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Immigrants Of The Week: John Kenneth Galbraith (Canada), Madeline Albright (Czech Republic), and Arnold Schwarzenegger (Austria)

by Kevin R. Johnson

Immigrant of the Day: John Kenneth Galbraith (Canada)


John Kenneth Galbraith (October 15, 1908–April 29, 2006) was an influential Canadian-American economist. He was a Keynesian and an institutionalist, a leading proponent of 20th-century American liberalism and progressivism. Galbraith was a prolific author who produced four dozen books and over a thousand articles on various subjects. Among his most famous works was a popular trilogy on economics, American Capitalism (1952), The Affluent Society (1958), and The New Industrial State (1967). He taught at Harvard University for many years. Galbraith was active in politics, serving in the administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson; and among other roles served as U.S. ambassador to India under Kennedy. He was one of a few two-time recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He received one from President Truman in 1946 and another from President Bill Clinton in 2000.. He was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award, for his contributions to strengthening ties between India and the United States.. Galbraith was born to Canadians of Scottish descent, in Iona Station, Ontario, Canada and was raised in Dutton, Ontario. After initially studying agriculture, Galbraith graduated from the Ontario Agricultural College (then affiliated with the University of Toronto, and now the University of Guelph) with a B.Sc degree in 1931, and then received an M.Sc (1933) and Ph.D in Agricultural Economics (1934) from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1934, he also became a tutor at Harvard University. In 1937, he became a United States citizen (at a time when neither the US nor Canada contemplated dual citizenship), but he was honoured by his native country to his life's end and frequently adverted to his Canadian origins. Galbraith taught intermittently at Harvard in the period 1934 to 1939 From 1939 to 1940, he taught at Princeton University. From 1943 until 1948, he served as editor of Fortune magazine. In 1949, he was appointed professor of economics at Harvard.

May 17, 2007 | Permalink

Immigrant of the Day: Madeline Albright (Czech Republic)

Albright_2 Madeleine Albright Former U.S. Secretary of State (Czech Republic)

Madeleine Korbel Albright (born Marie Jana Korbelová, IPA on May 15, 1937) was the first woman to become United States Secretary of State. She was nominated by President Bill Clinton on December 5, 1996 and was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate.

Albright was born Marie Jana Korbelová in Prague, Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic), and raised in the Roman Catholic Church by her parents, who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism in order to escape persecution. In 1939 the Korbel family fled to London after Bohemia and Moravia were annexed by Germany. That may have saved her life, as many of her Jewish relatives in Czechoslovakia were killed in the Holocaust, including three of her grandparents. She and her parents fled again when the Communists assumed power over Czechoslovakia, moving to the United States of America in 1948. Once settled there, Josef became the founding dean of the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver. Korbel later taught future Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.

Intlawgrrls (here) noted Albright's birthday on May 15.

May 18, 2007 | Permalink

Immigrant of the Day: Arnold Schwarzenegger (Austria)

About_arnold_img2 California Governor Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria on July 30, 1947.  He has been a bodybuilder, actor and a politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. As a young man, Schwarzenegger gained widespread attention as a highly successful bodybuilder, and later gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film star, perhaps most famed for his role in the The Terminator series. Schwarzenegger was nicknamed "The Austrian Oak" in his body building days, "Arnie" during his acting career, and more recently "The Governator" (a portmanteau of Governor and Terminator, referring to his internationally popular film role). Schwarzenegger is a Republican, and was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, 2003, to serve the remainder of Davis' term. Schwarzenegger was then reelected on November 7, 2006, in California's 2006 gubernatorial election to serve a full term as governor

Schwarzenegger moved to the United States in September of 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English. There he trained at Gold's Gym in Santa Monica, California. Schwarzenegger became a U.S. citizen in 1983, although he also retains his Austrian citizenship .

May 21, 2007 | Permalink

These posts were orginally posted on the ImmigrationProf Blog here, here and here.

About The Author

Kevin R. Johnson is currently Dean, Professor of Law and Chicana/o Studies, and the Mabie-Apallas Public Interest Law Chair holder at the University of California at Davis. He is also one of the editors of ImmigrationProf Blog .

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinion of ILW.COM.