanks, according to production requirements. Maintains record of transactions for each tank on chart. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

522.264-010 TRAINING TECHNICIAN (can. & preserv.)

Trains and directs workers in methods of processing fish roe: Teaches FISH ROE PROCESSOR (can. & preserv.) 522.687-046 characteristics, such as color, maturity, and outer appearance of membrane, of egg skeins (membrane-enclosed ovaries, tissue, and fish roe) to enable worker to recognize skeins of different species, appearance of unacceptable skeins, and commercial grades of skeins. Demonstrates packing procedures, such as method of lining boxes, placement patterns of processed skeins in boxes, and amount of salt to apply to each layer. Directs workers to change brine solution used to preserve skeins and sets timer that controls processing times of skeins in brining vats. Retrains workers as necessary. Sorts, salts, grades, and packs skeins of fish roe [FISH ROE TECHNICIAN (can. & preserv.) 522.384-010]. Tests processed egg skeins for nitrate content, using prepared chemical kit, comparison charts, and following kit instructions. May direct activities of other workers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

522.362-010 YEAST DISTILLER (beverage) alternate titles: yeast maker

Controls equipment to prepare mixture of mash and yeast for use in manufacture of distilled liquors: Weighs specified quantities of rye and malt meal, depending upon amount of yeast required, and dumps them into yeast tub (cooker) filled with specified amount of water. Opens valves to admit steam that circulates through coil pipes in tub and cooks mixture. Starts revolving blades in tub to agitate mixture as it cooks. Observes temperature gauges and increases or decreases steam pressure to maintain constant temperature as mash cooks. Pours yeast culture into cooked mash and mixes mash with revolving blades. Stops revolving blades when mash and yeast are thoroughly mixed. Tests mash to determine temperature and specific gravity (proof), using thermometer and hydrometer, and records results. Observes gauges and increases or decreases steam to ensure that mash ferments at constant temperature. Notifies FERMENTATION OPERATOR (beverage) when mash is ready to be pumped into fermentation tank. Removes sample of mash for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.382-010 COTTAGE-CHEESE MAKER (dairy products)

Controls equipment to make cottage cheese from milk: Washes cheese vat and tools with sterilizing solution and rinse water. Turns valves and observes meters to convey specified amounts of milk and culture into vat. May add rennet to coagulate milk, and dye to tint curd. Turns steam and water valves and observes thermometer and clock to heat milk for specified time and at specified temperature to incubate culture. Starts agitator in vat and stirs ingredients, using paddle. Tests sample of whey for acidity and cuts curd with knife to allow seepage of whey. Observes thermometer and adjusts steam and water valves to cook curd at slowly increasing temperature. Feels and breaks sample of curd to determine when it is sufficiently cooked. Turns cold water and drain valves or sprays curd with chlorinated water to wash curd and remove whey. When making baker's cheese, drains uncooked whole curd from vat into porous bags to remove whey and dumps curd into blending machine to distribute residual moisture. When making creamed cottage cheese, adds cream and stirs with paddle or starts agitator. Records processing steps. May taste cheese for salt and acid content. May pasteurize milk. May make culture.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.382-014 FERMENTATION OPERATOR (beverage)

Controls fermentation process of sweet or sour mash inoculated with yeast to produce fermented mash for use in distillation of distilled liquors: Pumps specified number of gallons of cooked mash and yeast into fermentation tank, simultaneously, to ensure that mash and yeast are thoroughly mixed together. Opens valves to admit specified number of gallons of water into mixture, according to formula. Opens valves to circulate steam through coil pipes in tank to heat mixture to prescribed temperature. Turns valves to admit and control air pressure that agitates mixture as it ferments or to accelerate chemical reaction of yeast. Observes gauges or dials to ascertain that prescribed temperature and gas pressure are remaining constant in tank. Tests mash at prescribed intervals to determine temperature and specific gravity (proof), using thermometer and alcohol-proof hydrometer. Compares test results with standard charts to determine when mixture is fully cooked. Regulates steam, air, and gas pressure in tank to ensure that chemical reaction of yeast and fermentation process is taking place, according to formula. Pumps sour mash into cistern tank, preparatory to distilling. Cleans tanks by rinsing them with water.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

522.382-018 LIQUOR BLENDER (beverage) alternate titles: filter operator

Controls equipment to regauge, filter, rectify, blend, and verify proof of whiskeys and other distilled liquors, preparatory to bottling: Pumps specified number of gallons of whiskey and deionized water into regauging tanks (reducing tanks) and agitates mixture with compressed air to reduce proof of barreled whiskey. Measures temperature, using thermometer, and specific gravity, using alcohol-proof hydrometer, and compares readings with tables from standard gauging manuals to determine proof of mixture. Pumps regauged whiskey into cooling tank and opens valves to circulate cold water through coil pipes in tank to reduce whiskey to specified temperature before filtering. Starts filter press to remove impurities from distilled liquor, and adjusts valves to control vacuum pressure in press and to regulate flow of liquor through press. Observes dials and gauges to ascertain that temperature and pressure remain constant during filtering process. Pumps different proofs of whiskeys into agitating tank, adds specified amount of deionized water, and agitates mixture to blend whiskeys. Mixes flavorings and other ingredients, according to formula, into mixing tank with specified number of gallons of spirits, such as gin or vodka, and adjusts valves to control temperature and compressed air to produce brandies, cordials, and fortified beverages. May specialize in one phase of processing and be designated according to duties performed as Rectifying Attendant (beverage); Whiskey Filterer (beverage); Whiskey-Proof Reader (beverage); Whiskey-Regauger (beverage).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

522.382-022 MASH-TUB-COOKER OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: cooker

Controls equipment to cook grain meal to prepare mash for fermentation process prior to distillation into alcohol, gin, or whiskey: Fills cooker with water and opens valves to admit steam that circulates through pipes in vat and heats water to specified temperature. Pumps ground meal from meal tank into hopper, balanced on scale, to weigh specified amount and turns handwheels to regulate flow of meal into cooker. Starts revolving blades in cooker to agitate mixture as it cooks. Observes temperature gauges to ascertain temperature of mixture in cooker and turns valves to increase or decrease temperature. Cooks mash for specified time and pumps cooked mash into cooling tub. Pumps cooled mash into fermenting tank. Opens valves to admit compressed air, through perforated pipes at bottom of fermenting tank, to keep meal in suspension as it flows from cooling tub into fermenting tank.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

522.382-026 STILL OPERATOR II (beverage) alternate titles: beer-still runner compounder; still runner

Controls still from central control board, to distill brandy, gin, vodka, or whiskey: Adjusts valves to control temperature and rate of flow of distilling materials through still and auxiliary equipment, such as stripping column, rectifier, condenser, and $T3tribox.$T1 Observes gauges, dials, and charts to ensure that temperature and rate of flow of distillants are maintained according to formula, so that specified proof of distilled liquor is obtained. Ascertains temperature and specific gravity of liquor, using thermometer and hydrometer, and compares readings with standard gauging manual to determine proof of distilled liquor. Draws sample of distilled liquor for laboratory analysis. Pumps distilled liquor from tribox into cistern tank to be $T3regauged.$T1 May be designated according to type of liquor distilled as Still Operator, Brandy (beverage); Still Operator, Gin (beverage); Still Operator, Whiskey (beverage).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

522.382-030 STILL OPERATOR I (beverage)

Controls still that produces high-proof alcohol from fermented wine: Records temperature, pressure, flow gauge and meter readings. Sets and adjusts controls to regulate and maintain specified temperature and pressure of unit. Turns valves to regulate flow of alcohol through unit and into storage tanks. Records amount of time consumed during distilling process. Collects alcohol samples for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

522.382-034 SUGAR BOILER (sugar & conf.)

Controls vacuum pan sugar boilers to concentrate sugar liquor and grow sugar crystals to specified size: Starts vacuum pump, and opens valves to admit specified amounts of liquor and steam into vacuum pan, and water into condenser unit. Observes boiling of liquor through sight glasses. Adjusts valves to maintain specified temperatures and pressures and obtain supersaturated solution without carmelizing sugar. Opens valve to shock solution with panseed (powdered sugar) and start formation of sugar crystals. Obtains samples of solution, using proofstick, and observes grain size under microscope to determine when crystals have grown to specified size. Opens pan-feed valve to control growth of crystals. Samples solution to ensure that sugar crystals remain at specified sizes as pan fills. Closes pan-feed valve when pan is filled and continues boiling until solution reaches specified concentration of sugar-crystals and massecuite. Turns valves to stop boiling and to break vacuum seal on pan. Turns valve to dump sugar into mixing tank or crystallizer. Washes and steams pan after dumping strike to remove sugar remaining on coils or calandria. Records strike on station log. May be designated according to type of liquor boiled as Soft-Sugar Boiler (sugar & conf.); White-Sugar Boiler (sugar & conf.); or according to stage in process as High-Raw-Sugar Boiler (sugar & conf.); Remelt-Sugar Boiler (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

522.382-038 VINEGAR MAKER (food prep., nec)

Controls equipment to produce vinegar: Starts pumps and opens valves to charge generators and concentrators with specified volume of vinegar starter, water, alcohol, and coolant. Monitors air and temperature gauges and flowmeters and adjusts thermostats, valves, and dials to maintain prescribed generating and concentrating conditions for strength of vinegar being processed. Turns valves to regulate rate and volume of solution through filter tank and to transfer solution to storage or shipping tank. Tests vinegar samples for grain content (strength), using pH meter and hydrometer. Records test results and air temperature readings on process control cards.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.384-010 FISH ROE TECHNICIAN (can. & preserv.)

Sorts, grades, and packs egg skeins containing fish roe: Examines egg skeins (membrane-enclosed ovaries, tissue, and fish roe) for unacceptable conditions, such as immaturity, bruises, or blood saturation. Discards unacceptable skeins and places acceptable skeins in containers for weighing and to await further processing. Dissolves specified salts in water, following brining formula; tests specific gravity of solution, using hydrometer; and pours brining solution into agitation vat. Flips switches to start vat agitators, pours preweighed amount of egg skeins into vat, and turns knob on timer to set brining cycle. Feels skeins for firmness and texture to determine effect of brine on skeins. Removes processed skeins from vat, using wooden-handled seine, and places skeins in container to drain. Tests brine in vat, using hydrometer, and adds specified salts when required to maintain salinity of brining solution at specified level. Examines, grades, and separates processed egg skeins, according to factors such as color, length, and width, utilizing product experience. Selects boxes marked for prescribed grade of egg skeins, places plastic sheets across bottom of boxes as liner, and sprinkles salt over liners prior to packing skeins. Positions layers of skeins in boxes to ensure preservation and seasoning in boxes. Weighs boxes on scales after packing, and adds or removes skeins to obtain specified weight. Folds plastic liner over filled boxes, positions lids on boxes, and stacks packed boxes for storage during aging process.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

522.465-010 STEEP TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends steep tanks to soften corn and other grains preparatory to grinding: Opens hatch and chute gate leading to steep tank, and signals GRAIN RECEIVER (grain-feed mills) to load tank with grain. Turns valves and starts pumps to fill tank with steep-water to specified level. Observes thermometers and opens steam valves to heat tank to specified temperature. Tests specific gravity of water in tanks, using hydrometer, to determine when steeping process is complete. Records data, such as number of batches and bushels steeped, length of steeping cycle, and temperature and specific gravity of each batch. May prepare grinding schedules to facilitate production. May operate sulfur burner to regulate sulfuric acid concentration in steep water, millhouse, and starch wash water. May work as member of team and be designated according to position as Bottom Steep Tender (grain-feed mills); Top Steep Tender (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.482-010 MASHER (beverage)

Operates cooker and mashing tub to cook and combine cereal, such as corn or rice, and malt to produce wort: Opens slide gate on scale hopper to fill cooker and tub with measured amounts of malt and cereal. Starts pumps and turns valves to admit hot water into cooker and tub. Starts power-rakes that mix cereal and water in cooker, and malt and water in tub. Ignites burners to cook cereal and mash over controlled cooking cycle. Turns outlet valve on cooker and starts pump that transfers cereal mash to tub. Turns valve that admits steam into tub to heat mash to specified temperature. Starts power-rake that mixes mash. Adds iodine to sample of mash and examines color to determine degree of saccharization. Turns outlet valve to transfer cooked mash to filter press or lautertub. Washes mashing tub and cooker, using high-pressure water hoses and cleaning solutions. Records mash temperature, steam pressure, and degree of saccharization.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.485-010 PICKLING SOLUTION MAKER (meat products)

Tends machine that mixes pickling solution for use in curing meats: Weighs specified amount of dry ingredients, such as phosphate and nitrate, on scale, according to written specifications. Turns valve to fill vat of mixing machine with water, and dumps dry ingredients into vat. Presses button to activate machine agitator that mixes ingredients and turns valve to admit brine solution into vat. Tests mixed solution for saline content, using salinometer, and turns valve to stop flow of brine solution into vat when specified saline content is obtained. Turns drain valve or presses pump button to drain or pump mixed pickling solution from vat into storage tank for use in curing process. May turn steam valve to heat solution to specified temperature. May weigh specified amounts of ingredients to prepare dry-cure mix and mix ingredients, using ladle or electric mixer. May observe meat color to determine degree of cure.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.584-010 OLIVE BRINE TESTER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: storage brine worker; storage laborer

Tests brine in olive barrels, maintains salinity of specified level, and inspects olives for evidence of spoilage: Knocks bung from barrel, using mallet. Siphons sample of solution from cask and reads indicator level, using hydrometer, to measure solution salinity. Replaces solution or adds water or salt to maintain brine salinity at specified level. Feels, smells, and visually examines olives to detect spoilage, wrinkling, and discoloration. Reseals barrel with bung, using mallet. May add vinegar or lactic acid to solution to retard spoilage.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.585-014 GERMINATION WORKER (beverage)

Tends equipment that controls temperature and humidity in rotating drums or compartments in which barley is germinated to produce malt: Starts fans that force and circulate moist, heated air into drums or compartments. Moves damper counterweights or lowers handle to adjust and obtain specified temperature and humidity. Adds water to drum, using metered hose, or starts screw-type mixing machine equipped with water sprayer to ensure uniformity of germination. Removes sample of germinated barley from drum or compartment for laboratory analysis. Records such data concerned with malting cycle as air and water temperature and humidity content.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

522.587-010 CARBONATION TESTER (beverage)

Measures and records volume of carbon dioxide in storage tanks during carbonation of beer, and purity of carbon dioxide present in beer after fermentation: Connects test apparatus to tank test cocks on storage tanks during carbonation of beer. Reads electronic meter on test apparatus and records meter readings that indicate volume of carbon dioxide, or amount of carbonation, present in beer. Observes calibrated tube of testing instrument attached to tank test cocks after fermentation of beer, and records readings that indicate percentage of oxygen or purity in carbon dioxide content of beer.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.662-010 RECEIVER, FERMENTING CELLARS (beverage)

Operates pumps that add yeast to wort, following standard instructions: Turns spigot to drain yeast from pressurized yeast tub into yeast wagon, or starts pump to transfer yeast from storage tank to yeast brink (pressurized tank that pumps measured amounts of yeast to starting tank). Connects wort and starting tank lines. Signals PUMPER, BREWERY (beverage) or starts pump to transfer wort from storage to starting tanks. Mixes yeast and wort, using paddle and connects wagon and wort lines, or opens valve on brink tank to transfer yeast mixture or yeast to wort in starting tank. Observes flow dials and pressure gauges to ensure that specified ratio of yeast to wort is maintained. Opens starting tank valve to obtain sample for laboratory analysis. May pump pure yeast culture, prepared by YEAST-CULTURE DEVELOPER (beverage), from sterile barrels through successive yeast culture tanks to permit further cultivation of yeast prior to adding it to wort and be designated Culture-Room Worker (beverage).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.662-014 REDRYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: tobacco drying-machine operator

Operates redrying machine to dry, cool, and moisten tobacco for packing or further processing: Starts flow of steam or hot air into drying units and steam and water in ordering section. Starts fan that circulates hot air in drying units and conveyor that carries tobacco through drying unit, cooling section, and ordering section. Observes air pressure gauges, humidity and temperature charts, or thermometer to determine whether specified amount of heat, steam, or air pressure is maintained. Feels tobacco to determine moisture content and regulates flow of hot air, steam, and water to correct deviations from standard. May remove sample leaves of tobacco from machine for moisture content measurement.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

522.665-010 FILTER TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends rotary vacuum and drum or leaf pressure filters that purify liquid sugars: Turns valves to control flow of materials through filters during semiautomatic or manual operation of equipment, as instructed. Observes liquid sugar flowing through filters to detect cloudiness and turns valves to regulate flow, recirculate filtrate, or bypass filter for cleaning. Moves levers to raise filter covers and cleans filter, using hot water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.665-014 YEAST PUSHER (beverage)

Tends equipment to transfer surplus yeast from fermenting cellar to storage tanks in yeast drying plant: Couples hose between yeast tank and flow lines, using wrench. Opens valves on line to effect uninterrupted flow. Notifies yeast plant to prepare to receive yeast. Opens gravity-feed outlet valve to permit yeast to drop into storage tanks. Climbs into tank to spray yeast residue with water and pushes it to outlet to complete transfer, using water hose and paddle.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.667-010 LIQUOR INSPECTOR (beverage) alternate titles: content checker

Examines filled bottles of distilled liquor to detect imperfections or breaks in glass or foreign particles within bottle: Removes bottle from conveyor line, places it in front of strong light, and examines it to detect imperfections in glass or foreign particles within bottle. Informs CONTAINER WASHER, MACHINE (any industry) to stop machine when foreign particles are detected within bottles. May be designated according to type of liquor inspected as Gin Inspector (beverage); Whiskey Inspector (beverage).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.682-010 KETTLE OPERATOR (beverage)

Controls equipment to cook grain mash and boil resulting liquor (wort) with hops to flavor it preparatory to fermentation, following written or oral specifications: Mixes and cooks specified amounts of malt, corn, and rice in water, maintaining temperatures for designated periods of time. Turns valves to transfer mash to lautertub to strain and extract wort, and to control flow of wort from lautertub to brew kettle. Adds specified amounts of hops to wort in brew kettle and cooks mixture [KETTLE TENDER (beverage)]. Drains wort through hop-extractor into hot-wort tank and starts pump to transfer wort to cooler. May add hop extract to mixture in brew kettle.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.682-014 ORDERING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: conditioning-machine operator; ordering-box operator; steam-box tender; steamer

Operates $T3ordering machine$T1 to moisten tobacco preparatory to processing: Starts machine and conveyor and turns valve to start flow of steam into chamber. Observes gauge to determine whether specified amount of steam pressure is maintained. Feels tobacco leaves to determine moisture content and regulates flow of steam, hot air, or water so that tobacco will be pliable and easily processed. Observes flow of tobacco from machine onto conveyor or into tubs or boxes. Regulates speed of conveyor. May feed tobacco onto conveyor of ordering machine.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.684-010 PICKLER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: pickle maker; pickle processor

Pickles prepared food products in preservative or flavoring solutions: Mixes ingredients, such as salt, vinegar, or sugar in barrels, vats, or tanks, according to formula, to make pickling or flavoring brine. Dumps product, such as vegetables, fruit, fish, fish eggs, or meat into solution to soak for specified time. May pack product into barrels in layers, covering each layer with preservative compound. May remove contents from containers by hand or with dip net. May be designated according to product pickled as Fish Pickler (can. & preserv.); Gherkin Pickler (can. & preserv.); Pepper Pickler (can. & preserv.); Sweet-Pickled-Fruit Maker (can. & preserv.); Sweet-Pickle Maker (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

522.685-010 BLENDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends machine that rinses and dries cottage cheese and blends it with cream to produce cream-style cottage cheese: Inserts plastic liner in tub, sprays liner interior with sterilizing fluid, and slides tub under machine discharge outlet. Signals COTTAGE-CHEESE MAKER (dairy products) to pump cottage cheese to machine. Presses switches and turns water valve to start machine that spreads cottage cheese into even layer, sprays cheese with refrigerated water to cool and rinse it, and squeezes cheese dry under pressure belt. Feels dried cheese to determine if specified amount of water is removed, and adjusts pressure belt, as required, using wrenches. Starts pump and turns valve to control flow of cream from refrigerated tank to auger that blends cream with cottage cheese. Observes texture of creamed cottage cheese and adjusts valve to maintain cream content at specified level. Tastes cottage cheese and reports off-flavors to management. Stops machine and closes filled tub. Blends cream and salt according to formula, using mixer, and pumps cream to refrigerated tank.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-014 BREWERY CELLAR WORKER (beverage)

Tends equipment that cools and adds yeast to wort to produce beer: Starts pumps and turns valves to control flow of refrigerant through cooler coils, to regulate flow of hot wort from tank through cooler into starting tank, and to admit specified amounts of air into wort [COOLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (beverage)]. Turns valves to add yeast to wort and to transfer wort to fermenting tanks [RECEIVER, FERMENTING CELLARS (beverage)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-018 BRINE MAKER I (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: pickling-solution maker

Tends steam cooker to prepare brines and pickling solutions used for preserving food products: Opens valve to admit required amount of water into steam cooker, observing water gauge or designated mark on cooker. Pours salt or other ingredients, such as vinegar, alum, tumeric, sugar, and flavoring, into water, using measuring container. Mixes ingredients in kettle, using paddle. Admits steam into jacket of cooker and allows solution to boil for specified length of time. Observes temperature gauge and regulates heat to maintain boiling temperature. Tests solution for salt and other preserving content, using salinometer or hydrometer. Adds water, salt, or other ingredients until prescribed specific gravity is attained. Pumps solution to brine vat or holding tank for aging and curing.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-022 BRINE MAKER II (can. & preserv.)

Tends equipment that mixes brine solution of specified sulfur-dioxide concentration in vat to bleach and preserve cherries prior to processing them into maraschino cherries: Turns valve and observes volume indicators to fill vat with specified volume of water. Screws hose coupling on outlet valve of sulfur-dioxide gas container, using wrench, and lowers other end of hose into water. Reads chart and gauges and opens valve to admit specified amount of gas into vat to obtain solution of specified concentration. Draws sample of brine solution from vat and tests it for volumetric concentration, using test equipment and reagents, such as starch and iodine. May add lime, according to formula, and in proportion to volume of brine and ripeness of cherries to provide firming agent. Mixes lime in solution, using paddle. May pump brine from vat into plastic-lined bins filled with cherries.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.685-026 CARBONATION EQUIPMENT TENDER (beverage)

Tends equipment to regulate flow of carbon dioxide into beer lines and tanks to carbonate beer: Observes volume meters and pressure gauges and turns valves to admit specified amounts of carbon dioxide at specified pressures into tanks and lines. Observes beer through sight glasses and adjusts flow and pressure of carbon dioxide to control turbulence.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-030 CASING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: flavoring-machine operator; overshot operator; tobacco flavorer

Tends machine that applies flavoring or $T3casing fluid$T1 to chewing or smoking tobacco, by either of following methods: (1) Starts machine, pours fluid into trough of machine. Forks or shovels tobacco into hopper or onto conveyor that carries tobacco through revolving drum immersed in fluid or under spraying device. (2) Turns valves and starts pumps to transfer fluid from storage tank to spray tank and to spray fluid on tobacco passing under sprayer on conveyor or fed into revolving drum. Opens valve to admit steam to jacket of spray tank to heat fluid to specified temperature. May remove excess fluid from tobacco [WRINGER OPERATOR (tobacco) 522.685-106]. May tend grinders that grind menthol crystals and add menthol to casing fluid.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-034 CORN COOKER (food prep., nec)

Tends equipment that cooks corn in steam cooking vat or kettle to soften corn preparatory to grinding into products, such as masa (cornmeal dough), for use in making corn chips and tortillas: Dumps prescribed quantities of ingredients, such as shelled corn, water, and lime, into cooking vat, and sets controls to admit steam into jacket of vat. Adjusts cooking temperature and starts equipment that automatically cooks and stirs ingredients. Drains corn into tank of water, after specified cooking time, for cooling and soaking preparatory to hulling and grinding by CORN GRINDER (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-038 CURING-BIN OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends moistening drums of curing bins that spread moisture uniformly through cooked grain prior to or after being shaped into breakfast cereal, such as flakes or shredded biscuits: Opens gate in conveyor duct to deflect incoming grain into first bin. Closes gate when bin is full, records time, and repeats filling operation with next bin. Pulls lever to dump grain onto conveyor as specified curing time is completed for each bin. Dislodges remaining grain from bin, using pole. May tend bins and cooling towers that cool toasted grain to specified temperature for packaging by starting fan and turning water valves as grain moves through equipment and moving lever to direct grain into chutes of filling machines.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-042 DE-ALCOHOLIZER (beverage)

Tends distilling equipment that removes alcohol from beer to convert it to near-beer: Turns valves to admit water to condensers. Starts impellers and vacuum pumps, and opens beer inlet valve. Observes meters, and steam-pressure and vacuum gauges, and turns valves to make adjustments required to draw off vaporized and condensed alcohol and return other gases to solution. Starts pump to transfer solution (near-beer) to storage tank or rack room. Inspects hoses, pipes, tanks, and connections for leaks and cleans equipment by flushing with water.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-046 DEODORIZER (chemical)

Tends distilling equipment and filter presses that deodorize processed oils used in manufacture of margarine, shortening, and other edible products: Turns valves to admit steam to heat oils to specified temperature. Pours or dumps specified chemicals into hopper, using standard measuring container. Maintains specified pressure and vacuum to remove fatty acids and gases from oil.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-050 DORR OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends processing equipment that separates organic colloidal matter from carbonated raw sugar beet liquor, and purifies liquor prior to refining into granulated sugar: Opens valves and starts pump to fill settling tank with liquor and adds specified amounts of lime or milk of lime solution. Sets controls to maintain specified temperature of lime-liquor solution to aid in precipitation process. Takes sample of liquor from tank and tests for purity, using refractometer. Opens valves and pumps liquor to process storage tanks and lime sludge to filter station. Washes remaining sludge from bottom of settling tank. Records data, such as amount of liquor processed and refractometer readings on batches, in station log.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-054 DROPPER, FERMENTING CELLAR (beverage)

Tends pumps to transfer pitched wort from starter tank to fermenting tank: Observes yeast in $T3pitched wort$T1 to verify yeast development and collects samples of beer in early fermentation stages for laboratory analysis. Skims brown yeast from beer surface, using paddle. Fastens and clamps hose terminals to connect lines from starter to fermenting tank, using wrenches. Turns valves to open line to transfer pitched wort by gravity feed into fermenting tank. Pumps caustic soda solutions through transfer lines to clean interior.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-058 DRUM LOADER AND UNLOADER (beverage)

Tends revolving drums in which barley is germinated under controlled temperature and humidity to produce malt: Couples drum spout to steeping tanks or to base of screw conveyors containing steeped barley. Turns valve or pulls lever to drop barley into drum or starts conveyor that empties barley into drum. Starts rotation of drum that mixes barley to promote uniformity of growth and temperature. Stops drum, following oral instructions. Unlocks and opens slide door, and starts drum rotating to dump barley onto conveyor. Crawls into drum and scrapes walls, using metal hook to remove barley. Washes drum with water, using high-pressure hose. May stand in pit under revolving drum and pull barley from drum, using metal hook.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-062 FERMENTER, WINE (beverage)

Tends tanks that convert (ferment) crushed fruit or must into wines by either of following methods: (1) Dumps or shovels specified amounts of crushed fruits into wine tanks and starts pump to admit premeasured amounts of syrup. Turns valve to admit compressed air into tank and allows mash to ferment for specified period of time. (2) Pours and dumps specified amount of chemicals and yeast into tank containing must to prevent bacteria growth and induce fermentation. Starts pump to circulate must to enrich color and flavor of wine. Starts pump to circulate must through heat exchanger as required to prolong fermentation, according to temperature readings. Turns valve to admit compressed air into must when producing sparkling burgundy and champagne. Starts pump to transfer fermented mash or wine into storage tanks. May pump fermented wine through filter equipment to remove sediment. May meter out specified amounts of sugar and water into automatic mixing tank to produce syrup. May be designated according to type of wine produced as Fermenter, Champagne (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.685-066 FISH SMOKER (can. & preserv.)

Tends smoke chamber in which fish are cured: Removes salt-cured fish from barrels and hangs fish on racks. Places racks of fish in washing tank, and turns valve to regulate fresh water flow. Lifts racks of fish from tanks and places racks in smoke chamber. Fills hopper of chamber with wood chips and turns on burner. Turns wheel to regulate amount of smoke entering chamber. Examines color and texture of fish to ensure that curing has proceeded according to specifications. Removes and stacks cured fish on trays for packaging.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-070 HONEY PROCESSOR (food prep., nec) alternate titles: pasteurizer

Tends equipment that pasteurizes and filters liquid honey, and seeds honey with crystals to make crystallized honey for use as food spread: Turns valve to admit honey from blending tanks to pasteurizer, and to adjust and control pasteurizing temperature. Installs pads in filter press and turns handcrank to tighten pads. Starts pumps and adjusts pressure to force honey through filter and transfer honey to bottling machine or cooling vats. Pours container of honey crystals into vat of liquid honey and mixes it with paddle or electric stirring rod to induce controlled crystallization. May bottle honey.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-074 MALT-HOUSE OPERATOR (beverage)

Tends equipment to germinate barley to make malt: Fills tank with water, weighs barley conveyed into beam scale hopper, and drops barley into tank to steep for predetermined period. Starts conveyors to load rotating drums or compartments with steeped barley. Regulates temperature and humidity in closed drums or open compartments to achieve maximum germination of barley. Moves discharge chute to spread germinated barley evenly over kiln floor for drying. Starts furnaces to heat kilns to specified temperature to dry malt (germinated barley). Starts conveyors to move dried malt successively through cleaning, separating, and grading machines.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-078 MOLASSES PREPARER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: mash-floor operator

Tends equipment to process molasses wort for use in production of baker's yeast: Turns valve to admit molasses into weigh tank. Observes scale and pumps measured molasses into heating tank. Adds specified amounts of water and chemicals to molasses to precipitate impurities. Starts mixing unit and opens valves to allow steam to circulate in coils of tank to heat molasses to specified temperature. Mixes diatomaceous earth with water and pours specified amount of mixture into tank to clarify molasses. Pumps filter solution through filter to precoat screens. Pumps molasses through filter to settling tank to remove impurities from molasses. Measures sludge level in settling tank, using depth gauge, and opens valve to decant molasses. Observes level indicators and pumps specified amount of cane molasses to mix with beet molasses in holding tank.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-082 NEUTRALIZER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment that neutralizes acid in glucose (converted starch): Weighs prescribed amount of soda ash on scales and dissolves soda ash in water. Pours measured amount of $T3filtracell$T1 into neutralizer tank. Turns valves to admit soda ash solution into tank to neutralize acid. Obtains sample from tank, and holds sample against light to detect formation of precipitate. Adds additional soda ash if precipitate is not readily forming. Adds acid to tank of starch to begin hydrolysis of starch into glucose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-086 PICKLE PUMPER (meat products) alternate titles: injection-machine operator; pickle-water-pump operator; vein pumper

Tends machine that automatically injects meat with curing solution: Adjusts height of injection needles and width of conveyor guides, using wrenches. Turns valves to regulate flow and pressure of curing solution in pumping system. Starts machine and conveyor. Places meat on conveyor that pulls meat under machine injection needle which forces measured amount of curing solution into meat, and dumps treated piece into cart. Weighs meat before and after injection to ensure that specified amount of solution has been injected. May lift treated meat from conveyor, using handhook, and drop it into tank. May inject curing solution into meat, using hand pump, and be designated Pumper, Hand (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-090 SEED-YEAST OPERATOR (food prep., nec) alternate titles: pure-culture operator; yeast-culture operator

Tends series of tanks to inoculate molasses wort with pure yeast culture to produce seed yeast for use in production of baker's yeast: Pours molasses wort and chemicals into tank, according to formula, and adds yeast culture from flask. Observes thermometer on tank and opens valves to allow water to circulate in coils of tank to maintain specified temperature. Pumps air into tank to aerate yeast. Tests specific gravity of yeast, using hydrometer, and tests acidity of yeast, using pH meter. Adds required chemicals to adjust acidity when necessary. Pumps wort to successive tanks as yeast growth progresses. Submits samples of wort to laboratory for analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-094 STEAM-CONDITIONER OPERATOR (tobacco)

Tends equipment that injects steam into opened hogsheads of tobacco to order tobacco prior to further processing: Slips end of perforated metal tube over holder of hydraulic press, pushes hogshead under tube, and presses button to activate mechanism that pushes tube into center of tobacco. Presses button to release tube and raise press. Pulls hogshead from bed of press, throws canvas cover over top of hogshead, pushes hogshead into steam chamber, and connects flexible hose to end of tube protruding from top of hogshead. Presses buttons to lower door to seal chamber and to activate steam. Turns knobs to build up steam pressure and to activate air pressure that forces steam through air vents of tube into tobacco. Sets timer and observes light that signals when tobacco has been conditioned to specifications. Flips switch to activate exhaust mechanism that removes steam from chamber. Presses button to raise door. Pulls hogshead from chamber and removes tube from hogshead, using overhead chain hoist. Pushes hogshead to feeder conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-098 STILL OPERATOR (agriculture; can. & preserv.)

Tends batch stills and related equipment to separate and condense vitamins or oils from fruits or mint hay: Pumps or pours specified quantities of liquids into still. Observes thermostat and sets controls on instrument panel to maintain specified temperatures throughout distillation cycle and to control condensation. Draws samples of distillant for laboratory analysis. Observes color of distillant to determine when distillation is completed. Records operating data, such as weight, yield of product, gauge readings, and number of batches distilled.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

522.685-102 VACUUM-CONDITIONER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: steam-pressure-chamber operator

Tends vacuum conditioner (steam-pressure chamber) that moistens opened hogsheads of tobacco for further processing: Opens chamber door and pushes hogsheads of tobacco into chamber or starts hydraulic lift that moves hogsheads into chamber. Closes chamber door, starts vacuum pump, and turns valve to admit steam into chamber. Observes gauges and dials on control panel to determine when temperature and air, steam, and vacuum pressure reach specified levels to force steam through tobacco. Removes hogsheads from chamber.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-106 WRINGER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: casing-wringer operator; wrapper dipper

Tends machine that saturates tobacco leaves with $T3casing fluid$T1 and removes excess fluid from leaves: Admits fluid to vat. Starts conveyor that feeds leaves through fluid and to wringer rolls of machine, or dumps leaves into vat, allows leaves to absorb moisture for specified time, and feeds moistened leaves between wringer rolls. Removes clogged leaves from rollers, using stick. Cleans rollers and vat, using steam and airhose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.685-110 YEAST-FERMENTATION ATTENDANT (food prep., nec)

Tends fermentation tanks to propagate yeast in molasses wort: Opens valves to admit specified amounts of seed yeast and molasses wort into tanks. Dumps, pours, or meters measured quantities of nitrogen and phosphate to supplement diet of yeast. Pumps air into tank to aerate wort. Sets thermostat to maintain prescribed temperature levels in fermentation tanks. Tests wort for acidity, using pH meter, and adds specified chemicals to maintain required acidity. Adds additional wort and chemicals to tank, as yeast concentration increases, to facilitate yeast growth. Pumps wort with yeast cream (concentrated yeast suspension) to yeast-separating department.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

522.685-114 BARLEY STEEPER (beverage) alternate titles: steeper

Tends steeping tank that saturates barley with water preparatory to germination: Moves lever to open slide gate of weighing tank. Dumps barley into tank and weighs out specified amount. Turns handle to open and load barley into steeping tank. Turns water and air valves to fill steeping tank with water, remove chaff, and aerate barley. Reads and copies water and air temperature data to maintain record of steeping cycle. Drains and refills tank during cycle. Turns handles to open steeping tank and dumps steeped barley onto conveyor. May tend equipment to germinate barley [GERMINATION WORKER (beverage) 522.585-014].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

522.686-010 CHIP WASHER (beverage)

Shovels beechwood chips (used to impart flavor to beer) from fermenting tank into cart. Pushes cart into automatic washer and starts washer. Removes cart from washer and shovels washed chips onto floor of fermenting tank.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.686-014 GENERAL HELPER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: fermenter helper; yeast stacker

Dumps chemical nutrients into yeast fermentation tanks to supplement diet of yeast cells. Takes samples of wort from tank for laboratory analysis. Cleans fermentation tanks, using steam and water. Transfers ingredients, materials, and finished products to production, storage, and shipping area, using handtrucks.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-010 BARREL FILLER I (beverage) alternate titles: checker

Fills metal or wooden containers with distilled liquors, preparatory to aging: Rolls metal drum or wooden barrel, with bunghole side up, under spigot attached to storage tank. Inserts spigot nozzle into bunghole of container and opens valve to fill container with whiskey, gin, or vodka. Removes spigot nozzle from filled container when spigot has shut off automatically. Hammers bung into bunghole of barrel or screws threaded metal bung into bunghole of metal drum, using wrench. Rolls filled container aside for storing. When filling metal drums only, may be known as Drum Filler (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-014 BRINER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: dipper, fish

Immerses fresh fish fillets in brine solution to condition them for wrapping or freezing: Places fish fillets in wire basket and submerges basket in salt and water solution for specified time. Removes basket from brine tank and dumps fillets on conveyor belt.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-018 BULKER (tobacco)

Fills $T3bulking cell$T1 with stemmed and cased tobacco: Directs conveyor tube into cell and spreads tobacco in cell, using handfork. Positions hydraulic press over tobacco and pulls lever to activate press to pack tobacco into bulk for fermentation.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-022 FILLER ROOM ATTENDANT (tobacco)

Spreads filler tobacco leaves on trays after conditioning (wetting) to allow air to circulate between leaves. Feels leaves to determine moisture content and empties trays into boxes or cans when leaves are at stage specified for processing. May fill cans with tobacco [CAN FILLER (tobacco)]. May moisten tobacco [LEAF CONDITIONER (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-026 LEAF CONDITIONER (tobacco) alternate titles: casing wetter; tobacco conditioner; tobacco curer; tobacco dipper

Moistens (conditions or cases) hands of tobacco to make leaves pliable for processing: Removes hands from receiving box and dips them into water or sprays water over leaves. Stacks leaves, stem down, on drainboard and covers leaves with cloth or paper. May pack drained leaves in cases and transfer cases to steam or humidifier room, using handtruck. May mix various grades and types of tobacco prior to conditioning. May be designated according to type of tobacco as Binder Caser (tobacco); Wrapper Caser (tobacco). May feel tobacco leaves from steam room and moisten butts and tops of hands that are too dry and be designated Cigar-Tobacco Rehandler (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-030 LEAF-CONDITIONER HELPER (tobacco) alternate titles: caser helper

Assists LEAF CONDITIONER (tobacco) to condition tobacco leaves. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-034 PICKLER (meat products) alternate titles: curing packer; green-meat packer; vat overhauler; vat packer

Loads cuts of meat into pickling vats or barrels to cure meat preparatory to smoking: Packs and arranges meat in vats or barrels by hand or with meat hook to ensure maximum saturation. Turns valves to admit curing solution into vats or pours in solution by hand. Covers vat or barrel to keep meat protected and submerged in solution. Sticks trier (hook) into meat and smells trier to determine degree of curing. Opens valves or pulls bungs to drain vats and barrels, and removes cured meat for further processing. Dumps frozen meat in water tank to defrost it preparatory to curing. May roll barrels to rearrange meat and ensure maximum saturation. May flush or blow marrow from ham bones. May clean vats with water and steam hoses.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-038 TURNER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: box turner

Rearranges containers of fruit stacked in tiers in ripening room to expose all fruit equally to room temperature during ripening period. May truck fruit in and out of ripening room.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-042 WRAPPER-HANDS SPRAYER (tobacco) alternate titles: tobacco sprayer

Moistens hands of tobacco wrapper leaves with water, using spraygun, to make leaves pliable for processing. Feels leaves to determine whether moisture content is within prescribed limits. Weighs specific amounts of leaves and places leaves in containers for untier. Records amounts of wrapper and binder leaves used in making cigars.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

522.687-046 FISH ROE PROCESSOR (can. & preserv.)

Performs any combination of following tasks concerned with cannery processing of fish roe: Presses headless fish against work surface to ascertain sex of fish by presence or absence of milt. Inserts hand into body cavity of female fish, feels along ventral area of body to locate vent, and cups hand to remove viscera and egg skeins (membrane-enclosed ovaries, tissue, and fish roe). Separates viscera and organs from egg skeins by hand. Discards viscera and organs and places egg skeins in baskets for weighing. Weighs baskets containing egg skeins, using scales, and records totals on tally sheets. Dumps basket of egg skeins on work surface, and examines egg skeins for imperfections, such as blood saturation, immature eggs, and torn membranes. Separates egg skeins, according to size and species of fish. Places acceptable egg skeins in containers for reweighing. Rinses containers of egg skeins with water, using water hose, and dips containers in mild saline solution to rinse egg skeins prior to brining. Works under direction of FISH ROE TECHNICIAN (can. & preserv.) 522.384-010 to fill brining tanks, dump egg skeins into tanks, remove processed egg skeins, and pack egg skeins for shipment, following prescribed procedures. May slit underside of fish before removing egg skeins, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

523 HEATING, RENDERING, MELTING, DRYING, COOLING, FREEZING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with subjecting materials or products to heat and cold for a specific purpose, such as removing moisture or fat content, or preserving and storing them by refrigeration.

523.131-010 TESTING AND ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT SUPERVISOR (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sorting and packing nuts, and inspects sampling of nuts to estimate percentage that will be marketable from each delivery: Selects random sample of nuts from each delivery, places sample in containers, and attaches identification tag to container. Places nuts in drier to remove specified percentage of moisture. Weighs nuts before and after drying and records weight lost. Places nuts on perforated plate through which nuts pass into separate containers, according to size. Cracks nuts and examines them for blanks, worms, and shriveled centers. Segregates salable nuts, weighs nuts, and records percentage of marketable products. May explain procedures for estimating percentage of marketable products to growers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.132-010 SUPERVISOR, CHAR HOUSE (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in regenerating bone-char, charcoal, and diatomaceous earth used as filtering media for sugar liquor: Orders emptying of filters, and transferring of char between char-house by CHAR PULLER (grain-feed mills; sugar & conf.) and other workers. Directs kiln operator in maintaining specified temperature in kiln and flow-rate of material through kiln. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.137-010 SUPERVISOR, ICE HOUSE (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in filling cans, sucking cores, and pulling and dumping cans in ice plant. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.362-010 COCOA-BEAN ROASTER I (sugar & conf.)

Operates one or more roasters to remove moisture and impart specified color and flavor to cocoa beans: Adjusts thermostat and fuel valve to heat roasters to specified temperature. Observes temperature chart to ascertain heat pattern of roaster. Pulls handle to open hopper and drop beans into roaster. Starts roaster cylinder rotating to roast beans evenly. Examines sample of beans for color, dryness, or brittleness after specified roasting cycle, and tastes bean to judge if flavor conforms to standard. Adjusts roaster flame and dampers to control circulation of hot air on basis of evaluation of sample. Pulls handle when desired degree of roasting is reached to discharge beans onto conveyor that transfers beans to cracking and fanning machine. Records amounts of beans roasted. May tend bean-cleaning machine.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.362-014 DRIER OPERATOR (food prep., nec)

Controls equipment that dries macaroni according to laboratory specifications: Turns dials and opens steam valves on panelboard to regulate temperature, humidity, and drying time in preliminary, secondary, and final drying chambers, according to outside atmospheric conditions, specific product requirements, and drying stage. Enters chambers and feels macaroni to determine if product is drying according to specifications, relying upon knowledge and experience. Opens chamber hatch to admit cold air and adjusts controls to change drying speed at particular drying stages to comply with laboratory recommendation or to meet changing atmospheric conditions. Regulates temperature and humidity in pressroom to maintain required atmospheric conditions. Evaluates quality of dried macaroni on basis of color.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.380-010 COCOA-BEAN ROASTER II (sugar & conf.)

Sets up and operates such equipment as continuous roaster, cracker and fanner, dryer, and grinder, to process cocoa beans to make chocolate liquor: Turns gas valves and electric switches to start and heat roaster. Sets thermostat and rheostat to control temperature of roaster and speed of rotation. Starts conveyor to transfer specified type and amount of beans from storage to roaster. Examines sample of beans for color, tastes beans for flavor, and crumbles beans to determine moisture content. Adjusts temperature and speed of roaster in accordance with findings. Starts cracking and fanning machine to break and remove husks from roasted cocoa beans [CRACKING-AND-FANNING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Observes nibs (cracked roasted cocoa beans) and shells to evaluate husking process, and adjusts machine accordingly. Opens slide gate on fanner to convey nibs scheduled for dutch processing [DRIER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Starts agitator to mix beans in treating tank for specified time. Opens tank gate to release beans for conveying to dryer. Starts gas-fired dryer, sets rheostat, and feels beans for dryness. Starts conveyor to move dried beans to roaster for roasting or to grinding machine [LIQUOR-GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Turns valve to pump chocolate liquor to storage tanks. Patrols area to observe coordination of machine and equipment to ensure orderly flow of material at specified rates.
GOE: 06.01.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

523.382-010 GUNNER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: cereal popper; shooter

Controls guns (pressure cylinders) to expand or puff whole grain to produce breakfast cereal: Presses button to admit grain and water to electric- or gas-heated cylinder. Clamps lid in place and starts cylinder rotating. Turns valves and moves controls to regulate air pressure and temperature in cylinder to obtain product having puffed kernels of specified size, color, and uniformity. Removes lid after specified time, causing grain to expand as it escapes from cylinder. Examines and feels product to determine need for adjustments in process conditions.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.382-014 MAPLE-SYRUP MAKER (food prep., nec)

Controls equipment to produce maple syrup: Transfers maple sap to evaporator pan placed on stove, allowing product to flow through various compartments of evaporator. Pours additional sap into evaporator as needed to maintain uniform temperature. Transfers syrup to heated finishing pan when level of product in evaporator indicates evaporation is complete. Tests syrup for prescribed consistency by adding quantity of syrup to cold water and observing appearance. Filters evaporated syrup through cloths or other filtration media. Pours syrup into containers or molds for storage, use, or sale. May boil, stir, and evaporate syrup to form variety of maple products, such as maple sugar, wax, butter, or candy, depending on processing temperature and time, and be designated Maple-Products Maker (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

523.382-018 MELTER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Operates heating and mixing equipment (melters) that reclaims uncrystallized sugar from molasses and softens molasses adhering to sugar crystals: Starts pumps, turns valves to start flow of molasses, and starts conveyor that dumps sugar crystals into melting tanks. Turns steam valves to maintain specified temperature, and starts agitators. Observes dials on panelboard and adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature, steam pressure, and density of mixture. Tests mixture for alkalinity, using pH meter, and posts data, such as test results, temperature, and density of mixture on report form. May mix and store milk of lime solution. May add milk of lime to mixture to obtain specified alkalinity. May pump liquors to char house for filtration. May clean pump screens, using hose and water.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.382-022 PROCESSOR, INSTANT POTATO (food prep., nec)

Controls equipment to process potatoes into instant potato granules: Reads laboratory reports to stay apprised of laboratory test results of potato samples taken during processing. Observes lights, gauges, and meters on panelboard controls to determine temperature readings of equipment, such as precookers, precoolers, cookers, and driers. Turns dials on panelboard to maintain operating temperature ranges as required to meet company standards. Flips switches and presses buttons on panelboard to start potato processing equipment, such as feed screws, mixers, cookers, and granule driers. Walks through processing areas and observes product consistency and product level in equipment, such as feed screws and cookers. Turns equipment controls on panelboard to adjust temperatures of cookers or airflow through driers, utilizing knowledge of product processing. Listens for alarms that indicate malfunctions of processing units and takes required steps, such as shutting down equipment and notifying supervisor. Records shift activities in log.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

523.385-010 PRESSURE-TANK OPERATOR (chemical)

Tends steam pressure tanks to extract glue from bones: Opens valve to admit steam into tank of bones, and observing gauges, adjusts pressure according to specifications. Shuts off steam and releases pressure after required period, and drains glue liquor into storage tank. Measures density and temperature of liquor, and records hydrometer and thermometer readings on control sheet. Weighs out specified amount of zinc sulfate preservative and adds it to glue in storage tank.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.562-010 DIFFUSER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Operates automatic multicell diffuser to extract sugar juice from beet slices: Starts diffuser and auxiliary equipment, such as beet slicers, conveyors, and automatic weighing scales. Observes dials and turns controls to regulate flow of beets and water into diffuser, speed of agitators, and temperature of liquid in cells. Reads laboratory report to determine sugar content of beets, and adjusts controls to obtain maximum amount of sugar juice. Examines diffuser cells to determine if screens are clear, and that liquid levels are maintained at specified height. Reads control panel dials and automatic indicators, and records operating data, such as tonnage of beets sliced and diffused, and tonnage of water required to diffuse beet slices.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.585-010 BUTTER LIQUEFIER (oils & grease) alternate titles: butter melter

Tends equipment that melts and pasteurizes butter for use in fortifying and flavoring margarine: Opens valves to admit steam to heat chambers of liquefier and pasteurizer to prescribed temperatures. Places butter blocks on revolving table and starts liquefier to melt and deposit liquefied butter into receiving tank. Pumps melted butter through pasteurizer and preset cooling unit into holding tank. Weighs and adds prescribed ingredients to complete batch. Dismantles piping, using handtools. Flushes lines, and cleans tanks and equipment, using solvents and water. Maintains operating log and temperature charts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.585-014 CHILLER TENDER (meat products)

Tends immersion vats and cooling equipment that chill dressed chickens to prevent spoilage: Starts water pumps, agitators, ice feeders, and conveyors and turns valves to control rate of flow and temperature of water circulating through chilling vats. Observes flow of ice through troughs that feed conveyor and dislodges caked ice with mallet. Reads gauges and thermometers to verify temperatures in chilling vats and cooler. Activates mechanical rakes to regulate flow of ice from storage bins to vats. Records temperatures on report form.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.585-018 CRYSTALLIZER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends crystallizers that agitate mixture of crystallized sugar and massecuite (molasses) while it cools to prevent solidification and to allow sugar crystals to grow: Opens valves on signal from SUGAR BOILER (sugar & conf.) to permit strike to flow into mixing tanks. Starts agitators to prevent sugar crystals and massecuite from separating. Turns valves to maintain level, temperature, and consistency of sugar mass in crystallizers. Steams out empty crystallizers to remove and recover hard sugar adhering to agitators, tank sides, and piping. Maintains records, such as equipment power and temperature readings and disposition of sugar strikes.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.585-022 DRIER, LONG GOODS (food prep., nec) alternate titles: long-goods drier

Tends battery of preset, final drying chambers that automatically dry macaroni long goods: Pushes rack of macaroni into drying chambers and starts drying cycle. Observes hydrometer on chamber and removes rack of dried macaroni after completion of drying cycle. Records date and time of drying process on tag and fastens tag to rack. Pushes rack to storage area.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.585-026 PASTEURIZER (oils & grease)

Tends equipment that pasteurizes, incubates, and blends sweet or sour milk for use in manufacture of margarine: Opens valve to pump prescribed amount of water into tank and adds preweighed powdered milk or opens valve to pump fresh milk or reconstituted powdered milk into tank. Starts agitator. Turns steam valve to heat batch to designated temperature for specified period of time. Admits water into cooling system to reduce heat of batch to storage temperature. Adds specified culture of mixture to produce batch of sour milk. Pumps sweet and sour milk mixture into mixing tank preparatory to churning. Records number of batches produced. May clean and sterilize tank and auxiliary equipment, using steel wool, detergent, and caustic soda solution.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.585-030 PULP-DRIER FIRER (sugar & conf.)

Tends drum-type rotary driers and heating kilns, from central control station, to remove moisture from beet pulp and molasses mixture being processed into cattle fodder: Moves controls to admit fuel and air into kiln and ignite fire in kiln. Adjusts controls to obtain specified temperature in drier drum. Starts scrolls, elevators, and belt conveyors. Observes panelboard gauges and automatic recorder readings and moves controls to regulate drier temperature and rotation speed of drier drum according to moisture content of pulp-molasses mixture. Feels processed pulp to ensure that drying process meets specifications. Takes readings from conveyor scale to ascertain tonnage of fodder produced. Records production and operating data in station log. Collects samples of cattle fodder produced for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.585-034 ROASTER, GRAIN (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment that roasts whole or milled grain to specified color or hardness preparatory to processing into cereal: Lights gas jets under drum or pan and sets temperature regulator at specified setting. Moves controls to transfer grain to drum or pan and start agitator that prevents sticking of grain to sides of vessel. Shovels grain from outer edge of pan to center to ensure uniform agitation of batch. Pushes grain from pan, using scoop, or pulls lever to dump grain onto conveyor after specified time, or determines removal time by matching color of roasted grain with color of standard sample. Records temperature reading and roasting time of batch. May start conveyor to move roasted grain to cooling pan and agitate grain with rake as blower forces air through perforated bottom of pan.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.587-010 DRIER, SHORT GOODS (food prep., nec)

Observes meters and gauges to ensure that drying process of macaroni short goods proceeds as scheduled: Patrols drying room and reads instruments and charts that control and record automatic drying process in preliminary, secondary, and final drying chambers. Reports deviations from specified chart trackings. Fills hydrometer wells with water. Dumps specified quantities of vitamins into press hopper, and reads meter to ensure required vitamin feed rate. Prepares report of drying operations and number of vitamin hoppers filled. May relieve PRESS TENDER (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.587-014 DRYING-ROOM ATTENDANT (tobacco)

Loads stripped or unstripped tobacco on racks in drying room and remoistens tobacco to increase pliability for use in making cigars: Places trays of tobacco on racks and removes them after specified time. Sprays leaves with water, using hose, and stacks trays. Places moistened leaves in containers for cigar making after specified time. Weighs and records weight of tobacco processed.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.662-010 BONE-CHAR KILN OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: head kiln operator

Controls kilns to reclaim char (activated carbon) used in filtering corn syrups: Turns valve to admit gas to kilns. Specifies to BONE-CHAR KILN TENDER (chemical) temperature to maintain in kiln. Reads pyrometers to verify temperature. Observes operation of char conveyors to prevent spillage. Collects and replaces temperature-recording graphs. Patches flues, plugs up retorts, and replaces broken or worn parts in kiln.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.665-010 SUGAR DRIER (grain-feed mills)

Tends steam-heated rotary drier that dehydrates sugar products: Starts drier revolving and adjusts gates on ducts to prevent overloading and incomplete drying. Observes flow of materials through elevators and conveyors to prevent jamming or spillage. Signals CRYSTALLIZER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) and CENTRIFUGAL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills; sugar & conf.) in synchronizing flow of materials to rate of intake at drier. Dumps sugar dust from collector into melting tanks and adds water to reclaim sugar lost during process. Cleans equipment with steam, hot water, and hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.666-010 COCOA-BEAN-ROASTER HELPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: roaster helper

Assists COCOA-BEAN ROASTER (sugar & conf.) I and COCOA-BEAN ROASTER (sugar & conf.) II to process cocoa beans preparatory to making cocoa, chocolate, or other cocoa products: Receives signal to charge and discharge cocoa beans from roasting ovens. Observes thermometers and clock and notifies supervisor of deviations from specific temperature or roasting cycle. Starts conveyors to move cocoa bean shells from cracker and fanner to shell cleaning machines or to transfer cleaned nibs (cracked roasted cocoa beans) to treating drums. Examines shells for presence of nibs and dumps shells into cracker and fanner machine to recover nibs. May tend cleaning machine [COCOA-BEAN CLEANER (sugar & conf.)]. May mix potassium solution used in processing cocoa beans to make dutch process chocolate. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.682-010 CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: tempering-machine operator

Controls water-jacketed kettles or automatic equipment that tempers chocolate preparatory to molding or coating operations: Starts pumps to transfer specified quantity of chocolate from storage tanks or dumps block chocolate into tempering kettles. Observes thermometer and turns valves to admit water or steam into jacket of kettle and to alternately heat and cool chocolate, according to temperature time chart specifications. Starts agitators and scrapers to mix chocolate in tank. Tests viscosity of chocolate with viscosimeter, and adds cocoa butter and lecithin as required. Pumps chocolate from tempering kettle through water-cooled column when using automatic tempering equipment. Sets thermometer dial to regulate temperature of chocolate to achieve specified temper.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

523.682-014 COFFEE ROASTER (food prep., nec)

Controls gas fired roasters to remove moisture from coffee beans: Weighs batch of coffee beans in scale-hopper, and opens chute to allow beans to flow into roasting oven. Observes thermometer and adjusts controls to maintain required temperature. Compares color of roasting beans in oven with standard to estimate roasting time. Opens discharge gate to dump roasted beans into cooling tray. Starts machine that blows air through beans to cool them. Records amounts, types, and blends of coffee beans roasted.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

523.682-018 DEXTRINE MIXER (grain-feed mills)

Controls operation of steam-jacketed cooker that heats mixture of starch and acid to make dextrine paste: Opens gate on overhead chute or shovels starch into cooker. Adds specified amount of acid to start starch conversion process. Turns valves to admit steam into jacket of cooker. Starts agitator to stir cooking starch. Observes process to determine when conversion to dextrine is made and turns valve to transfer dextrine to storage tanks or drums.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.682-022 DRIER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.; dairy products) alternate titles: powder operator

Controls vacuum-drying equipment to convert egg or milk liquids into powder of specified moisture content: Couples spray unit between pipeline and drier, using wrench. Places charts in temperature and vacuum recorders. Starts gas-fired drier, vacuum pump, and circulating fan, and adjusts dampers. Turns controls and observes gauges to obtain specified temperature and vacuum pressure in dryer. Starts pump and turns valves to spray liquid into heated vacuum chamber where milk droplets are dried into powder. Tests dried powder conveyed out of drier, using meter. Observes interior of chamber walls for burned scale which indicates excessive temperature. Adjusts temperature of dryer and amount of liquid sprayed into dryer to obtain specified moisture content and eliminate scale which appears as sediment in powder. Places container on scale under outlet of drying equipment to fill container with specified amount of powder. May be designated according to product dried as Buttermilk-Drier Operator (dairy products); Yolk Spray Drier (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.682-026 DRUM DRIER (grain-feed mills)

Operates steam-heated drum drier in vacuum tank to dry liquid cereal mixture to specified consistency: Adjusts temperature regulator of vacuum tank to specified setting. Starts vacuum pump and revolving drum in vacuum tank. Turns valve to raise level of liquid in pan beneath drum, causing thin film of liquid to dry as it contacts rotating drum. Turns valve and moves controls to regulate drum temperature and speed and level of liquid in pan to attain specified color and consistency of dried cereal. Installs scraping blade that peels dried cereal from drum into handtruck, using wrench. Opens vacuum chamber and removes loaded handtruck. Pushes truck onto scale, records weight, and trips lever to dump contents into hopper.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.682-030 KILN OPERATOR, MALT HOUSE (beverage)

Controls gas-fired furnace that heats malt drying kilns: Pushes ignition switch and turns gas valve to light furnace. Observes temperature gauge or recording charts, and adjusts gas valves, dampers, and speeds of draft and exhaust fans to maintain specified temperature in kiln. May move levers that tip floor sections of kiln to drop dried malt into storage hopper. May open and control slide gate of storage hopper dispensing malt to cleaning machine.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.682-034 PERCOLATOR OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates percolating equipment to produce liquid mixture of water, grain, and other ingredients according to formula, as part of cereal-manufacturing process: Starts agitator and turns valves to draw premeasured amounts of milled grain, water, and other ingredients into percolating vessel. Sets temperature regulator of vessel at specified setting. Turns valve at bottom of tank to draw off liquid percolate into storage tanks. Tests sample of percolate, using hydrometer, to determine concentration of liquid filter bed and turns valve to shut off percolate flowing to storage tanks when hydrometer indicates ingredients in filter bed are exhausted. Pulls lever to dump spent grain mixture into handtruck.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

523.682-038 TOBACCO CURER (agriculture)

Controls heating equipment in tobacco barns to cure tobacco: Starts coal or wood fire in furnace, lights oil or gas burner, or turns on electric furnace to heat barn. Regulates temperature and draft controls, depending on type of tobacco and weather conditions, until leaves are yellowed. Observes color and moisture content of leaves to determine when to increase heat and regulate draft controls to dry leaves and stems. When bulk curing barns (tobacco leaves packed in metal racks and cured by forced air heat) are used, starts and regulates fan speed to control movement of air and heat through tobacco leaves.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-010 BATCH FREEZER (dairy products)

Tends batch freezer that freezes liquid ice cream mix to semisolid consistency: Measures specified amounts of ice cream mix, color, and flavor, using graduate, and dumps ingredients into freezer barrel. Starts beaters and refrigerating unit. Observes clock and ammeter for specified reading denoting end of freezing cycle and turns valve to start flow of frozen mix into containers. Places fixture which ripples ice cream into valve outlet, and stirs syrups into ice cream with spoon or adds candies, fruit, and nuts to make various varieties of ice cream. Places containers of mix in hardening cabinet. Washes and sterilizes equipment, using cleansing solution, brushes, and hot water.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-014 BLANCHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that blanches fruits and vegetables preparatory to canning and preserving: Observes gauges, sets dials, and turns valves to fill machine with water and admit steam and to regulate temperature and blanching time. Starts machine, and conveyor or pump to feed product to and from machine. Feels and visually examines blanched product to determine adequacy of softening or color setting. May fill and weigh containers of blanched product, using shovel and platform scale. May feed paste products, such as spaghetti or noodles into machine by hand.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-018 CHILLING-HOOD OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends machine that chills cased chickens and chicken parts preparatory to storage in refrigerated holding rooms: Monitors thermometers and carbon dioxide gas pressure gauges, and turns regulating valve controls to adjust flow of gas refrigerant into cartons.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-022 CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (bakery products; grain-feed mills) alternate titles: chocolate maker; chocolate-mixer operator

Tends jacketed kettles to temper chocolate used for coating baked products: Breaks slabs of prepared chocolate into pieces and dumps pieces into kettle. Turns valves to adjust kettle heat to specified temperature to melt chocolate. Starts agitator. Opens water valve to cool mixture to desired consistency. Opens valve to drain mixture into container and dumps chocolate into enrobing machine tank. May mix cocoa butter with melted chocolate for use as filling. May process grain to form gluten and be designated Premix Operator, Concentrate (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-026 COFFEE ROASTER, CONTINUOUS PROCESS (food prep., nec)

Tends coffee roaster equipped with rotating cylinder through which green coffee beans flow in continuous stream for roasting. Moves controls to regulate speed of cylinder rotation, rate of flow of beans, and temperature of oven for each coffee blend, according to specifications. May tend machine that grinds coffee beans [COFFEE GRINDER (food prep., nec)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-030 COOK-BOX FILLER (meat products)

Tends steam-jacketed tank in which flesh is removed from bones of animals: Lowers basket of bones into water-filled cooking tank, using hoist. Opens and regulates steam valves to heat water to specified temperature. Removes basket of cleaned bones from tank with hoist.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-034 COOKER, MEAL (oils & grease) alternate titles: cooker; heater tender; meal cook; meal temperer

Tends steam cooker that breaks down oil cells and controls moisture content of corn, soybeans, cottonseed, linseed meal (meats) or fish, prior to extraction of oil: Turns valves to regulate steam pressure inside cooker or steam jacket and to maintain temperature within specified range. Observes conveyor feeding material to cooker or climbs to top of cooker to determine that material is feeding continuously. May scoop handful of material from entry or discharge point of cooker and examine or feel material to determine how much steam should be added. May record steam pressure and temperature readings at specified intervals. May tend machine to crush meats for processing. May tend cake-forming machine to shape cottonseed meats for pressing [CAKE FORMER (oils & grease)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-038 COOLER TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment that cools corn sugar syrup and transfers syrup to storage tanks: Observes thermometer and turns valves to regulate flow of cold water through cooling coils, and to start flow of syrup over coils. Starts pump to transfer cooled syrup to storage tanks. Draws samples to test for Baume (specific gravity), sulfur dioxide, acidity, and alkalinity.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-042 COOLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: cooler operator

Tends equipment that cools and transfers wort to starting tank preparatory to fermenting: Turns valves to control flow of refrigerant through cooler coils. Starts pumps and opens valves to draw hot wort from tank through cooler and into starting tank. Monitors pressure gauges, flowmeters, thermometers, and temperature recorders, and turns valves to control rate of flow and temperature of wort passing through cooling machine. Observes flowmeter and opens valves to admit specified amounts of air into wort. Opens valves to circulate solutions through wort coils to clean and sterilize lines.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-046 COOLING-PAN TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends equipment that cools preserves and fruit concentrate: Turns valve to admit water into jacket of cooling pan to cool preserves and fruit concentrate. Skims foam from top of preserves, using ladle. Stirs preserves or fruit concentrate with paddle to prevent coagulation and to allow even cooling. Observes thickening and starts pump, or opens dump valve, to transfer preserves or fruit concentrate from cooling pan to holding tank or filling machine when desired consistency is reached. May determine sugar content of preserves or fruit concentrate, using refractometer, and record results. May add sugar or water to preserves or fruit concentrate, according to formula, to bring sugar content up to standard. May start fan above cooling pan to aid cooling.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-050 CRYSTALLIZER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends cooling tank and crystallizer that starts crystallization of liquid sugar: Turns valves and starts pumps to fill cooling tank with liquid sugar and regulate flow of cold water through cooling coils until specified temperature is attained. Turns wing nut to release tension on outlet door of crystallizer and pushes lever to raise door. Knocks out sugar plug to allow sugar to flow to centrifugals. Measures depth of sugar in crystallizer to ensure that small amount of sugar remains to start crystallization of next batch.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-054 DEHYDRATOR TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends sulfur and drying chambers to bleach and dehydrate fruit: Starts conveyors to load trays with fruit, and levels fruit in trays to ensure thorough processing. Pushes loaded cart into sulfurizing chamber and lights burner to generate fumes. Moves cart from sulfurizing chamber into drying chamber to dehydrate fruit. Observes gauges, and regulates and maintains specified temperature and humidity in drying chambers. Feels and observes fruit during dehydrating process to ascertain firmness and color in accordance with standards. Pulls cart from heating chamber. May record drying time of each load.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-058 DRIER ATTENDANT (can. & preserv.; grain-feed mills) alternate titles: dehydrator; steam drier

Tends rotary driers that remove moisture from materials, such as corn germs, alfalfa, and shredded sweet potatoes: Turns valves to admit steam through lines or fuel to furnace to heat drier. Observes gauges to verify drier temperature. Turns valves to regulate steam pressure or starts blower of furnace to regulate temperature of drier. Examines and feels discharged material or observes gauges to determine that moisture content of material conforms to standard. Turns handwheel or valve to control rate of speed and amount of material conveyed into drier. Starts blower to remove material from drier. May direct workers engaged in shredding potatoes and sacking dried material. May be designated according to material dried as Germ Drier (grain-feed mills); or method of heating drier as Fire Drier (grain-feed mills). May tend attrition and hammer mills [MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)] in addition to rotary drier to prepare stock feed from bran and gluten and be designated Feed-Drier Tender (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-062 DRIER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: flaker operator

Tends steam-heated drying machine that removes moisture from cooked potatoes preparatory to grinding into flour: Rakes uniform coating of cooked potato mash deposited from auger-type conveyor over heated revolving cylinder to remove moisture. May tend drying equipment that recovers starch byproduct from gluten wash.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-066 DRIER TENDER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: nut-dehydrator operator

Tends machines that dehydrate nuts: Starts heater and sets thermostat to control air temperature. Starts blower system that forces warm air through nuts to dry them, improve storage qualities, and prepare them for further processing. Starts conveyor to move nuts into machine for dehydration. Tests dryness of nuts by feeling or by using moisture indicator. Attaches sack to discharge end of machine to catch dried nuts, or starts conveyor system that transfers dried nuts to storage bin. May sew sack, using needle and twine. May be designated according to kind of nut dehydrated as Walnut-Dehydrator Operator (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-070 DRIER TENDER (grain-feed mills)

Tends drying equipment to reduce moisture content of cooked grain to specified degree of dehydration for cereal products: Adjusts steam valves to regulate temperature and pressure of drier to specified levels. Turns valve or adjusts gate on conveyor to regulate amount of cereal entering drier. Turns handcrank to adjust speed of conveyor through drier. Visually and tactually inspects dried grain and collects samples throughout drying process to determine moisture content of grain. May turn valve and push button to start granulators and picker rolls that break lumps in cooked grain prior to or after drying.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-074 DRIER TENDER I (oils & grease)

Tends rotary drier that removes moisture from fish scrap preparatory to grinding scrap into meal: Starts drier and conveyors that feed fish scrap into drier and move dried material to storage area. Observes gauges and turns valves to regulate steam pressure and to keep temperature within prescribed range.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-078 FIRER, KILN (sugar & conf.)

Tends battery of char-kilns that revivify char used in filtration of liquor: Starts fires and regulates gas and air pressure in kilns and flow of water through heat exchanges to control temperature. Observes inside of kiln through peep-hole to detect wall defects and char leakages. Examines and adjusts equipment, such as char-draw mechanisms, emergency stop alarms, remote control switches, and water-sprays on char-conveyors.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-082 FREEZER TUNNEL OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends freeze tunnel to quick-freeze food products: Pushes switches to start and control speed of conveyorized screen that conveys food product through tunnel that flash freezes food as it passes. Turns valves to adjust temperature in tunnel and monitors temperature and pressure gauges to ensure conformance to company specifications. Patrols tunnel to observe progress of vegetables to ensure freezing and to detect machinery malfunctions. Scrapes conveyor to remove excess ice or frost from conveyor and to break vegetables loose from conveyor to prevent accumulation, using hands and handtools. Breaks excess ice from tunnel outlet to facilitate conveyorized frozen food off bearing. Notifies supervisor of machinery malfunctions. May tend machine that deposits breading onto food products [BREADING MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-086 GRAIN DRIER (beverage) alternate titles: spent-grain dryer

Tends steam or gas-fired drum to dry grain or yeast: Starts dryer, turns steam valve, or lights gas burner and observes thermometers and pressure gauges to heat dryer to operating temperatures. Opens valve or starts screw conveyor and vacuum pump to convey wet grain through heated drum and into discharge hopper. Observes feeder gauge and turns valve or moves rheostat lever to adjust flow of yeast or grain to capacity of dryer. Feels dried grain or yeast to judge moisture content or measures with moisture meter. Adjusts valves to vary heat of dryer and grain and yeast flow to change moisture content to specifications. When drying grain, attaches cloth bag to discharge hopper. Weighs filled bag and seams top of bag, using portable sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-090 GRAIN-DRIER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends grain-drying machines that reduce moisture content of grain: Reviews data concerning moisture content of grain to be dried. Moves levers to regulate gate on feed hopper and flow of grain through drier. Observes temperature recorders and turns valves to regulate flow of steam pressure or gas to heat driers to specified temperature. May observe conveyors transferring grain from storage bin and control flow of grain into feed hopper. May test grain to ensure moisture content standards are being met, using moisture meter or standard oil-distillation test. May be designated according to grain dried as Rice-Drier Operator (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-094 GRAIN-WAFER-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products)

Tends machines that soak, form, and bake whole grains of wheat or rice into wafers: Dumps sacks of grain into soaking tank. Turns valve to regulate flow of water into tank, and starts tank revolving. Turns off water after specified soaking period and starts air blower to dry grain. Pushes lever to empty tank, and starts screw conveyor that moves grain into feed hopper of baking machine. Lights gas burners to heat crushing and baking rollers. Starts machine that flattens and bakes grains into solid sheets. Turns valve to adjust temperature of rollers depending on color and texture of extruded sheet of wafers. Fills salting hopper, using hand scoop.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-098 GRANULATOR OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: sugar drier

Tends rotary-type kiln that dries sugar to specified moisture content: Starts equipment, such as scrolls, and conveyors. Turns valve to admit steam into heating coils, and starts fan that blows air around steam coils in drum. Opens gate on feed scroll to admit sugar to drum. Observes instruments to ascertain that temperatures and humidity in drums are within specified limits. Adjusts gate or speed of feed scroll and amount of steam pressure in coils to control temperature, luster, and grist of sugar. Keeps records of station operations. Takes samples of sugar for laboratory analysis. Clears blockages in scrolls and magnetic screens, using mallet or brush.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-102 ICE MAKER (food prep., nec)

Tends refrigerating equipment that freezes water into ice, performing any combination of following tasks: Opens valves to fill containers with specified amounts of water, and lowers containers into freezing tanks, using hoist. Inserts air bubbler into containers and starts agitator in freezing tank to ensure uniform freezing. Siphons or pumps water containing foreign matter from centers of partially frozen ice blocks, using suction pump, and refills container with fresh water. Flushes surfaces of ice blocks with hose. Removes container from tank, using hoist, and immerses it in warm water or places it in steam bath to free ice from container sides. Positions cans on $T3dumping pivot$T1 and pushes buttons to tilt pivot and dump ice onto conveyor or platform. Adds prescribed amounts of materials into mixing vats and starts agitator to mix brine solution for freezing tanks. May turn valves to regulate compressors and condensers. When performing specific duty, may be known as Can Filler (food prep., nec); Dumper (food prep., nec); Ice Puller (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-106 INSTANTIZER OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends hydrating and drying equipment to make instant dairy products, using either of following methods: (1) Turns valves, starts fans, and observes thermometers and gauges to heat drying chamber to specified temperature and supply steam to hydrating jets. Starts conveyors and shaker screen. Turns dial to transfer powder from feeder hopper through steam spray, drying chamber, and vibrating screen into storage hopper. Turns steam valves and feeder dial to adjust temperature or powder flow to maintain specified moisture content. (2) Starts pumps, turns valves, and observes meter to spray water into hydrator at specified rate. Starts blower to push powder from storage hopper, through water spray, and onto conveyor leading to dryer and sizing rolls. Turns valve and observes thermometer to maintain specified temperature in dryer. Positions sizing rolls on conveyor, using wrench, to crumble dried powder to specified size. Examines and feels powder for moisture and charring.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-110 PASTEURIZER (beverage; can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that pasteurizes bottled or canned food products or beverages: Starts water spray or steam in pasteurizer and starts conveyor that moves bottles or cans through machine. Observes water or steam temperature gauge to ensure constancy of temperature or notifies quality control laboratory of deviations. Pushes pasteurized bottles or cans from machine table onto conveyor by hand or with metal bar to prevent jamming. Removes broken bottles from conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-114 STERILIZER OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends conveyor line enclosed in series of circular chambers to cook canned milk to sterilize and change viscosity and color of milk: Turns steam, water, and hot air valves and observes gauges to adjust temperature of heating, cooking, cooling, and drying chambers. Observes panel lights for machine failure and stops conveyor to remove jammed cans. Observes filled sealed cans moving through chambers and removes dented cans or sample test cans. Opens sample can and dips spoon into sterilized milk to observe grain (texture), viscosity, and color. May alter cooking temperature or add measured amount of calcium or phosphate to milk batch to obtain specified grain and viscosity.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.685-118 TOBACCO-DRIER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: drying-oven tender

Tends driers that remove moisture from leaf and processed tobacco: Starts driers (rotating drums) and turns valves to admit steam to heat coils of driers or opens valves on gas burners and sets thermostat. Periodically feels tobacco to determine dryness and regulates heat to dry tobacco within specified limits. May record readings of humidigraphs and thermometers on chart. May feed tobacco into drier. May be designated according to types of tobacco dried as Snuff Drier (tobacco); Tobacco-Stem-Drier Operator (tobacco). May tend driers that impart distinctive flavor (toast) to tobacco and be designated Toaster Operator (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-122 VACUUM DRIER OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends vacuum drier system to dehydrate prebleached and preevaporated fruit in evaporating plant: Loads fruit-filled trays onto drier shelves and closes and seals doors. Turns switches and dials to start heater and set temperature and timing for preheating system's circulating water. Turns switches and dials in prescribed sequence to activate timer, water pumps, and condenser and to put system on automatic cycle. Turns hand-valve to break vacuum at end of cycle, sets timer, and allows fruit to cool. Removes filled trays from drier and turns and pulls trays across bin-mounted scraper to remove dehydrated fruit. Listens for sounds that indicate malfunctions, and notifies supervisor of malfunctions that fail to respond to specified corrective actions.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.685-126 WINE PASTEURIZER (beverage)

Tends tanks used to pasteurize fermented wine: Meters out specified quantities of wine into tanks and turns steam valves to admit heat. Observes thermometer readings and gauges of tanks to ensure heating of wine at required temperature for specified time to effect pasteurization. Starts pumps to transfer wine from pasteurizing tanks to storage tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

523.687-010 COFFEE-ROASTER HELPER (food prep., nec)

Assists COFFEE ROASTER (food prep., nec) to roast green coffee beans: Picks over green coffee, discarding black and dead coffee beans, to prepare coffee for roasting. May weigh and pack ground coffee. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.687-014 FISH DRIER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: fish flaker; flaker; flaker tender

Dries fish, such as salmon, cod, herring, or sardines: Hangs fish on racks or poles, or places them in trays. Sets racks, poles, or trays in drying room or oven.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.687-018 KILN LOADER (beverage)

Spreads germinated barley or green hops on kiln floor to dry: Holds and directs swing chute to discharge and spread barley or hops evenly over floor. Levels barley or hops, using fork. Loosens lock bolts to tip holding-kiln floor screens and drop barley or hops onto next drying floor or into storage hopper or pushes product into lower bin, using scraper. May clean and scrub malthouse floors.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

523.687-022 FREEZING-ROOM WORKER (can. & preserv.)

Moves racks of food packages into and out of freezing room: Wheels portable racks filled with food packages and fresh meat into freezing room for freezing. Records identifying data, such as brand name, package sizes, and time of entry in freezing room. Feels packages after specified time to test solidity of freeze. Notifies supervisor when specified quotas are filled, and when temperature fluctuates, or outside air leaks into freezing compartments. Pulls racks from freezing room with power winch when wheels are frozen.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

524 COATING, ICING, DECORATING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with applying coverings, fillings, sprays, and decoration to products or components to complete assembly, affect flavor and appearance, improve baking and keeping qualities, and serve as identification.

524.381-010 CAKE DECORATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: pastry decorator

Decorates cakes and pastries with designs, using icing bag or handmade paper cone: Trims uneven surfaces of cake or cuts and shapes cake to required size, using knife. Spreads icing between layers and on surfaces of cake, using spatula. Tints white icing with food coloring. Inserts die of specific design into tip of bag or paper cone and fills bag or cone with colored icing. Squeezes bag to eject icing while moving bag with free-arm writing motions to form design on cake. Forms decorations on $T3flower nail$T1 and transfers decorations to cake, using spatula. May mix icing.
GOE: 05.05.17 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

524.381-014 DECORATOR (dairy products)

Molds and decorates ice cream confections according to order: Packs ice cream into metal molds shaped as flowers, fruit, animals, cake, or pie, using spoon, knife, or spatula. Presses mold halves together and places mold in hardening cabinet. Immerses hardened molds in water, pries molds open and removes confection, using knife. Whips cream, sugar, and dye by hand or in machine beater to make whipped cream of specified color and consistency. Folds parchment paper into cone shape, places metal extrusion tip into bottom of cone and fills cone with whipped cream. Presses tube and moves tube over confection to create designs and figures, such as leaves, flowers, wreaths, or letters to decorate confection as indicated on order. Holds confection under stencil in tray and covers confection with whipped cream, using spatula, or with dye to form wording, using spray gun. May place paper, plastic or metal decorations on confection.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

524.382-010 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy polisher; coater; finisher; glazer; glosser; pan operator; polisher

Operates machine to coat items, such as candy, nuts, and chewing gum tablets, with syrup, wax coloring matter, or other material to provide specified finish or polish: Dumps product into pan and starts pan revolving. Pours specified quantity of syrup over whirling candy or other product, and passes hands through batch to spread syrup uniformly. Turns steam valve and observes thermometer to regulate pan temperature, according to changes in atmospheric conditions, or when hard coatings have been specified. Examines and feels product to determine adequacy of coating, and applies successive charges of syrup until specified coating thickness is attained. Adds flavoring and coloring ingredients in final coating, as specified. May mix together and apply emulsified or dry ingredients, such as gum solution, cornstarch, and powdered sugar to product. May transfer contents to polishing pans and add specified ingredients to polish coating. May set temperature controls and start blower to dry syrup. May be designated according to product coated or polished as Almond-Pan Finisher (sugar & conf.); Chocolate-Peanut Coating-Machine Operator (sugar & conf.); Gum Coater (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

524.382-014 ENROBING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products; sugar & conf.)

Controls machines and equipment to enrobe (coat) confectionery or bakery products with melted chocolate or other coating and to cool enrobed products preparatory to packing: Turns switches and valves on central control panel and pushes levers to start machine and conveyor that transfer candy or other products over prebottoming device to coat bases, under flow pan to receive coating, past air nozzle to blow off surplus coating, over trimming device to wipe drippings from enrobed pieces, and through cooling tunnel to packing area. Weighs coated products at random to ensure specified thickness of coating and examines products for conformity to solidification, gloss, and uniformity of coating. Adjusts air blower, trimming rod, and flow of coating to correct product deviations. Turns switches and valves to adjust steam and water flow in jacketed supply tank, belt speed, and temperature of cooling tunnel in accordance with findings. May adjust automatic decorating device on machines so equipped to produce hand-dipped effect on coated product. May be designated according to coating material as Chocolate-Machine Operator (bakery products; sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

524.565-010 TROLLEY OPERATOR (bakery products)

Tends trolley conveyors that convey icing-dipped cookies to cool and solidify them preparatory to packaging: Transports cookies and bowls of icing to other workers in trolley room, using handtruck. Weighs icing on scales, records weights, and dumps contents of bowl into reservoirs. Starts trolley conveyors and turns knob on rheostat to regulate its speed. Turns valve in steam line or starts ventilating fans to adjust temperature of trolley room.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.665-010 SANDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that applies coating of sugar to candy, such as gumdrops and orange slices: Dumps sanding sugar into hopper of rotating cylinder. Turns steam valve and starts conveyor that carries candy through steam bath for heating and moistening, and into cylinder for application of sugar coating. Examines sugared candy as it emerges on conveyor and adjusts flow of steam and sugar to correct imperfections in coating. Notifies other workers to remove malformed or improperly coated candies.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.682-010 DEPOSITING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: filling-machine operator; marshmallow-machine worker; spreading-machine operator

Operates machine to deposit filling, such as icing, marshmallow, or peanut butter on cookies or crackers: Installs specified nozzles in machine, using wrench. Starts pump to load machine hopper with filling. Starts conveyor to position cookies under nozzles. Turns valve to deposit specified amount of filling on cookies. Pulls lever to feed product under refrigerated roller to spread filling over cookies. Wipes filling from roller, using wet cloth. Verifies weight of cookies on scale. May place pans or sheets of cookies under nozzles. May mix ingredients for filling.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

524.684-010 CANDY DIPPER, HAND (sugar & conf.)

Dips candy centers, fruit, or nuts into coatings to coat, decorate, and identify product: Scoops liquid coating material onto slab of heated dipping table and kneads material, such as chocolate, fondant, or icing to attain specified consistency. Drops candy into mass and swirls candy about until thoroughly coated, using fingers or fork. Removes candy and marks identifying design or symbol on top, using fingers or fork, to identify type of center or brand. May decorate top of candy with nuts, coconut, or other garnishment. May mix coating ingredients and dip candy into vat containing coating material, regulating vat temperature to maintain specified consistency. May pour liquid chocolate into molds to form figures [CANDY MOLDER, HAND (sugar & conf.)]. May be designated according to type of center dipped as Bonbon Dipper (sugar & conf.); Cherry Dipper (sugar & conf.); Cream Dipper (sugar & conf.); Pecan-Mallow Dipper (sugar & conf.); or according to type of coating as Chocolate Coater (sugar & conf.); Icing Coater (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

524.684-014 DECORATOR (bakery products; sugar & conf.) alternate titles: decorator, hand; ornamenter

Decorates confectionery products with chocolate, colored icings, or pastry cream: Screws nozzle of specified size and shape into outlet of decorating bag. Fills bag with icing, chocolate, or pastry cream. Squeezes bag to force material through nozzle, forming decorations, such as lines, letters, figures, or flowers. May mix, cook, and color decorating material. May spread material with brush, fingers, pronged instrument, or spatula. May fill molds with icing to form decorations, such as bells, birds, and bootees. May be designated according to product decorated as Candy Decorator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

524.684-018 ENROBING-MACHINE CORDER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: decorator, hand; streaker; stringer; stroker

Marks top surface of coated candies with identifying or decorative stroke to simulate hand-dipped appearance: Dips fingers in semiliquid chocolate or other coating and marks candies with diagonal line, bead, or other design as candies emerge from enrobing (coating) machine on conveyor. May mark tops of candies with symbol to identify type of center or flavor of candy.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

524.684-022 ICER, HAND (bakery products) alternate titles: decorator; finisher; froster; icing spreader

Covers baked goods with icing, frosting, or glaze by hand: Spreads icing evenly over surface of solid baked goods, using spatula. Builds up layer cakes by spreading icing or filling between layers and then icing outer surface. Applies glaze or thin icings to sweet rolls, fruit cake, speciality breads, and other items, using brush. May sprinkle chocolate chips, shredded coconut, chopped nuts, or other decorative materials over baked goods. May mix icings. May pack iced products in cartons. May be designated according to product iced as Bread Icer (bakery products); Cake Icer (bakery products); Doughnut Icer (bakery products); Pie Icer (bakery products); Roll Icer (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

524.685-010 BREADING MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that covers food products with breading material: Opens bag and dumps breading material into breading machine hopper. Turns valve to regulate flow of breading material onto food products on conveyor passing beneath hopper. Observes machine to detect malfunction. Cleans machine and conveyor with water.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.685-014 CHEESE SPRAYER (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that coats popcorn or similar food product with melted cheese: Dumps salt into hopper of salt-sprinkling device. Measures out specified quantity of cheese and coconut oil into thermostatically controlled melting and mixing kettle. Starts conveyor to admit popcorn to rotating drum. Starts drum rotating and pump that forces melted cheese through spray nozzle onto popcorn. Places container at discharge end of drum to receive coated popcorn. Transfers filled containers to packing room, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.685-018 COATING OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends coating and drying equipment that coats cereal products, such as flakes or puffed grain, with syrup, vitamin mixture, or other liquid: Lights gas burners or turns steam valve to attain specified temperature in drier and syrup storage tank. Starts revolving drum and conveyors that feed cereal product into drum and through drier. Pumps liquid from storage tank to perforated spraying pipe in drum. Adjusts speed of conveyor and drum to coat cereal to specified thickness, indicated by feel and color inspection.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

524.685-022 CRACKER SPRAYER (bakery products)

Tends machine that sprays crackers with oil to impart color and prevent drying out: Pours oil into reservoir, using pail. Adjusts steam valve to heat oil to specified temperature. Starts machine and turns valves to regulate spray of oil on crackers. Feeds crackers onto conveyor. Weighs sampling of crackers to measure amount of oil being applied.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.685-026 ENROBING-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: chocolate-coating-machine operator; enrober

Tends equipment that melts and sprays chocolate on cookies or crackers to enrobe (cover) them: Fills machine hopper with chocolate, using buckets or conveyor. Turns valve to regulate temperature of tank to melt and facilitate flow of chocolate, according to thermometer reading. Starts machine to spray chocolate on cookies or crackers. Observes cookies emerging from machine to ensure adequate coating. May melt and temper chocolate [CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (bakery products; grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.685-030 FILLING MACHINE TENDER (bakery products)

Tends machine that automatically injects cream filling into snack-size cakes: Starts pump to fill machine hopper with filling. Presses button to activate conveyor that conveys cakes under nozzles that automatically inject filling into cakes. Observes cakes being filled to ascertain that cream is injected into center of cakes in prescribed portions. Observes action of automatic dumping device at end of conveyor to ensure that all cakes in pan are dumped onto another conveyor which routes them for packaging. Cleans residual filling from machine hopper and nozzles. May turn hand valves to regulate pressurized flow and quantities of cream filling injected into cakes. May collect and weigh measured amounts of aerated filling to ensure conformance with gravity specifications. May remove, discard, and keep tally of unacceptable cakes.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

524.685-034 ICER, MACHINE (bakery products) alternate titles: finisher, machine; froster, machine; icing-machine operator

Tends machine that coats baked products with premixed icing: Loads machine hopper with icing, using scoop. Starts machine and places products to be iced on conveyor. Turns valve on hopper to regulate flow of icing. May be designated according to product iced as Bread Icer, Machine (bakery products); Cake Icer, Machine (bakery products); Doughnut Icer, Machine (bakery products); Pie Icer, Machine (bakery products); Roll Icer, Machine (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

524.685-038 MEXICAN-FOOD-MACHINE TENDER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that automatically dispenses cheese onto tortillas to form enchiladas or ground meat onto taco shells to form tacos: Fills vat with meat or cheese mixture and turns control knobs to regulate flow of filling through dispenser mechanism. Presses button to convey tortillas or taco shells under dispenser mechanism. Periodically weighs sample product, using scale, and turns knob to adjust dispenser flow to maintain specified weight of product.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.686-010 ENROBING-MACHINE FEEDER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy feeder; candy separator, enrobing; enrober tender

Arranges candy centers on conveyor leading to enrobing (coating) machine according to specified feeding sequence: Selects assorted centers from boxes or trays and places them in rows on conveyor belt to conform to individual box or layer arrangement. Removes malformed or broken centers and places them in salvage box.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.686-014 NOVELTY WORKER (dairy products) alternate titles: cone chocolate dipper; cone racker; sticker

Performs any combination of following tasks to make ice cream novelties, such as pies, cake rolls, cones, and vari-colored packs: Ladles fruit sauce over ice cream pie. Places layer of cake roll on tray and sets tray on conveyor. Cuts continuous ribbon of ice cream deposited on cake, using knife. Rolls up cake. Places roll in slicing machine and pulls lever to cut and eject slices onto packing table. Rotates transparent containers under nozzle that fills containers with vari-colored ice cream. Places cones, cups, pie plates, and other containers into dispenser of automatic filling machines.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

524.687-010 CHERRY CUTTER (can. & preserv.)

Cuts candied cherries into halves for use in decorating cakes, using sharp hand knife. May assist in the packing department as directed.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

524.687-014 GARNISHER (sugar & conf.)

Garnishes candy and fills dried or pitted fruit, such as prunes, dates, peaches, and figs, with nuts to make confections: Places nuts on top or presses them into candy or fruit items. Rolls candy in chopped or ground nut meats to coat product. May be designated according to task performed as Fruit Stuffer (sugar & conf.); Roller (sugar & conf.) II.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

524.687-018 RACKER (bakery products)

Loads wire racks with cookies, crackers, and wafers preparatory to their being dipped in icing: Removes wire rack from overhead trolley conveyor and places products on rack. Lifts and hooks rack to conveyor. May impale products on pins of wire rack and be designated Sticker (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

524.687-022 BAKERY WORKER, CONVEYOR LINE (bakery products)

Performs any combination of following tasks in preparation of cakes along conveyor line: Reads production schedule or receives instructions regarding bakery products that require filling and icing. Inspects cakes moving along conveyor to detect defects and removes defective cakes from conveyor to reject bins. Positions cakes on conveyor for application of filling or icing by machine, observes filling or icing application to ensure uniform coverage, and places additional cake layers on coated layers, depending on number of cake layers in product. Observes cakes moving under automatic topping shaker and cake cutting machine to ensure uniform topping application and cutting. Smooths iced edges of cake, using spatula, and moves decorating tool over top of designated cakes to apply specified appearance. Notifies supervisor of malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

525 SLAUGHTERING, BREAKING, CURING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with killing animals for use as food or byproducts, cutting up carcasses, and preserving and flavoring food, and related products by salting or smoking them.

525.131-010 SUPERVISOR, ABATTOIR (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in slaughtering, skinning, and dressing cattle, hogs, and sheep on killing floor of abattoir: Directs and trains workers in use of knife, air-knife, saws, and other handtools. Inspects meat for specified color and texture to verify conformity to government regulations. Sets control timer to regulate conveyors according to production schedules. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

525.131-014 SUPERVISOR, CUTTING AND BONING (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting cattle, sheep or swine carcasses into standard cuts, removing bones and trimming excess fat from cuts, and preparing special cuts for marketing: Instructs new employees in cutting carcasses and preparing special cuts. Examines cuts of meat to determine if quality standards are met. Directs COOLER ROOM WORKER (meat products) in selection of carcasses to be processed. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

525.132-010 SUPERVISOR, CURED MEATS (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in curing and smoking meats, such as bacon and hams, following formulas for pickling meats and specifications for operating smokeroom equipment: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Mixes dry and liquid pickling mixtures [PICKLING SOLUTION MAKER (meat products)]. Controls smokeroom equipment to smoke meat [SMOKER (meat products)]. Observes dial indicators and recording instruments to verify specified operating conditions of smokerooms and to detect machine and equipment malfunctions. Observes color and appearance of meats and feels meats to verify quality. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

525.132-014 SUPERVISOR, TANK HOUSE (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing slaughtering-and-meat-packing byproducts, such as tallow, hides, and cracklings (residual solids from extracting tallow from bone, trimmings, and viscera): Trains new employees in operation of equipment. Observes meters and dials to verify specified pressures and temperatures at various process stages. Moves controls to regulate equipment and correct equipment malfunctions. May supervise trimming and packing of offal products, such as tongues, livers, and tails. May assist in purchase of hides and sales of offal products. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

525.134-010 SUPERVISOR, FISH PROCESSING (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning, eviscerating and preparing fish for packing or canning: Trains workers to clean, eviscerate or prepare fish for packing or canning. Inspects fish at various stages of processing to determine if company standards are being met. Performs other duties as prescribed under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

525.134-014 SUPERVISOR, POULTRY PROCESSING (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in slaughtering, dressing, and packing poultry: Trains new workers in slaughtering, dressing, and packing duties. Observes and evaluates performance of workers to ensure conformance to processing standards. May substitute for line workers in emergencies. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

525.361-010 SLAUGHTERER, RELIGIOUS RITUAL (meat products)

Slaughters cattle, calves, and sheep as prescribed by religious law, and examines parts of carcasses to determine whether carcasses meet standards established by specific religion: Sharpens knife on whetstone or sharpening steel and washes knife. Cuts throat of animal, using single stroke. Inspects carcass and internal organs to verify absence of diseases. May inspect and bid for animals at auction. May offer ritual prayers while slaughtering animal. May inflate lungs with air to determine whether lungs are punctured. May mark carcasses of animals that meet religious standards. May butcher meat for marketing. May be required to hold license issued by religious organization. May be designated according to specific religious group as Islamic Butcher (meat products); Shactor (meat products); Halal Butcher (meat products); Kosher Cutter And Searcher (meat products); Shochet (meat products).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

525.381-010 BUTCHER APPRENTICE (meat products) alternate titles: slaughter-and-butcher apprentice

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

525.381-014 BUTCHER, ALL-ROUND (meat products)

Performs slaughtering and butchering tasks in small slaughtering and meat packing establishment, using cutting tools, such as cleaver, knife, and saw: Stuns animals prior to slaughtering [STUNNER, ANIMAL (meat products)]. Shackles hind legs of animals, such as cattle, sheep, and hogs, to raise them for slaughtering or skinning [SHACKLER (meat products)]. Severs jugular vein to drain blood and facilitate slaughtering [STICKER, ANIMAL (meat products)]. Trims head meat and otherwise severs or removes parts of animal heads or skulls [HEAD TRIMMER (meat products)]. Saws, splits, or scribes slaughtered animals to reduce carcass [CARCASS SPLITTER (meat products)]. Slits open, eviscerates, and trims carcasses of slaughtered animals. Cuts, trims, skins, sorts, and washes viscera of slaughtered animals to separate edible portions from offal [OFFAL SEPARATOR (meat products)]. Washes carcasses [WASHER, CARCASS (meat products)]. Wraps muslin cloth about dressed animal carcasses or sides to enhance appearance and protect meat [SHROUDER (meat products)]. Shaves hog carcasses [SHAVER (meat products)]. Trims and cleans animal hides, using knife [HIDE TRIMMER (meat products; oils & grease)]. Cuts bones from standard cuts of meat, such as chucks, hams, loins, plates, rounds, and shanks, to prepare meat for marketing [BONER, MEAT (meat products)]. Examines, weighs, and sorts fresh pork cuts [GRADER, GREEN MEAT (meat products)]. Skins sections of animals or whole animals, such as cattle, sheep, and hogs [SKINNER (meat products)]. Works in small slaughtering and meat packing establishment. May prepare meats for smoking [SMOKED MEAT PREPARER (meat products)]. May cut and wrap meat. May salt (cure) and trim hides [HIDE HANDLER (meat products; oils & grease)].
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

525.387-010 GRADER, MEAT (meat products)

Examines animal carcasses to determine grade in terms of sales value: Examines carcasses suspended from stationary hooks or hooks attached to overhead conveyor to determine grade based on age, sex, shape, thickness of meat, quantity and distribution of fat, color, texture, and marbling of lean meat. Attaches grade identification tag to carcass. May estimate weight of carcass or observe dial of automatic weighing scale to determine weight of carcass. May be designated according to carcass graded as Beef Grader (meat products); Hog Grader (meat products); Sheep Or Calf Grader (meat products).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

525.587-010 SHROUDER (meat products) alternate titles: bagger

Covers dressed animal carcasses with muslin to protect meat during storage or shipment: Trims ragged edges of flesh from carcass, using knife. Soaks muslin in brine solution and drapes wet muslin around suspended carcass. Pins muslin to carcass, using skewers. Slides carcass along conveyor and onto scale, and records weight. Pushes carcass to conveyor leading to storage or shipping areas. May wash carcass, using water hose.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.587-014 SMOKED MEAT PREPARER (meat products)

Prepares meats for smoking, performing any combination of following tasks: Soaks meat in water or brine and washes and scrapes encrusted salt, slime, grease, excess moisture, and discoloration from meat. Weighs meat and stamps or presses inspection labels, weight, or symbols on meat by hand or using branding iron. Ties cord through small end of hams and shoulders to form hanging loop. Encases meat in stockinets (cloth bags) to preserve shape of meat during smoking. Places metal hanging devices on racks, and hangs slabs of bacon on hooks of devices. Hangs meat products on tree racks suspended from conveyor and starts conveyor to move products to smokeroom. May strip stockinets from meat. May trim and bone hams. May be known according to task performed as Bagger, Meat (meat products); Comber (meat products); Hanger, Meat (meat products); Scraper, Meat (meat products); Soaker, Meat (meat products); Tier, Meat (meat products); Tree Loader, Meat (meat products); Washer, Meat (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.664-010 MEAT DRESSER (agriculture) alternate titles: farm butcher

Butchers livestock, such as hogs, sheep, and cattle, in private slaughter house or on customer's premises: Kills animals, using rifle and sticker knife. Raises carcass from floor, using hoist. Skins animal with skinning knife and cleans carcass with brush and water. Cuts carcass for packing, smoking, freezing, and salting, according to knowledge of meat cutting and customer's specifications, using saw, knives, and cleaver. May wrap meat. May grind meat into sausage.
GOE: 03.04.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

525.682-010 SMOKER (meat products) alternate titles: meat smoker; smokehouse attendant

Controls battery of smoke chambers in which meats, such as bacon, hams, meat loaf, sausage, shoulders, and wieners are cooked and cured: Loads racks and cages, suspended from overhead conveyor, with meat products and filled molds, and pushes racks into smokehouse for cooking and curing. Shovels sawdust into hopper of smoker and lights burner to ignite sawdust. Starts electric blower to admit air and blow smoke into curing chambers. Observes gauges, turns steam valves, and adjusts ventilators and dampers to regulate temperature, humidity, and density of smoke to control cooking and curing process. Inspects meat for color, feels meat for firmness, and inserts thermometer into meat to ascertain progress of cooking and curing. Opens water valve to spray and chill meat. Removes cooked and cured meat and empties molds. Places meat loaves on racks and returns them to smokehouse for further smoking and drying. Pushes racks of cured meat to chill room. May stuff meat loaves into plastic casings, using horn (funnel-shaped tube). May record weight and amount of meat cured. May steam-clean smoke chambers and heating coils, and remove ash.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

525.684-010 BONER, MEAT (meat products) alternate titles: ribber

Cuts bones from standard cuts of meat, such as chucks, hams, loins, plates, rounds, and shanks to prepare meat for packing and marketing, using knife and meat hook: Inserts knife in meat around bones to separate meat, fat, or tissue. Pulls and twists bones loose from meat. Cuts and trims such meat cuts as butts, hams, flanks, and shoulders to shape meat and remove fat and defects. Trims meat from bones and ribs. May pull bones and skin from cooked pigs feet, and cut out toe bones and nails. May be designated according to cut of meat boned as Blade Boner (meat products); Chuck Boner (meat products); Ham Boner (meat products); or type of animal boned as Beef Boner (meat products); Hog Ribber (meat products); Sheep Boner (meat products). May be designated: Loin Boner (meat products); Plate Boner (meat products); Rib Boner (meat products); Round Boner (meat products); Shank Boner (meat products); Shoulder Boner (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

525.684-014 BUTCHER, FISH (can. & preserv.)

Butchers eviscerated frozen, fresh, and salted fish for marketing or further processing: Dumps containers of fish into fresh water tank for cleaning. Places cleaned fish on table or bench. Trims off fins and tails, removes skin, and cuts fish into pieces of specified size, using knife or bandsaw. Sorts pieces according to color and texture.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-018 CARCASS SPLITTER (meat products)

Performs any combination of following tasks involved in dismembering and cutting up hog, veal, beef, and other animal carcasses to facilitate handling preparatory to marketing or further processing, using knife, cleavers, hand and power saws, and other cutting tools: Saws or cuts through pelvic area of animal, and splits belly to expose and remove viscera. Splits suspended carcass in half lengthwise along backbone of beef sides, and smooths and shapes beef with paddle. Saws ribs along interior of hog carcasses to facilitate removal of loins and ribs. Cuts, cleaves, or saws carcass sections to sever forequarters, hindquarters, shoulders, rumps, legs, and other parts. Saws trimmed bones, such as skulls, ribs, and legs, into pieces preparatory to processing into byproducts. May be known according to type or part of animal cut as Aitchbone Breaker (meat products); Beef Ribber (meat products); Bone Sawyer (meat products); Breast Sawyer (meat products); Ham Sawyer (meat products); Hog Sawyer (meat products). May be designated: Rump Sawyer (meat products); Shoulder Sawyer (meat products); Side Splitter (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.684-022 CRAB BUTCHER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: crab backer

Butchers live crabs preparatory to canning: Grips crab with both hands and impales it on stationary spike. Twists, pulls, and detaches crab body from back, leaving back on knife. Wipes off gills and viscera and tosses crab body in vat of water. Pulls crab back from knife and discards it.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-026 FINAL-DRESSING CUTTER (meat products)

Cuts out defective portions of dressed animal carcasses, following established procedures: Trims or skins carcass to remove residual blood, fat, hair, ragged edges, and overscalded skin, using knife. Cuts condemned parts, such as broken bones and bruised flesh, from carcass under direction of government inspector, using knife, cleaver and saw. May cut up condemned animals for rendering. May be designated according to work area as Final-Rail Cutter (meat products); Retaining-Room Cutter (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

525.684-030 FISH CLEANER (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.) alternate titles: dress-gang worker; fish cutter; fish dresser

Cleans fish aboard ship or ashore, performing any combination of following tasks, alone or as member of crew: Scrapes scales from fish with knife. Cuts or rips fish from vent to throat with knife, and tears out viscera and gills. Cuts off head of fish with knife, drops head in tub, and slides fish along table to next worker. Washes blood from abdominal cavity by dropping fish in tub of water or by use of hose, and removes discolored membrane from abdomen lining with knife, spoon, scraper, glove, or piece of burlap. Cuts gashes along sides of fish to facilitate salt penetration during curing. Cuts fish behind gill slits, draws knife along backbone and ribs to free fillet (boneless portion of flesh), lays fillet skinside down on table, and draws knife laterally between skin and flesh to remove skin. Slices flesh from bones in fletches (longitudinal quarter sections) for further processing into boneless slices of fish. Unloads catch from fishing vessels [LABORER, WHARF (can. & preserv.) 922.687-062]. May pack fish in containers. May remove slime from fish preparatory to canning and be designated Slimer (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.). May clean, dress, wrap, label, and store fish for guests at resort establishments and be designated Fish Housekeeper (hotel & rest.). May fillet fish and be designated Fish Filleter (can. & preserv.; fishing & hunt.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

525.684-034 HEAD TRIMMER (meat products) alternate titles: head boner; templer, head

Trims meat, glands, and organs from carcass heads for use in making meat products or processing for medicinal use or byproducts, performing any combination of following tasks: Places head on table or in holding hooks and trims skin and meat from jaw, jowls, and skull with knife. Cuts fat from lean meat and drops it into containers. Inserts knife into mouth cavity to cut and remove tongue. Trims fat, ragged edges, veins, and bruises from tongue. Cuts and pulls hog snout from head, using knife and snout-pulling machine. Pulls jaw from skull, using jaw pulling machine, bar, or chisel. Places skull on block and splits it with automatic splitter or cleaver. Removes brains, pituitary gland, and other parts, and places them in separate trays. Removes horns from head, using shears. May be known according to duty performed as Brain Picker (meat products); Chiseler, Head (meat products); Jawbone Breaker (meat products); Jowl Trimmer (meat products); Snout Puller (meat products); Splitter, Head (meat products); Temple-Meat Cutter (meat products); Tongue Cutter (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.684-038 OFFAL SEPARATOR (meat products)

Separates edible portions of animal viscera from offal, performing any combination of following tasks: Cuts away such organs and glands from adjoining tissue as heart, sweetbreads, stomach, spleen, gall bladder, liver, and thyroid, using knife. Skins outer tissue of bung gut with fingers. Washes parts and places them in containers. Cuts off ends of oxtails and trims loose tissues, using knife and rotary brush. Trims excess fat and tissue from muscles, intestines, and organs, using knife. Separates membrane from gullet and windpipe, inner lining from stomach, and small intestines from large. Flushes intestines and bladders with water hose and squeezes them to remove water, slime, and foreign matter. Weighs and sorts viscera, according to condition, and discards diseased or damaged parts. Bleaches casings (intestines) by soaking them in salt solution. Stamps plant identification number on edible organs, using rubber stamp. Brands tails and tongues with electric iron. May tend machine that washes viscera and flesh parts. May grind meat. May be known according to functions performed or part of viscera processed as Beef-Pluck Trimmer (meat products); Bladder Trimmer (meat products); Bung Grader (meat products); Casing Puller (meat products); Liver Trimmer (meat products); Lung Splitter (meat products); Viscera Washer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-042 POULTRY KILLER (meat products) alternate titles: sticker

Severs jugular vein with knife to slaughter suspended fowl passing on overhead conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-046 SKINNER (meat products)

Skins sections of animals or whole animals, such as cattle, sheep, and hogs, performing any combination of following tasks as member of a crew: Slits skin on head of carcass, and pulls and cuts connective tissue until head and neck are exposed, using knife. Severs head from carcass of animal, using knife and cleaver and places it on racks for inspection. Trims meat or fat from head skins. Slits remaining hide on carcass from breastbone to crotch. Pulls, cuts, and forces hand between hide and carcass to break connective tissue and separate it from neck, sides, shoulders, flanks, back, and tail of suspended carcass. Breaks and severs legs at knee joint, and removes such parts as dew claws, bungs, tails, and genital organs. Raises cattle from floor, using hoist, and pulls hide off carcass by hand or using pinchers. Severs and exposes gullet and windpipe on small stock, using knife, and ties gullet to prevent leakage of fluid when viscera is removed. Slits womb of cattle with knife to remove slunk (unborn calf). Shackles neck of slunk and pulls off skin, using winch. May saw brisket bone on cattle. May skin pork, using drawknife. May be designated according to kind of animal or portion of carcass skinned as Backer (meat products); Calf Skinner (meat products); Cattle Header (meat products); Slunk Skinner (meat products). May be designated: Cattle Dropper And Pritcher (meat products); Leg Skinner (meat products); Shoulder Puncher (meat products); Small-Stock Facer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-050 STICKER, ANIMAL (meat products)

Severs jugular vein of previously stunned animals with knife to prepare animals for butchering: Positions neck of animal suspended from overhead rail or shackled on table for sticking. Thrusts knife into throat of animal and twists blade to locate and sever jugular vein. May shackle and suspend animal before sticking [SHACKLER (meat products)]. May sever head and remove skin with knife, after blood has drained. May be designated according to animal killed as Calf Sticker (meat products); Cattle Sticker (meat products); Hog Sticker (meat products); Sheep Sticker (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.684-054 TRIMMER, MEAT (meat products)

Trims fat, skin, tendons, tissues, and ragged edges from meat cuts, such as loins, spareribs, butts, hams, rounds, sirloins, fillets, and chops, using meat-hook and knife: Trims meat and fat from bones and places trimmings and bones in separate containers. Trims fatback from hog bellies and cuts bellies into specified shapes, using knife. Feeds bacon bellies through rolls to flatten bellies to prescribed thickness. May wash or scrape dirt and blood from meat. May be designated according to section of meat trimmed as Belly Trimmer (meat products); Butt Trimmer (meat products); Fatback Trimmer (meat products); Loin Trimmer (meat products); Spareribs Trimmer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.684-058 TURKEY-ROLL MAKER (meat products)

Cuts, bones, and sews parts of eviscerated turkeys together to form turkey roll, using knife and needle and thread: Cuts legs, wings, thighs, and whole skin from turkey and sews together wing holes in carcass. Cuts breast meat from bones and sews two portions of meat together. Rolls meat, places roll on opened turkey skin, overlaps skin on meat, and sews ends together to form roll.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.685-010 BAND-SAW OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends electrically powered bandsaw that cuts portions from hams to prepare hams for smoking, curing, or packing processes: Lifts ham from meat tank onto saw table, using meat hook. Presses button to start saw and adjusts saw gauges according to size of ham. Pushes and guides ham into saw blade by hand or with wooden device to cut shank from ham or to remove tip from shank. Pushes sawed meat onto conveyor for further processing. May tend bandsaw that cuts poultry into serving pieces for packaging.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.685-014 CASING-RUNNING-MACHINE TENDER (meat products) alternate titles: casing runner; shirring tender

Tends machine that gathers casings into short lengths on horns (metal nozzles of sausage-stuffing machine) to facilitate stuffing of casings with emulsified meat: Places reel of flattened casings on holder of gathering machine. Threads casing between feed rollers, onto tube, and onto take-up reel. Starts machine that automatically expands and rounds casings. Cuts rounded casings from reel into specified lengths, using cutting attachment on machine. Places horn over water pipe, fits casing over end of horn, and turns valve to flow water through pipe and into casing to facilitate gathering of casing on horn. Places horn between two cone-shaped rollers which force and gather casing lengths over horn. Removes loaded horn and places horn in container.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.685-018 DEHAIRING-MACHINE TENDER (meat products)

Tends equipment that dehairs slaughtered hogs preparatory to dressing: Turns steam and water valves to fill scalding tank with water and heat it to specified temperature. Starts machine conveyors, and releases hogs shackled to overhead rail to drop them into tank by tripping lever on shackle or prying shackle loose with steel bar. Pushes hogs through vat and into dehairing machine, using pole, or hooks hog's leg to conveyor chain that pulls hog through tank and dehairing machine. May cut slit in leg to expose tendon for hooking to conveyor chain. Opens exit door of machine and pulls carcass onto conveyor. May be known according to specific task performed as Dropper, Dehairing Machine (meat products); Feed-in Tender, Dehairing Machine (meat products); Pull-Through Hooker (meat products); Scalder (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.685-022 HIDE PULLER (meat products)

Tends machine that pulls hides from carcass: Pulls lever to position clamps on each side of carcass. Places ends of hide previously separated from carcass into clamps and pulls lever to lock hide in place. Starts machine that forces carcass forward, tearing off hide. Rips brisket open to expose viscera, using portable power saw.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.685-026 POULTRY-PICKING MACHINE TENDER (meat products)

Tends machines that scald, remove feathers, singe, and wash slaughtered poultry preparatory to eviscerating and disjointing: Adjusts clearance between revolving brushes of machine to achieve maximum feather removal without bruising or tearing skin of poultry. Scans poultry emerging from picking machines to determine if poultry are scalded to specifications and turns steam valves to increase or decrease temperature levels.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.685-030 SKIN-PEELING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends machine that removes cellophane or plastic covering from smoked meat products, such as link-sausages, frankfurters, and wieners, to produce skinless variety: Turns setscrews to adjust skinning mechanism according to size of product. Starts machine and feeds strand of linked-meat into machine. Peels remaining fragments of covering from product, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.686-010 CASING CLEANER (meat products)

Feeds animal intestines into machine rollers that prepares them for use as sausage casings: Soaks intestines in vats of warm water to loosen waste matter and deposits. Separates soaked intestines and removes loosened matter. Feeds intestines between crushing and finishing rolls that strip (squeezes out) lime, fat, and mucus, and roll casing into shape. Measures and ties casings into bundles, and packs bundles in salt for shipment. Unpacks cured casings and soaks them for subsequent processing into sausage casings. May clean and flush animal stomachs for use as casings. May adjust tension on machine rollers. May be designated according to function performed as Casing Packer (meat products); Casing Soaker (meat products); or machine tended as Casing-Machine Operator (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.686-014 CONVEYOR LOADER II (meat products)

Guides dehaired hogs from stationary rail to moving chain conveyor. Lifts first stop bar to allow specified number of dehaired hogs to roll along suspended rail to second stop bar and then lowers bar. Lifts second stop bar and pushes specified number of hogs into moving chain conveyor. May remove empty gambrels (hog-suspended attachments) from hogs and place them on return conveyor. May be designated according to type of conveyor loaded as Cooler-Conveyor Loader (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.686-018 HEAD-MACHINE FEEDER (meat products)

Feeds machines that automatically pull snouts or jawbones from hog heads and split heads to prepare meat for further processing: Cuts jawbone joints and sides and front of snout to prepare parts for pulling process, using knife. Positions and holds head on bed of automatic machines to pull snout or jawbone from head or to split head in half. May trim cheek meat from head with knife subsequent to removal of jawbone.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.686-022 SKINNING-MACHINE FEEDER (meat products)

Feeds machine that skins pork pieces, such as fatbacks, jowls, hams, and bacon, preparatory to curing: Turns crank to raise or lower knife according to thickness of meat. Places unskinned piece on conveyor that moves it under machine knife that skins meat. Trims remaining skin fragments with knife. May skin pork by hand, using drawknife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-010 ANIMAL EVISCERATOR (meat products) alternate titles: gutter

Eviscerates cattle, hogs, lambs, and small animals, performing any combination of following tasks: Slits body cavity of carcass, reaches inside abdominal cavity and cuts membranes holding intestines. Inserts spiral rod in gullet to sever gullet and windpipe from other neck tissue. Cuts bung from intestines and ties intestines, bladder, bung, and gullet to prevent leakage of contents. Pulls intestines from carcass, trims off fat, and dumps them into gut truck or conveyor pan. Cuts out glands, ovaries, sweetbreads, liver, heart, lungs, kidneys, spleen, and spermatic cord, places them on conveyor, in containers, or throws them down chute. Cuts bruises, blemishes, and ragged tissue from carcass. Cuts skin from tail to shoulders to bisect carcass. Severs head from carcass. May wash viscera and carcass, using hose. Patches leaks in intestines, using skewer. May break and bind hoofs of lambs or sheep. May be designated according to function performed as Bruise Trimmer (meat products); Leak Patcher (meat products); Weasand Rodder (meat products); or part of animal eviscerated as Belly Opener (meat products); Bung Dropper (meat products); Bung-Gut Tier (meat products). May be designated: Caul-Fat Puller (meat products); Gut Puller (meat products); Gut Sorter (meat products); Leaf-Fat Scraper (meat products); Rabbit Dresser (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.687-014 CASING SPLITTER (meat products)

Slits cured intestines lengthwise, using knife. Presses intestines flat and stacks them in piles for subsequent production of surgical sutures and violin and tennis racket strings.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-018 CONVEYOR LOADER I (meat products)

Pulls spreads (metal rods inserted in breast of hog halves to separate parts and allow circulation of air) from breast of suspended hog halves preparatory to storage in cooling room. Drops spreads into barrel. Pushes halves along overhead monorail to chain conveyor which carries halves into cooler. May count and record number of halves processed.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-022 COOLER ROOM WORKER (meat products)

Stores and prepares dressed meat for further processing or shipment, performing any combination of tasks in cooler room of slaughtering plant: Examines carcasses to determine condition of meat, such as hardness, softness, and oiliness prior to cutting. Records information on inspection tag. Weighs carcass on conveyor scale and records weight on production sheet. Trims excess fat from meat, using knife. Cuts carcasses into quarters, using knife and meat saw. Stamps predetermined grade on meat, using rubber stamp, and attaches date tags. Brands carcasses and meat products with electric iron. Pushes carcasses, or meat cuts, suspended from conveyor, from killing and dressing floor to cooler room or between departments. Separates cuts of meat according to weight, and grade. Pushes truck, filled with pieces of meat, glands, and organs, into cooling room and places them in pans or hangs them on racks. Transports containers of tallow to cooler room and other departments, using handtruck. Carries meat from shipping platform and loads it into delivery truck. Places trolleys on conveyor rails, and cleans and greases rails. Washes floor and containers with hose and shovels fresh sawdust onto floor. May shroud carcasses [SHROUDER (meat products)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-026 DRY CURER (meat products) alternate titles: salter

Cures meat products, such as pork, ham, bacon, or casings preparatory to smoking: Pushes sacks of such materials as sugar, sodium nitrate, and salt to curing room, using handtruck or cart. Weighs out specified amounts of materials and mixes them by hand or in mixing machine. Packs and arranges meat in boxes, vats, tierces, or piles, and sprinkles mixture over each layer. Sweeps excess mixture from meat with broom. Rearranges layers after specified time to circulate air around meat. Dips ham hocks in brine solution, sprinkles soda on them, and hangs them on rack for curing. May be designated according to product cured as Belly Packer (meat products); Casing Salter (meat products); Ham-Hock Mopper (meat products); Salt-Bellies Overhauler (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-030 GAMBRELER (meat products) alternate titles: hanger-off

Hangs animal carcasses on overhead rail preparatory to dressing: Slits skin to expose tendons in hind ankles, using knife, and inserts $T3gamb stick$T1 (hooked metal or wooden rod) between tendon and ankle bone to spread legs. Hooks gamb stick to trolley on overhead rail and pushes carcasses to next work station. Cuts flesh between toes of carcass and removes toenails.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-034 GAMBRELER HELPER (meat products)

Supplies GAMBRELER (meat products) with $T3gamb sticks$T1 and moves animal carcasses to dressing stations: Removes gamb sticks from overhead conveyor and stacks them for use by GAMBRELER (meat products). Places trolley (two-wheeled device equipped with hanger to which gamb sticks are hooked) onto overhead conveyor rail so that carcasses can be hung. Positions animal carcasses on table or overhead conveyor. Pushes carcass on overhead rail to various dressing stations. May slit leg tendons on carcass, using knife, to facilitate insertion of gamb sticks.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-038 HIDE HANDLER (meat products; oils & grease) alternate titles: hide selector; pelt salter; salt spreader

Salts (cures) and trims hides to prepare hides for storage or shipment, performing any combination of following tasks: Spreads hides, flesh side up, in layers on pile. Shovels and spreads salt over each layer of hides to preserve (cure) hides. Drags cured hides from pile and strikes hide against table to remove caked salt or sweeps salt from hides, using broom. Trims ears, ragged edges, snout skin, tail, and excess flesh from hide, using knife. Folds hides, flesh side inward, and ties cord around bundle. May scan hides for defects, such as holes and brandmarks. May be designated according to duty performed as Hide Salter (meat products; oils & grease); Hide Shaker (meat products; oils & grease); Hide Spreader (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-042 HIDE INSPECTOR (meat products) alternate titles: green-hide inspector; hide grader; pelt inspector

Inspects animal hides, pelts, and slunk (unborn animal) skins for blemishes and grades them according to condition, size, and weight: Spreads hides, pelts, or skins on floor and examines or probes them with wooden skewer to detect defects, such as grub holes, cuts, brands, and residual meat and fat to determine grade. Outlines defective areas on diagram. Records grade of hide on tag according to condition, size, and weight, and attaches tag to hide. May trim excess fat from flesh, and cut off snout, ears, and tail, using knife. May place hides in curing vat. May remove pituitary gland from split sheep skull, using knife. May weigh hides on platform scale. May record number and types of grades of hides on production sheets.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.687-046 HIDE TRIMMER (meat products; oils & grease) alternate titles: beamer; selector

Trims and cleans animal hides, using knife: Places hide on table and cuts off superfluous fat, flesh, ragged edges, and parts, such as ears, snout, skin, and tail. Spreads hide on floor, skin side up, to prepare them for inspection. May separate hides according to size, weight, and condition. May be designated according to animal hide trimmed as Calfskin Trimmer (meat products); Cow Trimmer (meat products); Pigskin Trimmer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

525.687-050 NECK SKEWER (meat products) alternate titles: neck pinner

Pushes skewer into neck meat of suspended beef halves to pin flabby meat together after head has been removed. May roll shrouded carcass with handtool to give it a smooth appearance.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-054 OFFAL ICER, POULTRY (meat products)

Shovels ice into chicken offal (waste parts) container to cool waste and retard spoilage. Loads and removes containers, using handtruck. May tend baling machine to bale wet feathers.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-058 ORDER RUNNER (meat products)

Prepares smoked meat for packing and further processing, performing any combination of following duties: Removes specified smoked meats from bins and racks, and places them on conveyor leading to packing room. Wipes salt and moisture from smoked hams. Inserts hooks in smoked meats and hangs them on racks for further processing.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-062 PAINTER, DEPILATORY (meat products)

Prepares sheep pelts for removal of wool: Positions pelt on table, hair side down, and brushes depilatory solution on pelt to loosen wool. Folds pelt and hangs it on hook to dry. Loads handtruck with dried pelts and pushes it to WOOL PULLER (leather mfg.; meat products).
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-066 POULTRY BONER (meat products)

Cuts, scrapes and pulls meat from cooked poultry carcasses, using fingers and boning knife: Pulls wings and drumsticks from carcasses. Cuts along each side of breast plate, using knife, and peels meat from breast, using hands. Pulls and scrapes meat from rest of carcass, using knife and hands. Segregates light and dark meat into separate piles. Discards wastes, such as skin, bones, and gristle, into waste containers.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-070 POULTRY DRESSER (agriculture; meat products) alternate titles: tipper

Slaughters and dresses fowl in preparation for marketing, performing any combination of following tasks: Chops off bird's head or slits bird's throat to slaughter bird, using knife. Hangs bird by feet to drain blood. Dips bird into scalding water to loosen feathers. Holds bird against projecting rubber fingers of rotating drum to remove feathers. Cuts bird open, removes viscera, and washes bird and giblets. May pluck chickens by hand. May be designated according to type of fowl dressed as Chicken Dresser (meat products); Turkey Dresser (meat products). May be known according to specific duties performed as Poultry Picker (meat products); Poultry Scalder (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-074 POULTRY EVISCERATOR (meat products)

Butchers and processes poultry performing any combination of following tasks: Severs legs at first joint, using knife, and drops legs into container. Slits breast skin, removes crop, and places crop on conveyor. Removes oil sack and slits abdominal wall with knife. Grasps carcass with hands, opens abdominal cavity, and pulls out viscera. Separates and washes liver, heart, and viscera and drops them into trays. Cuts around anus to remove remaining viscera and drops it onto conveyor. Holds gizzard over machine rollers to remove skin and drops it into washer. Trims fat from giblet meat with knife and places meat and fat in trays. May be designated according to part of poultry processed as Foot Cutter (meat products); Gizzard-Skin Remover (meat products); or kind of poultry cleaned as Chicken Cleaner (meat products); Turkey Cleaner (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-078 POULTRY HANGER (meat products)

Shackles and suspends live or slaughtered poultry from conveyor for killing, scalding, removal of feathers or cleaning. Removes live poultry from shipping crates, or picks up slaughtered birds from platforms and chilling vats and hangs them by feet, neck, or wings on shackles of conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-082 POULTRY-DRESSING WORKER (meat products)

Weighs, wraps, and prepares poultry for shipment or storage, performing any combination of following tasks: Loads dressed poultry into carts in layers, and shovels ice between layers to prevent spoilage. Pushes filled cart to and from cold storage room. Wraps dressed poultry in paper and packs it in shipping container. Weighs poultry and marks weight on container. May shovel ice into cooling machines. May load trucks. May wrap heads of poultry in paper. May remove crops with knife and sew eviscerated poultry, using needle and twine. May hang or stack cases of dressed poultry in cold storage room.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-086 SHACKLER (meat products) alternate titles: hanger

Chains hind legs of stunned animals, such as cattle, sheep, and hogs, to hoist or conveyor that suspends animals for slaughtering process. May place trolley hooks or $T3gamb stick$T1 in leg tendon of animal to raise them.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-090 SHACTOR HELPER (meat products)

Lifts head of animal suspended from conveyor to facilitate examining and throat-cutting by official as prescribed by Jewish law. Pushes animal over bleeding trough after cut has been made.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-094 SHAVER (meat products)

Removes hair and dirt from hog carcasses preparatory to further processing or marketing, performing any combination of following tasks: Shaves and scrapes suspended carcasses to remove dirt and hair, using knife and scraper. Pulls off toenails, using hook. Pulls lever to dip suspended hog into resin tank and peels off hardened resin to remove hair. Applies hot resin with brush to remove remaining hair. May remove eyelids, feet, and bruised areas with knife. May slit ankle joints for insertion of gambrel sticks for hanging carcass prior to shaving. May be designated according to specific activity performed as Resin Worker (meat products); Toe Puller (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-098 SINGER (meat products)

Singes hair from carcasses of suspended hogs to prepare them for further processing, using torch. Inserts end of butcher's steel in nostril of hog to remove hair. May be designated according to part of hog singed as Hog-Head Singer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-102 SKIN GRADER (meat products) alternate titles: skin bundler

Transfers hog-back skins from vat to grading table and measures size and length of skin on graduated grading board. Separates skins according to size.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-106 SLUNK-SKIN CURER (meat products)

Cures slunk (unborn calf) skins in vat of brine solution: Turns valve to fill vat with water and adds salt. Places slunk skins in vat and stirs them with pole to ensure complete curing. Removes cured skins from vat and rolls them into ball or places them in barrel for shipment.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-110 STEAMER (meat products)

Sprays steam on suspended hog carcasses to remove hair and dirt (scurf).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-114 STUNNER, ANIMAL (meat products)

Stuns animals, such as cattle, hogs, sheep, or goats, preparatory to slaughtering: Opens gate to allow animal to enter knocking pen or chute. Moves levers to close squeezing mechanism that immobilizes animal. Stuns animal by striking it on forehead with sledgehammer, pneumatic hammer, or cartridge-firing stunning device; by shooting it in head; or by placing electric shocking device against head of animal. Pulls levers to tilt floor of pen and slide animal onto killing floor, or onto conveyors leading to sticking and shackling tables. May stick, shackle, and suspend animals from overhead conveyors or rails [SHACKLER (meat products); STICKER, ANIMAL (meat products)]. May assist in driving animals into knocking pen or chute.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-118 TIER (meat products) alternate titles: roast tier

Rolls and ties cuts of meat to form roasts: Places cut of meat on table and rolls meat into circular shape. Forces skewer threaded with twine through roll of meat at various points to hold roll in place. Knots and cuts twine.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

525.687-122 WASHER, CARCASS (meat products)

Sprays suspended animal carcasses with water hose to wash off blood and dirt and pushes carcass along overhead rail to next work station. May brush or scrape off foreign matter. May shroud carcass [SHROUDER (meat products)].
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

525.687-126 CRAB MEAT PROCESSOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: crab picker

Performs any combination of following tasks in processing crab meat for canning, freezing, or packing: Separates claws from crabs, positions claws in metal holder used to facilitate breaking claw shells, and breaks shells of claws and crabs, using knife or metal rod. Picks meat from shells, using knife and fingers. Feels meat for presence of shell and removes shell pieces by hand. Inspects meat for discoloration and discards meat not meeting company requirements. Places meat in containers for further processing. Gathers filled containers of meat, places containers on scale, and adds or removes meat from containers to obtain specified weight. Closes lids of containers, places containers in cartons, and seals cartons, using tape. May disjoint legs and body of large crabs, using power saw, and be known as Sawyer (can. & preserv.). May remove crab meat from smaller ends of leg segments, using pedal-controlled air jet, and be known as Blower (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

526 COOKING AND BAKING OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with treating components or products with heat to affect such characteristics as flavor, color, edibility, consistency, and texture.

526.131-010 BAKERY SUPERVISOR (bakery products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing, dividing, molding, and proofing of dough, and in baking, slicing, and wrapping of bread, pastries, and other bakery products: Examines dough and batter for specified consistency. Reads charts of fermentation room and ovens to verify specified humidity and temperature. Oversees operation of automatic machinery, such as rounding, curling, icing, slicing, and wrapping machines to ensure maintenance of specified quality standards and production schedules. Sets up and adjusts wrapping and slicing machines. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to product as Bread Supervisor (bakery products); Cake Supervisor (bakery products).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

526.134-010 COOK, MEXICAN FOOD (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing, cooking, portioning, and packaging ready-to-serve Mexican food specialties, such as chili, tamales, enchiladas, and tacos (seasoned chili beans wrapped in tortillas): Requisitions ingredients, such as meat, olives, chili, garlic, and spices from storeroom. Directs activities of workers engaged in feeding and tending grinding and mixing machines, rolling, cutting, and baking tortillas, and stirring and tending food in cooking vessels. Tastes foods to determine that they meet seasoning specifications. Supervises workers engaged in portioning and packaging foods. Frequently performs duties of workers supervised. May be designated according to food cooked as Cook, Chili (food prep., nec); Cook, Enchilada (food prep., nec); Cook, Taco (food prep., nec); Cook, Tamale (food prep., nec); Cook, Tortilla (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

526.137-010 POTATO-CHIP-PROCESSING SUPERVISOR (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in peeling and slicing potatoes, frying potato slices, and inspecting fried potato chips: Examines incoming shipments of potatoes to detect rotten and diseased potatoes. Tests sample of potatoes in container of water to determine solidity content (degree of solidity) of potatoes, using Nicholson hydrometer (instrument used to measure specific gravity of a solid). Inserts thermometer into potato to determine temperature of potato shipment. Routes sample of potatoes from each shipment to POTATO-CHIP FRIER (food prep., nec). Rejects or accepts potato shipment based on color and crispness of fried chips, number of defective potatoes in shipment, and solidity content and temperature of potatoes. Inspects potato chips to verify conformance to standards. Inventories and requisitions supplies. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

526.381-010 BAKER (bakery products)

Mixes and bakes ingredients according to recipes to produce breads, pastries, and other baked goods: Measures flour, sugar, shortening, and other ingredients to prepare batters, doughs, fillings, and icings, using scale and graduated containers [DOUGH MIXER (bakery products) 520.685-234]. Dumps ingredients into mixing-machine bowl or steam kettle to mix or cook ingredients according to specifications. Rolls, cuts, and shapes dough to form sweet rolls, piecrust, tarts, cookies, and related products preparatory to baking. Places dough in pans, molds, or on sheets and bakes in oven or on grill. Observes color of products being baked and turns thermostat or other controls to adjust oven temperature. Applies glaze, icing, or other topping to baked goods, using spatula or brush. May specialize in baking one type of product, such as breads, rolls, pies, or cakes. May decorate cakes [CAKE DECORATOR (bakery products) 524.381-010]. May develop new recipes for cakes and icings.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 80

526.381-014 BAKER APPRENTICE (bakery products)

Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

526.381-018 BAKER, TEST (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: baker, laboratory; flour tester

Bakes loaves of bread to verify adherence of blended flour to specifications: Weighs equal portions of test flour and standard flour. Mixes flour and other ingredients and makes batch of dough from each flour. Records mixing formula and observes water absorption and kneading qualities of each batch to ensure that flour conforms to specifications. Places loaves in oven. Examines and compares baked loaves for uniformity of color and texture. Weighs each loaf and records weights. May prepare written reports of findings.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

526.381-022 CAKE TESTER (grain-feed mills)

Bakes samples of premixes, such as cake, biscuit, muffin and pancake to test batch prior to packaging: Mixes ingredients and bakes in oven. Examines baked cake for color, texture, and density. Records findings on worksheet and determines if cake passes standards. Issues approval slip for batch meeting standards. Notifies plant chemist if batch does not meet standards. May test ingredients to determine cause of cake failure.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

526.381-026 COOK, KETTLE (beverage; can. & preserv.; grain-feed mills) alternate titles: cook; cooker; cook, pressure

Cooks fruits, vegetables, meats, condiments, or fish products, preparatory to canning or extraction of byproducts, using cooking equipment: Weighs or measures ingredients according to recipe, using scale or graduated container. Loads ingredients into kettle or pressure cooker. Observes thermometer and gauges, turns valve to admit steam to pressure cookers or lights gas burner to heat and cook contents of kettles. Stirs mixture in kettle to blend and prevent scorching of contents, using hand or power-driven paddles. Observes cooking process or tests batch liquor with viscosimeter or hydrometer to verify viscosity or specific gravity and to ascertain completeness of cooking process. Starts pump, opens valve, or tilts or scoops contents of kettle into container to unload cooked contents. May test batch for sugar content, using refractometer. May mix ingredients prior to cooking. May be designated according to material cooked as Cook, Fish Eggs (can. & preserv.); Cook, Fruit (can. & preserv.); Cook, Jelly (can. & preserv.); Cook, Juice (can. & preserv.); Cook, Sauce (can. & preserv.); Cook, Starch (can. & preserv.). May be designated: Cook, Mayonnaise (can. & preserv.); Cook, Pickled Meat (can. & preserv.); Cook, Preserve (can. & preserv.); Cook, Seafood (can. & preserv.); Cook, Spaghetti (can. & preserv.); Cook, Vegetable (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

526.382-010 CONCHE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: conche loader and unloader

Operates conche machine to heat and agitate refined chocolate mass with cocoa butter to enrich color, flavor, and texture: Pumps specified amount of chocolate mixture into steam-heated stationary tank or rotary drum. Meters out specified amount of such ingredients as cocoa butter or flavorings. Turns steam valves and adjusts thermostat to heat contents of tank or drum to specified temperature. Pushes lever to start agitators and rotate drum. Pushes levers to change rate of agitation, drum rotation, and temperature, following specified time cycles. Observes and tastes mixture to evaluate conformity to standard and sends sample to laboratory for analysis. Adjusts temperature, agitation speed and timing cycle, and adds ingredients, such as cocoa butter and lecithin, according to laboratory findings. Pumps mixture to storage tank.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.382-014 CONFECTIONERY COOKER (sugar & conf.)

Controls open-fire or steam-jacketed kettles or batch or continuous pressure cookers to cook candy, gum, or other confectionery ingredients according to formula: Weighs or measures ingredients, such as sugar, corn syrup, butter, and gum base, and adds them to cooking utensil. Starts agitators to mix ingredients. Turns valve to admit steam and sets pressure gauge and thermostat to cook ingredients at specified temperature. Feels batch for specified consistency and verifies percentage of sugar in syrup, using refractometer or hydrometer. Adjusts steam valve and heating element accordingly. Opens discharge valve and starts pump or tilts cooker or kettle to pour or dump confection into beaters or onto cooling belts or tables. May partially cook batch in open kettle and pump it into pressure cooker. May beat or knead confection to attain specified consistency, as determined by color and texture. May shovel fondant into remelt kettles and add measured amounts of flavoring and coloring. May be designated according to type of confectionery cooked as Bonbon-Cream Warmer (sugar & conf.); Crystal-Syrup Maker (sugar & conf.); Coconut Cooker (sugar & conf.); Fondant Cooker (sugar & conf.); Gum Maker (sugar & conf.); or equipment used as Vacuum-Cooker Operator (sugar & conf.). May be designated: Icing Maker (sugar & conf.); King Maker (sugar & conf.); Marshmallow Maker (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

526.382-018 CONVERTER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Controls converter to change starch into glucose or corn syrup, and tests products to verify purity (specified dextrose content): Turns valves to admit steam and water into converter. Introduces starch into converter so that cooking occurs as starch is added. Detects from sound of cooking process formation of paste, and adds acid, as necessary, to reduce viscosity. Closes converter and turns valve to attain specified pressure. Draws off samples, and makes standard iodine and alcohol titration tests. Turns valves to blow syrup into tank when tests indicate conversion is complete.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.382-022 MOLASSES AND CARAMEL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Controls equipment to cook liquid sugar to produce caramel coloring or molasses: Turns valves to fill vessels with liquid sugar and adds specified amounts of salts or caustic solution. Observes thermometers and gauges and turns valves to regulate steam pressure and cooking temperature in vessels. Draws samples of material and performs standard tests to ascertain acid content and specific gravity, and to verify color, using pH meter, hydrometer, and colorimeter. Records test results. Turns valves or starts pumps to transfer material to evaporator feed tanks, filter supply tanks, or to storage or tank cars. May tend filters to remove undesirable solids from caramel coloring.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.382-026 STEAM-OVEN OPERATOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: parboiler; steamer operator

Operates steam oven to parboil tuna fish loins preparatory to canning: Pushes racks of fish loins into oven chamber, and spaces racks to ensure free circulation of heat throughout oven. Closes oven doors and turns handwheel to secure and seal doors. Turns valves to admit steam into oven, observes temperature and pressure gauges, and adjusts valve settings to maintain temperature and pressure for specified time. Turns off heat, opens oven, and pulls racks of fish to cooling area.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.485-010 WORT EXTRACTOR (dairy products) alternate titles: malted-milk masher

Tends kettles and separating machines that cook mash and separate resulting liquid (wort): Assembles piping and starts pump or turns valve to start flow of mash from grinder to kettles. Places time and temperature chart in automatic recorder. Starts sweep to stir mash. Turns valve to admit steam into cooking kettle, observes pressure gauge, thermometer, and clock, and cooks mash for specified time at specified temperature. Drops iodine on mash sample and observes resulting color to determine if mash is sufficiently cooked. Records time and number of batches run. Turns valves to pump mash through centrifuge and vibrating filter to remove wort. Turns sparging valve to spray water over spent grain to recover remaining wort. Observes ammeter, thermometer, water and mash flowmeters and adjusts valves and pump pressure to prevent overloading of separating machines. Cleans kettles, piping, centrifuges, filters, and clarifiers. May pump spent grain through roller press to remove wort. May operate centrifuge to remove nonsoluble solids from wort. May push control panel button that automatically sets temperature.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.585-010 OVEN OPERATOR (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: flake-miller helper

Tends ovens and related equipment that toast cereal products, such as flakes, biscuits, and pellets: Lights gas burners and moves control levers to attain specified temperature in ovens. Starts conveyors that move cereal through oven. Inspects and feels cereal emerging from oven to determine whether specified color, blister, and consistency is maintained. Adjusts gas control lever, speed of conveyors, and opens or closes doors on side of oven. Pushes lever to direct unsuitable cereal into feed bin. Records bulk and production rate of product, noting time it takes to fill container, and weight of container.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.665-010 COOKER, PROCESS CHEESE (dairy products) alternate titles: cook blender

Tends vat to cook blended cheeses or cheese curd and other ingredients to make process cheese: Starts agitator and signals for cheese to be dropped into vat. Turns steam valve and observes thermometer to heat vat to specified temperature. Measures or weighs out prescribed ingredients, such as sodium citrate, disodium phosphate, and cream, using scale and measuring glass. Dumps ingredients into vat. Cooks mixture at specified temperature for specified time or observes consistency of mixture to determine when it is cooked to specifications. Pulls lever to drain cheese into hopper or bucket. May pump cheese through viscolizer to achieve finer texture. May mix unheated cheese or cheese curd and other ingredients to make cold pack cheese or creamed cheese and be designated Cream-Cheese Maker (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.665-014 KETTLE TENDER (beverage)

Tends brewing kettle that boils wort and hops preparatory to making beer: Opens valve and starts pump to transfer wort from filter tank to brewing kettle, or signals MASH-FILTER OPERATOR (beverage) to pump wort from filter tank into brewing kettle. Turns valve to admit steam into kettle steam jacket to boil wort. Dumps hops into boiling wort. Observes dials and gauges and adjusts controls to maintain specified pressure and temperature. Tests sample of wort from kettle for specific gravity, using hydrometer. Signals HOP STRAINER (beverage) or opens valve and starts pump to transfer unfiltered beer into hop-straining tank. Tallies and records barrels of wort processed. Cleans and rinses kettle, using high-pressure water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.682-010 BATTER SCALER (bakery products) alternate titles: batter depositor; depositing-machine operator; divider; scaling-machine operator

Operates machine that deposits measured amount of batter into baking pans as pans pass on conveyor: Dumps batter from mixing bowl into machine hopper, using hoist. Attaches depositing dies to machine and tightens, using wrench. Adjusts gauge on hopper to measure specified amount of batter. Weighs filled pans on balance scale to ensure conformity to standards. Removes filled pans from machine and places on racks. May be designated according to type of batter used as Cake-Batter Scaler (bakery products).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.682-014 COOK, DOG-AND-CAT FOOD (meat products)

Controls battery of steam-jacketed kettles that cook ingredients for preparation of dog and cat foods: Dumps or pours premeasured amounts of water and ground meat into kettles. Starts agitator to mix ingredients. Opens steam valve and observes thermometer reading to heat contents and to maintain specified temperature. Dumps specified amounts of seasoning, chemical solution, and grain into mixture at designated intervals. Opens valves to allow mixtures to circulate through other kettles. Observes mixture for required viscosity and closes valves upon completion of cooking cycle. Starts pumps to transfer contents from kettles to tank of filling machines.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.682-018 COOK, SYRUP MAKER (beverage)

Operates equipment to mix and cook ingredients to produce flavoring extracts and syrup: Scans formula sheet to determine proportion of ingredients required, such as sugar, water, and flavoring. Pushes buttons to admit automatically metered ingredients into blending tank and to activate mixer. Observes mixture to ensure that color and consistency conform to company specifications. Pushes buttons to pump mixture to cooking kettle. Opens valves to admit steam into pressure cooker to invert sugar, eliminate air, and sterilize syrup. Observes gauges and adjusts valves to regulate temperature and pressure while cooking mixture. Presses switch to activate paddles to stir mixture and prevent scorching. Tests batch to determine viscosity or specific gravity and sugar content, using viscometer, hydrometer, and refractometer. Presses switches to activate equipment to filter impurities and pump syrup into holding tanks. Maintains production records.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.682-022 DOUGHNUT-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: cruller maker, machine; doughnut-cooking-machine operator; fried-cake maker

Operates machine that shapes and fries doughnuts: Slides block of ejectors (cutters) into machine and tightens them, using wingnuts. Turns switch to heat frying tank to desired temperature. Mixes prepared ingredients with specified amount of water in mixing machine to form batter. Dumps batter into doughnut machine hopper, using chain hoist. Turns and adjusts valves to control air pressure for ejecting batter into frying tank and to regulate size of doughnuts, temperature and feed of grease, and speed of conveyor. Starts machine and observes color and verifies weight of doughnuts to ensure conformity to standards. Dismantles doughnut ejectors for cleaning. May melt and temper chocolate [CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (bakery products; grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.682-026 MALT ROASTER (beverage)

Controls gas-fired ovens to roast barley malt: Observes temperature gauges, and turns gas valves and ignition switches to start and heat ovens to specified temperatures. Opens slide gate of hopper to dump malt into oven. Sets timer to control roasting cycle. Shuts off ovens and opens water valves to drench roasted malt at end of cycle. Dumps malt in cooler tubs and pushes to cleaning machine. Starts conveyor that lifts and dumps malt into cleaning machine. Opens gate and valves to drop malt into storage bins for bagging.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.682-034 RETORT OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Controls retort chamber (steam pressure cooker) to cook canned foods according to specifications: Pushes trucks or lowers baskets using hoist, or presses buttons to start conveyorized flow of canned foods into chamber of retort. Closes retort door or lid, and turns wheels or moves levers to seal chamber. Observes dials and thermometers, and turns valves to admit steam to retort, and control temperature, pressure, and cooking time. Turns valves to release steam and admit cooling water into chamber to prevent overcooking at end of cooking cycle. May open retort and move basket of canned food to cooling trough, using hoist. May record items such as retort number, can size and grade designation, cooking time, and number of pounds pressure on canning report.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

526.684-010 DOUGHNUT MAKER (bakery products) alternate titles: baker, doughnut; cruller maker

Mixes, forms, and fries dough to produce doughnuts, according to work order: Dumps prepared doughnut mix into mixing-machine bowl, adds water and dehydrated eggs, and starts mixer. Turns switch on heating unit of frying tank and sets thermostat at specified temperature. Dumps dough from mixing bowl into hopper of doughnut cutter. Sets lever to control amount of dough that doughnut cutter will portion to frying tank. Moves cutter machine back and forth over frying tank and depresses trigger to eject individual doughnuts into hot cooking oil. Turns doughnuts over in tank, using stick. Lifts wire tray of fried doughnuts from tank and places it in glazing tank. Slides trough containing glazing syrup over doughnuts. May glaze doughnuts, using hand dipper. May roll dough with rolling pin and form doughnuts with hand cutter. May lower wire tray of uncooked doughnuts into fryer, using hooks. May tend automatic equipment that mixes, cuts, and fries doughnuts. May weigh cut dough and fried doughnuts to verify weight specifications, and adjust controls of equipment accordingly when weights vary from standards.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

526.684-014 LUMPIA WRAPPER MAKER (food prep., nec)

Mixes and fries dough to prepare $T3lumpia$T1 wrappers in establishment processing Philippine food specialties: Mixes premeasured ingredients by hand to prepare dough. Kneads dough to required consistency. Places griddle on stove to heat griddle. Shapes and spreads, by hand, specified amount of dough on heated griddle to cook and form lumpia wrappers. Removes cooked lumpia wrappers from griddle, using fingers, and stores wrappers for further processing or packaging. Periodically returns dough to freezer to maintain dough consistency. Cleans equipment and work area.
GOE: 05.10.08 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

526.685-010 COOK (meat products)

Tends equipment that bakes, boils, and deep-fat fries meats, such as ham, beef, liver, pork, sausage, tongues, and tripe, to prepare them for further processing: Turns valves to admit water or cooking oil into vat, and steam to heating vat. Observes gauge and turns valves to maintain specified temperature in vat. Loads vat with mesh bags, wire cages, metal molds, and sealed cans containing uncooked meat. Lifts cuts of meat from truck and loads them into vat. Suspends link sausages on holding fixtures in vat. Turns valve to drain vat, removes cooked meats, and places them on racks or in carts. Spreads sugar or honey over top of hams and places hams and other meat items in baking oven. May garnish hams with cherries and pineapple slices. May add gelatin and other ingredients, such as olives, pickles, and pimientos, to cooked meat and mix them by hand or in machine. Pours mixture into molds to form gelatinized meat loaf. May stuff meat loaves into plastic casings, using horn (funnel-shaped tube). May cook products, such as chili, souse, and head cheese. May remove bones and fat from cooked meat, using knife. May grind meat, using grinding machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-014 COOK, FRY, DEEP FAT (can. & preserv.; hotel & rest.)

Tends deep-fat cookers to fry meats, vegetables, or fish in cooking oil: Empties containers or opens valves to fill cookers with oil. Sets thermostat to heat oil to specified temperature. Empties containers of meat, vegetable, or fish into metal basket and immerses basket into vat manually or by hoist. Sets timer. Observes color at end of frying time to determine conformity to standards and extends frying time accordingly. Removes basket from cooker, drains it, and dumps contents onto tray. May dip foods into batter or dye before frying. May specialize in a particular food product for canning or freezing or may fry variety of foods for immediate consumption.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-018 COOK, VACUUM KETTLE (can. & preserv.)

Tends vacuum cooker and open kettle to cook fruit and berries preparatory to making jams and jellies: Observes thermometer, turns rheostat and steam valve, or pushes switch or lights burner to heat vacuum cooker and open kettle to specified temperature. Turns valve to transfer contents of kettle into vacuum cooker. Observes refractometer on vacuum cooker to determine sugar content and adds ingredients according to formula. Places container under discharge outlet of distillation jacket of cooker to reclaim esters. Opens valve or starts pump to transfer contents of vacuum cooker to holding tank or filling machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-022 COOKER (grain-feed mills)

Tends steam-heated pressure cookers to cook cracked and tempered grain for further processing into cereal products: Presses button to load first cooker with measured amount of grain and liquid flavor. Clamps lid of cooker in place, using wrench. Moves dials and turns valves to attain specified temperature and pressure in cooker. Removes lid of cooker and dumps cooked grain onto conveyor after determining that grain has reached specified color and consistency. Records cooking time and number of batches prepared. May start automatic equipment that admits steam, rotates cooker, and stops cooker after specified time.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-026 CORN POPPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: popcorn maker; popped-corn oven attendant

Tends one or more gas ovens to pop corn: Lights ovens and starts rotating cone- or drum-shaped perforated oven. Dumps measured amount of corn into oven. Places container at discharge end of oven to receive popcorn or starts conveyor to carry corn through screen to remove unpopped kernels. Moves lever to reverse rotation of oven and to dump unpopped kernels into container beneath oven. When popping corn by wet method, pushes level to release measured amount of oil into unpopped corn in stationary oven. May prepare syrup and coat popcorn to make popcorn candy [POPCORN-CANDY MAKER (sugar & conf.)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-030 OVEN TENDER (bakery products)

Tends stationary or rotary hearth oven that bakes bread, pastries, and other bakery products: Places pans of unbaked goods on blade of long-handled paddle (peel). Opens oven door and slides loaded peel into oven. Jerks paddle from under pans to deposit them on hearth. Observes gauges and turns valves to regulate heat and humidity of oven. Notes color of products during baking to ensure uniformity of finished products. Removes baked goods from oven with peel, and places them on tiered racks. Flips switch to position hearth for loading and unloading when tending rotary hearth oven. May place bagels into kettle of boiling water, remove bagels from kettle, using ladle, and sprinkle bagels with seasoning prior to placing bagels in oven. May be designated according to type of oven tended or product baked as Oven Tender, Bagels (bakery products); Peel Oven Tender (bakery products); Rotary-Peel Oven Tender (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

526.685-034 PAN GREASER, MACHINE (bakery products)

Tends machine that automatically coats inside surfaces of baking pans with grease: Places container of grease alongside machine and inserts suction pipe into container. Starts machine. Adjusts gauge to regulate spray of grease. Removes greased pans from machine conveyor and places pans on second conveyor for transfer to batter depositing machine, or stacks pans on racks. May be designated according to type of pans greased as Bread-Pan Greaser (bakery products); Cake-Pan Greaser (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-038 PIE MAKER, MACHINE (bakery products)

Performs any combination of following duties on pie-machine conveyor line: Loads dough into hopper of pie-dough scaling machine. Turns hand lever to adjust scaling cylinder of machine to produce lumps of dough of prescribed size. Removes lumps of dough deposited from scaling machine and places them in dough-rolling-machine hopper. Turns hand lever to adjust rollers of machine to produce dough disks of desired thickness, catches dough emerging from first set of rollers, and drops dough into second set of rollers. Catches dough emerging from rolling machine and places it in piepan as it moves on conveyor. Dumps pie filling from container into hopper of filling machine, using hoist. Observes pies being filled and adjusts mechanism to regulate feed of filling or fills pies by hand. Catches dough emerging from rolling machine and places it over filled pies. Perforates pie covers to identify filling, using hand stamp. Inserts pan containing pie in pie-crimping machine and depresses pedal to crimp and seal perimeter of pie. Trims excess dough from pie with knife. May be designated according to phase of operation performed as Pie Bottomer (bakery products); Pie-Crimping-Machine Operator (bakery products); Pie-Dough Roller (bakery products); Pie Filler (bakery products); Pie Topper (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

526.685-042 POPCORN-CANDY MAKER (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment to cook and mix syrup with popcorn, forming popcorn candy: Weighs, measures, adds, stirs, and cooks ingredients, such as corn syrup, butter, and water in open-fire cooker or steam-jacketed kettle according to formula and specified procedure. Dumps popped corn into bowl of mixing machine or other container. Pours syrup over corn and starts agitator to mix corn and syrup for specified time or until coating is complete. May tend molding press to form popcorn novelties or shapes, such as balls or fritters (disks).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-046 POTATO-CHIP FRIER (food prep., nec) alternate titles: cooker, chip; potato-chip cooker machine

Tends machine that washes, slices, fries, and salts potatoes to make potato chips: Opens valve to pump preheated cooking oil into cooking vats. Fills salt hopper. Adjusts burner controls to maintain specified temperature in cooking vats. Turns valves to rinse potato slices, and moves levers to control rate of flow of potato slices into cooking vats. Stirs potato slices to ensure uniform cooking, using paddle or by use of automatic reciprocating rakes. Observes color of cooked potato chips as they emerge onto conveyors from cooking vats. Replaces worn blades on slicing heads, using handtools. May cook potatoes by lowering wire basket of sliced potatoes into vat of cooking oil.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-050 POTATO-PANCAKE FRIER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that deep-fries potato pancakes in oil, preparatory to freezing and packaging: Dumps potato batter into hopper of machine that automatically forms and fries pancakes. Turns valve to add specified amount of frying oil into machine. Inspects fried pancakes on conveyor to verify specified size and color.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-054 PRETZEL COOKER (bakery products)

Tends oven that automatically cooks, salts, bakes, and dries pretzels: Lights oven and sets thermostats of cooker, oven, and kiln at specified temperature. Dumps specified amount of salt, soda, and water into hoppers of oven. Turns valve to sprinkle salt and to allow soda solution to drain continuously into cooking pit of oven. Observes progress of uncooked pretzels moving on conveyor into oven, and straightens pretzels, using wire hooked rod. Tastes baked pretzels, observes their color, and adjusts speed of conveyor or temperature of cooker, oven, and kiln to ensure pretzels conform to color and taste standards. May place unbaked pretzels on oven conveyor by inverting boards loaded with pretzels.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-058 THERMOSCREW OPERATOR (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that precooks meat products preparatory to canning: Starts machines and conveyors, and loads meat into grinder to be ground and fed into cooker. Observes temperature gauge and color of meat during cooking process, and turns valve or adjusts rheostat to maintain specified temperature for prescribed cooking time. Turns valves to permit flow of cooking fluid into machine and from machine into filtering tanks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-062 TRIPE COOKER (meat products)

Tends equipment that cooks tripe to tenderize it preparatory to further processing: Dumps tripe into scalding vat to remove outer skin. Turns valve to admit water and steam into cooking vat and transfers tripe into vat by hand or using pitchfork. Observes gauge and regulates valves to maintain specified temperature in vat. Removes cooked tripe from vat after specified length of time and places it in trays or on racks for chilling. May cook tongue.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

526.685-066 WAFER-MACHINE OPERATOR (bakery products) alternate titles: waffle baker; waffle-machine operator

Tends machines that automatically deposit and bake batter in molds to form wafers: Lights gas burners to heat baking molds. Fills hopper of machine with batter. Starts machine and turns setscrew to regulate amount of batter deposited in mold. Turns thermostat to adjust temperature of baking molds. Observes color of baked wafers being ejected onto conveyor to detect defects. May be designated according to type of wafer made as Sugar-Wafer-Machine Operator (bakery products). May tend machine that also rolls batter into shape of cones prior to baking and be designated Cone Baker, Machine (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

526.685-070 OVEN OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (bakery products) alternate titles: baker operator, automatic

Tends automatic reel or conveyor type oven that bakes bread, pastries, and other bakery products: Reads work order to determine quantity and type products to be baked. Turns dials and valves to set operation speed of conveyor, baking time, and temperature controls of baking unit. Presses buttons to start equipment, and observes gauges to maintain heat according to specifications. Observes filled baking pans entering oven to determine whether pans are filled to standard, spacing between pans is sufficient to prevent pans jamming together, and speed of pans entering oven is specified speed to control baking time of product in oven. Observes color of baking product to detect burning or over baking and to verify uniformity of finished products. Adjusts controls according to procedure or notifies supervisor when conditions require equipment adjustments. May load and unload ovens. May be designated according to type of oven controlled as Conveyorized Oven Tender (bakery products); Reel Oven Tender (bakery products). May tend mixing machine and auxiliary equipment that automatically mixes, shapes, and bakes batter to form fortune cookies and be designated Fortune Cookie Maker (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

526.686-010 BAKER HELPER (bakery products)

Performs any combination of following tasks in production of baked goods: Moves and distributes bakery supplies and products in and around production area of bakery, using handtrucks, dollies, troughs, and rack trucks. Weighs and measures ingredients, such as sugar, flour, yeast, syrup, and dough. Lifts and dumps containers of materials to help load and unload machines, bins, hoppers, racks, and ovens. Feeds lumps or sheets of dough into hopper or between rolls of machine. Cleans equipment, using brushes, cleanser, and water. Greases, lines, or dusts pans or boards preparatory to receiving product for baking. May cut, turn, or twist dough into specified products and fill baking pans with dough. May observe and rearrange baked products on conveyor before products enter slicing machine. May tend equipment that dumps baked bread from pans onto conveyor for further processing. May push racks of bakery products into designated areas to await further processing. May be designated according to worker assisted as Batter-Mixer Helper (bakery products); or according to machine operator assisted as Cracker-And-Cookie-Machine Operator Helper (bakery products); Doughnut-Machine-Operator Helper (bakery products); Cookie-Mixer Helper (bakery products); Dividing-Machine-Operator Helper (bakery products); Dough-Mixer Helper (bakery products); Ingredient-Scaler Helper (bakery products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

526.687-010 POTATO-CHIP SORTER (food prep., nec)

Observes potato chips on conveyor and removes chips that are burned, discolored, or broken.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

526.687-014 STARCHMAKER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: candy-starch-mold printer; printer

Makes starch molds in which gum or jelly candy is formed, using manual press: Fills trays with starch and levels filled trays, using straightedge implement. Slides molding plate into press and secures it with thumbscrews. Pushes starch-filled tray under molding plate and pulls lever to press plate into starch, forming mold cavities. May tend machine that automatically empties molded candy from trays, refills them with starch, and reprints mold cavities [MOLDING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (sugar & conf.)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF FOOD, TOBACCO, AND RELATED PRODUCTS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with processing food, tobacco, and related products.

529.130-010 SUPERVISOR, CANDY (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking, forming, coating, wrapping, and packing candy: Trains workers in setting up and operating machines, such as depositors, enrobers, and cutters. Inspects candy to verify specified size, shape, solidification, gloss, and weight. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to operation as Supervisor, Enrobing (sugar & conf.); or type of candy as Supervisor, Hard Candy (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-014 SUPERVISOR, CHOCOLATE-AND-COCOA PROCESSING (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing and packaging chocolate and cocoa products: Designates quantities and types of beans to clean, roast, blend, alkalize, and grind to make chocolate liquor. Indicates time sequence, quantity, type of chocolate liquor, and formulas to use to make cocoa and coatings. Trains workers in setting up and adjusting machines and equipment to achieve standards and correct malfunctions. Reviews laboratory reports on quality control of products in process, such as shell content of nibs, fat content of cocoa powder, viscosity of coatings, and moisture content of alkalized beans. Reads thermometers and pressure gauges on storage tanks and pipelines to verify specified temperature of liquids to prevent solidification. Oversees roasting of cocoa beans for adherence to flavor, taste, moisture content, and color standards. Inspects nibs for shell content and fineness of cracking. Inspects grinding of nibs for specified fineness of chocolate liquor. Tests liquor for fineness. Directs mixing, refining, tempering, conching, and molding operations to make sweet chocolate and coatings. Inspects products for specified viscosity, texture, color, and taste. Directs workers engaged in insect and rodent control and in cleaning production and storage areas. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.130-018 SUPERVISOR, COFFEE (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding, blending, roasting, and packaging of coffee. Requisitions supplies. Sets up machines, such as grinders and filling machines. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-022 SUPERVISOR, FILTRATION (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in filtering, clarifying, and storing sugar liquors, slurries, and sweetwaters. Observes automatic recording devices to verify specified temperature, density and alkalinity of liquors, slurries, and sweetwaters. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-026 SUPERVISOR, NUT PROCESSING (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cracking, sorting, blanching, cutting, grinding, roasting, packing, and shipping nuts: Sets up and repairs nut-processing machines, such as nut-cracking machine, meat grading machine, or nut-cutting machines. Observes operation of machines to detect malfunctions or to detect worn parts. Inspects nuts to verify conformance with plant standards. May install and service showcases in retail stores to display nut products. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-030 SUPERVISOR, PULP HOUSE (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of pulp-house workers engaged in processing sugar-beet pulp into cattle fodder: Consults with SUPERVISOR, BEET END (sugar & conf.) to ascertain tonnage of beets being processed, and schedules number of driers and presses required to handle pulp. Adjusts automatic presses to press water from pulp. Moves controls to start equipment, such as elevators, scrolls, and conveyors, and to regulate flow of molasses into mingler scroll. Observes gauges and automatic recorders to verify specified temperatures in driers. Directs workers in clearing blockades and cleaning spillages. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-034 SUPERVISOR, REFINING (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: sugar-end supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in storing and distributing liquors and syrups, and in boiling, crystallizing, and drying sugar. Reads records and gauges to verify that equipment is operating according to standards. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-038 SUPERVISOR, SOFT SUGAR (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in centrifuging, screening, distributing, and packing brown sugar: Sets timing on centrifuge cycles to control color of product. Orders packing machine operators to set up machines. Turns valves and opens gates to distribute sugar to packing station. Directs workers in washing equipment when changing color of pack. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.130-042 SUPERVISOR, WHITE SUGAR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: centrifugal supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in centrifuging, granulating, and storing sugar: Sets timing controls on centrifuges for spinning, washing, and predrying cycles. Observes operation of equipment and temperature and flowmeters to verify specified flow of product between stations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.131-010 CELLAR SUPERVISOR (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation of winery cellars: Directs workers in crushing grapes, fermenting and fortifying juice, finishing and aging wine, operating portable pumps to transfer wine, and racking wine (filtering). Inspects fermentation tanks for cleanliness and operation of valves and other accessories. Orders filling of tanks and adds yeast culture to must in tanks to promote fermentation. Turns valves to circulate ferment through heat exchangers or other devices to maintain vintage at specified temperature. Observes gauges and records readings. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.131-014 SUPERVISOR, DAIRY PROCESSING (dairy products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing dairy products, such as milk, butter, cheese, and evaporated milk in liquid, solid, or powdered form: Directs workers in receiving and testing milk and in operations, such as pasteurizing, separating, evaporating, drying, cooling, and storing dairy products. Feels, tastes, and smells cheese samples to determine types of cheeses required for specified blend. Examines samples of evaporated milk, orders changes in cooking temperature, and adds measured amounts of calcium or phosphate to milk to obtain specified texture and viscosity. May add specified amount of lactic ferment cultures to pasteurized milk to develop starter for sour dairy products, such as buttermilk, cheese, or sour cream. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of product as Butter Production Supervisor (dairy products); Cheese Production Supervisor (dairy products); Instant-Powder Supervisor (dairy products); or according to process as Pasteurizing Supervisor (dairy products).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-010 CUSTOM-FEED-MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in operation of feed mill that grinds grain and mixes feed to customer's specifications. May operate grinders and auxiliary equipment to grind and mix feed. May compute charges and collect payment. May purchase supplies and equipment and keep financial records. May manage commercial feed store in conjunction with mill to sell grain, stock feed, fertilizer, and other products to retail trade. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-014 PLANT SUPERVISOR (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in drying, shelling, grading, and bagging hybrid seed corn: Regulates valves to maintain specified temperature of drying room. Periodically inspects and samples corn during various stages of processing for accuracy of operation, and for germination and purity. Tags and stores bagged grain. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-018 SUPERVISOR, BEET END (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in extracting sugar juice from sugar beets, processing juice into sugar liquor, and processing beet pulp into cattle fodder: Reads production schedules and beet delivery reports and assigns workers to such duties as fluming and washing beets, controlling equipment to slice and extract juice from beets, and processing juice through carbonation, filtration, and evaporation stages to obtain standard sugar liquor. Reads automatic recording devices and gauges and operating logs at various stations to ascertain that juice is being extracted and processed into standard sugar liquor, according to prescribed procedures, and that standard liquor meets density and concentration requirements. Prepares production and employee time reports. Directs workers in repairing and overhauling processing equipment during slack periods. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-022 SUPERVISOR, BOTTLE-HOUSE CLEANERS (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning bottle house, and bottling equipment and machines: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Observes draining, dismantling, and cleaning of machines, such as bottle washing, can dumping, case unloading, filling, labeling, and pasteurizing machines. Examines machines for conformance to cleanliness criteria and standards. Reads gauges and thermometers on pasteurizing and bottle washing machines to verify specified operating temperatures. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-026 SUPERVISOR, BREW HOUSE (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in brewhouse of malt liquor establishment: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Inspects and evaluates milling, mashing, brewing, and cooling operations to determine conformance to laboratory report specifications and established production procedures. Observes time, temperature, and pressure recording charts on machines and compares readings with work order specifications. Conducts iodine tests of mash and specific gravity tests of malt to determine completeness of mashing operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-030 SUPERVISOR, CEREAL (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing and packaging grains for cereal or animal feed products, according to knowledge of plant operations, processing machinery, and equipment: Directs experienced workers to instruct new workers in operation of grinders, cookers, driers, flaking rolls, ovens, frosting and packaging equipment. Evaluates performance of new workers for understanding of equipment and duties. Visually and tactually inspects grain mill products in process for conformance to plant standards. Reads laboratory tests results to verify specified moisture content of products. Directs workers to supply packaging lines with cartons, shipping cases, and other packaging materials. Investigates and directs repair of malfunctioning equipment based on knowledge of equipment and process. Maintains time and production records. May perform processing tasks in worker's absence. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-034 SUPERVISOR, CIGAR-MAKING MACHINE (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating cigar-making machines: Weighs and measures cigars to ensure conformance to standards. Adjusts machines and notifies MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (any industry) of machine malfunction. Trains workers in machine operation. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-038 SUPERVISOR, COOK ROOM (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in brining, syruping, lidding, or capping containers of food products. Controls temperature of atmospheric (conveyor-type) cooking machines. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-042 SUPERVISOR, DRIED YEAST (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in extruding, drying, milling, inspecting, and packaging dried yeast: Observes temperature and humidity controls on conveyor belt-type drier for adherence to specifications. Reviews laboratory reports and inspects dried and milled yeast for specified fineness. Examines packaged yeast at various stages and directs workers to adjust malfunctioning machines. Inspects equipment and machine to ensure adherence to sanitary specifications. Trains workers in machine and equipment operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-046 SUPERVISOR, DRY-STARCH (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in treating raw-starch suspensions with chemical solutions, such as acids and alkalies, and in operating pumps, heating units, agitators, filters, shakers, centrifugal separators, and driers to produce variety of dry-starch products: Reads thermometers, instrument-control meters, dials, and gauges to verify specified processing procedures. Operates equipment, adjusting valves, levers, and switches to control flow of product, temperatures, moisture content, and other characteristics. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-050 SUPERVISOR, FEED HOUSE (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding and drying byproducts of starch (bran and gluten) in preparation of stock food: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Examines machinery, valves, pumps, and conveyors to detect malfunctions resulting in leakage, spillage, overflow, and choke-up. Reads laboratory test reports to verify specified chemical characteristics, such as protein content of product. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-054 SUPERVISOR, FEED MILL (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding, screening, and mixing stock and poultry feed from grain and other ingredients according to specifications: Directs grinding of feed materials, such as grain, alfalfa, and corn cobs in hammer mills, or attrition mills, or roll grinders and mixing of ground feed with malt, mash, molasses, salt, soda, vitamins, and other ingredients, according to formula. Oversees cooking, cooling, and pelletizing of feed. May supervise packing of feed and storage and shipment of feed products. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of feed as Poultry Feed Supervisor (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-058 SUPERVISOR, FERMENTING CELLARS (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fermenting liquid wort: Moves controls of refrigeration equipment to maintain specified temperatures in cellar. Observes time, temperature, and pressure recording charts on fermenting tanks and compares with job order specifications. Directs workers in yeast pitching, fermenting, and pumping operations to ensure conformance to specified production procedures. May test specific gravity of wort. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-062 SUPERVISOR, GRAIN AND YEAST PLANTS (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in drying, bagging, and loading spent brew mash grains and surplus fermenting yeast: Coordinates drying, bagging, and car-loading operations and requisitions materials to meet daily production schedules. Measures moisture content of grain and yeast, using hygrometer. Moves controls of drying machine to regulate moisture content of grains and yeast. Marks or specifies railroad cars to be loaded with bagged or bulk grain. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-066 SUPERVISOR, LIQUID YEAST (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in production of yeast cream used in manufacture of bakers' yeast and food yeast: Trains workers in machine and equipment operation. Observes production operations and reviews laboratory results of liquid yeast. Inspects equipment to ensure adherence to sanitary specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-070 SUPERVISOR, MALTED MILK (dairy products)

Supervises workers engaged in making, bottling, and packaging malted milk powder: Assigns production runs to operators of mashing, evaporating, drying, blending, filling, and casing machines. Tours department to observe machines, production records, and automatic recording charts for specified temperature, pressure, liquid level, and machine setting. Trains workers in operation of masher, centrifuge, separator, evaporator, drum drier, blender, filler and packager machines, and auger, roller, or vacuum conveyor systems. Examines materials and transporting equipment of suppliers for unsanitary conditions to prevent processing of substandard powder. May rerun laboratory test for such quality factors as moisture or sediment in malted milk powder. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-074 SUPERVISOR, MILL HOUSE (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing grain for use in manufacturing starch, sugar, and feed products: Directs workers in softening and expanding grain kernels in acid solution (steep-water), grinding grain in mills, and in separating elements, such as starch and gluten from milled grain. Feels milled grain to determine fineness of grind. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-078 SUPERVISOR, NUTRITIONAL YEAST (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in pasteurizing and drying yeast cream and milling and packing yeast for use as food: Examines dried yeast sheet for color and thickness and milled yeast for fineness. Trains workers in equipment and machine operation and adjustment. Inspects equipment and machines to ensure adherence to sanitary specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-082 SUPERVISOR, SOAKERS (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in washing beer bottles: Trains workers in operation of machines. Examines soaked bottles for cleanliness. Reads gauges to verify temperature of soda solution in machines, and directs workers to regulate strength of solution. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.132-086 SUPERVISOR, STEFFEN HOUSE (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers in processing sugar-beet molasses, and in operating kilns to produce lime and carbon-dioxide gas used for carbonation of raw sugar-beet juice. Directs workers in diluting molasses, mixing lime with solution, and recovering hot and cold saccharate cake and filtrate from filter presses. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-090 SUPERVISOR, SUGAR HOUSE (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooling, crystalizing, separating, and drying sugar liquors to produce granular sugar: Reads instrument-control meters, thermometers, and gauges to verify specified processing procedures. Examines valves, pumps, and conveyors to detect malfunctions resulting in leakage, spillage, overflow, or choke-up. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Supervises workers engaged in production of caramel color, molasses, and other related products from liquid sugar. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-094 SUPERVISOR, SUGAR REFINERY (grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in converting liquid starch to liquid sugars: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Reads instrument dials in control room of automatic plant, and thermometers, meters, and gauges at stations in plant to verify specified processing procedures. Examines valves, pumps, and conveyors to detect malfunctions resulting in leakage, spillage, overflow, or choke-up. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-098 SUPERVISOR, TANK STORAGE (beverage) alternate titles: supervisor, finishing department

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing, storing, and aging beer: Inspects beer for clarity and color to determine need for aging, filtering, blending, carbonating, and storing. Moves controls of refrigeration equipment to maintain specified temperatures in tank-storage department. May conduct alcoholic content, carbonization, and specific gravity tests to determine conformance of beer to laboratory and production specifications, using hydrometer and other test apparatus. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.02.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.132-102 SUPERVISOR, TEA AND SPICE (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, processing, packaging, and storing dry food products, tea, and spices used in food preparations, such as gelatin desserts, soups, and liquid extracts: Mixes ingredients for liquid extracts and flavoring, following formula. Requisitions materials. Trains workers in machine operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-106 SUPERVISOR, WASH HOUSE (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in washing, pitching, and repairing metal beer kegs and barrels: Trains workers in machine operation. Adjusts keg washing and pitching machines. Observes temperature gauges and turns steam valve to maintain specified operating temperatures and speeds. Examines cleaned and pitched kegs for conformance to specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.132-110 SUPERVISOR (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing, pressing, and drying macaroni products: Confers with supervisor of previous shift and management to determine production needs, such as changes of press dies, production rate increases, or changes in dryer temperatures as recommended by quality control personnel. Informs workers of production changes, and monitors control panels of mixing, pressing, and drying machines and equipment to determine whether control settings meet company specifications. Observes products in various stages of process to determine whether products meet requirements for size, color, texture, and smoothness; and reads temperature and humidity charts, drying chamber charts, and entries in daily reports to determine compliance with company standards. Informs workers involved with specific steps in process to bring products into compliance with standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to process supervised as Supervisor, Long Goods (food prep., nec); Supervisor, Short Goods (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

529.135-010 COOKING, CASING, AND DRYING SUPERVISOR (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking $T3casing fluid,$T1 and casing and drying tobacco for further processing into chewing tobacco. Trains new workers in machine operation. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.135-014 SUPERVISOR, CURED-MEAT PACKING (meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in wrapping and packing sausages, sliced bacon, sides of bacon, and ham: Trains workers in tending skin-peeling machine and other equipment. Directs workers on bacon line in activities, such as molding sides of bacon, slicing and weighing bacon, and inserting bacon into packages. Directs workers on sausage line in activities, such as peeling sausages (removing skins) by hand or machine, inserting sausages in containers, hand or machine wrapping sausage container, and packaging containers of sausage in cartons for shipment. Inspects cured meats for specified color and texture to verify quality of product. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.137-010 PREPARATION SUPERVISOR (can. & preserv.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, sorting, preparing, and processing food products, such as fruits, vegetables, and fish, for canning or freezing. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of preserving process as Preparation Supervisor, Canning (can. & preserv.); Preparation Supervisor, Freezing (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

529.137-014 SANITARIAN (any industry) alternate titles: sanitation supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in duties concerned with sanitation programs in food processing establishment: Inspects products and equipment for conformity to federal and state sanitation laws and plant standards. Directs food handlers and production personnel in sanitary and pest-control procedures. Directs cleaning of equipment and work areas. Inspects premises for unsanitary practices and conditions. Examines incoming shipments of food ingredients for foreign matter, such as insects, poisons, or dirt, and gathers samples of ingredients for laboratory analysis. Confers with management and production personnel on sanitation problems, and recommends changes in equipment, plant layout, lighting, ventilation, or work practices to improve sanitation standards and purity of product. Compiles required reports regarding regular inspections, sanitation violations, and steps taken to resolve deficiencies. Routes reports to designated plant personnel. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to type of establishment as Supervisor, Bakery Sanitation (bakery products); Supervisor, Dairy Sanitation (dairy products).
GOE: 11.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 79

529.137-018 SUGAR-REPROCESS OPERATOR, HEAD (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in reprocessing damaged refined sugars: Directs workers opening bales and cases and inspecting cartons and pockets. Oversees repacking of undamaged containers in cases and bales, and ensures specified code-marks are stamped on containers. Directs workers dumping damaged sugar into barrels and hoppers and conveying containers to remelt hoppers. Directs worker tending metal-detecting equipment that locates and removes metallic objects from damaged sugar. Oversees return of bulk sugar from trucks to remelt station. Keeps records, such as amounts of sugar processed, labor costs, and inventories.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-022 SUPERINTENDENT, GRAIN ELEVATOR (beverage; grain-feed mills)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in unloading, loading, storing, cleaning, and blending of grain for milling and shipment: Inspects sample of grain from incoming shipment to verify variety of grain with invoice and route to designated storage bin according to variety and protein content of grain. Prepares switching orders for guidance of train crews in moving grain cars to unloading pits according to mill requirements. Observes unloading and transportation of grain by bucket elevators and conveyors to storage tanks. Inspects grain to determine cleaning requirements and directs processing of grain to prepare grain for milling. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-026 SUPERVISOR (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in making or packing cigarettes or cigars: Inspects cigars, cigarettes, and filters to determine that length, circumference, firmness, printing of brand name, and gluing are according to specifications. Observes machine operations to detect defective operation and product. Schedules and coordinates work activities within cigar or cigarette making or packing lines and with other supervisors to maintain established production standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to department supervised as Supervisor, Cigar Processing (tobacco); Supervisor, Cigarette-Filter Making Department (tobacco); Supervisor, Cigarette-Making Department (tobacco); Supervisor, Cigarette-Packing Department (tobacco).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

529.137-030 SUPERVISOR (oils & grease)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing oils, vegetables, and nuts, such as cottonseed, linseed, peanuts, palm kernels, and castor beans, used in manufacture of margarine, shortening, and other edible oils: Observes gauges and determines cooking time and temperature, according to equipment used and material to be processed, to ensure maintenance of quality and quantity standards. Calculates, according to formula, adjustments to be made if laboratory analysis shows batch to be substandard. Maintains production records and prepares reports for cost and production departments. Patrols department to observe automatic equipment, such as hullers, separators, and crushing rolls, to ensure efficient operation. May determine scrap reprocessing operations, according to condition of scrap, quality control specifications, and legal requirements. May weigh random samples of margarine prints, using scale, to verify weight of prints against specifications and examine packaged product to verify brand names and code numbers against order. May direct workers in refining and bleaching edible oils and be known as Refinery Supervisor (oils & grease). May direct workers in packaging operations and be known as Packaging Supervisor (oils & grease). May perform other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.137-034 SUPERVISOR, CIGAR TOBACCO PROCESSING (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, sorting, sizing, conditioning, $T3mulling,$T1 and packing tobacco used in manufacture of cigars. Examines tobacco to determine suitability of leaves for processing into wrapper or filler. Trains new workers in equipment operation and work processes. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-038 SUPERVISOR, CURING ROOM (tobacco)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending, aging, and fermenting tobacco strips and stems in production of cigars, chewing tobacco, or snuff: Reads production schedules for information, such as quantity of stems, and strip tobacco, amounts of water and $T3casing fluid,$T1 and aging time specified. Computes amount of tobacco strips and stems required to maintain production. Analyzes thermometer readings of piles of tobacco to determine stages of fermentation, and schedules turning or transfer of tobacco cures. Coordinates receipt of tobacco from supplier and transfer to drying department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.137-042 SUPERVISOR, EGG PROCESSING (can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: egg room supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing eggs for shipment and storage: Schedules processing according to type of eggs ordered, delivery date, availability of eggs, and capacity of machines. Informs MATERIAL HANDLERS (any industry) of number of cases to pack. Verifies counting of eggs, preparation of receipts, and movement of eggs, according to company standards. Directs workers in government and company sanitation regulations. Inspects appearance and work methods of EGG CANDLER (any industry) and EGG BREAKER (any industry) for conformance to sanitation regulations. Repairs or adjusts machinery. Performs other duties as defined under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.137-046 SUPERVISOR, FRUIT GRADING (wholesale tr.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grading fruits: Trains employees in grading methods, detection of defective or improperly colored fruit, and other factors affecting standards. Assigns workers to positions at grading belt. Observes workers to correct discrepancies and ensure that graded fruit meets specified standards. May interview and recommend hiring of new employees. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-050 SUPERVISOR, MAPLE PRODUCTS (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in boiling, stirring, molding, and packing maple products, such as maple sugar and syrup. Inspects product for conformance to prescribed standards of purity and appearance. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-054 SUPERVISOR, READY-MIXED FOOD PREPARATION (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing ready-mixed food preparations: Requisitions ingredients from warehouse and prescribes mixing sequence. Inspects ingredients and product to ensure conformance to company specifications and ensures that samples are taken of each batch mixed for quality control purposes. Maintains record of ingredients used and batches mixed. Trains new workers. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.137-058 SUPERVISOR, SYRUP SHED (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending edible sugar syrups, cleaning storage facilities and vehicle tanks, and filtering, pasteurizing and pumping syrups into tank trucks and railroad tank cars. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.137-062 SUPERVISOR, SPECIALTY FOOD PRODUCTS (can. & preserv.; meat products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing, cooking, molding, and packaging speciality food products, such as frankfurters, chili, sausage, and fish roe: Reads production schedule to determine work procedures, supplies to be requisitioned, personnel requirements, and processing equipment to be used. Assigns workers to work stations and issues instructions concerning formulas to follow and work procedures. Coordinates flow of work between work stations. Keeps production and timecard records. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise workers engaged in processing fish roe and be designated Supervisor, Roe Processing (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

529.137-066 SUPERVISOR, WHIPPED TOPPING (dairy products)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing and packing whipped topping: Observes operations of equipment, such as versators, colloid mills, pasteurizers, cooling tanks, and homogenizers to verify conformance of whipped topping with quality and quantity standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.137-070 SUPERVISOR, YARD (beverage)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blocking and icing loaded freight cars, manufacturing ice, and cleaning brewery yards: Trains workers. Maintains specified amount of ice in storage. Spots cars for workers to ice and block. Directs movement of freight cars in yard. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.137-074 SUPERVISOR, INSPECTION (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting chewing gum to ensure product conformance to processing standards: Reads production schedule and assigns duties to workers. Observes inspection process to detect defective operations. Reviews inspection reports to determine type and cause of product deviations from company standards. Periodically reads instructions on batch cards to ensure ingredients meet formula specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

529.137-078 SUPERVISOR, INSTANT POTATO PROCESSING (food prep., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking, blending, screening, and drying instant potato granules: Reviews shift specifications with supervisor to determine production goals, additives to be mixed with potato granules, and schedule for cleaning machinery. Reviews shift logs to ascertain production delays encountered, such as machinery breakdown, production lines involved, and action taken. Completes shift reports, and submits reports to management. Instructs workers to fill storage tanks with instant potato granules according to type of granules produced, type of additives mixed with granules, and tank capacity. Approves employee requests for vacation and forwards leave forms to personnel department. Requests personnel department to provide substitute workers when regular workers are absent. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

529.137-082 SUPERVISOR, PROCESSING (sugar & conf.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing raw ingredients into chewing gum: Coordinates washing, melting, blending, mixing, and cooking of ingredients; rolling and scoring of gum into sheets; and coating of sheets with powdered sugar. Trains new workers in operation of equipment. Maintains inventory records and requisitions ingredients as necessary to meet production schedules. Inspects and weighs ingredients to maintain establishment standards. Confers with SUPERVISOR (sugar & conf.) 920.137-018 to coordinate activities between departments. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

529.167-010 FRUIT COORDINATOR (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: metal mover

Coordinates flow of materials through departments of citrus-fruit processing plant. Observes processing procedures and informs workers to speed up, slow down, or temporarily cease operations to maintain even flow of fruit through plant.
GOE: 05.09.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.281-010 TASTER (food prep., nec)

Tastes samples of food or beverages to determine palatability of product or to prepare blending formulas: Cooks or brews small lots of beverages or other food products and tastes product to determine grade, approximate market value, or acceptability to consumer tastes. Writes blending formulas for guidance of workers who prepare food products in commercial quantities. May purchase food products. May be designated according to product tasted as Coffee Taster (food prep., nec); Tea Taster (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.01.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.361-010 ALMOND-PASTE MIXER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: marzipan maker

Mixes and cooks blanched, ground, and refined almonds with sugar solution to make marzipan (almond paste) for candy centers. Dumps ingredients into steam-jacketed rotating cooker. Transfers cooked batch to water-cooled kettle. May operate refining machine to reduce particle size of cooked batch.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

529.361-014 CANDY MAKER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: batch maker; boiler; confectioner; cook, candy

Mixes and cooks candy ingredients by following, modifying, or formulating recipes to produce product of specified flavor, texture, and color: Cooks ingredients [CONFECTIONERY COOKER (sugar & conf.)] at specified temperatures in open-fire or steam-jacketed kettles or in batch or continuous pressure cookers. Casts candy by hand, using molds and funnel, or tends machine that casts candy in starch or rubber molds [DEPOSITING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Spreads candy onto cooling and heating slabs. Kneads and machine-pulls candy [CANDY PULLER (sugar & conf.)]. Spins or rolls candy into strips ready for cutting [SPINNER (sugar & conf.)]. Examines, feels, and tastes product to evaluate color, texture, and flavor. Adds ingredients or modifies cooking and forming operations as needed. May direct CANDY-MAKER HELPERS (sugar & conf.). May be designated according to type of candy produced as Caramel-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.); Coconut-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.); Fudge-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.); Hard-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.); Nougat-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.); Taffy-Candy Maker (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.361-018 CHEESEMAKER (dairy products) alternate titles: cheese cooker

Cooks milk and specified ingredients to make cheese, according to formula: Pasteurizes and separates milk to obtain prescribed butterfat content. Turns valves to fill vat with milk and heat milk to specified temperature. Dumps measured amounts of dye and starter into milk. Starts agitator to mix ingredients. Tests sample of milk for acidity and allows agitator to mix ingredients until specified level of acidity is reached. Dumps and mixes measured amount of rennet into milk. Stops agitator to allow milk to coagulate into curd. Pulls curd knives through curd or separates curd with hand scoop to release whey. Observes thermometer, adjusts steam valve, and starts agitator to stir and cook curd at prescribed temperature for specified time. Squeezes and stretches sample of curd with fingers and extends cooking time to achieve desired firmness or texture. Gives directions to CHEESEMAKER HELPER (dairy products) or other workers to make curd, drain whey from curd, add ingredients, such as seasonings, or mold, pack, cut, pile, mill, dump, and press curd into specified shapes. Directs other workers who immerse cheese in brine or roll cheese in dry salt, pierce or smear cheese with cultured wash to develop mold growth, and place or turn cheese blocks on shelves to cure cheese. Tastes, smells, feels, and observes sample plug of cheese for quality. Records amounts of ingredients used, test results, and time cycles. Makes variations in time cycles and ingredients used for succeeding batches. Dumps specified culture into milk or whey in pasteurizer to make bulk starter. May be required to hold state cheesemaker's license.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.362-010 BUTTERMAKER (dairy products)

Controls equipment to make grades of butter by either of following methods: (1) Butter churn method: Connects sanitary pipe between cream storage vat and churn. Starts pump to convey sterile solution through equipment and to admit measured amount of pasteurized cream into churn, and starts churn. Observes separation of buttermilk from butter and pumps buttermilk from churn. Opens churn and sprays butter with chlorinated water to remove residue buttermilk. Compares butter with color chart and adds coloring to meet specifications. Tests butter for moisture, salt content, and consistency, using testing apparatus, and achieves specified consistency by adding or removing water. Examines, smells, and tastes butter to grade it according to prescribed standard. (2) Butter chilling method: Pasteurizes and separates cream to obtain butter oil, and tests butter oil in standardizing vat for butter fat, moisture, salt content, and acidity, using testing apparatus. Adds water, alkali, and coloring to butter oil to achieve specified grade, and starts agitator to mix ingredients. Turns valves and observes gauges to regulate temperature and flow of water, refrigerant, and butter oil through chilling vat. Smells, tastes, and feels sample to grade butter emerging from chilling vat. May be designated according to equipment operated as Butter-Chilling Equipment Operator (dairy products); Butter Churner (dairy products).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.362-014 DRY-STARCH OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (grain-feed mills)

Controls equipment that produces dry starch products from raw starch, and tests product for adherence to specifications: Dumps bags of chemicals into mixing tanks, and turns valves to admit fluids to prepare slurries for treating raw starch. Regulates material flow, and starts and controls pumps, heaters, agitators, shakers, filters, driers, and related equipment, following standard procedures. Monitors gauges and recording instruments to ensure standard operating conditions. Directs other workers in operating equipment in event of malfunction. Obtains samples of product at various stages of process to test for viscosity, acidity, and specific gravity, using viscometer, pH meter, and hydrometer. Records instrument readings and other data on daily log.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.367-010 CIGARETTE-AND-FILTER CHIEF INSPECTOR (tobacco)

Examines plain or filter-tipped cigarettes or filters to ensure that quality of product conforms to standards: Inspects cigarettes or filters produced to detect imperfections, such as loose ends, stems, stemholes, defective glue lines, and defectively attached filters. Examines cigarettes, attached filters, and filters rejected by CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE CATCHER (tobacco) and CIGARETTE INSPECTOR (tobacco) and discards inferior products. Notifies CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) of deviations from standards. Records number of cigarettes found with defects and compiles summary production sheets. Verifies and totals figures posted by CIGARETTE INSPECTOR (tobacco).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.367-014 HOGSHEAD INSPECTOR (tobacco)

Examines hogsheads and bales of tobacco after ordering process to determine whether temperature and quality of tobacco conform to standards: Places thermometer in tobacco and records temperature of each lot. Inspects tobacco for damage. Removes damaged tobacco, weighs, and records amount damaged. Notifies supervisor when temperature or condition of tobacco does not meet standards. Verifies weight of hogsheads and bales against checksheet.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.367-018 QUALITY-CONTROL INSPECTOR (bakery products)

Weighs and tests cookies and crackers for conformance to quality and weight standards: Gathers random packages of cookies or crackers from each conveyor line and weighs packages on platform scale to verify weight specifications. Adds crumbled crackers to chemical solution to ascertain level of acidity or alkalinity, using pH meter, or compares color of solution with color chart. Records weight of crackers or cookies, and places crumbs in drier. Turns on drying unit for specified time to remove moisture from crumbs. Weighs dried crumbs to ascertain moisture content. Records results of tests in record book and reports variations from weight standards. May verify weight of individual packages during packing process.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.367-022 QUALITY-CONTROL TECHNICIAN (beverage)

Compiles taste preference data on whiskeys for use by laboratory personnel as aid to developing improved methods of producing and storing distilled liquors: Requests samples of whiskey from warehouse or bottling workers for tasting and laboratory analysis, according to brand of whiskey and serial numbers of barrels from which samples are to be taken. Records proof and weight of whiskey and date whiskey was placed in storage. Schedules designated persons to taste various brands of standard quality whiskey and brand to be bottled. Fills glasses with whiskeys for tasting by panel members. Prepares reports indicating number of like and unlike comparisons, date sample tasting was made, brand of whiskey, and serial numbers of barrels from which sample was taken, and submits information to laboratory. Attaches labels to bottles of whiskey samples and routes bottles to laboratory for analysis.
GOE: 05.09.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.367-026 ROUGH-RICE GRADER (grain-feed mills)

Grades unhulled rice visually as it is unloaded from freight cars or trucks, and directs workers in storage of rice according to grade: Obtains samples from each carload or truckload, using probe. Examines samples and determines grade of each load according to amount of damaged grains and grass seed content. Directs workers in conveying rice to storage bins to ensure that each grade is stored separately. Records amount and grade of rice received.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.367-030 YIELD-LOSS INSPECTOR (grain-feed mills)

Inspects operating condition of machinery and equipment used in manufacture of stock feed, starch, sugar, and liquid sugar products to detect potential sources for loss of product: Examines valves, pipe connections, conveyors, pumps, and equipment assemblies for potential malfunction and cause of leakage, spillage, overflow, and excessive dusting. Takes samples from process streams, such as wash water and waste disposal lines, to laboratory for test of product content. Prepares periodic reports of inspection findings. Participates in special studies, such as grain moisture and sewer sampling surveys, reviews new sampling methods and procedures, and makes suggestions to improve yield loss inspection procedures.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.367-034 QUALITY CONTROL INSPECTOR (sugar & conf.)

Inspects bagging, storage, and shipping facilities for conformance to company sanitation and safety standards in beet sugar refinery: Monitors indicator lights and weighs randomly selected sugar bags from packaging line conveyor to verify accuracy of automatic weighing equipment. Pulls lever to adjust fill rate of equipment when sample bags are over or under specified weight. Inspects boxcars for cleanliness and to ascertain valves and hatches are closed and sealed. Obtains sugar samples from bulk car for laboratory analysis, using probe. Inspects warehouse areas to detect unsafe or unsanitary conditions, such as lubricants on walkways and cracks in storage bins. Informs designated person of conditions requiring immediate repair, such as unsanitary condition of boxcars and warehouse areas. Completes reports that indicate condition of boxcars, warehouse area, and incoming shipments of brown sugar and starch.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

529.381-010 COMPOUNDER, FLAVORINGS (beverage)

Compounds natural or synthetic flavorings from liquid and solid ingredients, according to formula: Selects prescribed ingredients and measures or weighs ingredients, using English or metric measures and balance scales. Determines mixing sequence, in kettles, placed on floor scales, or in weigh tanks, based on knowledge of temperature effects, and solubility and miscibility properties of specific ingredients. Stirs mixture with paddle or uses agitator. Homogenizes material to prevent separation of substances, using homogenizing device. Maintains record of batches prepared.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.382-010 BUTTERMAKER, CONTINUOUS CHURN (dairy products)

Operates continuous churn to produce butter of specified grade and quality, and performs quality control tests: Starts agitator of salt injector and fills tank of injector with salt solution. Turns valve control and starts pump to move cream from storage tank to churn. Presses switches to start beater and extruders of churn, and adjusts controls while monitoring gauge and ammeter to regulate churn speed. Connects salt injector tube to extruder of churn and starts salt injector pump. Raises or lowers nozzle to adjust height of buttermilk drainpipe to control level of buttermilk in extruder, using wrenches. Observes butter granules dropping from beater section to ensure that beater is operating efficiently. Removes sample of butter from discharge of churn and performs standardized tests for moisture, butterfat, and color content. Tastes butter to detect undesirable flavors and to ensure required salt level. Rubs sample of butter between thumb and finger to determine if texture meets specifications. Turns control knobs to adjust speed of beater, speed of salt pump, height of buttermilk discharge pipe, or adds vegetable color to salt solution to ensure butter meets specifications. Observes and listens to churn to detect possible malfunctions, such as leaks or plugging, and reports malfunctions or undesirable taste to supervisor. Mixes salt and water, according to formula, to maintain stock of solution. Records production and test data on record sheet.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.382-014 CHOCOLATE-PRODUCTION-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: general utility machine operator

Operates any of following machines and equipment to relieve regular operators engaged in processing cocoa beans into chocolate liquor and in producing cocoa powder and sweet chocolate, according to formula: Controls roaster that roasts cocoa beans to develop specified color and flavor and reduces moisture content of beans [COCOA-BEAN ROASTER (sugar & conf.) I; COCOA-BEAN ROASTER (sugar & conf.) II]. Tends mill to grind nibs (cracked cocoa beans) into liquid chocolate of specified fineness [LIQUOR-GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Tends hydraulic press to extract cocoa butter from chocolate liquor, and operates cocoa room machinery and equipment to grind and pulverize cocoa cakes into cocoa powder [COCOA-PRESS OPERATOR (sugar & conf.); COCOA-ROOM OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Mixes ingredients, such as chocolate liquor, sugar, and powdered milk to make sweet chocolate [MIXER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Operates refining machine to grind chocolate paste to specified consistency [REFINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)]. Operates tempering equipment to control temperature of chocolate in cooling process before molding [CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (bakery products; grain-feed mills)]. May tend molding machines, pressure cookers, and dryers. May assist in supervising and training production line workers.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.382-018 DAIRY-PROCESSING-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (dairy products)

Operates continuous flow or vat-type equipment to process milk, cream, and other dairy products, following specified methods and formulas: Connects pipes between vats and processing equipment. Assembles fittings, valves, bowls, plates, disks, impeller shaft, and other parts to equipment with wrench to prepare for operation. Turns valves to pump sterilizing solution and rinse water through pipes and equipment and spray vats with atomizer. Starts pumps and equipment, observes temperature and pressure gauges, and opens valves on continuous flow equipment to force milk through centrifuge to separate cream from milk, through homogenizer to produce specified emulsion, and through filter to remove sediment. Turns valves to admit steam and water into pipes to pasteurize milk and to circulate refrigerant through coils to cool milk. Starts pump and agitator, observes pressure and temperature gauges, and opens valves on vat equipment to fill, stir, and steam-heat milk in vat. Pumps or pours specified amounts of liquid or powder ingredients, such as skim milk, lactic culture, stabilizer, neutralizer, and vitamins into vat to make dairy products, such as buttermilk, chocolate milk, or ice cream mix. Tests product for acidity at various stages of processing. Records specified time, temperature, pressure, and volume readings. May be designated according to process performed as Byproducts Maker (dairy products); Clarifier Operator (dairy products); Cooler Operator (dairy products); Homogenizer Operator (dairy products); Mix Maker (dairy products); Pasteurizer Operator (dairy products); Separator Operator (dairy products). May be required to hold license from State Board of Health or local government unit.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.382-022 GELATIN MAKER, UTILITY (chemical)

Performs any combination of following duties to relieve other workers in producing gelatin or glue from animal stock (skins, splits, fleshings, and trimmings): Tends equipment to wash animal stock used to make gelatin and glue [WASH-MILL OPERATOR (chemical)] and lime vats to loosen hair and open pores of stock [LIMER (chemical; leather mfg.)]. Tends equipment to cook stock for broth [COOK (chemical)], and operates evaporator to dehydrate broth to concentrate gelatin contents [EVAPORATOR OPERATOR (chemical) I]. Tends press to filter impurities from gelatin or glue [FILTER-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry)]. Tends equipment to spread gelatin or glue into sheets for drying [SPREADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (chemical)] and equipment that grinds, weighs, and packages gelatin or glue [GLUE-MILL OPERATOR (chemical)].
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.382-026 HYDROGENATION OPERATOR (oils & grease) alternate titles: clarifier

Controls equipment to process base oils used in manufacture of margarine and shortening: Starts pumps to move premeasured batches of refined oils or fats into converter vessel. Turns valves to adjust rate of flow of hydrogen, steam, air, and water into converter, and weighs and adds specified amounts of catalytic agents and other chemicals to harden batch of oils or fats, as required. Tests samples of batch to ensure that hardness of product is in accordance with specifications, using refractometer. Pumps hardened oils through filter press to remove catalyst and attaches lines to transfer filtered oil to blending vessel. Starts pump to add specified amounts of blending oils to blending vessel and turns valves to heat and blend oils for required amount of time. Observes temperature and pressure gauges, and turns valves to make adjustment when necessary. Pumps finished oils through filter press to holding tank. May be designated according to equipment controlled as Blender (oils & grease); Hardener (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.382-030 IRISH-MOSS OPERATOR (chemical) alternate titles: drying-machine operator; weed-cooking operator

Operates centrifugal separator, pressure cooker, drum drier, hammer mill, and air separator to process Irish moss (carrageen) into powdered stabilizer used in food processing: Pumps boiled mixture from holding tank into centrifugal separator and starts machine to separate moss from mixture. Pumps mixture from centrifuge to pressure cooker. Weighs out and adds specified amounts of powdered ingredients. Turns steam valve and observes pressure gauges on pressure cooker to cook mixture for specified time. Pumps mixture to drier and turns valve to heat drier to prescribed temperature and reduce product to solid form. Starts screw conveyor to carry mixture out of drier through hammer mill and air separator to pulverize and deposit product in containers for storage. May draw sample of product and perform tests, using meters, or submit sample for testing.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.385-010 NOODLE MAKER (food prep., nec)

Tends series of machines that mix, knead, roll, and cut dough to make noodles: Weighs and measures specified ingredients according to standard formulas, and dumps them into mixing machine. Moves lever to empty mixed ingredients into kneading machine. Feeds kneaded dough into rolling machine that forms dough into sheet and winds sheet into roll. Turns knob to regulate roller clearance and dusts rolled sheet with cornstarch. Inserts end of sheet into feed rollers of cutting machine that slits sheet into strands. Slides rod under emerging strands to drape strands over rod. Pulls lever to cut strands to specified length and hangs filled rod on rack. Pushes rack into drying room, and sets thermostat to specified temperature. Feels and observes consistency of product throughout operation to control quality and processing time. May cut noodles into packaging lengths, using knife. May weigh and wrap noodles in cellophane or pack them in cartons.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.387-010 CHEESE GRADER (dairy products)

Evaluates and grades body, texture, flavor, and color of natural cheese: Pushes trier into cheese to obtain sample plug. Smells and tastes cheese for odor, acidity, and flavor. Examines cheese with fingers to determine firmness and texture. Observes cheese for color, shape, size, finish, and surface blemishes. Records weight, grade, and identifying data. Must hold state or federal license. May buy cheese and assist with production problems.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.387-014 CIGARETTE TESTER (tobacco) alternate titles: tester operator

Tests cigarettes and cellophane wrappers to ensure that products conform to company standards, according to following methods: (1) Feeds sample from cigarette-making machine into hopper of weight recorder that tallies weight of each cigarette and totals number of each weight. Computes average weight of cigarettes in sample and compares average weight with standard to determine deviations. (2) Slits cigarette paper, dumps tobacco into container, and places container in electric moisture meter to obtain moisture content [MOISTURE-METER OPERATOR (tobacco) 529.687-162]. (3) Weighs tobacco from specified number of cigarettes and places tobacco in agitator equipped with series of screens to separate shreds according to size. Weighs separate tobacco and determines percentage of each size of shreds in single cigarette, using conversion table. (4) Removes cellophane wrapper from cigarette pack and tests resistance to air by slipping wrapper over suction device of instrument that draws air through wrapper and indicates amount of airflow. Records test finding, date, and machine number from which samples were taken.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.387-018 FRUIT-BUYING GRADER (can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: fruit inspector; platform inspector

Examines, sorts, and grades sample fruit from load at receiving point: Takes random samples from load, weighs sample and containers, and calculates net weight and tare of total load. Sorts sample fruit by grade and size, according to company or government specifications. Weighs each portion of sample and calculates percentage of each size and grade in total load. Issues grade ticket or receipt for load.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.387-022 GAUGER (beverage)

Tests wine samples for alcohol content, acidity, and sugar content, using hydrometer, thermometer, and other laboratory equipment: Collects samples of wine from tanks for tests. Immerses hydrometer and thermometer in wine sample and compares readings with gauging manual to determine alcohol content. Pours specified amount of wine in glass cylinder and inserts hydrometer to determine sugar content. Measures sample for acid content, using chemicals and gauges. Examines sample for quality of color. Drafts charts and writes test reports.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.387-026 INSPECTOR, GRAIN MILL PRODUCTS (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: inspector technician

Weighs packaged cereal, feed, and flour products to verify weights and examines packages for adequacy of labeling, stamping, sewing, or sealing: Records weights on report form. Tests scales for accuracy, using standard weights, and adjusts scales. Compares sample of mixed feed with standard sample to verify adequacy of mixing or pelletizing process. Obtains and labels samples of flour grades produced and delivers them to laboratory. May review laboratory analysis of flour samples. May verify production reports with report of quantity of packed products received in warehouse and trace reason for discrepancies.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.387-030 QUALITY-CONTROL TECHNICIAN (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec)

Inspects raw materials and finished products, and tests and adjusts packaging or canning equipment during processing of foods, such as corn chips, vegetables, and breaded shrimp: Inspects, tests, weighs, tastes, and smells raw materials and finished products to determine such information as spoilage, whether cans, packages, or jars have vacuum seal, pH content of specified products, and weight of sample products, using equipment such as vacuum gauge, pH meter, and weight scale. Determines that oil, salt, and moisture content of raw materials or finished products meet company standards, using thermometer, pyrometer, and conductivity tester. Places standard weights on balance mechanism to determine accuracy of equipment packaging scales, and adjusts regulating mechanism of scales when necessary, using handtools. Reads temperature indicator on heat-sealing equipment, and turns knobs to adjust controls for intensity of heat required to seal packages, cans, or jars. Records inspection data, writes reports, and notifies supervisor of irregularities. May assign lot numbers to products and record product information, such as cooking time, date, and equipment pressure settings, to maintain log of operation, according to company requirement.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

529.387-034 SAMPLER (oils & grease)

Collects samples of oilseeds, such as soybean, cottonseed, and safflower, and tests for splits, foreign matter, and moisture: Dips probe into oilseeds to secure sample. Weighs and sifts sample to separate whole beans, splits, and foreign matter. Weighs splits and foreign matter to determine percentage of each in sample. Weighs whole beans to determine number of pounds per bushel. Tests sample, using moisture meter, to determine moisture content.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.462-010 SYRUP MIXER (grain-feed mills)

Controls steam-heated vats to heat and mix syrup ingredients, according to formula: Computes and weighs specified amounts of ingredients, such as corn, beet, and cane syrups and flavoring, and directs SYRUP-MIXER ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills) to dump ingredients into mixing vats. Starts pumps and agitators to admit steam into heating coils and transfer ingredients to vat filled with measured amount of corn syrup. Reads thermometers and turns steam valve to maintain mixture at specified temperature. Collects sample of syrup and tests to determine specific gravity, using hydrometer. Starts pumps to transfer batch to storage tanks. Inspects vats after cleaning by SYRUP-MIXER ASSISTANT (grain-feed mills) to ensure that fermentable residue is removed. May clean vats.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.467-010 TIP-LENGTH CHECKER (tobacco) alternate titles: tip tester

Measures length of tips cut from tobacco leaves and records data pertaining to sample: Gathers tip samples from conveyor belts and places samples in tip-length measuring boxes, according to length of tips. Counts tips of each length and records number and length. Submits tip-length report to supervisor at specified intervals.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.482-010 FREEZER OPERATOR (dairy products) alternate titles: freezer; ice-cream freezer

Operates one or more continuous freezers and other equipment to freeze ice cream mix into semisolid consistency: Weighs or measures powder and liquid ingredients, such as color, flavoring, or fruit puree, using graduate, and dumps ingredients into flavor vat. Starts agitator to blend contents. Starts pumps and turns valves to force mix into freezer barrels, admit refrigerant into freezer coils, and inject air into mix. Starts beater, scraper, and expeller blades to mix contents with air and prevent adherence of mixture to barrel walls. Observes ammeter and pressure gauge and adjusts controls to obtain specified freezing temperature, air pressure, and machine speed. Fills hopper of fruit feeder with candy bits, fruit, and nuts, using scoop, or pours syrups into holder of rippling pump. Sets controls according to freezer speed to feed or ripple ingredients evenly into ice cream expelled from freezer. Opens valve to transfer contents to filling machine that pumps ice cream into cartons, cups, and cones, or molds for pies, rolls, and tarts. Places novelty dies in filler head that separates flavors and forms center designs or rosettes in packaged product. Weighs package and adjusts freezer air valve or switch on filler head to obtain specified amount of product in each container. Assembles pipes, fittings, and equipment for operation, using wrench. Sprays equipment with sterilizing solution.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.482-014 NOVELTY MAKER I (dairy products) alternate titles: novelty dipper

Operates machines and equipment to freeze, cut, harden, and wrap stickless ice cream novelties: Turns valve and sets thermostat to circulate refrigerant and maintain specified temperature in hardening box. Inserts forming fixtures in nozzles of ice cream feedlines that extrude specified shape of ice cream ribbon for bar, doughnut, patty, or roll shaped novelty. Starts pumps and turns steam and water valves to fill and heat chocolate coating in enrobing tank to specified temperature. Starts machines that cut extruded ice cream ribbon into measured portions, deposit them on conveyor pallets moving through hardening box, and under chocolate coating spray, and envelope them in wrappers. Measures cut portions of ice cream, using gauge, and adjusts freezer air intake to obtain specified thickness of mixture. Observes fallen bars in hardening box or their position on pallets and turns controls to synchronize conveyor with freezer speed, and change hardening temperature or freezer pressure. Replaces wire over posts of cutter arm to repair broken cutter. Tends automatic wrapping machine [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry)]. Brushes pallets, using bristle brush to remove frost. Cleans machines.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.482-018 NOVELTY MAKER II (dairy products)

Operates machines and equipment to mold and freeze ice cream, fruit juice, or syrup stick novelties: Positions molds on machine, using hoist or places mold pans on conveyor. Attaches single or double extrusion valves to filler head with handtools. Observes gauges, turns valves, and starts pumps, to regulate temperatures of solutions in brine, wash, rinse, and chocolate dip tanks, and pressure in pneumatic power lines. Places sticks in dispensers of inserting machine and positions sticks over mold. Loads bags or cartons into dispensers or wrapping paper onto spindle and adjusts guides and controls on packaging machine [CARTON-FORMING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry); PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry)]. Starts machines that freeze, coat, wrap, and eject novelties onto packing table. Inserts depth gauge into molds to measure fill and turns dial to obtain prescribed level. Weighs novelty and turns dial to adjust freezer speed or air intake to obtain specified thickness of mixture. Removes jammed sticks from dispensing slots, using pliers or picks.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.482-022 SYRUP MAKER (sugar & conf.)

Controls equipment, such as mixing kettles, pumps, pressure cooker, and homogenizer to make chocolate and other flavored syrups, according to formula: Weighs and dumps ingredients, such as cocoa powder, milk solids, and sugar into mixing kettle. Admits metered amounts of invert sugar syrup, whole milk, cocoa butter, and chocolate. Starts agitators to mix batch for specified time and pumps mixture into pressure cooker. Observes gauges and thermometer and adjusts steam valves to control pressure cooker. Examines batch to detect lumps, and pumps mixture through homogenizer to ensure uniform consistency. Collects sample for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.484-010 STEAK SAUCE MAKER (can. & preserv.)

Prepares and cans mushroom steak sauce, using mixing, filling, and canning machines: Weighs ingredients, such as flour, chicken fat, starch, and seasoning, and dumps them into agitator partly filled with water. Closes kettle and cooks to proper consistency. Adds sliced mushrooms and continues cooking for specified time. Opens valve to permit flow of sauce to filling machine and starts automatic can filler and canning machines. Keeps hopper supplied with lids.
GOE: 06.02.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.485-010 BARREL FILLER (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment to transfer glucose from refinery to cooling equipment and storage tanks or to load tank cars and drums preparatory to shipment: Starts vat agitator, and turns valves to admit water to cooling coils and transfer glucose from refinery to cooling vat. Starts pump to transfer cooled glucose to storage tank or tank cars. Removes bung cap of drum and examines interior for cleanliness. Positions drum on rack and turns spigot to fill drum with glucose. Screws bung cap to seal filled drums, using wrench. Weighs drums before and after filling, and stencils tare, gross, and net weight on drums. Obtains sample of glucose from vat for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.485-014 BLOW-UP OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that mixes diatomaceous earth, milk of lime, and acid with liquors and syrups to form slurry for filtration process: Turns valves to regulate flow of slurries through series of blow-up tanks, and to maintain temperature, content level, and air agitation in tanks. Adds milk of lime or phosphoric acid to slurry to obtain specified alkalinity. Tests slurries for density, using refractometer, and adds liquor or diatomaceous earth to maintain specified density. Tests samples of slurries to ascertain that specified purification is occurring. Records operating data on forms or blackboard. Prepares phosphoric acid solutions of specified concentration for use in filtration process. Cleans blocked lines and blow-ups.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.485-018 DRIER, BELT CONVEYOR (food prep., nec)

Tends equipment that extrudes and dries compressed yeast to make bakers' active dry yeast: Dumps compressed yeast into hopper of extruding machine. Observes temperature indicator and moisture gauges on drier, and sets controls to maintain prescribed temperature and humidity in drier. Starts extruder that forms yeast into noodles and deposits them onto conveyor belt that carries yeast noodles through drier. Collects yeast samples from conveyor at specified locations in drier, submits samples to laboratory for analysis, and adjusts temperature and humidity of drier on basis of laboratory report. Connects mill to hopper outlet to grind dried yeast to specified fineness. Opens outlet of drier or mill hopper to fill containers. Weighs containers and records weight. Transfers containers to storage, using lift truck.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.485-022 MATURITY CHECKER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that mashes peas and registers force required to crush them to ascertain hardness (maturity) and grades peas: Fills measured pail with pea sample and weighs sample, using scale. Washes and cleans sample to remove debris, such as thistles and weeds, reweighs sample, and calculates percentage of waste per load of peas based on sample. Pours pea sample into top of size grader and counts number of peas in each grade level to calculate percentage of each grade of pea in crop. Dumps cleaned peas on grid of machine and closes cover. Starts motor to rotate disks of grid which mash peas and simultaneously registers force required on dial. Repeats test on second sample from same pan and records dial readings. Records average force required to mash peas, which determines quality of product. Inserts slip showing quality into container.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.485-026 WEIGH-TANK OPERATOR (oils & grease) alternate titles: scale-tank operator

Tends equipment to weigh oils and other ingredients used in making margarine or shortening, following standard formulas: Starts pump, and turns valve to admit ingredients into scale tank until specified weight has been reached. Positions weights on scale bar to weigh additives or smaller batches of ingredients. Records weights of ingredients. Turns valves to empty weighed ingredients from scale tanks into mixing vat for blending. May turn valve to admit air into scale tanks to agitate and mix ingredients.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.486-010 NUT-PROCESS HELPER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: cooker helper

Performs any combination of following duties concerned with processing nuts: Stirs nuts being boiled in water to soften shells preparatory to cracking, using paddle. Dumps softened nuts into hoppers or onto conveyors leading to cracking and packing machines. Changes nut-cracking barrels on machines, using handtools. Mixes, weighs, and pours nuts into containers. Cleans working areas, machines, and equipment. Moves materials, supplies, and nuts between work areas, using dollies and handtrucks. May be concerned with specific phase of nut processing and be designated Nut-Roaster Helper (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.487-010 SPECIAL TESTER (tobacco)

Tests tobacco samples from various stages of processing to determine conformance to quality standards: Obtains tobacco samples from various processing areas to ensure representative sampling. Conducts tests to determine characteristics of tobacco batch, such as stem length, percentage of lamina, stem, and foreign matter content, using scales, laboratory equipment, and calculator.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.565-010 SUGAR CONTROLLER (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment to screen, blend, and convey granulated and confectioner's sugar to packing room and storage bins: Installs separation screens in machines according to size of sugar crystals specified. Tests sugars for color and grist. Blends sugars according to specifications. Starts pneumatic conveyors and regulates speed to convey blended sugar to packing units or storage bins. Gives directions to workers in screening, blending, and routing of sugar. Keeps records of sugar on hand. Inspects equipment and reports malfunction to superior. May repair torn screens.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.567-010 CIGARETTE INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: catching inspector; cigarette examiner; cigarette-making examiner

Inspects cigarettes to determine quality of cigarette-making machine output: Collects and examines samples from each machine for defective printing, filling, sealing, and cutting. Places twenty cigarettes in tray gauge to verify dimensions. Verifies position of brand name printed on wrapper, using gauge. Weighs cigarettes to determine conformance to standard and records weight and hour of weighing. Notifies CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) of deviations from standards.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.567-014 MARKER, COMPANY (tobacco) alternate titles: embossing clerk

Inspects tobacco purchased by company at auction warehouse for quality and uniformity of grade and identifies each basket of tobacco: Pulls handful of tobacco from pile and inspects tobacco for damage, mixed color, and grades. Embosses company name over price marked on warehouse ticket to prevent alteration, using hand-embossing machine, or copies ticket and attaches duplicate to basket.
GOE: 05.09.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.582-010 CARBONATION EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Controls carbonation and sulfitation equipment to purify and bleach sugar solution: Reads alkalinity indicator and turns knob on instrument control panel or hand valves on tanks to regulate flow of sulfur dioxide gas, carbon dioxide gas, lime, milk of lime, saccharate slurry, or sugar beet juice into carbonation tanks. Draws, filters, and tests for alkalinity, solutions taken from carbonation tanks, using phenolphthalein and dilute hydrochloric acid. Records results of tests on form.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.582-014 FLASH-DRIER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)

Operates flash-drier and semiautomatic equipment to produce stockfeed or starch products from milled grain: Turns handwheels to regulate fineness of grind in processing stockfeed through attrition or hammer mill. Starts pumps and turns valves to regulate moisture content and flow of material through filters, shakers, and centrifugal separators to process starch products. Observes and reads instruments, such as thermometers and gauges to monitor process. Listens for alarm that indicates excessive temperature in drier. Turns valves to regulate gas burners and adjust drier temperature and flow of materials. Feels sample of product to determine dryness. Inspects conveyor system to prevent or correct jams. Keeps record of instrument readings and processing conditions. May manually operate equipment in event of emergency.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

529.585-010 CHEESE CUTTER (dairy products)

Tends machine that cuts blocks of cheese into pieces of specified shape and size: Examines cheese for defects in color, texture, and body. Bolts specified cutting head to machine, using wrench, adjusts stops on cutting table, and turns wheels to position cutting wires. Places block on table, and moves lever to lower cutting head or raise table to cut cheese. Weighs cut cheese, places pieces on conveyor, and records amount cut. May measure cheese with ruler and cut with hand cutter. May trim rind, mold, or sediment from cheese, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.585-014 TANK TENDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that distributes syrups, molasses, sludges, and sweet waters for further processing or into storage tanks: Starts pump to move liquid to tank or to transfer liquid to processing stations. Regulates amount of steam and air in tanks to maintain temperature and density of solutions. Adds milk of lime to liquid to maintain specified alkalinity. Records data concerning purity, density, and routing of tank contents. Drains and cleans lines and screen pots to prevent caking or contamination of liquor. Delivers samples of solutions to laboratory for analysis. May be designated according to tanks operated as Receiving-Tank Operator (sugar & conf.); Remelt-Pan-Tank Operator (sugar & conf.); White-Sugar-Pan-Tank Operator (sugar & conf.); White-Sugar-Syrup Operator (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.587-010 BOTTLE GAUGER (beverage) alternate titles: gauger

Measures quantity and temperature of whiskey in bottles as they are filled by bottle-filling machine: Removes, at random, filled bottle of whiskey from conveyor, empties contents into graduated cylinder and records scale reading indicating fluid ounces. Inserts thermometer and hydrometer into cylinder to measure temperature and proof of whiskey and records results of test. Compares readings with charts indicating desired company standards to ensure that high quality of product is maintained during bottling process. Pours contents of cylinder back into bottle and places bottle on conveyor for labeling. Records size of bottle being filled, serial numbers, and brand of whiskey.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.587-014 SAUSAGE INSPECTOR (meat products) alternate titles: frankfurter inspector

Inspects frankfurters, wieners, or link sausages for uniformity of length and firmness of stuffing. Records number and weight of product.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.587-018 SCRAP SEPARATOR (food prep., nec)

Separates macaroni scraps recovered from presses and packaging areas, according to type and condition, for disposal, remilling, or for sale as hog or poultry feed: Collects scraps dropped from processing and packaging equipment and sorts scrap into barrels for reprocessing, according to type of scrap (wet or dry), and dirt content. Removes trimmings from batch drier and dumps trimmings into barrels designated for remilling. Moves filled barrels to designated areas and replaces empty barrels in processing departments. Records amount and type of scrap recovered and its disposition.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.587-022 TOBACCO-SAMPLE PULLER (tobacco) alternate titles: moisture-test puller; sample puller; test puller

Obtains and grinds samples of tobacco leaves used in making moisture tests: Pulls leaves from hands of tobacco at discharge end of redrying machine or extracts sample of tobacco strips (stems removed) from hogsheads or shipping cartons, using electric auger. Feeds sample into grinder. Pours ground tobacco into container, places container in tumbler, starts tumbler to mix ground sample, and labels container showing date, machine, hogshead number, grade, and time collected. May only extract and label samples for grinding and be designated Sample Driller (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.665-010 FRUIT-GRADER OPERATOR (agriculture; wholesale tr.)

Tends machine that grades fruit according to size: Changes chains and other driving gear according to type of fruit. Directs workers engaged in loading of elevator belt and removal of graded fruit. Cleans and lubricates chains, bearings, and machine gears, using rags and grease gun. Repairs, replaces, and adjusts malfunctioning parts of machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.665-014 WASHROOM OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends beet washing equipment and elevators that clean sugar beets preparatory to slicing: Starts elevators and washing equipment, and turns valves to regulate water flow through washing vat. Signals FLUMER (sugar & conf.) I to adjust flow of beets in flume, using telephone. Turns valves to drain water from washing vat. Cleans debris from vat, using water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.665-018 WET-AND-DRY-SUGAR-BIN OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment, such as elevators, drags, and scrolls, that conveys wet sugar to granulator scrolls and dry sugar to separator screens: Signals GRANULATOR OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) with bell signal to stop granulator when content of wet-sugar bins is low or dry-sugar bins are congested. Washes equipment with hose and directs sweetwater (wash water containing sugar) into recovery system. Shuts off flow of sugar to each bin periodically to prevent caking and hardening of sugar in bins and conveying equipment. Refills bin after emptying.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.665-022 YEAST-CUTTING-AND-WRAPPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (food prep., nec) alternate titles: yeast-cake cutter

Tends machines that compress and extrude bulk yeast into continuous bars, cut bars into cakes of specified size, and wrap and heat-seal cakes: Signals worker to fill hopper of extruder with yeast. Positions and threads roll of paper, plastic film, or foil through roller guide of wrapping mechanism, and starts machines. Removes yeast cakes from conveyor emerging from cutter and feeds cakes into wrapping machine, discarding cracked or malformed cakes. Observes cutting and wrapping operation to detect jamming or twisted wrapping. Packs wrapped yeast cakes in cartons.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.666-010 CATCHER, FILTER TIP (tobacco) alternate titles: catcher, plug

Off bears and examines cigarette filter plugs (tips) discharged from cigarette filter-making machine: Picks up double handful of plugs and examines them for defects in cutting, gluing, size, and filling. Inspects both ends of plugs and places plugs in tray. Removes defective plugs from tray. Notifies CIGARETTE-FILTER-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) of defective product.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.666-014 CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE CATCHER (tobacco) alternate titles: cigarette and assembly-machine inspector; making-machine catcher

Off bears and examines cigarettes discharged from cigarette-making machine and places them in cigarette tray preparatory to packaging: Picks up double handful of cigarettes from conveyor and observes cigarettes to detect defective gluing, filling, and printing of brand name. Places cigarettes in tray and pushes cigarettes against back of tray to even edges, using hand or paddle. Places defective cigarettes in separate container. Periodically inserts 20 cigarettes in tray gauge to verify length, circumference, and location of brand name. Notifies CIGARETTE-FILTER-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) of machine malfunction.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.667-010 INSPECTOR, FILTER TIP (tobacco) alternate titles: inspector, plug seam

Inspects cigarette filter plugs (tips) to detect imperfections: Removes plugs from conveyor of filter-making machine and examines plugs for dirt and irregularities in size, firmness, sealing, and cut. Tears paper from plug and examines filter material for defects. Measures and examines plug seams, using magnifying glass with graduated scale. Records findings on chart. Notifies CIGARETTE-FILTER-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) or MACHINE ADJUSTER (tobacco) of deviations from specifications. Tests air draft of filter rods, using draft-resistance meter.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.667-014 MASH-FILTER-CLOTH CHANGER (beverage) alternate titles: cloth changer

Removes and replaces filter cloth in mash filter, working as member of team: Unscrews and removes backplate of filter. Slides cloth-covered plates out of filter to drop spent grains on conveyor. Pulls wet cloths off plates and throws cloths into disposal chute. Moves racks of clean cloths to filter, using electric hoist. Positions and fits cloths over plates and replaces plates. Washes inside and outside of filter, using hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.682-010 CENTRIFUGE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: drier operator

Controls centrifuge machine to melt, mix, and filter chicle for use in manufacturing chewing gum: Weighs specified amounts of ingredients and moves ingredients to machine, using handtruck. Loads ground chicle into steam-jacketed cooker of centrifuge according to prescribed time sequence. Reads gauges and turns air pressure and steam valves to maintain specified temperature and pressure in cooker and to control melting of chicle. Starts pumps that force melted chicle through strainers that filter out impurities and pump chicle into receiving tank. Cleans strainers and filters to remove collected impurities. Lubricates and makes minor repairs to equipment.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.682-014 CHEESEMAKER HELPER (dairy products)

Operates dairy processing equipment and performs following tasks to assist CHEESEMAKER (dairy products) in making cheese: Separates and pasteurizes milk, using dairy processing equipment. Starts pump, turns valves, and observes gauges to fill cheese vats with specified amount of milk and maintain specified temperature in vats. Dumps dye and starter into milk. Starts agitator to mix ingredients. Dumps rennet into vat to coagulate milk into curd. Dumps, presses, and salts curd. Pierces, washes, and turns cheese blocks to cure cheese. Operates washing machine and extractor to clean and dry cloths. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

529.682-018 DEPOSITING-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: first helper; starch crab

Operates machine that deposits metered amount of fluid candy in molds, on trays or mats, or directly on conveyor: Opens valve or starts pump to fill hopper of machine. Observes thermometer and adjusts steam supply to maintain specified temperature in steam-jacketed machine hopper. Turns handwheel to regulate flow of candy from depositing spout. Positions trays, molds, or mats on conveyor leading to machine. Turns handwheel to synchronize piston stroke of depositor with speed of conveyor belt. Weighs formed candy and adjusts pouring spouts to regulate specified amount of candy deposited. May manually feed trays, molds or mats into machine. May prepare starch molds [STARCHMAKER (sugar & conf.)]. May be designated according to candy formed as Mint-Wafer Depositor (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.682-022 DRIER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Controls equipment, such as mixing and treating tanks, incubator (pasteurizer), and drier, to alkalize nibs (cracked roasted cocoa beans) for dutch process chocolate: Mixes measured amounts of water with potash in mixing tank to prepare alkali solution. Turns thermostat, rheostat, valves, and switches to control pasteurization process in incubator, temperature of drier, processing time cycles, and speed of conveyor carrying nibs and other materials to and from equipment. Immerses measured amounts of nibs in alkali solution in treating tank and allows tank to rotate for specified time. Releases treated nibs onto conveyor or through slide gate to admit into storage bins or to pasteurizer for specified time. Discharges pasteurized nibs onto conveyor to carry material through drier. Collects samples of dried nibs for laboratory analysis. May move and position portable incubator, using electric truck. May pregrind nibs preparatory to making chocolate liquor [LIQUOR-GRINDING-MILL OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)].
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.682-026 LOZENGE MAKER (sugar & conf.)

Operates machine that rolls dough into sheets, and embosses and cuts dough into candy lozenges: Positions and secures cutting and embossing dies in place, using wrench. Adjusts ram stroke of cutting die to synchronize it with speed of dough rollers and discharge conveyor. Turns handwheel to adjust clearance between rollers. Dumps lozenge dough into hopper and starts machine. Sprinkles cornstarch onto dough to prevent sticking to rollers and dies. Examines and weighs formed lozenges for conformity to size, shape, and weight specifications, and readjusts roller speed and clearance to meet product standards. May adjust printer bars on machines to print or emboss designs on lozenges before cutting.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.682-030 SILO OPERATOR (tobacco)

Controls panelboard to convey stemmed and redried tobacco from redrying machines into silos (interim storage) and to packing machines: Pushes buttons to start conveyors in specified sequence, according to daily production schedule. Observes dials and gauges to route stemmed and redried tobacco from redrying machines, through silo, and into packing machines. Observes panel lights for indication of malfunction and adjusts conveyors to regulate feed of tobacco into and out of silos.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.682-034 WHIPPED-TOPPING FINISHER (oils & grease)

Operates equipment to process ingredients, such as oil, emulsifier, stabilizer, liquid sugar, and flavorings into whipped topping: Turns valves and starts pump to transfer mixed batch through equipment, such as blending tank, versator, pasteurizer, homogenizer, and colloid mill and into storage tank. Adjusts colloid mill to reduce liquid particles to specified emulsion size. Observes gauges and adjusts valves to control temperature and pressure when pasteurizing, homogenizing, and cooling product. Observes gauge on storage tank to ensure maintenance of specified stock level. Turns valve to blanket product with carbon dioxide to prevent contamination. Cleans equipment, using water, solvents, and brushes.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

529.682-038 EGG PASTEURIZER (agriculture)

Controls and monitors equipment that pasteurizes liquid egg product: Connects pipes between holding tanks and processing equipment and assembles equipment parts, such as fittings and valves, using wrench. Turns control to set timer for pumping cycle, records starting time on processing record, and adjusts temperature controls to bring temperatures to specified level. Places container under discharge outlet to collect initial flow of water and liquid egg product through equipment. Turns valves to admit liquid egg product from holding tank into collection pot and to start pump that propels product and water through equipment. Turns bypass valve to direct flow into discharge containers until mix of water and egg product reaches desired density. Turns valve to shut off bypass and to direct liquid egg product to containerization room. Monitors product flow and adjusts controls to maintain temperature and pressure at specified levels. Turns bypass valve to shut off flow to containerization room when mixture thins. Drains remaining flow into discharge containers.
GOE: 06.02.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

529.684-010 FROZEN PIE MAKER (can. & preserv.)

Measures specified amounts of ingredients, such as precooked meats, vegetables, fruits, or sauce, into dough-lined pie plate, and covers ingredients with prerolled pie crust topping in preparation for freezing: Manually bones meats. Weighs specified amount of meat, vegetable, or fruit pieces and places them in pie plate. Adds specified ingredients, such as sugar, spices, or sauce, to fill pie plate. Covers pie with prerolled pie crust and crimps edges, using hand crimping device. Dips brush in egg yolk mixture and spreads mixture over pie crust. Places pie in refrigerator to dry egg topping. Removes dried pies, packs pies in boxes, and stacks boxes in freezer.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.684-014 INGREDIENT SCALER (bakery products; dairy products) alternate titles: ingredient mixer

Measures ingredients according to formula for bakery, dairy, and confectionery batches: Reads daily production schedules and selects formula cards for desired batches. Weighs dry ingredients on scales or pours liquid ingredients into graduated containers. Places assembled ingredients for each batch with identifying batch number on conveyor or handtruck or dumps batches in mixing bowl or machine. Records number of batches prepared.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

529.684-018 SIEVE MAKER (grain-feed mills)

Makes and repairs sieves used in flour sifting machines, using handtools: Tacks cotton cloth lining onto frame and stretches and staples wire screen across bottom. Places free-moving cloth pads in frame. Stretches and tacks silk cloth across top of frame. Tacks strips of cotton flannel around outer sides of frame so sieve fits snugly into machine. Removes and replaces defective parts of damaged sieves. May be designated according to function as Sieve Repairer (grain-feed mills).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-010 AUTO ROLLER (tobacco)

Tends machine that automatically rolls cigars and cheroots: Starts machine and positions wrapper leaf on die of machine. Pulls handle that lowers knife and cuts wrapper leaf in shape of die. Feeds cut wrapper leaves into machine along with bunches.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-014 AUTOMATIC LUMP MAKING MACHINE TENDER (tobacco)

Tends machine that automatically presses and slices cased (tobacco with flavoring added), shredded tobacco into lumps of chewing tobacco: Turns knobs to adjust speed of machine conveyor according to brand, grade, and weight of cased tobacco. Starts machine and observes operation to detect malfunctions, such as jam-ups or uneven flow of tobacco entering machine. Stops machine to remove tobacco caught between pressing rollers or weighing unit. Weighs random lumps to verify accuracy of reject weighing unit, using scale. Turns knob to adjust weighing unit as necessary to maintain standard weight of lumps. Replenishes containers with alcohol solution that is automatically sprayed on machine rollers and conveyor to prevent sticking of cased tobacco. Cleans machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-018 BINDER LAYER (tobacco)

Tends unit of fresh-work cigar machine that cuts binder leaves: Starts machine. Flattens binder leaf and lays it on suction plate die. Repositions leaf on die as machine cuts and removes portions. Brushes leaf scraps into box.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-022 BLENDER-CONVEYOR OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends machines that automatically grind, sift, weigh, blend, and convey milk powders to instantizing and filling vats: Slides specified screens into grinder, opens chutes on conveyor, and dumps blended powder into vat. Weighs ingredients, such as potash, salt, soda, and vitamins, according to formula, and dumps them into blending machine. Starts machines that automatically grind and screen chunks of dried milk, weigh and blend powder with other ingredients, and convey blended powder to instantizing or filling vats. May weigh prescribed amount of liquid lecithin and pump into blending vat. May operate power lift truck to move material.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-026 BOTTLED-BEVERAGE INSPECTOR (beverage) alternate titles: beverage-inspection-machine tender; bottle inspector

Tends beverage inspection machine, equipped with photoelectric cell, that automatically detects and rejects filled beverage bottles containing solid impurities: Starts conveyor that conveys bottles filled with alcoholic or nonalcoholic beverages through inspection machine. Removes rejected bottles from reject tray and examines contents of bottles in front of inspection light to verify presence of solid impurities. Drops bottles containing impurities in refuge container for disposal. Observes bottles on conveyor to detect jamming or bottle defects, such as chips and cracks. Drops defective bottles in refuse container for disposal. Removes fallen or other bottles blocking feed or discharge openings of inspection machine and replaces bottles on conveyor. Periodically places test bottle in feed opening of inspection machine and examines reject tray for bottle to ensure that machine is operative.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-030 BRINE-TANK TENDER (dairy products) alternate titles: pusher; putter-in

Tends equipment to make frozen stick confections, performing any combination of following tasks: Positions mold pan under filler spouts and presses pedal to fill pan with ice cream, fruit juice, or syrup mix. Places tray against machine and pushes levers to insert and lock sticks in tray slots. Places tray over mold pan and presses switch or pushes pans to move them over brine tank to freeze ingredient onto sticks. Dips frozen mold pans into water to defrost and removes tray of stick bars. Dips tray of frozen bars into chocolate and places tray on conveyor leading to chill tunnel. Fills dispensers of bagging machine, positions tray over bagging chutes, and pulls lever to drop bars into bags. Turns valves, controls, and switches to alter level of mix in molds, flow of ingredients into filler hopper and chocolate tank, or temperature of chocolate or brine. May test brine content, using hydrometer and add salt to maintain prescribed strength. May mix flavor, sugar, and water to make flavored ice mixes. May fill dispensers and remove jammed sticks from automatic stick machines. May be designated according to work performed as Mold Filler (dairy products); Mold Remover (dairy products); Stick Inserter (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-034 BULKER, CUT TOBACCO (tobacco)

Tends chutes and raking machine to feed and spread tobacco evenly into bulks: Opens chute to direct flow of tobacco into bulks and starts rake. Adjusts angle of rake to spread tobacco evenly in bulks.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-038 BUNCH MAKER, MACHINE (tobacco) alternate titles: bunch-breaker-machine operator; buncher, machine; short-filler-bunch-machine operator

Tends machine that rolls cigar filler and binder leaves into bunches: Places binder on rubberized fabric apron (breaker) of machine, and pulls lever of hopper to distribute filler on binder, or manually distributes filler. Presses pedal of machine that rolls tobacco into cigar shape. Removes bunch from machine and applies glue to edge of binder to secure binder. Places bunches in molds for compressing or in machine that wraps them in wrapper leaves to form complete cigar. May be designated according to type of tobacco used in forming bunches as Scrap-Bunch Maker (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-042 BUTT MAKER (tobacco)

Tends machine that forms scrap and binder leaf tobacco into cigar-like roll and cuts roll into butts (slices) of chewing tobacco: Starts machine and dumps scrap into hopper of machine. Feeds binder leaf into machine that wraps leaf around scrap into roll and conveys roll under cutting knives. Places box or basket at discharge end of machine to catch butts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-046 CAN-CONVEYOR FEEDER (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that automatically feeds empty coffee cans onto conveyors leading to filling machines: Presses button to activate machine-lift mechanism that raises stacked cans and transfers them onto mechanical conveyor. Observes passing cans and removes defective ones. May place cans on sloping metal runway leading to conveyors to feed cans onto conveyors from freight cars. May transfer cans from containers onto belt or chain conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-050 CHAR-CONVEYOR TENDER (sugar & conf.)

Tends conveyor-belt system to distribute wet char from filters to drying hoppers and dried char from driers or bins to filters: Starts conveyor system under filter being emptied, and positions gate on belt over designated hopper to divert char from belt into hopper. Rakes char from one hopper to another to keep hoppers full. Starts shaker machine that distributes dried char from hopper or bins onto conveyor for transmission to filters. Inspects and cleans drier screens and pots. Sweeps and weighs char dust from dust-cooler room. May be designated according to condition of char as Wet-Char Conveyor Tender (sugar & conf.); or location of job as Char Conveyor Tender, Cellar (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-054 CHOCOLATE MOLDER, MACHINE (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine and equipment that deposit tempered chocolate into molds to form bars, blocks, and assorted figures: Opens valves to draw chocolate from tempering kettle or automatic tempering equipment into water-jacketed depositor of molding machine. Observes thermometer and turns valves to admit and circulate water in jacket to maintain specified temperature of chocolate in depositor. Adjusts piston stroke of depositor that forces measured amounts of chocolate into conveyorized molds, using handtools. Turns handwheel to adjust speed of conveyor. Starts machine. Weighs filled molds to ensure that weight of chocolate casts meet specifications. Observes thermometer and turns thermostat and valve to control temperature in cooling tunnel. Observes action of machine to ensure that molds do not jam. May temper chocolate [CHOCOLATE TEMPERER (bakery products; grain-feed mills)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-058 CIGAR-HEAD PIERCER (tobacco) alternate titles: cigar-head holer; cigar-head pegger; cigar-head perforator; cigar-head puncher; cigar-head stringer

Pierces draft holes in ends of cigars. Holds cigar in guide of machine and presses pedal that forces revolving pin into cigar, or manually pushes pin into cigar to pierce draft holes in ends of cigars.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-062 CIGARETTE-FILTER-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: plug-making operator

Tends machine that wraps and cuts cigarette filter plugs (tips): Installs rolls of filter material (fiber) and tissue paper on spindles of machine and threads ends between rollers. Starts machine and observes machine operation, product, and gauges to detect malfunction. Turns setscrew or handwheel to adjust feed mechanism and cutting knives. Repairs or replaces worn, damaged, or broken parts, such as pulley belts and cutting knives, using handtools. Removes and replaces empty paste cylinders. Supplies CATCHER, FILTER TIPS (tobacco) with empty cardboard trays and removes filled trays onto pallet.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-066 CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: cigarette and assembly machine operator; making-machine operator, filter

Tends cigarette-making machine that encases tobacco in continuous paper roll and cuts cigarettes from roll: Places roll of cigarette paper on spindle. Sets monogram-printing device to print brand name on paper at specified position, using wrenches. Regulates flow of shredded tobacco to ensure that cigarette contains specified amount of tobacco. Fills ink and glue reservoirs. Threads cigarette paper between guide rolls and adjusts friction tension on holding spindles, using wrench. Starts machine and observes operation. Reports malfunction to MACHINE ADJUSTER (tobacco). Cleans paper scraps and waste materials from machine, using brush. Places coil of tipping material on spindle and fills hopper with filters when making filter-, cork-, straw-, or ivory-tipped cigarettes. Replaces full catching trays. May be designated according to type of cigarette as Filter-Cigarette-Making-Machine Operator (tobacco).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-070 COLORER, CITRUS FRUIT (wholesale tr.)

Tends equipment to subject citrus fruits to ethylene gas to destroy chlorophyll and produce fruit of natural appearance: Ascertains from supervisor time, humidity, and amount of gas to be used for each lot of fruit stored in coloring room. Observes gauges and dials and manipulates controls to steam-heat room, to pump gas throughout room, and to keep specified humidity.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-074 CONTAINER WASHER, MACHINE (any industry)

Tends machine that cleans and sterilizes containers, such as barrels, fruit juice bottles, milk cans, and baking pans: Moves controls to fill washing and sterilizing tanks with water and steam, and to regulate temperature in cleaning tank. Dumps specified amounts of chemicals into cleaning tank. Loads containers on conveyor that carries containers through cleaning and sterilizing operations. Examines containers for cleanliness and defects, such as dents and cracks. Cleans and lubricates equipment. May manually clean containers prior to machine cleaning, using sponge or brush. May be designated according to type of container washed as Barrel Washer, Machine (any industry); Bottle Washer, Machine (any industry) I; Can Washer, Machine (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-078 CORN-PRESS OPERATOR (food prep., nec)

Tends machine that shapes and cooks dough to make tortillas and corn chips: Kneads masa (cornmeal dough) into loaves as masa emerges from corn-grinding machine and places masa into hopper of shaping machine. Starts machine to flatten dough between rollers, cut it into shape, and convey shaped dough through baking oven to make tortillas, or frying tank to make corn chips. Inspects cooked tortillas or corn chips for color, size, and texture and regulates cooking temperature and conveying speed as required. May be designated according to product made as Corn-Chip Maker (food prep., nec); Tortilla Maker (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-082 CUTTER (food prep., nec)

Tends bandsaw or cut-off saw to cut macaroni products, such as spaghetti and noodles, into packaging lengths: Slides strands of macaroni product from drying stick onto table and presses curved ends to break strands in half. Gathers strands into bunches and positions them against saw guide. Starts saw, cuts product into specified lengths, and packs them in carton. May tend hydraulic knife to cut products.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-086 DECAY-CONTROL OPERATOR (wholesale tr.)

Tends machine that pumps gas to retard decay of fresh fruits and vegetables during storage and shipment: Loads machine with chlorine and salt. Starts machine that pumps gas into storage space or freight car. Periodically tests concentration of gas, using comparometer, and adjusts flow accordingly. Stops machine when specified time has elapsed and blows gas from storage area or freight car.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-090 DEFECTIVE-CIGARETTE SLITTER (tobacco) alternate titles: ripper operator; slitting-machine feeder

Tends machine that cuts paper from defective cigarettes to reclaim tobacco: Attaches hoisting bar to tub of cigarettes. Starts machine and pulls rope to hoist tub and dump cigarettes into hopper that feeds cigarettes under cutting knives and onto separator (vibrating screen) that separates paper from tobacco.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-094 DEOILING-MACHINE AND PASTEURIZING-MACHINE OPERATOR (beverage)

Tends machines that extract and pasteurize oils from citrus fruit juices: Starts machines, and turns steam valves to heat juice. Observes steam gauges and thermometers and adjusts controls to keep temperature and pressure within specified limits. Notifies supervisor of malfunctioning machines. Washes machines.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-098 DRIER OPERATOR, DRUM (food prep., nec)

Tends machines that dry and grind liquid food products, such as chocolate, malt, milk, or yeast: Turns valve to control flow of steam to heat drier to operating temperature and observes thermometer and pressure gauge to ensure that specified temperature and pressure are maintained. Installs cutting blades and screens in mill. Starts drier and turns valve to regulate material flow between heated revolving drums. Observes thickness and color of dried material sheet emerging from drums to determine moisture content of material. Turns screws to adjust drum speed and thickness of sheet to ensure that required dryness of material is attained. Turns screws to adjust knife that scrapes material off drum. Starts conveyor that carries dried material into mill. Places container at outlet of mill to catch dry, ground product. May be designated according to material dried and ground as Yeast-Drier Operator, Drum (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-102 DUMPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.)

Tends dumping machine that automatically grips, tilts, and dumps boxes of fruit or other produce into flue or onto conveyor leading to washing vat, and returns empty boxes. May start and stop conveyor to control flow of fruit. May oil, grease, and make minor adjustments to machine. May clear box jams and restart machine.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-106 EXPELLER OPERATOR (grain-feed mills; oils & grease) alternate titles: corn-oil extractor; roll operator

Tends machine that flattens and dries oilseed, such as soybean, cottonseed, and corn, and presses it to extract oil: Turns handwheels to adjust distance between rollers that flatten oilseed. Starts rollers and turns gate valve to admit oilseed. Observes rolling process to ensure that pressure of rollers on oilseed is not sufficient to extract oil. Turns control of heat drier to specified temperature, and opens chute to admit flattened oilseed to drier. Turns steam valves of heat cooker to cook dried oilseed. Turns handwheels to adjust roller pressure of oil expeller. Feels samples of expelled oilseed to determine that sufficient quantity of oil has been removed. May tend attrition mill that breaks up dehydrated oilseed [MILL OPERATOR (grain-feed mills)]. May tend filter press to filter oil [PRESS TENDER, HEAD, FEED HOUSE (grain-feed mills)]. May be designated according to process phase as Crusher Tender (oils & grease); Drier Tender (oils & grease) II; Oil-Expeller (grain-feed mills; oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-110 FILLER SHREDDER, MACHINE (tobacco) alternate titles: filler sifter, machine; scrap cutter, machine; shredded-filler-cutter operator

Tends machine that cuts tobacco leaves into shreds and cleans shredded tobacco for use as cigar filler: Spreads tobacco evenly on conveyor feed belt or dumps tobacco into hopper of machine. Starts machine. Scrapes tobacco from revolving knife of machine. Replaces filled receptacles under filler chute and foreign matter chutes.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-114 FILTER TENDER, JELLY (can. & preserv.)

Tends control panel that regulates flow of fruit juices through filtering system and cooks juices preparatory to processing into jelly: Depresses button to regulate flow of juice from storage tank, through filter system, into cooking kettle. Turns valves to open supply lines to add specified amount of sugar into kettle and activates heating controls to cool mixture. Turns valves on centrifugal pump to transfer juice from kettles to receiving tanks for processing into jelly.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-118 FISH CLEANER MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machine that removes heads, fins, viscera, and tails from fish preparatory to canning: Starts machine and conveyor system. Positions fish on feed table and aligns head with cutting knife. Places beheaded fish in machine feed trough and pushes tail into teeth of fish cleaning machine. Pulls lever to regulate speed of conveyors. May replace worn knives, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-122 FISH-CAKE MAKER (food prep., nec)

Tends machines and equipment that grind, mix, form, and cook raw fish to make fishcakes: Skins and bones fish, using knife. Places boned fish in grinding machine that grinds fish into paste. Dumps paste in mixing machine and adds specified amounts of ingredients, such as flour, water, and spices. Feeds mixed ingredients into extrusion machine that forms and places fishcakes onto conveyor for transfer to automatic deep-fry cooker, freezing tunnel, and packaging machine. May cook cakes in steam cooker or fries cakes in oil. May wrap cooked fishcakes in wax paper.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-126 FLAVOR EXTRACTOR (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment that extracts cereal flavoring from mixture of malt, sugar, salt, water, and other ingredients: Opens valve to fill mixing tank with water. Dumps specified amount of malt into hopper, from which it is fed through crimping rolls and into mixing tank. Starts agitator revolving in tank. Opens valve admitting steam to tank jacket or lights gas burners to maintain specified temperature of mix for prescribed time. Turns valve to drain liquid into flavor tank. Dumps sugar, salt, and other ingredients into tank according to formula, and turns valve to pump mixture to storage tank. Removes spent mash from mixing tank, using hoe, and dumps it into feed trough.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-130 FLAVOR ROOM WORKER (dairy products)

Tends equipment, such as blenders, roasters and grinders, and performs any combination of following tasks to prepare ice cream flavoring, coloring, and nut and fruit mixtures: Weighs or measures specified quantities of ingredients, such as syrup, sugar, water, butter, fruit pulp, fruit juice, salt, dye, and gelatin, using graduate. Dumps ingredients into blending vat. Turns valve and starts agitator to heat and blend contents for specified period. Opens valve to start flow of blend to storage vat, or moves it to processing unit, using handtruck. Fills hopper of nut grinder and turns knob to adjust teeth for desired grind. Dumps ground nuts into roaster and adjusts burner to roast them. Dumps prepared fruits into sieve to remove juice. Observes ingredients and removes foreign matter. Sprays containers and equipment with sterilizing solution to clean them. Maintains inventory of supplies.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-134 FRUIT-BAR MAKER (sugar & conf.)

Tends machine that grinds dried fruit preparatory to making natural fruit confections: Dumps mixed dried fruit, such as raisins, dates, figs, and prunes, into machine hopper and starts grinder. Places container at machine discharge outlet to receive ground fruit. Removes filled container and molds ground fruit into circular shape by hand. Cuts molded fruit into equal bars, using hand held cutting wheel. Places bars onto tray preparatory to coconut coating.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-138 HAM-ROLLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends machine that winds binding around boned hams: Threads binding string through winding shaft and starts machine. Impales boned ham on spiked pilot. Pushes lever to engage winding shaft with pilot and steps on treadle to wind string spirally around ham. Holds ham between hands during winding to maintain its round shape. Stops machine, cuts and ties string, and removes bound ham.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-142 HORSERADISH MAKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: horseradish grinder

Tends machines and equipment to wash, grind, mix, and bottle horseradish: Starts machine to wash horseradish roots. Dumps washed roots on floor. Holds root against rotating wire brush to remove skin and blemishes. Places container under discharge outlet of grinder, starts machine manually, and feeds roots into grinder hopper. Turns valve to fill mixing machine with vinegar to specified level. Dumps ground horseradish into mixer and starts machine. Tilts mixer, or ladles out mixed horseradish into containers. Loads horseradish into hopper of filling machine, and starts machine. Holds jars under filling spout that deposits measured amount of horseradish in jar. Manually caps and labels jars. May dump horseradish roots into washing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-146 ICE CREAM FREEZER ASSISTANT (dairy products) alternate titles: freezer assistant

Assists FREEZER OPERATOR (dairy products) to freeze and package ice cream, performing any combination of following tasks: Pours cans of fruit into sieve to separate juice. Places cans of chocolate coating into hot water vat, pushes barrel into mechanical heating unit, or adds specified amount of water to chocolate to increase its fluidity. Measures specified kinds and amounts of ingredients, such as ice cream mix, flavor, and color. Starts pump, or dumps ingredients into flavor-mix tanks to maintain continuous flow of mix into freezer. Adjusts guides or controls of automatic carton forming, filling, and wrapping machines. Shapes and feeds carton blanks, bottoms, and rims into carton forming machine [CARTON-FORMING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry)]. Holds bulk carton under filler head or places it on mechanical filling platform to fill carton with ice cream. Weighs carton. May mix ingredients, such as fruit juice, color, water, flavor, sugar, citric acid, and stabilizers to make mix for frozen ice confections. When tending flavor tanks, may be known as Flavor-Tank Tender (dairy products). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-150 ICE CUTTER (food prep., nec)

Tends machines that crush, shave, cut, or cube ice: Pulls blocks of ice into working area with tongs, and breaks ice into chunks, using ice pick or pronged bar. Feeds ice into hoppers of crushing or shaving machines. Places bag under discharge chute and pulls lever to fill bag with crushed or shaved ice. Ties wire around bag, marks weight on bag, and slides bag into storage room. Cuts blocks of ice to specified size, using handsaw, power saw, or heated shear-blade. Pushes sections of ice over series of rotating saws that cut it into layers, rows, and cubes. May be designated according to work performed as Cube Cutter (food prep., nec); Ice Crusher (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-154 LABORER, STARCH FACTORY (grain-feed mills)

Tends equipment, such as grinders and mixers, and performs any combination of following tasks to convert vegetables and grain, such as potatoes, corn, and wheat, into starch: Transports grain or vegetable from storage, using lift truck, opens sacks, and dumps materials into chute or conveyor leading to grinding mill. Tends hammermill that removes foreign matter and grinds grain or vegetable into particles to form starch paste. Turns valves and starts pumps and paddle agitators to transfer starch solution to settling vat, flush impurities from surface of solution, using water hose, drain water, and mix fresh water with settled starch. Adds and mixes chemicals to starch milk as directed. Starts pump, centrifuges, and driers to remove excess moisture from white (purified) starch. Fills and weighs bags of dried starch and transports bags to storage, using lift or handtruck. May be designated Door Slinger (grain-feed mills) when opening and closing lever-actuated doors of starch kiln.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-158 LARD REFINER (meat products; oils & grease)

Tends equipment that cooks animal fat, and filters and bleaches oil: Cooks fat in steam-jacketed kettle. Turns valve to admit rendered oil to agitator tank. Starts agitator, and turns valve to heat tank. Dumps specified amount of fuller's earth (bleaching agent) into tank. Turns valves to transfer oil through filter drums into storage tank. May add preservative solution to lard in mixing tank and press button to blend ingredients. May be designated according to material handled as Oleo-Hasher-And-Renderer (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-162 LINKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)

Tends one or more machines that automatically tie stuffed casings into links to form meat products, such as frankfurters, sausages, and wieners: Threads string into tying mechanism of machine and turns screws to regulate length of links. Starts machine and feeds end of stuffed casing into machine. Hangs string of linked casings on racks or rods for transfer to smokeroom.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-166 MEAT BLENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machinery that grinds and mixes frozen meat with water according to formula for use in baby food: Opens cartons of specified weight meat and places specified weight into automatic dumping mechanism of grinder. Turns valves and presses buttons to start grinder, conveyor, mixing machine, and pump that grind and blend meat with specified amount of water, and transfer mixture to storage tanks. Observes conveyor to prevent jamming and rakes meat from jammed conveyor into mixing machine. Occasionally weighs, cuts, and adds additional chunks of meat into grinder to meet batch weight specifications, using platform scale and electric bandsaw. Records batches processed.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-170 MOISTURE-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco)

Tends moisture-machine that automatically moistens filler tobacco preparatory to processing: Pushes button to start automatic machine which forces prongs through boxes of tobacco to release preset amount of steam. Observes gauges to ensure that specified amount of steam pressure is maintained. Stops machine and notifies supervisor of machine malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-174 NUT ROASTER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: cooker; oven roaster; roaster

Tends equipment that roasts, blanches, and cleans shelled nuts: Sets temperature and time controls on oven for roasting process. Fills trays with nuts by hand and places trays in oven, or dumps nuts into feeder bin of screen conveyorized cooker or rotary drum in oven. Removes sample of nuts from oven, using spoon, compares nuts with color standard, and adjusts time and temperature controls of oven to ensure specified roasting. Removes specified number of trays of roasted nuts from oven for further processing, or pulls lever to empty roasted nuts from rotary oven into bin. Smooths out nuts in bin, using rake. Pushes bin over forced draft air vent to cool nuts. Tilts bin by hand or by hoist to dump cooled nuts into hopper of machines that remove skins, sprouts, stones, shell particles, and dirt, and starts machine. May immerse and roast nuts in hot oil bath. May coat nuts with liquid gum arabic prior to roasting to provide adhesive surface for salt. May sprinkle nuts with salt, garlic, cheese, or other seasonings by hand or by using automatic equipment. May pack nuts in bags or sacks. May be designated according to kind of nut roasted as Almond Roaster (can. & preserv.); Peanut Roaster (can. & preserv.); or according to whether oil is used as Dry Roaster (can. & preserv.); Wet Roaster (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-178 PEANUT-BUTTER MAKER (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec)

Tends machines that make peanut butter: Opens valves to fill mixing chamber with roasted nuts, and adds specified amounts of salt, sugar, and homogenizing ingredients. Observes gauges to determine if temperature in mixing chamber is within specified limits. Turns dial to regulate speed of pumps which force mixture through grinding chambers. Opens valves to allow mixture to flow from one grinding chamber to another to obtain specified texture, and transfer ground mixture into cooling mixer. May tend automatic equipment that roasts nuts, fills, labels, and caps containers, and packs containers in shipping cartons.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-182 PLUG-CUTTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: plug-cutter; plug-cutting-and-wrapping-machine operator

Tends machine that cuts plugs of chewing or smoking tobacco into plugs of specified size for retailing: Loads plugs into hopper that discharges plugs onto conveyor leading to knives. Starts flow of flavoring onto knives or wipes knives with cloth dipped in flavoring to lubricate cutters. May scrape cutting knives with blade to remove tobacco particles. May tend cellophane-wrapping machine in tandem with cutter. May pack plugs in cartons manually.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-186 PLUG-OVERWRAP-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco)

Tends machine that wraps lumps of chewing tobacco in $T3homogenized leaf$T1 prior to further processing: Mounts roll of homogenized leaf on holding rod of machine and guides leaf through rollers and under cutter. Pours glue into container. Starts machine and observes operation of machine to detect malfunctions. Stops machine when malfunction or jam-up occurs, and removes lump end leaf from machine to clear jam-up. Sprays machine parts with alcohol to prevent tobacco sticking and notifies mechanic when machine requires adjustment or repair.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-190 PRESERVATIVE FILLER, MACHINE (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: syruper

Tends machine that automatically dispenses brine, oil, salt, or syrup into containers of food products prior to lidding or capping: Starts machine and turns valves to allow flow of solution. Feeds or guides containers onto conveyor that carries containers under dispensing nozzles. Observes filling operation and adjusts flow of solution or material to optimum volume. Removes broken jars from conveyor and deposits jars in waste receptacles. May fill machine reservoirs with dry salt, oil, brine, or sugar solution as required. May be designated according to solution used as Briner, Machine (can. & preserv.); Oil Dispenser (can. & preserv.); Syruper, Machine (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-194 RAW-JUICE WEIGHER (sugar & conf.)

Tends equipment that automatically weighs specified amount of raw sugar-cane juice to fill processing tanks: Opens valves to admit juice and lime solution. Adds chemicals to solution to remove impurities. Takes samples of juice for laboratory analysis. Washes tanks, using water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-198 REFINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (oils & grease)

Tends machine that refines crude oils, such as soybean, cottonseed, and peanut: Turns valve to pump oil and caustic solution from storage tanks into machine tanks as specified. Starts machine to separate caustic from oil by centrifugal force. Sets thermostat, observes gauges, and regulates valves to maintain prescribed temperature in wash and dryer tanks. Turns valves to pump mixtures to wash and dryer tank to remove byproducts with water, and impurities with heat. Turns valve to pump refined oil to storage tanks. Cleans bowls, using water and steam. May test samples of crude and refined oil to determine specific gravity and free fatty acid content, using hydrometer and refractometer. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Sharples-Machine Operator (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-202 RENDERING-EQUIPMENT TENDER (meat products)

Tends equipment, such as cooking tanks, expellers or presses, driers, grinders, auxiliary pumps, and conveyors, to render and process offal for use as plant and animal foods, performing any combination of following tasks: Opens valves and starts pumps and conveyors to move materials through rendering process. Observes temperature gauges and rate of flow and condition of materials passing through cookers, expellers, and grinders, and adjusts valves and rate of flow. Shovels or dumps guts, bones, and other inedible or condemned parts of slaughtered animals into chute leading to grinder and cooking tanks. Drains oil from surface of cooked offal and opens tank discharge to drop cooked material into trough leading to expellers. Starts grinding and screening equipment to pulverize and sift tankage, cracklings, and cooked blood for sacking. Hangs sack on discharge hopper of screening equipment and opens gate to discharge specified amount of material into sack. Ties or sews mouth of sack. May be known according to specific work performed as Cooker And Presser (meat products); Crackling-Press Operator (meat products); Oil-Expeller (meat products); Press Operator (meat products); Tallow Pumper (meat products); Tankage-Grinder Operator (meat products); Tank Charger (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-206 RESERVE OPERATOR (tobacco)

Relieves workers on fresh-work cigar machine: Feeds filler tobacco to machine [FILLER FEEDER (tobacco)]. Tends unit of machine that cuts and feeds binder leaves [BINDER LAYER (tobacco)]. Tends unit that cuts and feeds wrappers [WRAPPER LAYER (tobacco)]. Inspects finished cigars [FRESH-WORK INSPECTOR (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-210 SANDWICH-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends machine that forms and wraps ice cream sandwiches: Attaches tube lines from freezer machine to ice cream forming head, using wrench. Assembles dispenser trays, wafer extruders, sandwich pusher, paper tucker, and elevator table to form sandwich of specified size. Threads roll of wrapping paper from spindle through guide rolls to wrapping box. Turns tension screws to obtain desired size wrapper. Starts machine and turns valve to start flow of ice cream from freezer through forming head past wafer extruders. Observes formed ice cream ribbon as it is automatically enclosed with wafers, cut at specified intervals, and wrapped. Turns valve and stops machine to remove jammed or defectively formed and wrapped sandwiches. Turns handwheel or presses jogging button to alter position of elevator table or wrapping paper to correct jam. May replace worn electrical or mechanical parts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-214 SHELLFISH-PROCESSING-MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends washing, blanching, steaming, brining, peeling, or shucking machine that prepares shellfish for canning, freezing, or fresh packing: Opens valves to admit water, steam, or air under pressure into machine vats, and adds specified quantities of additives, such as salt or food coloring. Lowers baskets of shellfish into vats by hand or hoist, or pushes cars of shellfish into steamer chamber. Closes door of steamer chamber, clamps fasteners over edges of door, and turns wing nuts to secure door. Starts conveyors that move product through machines or into weighing carts. May turn screws to adjust tension of peeler, using wrench. May tend machines that slice, grind, and tenderize clam meat. May be designated according to machine tended as Clam-Shucking-Machine Tender (can. & preserv.); Shrimp-Peeling-Machine Tender (can. & preserv.); or by shellfish processed as Clam Steamer (can. & preserv.); Crab Steamer (can. & preserv.); Oyster Washer (can. & preserv.); Shrimp Blancher (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

529.685-218 SPICE FUMIGATOR (food prep., nec)

Tends equipment that fumigates incoming shipments of spices to kill insects: Stacks sacks, boxes, and cartons of spices in fumigating tank; or moves loaded pallet into fumigating room, using handtruck. Starts exhaust pump or opens valve on carbon dioxide pressure cylinder to remove or force air from fumigating tank or room. Pours specified quantities of liquid fumigants, such as ethylene oxide, into container in fumigating tank; or opens valve on pressure cylinder to admit specified amounts of gaseous fumigant into tank or room. Opens ventilating valves and starts vacuum pump or blower to remove fumigants after specified time. Removes spices from fumigating tank or room. May be required to hold fumigator's license issued by local health department.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-222 SPREADER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (tobacco) alternate titles: strip feeder

Tends machine that spreads tobacco evenly onto conveyor belt. Places saratoga filled with tobacco on hydraulic lift and starts machine. Pulls lever to hoist saratoga and dump tobacco into hopper of machine where prong-studded shaft fluffs tobacco and spreads tobacco evenly onto conveyor belt. Cleans tobacco from prongs of shaft.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-226 STEAMER (beverage) alternate titles: soaker-soda worker; soda worker

Tends equipment to maintain caustic soda solution and water levels and temperatures in bottle-washing machine: Observes thermometers and gauges, and turns valves to heat soda solution and water to specified temperatures and fill compartments of bottle-washing machine to specified levels. Collects sample of soda solution for laboratory analysis. Opens valve to allow used soda solution to drain into reclaiming tank. May maintain water and temperature levels in pasteurizer and label machines.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-230 STEM-DRYER MAINTAINER (tobacco)

Cleans redrying machines and keeps tobacco-stem offal removed from shaker-screen: Pulls dust pans from redryers and empties pans into box. Blows dust and fine scrap from under machines and work area, using airhose. Pushes full boxes of offal from shaker-screen to collecting point and replaces full box with empty one. Beats dust from canvas dust-collecting tubes, using wooden stick.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-234 SUCKER-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: lollypop-machine operator; lollypop maker

Tends machine that automatically forms lollypops of specified shape on ends of wooden sticks: Turns steam valve to heat candy hopper or rollers of candy-spinning unit. Pours candy into machine hopper and fills receptacle with sucker sticks. Monitors and adjusts machine to prevent jamming.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-238 TABLET-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

Tends machine that compresses malted milk powder into tablets: Dumps powder into hopper, using scoop, and starts machine. Moves hopper lever to deposit specified amount of powder into forming dies in machine table. Examines tablets to determine thickness and hardness, and turns wheel to adjust positions of forming dies and punch dies in machine head.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-242 TANK PUMPER, PANELBOARD (beverage)

Tends central control panelboard, connected to series of pumps and hose lines, to transfer whiskeys from storage tanks to bottling tanks: Connects hose lines from panelboard to series of electric pumps with lines connected to storage tanks and bottling tanks. Starts pumps and turns valves on panelboard to transfer and regulate flow of whiskey from storage tank to bottling tank. Reads meters on panelboard to ascertain when tanks are filled. Turns valves on panelboard to admit compressed air through valves and hose lines to clear excess whiskey from lines. Collects whiskey samples for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-246 TAPPER (beverage) alternate titles: dropper; dropper, tank storage

Tends equipment that taps (drains) beer storage tanks to maintain continuous flow of beer to filtering machine: Couples hose lines to pumps, tanks, and filtering machine. Observes meters and turns valves on gas tank to admit specified amounts of carbon dioxide into storage tank to create effervescence in beer, and to apply external pressure on tank to counteract internal stress. Observes gauge to determine when to turn valves to switch from empty to full tank. Opens valve to release counter pressure on empty tanks and uncouples hoses.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-250 VOTATOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products; oils & grease)

Tends one or more machines that cool liquid margarine, lard, or shortening, and knead solidified material preparatory to packaging: Starts kneading unit of machine. Opens valve to admit liquid material to cooling unit that solidifies it and to transfer solids to kneading unit that imparts smooth texture. Observes gauges and adjusts controls to keep specified temperature and pressure of material in cooling and kneading units. Turns valves to regulate flow of processed material into hoppers of packaging machine. May clean lines and equipment, using pressurized steam and nitrogen gas.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-254 WASH-HOUSE WORKER (beverage)

Tends equipment to clean and spray interiors of aluminum or steel beer barrels or kegs, performing any combination of following tasks: Tends drilling machine to remove plastic or wood cork from bunghole. Lifts barrel onto conveyor for transfer to washing or pitching machine. Tends washing or pitching machine that cleans or coats barrels with pitch. Observes gauges and thermometers and turns valves to maintain temperatures at specified operating levels. Dumps bags of pitch into machine pots. Screws metal plugs into tap and bungholes. Unscrews plugs from pitched barrels, wipes holes with rags to remove excess pitch, and hammers cork into taphole. Inserts light into barrel and inspects interior surfaces for dents, holes, dirt, and completeness of pitch coverage. Loads and unloads conveyors. Stacks barrels on floor.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-258 WASHER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; sugar & conf.; wholesale tr.)

Tends machine that washes raw fruits or vegetables, preparatory to processing, canning, freezing, or packing: Opens valve to fill machine with water and adds prescribed cleaning agents. Dumps raw fruits or vegetables into machine hopper and starts conveyor that carries produce through machine. Drains, cleans, and refills machine at designated intervals. May lubricate machine and make minor repairs. When operating washer with waxing unit attached, may be designated Washing-And-Waxing-Machine Operator (agriculture; wholesale tr.). May be designated according to commodity washed as Apple Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Carrot Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Orange Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-262 WHEAT CLEANER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: bump-grader operator

Tends equipment that cleans, moisturizes, and cracks wheat for cereal products, preparatory to cooking: Starts conveyors to transfer wheat from storage to vibrating screens in grading and cleaning units. Sets thermostat at specified temperature to heat water used to wash grain and increase moisture content to designated value. Turns valves and moves controls to regulate flow of water and grain through washer and soaking bin and to transfer grain to grinder rolls for cracking. Observes process to correct conveyor jamming and to open plugged holes in separator screens.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-266 WRAPPER LAYER (tobacco) alternate titles: fresh-work wrapper-layer; long-filler-cigar roller, machine

Tends unit of fresh-work cigar machine that cuts wrapper leaf and wraps leaf around bunch: Spreads wrapper leaf over die of machine. Presses pedal to lower knife that cuts leaf. Releases pedal to raise knife and start mechanism that removes cut leaf and wraps it around bunch. Pastes portion of leaf over holes or tears to patch wrapper leaves.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-270 WRAPPER-LAYER-AND-EXAMINER, SOFT WORK (tobacco) alternate titles: scrap-filler-cigar roller, machine; shredded-filler cigar-maker, machine; shredded-filler-machine wrapper-layer; soft-work-cigar-machine operator

Tends soft-work cigar machine (turret machine) that rolls wrapper tobacco leaves around bunches to make cigars: Lays wrapper leaf on die of machine and presses treadle to lower knife that cuts leaf and to activate mechanism that draws cut leaf into machine and rolls leaf around bunch. Inspects finished cigars for defects as cigars emerge from machine. Pastes portions of leaf over holes or tears in wrappers. Discards defective cigars that cannot be repaired. Works in conjunction with BUNCH MAKER, MACHINE (tobacco) who supplies bunches to machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-274 X-RAY INSPECTOR (can. & preserv.; tobacco) alternate titles: fluoroscope operator

Inspects packaged tobacco products or jars of baby food to detect foreign matter, using x-ray equipment: Activates equipment and conveyor. Observes shadows cast on fluorescent screen by package or jar passing in front of x ray which indicates presence of foreign matter, such as sticks, stems, metal, or dirt. Removes defective packages or jars.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-278 YEAST WASHER (food prep., nec)

Tends equipment that washes, pasteurizes, and cools yeast cream (concentrated yeast suspension) used in manufacture of baker's yeast and yeast food: Opens valve to pump yeast cream into tank, and adds water to yeast cream to remove traces of wort adhering to yeast cells. Pumps yeast cream and wash water to storage tank preparatory to centrifugal separation. Turns valves to admit steam into jacket of pasteurizer and circulate brine through cooling coils of cooler. Pumps yeast cream, that has been washed and separated from wash water, to pasteurizer and through cooling equipment to storage tank. Tests cream for acidity, using pH meter, and adds necessary chemicals to attain required acidity level.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-282 CAN-FILLING-AND-CLOSING-MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Tends machines that automatically wash, fill, and seal cans in cannery: Pushes buttons and levers on control panel to start machines and monitors machine operations to verify that can washer, can food and liquid filler, can sealer, and conveyor mechanisms function in prescribed sequence. Observes cans leaving machines to detect defects, such as overfilled cans or misaligned lids. Pushes buttons to stop machines when machines malfunction, and notifies MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (any industry) 638.281-014 of detected defects.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.685-286 CIGAR-WRAPPER TENDER, AUTOMATIC (tobacco)

Tends machines that automatically encase tobacco filler in layers of $T3homogenized leaf$T1 tobacco to form cigars: Places rolls of homogenized leaf on spindles and guides leaf through tension guides and rollers of machine. Starts machine that automatically wraps filler with binder, mouth end of cigar with reinforcing band, and bunch with wrapper leaf to form cigar. Observes machine operation to detect malfunctions. Turns setscrews to adjust feed rate, and stops and clears machine when jam-up occurs. Examines cigars discharged from machine for defects, such as holes, tears, and insufficient filler, and for conformity to size specifications. Loads inspected cigars into storage containers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.685-290 COOK, SOYBEAN SPECIALTIES (food prep., nec)

Tends equipment that processes soybeans to make soymilk, tofu, tempeh, and related products: Pours specified quantity of presoaked soybeans into mill hopper and depresses button to start grinding of beans and flow of bean mash into steam-jacketed cooker. Adds specified amount of water to mash and stirs mash to prevent burns and boilovers, using paddle. Sprays cooker exterior with water to maintain temperature in acceptable range. At end of prescribed time, turns valve to allow mash to flow into filter-lined hydraulic press tub. Depresses controls to actuate press that expresses soymilk from mash and pumps milk into vats. Heats and injects additives into soymilk to form curd, using syringe, skims off and discards surface residue, using ladle, and places weights on curd to express whey from curd to form tofu. Adds flavorings and stabilizers to soymilk and cooks and freezes mix, using steam cooker and freezing machine, to make soy ice cream. Cooks whole soybeans, mixes tempeh mold with cooked rice to make tempeh starter, and mixes incubated starter with cooked soybeans to form tempeh. Fills packaging containers with product, following prescribed procedures. May blend and cook bean mash or processed soy products with other ingredients to prepare ready-to-eat packaged foods. May be designated according to product prepared as Soyfreeze Operator (food prep., nec); Tempeh Maker (food prep., nec); Tofu Maker (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.686-010 BUNDLES HANGER (tobacco) alternate titles: hands hanger

Hangs bundles of tobacco on sticks moving on chain conveyor to redrying machine: Removes bundles from table and observes color shade. Spreads leaves of bundle to form opening and hangs bundle on stick conveying bundles of similar color shade. May shake bundles that have been packed in hogsheads to loosen leaves prior to hanging bundles on stick [SHAKER (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.686-014 CANNERY WORKER (can. & preserv.)

Performs any combination of following tasks to can, freeze, preserve, or pack food products: Dumps or places food products in hopper, on sorting table, or on conveyor. Sorts or grades products according to size, color, or quality. Feeds products into processing equipment, such as washing, refrigerating, peeling, coring, pitting, trimming, grinding, dicing, cooking, or slicing machines. Trims, peels, and slices products with knife or paring tool. Feeds empty containers onto conveyor or forming machines. Fills containers, using scoop or filling form, or packs by hand [PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018]. Counts, weighs, or tallies processed items according to specifications. Inspects and weighs filled containers to ensure product conforms to quality and weight standards. Places filled containers on trays, racks, or into boxes. Loads, moves, or stacks containers by hand or handtruck, and cleans glass jar containers, using airhose. May be designated according to work performed as Dumper (can. & preserv.); Peeler (can. & preserv.); Sorter (can. & preserv.); Trimmer (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

529.686-018 CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE-HOPPER FEEDER (tobacco)

Pushes box truck filled with cigarette tobacco to cigarette-making machine, and feeds double handful of tobacco into hopper.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-022 CUTLET MAKER, PORK (meat products)

Feeds machine that shreds and presses pork into cutlets: Cuts strips of pork into pieces, using knife. Dumps cut meat into feed hopper of machine that automatically shreds meat, presses shredded meat into cutlets, and stacks cutlets on waxed paper dividers. Weighs and packs cutlets into cardboard carton on weighing scales, according to work ticket specifications. Seals carton, using pneumatic staple gun.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-026 DAIRY HELPER (dairy products)

Performs any combination of following tasks in dairy: Scrubs bottles, pipes, fittings, and machines with chemical solution, using brush. Attaches pipes and fittings to machines, using wrenches. Examines canned milk for dirt and odor, and dumps milk into receiving tank. Dumps milk, cream, butter, cottage cheese, and powdered milk into machine hoppers. Starts and stops machines and equipment. Cuts butter and cottage cheese, using knives. Wraps butter prints in foil or parchment and seals them with hot iron. Packs bulk butter into cartons. Pulls lever on hopper to fill cartons or bags with powdered milk. Weighs containers on scale. Places bottles, cartons, and packages into container, and moves to storage, using handtruck. Dumps empty bottles, cases, and cans onto conveyor for transfer to receiving, washing, or filling stations. May be designated according to product handled as Buttermaker Helper (dairy products); or stage of treatment as Pasteurizer Helper (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-030 EGG WASHER, MACHINE (agriculture; wholesale tr.)

Feeds eggs into machine that removes earth, straw, and other residue from egg surface prior to shipment: Places eggs in saucer-like holder that carries eggs into machine where rotating brushes or water sprays remove residue. Removes cleaned eggs from discharge trough of machine and packs eggs in cases for shipment.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.686-034 FACTORY HELPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: general utility helper

Feeds candy processing and packaging machines and performs any combination of following tasks in candy manufacturing establishment, working individually or as interchangeable member of crew: Feeds one or more candy processing or packaging machines. Off bears, separates, counts, or culls finished or unfinished confectionery items and ingredients. Transfers molds, trays of candy, and supplies between storage, processing, and packing areas, using dolly or handtruck. Fills bags with bulk items, inserts toys or prizes in containers, and packs, labels, or wraps cartons for shipment. Assembles or forms confectionery items on assembly line or table, performing duties, such as pressing candy onto wafers to make candy waffles, and sprinkling sugar onto gum candy prior to cutting. Empties, cleans, or brushes molds, trays, utensils, containers, and equipment used in cooking, forming, and cooling candy. May be designated according to equipment fed as Raisin-Separator Operator (sugar & conf.); worker assisted as Coating-Machine Helper (sugar & conf.); material or product handled as Scrapper (sugar & conf.); or specific task as Steamer, Gum Candy (sugar & conf.); Vanilla-Chocolate-Coin Counter (sugar & conf.). When filling trays or vats with melted chocolate, fondant, or icing to facilitate work of hand dippers, is designated Table Filler (sugar & conf.). May be designated: Candy-Bar-Core Inspector (sugar & conf.); Candy Catcher (sugar & conf.); Candy Separator, Hard (sugar & conf.); Candy-Spreader Helper (sugar & conf.); Candy-Waffle Assembler (sugar & conf.); Caramel-Cutter Helper (sugar & conf.); Cut-Roll-Machine Offbearer (sugar & conf.); Cutting-Machine-Operator Helper (sugar & conf.); Lozenge-Maker Helper (sugar & conf.); Marshmallow Packer (sugar & conf.); Pan Washer, Hand (sugar & conf.); Sanding-Machine Operator Helper (sugar & conf.); Syrup Crystallizer (sugar & conf.); Spinner Helper (sugar & conf.); Sugar-Coating Hand (sugar & conf.); Toy Sorter (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-038 FEEDER-CATCHER, TOBACCO (tobacco) alternate titles: chute feeder; conveyor feeder; hopper feeder

Feeds or off bears tobacco leaves, bundles, or strips to or from processing machine: Loads tobacco onto conveyor or into chutes or hoppers with hands, pitchfork, or shovel, or dumps tobacco from tubs or hampers onto conveyor, using hoist or hydraulic lift. Places containers at discharge end of conveyor to catch tobacco. Pushes containers onto scales. Starts and stops conveyors. May spray tobacco leaves with water to moisten tobacco for further processing. May be designated according to task performed as Packing-Machine Feeder (tobacco); Rack Loader (tobacco) II.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-042 FILLER FEEDER (tobacco)

Feeds filler tobacco into fresh-work cigar machine: Places filler tobacco in slot on conveyor of machine. Feels tobacco in slot to determine whether sufficient filler tobacco for cigar is in slot.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-046 GENERAL HELPER (sugar & conf.)

Feeds, weighs, mixes, and transports ingredients and performs any combination of following tasks to assist other workers in processing chocolate and cocoa products: Moves ingredients from storage to production area, using handtruck. Weighs and mixes ingredients under supervision of MIXER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) and SYRUP MAKER (sugar & conf.). Removes and stacks cocoa cakes from cocoa press machine, and transports them to storage area. Positions filled mold pans on belt conveyor moving through cooling tunnel. Feeds chocolate sheets into shaker and hammer mill that break sheets into bits.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-050 LABORER, CHEESEMAKING (dairy products)

Makes and cures cheese, performing any combination of following tasks: Cuts curd with knife or harp or separates curd with scoop to release whey and firm curd. Pushes curd to back of vat or center of kettle with rake. Inserts strainer in vat or kettle outlet, assembles pipe or hose, and turns valve to drain whey. Pulls dip cloth (cheesecloth) through kettle to remove curd, or banks curd to side of vat with hands or rake to drain residual whey and mat curd. Stretches matted curd in hot water, using paddle, and cuts, weighs, and hand molds resulting elastic curd to make Italian cheeses. Cuts matted curd into measured slabs, piles slabs into banks, and turns them over periodically to obtain specified acidity and moisture. Feeds slabs into mill that cuts curd into cubes. Spreads specified amount of salt over cubes. Scoops, weighs, and dumps curd into assembled cheese hoops (perforated forms) with bucket. Places hoops in automatic press, turns screw of wooden handpress or places and turns filled molds on wheying table to remove whey and shape cheese. Dumps molded cheese into brine tank and turns it periodically or wets and rolls cheese in salt bed to flavor cheese and develop rind. Hangs cheese in rope basket or places, turns, and raises cheese to varying shelf levels in temperature controlled or smoked room to develop flavor, texture, eye formation and body, and to dry cheese surface. Pierces cheese or smears with cultured wash to promote mold growth. Wipes surface with grease or oil to soften rind and stop mold growth. Stamps cheese with date, vat, and company number. Wraps cheese in foil and places in wood or paper box. May be designated according to working area as Brine-Room Laborer (dairy products); Cellar Laborer (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-054 LABORER, PIE BAKERY (bakery products)

Feeds automatic fruit peeling, coring, and slicing machine and performs any combination of duties involved in preprocessing fruit to be used in making pies and other bakery products: Feeds automatic machine that peels, cores, and slices fruit. Fills containers with sliced fruit from discharge conveyor or bin. Examines fruit and discards spoiled or damaged pieces. Manually loads and unloads trucks and transports material to and from storage areas, using handtruck. Cleans machines and work areas, using broom, mop, brush, scraper, and rags.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-062 LONG-GOODS HELPER, MACHINE (food prep., nec) alternate titles: spaghetti press helper

Feeds and off bears macaroni containers on and off macaroni press, drier conveyors, and stick-handling equipment: Lays empty sticks (macaroni holders) on stick filler-feeder machine. Aligns out-of-line sticks moving along drier conveyor. Lifts sticks filled with moist macaroni into drier racks. Pushes racks into drying chambers. Fills, carries, and sets boxes of macaroni trimmings on drier shelves. Cleans and lubricates press and conveyor parts. May assist PRESS TENDER (food prep., nec) to install and remove macaroni press parts such as screw feeders, tubes and dies.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-066 PRESS MACHINE FEEDER (tobacco)

Feeds cigars into pressing machine that heats and presses cigars into square shape preparatory to banding and cellophaning. Removes cigars from handtruck and places cigars onto feed device of pressing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-070 PRODUCTION HELPER (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec) alternate titles: general production worker

Feeds machine hoppers with ingredients, transports and packs finished products, and performs any combination of following tasks in food processing and packaging establishment: Dumps prepared ingredients into hoppers of grinding and mixing machines. Transfers finished products and raw materials about plant and warehouse, using handtruck. Stacks processed food in warehouse and coolers. Packs food products in paper bags and boxes. Loads packaging machines with bags, cans, and jars. Verifies weights of filled containers emerging from packaging machines. Removes foreign material from food on conveyor belts. Sprinkles grated cheese and other flavoring on foods.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-074 RACK LOADER I (tobacco) alternate titles: stick feeder

Removes sticks on which tobacco hands have been hung from conveyor of hanging machine and loads them on racks or onto conveyor leading to tobacco-drying machine. Pushes filled rack from work area and replaces with empty rack.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-078 RAW-CHEESE WORKER (dairy products)

Cuts out or scrapes mold, wax, and sediment to prepare natural cheese for packaging or making into process cheese by performing any combination of following tasks in cheese processing department of dairy: Removes covers and wrappers from cheese, using knife, and dumps blocks of specified cheese from containers onto conveyor. Positions cheese block in conveyor cradle to expose desired surface and digs into plug holes or openings with knife. Removes mold, wax, and sediment from cheese surface, using hand scraper or buffing wheel. Cuts cheese blocks into equal portions, using power wire cutter, power knife cutter, or wire. Places pieces of cheeses on truck, and weighs batch to obtain specified amounts for each cook. Dumps cut pieces of cheese into machine that grinds and transports it to next work station.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-082 STEAK TENDERIZER, MACHINE (meat products)

Feeds steaks into machine to tenderize meat. Places tenderized meat on paper separators and stacks them in piles for packaging.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-086 UTILITY WORKER (sugar & conf.)

Feeds machines that apply sugar coating and score (partially cut) sheets of chewing gum, preparatory to separating them into sticks, performing any combination of following tasks: Fills hopper of machine that automatically coats gum with powdered sugar to add flavor and prevent gum from sticking to rollers of scoring machine. Sprinkles sugar by hand on sheets of gum that are inadequately coated. Inspects sheets of gum for surface or scoring imperfections and removes defective sheets for reprocessing. Stacks empty trays on conveyor assembly that automatically fills trays with sheets of scored gum and stacks filled trays.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-010 BASKET FILLER (can. & preserv.)

Removes sealed cans or jars of food products from conveyor and dumps or stacks them in metal basket. May load basket in layers, using hydraulic mechanism to lower each layer to table level. May move baskets within plant or through cooling tank, using trucks or hoist.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-014 BIN CLEANER (beverage; grain-feed mills)

Scrapes, scours, and fumigates interior of grain bins: Climbs into grain bin or lowers self into bin on scaffolding or bucket seat, using block and tackle. Cleans interior of bin, using hand scrapers and brushes. Sprays interior of bin with insecticides and rodent deterrents or poisons, using spray gun. Closes bins for specified length of time. Airs bin and marks it for use. Places rodent traps and powders in designated areas in elevator. Maintains inventory of insecticides and rodent control supplies.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-018 BOX-TRUCK WASHER (meat products)

Cleans box-trucks (four-wheeled handtruck) used to move or store meat, grease, oleo, or inedible fat, using scrapers, wire brushes, handbrushes, steam, water, and detergent. May clean offal trays with water spray and rags and lubricate handtrucks with paraffin oil, using spray gun.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-022 BULK FILLER (can. & preserv.)

Fills wooden tubs, barrels, or containers with processed food products and covers with preservatives to preserve contents: Dumps food into barrel, tub, or container, and adds prescribed amounts of preservatives, such as salt, sugar, brine, syrup, or vinegar. Covers container with lid, waxed paper, or plastic. May weigh contents of container. May apply labels to outer surface of container. May be designated according to container filled as Barrel Filler (can. & preserv.); or product treated as Cabbage Salter (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-026 CASING GRADER (meat products) alternate titles: casing inspector; casing sorter; casing tester

Inspects and grades animal casings used as sausage skins: Removes casings from soaking tank. Cleans and inflates casing, using air or water hose. Places inflated casing between grading pegs to determine size. Squeezes casing to detect changes in circumference, damaged sections, or slime. Cuts out damaged sections, warts, and other blemishes, using knife. Places casings in rack or container according to size or condition of casing. May measure and cut casings to length. May pack and salt casings for shipment or reclaim cured casings for use.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-030 CASING SEWER (meat products) alternate titles: bung sewer

Sews sections of animal intestine to form casings for lunch meat and specialty meat products: Positions edges of dried intestines together, places strips of paper (liners) over intestines, and slides them under presser foot of sewing machine. Starts machine, and stitches edges of liner and end of intestines to form casings. Maintains count of casings sewed for company records. May inspect and grade casings [CASING GRADER (meat products)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-034 CASING TIER (meat products) alternate titles: stuffed-casing tier

Closes ends of empty and filled meat casings with metal clips and string preparatory to hanging them for smoking or cooking: Attaches metal clip to one end of empty casing, using clipping tool. Twists open end of filled casing and ties it with string leaving loop for hanging. Cuts off excess string and casing, using scissors or knife. May be designated according to type of meat cased as Bulk-Sausage-Casing Tier-Off (meat products); Canadian-Bacon Tier (meat products); Hog Stomach Preparer (meat products). May tie lacing cord at regular intervals around bologna sausage to brace and support casing and be designated Bologna Lacer (meat products); or lace rolled ham and be designated Rolled-Ham Lacer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-038 CHAR-DUST CLEANER AND SALVAGER (sugar & conf.)

Cleans floors and equipment, and performs following duties in char-house: Cleans and collects char dust from floors, pump basins, pipelines, and tank tops. Observes operating machinery, such as char-draw mechanisms, spreaders, and char-collectors, for blockades or malfunctioning, and reports irregularities to superiors. Fills sacks with salvaged char dust and sews, weighs, and stores sacks. Obtains samples of char and takes them to laboratory for analysis. Delivers requisitions, runs errands, and supplies filter blankets and wedges to other workers.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-042 CIGAR INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: cigar-packing examiner; final cigar and box examiner

Inspects cigars for imperfections and verifies quality of packing and labeling: Examines cigars for size, shape, and imperfections in wrappers. Replaces defective cigars in boxes. Examines banded and cellophane-wrapped cigars to determine whether bands are positioned and cellophane is applied according to standards. Observes boxes of cigars to determine whether label is in specified position. May open lid of box to inspect cigars and close and nail lid onto box after inspection, using handtool.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-046 COFFEE WEIGHER (food prep., nec)

Weighs sacks of specified varieties of coffee and dumps coffee into chute leading to coffee-cleaning or blending machines. May record sack weights.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-050 COOK HELPER (can. & preserv.)

Assists COOK, KETTLE (beverage; can. & preserv.; grain-feed mills) to cook food products, such as juices, meats, fruits, or preserves, preparatory to canning or preserving, performing any combination of following duties: Weighs or measures ingredients, such as sugar, salt, meat, lard, berries, or fruit, according to formula, using platform scale, weighing hopper, and measuring containers. Transfers materials to cooking area by hand or handtruck. Turns valves to admit steam to kettle-heating jacket, and dumps ingredients into kettle to precook or melt them. Cleans cooking kettles and containers, using water and pressurized steam. May stir contents of cooking kettle with paddle and skim off foam or foreign materials, using ladle or spoon. May stack and tally containers. May be designated according to food product being processed as Cook Helper, Fruit (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Juice (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Meat (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Preserves (can. & preserv.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-054 COOKER CLEANER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: coil cleaner

Cleans coils and inside surfaces of steam kettles used for cooking foods: Climbs inside of kettle and scrubs coils and interior surface of kettle, using cleanser, steel wool, and soap. Opens drain valve at bottom of kettle and sprays water over interior of kettle to flush soap, steel wool, cleanser, and food particles through drain.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-058 DEFLECTOR OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: lights inspector; wine-bottle inspector

Inspects bottled beer or wine for foreign matter and defective bottles: Examines contents of bottles for foreign matter, such as dirt and barrel or tank sediment, and bottles for defects, such as cracks, damaged caps or corks, and nicks. Observes bottles on conveyor belt passing in front of light and reflecting mirror or lighted frosted glass box or holds bottles up to unshielded light bulb, to examine bottle and content. Stores rejected or defective bottles in containers for disposal.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-062 DIE CLEANER (food prep., nec)

Cleans dies used to extrude dough to form macaroni: Unbolts and removes dies from presses, using wrench and screwdriver, and places dies in tub of water to soften dough residue. Adjusts die-washing-machine platform to accommodate shape of die, positions die on platform, and turns faucet to force jets of water through dies. Scrapes dough residue from die holes, using handtool. Replaces dies on press or places dies on storage shelves. May inspect dies on presses for cleanliness or damage. May verify alignment of die pins, using preset gauge. May record location and condition of dies.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-066 DISTILLERY WORKER, GENERAL (beverage)

Cleans, transports and applies identifying data on steel drums in liquor distilling plant, performing any combination of following duties: Cleans interior of metal drums, using steam-cleaning apparatus, or interiors of barrels by rinsing them with water and alcohol. Stencils identifying information on barrelheads, using paint brush or spray gun to paint over cut-out stencils, or cuts identifying information on barrelheads, using metal dies and mallet. Paints or scrapes heads of used barrels to remove identifying information. Removes bungs from drums, using wrench or chisel and hammer. Rolls barrels into position for filling. Empties barrels or drums filled with liquor into dumping trough. Stamps serial numbers on barrelheads, using hand-stamping machine. Empties cartons of empty whiskey bottles on conveyor belt for filling. Stacks cartons filled with whiskey bottles. Repairs damaged cartons, using adhesive tape to cover tears and rips in cartons. Removes metal sealing rings from improperly labeled whiskey bottles preparatory to removal of labels. May be known according to specific work performed as Barrel Cutter (beverage); Barrel Roller (beverage); Barrel Scraper (beverage); Bung Remover (beverage); Carton Repairer (beverage); Drum Cleaner (beverage); Drum Sealer (beverage); Dumper (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-070 DISTRIBUTOR-CLEANER (tobacco) alternate titles: floor hand

Cleans production department in tobacco processing plant and distributes tobacco to workers: Sweeps floors [CLEANER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry)]. Sorts stems from waste and puts stems in bin. Conveys tobacco to workers, using handtruck [MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry)]. Stacks tie-bands into tray and distributes tie-bands to workers.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-074 EGG CANDLER (any industry)

Inspects eggs to ascertain quality and fitness for consumption or incubation, according to prescribed standards: Observes eggs moving on conveyor over light, or holds eggs before shielded light or rolls them over lighted glass plate to render egg translucent. Observes shell color and texture, and internal characteristics, such as streaks, shadings, discolorations, size and position of yolk, and size of air cell. Places spoiled and substandard eggs in cases. Packs salable eggs in cartons or releases them on conveyor belt for packing by other workers. May break substandard eggs in container for further processing. May grade eggs according to size, shape, color, and weight and be designated Egg Grader (any industry).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-078 FILLER-SHREDDER HELPER (tobacco) alternate titles: filler-shredding-machine loader; filler-sifter helper

Assists FILLER SHREDDER, MACHINE (tobacco) to cut tobacco leaves into shreds and clean shredded tobacco for use as cigar filler. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-082 FISH-BIN TENDER (can. & preserv.)

Opens chute gates to release fish into various bins, according to species, and onto conveyor for transfer to cleaning machine. Expedites flow of fish, using wooden rake, hoe, or water hose. Shovels chipped ice into bins to preserve fish. Sorts fish according to species and size, and discards spoiled or damaged fish.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-086 FISH-EGG PACKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: bait packer

Cleans and packs fish eggs for commercial purposes: Rubs clusters of eggs over screen to separate eggs according to size. Dumps eggs into vat of cleaning solution to remove blood and into barrel of brine to cure eggs. Shovels processed eggs into containers for shipment, or fills jars with eggs, using scoop. Works as member of crew. May prepare curing and cleaning solutions, according to formula.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-090 FRESH-WORK INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: racker; selector; table inspector

Inspects cigars from fresh-work cigar machine to determine conformance to standards: Weighs random bundles of cigars to determine whether cigars are of prescribed weight and notifies SUPERVISOR, CIGAR-MAKING MACHINE (tobacco) when weight is not standard. Inspects cigars for broken tobacco wrappers, soft spots, defective patches, and variations from standard length and discards defective cigars. May place full boxes of perfect cigars in case.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-094 GENERAL HELPER (oils & grease)

Performs any combination of duties, such as carrying supplies to work area, forming cartons for packing, feeding cans onto conveyor, removing scrap, cleaning work area, and reclaiming oil stock from damaged containers. Dumps containers into steam tub, covers tub with canvas, and opens valve to introduce heat to melt and reclaim contents. Cleans work area using brooms, mops, and detergents.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-098 GRADER (can. & preserv.)

Examines, classifies, and separates seafood according to size, quality, color, condition, or species at receiving station or on conveyor line. May record grade on ticket and attach ticket to filled container. May be designated according to product graded as Clam Grader (can. & preserv.); Fish Grader (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

529.687-102 GRADER, DRESSED POULTRY (meat products)

Examines and grades dressed poultry: Removes dressed poultry from conveyor, and examines color of skin, feels poultry for presence of bruises, deformities, and pin feathers, and grades accordingly for quality and size. Sorts poultry into specified containers according to grade. May weigh filled containers and record weight of each grade of poultry.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-106 GRADER, GREEN MEAT (meat products) alternate titles: fresh-meat grader; pickling grader

Inspects and sorts pork cuts, such as hams, shoulders, bellies, and fatbacks, preparatory to curing: Examines and feels meat for defects, such as bruises, thickness of skin, shape, and broken leg bones. Segregates pork cuts not meeting standards. Weighs and segregates cuts according to weight and size. May push thermometer into meat to ascertain if it is too cold for processing. May stamp government inspection seal on approved lean shoulders, using rubber stamp.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-110 GRAIN PICKER (grain-feed mills)

Separates and weighs samples of grain preparatory to grading: Pours grain sample into hopper of sample divider and pulls lever to allow grain to fall through divider into two receptacles. Removes and weighs specific amount of grain from each receptacle to obtain representative but reduced sample. Pours sample into cleaning mill (dockage tester) or through sieve of standard mesh to remove foreign matter. Smells and examines sample to determine if grain is sour or musty, or to detect damage from excessive heat or moisture. Pours grain sample into standard quart kettle, weighs sample, and reads conversion chart to obtain weight per bushel. Separates damaged, weathered, soil-stained, and undeveloped grain from grain with no defects and places grain in separate containers. May remove grain sample from incoming shipments.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-114 INSPECTOR (sugar & conf.)

Inspects candy or chewing gum in containers or on conveyor to ensure that it is formed, coated, cupped, wrapped, or packed according to plant standards: Weighs containers [WEIGHER, PRODUCTION (any industry) 929.687-062]. Rewraps, recups, rearranges, or replaces pieces not meeting standards. May stamp date of inspection on boxes or return them to packing department with reason for rejection. May pack boxes in shipping cartons.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-118 INSPECTOR, CANNED FOOD RECONDITIONING (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: smeller

Smells opened cans of food products as they pass on conveyor to detect spoilage as indicated by odor. Sets aside rejected cans of food for disposal.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.687-122 KISS SETTER, HAND (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: sea-foam-kiss maker

Picks up quantity of candy with fork and rolls and shapes it against spatula to shape candy kisses. Places formed kisses on wax paper or tray to harden.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.687-126 KOSHER INSPECTOR (dairy products)

Observes milking of cows to ensure compliance with Jewish dietary laws governing collection and storage of milk prior to processing and sale.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-130 LABORER (meat products)

Performs any combination of following tasks in slaughtering and meat packing establishment: Holds meat while it is being cut. Straightens and washes carcasses or parts on conveyor lines. Distributes meat to various work areas for further processing, using cart. Scrapes excess meat from surfaces of filled casings, such as sausages and bologna, and hangs them on conveyor racks. Pushes conveyor racks, hanging attachments, and meat carts, to various departments. Unloads smoked meats from conveyor racks and weighs, stamps, and tags them. Removes empty trolleys from overhead rail and places them in chute or onto other rails. Trucks empty ham molds to washing machines for cleaning process. Loads meat onto conveyor racks, carts, worktables, or trucks, using hook. Transports offal (carcass waste) from killing floor to rendering room and dumps offal into tankage cookers. Weighs and sacks rendered inedible offal. Fills ice trucks, using shovel. Stacks cartons of meat products on pallets or trucks and moves load to shipping or storage areas, using hand or power operated truck. Pushes meat through spray cabinet to wash meat. Washes equipment and utensils, using water hose and spray cabinet. Sweeps and washes railroad refrigeration cars. May cut specific parts such as hooves or tendons, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-134 LEAF SORTER (tobacco) alternate titles: selector; wrapper-leaf inspector

Sorts tobacco leaves according to color and condition for use as cigar wrappers or binders: Selects leaves without obvious defects from bundle and lays them on booker bench (curved-top stand over which leaves are draped). Examines leaves for color variations, tears, tar spots, tight grain, and size under specifications. Places leaves not suitable for wrapper in separate pile. Folds wrapper leaves into bundles for stripping.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-138 LEAF TIER (tobacco)

Ties tobacco leaves in hands (bundles) to facilitate processing: Selects loose leaves for hand and arranges leaves with butt ends together. Winds tie leaf around butts and pulls end of tie leaf into hand.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-142 LEAF-SIZE PICKER (tobacco) alternate titles: hands-size sorter

Sorts hands of tobacco according to size. Places hands of same size leaves on conveyor leading to ordering machine.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-146 LIGHTOUT EXAMINER (beverage)

Examines interior and exterior of washed tanks, metal barrels, or kegs for cleanliness and to detect corrosion. Crawls into tank or inserts light through bunghole to examine interior of container. Removes corroded and dirty barrels or kegs from conveyor.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-150 LINKER (meat products) alternate titles: roper; sausage linker

Twists and ties casings filled with sausage to form links of specified length: Ties one end of stuffed sausage casing with twine to prevent contents from spilling out. Presses casing between thumb and index finger at length specified. Twists casing at pressed section to form link. Twirls remaining length of stuffed casing to make additional links. Ties ends of stuffed casings to make longer string of links. Drapes sausages over rack for subsequent processing. Cuts casings to remove defective parts or to separate links, using cutting tool. May retie ends. May hold stomachs or casings during filling by SAUSAGE MAKER (meat products) and tie ends.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-154 MAT SEWER (oils & grease)

Repairs mats used in pressing oil from linseed: Cuts worn or damaged sections from mats, using knife. Stitches usable mat strips together and reinforces borders to make new mats, using sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-158 MELT-HOUSE DRAG OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

Regulates flow of raw sugar from raw-sugar box to drags (conveyors) and elevators: Starts drags. Lifts slide on raw-sugar box to allow sugar to fall on drags. Breaks up sugar lumps in box, using scraper. Shifts slides to rotate drawing of sugar from box and to prevent caking and buildups. Draws samples of raw sugar for laboratory analysis. Opens or closes slides to increase or decrease flow of sugar. Removes sugar strings from drag, scrolls, and grates and throws strings in waste container.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-162 MOISTURE-METER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: tag-meter operator

Tests moisture content of tobacco in various stages of processing by either of following methods: (1) Places tobacco sample in electrical moisture meter and turns on current. Observes meter indicator and compares reading with conversion chart to determine moisture content. Records date, time, temperature, moisture content, and meter reading for each sample tested. (2) Weighs sample of tobacco and places sample in oven. Removes and weighs sample after specified time. Compares difference in weights with conversion chart to determine moisture content.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-166 ODD BUNDLE WORKER (tobacco)

Aligns tips of leaves, fed onto conveyor by other workers, against guide rail of conveyor to ensure tips will be cut to uniform length by power knife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-170 PRESS PULLER (grain-feed mills)

Removes filter cloths from filter presses to unload separated solids used for making stock feed: Opens press and inserts prying tool between plates to free filter cloths or turns wheel to release ram holding filter frames together. Pulls cloths loaded with solids from press and shakes material onto conveyor or scrapes residue into pans with spatula. Replaces clean cloths between plates and closes press. Shovels solids from pans into containers for further processing. Turns valve to move hydraulic ram against plates and hold cloths in position. May cut new filter cloths or papers. Usually works as member of team.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-174 SALVAGE INSPECTOR (can. & preserv.)

Inspects and sorts returned canned and bottled food products for possible salvage of contents: Opens containers by hand or with opening devices and inspects containers and contents for defects such as leaking or mislabeled containers, or defective wrapping. Sets aside salvaged cans and bottles. Pours usable contents of defective cans or bottles into bulk containers. Discards rejected contents and containers into waste containers. Routes inspected materials to appropriate filling, packaging, and waste disposal points. May repackage salvaged cans and bottles. May wash glass containers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-178 SAMPLER (beverage) alternate titles: sampler, pickup

Collects samples of grain, mash, or wort, and alcoholic beverages in various stages of processing for laboratory analysis: Dips, scoops, or siphons samples into laboratory containers and labels containers to identify sample. Records information such as sampling station and time, or brewer name and location on forms or journals. Loads sample containers on handtruck and pushes handtruck to laboratory area.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-182 SHREDDED-FILLER HOPPER-FEEDER (tobacco)

Shovels filler tobacco into hoppers of cigar-making machines and bunch-making machines. Transfers boxes or cases of shredded filler tobacco to machines, manually or using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-186 SORTER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: sorter, food products

Sorts agricultural produce, such as bulbs, fruits, nuts, and vegetables: Segregates produce on conveyor belt or table, working as crewmember, according to grade, color, and size, and places produce in containers or on designated conveyors. Discards cull (inferior or defective) items and foreign matter. Bunches, ties, and trims produce, such as asparagus, carrots, celery, and radishes. Picks out choice produce to be used as cappers (top layers on marketing containers). Packs produce in boxes, barrels, baskets, or crates for storage or shipment [PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture) 920.687-134]. May be designated according to work performed as Apple Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Asparagus Grader And Buncher (agriculture); Capper Picker (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Citrus-Fruit-Packing Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Cull Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Potato Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.). May be designated: Asparagus Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Banana Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Bulb Sorter (agriculture); Cherry Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Cranberry Sorter (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Fig Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Flower Grader (agriculture); Fruit Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Hop Sorter (agriculture); Nut Sorter (agriculture); Peach Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Potato Sorter (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Seed Sorter (agriculture); Tomato Grader (wholesale tr.); Vegetable Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Mushroom Sorter-Grader (can. & preserv.); Trimmer-Sorter (can. & preserv.); Sorter-Grader (can. & preserv.); Raspberry Checker (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

529.687-190 STONE CLEANER (beverage) alternate titles: carbonating-stone cleaner

Cleans or replaces stones in carbonating-stone assembly used to introduce carbon dioxide into tanks of beer: Carries stone to work area. Climbs into aging tank and disassembles frame and stone assembly, using handtools. Examines stone to detect faults or breaks. Scrubs stone, using brush and cleaners. Reassembles stone in frame. Discards faulty stones.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-194 SUCTION-PLATE-CARRIER CLEANER (tobacco) alternate titles: carrier blower; carrier washer

Cleans perforated suction plates of cigar-making machines: Turns thumbscrews to remove plates. Scrubs plates, using scrub brush and water. Immerses plates in boiling water to loosen dirt in airholes and blows out dirt, using airhose.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-198 SUMATRA OPENER (tobacco)

Removes hands of Sumatra tobacco from case or bale, shakes tobacco, removes broken leaves, and piles hands in stacks according to moisture content.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-202 TEMPERATURE INSPECTOR (meat products)

Inspects temperature readings of meat coolers for conformance to standards: Tours coolers periodically and compares temperature readings of each cooler with charts. Adjusts expansion valves in coolers to maintain specified temperature in each cooler.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-206 TROLLEY CLEANER (meat products)

Cleans trolleys used to move animal carcasses along overhead rail, in vats or tanks filled with solution: Turns water and steam valves to fill and heat cleaning vats or tanks. Dumps caustic soda and detergents into tank and stirs mixture with paddle. Pushes rack of trolleys to tank and lowers each trolley into solution, or immerses rack into solution, using hoist. Removes trolleys from solution and rinses them in hot water spray. Lubricates trolley wheels.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-210 WASHER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: flusher

Washes and removes starch deposits from starch tables by flushing table with stream of water: Directs water hose over starch table to wash film of gluten from starch deposits. Plugs line to gluten tank at end of table and raises tailboard to allow starch deposit to flow to flushing tank. Turns valve to admit strong stream of water into starch table that loosens and flushes starch deposits into flushing tank.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-214 WASHROOM CLEANER (sugar & conf.)

Cleans beet washroom in sugar beet refinery: Removes beet tails, mud, stones, and trash from washer pit, using shovel. Removes debris from area of washroom, using wheelbarrow, pitchfork, and shovel. Washes floors, using hose.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-218 WRAPPER SELECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: wrapper sizer; wrapper sorter

Selects perfect wrappers from books (halved leaves, bundled after stripping) and sorts wrappers according to size and color: Unties book and separates half leaves. Inspects wrapper leaves for holes or tears and discards imperfect leaves. Piles wrappers in stacks according to size and color. Wipes water-moistened sponge over top leaves of stack to prevent drying. Packs wrappers of like size and color into bundles and places bundles into containers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-222 WRAPPING MACHINE HELPER (tobacco)

Mounts tobacco leaf and replenishes glue supply in plug-overwrap machine and assists PLUG-OVERWRAP-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco) to tend machine that wraps lumps of chewing tobacco in $T3homogenized leaf:$T1 Mounts roll of homogenized tobacco leaf on overwrap machine and guides end of roll between machine rollers and under cutter. Pours glue into machine glue container to replenish supply reservoir. Pushes wire through hole of glue container to assure free flow of glue. Observes wrapping operation and removes defectively wrapped lumps from machine discharge conveyor. Wets down belts of machine, using rag, to prevent lumps from sticking to belt. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-226 INSPECTOR, PROCESSING (sugar & conf.)

Examines, weighs, and measures sheets and strips of unwrapped, finished chewing gum to ensure conformity to specifications and standards: Examines trays of rolled and scored gum to verify that finished gum is free of caked sugar, indentations, and foreign matter. Inspects gum surface for uniformity of sugar coating and for prescribed scoring and trimming. Weighs and measures thickness and length of gum strips, using scale, micrometer, and length gauge. Notifies supervisory personnel of deviations from prescribed standards.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

529.687-230 LABORER, SHELLFISH PROCESSING (can. & preserv.)

Performs any combination of following tasks concerned with fresh packing, canning, freezing, or smoking shellfish: Transports shellfish, shellfish meats, cans, or cases to work area manually, or using wheeled hopper, handtruck, or power hoist. Loads conveyors, hoppers, or handtrucks with product, cans, or cases. Spreads shellfish on conveyor, drenches them with water, and removes foreign matter. Weighs shellfish or shellfish meat, using scales. Records weight of product on standard form. Sorts shellfish according to size, and trims off unusable portions, using knife or scissors. Packs shellfish meat in jars, cans, or boxes, and packs containers in crushed ice to fresh pack. Cleans conveyors, machines, and work areas, using high pressure hose spray. May feed cans and lids into lidding machine [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) 920.685-078]. May be designated according to work performed as Shellfish Checker (can & preserv.); Shellfish Packer (can. & preserv.); Shellfish Sorter (can. & preserv.); Shellfish Weigher (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

53 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PAPER AND RELATED MATERIALS

This division includes occupations concerned with the manufacture of paper and products made from paper. Includes converting wood, other cellulosic materials, and rags into pulp.

530 GRINDING, BEATING, AND MIXING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with reducing logs, straw, rags, and similar cellulosic materials to chips, dust, powder, paste, pulp, or other smaller particles by means of compression, grinding, or agitation; and combining and mingling materials to produce a single mass or compound.

530.132-010 COATING-MIXER SUPERVISOR (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending and mixing materials used to make coating for paper and related products: Reads production order to determine type and quantity of coating needed. Plans mixing sequence and orders raw materials from stockroom. Assigns job duties to workers and supervises weighing and mixing of materials. Tests each batch of coating for specific gravity, consistency, and color. Directs routing of coating mix to paper machines or storage tanks. Keeps daily production records. Instructs new workers in use of machinery and safety procedures. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.132-014 SUPERVISOR, BEATER ROOM (paper & pulp) alternate titles: beater, head

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in beating and refining pulp to prepare furnish for processing into paper: Calculates volume or weight of ingredients, such as pulp, fillers, size, alum, and dyes, using formulas and laboratory analyses of ingredient concentrations. Orders charging of beater vats with ingredients, beater roll adjustment, and time of beating. Examines pulp samples and reviews laboratory reports to determine when beating process is completed. Compares sample of paper produced with specifications or standard sample and orders changes in beating procedure to produce paper to specified standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.132-018 SUPERVISOR, WOOD ROOM (paper & pulp) alternate titles: wood-mill supervisor; wood-preparation supervisor

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in debarking, sawing, cleaning, and chipping logs to make wood chips for use as pulp: Schedules production of chips according to quantity and species of wood required by digesters. Plans routing of wood through mill according to species of wood. Inspects chips and adjusts cutter knives to ensure chips are cut to specified standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

530.132-022 WOOD GRINDER, HEAD (paper & pulp) alternate titles: ground-wood supervisor; supervisor, groundwood mill

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding logs and wood blocks into pulp: Directs workers in feeding and adjusting machines to obtain pulp of specified consistency. Observes grinders, examines pulp for length and thickness of fiber, and reads laboratory reports on pulp consistency to determine need for sharpening grindstone or machine adjustment. Installs sharpening burr in stone-dressing lathe, using wrench. Moves controls to feed burr against revolving stone to dress and sharpen stone. Replaces worn stone, using hoist and handtools. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

530.261-010 COLOR DEVELOPER (paper & pulp)

Develops formulas for paper-coloring dye and prepares directions for mixing dye with pulp to produce colored paper to specifications or customer's sample: Determines composition of color sample, using spectrophotometer. Mixes pulp with water, size, filler, and other ingredients to make sample furnish of type and quality of paper specified. Weighs and mixes pigments to prepare dye, and mixes dye with furnish. Pours furnish on screen to make handsheet sample. Compares color of handsheet with color sample, visually or with spectrophotometer. Calculates weights and proportions of pigments and other materials required to make production batch of dye and prepares formulas and mixing directions for COATING-MIXER TENDER (paper & pulp). Prepares directions for BEATER ENGINEER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) for mixing dye with furnish. Prepares spectrophotometer charts on dye materials. Observes procedures of production staff in mixing dye with furnish and reviews laboratory reports to investigate causes of substandard colored paper. Consults with and advises production staff regarding technical problems in mixing colors and making colored paper to improve formulas and improve production methods.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.382-010 PULP-REFINER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Operates battery of machines to refine pulp and shorten fibers as pulp flows continuously through machines to prepare pulp for papermaking: Turns handwheels to adjust distance between bedplate and rotor knives to obtain specified fineness of fibers. Starts machines and pumps to regulate flow of pulp from beater chests through refining machines to paper machine chest. Examines pulp, reviews laboratory test reports, and adjusts machines to ensure that pulp meets specifications. May change bedplates and rotor knives, using handtools. May clean interior of storage chests, using water hose.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

530.384-010 MIXER HELPER (concrete prod.) alternate titles: puddler

Performs following duties to facilitate making wallboard (plasterboard): Puddles plaster slurry discharged from mixing machine, using puddling stick, and spreads it evenly for feeding into machine that combines slurry and paper into wallboard. Observes flow and squeezes flexible discharge nozzle (boot) of mixing machine to prevent formation of lumps in slurry. Scrapes hardened slurry from edge guides and smoothing bars. Scoops sample of slurry in cylinder, weighs it, and sets sample aside for specified period to determine consistency (slump). Places sample under testing needle that drops from specified height and indicates on dial depth of penetration to determine hardness (set) of core. Records test results and reports defects to supervisor. Clears jams on wallboard machine and cleans work area. Participates in splicing paper and in repairing wallboard and mixing machines.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.582-010 PULPER, SYNTHETIC SOIL BLOCKS (paper & pulp)

Operates hydropulper and batch reactor to blend woodpulp, plastic binders, and liquid fertilizers into slurry for use in molding synthetic soil blocks: Fills hydropulper tank with water, adds woodpulp and measured amounts of chemicals, and starts agitator. Observes and records temperature, pressure, and time interval of agitation cycle. Pumps cooled pulp slurry to reactor tank and flushes hydropulper tank with water. Starts reactor, adjusts temperature and pressure controls, and adds measured amounts of liquid fertilizers and plastic binders. Tests acidity of solution by titration and adds ingredients as needed to attain prescribed level. Pumps mixed slurry to storage tank for further processing. Flushes reactor tank with water.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

530.662-010 BEATER ENGINEER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: beater operator

Controls beater engines and related equipment to process furnish for making paper, roofing felt, and related products: Starts pumps and adjusts valves to regulate flow of specified amount of slush pulp into vat. Starts engines and adjusts beater rolls to obtain specified degree of pulp fineness and hydration. Examines furnish for specified consistency and size of fibers. Dips sample from vat for laboratory testing. Starts pumps to transfer furnish to storage chests. May operate machine to refine pulp. May make $T3freeness$T1 and acidity tests. May calculate volume and weight of furnish ingredients from technical control formulas. May mix and cook dyes for furnish. May control operation of battery of beaters and be designated Beater, Lead (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

530.662-014 WOOD GRINDER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Operates machines to grind logs or wood blocks into fibers used in making paper pulp, using one of following methods: (1) Opens slide gate, tosses wood into grinder pocket, and moves lever to actuate hydraulic piston that presses wood against revolving grindstones. (2) Adjusts panel controls to regulate conveyor system that feeds wood to hopper of grinder machines. Straightens wood in machine pocket or hopper to prevent jams, using $T3picaroon.$T1 Turns valves to regulate spray of water to cool grindstones and to control consistency of pulp. Turns handwheel to raise or lower dam to control flow of pulp from discharge end of machine. Observes temperature gauge and color of pulp for evidence of burns caused by dull or broken grindstones and notifies WOOD GRINDER, HEAD (paper & pulp) 530.132-022 of defects. May be designated according to type of machine operated as Pocket-Grinder Operator (paper & pulp); Ring-Grinder Operator (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

530.665-010 BEATER-ENGINEER HELPER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: beater-operator helper

Tends beaters and vats that prepare furnish for making paper, roofing felt, and related products: Turns valves to charge vats with specified amounts of slush pulp, fillers, size, and liquid chemicals. Weighs and dumps dry ingredients into vat according to formula. Dips furnish sample from vat for laboratory testing. Removes plug of vat to dump furnish into beater chest or starts pump to transfer furnish from vat to storage. Observes vat and beater operation and notifies BEATER ENGINEER (tex. prod., nec; paper & pulp) 530.662-010 of malfunction. Cleans vat with water and hose and scrapes out adhering matter. May truck materials from storage. May weigh, mix, and cook dyes. May chip rust, scale, and other deposits from machine rolls, using airhammer. May truck sheet pulp and other materials from stockroom.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

530.665-014 RAG-CUTTING-MACHINE TENDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec)

Tends rag-cutting machine that cuts rags to specified size preparatory to processing into paper, roofing felt, or related products: Presses buttons to actuate conveyor, cutters, and blowers. Observes movement of rags along conveyor to detect clogging or malfunctioning machine. Stops machine at sound of warning buzzer and removes clogged rags, using iron pry. Reports mechanical defects to supervisor. Lubricates, adjusts, and replaces worn blades of machine. May record amount of rags cut on daily production record.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.666-010 RAG-CUTTING-MACHINE FEEDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: cutter operator

Feeds machine that cuts rags to size for cooking, bleaching, and defibering prior to making paper, roofing felt, or related products: Places rags on apron of machine and pushes them into feeder roll or loads rags onto conveyor leading to machine. Examines cut rags for size and notifies supervisor if machine knives need adjusting or sharpening. May loosen setscrews with wrench and remove knives. May clean dirt and dust from dust compartment and work area.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.682-010 PULP GRINDER AND BLENDER (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

Operates machines to grind cooked wood chips into pulp and blend pulp with other specified ingredients in manufacture of wallboard: Turns handwheel to adjust grinding-plate settings. Starts machines and adjusts panel controls to maintain level in pulp and water chests and regulate flow of chips through grinding machines. Observes charts, dials, and gauges; and adjusts levers, valves, and panel controls to regulate flow of specified amounts of pulp, alum, wax, asphalt, and starch into blending machine. May weigh samples of wet and dry pulp on scales and calculate moisture content. May test pulp for $T3freeness,$T1 fineness, density, and breakage. May record production and test data.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

530.685-010 COATING-MIXER TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: clay mixer

Tends machine that mixes and strains filling and coating materials for paper: Weighs and dumps specified quantities of materials, such as clay, soda ash, titanium dioxide, lithopone, or gypsum, into hopper of mixing machine. Turns valve to admit metered volume of water into mixing machine and starts machine that mixes ingredients. Starts pumps that force mixture through straining screens and into storage tanks. Lifts screens from machine and washes screens with water hose. May deliver sacks of materials to mixer, using handtruck or forklift truck. May weigh and add specified quantities of color pigments to mixture. May plan mixing according to paper production orders.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.685-014 PULPER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: slusher operator

Tends machine that reduces broke or dry pulp sheets to pulp or slurry for use in making paper, wallboard, or related products: Dumps broke or pulp sheets onto conveyor or into vat to fill pulper machine. Pushes buttons and turns valves to admit water, ink removing solution, and steam that softens material to specified consistency. Starts beating machine that reduces material to pulp. Observes and monitors material, dials, or charts to ensure specified consistency of pulp. Opens discharge gate or starts pump to dump or transport pulp to storage or to other processes. May catch pulp in broke boxes and push boxes to beater engines. May push cart loads of broke from paper machines to pulper. May be designated according to material reduced as Broke-Beater Tender (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec); or according to type of machine used as Hydropulper (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

530.686-010 BEATER-AND-PULPER FEEDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec)

Feeds scrap paper or wood chips into beater tanks for grinding into furnish used in making paper, roofing felt, or related products: Conveys bales of scrap paper, fillers, starch, and chemicals to beater room, using forklift truck or handtruck. Opens bales and dumps paper and fillers into beater tanks. Observes scrap paper and discards plastic or other insoluble items into trash bin. Stacks bales of scrap paper and sacks of chemicals onto conveyor of pulper machine, using forklift truck. Sweeps and cleans work area. May open valves to drain furnish from beater tanks into storage units. May clean equipment screens, blades, and interior surfaces, using brushes, broom, and cleaning solutions.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.686-014 LOADER, MAGAZINE GRINDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: magazine loader

Loads pulp logs or wood blocks into magazines of grinder that reduces them to fibers used in making paper: Lifts and places logs into magazines, using lumber hooks or $T3picaroon$T1 to align logs and avoid jams. Cuts oversized logs to desired length, using cutoff saw.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.686-018 WASTE-PAPER-HAMMERMILL OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Feeds waste paper into machine that cuts paper into small pieces for use as building insulation. Fills sack with cut paper.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

530.687-010 RAG INSPECTOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: inspector, rag sorting

Examines rags to verify that they have been sorted according to color, quality, type, and condition, and that foreign matter, such as clips, buttons, and elastic, has been removed. Weighs rags and records weight. Trucks rags to cutting machines.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532 COOKING AND DRYING OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with removing moisture from paper and related materials by exposing them to heat or air or placing them in a vacuum, and cooking materials at specific temperatures for varied intervals to effect their composition, consistency, or texture.

532.362-010 DIGESTER OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: cook; digester cook

Operates battery of stationary or rotary steam digesters to cook wood chips with soda ash or acid to make pulp for use in manufacture of paper and insulation board: Signals DIGESTER-OPERATOR HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods) 532.686-010 to charge digesters with specified amounts of chips and chemicals. Turns valves or moves panel controls to admit steam into digesters, to raise temperature and pressure within specified limits, and to start rotary digesters. Monitors temperature, flow, and pressure gauges and charts to ensure that chips are cooked according to specifications. Tests samples of digester liquid by titration or standard color chart to determine completion of cooking process. Opens valves of stationary digester to blow cooked pulp into pit, or pulls lever to tip rotary digester and dump contents. Compiles production records. May be designated according to process as Cooker, Soda (paper & pulp; paper goods); Cooker, Sulfate (paper & pulp; paper goods); Cooker, Sulfite (paper & pulp; paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

532.585-010 MATRIX-DRIER TENDER (paper & pulp)

Tends cylinder drier that dries sheets of matrix paper: Sets controls of drier to regulate temperature and speed of cylinder and position of belt. Starts drier and feeds wet sheets between revolving cylinder and belt. Observes gauges and feels dried sheets for moisture content, and adjusts controls to achieve specified dryness. Gauges thickness of fiberboard and matrix mats, using micrometer calipers. Sorts and records mats according to thickness and stacks them on skids.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.685-010 BACK TENDER, INSULATION BOARD (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: pulp drier

Tends oven drier at back end of pulp-making machine that removes moisture from pulp sheets: Observes gauges and charts, and turns valves to regulate flow of steam and control oven temperature. Aligns sheets on conveyor to prevent jams. Regulates speed of conveyor to ensure that dried sheets conform to moisture content specifications.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532.685-014 COOKER TENDER (paper & pulp)

Tends cooker that cooks logs for processing into pulp: Bolts bottom of cooker in place. Opens gate of loading chute and guides logs into cooker with pike pole. Turns valve to fill cooker with steam to cook wood for specified period. Unbolts bottom of cooker and loads logs onto handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.685-018 EVAPORATOR OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends evaporator that condenses sulfite and black liquor to prepare them for recovery furnace: Adjusts controls and turns valves of evaporator to regulate flow and temperature of liquor to dehydrate liquor to specified density. Tests sample of liquor concentrate, using hydrometer and thermometer, to determine density. Cleans evaporator chambers, using steam hose.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532.685-022 MOISTURE-CONDITIONER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends machine that threads continuous sheet of paper through moisture-conditioning cabinet to dampen paper: Turns valves to regulate flow of air, steam, and water in cabinet to control temperature and moisture. Places roll of paper on reel stand, using hoist, and wraps end of paper around threader bar. Starts machine that automatically threads paper between feed and tension rolls in cabinet. Wraps end of dampened paper sheet on core shaft of rewinder reel. Adjusts tension of paper by adding or removing weights on chain.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

532.685-026 PULP-PRESS TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: hydraulic-press tender

Tends hydraulic press that removes moisture from fiberboard, laps, or sheets of wet pulp: Pushes loaded truck under hydraulic pressing plate and starts machine to lower ram and press water from pulp. Pulls truck away from press and pushes it to baling area. May stack layers of laps or sheets on handtruck, placing wire mesh or fiber mats between layers to facilitate pressing water from stock.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.686-010 DIGESTER-OPERATOR HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: cook helper; digester-cook helper; pulp-making-plant operator

Feeds wood chips and soda ash or acid into digester that processes wood chips into pulp: Unbolts and removes digester cover, using wrench and chain hoist. Lowers feed pipe into digester, using hoist, and pushes button or turns handwheel to load digester with wood chips. Pushes control panel button or turns valve to admit specified quantities of soda ash or acid into digester. Replaces and bolts cover. May remove cover and blow steam from digester at completion of cooking cycle. May tend conveyors that convey chips to hopper or cooked pulp to storage bins. May open valves to blow cooked pulp into pit. May pull lever to dump cooked pulp from rotary digester. May draw and deliver pulp sample to laboratory for analysis.
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

532.686-014 PAPER-CONE-DRYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods)

Dumps paper cones treated with solution of turpentine and beeswax into drying cabinet and starts fan. Rakes cones from cabinet after specified drying time.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

532.687-010 LABEL DRIER (recording)

Dries phonograph labels in oven for use by record-press section: Obtains specified labels from stock and spreads them on drying racks of oven. Turns dial of automatic timer to start drying cycle. Removes dried labels from racks and separates labels by title. Stacks labels on warming plates near record presses, according to production schedule. Collects, sorts, and returns unused labels to storage at end of shift.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533 COOLING, BLEACHING, SCREENING, WASHING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning materials with water, making them cooler, whitening them by use of chlorine gas or other bleaching agents, and separating finer from coarser parts by use of a screen.

533.362-010 BLEACHER, PULP (paper & pulp)

Controls equipment to bleach pulp: Starts pumps and adjusts controls to regulate flow of pulp to chlorination towers, bleaching and soaking tanks, and pulp washers, according to specified bleaching sequence. Opens valves to allow metered flow of such chemicals as liquid and gaseous chlorine, sulfur dioxide gas, caustic soda, hypochlorite, and peroxide into pulp, according to bleaching specifications. Starts agitators to mix pulp and chemicals. Tends cylinder washers to wash soluble impurities and excess bleach from pulp after each bleaching operation. Adjusts controls to ensure that pulp bleaching meets specifications, according to laboratory test reports. Starts equipment to pump bleached pulp to storage. May make titration tests. May test whiteness of pulp, using $T3reflectance meter.$T1 May tend decker machines that thicken pulp. May be designated according to pulp-making process as Bleacher, Groundwood Pulp (paper & pulp); Bleacher, Kraft Pulp (paper & pulp); Bleacher, Sulfite Pulp (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

533.665-010 BLOW-PIT OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends blow pits that wash pulp to remove cooking acid: Covers blow pit floor with specified amount of water, using hose, and clamps shut doors and hatches to prepare blow pit for receiving cooked pulp. Turns wheel, as signaled by DIGESTER OPERATOR (concrete prod.; paper & pulp), to open digester outlet valve and blow cooked pulp under pressure into blow pit. Opens valve to drain spent cooking liquor and water from pulp in blow pit. Opens water faucet or sprays pulp with water from high-pressure hose to wash cooking liquor from pulp and flush pulp from blow pit into receiving chests. Dips pulp sample from pit for testing in laboratory.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.682-010 DECKER OPERATOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: rotary-filter operator

Operates decker or rotary filter machines to remove water from pulp stock and reduce stock to specified consistency for bleaching or beating: Turns valves to regulate flow of pulp stock into machine vat. Starts machine and adjusts controls to regulate speed of cylindrical screen in vat. Turns valve to adjust suction in cylinder to deposit pulp on screen at specified rate and remove white water through meshes of screen. Turns handwheels or pulls lever to adjust press roll against screen to obtain pulp of specified consistency. Pulls lever to adjust blade that scrapes pulp from screen into storage chest. May tend flat or rotary screens to remove coarse fibers from pulp.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

533.685-010 BLEACH-BOILER FILLER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: bleach-boiler packer; filler

Tends rotary bleach boiler that cleans and bleaches rags used in making paper: Charges boiler with rags, chemicals, and water. Fastens boiler cover, starts rotary motor, and turns steam valves to clean and bleach rags in boiler for specified length of time. Opens valves to reduce steam pressure and drain liquid from boiler. May pack boiler with alternate layers of rags and dry chemicals. May mix chemicals.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-014 BROWN-STOCK WASHER (paper & pulp)

Tends machines that wash cooking liquor from pulp: Starts machines and pumps, and turns valves to regulate spray from water jets and flow of pulp through washer to remove cooking liquor. Opens drains to dispose of wash water or transfer wash water to recovery storage tank. May tend flat or centrifugal screens that remove knots or uncooked chips from pulp.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-018 SAVE-ALL OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends machine that salvages woodpulp suspended in white water: Opens valves or starts pumps to regulate flow of white water and glue size into vat causing pulp to flocculate (form fluffy mass) for easier removal. Starts cylinder of machine revolving to remove pulp from water. Turns valve to adjust vacuum in cylinder to remove water from pulp deposited on screen. Pulls levers to adjust blade that scrapes pulp from cylinder into receiving chest. Starts pumps to transport recovered pulp and residue of white water containing fillers, dyes, and chemicals to storage chests. Cleans machine and pipelines with brushes and chemical solution.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-022 SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: screen-room operator

Tends knotters, rifflers, and centrifugal and flat screens that remove knots, sand, coarse fibers, and uncooked chips from cooked woodpulp: Starts machine and turns valves to adjust flow of pulp and water into screening machine at specified consistency, or sets automatic consistency regulator. Adjusts water sprays to wash pulp through screens and refuse into receiving chests. Examines and feels usable (fine) fibers and screened-out material to detect inefficient cleaning and loss of stock, and adjusts flow of pulp stock and water accordingly. Replaces defective screen plates, using handtools. Cleans screen plates and flow boxes with water hose. Washes and scrapes sand deposits from rifflers. May tend washers to wash cooking liquor from pulp [DECKER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)]. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Centrifugal-Screen Tender (paper & pulp); Riffler Tender (paper & pulp); Rod-Machine Operator (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

533.685-026 SCREEN TENDER, CHIPS (paper & pulp)

Tends rotary or shaker screens that remove slivers, sawdust, dirt, knots, and oversized chips from wood chips used for paper pulp: Starts conveyors to move wood chips from storage to screens and to transfer cleaned chips to designated bins. Starts screens and blower to clean chips and adjusts feeding mechanism on screens to prevent overloading. Cleans screens with airhose and brush after each run. Oils machine and conveyors. May tend rechipping machine to reduce size of oversize chips.
GOE: 06.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.685-030 THRASHER FEEDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: rag-willow operator

Tends thrasher (dusting machine) that removes dust and lime from rags: Starts machine and feeds rags into machine hopper. Removes dust receiver from machine, dumps dust, and cleans machine.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-034 WASHER ENGINEER (paper & pulp)

Tends equipment that bleaches and washes cooked rags used in making paper: Turns valve to fill vat with water. Dumps specified quantities of chlorine, lime, and alum into vat to prepare bleaching solution. Places rags in solution to bleach them for specified length of time. Turns valve to drain solution from vat. Sets controls to regulate flow of water into vat to wash bleach solution from rags. Starts roller to pick up and eject dirty water from vat. Turns valve to drain wash water from vat. Removes rags from vat and places them in seasoning bin.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.686-010 BLOW-PIT HELPER (paper & pulp)

Assists BLOW-PIT OPERATOR (paper & pulp) in washing pulp to remove cooking acid: Pulls lever to close blow pit drain covers. Dumps pulp from digester into blow pit. Turns handwheel to open drain valves that permit gravity drainage of cooking liquor into recovery vat or sewers. Flushes residual pulp from blow pit, using high-pressure water hose. Cleans work area, using broom, hose, and shovel. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.686-014 WASHER-ENGINEER HELPER (paper & pulp)

Assists WASHER ENGINEER (paper & pulp) in bleaching and washing cooked rags used in making paper: Removes covers from boiler, using hoist and wrenches. Positions stock boxes under boiler openings to receive cooked rags. Removes rags stuck in boiler, using metal hook. Pushes loaded boxes to washer and dumps rags into washer, using hoist. Turns valves to emit rags from machine after completion of wash cycle and conveys material to designated area of plant for further processing. Records rag type and time of wash cycle on production sheet. Cleans equipment and work area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.687-010 SCREEN-TENDER HELPER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: screen washer

Assists SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) in removing impurities and uncooked chips from cooked woodpulp: Turns valve to activate pump that fills defoamer tank. Washes clogged masses of fibers and impurities from screen plates, using water hose. Washes and scrapes sand and sludge from rifflers and flow boxes. Draws and spreads pulp sample in sheet mold. Observes sample against light, and notifies SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) when sample fails to meet cleaning specifications. May remove and replace screen plates, using handtools. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534 CALENDERING, SIZING, COATING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

This group includes occupations concerned with imparting a desired finish or ensuring uniform thickness in paper by pressure applied with rollers; applying a thin pasty substance such as glue, starch, or resin to paper to glaze it, act as a filler, or otherwise treat the surface; and brushing a layer of mineral over paper and then drying it as a preliminary step to calendering.

534.130-010 SUPERVISOR, COATING (photo. appar.)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating coating machines to sensitize blueprint and photographic paper: Sets up machine and adjusts roller speed and drying temperature. Reads gauges and graphs and inspects control mechanisms to verify machine setup. Adds chemical ingredients, such as solvents and neutralizing agents, to solution as specified by quality control test reports. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

534.132-010 SUPERVISOR, CALENDERING (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating calender machines to impart specified gloss and finish to surface of paper: Assigns duties to workers, according to production orders and knowledge of machine capacities. Inspects finish of paper for adherence to specifications. Trains workers in operation of machines. Maintains production, quality control, and personnel records. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

534.132-014 SUPERVISOR, PAPER COATING (paper & pulp; paper goods)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating machines to coat, laminate, or impregnate paper and related materials with substances such as wax, resins, starches, or polyethylene: Confers with customers and company officials to obtain order specifications. Prepares work schedules and assigns duties to workers. Analyzes production reports and maintains production records. Trains workers. May operate coating machines during absences of regular workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

534.137-010 SUPERVISOR, CARBON-PAPER-COATING (pen & pencil)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in manufacturing carbon paper and inked ribbons, and processing printed forms into multicopy business forms and teletype rolls: Reads work orders and production schedules to determine processing sequence. Prepares time and cost estimates and other production reports. Assigns duties and interprets company policy to workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

534.380-010 CARBON-PAPER-COATING-MACHINE SETTER (pen & pencil)

Sets up and adjusts battery of machines that pass paper or plastic sheeting between series of rolls to coat it with inked wax-oil preparation to make carbon paper: Selects and installs specified rolls, such as printing (to print specified wording and design on back of paper), applicator, wiper, hot, and cold rolls, using wrenches. Wipes rolls with cloth and solvent to remove dirt and excess wax. Turns valves to admit steam and cold water into hot and cold rolls. Observes gauges and adjusts valves to regulate temperature of rolls and heat of wax in reservoir pan. Measures thickness of material to be coated, using micrometers, to determine that weight is as ordered. Observes paper as it passes over and around rolls, and turns nuts to adjust positions of rolls to remove wrinkles. Measures thickness of coated paper with micrometers, and adjusts distance between applicator and wiper rolls to produce coating of specified thickness. Assists CARBON-COATER-MACHINE OPERATOR (pen & pencil) in installing and removing rolls of material and in cutting jammed paper from rolls.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.482-010 WAXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: sheeter-waxer operator; wax-coating-machine tender; waxer operator

Operates machines to coat paper or cardboard container blanks with wax or paraffin: Mounts paper roll on machine feedrack by hand or using chain hoist, or loads blanks on stacking mechanism. Fills tank with wax chunks or paraffin blocks, and turns valves to regulate temperature and melt material. Starts machine and adjusts controls to regulate machine feed, temperature of wax, paraffin, cooling rolls, or cold water bath, and tension of paper feed or stacking mechanism. Weighs standard-size paper sheets before and after coating and calculates weight of wax, or measures thickness of coated blanks with automatic micrometer, to verify that coating meets specifications. Examines blanks for uneven paraffin distribution, bubbles, spots, or other imperfections. May be designated according to type of product coated as Carton-Waxing-Machine Operator (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.565-010 OVEN TENDER (ordnance)

Tends series of drying and humidifying ovens and waxing tanks that waterproof and condition paper tubes preparatory to processing into shotgun shells: Turns valves and pushes buttons to heat oven, admit water and liquid wax into tanks, and start cooling fans. Observes temperature, humidity, and steam pressure charts and gauges, and adjusts equipment accordingly. Notifies maintenance workers of equipment malfunction. Lifts baskets of die-sized tubes into monorail carriers at sizing machines. Pushes loaded carriers into polymerizing oven to harden linseed-oil coating and into humidifying oven to soften paper for subsequent machining. Immerses carriers in molten wax to waterproof tube interiors, using hoist. Empties carriers into steam-heated tumbler to remove excess wax from tubes. Records types and quantities of tubes processed.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.582-010 PAPER-COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (photo. appar.) alternate titles: coater; sensitizer

Operates machine to coat paper with chemical solution or emulsion to produce paper for graphic duplicating or photographic printmaking: Fills coating troughs with specified chemicals. Mounts paper roll on machine spindle, using hoist or lift truck. Threads paper through coating rollers and drying chamber. Adjusts screws on roller shaft to regulate machine speed and paper tension, using handtools. Adjusts temperature in drying chamber to regulate drying of paper. Examines and feels surface of coated paper emerging from machine for streaks, discoloration, and adequate moisture content. Cuts paper with knife to obtain sample for laboratory testing. Records gauge and graph readings and production data. May be designated according to type of coating applied as Blueprint-Paper-Coating-Machine Operator (photo. appar.); Photographic-Paper-Coating-Machine Operator (photo. appar.).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.662-010 BACK TENDER, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp) alternate titles: second hand, paper machine

Operates drier, calender, and winding sections of fourdrinier or cylinder-type papermaking machines to produce paper and wind it onto rolls: Threads continuous sheet of paper through carrier, drier, and calender rolls by hand. Observes charts and gauges, and turns valves to adjust steam pressure, temperature of drier and calender rolls, and hot air blowing into continuous sheet. Turns wheels to adjust tension on rolls and control running speed of sheet. Inspects sheet for defects, such as dirt, slime spots, holes, and wrinkles, and marks defective portions for removal at rewinding section. Directs workers engaged in winding, slitting, weighing, wrapping, and stenciling paper rolls. May operate size tub or spray paper with steam, water, or dyes to obtain specified finish. May operate drying section only to produce rolls or sheets of dry pulp and be designated Back Tender, Pulp Drier (paper & pulp). May be designated according to type of machine as Back Tender, Cylinder (paper & pulp); Back Tender, Fourdrinier (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

534.665-010 SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

Tends filter-screen unit at wet end of fourdrinier machine that makes paper, sheet pulp, or insulation board from pulp stock: Adjusts guides to prevent wet felt from running off machine, using wrench. Turns valves to regulate flow of water and pulp onto filter screens as requested by FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods). Scrapes residue from screens with hand rake. Observes pickup of pulp from cylinder screens by carrier mat and formation of continuous sheets to detect defects in paper, such as breaks, slivers, dirt, and slime spots. Notifies FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) of paper defects and machine malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-010 AIR-DRIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: continuous-loft operator

Controls equipment to size (coat) and dry paper: Positions paper roll on feedrack, using hoist. Threads paper through size tank and press and drier rolls, and secures it to winding reel. Starts equipment and adjusts controls to regulate speed of winding reel, temperature of drier rolls, and temperature of air rising from ducts to obtain specified finish. Examines paper during winding for uniformity of finish and defects, such as wrinkles and tears, and flags defective sections for removal. May operate slitter and winder machine to slit and rewind paper into smaller rolls [SLITTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) I]. May operate machine to cut paper into specified sizes [CUTTER OPERATOR (any industry)].
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.682-014 CARBON-COATER-MACHINE OPERATOR (pen & pencil) alternate titles: coater, carbon paper

Operates machine that coats paper or plastic sheeting with inked wax-oil preparation to make carbon paper: Dips hot solution from storage vat, using pail, and pours solution into pans of machine. Installs roll of paper on machine and threads roll through series of rollers that roll coating on paper, imprint back of paper with identifying data, and chill coating to harden it. Observes gauges and turns steam and cold water valves to regulate temperatures of rolls. Starts machine and observes paper to detect defects, such as tears, slits, holes, and light spots, blurred or incomplete printing, and lack of sheen in coating that indicates need for replenishing ink supply. Turns nuts to adjust tension of roll to prevent wrinkles in paper. Measures thickness of coated paper, using micrometer, to verify that specified quantity of coating is being applied. Cuts jammed paper from rolls and machine, using knife and shears. Cleans rolls and machine parts with solvent and cloths.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-018 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: grounding-machine operator; paper coater

Operates machine to glaze or impregnate paper with size or coating mixtures: Adjusts spreader rollers and aligns or fastens brushes or scraper blade in machine, using handtools, to spread coating to specified depth on paper. Loads paper roll on machine feedrack, using hoist, and threads paper through spreader, pressure, and drying rolls. Turns valve to admit specified coating mixture into machine tank. Starts machine and observes paper to detect wrinkles, breaks, and uneven coating. Turns handwheels or levers to adjust tension of paper and pressure of rollers. May measure depth of coating, using micrometer. May be designated according to coating material used as Clay-Coating-Machine Tender (paper & pulp; paper goods); Varnisher-Plasticoater (fabrication, nec). May coat printed wallpaper with plastic solution to waterproof it and be designated Waterproof-Coating-Machine Tender (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

534.682-022 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR, HARDBOARD (paper goods; wood prod., nec) alternate titles: paint-coating-machine operator

Operates machine to spray paint and print surface finish on hardboard sheets: Fills hoppers of machine with ready-mixed paint. Starts machine and moves controls to regulate spraying action, specified tension of rollers, and temperature of infrared drying lamps. Tests density of paint, using viscometer. May tend machine that coats unfinished insulation board with talc to prevent sticking during subsequent pressing and be designated High-Density-Talc-Coater Operator (wood prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.682-026 COMBINER OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: combiner-sheet operator; hot-melt-machine operator; laminating-machine operator; paster operator; solid-fiber-paster operator

Sets up and operates machine to combine two or more continuous sheets of material, such as paper, paperboard, foil, and plastic film, to form such laminated products as building paper, fiberboard, wallboard, or material from which metallic yarn is slit: Mounts rolls of materials in machine, using hoist. Threads materials over and under guide rollers (one sheet over adhesive roller), around cooling drum, and to rewinder core. Starts pumps to transfer adhesive solution from storage tanks to machine. Starts machine, observes gauges, and adjusts controls to maintain temperature and pressure of rollers, temperature of adhesive, filling of cooling drum, functioning of doctor blade, and speed of machine. Inspects samples of laminated products for defects, such as wrinkles and thick spots. May test specific gravity of adhesive solution, using hydrometer. May attach ends of new material to material in machine with tape. May set up and operate machine to extrude polyethylene film, combine film with paper or aluminum foil, and print design on processed laminated paper used for wrapping materials and be designated Polyethylene Combiner (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

534.682-030 CREPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: crinkling-machine operator

Operates machine to crinkle smooth-surfaced paper to form crepe paper: Mounts stock roll on machine, using chain hoist. Regulates flow of glue or laminate to pans and steam to drying cylinders. Starts machine and threads sheet through glue pan, feed rolls, creping (crinkling) roll and blade, rolls that remove excess glue or laminate, drying cylinders, tension rolls, and onto rewinding rolls. Moves controls to bring creping blade in contact with moving paper to crinkle paper, and adjusts temperature of steam-heated rolls, tension of paper, and pressure of rolls to prevent tearing or folding of paper. Cuts paper, using knife, and removes roll of crepe paper when required amount has been wound. May operate machine equipped with cylinder press that simultaneously prints and laminates surface of paper in addition to creping process and be designated Crepe-Laminator Operator (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-034 STRAP-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: strap-making-machine operator

Operates strapping machine to glue, compress, and dry multiple strands of twisted fiber yarn to form straps used for packaging: Hangs cones of yarn on creel and empty spool on winder. Turns valves to fill glue troughs. Opens steam valves and observes thermometer to heat glue and drying cans to specified temperature. Adjusts distance between dies to specified measurements, using handtools. Threads strands through tension device, glue bath, compression dies, infrared tacking lamps, around drying can, and through roller and counter to spool. Starts equipment and inspects finished strapping for strand separation, thickness, and width, visually or using gauges. Cuts out faulty areas and splices cut ends together. Replaces full spools on winder. Observes creel, replaces emptying cones, and splices ends. Repairs breaks in yarn by splicing ends. Tags and marks full spools for identification.
GOE: 06.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

534.682-038 SUPERCALENDER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Operates supercalender machine to impart specified gloss and finish to surface of paper: Positions roll of paper on machine reel stand, using hoist. Fastens collar and alignment guides on shaft to secure roll, using wrench. Threads paper around feed, calender, and tension rolls, and wraps end of paper around core shaft of rewinder roll. Observes gauge and turns valve to control temperature by regulating flow of steam to calender rolls. Turns handwheels to control tension of paper and pressure of rolls. Inspects paper for dirt, slime spots, wrinkles, and compactness of winding. Splices breaks in paper with glue or splicing paper, and seals splices with heated flatiron. Tests paper samples for gloss and finish, using glarimeter. Holds sandpaper against revolving rolls to remove lint and dirt.
GOE: 06.02.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.685-010 DAMPENER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

Tends machine that dampens rolls of paper prior to calendering: Inserts steel shaft in core of roll and positions roll on machine frame, using hoist. Aligns roll on shaft and fastens collar to shaft to secure alignment, using rule and wrench. Turns valve to regulate flow of water into tank and starts machine. Threads paper through feed and tension rolls and wraps end of paper around rewinding roll. Turns handwheels to adjust tension and friction rolls. Turns switch to start rotary brush that throws spray of water from tank onto underside of paper. Pounds paper with wooden club to prevent loose winding on roll. Observes feeding, spraying, and winding of paper for excess moisture and loose winding, and makes adjustments. Loads rewound roll onto dolly, using hoist, and pushes it away from machine.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-014 FRICTION-PAINT-MACHINE TENDER (fabrication, nec)

Tends equipment that applies and dries strip of friction paint (striking material) on cards of matchbook covers and matchbox slides: Loads stack of cards into machine feed magazine. Observes machine feed to prevent jam of cards on conveyor. Inspects friction paint coverage for specified thickness of application, and adjusts friction paint feedwheels, using handtools. Removes paper dust and dirt from revolving feedwheels with knife. Fills machine reservoir with friction paint. Turns steam valves and reads gauge to maintain specified temperature in conveyor-drier.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-018 OILING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods)

Tends machine that immerses hardboard sheets in oil to impart smooth finish and cuts sheets to size preparatory to tempering: Adjusts position of saws to cut sheets to specified length and width. Observes gauge and turns steam valve to fill oil reservoir and maintain oil at prescribed temperature. Starts feed conveyors, saws, and automatic sheet-stacking mechanism. Feeds uncoated sheets into machine and pulls table saw across end of each sheet before coating to remove irregular edges. Observes sheets for presence of coating flaws, scratches, and oil droplets on surface. Grades hardboard sheets according to defects and size. Places board beneath each stack of oiled sheets and inverts top sheet to protect surfaces against marring during storage or further processing. Keeps records of rejected hardboard sheets for shift log.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-022 PAPER COATER (paper & pulp; paper goods)

Tends machine that dyes paper to specified color: Pours prepared dye solution into machine receptacle. Loads roll of paper in machine. Pulls lever to start device that applies color solution to paper. Observes paper as it passes through machine to detect blemishes, streaks, or other defects. Replenishes dye solution and loads machine with paper when depleted.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.685-026 PARAFFIN-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods)

Tends machine that sprays fiber can lids or paperboard box blanks with paraffin wax to make items moistureproof or airtight: Fills machine reservoir with paraffin chunks and opens steam valve to heat and liquefy paraffin. Places items into machine that automatically sprays melted paraffin wax on inner surfaces as items pass under nozzle. Examines sprayed items to ensure uniformity of coating. Stacks finished items on trays or handcart for removal to storage area. May keep daily production records.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-030 VARNISHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.)

Tends machine that coats paper decals with varnish: Mixes varnish according to formula and fills machine reservoir. Starts machine and feeds sheets of paper decals between rollers that coat them with varnish.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-034 WET-END HELPER (wood prod., nec)

Tends wet end of machine that cuts and paints wallboard, as directed by FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods): Turns valve to regulate flow of paint onto wet board. Turns handwheel to adjust cutters. Guides end of wet-board mat from pressure rolls onto tipple rolls at start of each new run. Observes wet-board panels and pulls lever to drop defective boards into recovery box. Sharpens and cleans cutter as it rotates. Removes and replaces screens and pressure rolls, using hoist and handtools. May weigh sample of wet board, dry sample in electric retort, and compute moisture loss and estimated density, using standard conversion tables or slide rule. May measure thickness of board, using calipers. May record production data in logbook.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.686-010 PAPER-PROCESSING-MACHINE HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods)

Mounts rolls of paper on machines, such as combiner, coating machine, and waxing machine, and performs related duties to assist machine operators: Inserts metal shaft through core of paper roll, positions roll on machine feedrack, using hoist, and clamps shaft in bearings. Shoves core on rewind shaft and positions shaft in machine rewind rack. Assists operator in threading paper through machine, and starts end of paper around rewind core. Splices breaks in paper, using tape and hot iron. Removes rewound roll from machine with hoist, and pulls shaft from core by hand. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May stack cardboard container blanks and return blanks to operator for further processing of untreated sides of blanks. May examine coating of blanks for imperfections and notify operator when imperfections occur. May be designated according to worker assisted, as Coating-Machine-Operator Helper (paper & pulp; paper goods); Combiner-Operator Helper (paper & pulp; paper goods); Supercalender-Operator Helper (paper & pulp); Waxing-Machine-Operator Helper (paper goods).
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

534.687-010 CONE TREATER (paper goods)

Treats paper cones with mixture of turpentine and beeswax: Combines specified amounts of turpentine and beeswax in vat and adjusts controls to heat mixture to specified temperature. Fills wire basket with paper cones and lowers basket into heated mixture until thoroughly saturated (treated). Raises basket, drains mixture from cones, and sets basket aside for transfer to drying cabinet.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.687-014 CREPING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (paper goods)

Assists CREPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) in forming crepe paper: Trucks paper rolls to machine and storage areas. Weighs finished rolls and cleans working area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

535 FORMING OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with imparting a desired shape to paper and related material.

535.482-010 WAD-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR-ADJUSTER (ordnance) alternate titles: compressor operator-adjuster

Operates battery of compressor machines and drying ovens to press and dry cardboard-fiber and wood-flour slurry to form filler wads for shotgun shells: Turns valves to fill compressor jackets with slurry and to heat drying ovens. Starts feed tank agitator, wad compressors, and conveyors. Observes molded wads emerging from compressor punches to detect concave tops indicating fouled punch tip. Unbolts punch tube and cleans accumulated slurry from tip, using compressed air or water. Replaces bent or broken punches, tubes, knock-off fingers, and transfer plates, using handtools. Weighs specified number of dried wads from each batch of slurry on grain scale, and computes quantity of water needed to produce wads of specified weight. Measures thickness of wads, using dial gauge, and adjusts spacing between top and bottom punches to change wad thickness, using micrometers, feeler gauges, and precision gauge blocks. Washes accumulation of slurry from machine. May operate and adjust battery of stationary pneumatic compressors that press slurry into holed wads for further compressing into base wads and be designated Base-Wad Operator-Adjuster (ordnance).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

535.685-010 PLATE WORKER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: composition-board-press operator; high-density-press operator; hot-press operator

Tends steam-heated hydraulic press which compresses paper and cardboard to form insulation board: Positions preformed cardboard and paper on bed of press. Starts press to lower ram, and turns steam valve to bond paper and cardboard together. Closes valve, raises ram, and removes finished board from press. May tend semiautomatic press that forms insulation panels and transfers them to trimming and painting machines, monitoring temperature and pressure gauges to maintain press conditions within plant standards. May measure thickness of pressed board, using micrometer, to determine conformity of product to specifications.
GOE: 06.04.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PAPER AND RELATED MATERIALS, N.E.C.

This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with effecting the composition, texture, shape, color, consistency, and finish of paper and related materials.

539.130-010 SUPERVISOR, HARDBOARD (wood prod., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting peeler log cores into chips, grinding chips into pulp, and pressing pulp into insulation board or hardboard: Observes various processing operation and reads dials and charts to verify conformance of products to specifications. Inspects and tests samples of chips, mat, and hardboard for water absorption, resin and wax content, internal bond, modulus rupture, weight, and dimensions, using laboratory equipment. Trains and assign tasks to new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

539.130-014 SUPERVISOR, WET ROOM (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in screening, pressing, sheet-forming, and baling pulp used in making paper: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Reads dirt and moisture test reports and orders adjustments made to machinery to obtain pulp of specified quality. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.131-010 SUPERVISOR, WET END (wood prod., nec)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking and processing wood chips to form pulp, and in processing pulp to form hardboard or insulation board. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

539.132-010 SUPERVISOR, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating papermaking machines to make cardboard, paper, and pulp sheets from pulp stock, and winding and cutting paper sheets: Directs workers in installing wet and dry felts and wire-mesh belts in machine, and in threading paper through feed, press, drier, and calender rolls. Observes consistency of pulp and reads laboratory reports of moisture, caliber, and oil tests to verify conformation of product to quality control specifications. Supervises workers in requisitioning, repairing, and maintaining wire-mesh belts, wet and dry felts, and machine accessories and parts. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to machines operated by workers supervised as Fourdrinier-Paper-Machine Supervisor (paper & pulp); or according to product as Superintendent, Board Mill (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

539.132-014 SUPERVISOR, PULP PLANT (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking, bleaching, and screening pulp and in making cooking and bleaching liquors to prepare pulp for use in making paper: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Reads laboratory reports and observes cooking, bleaching, screening, and liquor-making operations to verify that specified procedures are followed and that products meet specifications. Observes level of pulp in storage chests, and directs workers in routing pulp from bleachers to chests, to ensure that pulp of specified quantity and quality is available for delivery to papermaking machines. Inspects equipment, such as pumps and digester shells, for leaks and worn bearings, and schedules shutdown of equipment for maintenance and repair. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to activities of workers supervised as Supervisor, Bleach Plant (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

539.132-018 SUPERVISOR, REPULPING (paper & pulp) alternate titles: head-stock operator

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in repulping, refining, and adding colors and clays to ground woodpulp and broke: Reads production order to determine operating sequence, type and length of fibers to use, and specified amounts and mixture of colors and clays. Directs flow of materials to meet production schedules. Compares laboratory test results with production specifications and confers with department supervisors to ensure that pulp meets quality control standards. Directs training of new workers, and instructs them in safety procedures. Initiates promotions within department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.134-010 SUPERVISOR, PAPER TESTING (paper & pulp; paper goods)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in testing paper and pulp products, and in calibrating and maintaining related equipment: Assigns duties to workers and instructs them on new test procedures. Confers with company officials to develop new products and resolve customer complaints. Analyzes test reports to verify product adherence to company standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.137-010 SUPERVISOR, RAG ROOM (paper & pulp)

Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sorting, cutting, cooking, and bleaching rags for use in making paper. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.137-014 PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR (nonmet. min.)

Supervises workers engaged in tending machines that process and package recycled newspapers into cellulose insulation: Observes sorting, equipment loading, processing, and packaging operations for conformance to establishment specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

539.362-010 CYLINDER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

Operates cylinder-type machine to make paper, cardboard stock, insulation board, or pulp sheets according to specifications: Turns valves to start flow of water and specific types of pulp stock into designated cylinder vats. Starts machine and turns handwheels and valves or adjusts panel controls to regulate flow of stock onto wire mesh of revolving pickup cylinders and onto wet felt mats on which continuous sheets of product are formed. Inspects machine products, reviews laboratory reports, and observes machine operations to determine causes of defects in paper. Regulates and coordinates stock flow, speed of pickup cylinders and wet felts, and water removal by vacuum action of cylinders and by pressure of rolls on pulp mat, according to type of stock and specified kind, grade, weight, and moisture content of product. Directs workers engaged in replacing felts, threading sheets through drier rolls, slitting and cutting sheets to specified dimensions, and winding sheets onto roll. May be designated according to product made as Cylinder-Machine Operator, Pulp Drier (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

539.362-014 FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: paper-machine operator

Operates wet end of fourdrinier machine to make paper, sheet pulp, or insulation board from pulp stock: Turns valves and pushes buttons, flips switches, or moves levers of control panel to start flow of pulp stock into machine headbox and flow of white water to dilute pulp stock. Starts machine and turns wheel to adjust flow of stock onto wire-mesh belt on which paper or other product is formed. Observes formation of product and removal of water, and inspects samples of completed product. Adjusts volume and speed of stock flow, speed and pitch of wire belt, frequency and amplitude of belt shake, water removal by suction boxes and rolls, and pressure of rolls on pulp mats, according to type of pulp stock and kind, grade, and weight of product specified. Tends auxiliary equipment, such as agitators, pumps, and filters. Gives instructions to BACK TENDER, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp) 534.662-010 in operating machines that dry, size, calender, wind, or cut paper or paper products. Replaces or directs workers engaged in replacing wire belts and drying-roll felts. Adjusts, cleans, repairs, and replaces rolls and other machine parts, using handtools. May install and adjust dandy roll to impress watermark on paper. May install and adjust paint roll to paint surface of insulation board.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 81

539.362-018 SLURRY MIXER (ordnance)

Operates attrition mill, hydrabeater, and related equipment to produce slurry for subsequent processing into shotgun shell wads: Feeds bagasse and scrap paper into attrition mill that shreds material. Turns handwheel to adjust hydrabeater blades according to slurry consistency specified, and adjusts timer for prescribed cycle. Weighs and measures specified quantities of milled material, wood flour, starch, and dyes, according to formula, and dumps ingredients into hydrabeater in prescribed sequence, using lift truck. Drains unabsorbed water from measured quantity of slurry into graduated cup to determine slurry $T3freeness$T1 and adjusts beating time and water content of next batch accordingly to maintain uniform consistency of batches. Starts pump to transfer slurry into dilution tank, starts agitator in tank, and admits metered amount of water to dilute slurry to specified consistency. Pumps slurry into holding tank and signals WAD-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR-ADJUSTER (ordnance) to start molding machine.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.364-010 PULP-AND-PAPER TESTER (paper & pulp)

Tests samples of each batch of pulp and run of paper, using standard testing equipment and chemical analyses to control quality and uniformity of products: Measures acidity of pulp, using pH meter. Measures weight, thickness, and bulk of standard paper sample, using micrometer and scales. Determines liquor content of pulp, using standard chemical analyses. Makes hand sheet from pulp, using wire screen, press, and drying oven. Counts dirt specks in unit area of sheet, using microscope. Tests hand sheet and paper samples for bursting, tearing, and folding strength, using specified test equipment. Measures brightness of hand sheet and paper, using $T3reflectance meter$T1 and compares color with standard colors. Records test data and prepares report for machine operators. May be designated according to product tested as Paper Tester (paper & pulp); Pulp Tester (paper & pulp); or according to processing stage as Dry-End Tester (paper & pulp); Wet-End Tester (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

539.367-010 FINAL INSPECTOR, PAPER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: head paper tester

Inspects paper rolls and reviews reports on production to maintain quality control: Compares test report with specifications for indication of substandard production. Examines paper rolls to verify test reports indicating substandard production, and orders rejection of paper not meeting specifications. Evaluates previous tests and machine detail records to determine corrective action. Notifies FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) of machine adjustments required to produce paper of specified quality. Compiles test records of paper produced by each machine to maintain quality control of future production. Reviews work of other inspectors for adherence to prescribed procedures. Schedules testing of products to verify their conformance to customer specifications.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.367-014 WATER-QUALITY TESTER (paper & pulp)

Reviews data from meters, recorders, and sampler, and inspects equipment in mill to ensure compliance with government standards: Records readings from plant measuring devices, such as recorders and meters. Removes and replaces record charts. Computes effluent flow from chart for sampling period. Collects waste water samples, using sample bottle. Submits samples to laboratory for testing. Writes report on findings. Observes operation of mill effluent system to determine areas of abnormal pulp spills, leaks, or defects in piping. Inspects machine sampling and measuring devices to determine source of problem or if equipment is malfunctioning. Reviews sampling and operational reports to ensure that results are within limits of water quality standards. Conducts tests, such as pH and dissolved oxygen, to ascertain effluent levels. Notifies supervisor of excessive fluctuation in waterflow or major breakdown in equipment. Records findings on daily logsheet.
GOE: 05.07.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.387-010 CHIP TESTER (paper & pulp)

Tests samples of purchased wood chips, used in making pulp, to determine moisture content and quality: Observes dumping of chips into receiving pit and starts conveyor that transfers chips to screening and storage areas. Draws measured sample from conveyor, places chips in drying oven for specified period of time, and records dry weight to determine weight loss. Places additional sample of chips in pilot screen to separate unsuitable wood, such as sawdust, slivers, and oversized chunks. Remov